CN107018792A - The method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting - Google Patents

The method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107018792A
CN107018792A CN201710404372.4A CN201710404372A CN107018792A CN 107018792 A CN107018792 A CN 107018792A CN 201710404372 A CN201710404372 A CN 201710404372A CN 107018792 A CN107018792 A CN 107018792A
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value
greenhouse
soil
threshold
temperature
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陈义龙
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陈义龙
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/02Treatment of plants with carbon dioxide
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D23/00Control of temperature
    • G05D23/19Control of temperature characterised by the use of electric means
    • G05D23/20Control of temperature characterised by the use of electric means with sensing elements having variation of electric or magnetic properties with change of temperature

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, including:Temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, negative ion generating device, heater, fan and spray equipment are set in greenhouse;Temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, heater, fan and spray equipment are connected with being arranged on greenhouse outer computer;Ginseng seeds are seeded into greenhouse soil using order method;Behind the 5th week emerged, a negative ion generating device was opened every five days;Behind the 10th week emerged, a carbon dioxide generating device was opened every three days;Behind the 20th week emerged, every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.1 0.3kg;After sowing 1 year, every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.4 0.5kg;After sowing 3 years, ginseng is ripe.The yield for the ginseng that a kind of method for intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting that the present invention is provided can be effectively improved.

Description

The method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting
Technical field
The invention belongs to Chinese medicine cultivation technical field, it is related to a kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting.
Background technology
Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A.Mey) is herbaceos perennial, and happiness is shady and cool, blade pore-free and fence group Knit, it is impossible to retain moisture, temperature can burn higher than 32 ° of blades, canopy density 0.7-0.8.Always it is considered as hundred grass in Chinese ginseng King, in west, ginseng is called PANAX C.A.MEYER GINSENG, and " PANAX " derives from Greek, means and " guarantees to cure hundred Disease ".《Sheng Nong's herbal classic》Described in:" ginseng, sweet to be slightly cold, main tonifying five zang organs, soothe the nerves, determine soul, and stop palpitate with fear, remove pathogenic factor is bright Mesh, happy intelligence development.Long term usage, macrobiosis of making light of one's life by commiting suicide." at present due to the continuous deterioration of environment, environment suitable for Ginseng Growth is more next to be lacked, and And because people are on the increase to the demand of ginseng, current artificial growth ginseng is more and more, but people's work post at present In plant, temperature, humidity etc. are difficult to control, and cause ginseng yield not high, and of poor quality.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solve at least the above and/or defect, and provide at least will be described later excellent Point.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting.
Therefore, the technical scheme that the present invention is provided is:
A kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by step 2. using order method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds exists 3-5cm;
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 3- is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged 5h;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.1- 0.3kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.4- 0.5kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Preferably, in the method for described intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, in the step 1, the temperature threshold is 20- 25℃。
Preferably, in the method for described intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, in the step 1, the temperature threshold is 50- 70%.
Preferably, in the method for described intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, in the step 5, behind the 20th week emerged, Every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.2kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
Preferably, in the method for described intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, in the step 6, after sowing 1 year, every Once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg for four circumferential fertilisings, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
Preferably, in the method for described intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, in the step 2, the ginseng kind is being sowed The step of also including adjusting the greenhouse soil acid-base value before son, it is specially:
Using the pH value of soil pH detector soil, if detecting in pH threshold ranges, directly broadcast using order method Plant ginseng seeds;
If detecting pH value less than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after lime, stir, adopt Rinsed with clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method;
If detecting pH value more than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after humic acid fertilizer, stirring is equal It is even, rinsed using clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method.
Preferably, in the method for described intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, the pH threshold values are 5.5-6.5.
The present invention at least includes following beneficial effect:
The invention discloses a kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, by set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, Soil humidity detector, heater, fan and spray equipment;And by temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, two Carbonoxide generating means, negative ion generating device, heater, fan and spray equipment are with being arranged on outside greenhouse and being stored with The computer connection of temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value, ginseng life is monitored by above-mentioned detection device in real time Temperature value, humidity value in long environment, and temperature value and humidity value are regulated and controled, it effectively ensure that the growing environment of ginseng;
By carbon dioxide generating device timing to carbon dioxide in greenhouse, the photosynthesis of ginseng has been effectively promoted, So as to be effectively guaranteed the growth of ginseng;Negative ion generating device periodically discharges anion into greenhouse, and kill has in greenhouse Evil bacterium, it is ensured that the normal growth of ginseng;
The invention discloses a kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, behind the 20th week emerged, circumferentially applied every four Once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.1-0.3kg to fertilizer;After sowing 1 year, every four circumferential fertilisings once, apply every time The amount of fertilizer is every square metre of 0.4-0.5kg;Apply fertilizer amount to ginseng in the different growth phases of ginseng to be defined, while using A small amount of multiple fertilizing method, not only prevent and once apply excessive fertilizer and burn out plant, and easily produce pest and disease damage, and The absorption of plant can effectively be ensured, and reduce cost;
A kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting of the present invention, relative plantation ginseng soil carries out soda acid before plantation ginseng Degree regulation and control, are between the 5.5-6.5 most useful for Ginseng Growth, are effectively guaranteed the growth of ginseng, and the present invention In abandon it is of the prior art it is direct doping nertralizer way, using neutralize and rinse combine, not only can be with significantly more efficient Regulate and control the acid-base value in soil, and can effectively prevent other materials brought in nertralizer from remaining in soil.
The yield for the ginseng that a kind of method for intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting that the present invention is provided can be effectively improved.
Further advantage, target and the feature of the present invention embodies part by following explanation, and part will also be by this The research and practice of invention and be understood by the person skilled in the art.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below, to make those skilled in the art being capable of evidence with reference to specification word To implement.
It should be appreciated that such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term used herein do not allot one or many The presence or addition of individual other elements or its combination.
A kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by step 2. using order method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds exists 3-5cm;
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 3- is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged 5h;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.1- 0.3kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.4- 0.5kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the step 1, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the step 1, the temperature threshold is 50-70%.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the step 5, it is circumferential every four behind the 20th week emerged Once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.2kg for fertilising, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the step 6, after sowing 1 year, every four circumferential fertilisings Once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the step 2, also including before the ginseng seeds are sowed The step of being adjusted to the greenhouse soil acid-base value, be specially:
Using the pH value of soil pH detector soil, if detecting in pH threshold ranges, directly broadcast using order method Plant ginseng seeds;
If detecting pH value less than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after lime, stir, adopt Rinsed with clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method;
If detecting pH value more than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after humic acid fertilizer, stirring is equal It is even, rinsed using clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the method for described intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, the pH thresholds It is worth for 5.5-6.5.
To make those skilled in the art more profoundly understand technical scheme, now provide following examples 1 to 6。
Embodiment 1
A kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Wherein, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C, and the temperature threshold is 50-70%;
Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by step 2. using order method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds exists 5cm;
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 5h is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre 0.1kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Embodiment 2
A kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Wherein, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C, and the temperature threshold is 50-70%;
Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by step 2. using order method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds exists 3cm;
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 3h is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre 0.3kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.4kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Embodiment 3
A kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Wherein, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C, and the temperature threshold is 50-70%;
Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by step 2. using order method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds exists 4cm;
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 4h is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre 0.2kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Embodiment 4
A kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Wherein, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C, and the temperature threshold is 50-70%;
Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by step 2. using order method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds exists 4cm;
Wherein, the step of also including adjusting the greenhouse soil acid-base value before sowing the ginseng seeds, it is specially:
Using the pH value of soil pH detector soil, if detecting in pH threshold ranges, directly broadcast using order method Plant ginseng seeds;If detecting pH value less than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after lime, stirring is equal It is even, rinsed using clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method; If detecting pH value more than the minimum value in pH threshold values, add after humic acid fertilizer, stir, using clear into the soil Water is rinsed, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method;The pH threshold values For 5.5-6.5.
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 4h is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre 0.2kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Embodiment 5
A kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Wherein, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C, and the temperature threshold is 50-70%;
Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by step 2. using order method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds exists 4.5cm;
Wherein, the step of also including adjusting the greenhouse soil acid-base value before sowing the ginseng seeds, it is specially:
Using the pH value of soil pH detector soil, if detecting in pH threshold ranges, directly broadcast using order method Plant ginseng seeds;If detecting pH value less than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after lime, stirring is equal It is even, rinsed using clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method; If detecting pH value more than the minimum value in pH threshold values, add after humic acid fertilizer, stir, using clear into the soil Water is rinsed, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method;The pH threshold values For 5.5-6.5.
Step 3. was opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, opened every time behind the 5th week emerged 4.5h;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre 0.25kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.45kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Embodiment 6
A kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Wherein, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C, and the temperature threshold is 50-70%;
Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by step 2. using order method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds exists 5cm;
Wherein, the step of also including adjusting the greenhouse soil acid-base value before sowing the ginseng seeds, it is specially:
Using the pH value of soil pH detector soil, if detecting in pH threshold ranges, directly broadcast using order method Plant ginseng seeds;If detecting pH value less than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after lime, stirring is equal It is even, rinsed using clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method; If detecting pH value more than the minimum value in pH threshold values, add after humic acid fertilizer, stir, using clear into the soil Water is rinsed, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method;The pH threshold values For 5.5-6.5.
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 5h is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre 0.3kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Comparative example
Ginseng is planted using prior art, ginseng is sowed into greenhouse soil, regularly ginseng is applied and becomes thoroughly decomposed fertile and fixed When water deinsectization, after ripening in 3 years.
Compared with comparative example, the yield volume increase 31% respectively than comparative example ginseng of the yield of embodiment 1-6 ginsengs, 35%, 40%th, 51%, 47% and 42%.
The present invention can effectively improve the yield of ginseng, reduce production cost, solve and urgently solved in ginseng industrialization plantation Certainly the problem of.
Although embodiment of the present invention is disclosed as above, it is not restricted in specification and embodiment listed With it can be applied to various suitable the field of the invention completely, can be easily for those skilled in the art Other modification is realized, therefore under the universal limited without departing substantially from claim and equivalency range, the present invention is not limited In specific details.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting, it is characterised in that including:
Step 1. sets temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, anion hair in greenhouse Generating apparatus, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray equipment It is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and by the humidity detected Value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if what is received is wet Angle value is less than the minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, to institute The soil in greenhouse is stated, is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold When, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to the meter On calculation machine, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than the temperature The minimum value spent in threshold value, then the computer control heater is in heated condition, to greenhouse heating, if connecing Receive temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, then the computer control institute State heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by step 2. using order method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds is in 3- 5cm;
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 3-5h is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s gas behind the 10th week emerged every three days Flow velocity leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.1- 0.3kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.4-0.5kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
2. the method for intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 1, the temperature Threshold value is 20-25 DEG C.
3. the method for intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 1, the temperature Threshold value is 50-70%.
4. the method for intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 5, what is emerged After 20th week, every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.2kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is corruption Ripe fertilizer.
5. the method for intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 6, in sowing one Nian Hou, every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is to become thoroughly decomposed Fertilizer.
6. the method for intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 2, in sowing institute The step of also including adjusting the greenhouse soil acid-base value before ginseng seeds is stated, is specially:
Using the pH value of soil pH detector soil, if detecting in pH threshold ranges, people is directly sowed using order method Join seed;
If detecting pH value less than the minimum value in pH threshold values, add after lime, stir, using clear into the soil Water is rinsed, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method;
If detecting pH value more than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after humic acid fertilizer, stir, adopt Rinsed with clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method.
7. the method for intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the pH threshold values are 5.5-6.5.
CN201710404372.4A 2017-06-01 2017-06-01 The method of intelligent greenhouse ginseng planting Withdrawn CN107018792A (en)

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205229869U (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 吉林省沃特管业有限公司 Intelligent greenhouse big -arch shelter system
CN106332623A (en) * 2016-08-01 2017-01-18 郴州市强顺农业科技开发有限公司 Ginseng planting method
CN106413380A (en) * 2014-06-09 2017-02-15 株式会社津村 Method for cultivating asian ginseng

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106413380A (en) * 2014-06-09 2017-02-15 株式会社津村 Method for cultivating asian ginseng
CN205229869U (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 吉林省沃特管业有限公司 Intelligent greenhouse big -arch shelter system
CN106332623A (en) * 2016-08-01 2017-01-18 郴州市强顺农业科技开发有限公司 Ginseng planting method

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Application publication date: 20170808