CN107014638A - A kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment - Google Patents

A kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107014638A
CN107014638A CN201710356085.0A CN201710356085A CN107014638A CN 107014638 A CN107014638 A CN 107014638A CN 201710356085 A CN201710356085 A CN 201710356085A CN 107014638 A CN107014638 A CN 107014638A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
screw rod
stand
screw
push rod
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710356085.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘刚
黄小云
吴湖龙
Original Assignee
长江大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 长江大学 filed Critical 长江大学
Priority to CN201710356085.0A priority Critical patent/CN107014638A/en
Publication of CN107014638A publication Critical patent/CN107014638A/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B5/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means
    • G01B5/18Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means for measuring depth
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/04Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting
    • G01N1/08Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting involving an extracting tool, e.g. core bit

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment, including the integrally formed stand in side at the top of bottom plate and bottom plate, one end of bottom plate is provided with pulley, the top of bottom plate and storage tank is installed away from one end of pulley, the inside on stand top is provided with external member, is worn on the inside of the external member and is connected to screw rod, and the bottom screw thread of screw rod is provided with the cylinder that fetches earth, the top of stand is from left to right separately installed with scale and motor, and the top of stand is close to the side of pulley integrally formed with handrail.The external member that the present invention is arranged by the screw rod external screw-thread in stand, coordinate the motor installed, the drawing out soil equipment is driven underground by the motor cylinder that will fetch earth, effectively Traditional Man is instead of to fetch earth manually operation, time saving and energy saving effect is reached, and the device coordinates sets pulley in the side of bottom plate, coordinates the handrail installed in stand close to pulley side so that the drawing out soil equipment is mobile when in use to be got up more to facilitate.

Description

A kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to garden soil detection technique field, specially a kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment.
Background technology
As the continuous enhancing of people's environmental consciousness, the dynamics of environment pollution detection increasingly increases, dirty for geological environment The detection of dye and administer it is deep is paid attention to by people, at present, for the garden soil detection used in circle forest land quality detection with taking Native device, is to be fetched earth using manpower manual mostly, wasted time and energy, and it is extremely inconvenient to use, and the depth that fetches earth is accurate Degree is difficult to hold, and causes the data of Soil K+adsorption error easily occur, is that Soil K+adsorption work is made troubles.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment, to solve institute in above-mentioned background technology The problem of mentioning.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment, including the integrally formed stand in side at the top of bottom plate and bottom plate, institute The one end for stating bottom plate is provided with pulley, and the both sides of the bottom plate are integrally formed with pedal, the top of the bottom plate and away from sliding One end of wheel is provided with storage tank, and the inside on the stand top is provided with external member, is worn on the inside of the external member and be connected to screw rod, described External member includes screw thread cylinder, and the medium position outside the thread barrel body is integrally formed with transmission fluted disc, and the top of transmission fluted disc Portion is additionally provided with spacing ring with bottom, and be formed in one structure between the outside of the spacing ring and screw thread cylinder, the spacing ring Outer cover be provided with limited location snap ring, the limited location snap ring be fixed between the inside of stand, screw rod and the screw thread cylinder be spiral shell Bottom on the right side of line attachment structure, the stand top is provided with spacing cuff, and the stop collar cuff is mounted in the outside of screw rod, The bottom screw thread of the screw rod is provided with the cylinder that fetches earth, and the top of the stand is from left to right separately installed with scale and motor, The scale is located at the position of screw rod, and to be vertically arranged, the machine shaft of the motor bottom extends to stand Inside is simultaneously provided with fluted disc, is meshed between the outer of the fluted disc and the outer of transmission fluted disc, the outer cover of the machine shaft Equipped with linear bushings, the top of the stand is close to the side of pulley integrally formed with handrail.
The inside of the screw rod is hollow-core construction, and the inner vertical of screw rod is worn and is connected to push rod, and the top of the push rod is prolonged Extend the outside of screw rod and rotating disk is installed, the outer cover on the push rod top is equipped with thread bush, and the thread bush is fixed on screw rod Annular shape is welded with the inside of the inner side on top, cavity volume of the inside provided with cylinder of the cylinder that fetches earth, the cavity volume bottom Anti-decylization, the internal slide of the cavity volume is provided with chock, and the bottom of the push rod is vertically provided with cylindrical jacking block, the jacking block Be formed in one structure between push rod, and the bottom of the jacking block is extended in cavity volume, and with being fitted at the top of chock.
It is preferred that, the inside of the storage tank is placed with the cylinder that fetches earth of different size and size, and for aiding in taking The spanner that native cylinder is fixed.
It is preferred that, the direction of rotation for the thread groove that the screw rod outside and external member are attached and screw rod bottom and soil sample barrel The direction of rotation for the thread groove that body is attached at the bottom of the screw rod and the position of the close cylinder that fetches earth on the contrary, be integrally formed There are the six face cylinders for being easy to spanner clamping.
It is preferred that, the outside of the push rod and at the position on top integrally formed with screw thread, and push rod top is outer It is screw connection structure between portion and thread bush, the outer cover in the middle part of the push rod is provided with outside positioning ring, the positioning ring Along the inner side for being fixed on screw rod, binding structure is worn for slip between the inner side of its positioning ring and push rod.
It is preferred that, the motor is clockwise and anticlockwise motor, and the power input end of the motor is connected electrically in the electric power of portable power source In output end.
It is preferred that, the chock bottom is inverted cone structure, and the outer of chock and the inwall of cavity volume fit.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
1st, the external member that the present invention is arranged by the screw rod external screw-thread in stand, coordinates the motor installed so that this takes The native device cylinder that be able to will be fetched earth by motor is driven underground, and effectively instead of Traditional Man and fetches earth manually operation, has reached province When labour-saving effect, coordinate the inner vertical in screw rod that push rod is set, coordinate the thread bush in the outside suit on push rod top, with And the jacking block connected in push rod bottom, coordinate the chock being slidably installed in the cavity volume in soil sample barrel body, and set in stand The scale put so that the drawing out soil equipment accurately can implement operation of fetching earth to the soil layer of desired depth, also, due to soil sample barrel It is screw connection structure between body and screw rod so that the drawing out soil equipment can change different sizes and bore according to the actual requirements The cylinder that fetches earth, be that landscape ground quality detection operation brings facility, and the device coordinates and sets pulley in the side of bottom plate, matches somebody with somebody Close the handrail installed in stand close to pulley side so that the drawing out soil equipment is mobile when in use to be got up more to facilitate.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is side structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is inside screw cross section structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is external member structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure:1 bottom plate, 2 stands, 3 pedals, 4 pulleys, 5 external members, 51 screw thread cylinders, 52 transmission fluted discs, 53 spacing rings, 6 spiral shells Bar, 7 spacing cuffs, 8 fetch earth cylinder, 9 cavity volumes, 10 chocks, 11 push rods, 12 rotating disks, 13 thread bush, 14 positioning rings, 15 jacking blocks, 16 scales, 17 motors, 18 machine shafts, 19 linear bushings, 20 fluted discs, 21 limited location snap rings, 22 handrails, 23 storage tanks.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to the side one at Fig. 1-3, a kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment, including bottom plate 1 and the top of bottom plate 1 The stand 2 of shaping, one end of bottom plate 1 is provided with pulley 4, the both sides of bottom plate 1 integrally formed with pedal 3, the top of bottom plate 1 and One end away from pulley 4 is provided with storage tank 23, and the inside on the top of stand 2 is provided with external member 5, and the inner side of the external member 5, which is worn, to be connected to Screw rod 6, external member 5 includes screw thread cylinder 51, and the medium position outside screw thread cylinder 51 is driven integrally formed with transmission fluted disc 52 The top and bottom of fluted disc 52 is additionally provided with spacing ring 53, is formed in one between the spacing ring 53 and the outside of screw thread cylinder 51 Structure, the outer cover of spacing ring 53 is provided with limited location snap ring 21, and limited location snap ring 21 is fixed on the inside of stand 2, screw rod 6 and thread barrel It is screw connection structure between body 51, the bottom on the right side of the top of stand 2 is provided with spacing cuff 7, and spacing cuff 7 is sleeved on screw rod 6 outside, the bottom screw thread of screw rod 6 is provided with the cylinder 8 that fetches earth, and the inside of storage tank 23 is placed with taking for different size and size Native cylinder 8, and for aiding in the spanner that cylinder 8 is fixed that fetches earth, the thread groove that the outside of screw rod 6 and external member 5 are attached The direction of rotation of thread groove that is attached of direction of rotation and the bottom of screw rod 6 and the cylinder 8 that fetches earth on the contrary, the bottom of screw rod 6 and Integrally formed with the six face cylinders for being easy to spanner clamping at the position for the cylinder 8 that fetches earth, the top of stand 2 is from left to right distinguished Scale 16 and motor 17 are installed, motor 17 is clockwise and anticlockwise motor, and the power input end of the motor 17 is connected electrically in portable power source Power output end on, scale 16 is located at the position of screw rod 6, and to be vertically arranged, the machine shaft of the bottom of motor 17 18 extend to the inside of stand 2 and are provided with fluted disc 20, and the outer of the fluted disc 20 is meshed with being driven between the outer of fluted disc 52, The outer cover of machine shaft 18 is equipped with linear bushings 19, and the top of stand 2 is close to the side of pulley 4 integrally formed with handrail 22.
The inside of screw rod 6 is hollow-core construction, and the inner vertical of screw rod 6 is worn and is connected to push rod 11, the top extension of push rod 11 To the outside of screw rod 6 and rotating disk 12 is installed, the outer cover on the top of push rod 11 is equipped with thread bush 13, and the thread bush 13 is fixed on spiral shell Integrally formed with screw thread at the inner side on the top of bar 6, the outside of push rod 11 and the position on close top, and the outside on the top of push rod 11 It is screw connection structure between thread bush 13, the outer cover at the middle part of push rod 11 is provided with positioning ring 14, the positioning ring 14 Outer is fixed on the inner side of screw rod 6, wears binding structure between the inner side of its positioning ring 14 and push rod 11 for slip, fetch earth cylinder 8 Cavity volume 9 of the inside provided with cylinder, the anti-decylization of annular shape, the internal slide of cavity volume 9 are welded with the inside of the bottom of cavity volume 9 Chock 10 is installed, the bottom of chock 10 is inverted cone structure, and the outer of chock 10 and the inwall of cavity volume 9 fit, push rod Jacking block 15 of 11 bottom vertically provided with cylinder, be formed in one structure, the bottom of jacking block 15 between the jacking block 15 and push rod 11 End is extended in cavity volume 9, and is fitted with the top of chock 10.
The external member 5 that the present invention is arranged by the external screw-thread of screw rod 6 in stand 2, coordinates the motor 17 installed so that should The drawing out soil equipment cylinder 8 that be able to will be fetched earth by motor 17 is driven underground, and effectively instead of Traditional Man and fetches earth manually operation, reaches Time saving and energy saving effect, coordinate the inner vertical in screw rod 6 to set push rod 11, coordinates the outside suit on push rod 11 top Thread bush 13, and the jacking block 15 connected in the bottom of push rod 11, coordinate the plug being slidably installed in the cavity volume 9 in the cylinder 8 that fetches earth Block 10, and the scale 16 set in stand 2 so that the drawing out soil equipment accurately can be implemented to take to the soil layer of desired depth Native operation, also, be screw connection structure due to fetching earth between cylinder 8 and screw rod 6 so that the drawing out soil equipment can be according to reality Demand, changes the cylinder 8 that fetches earth of different sizes and bore, is that landscape ground quality detection operation brings facility, and the device is matched somebody with somebody Close and pulley 4 is set in the side of bottom plate 1, coordinate the handrail 22 installed in stand 2 close to the side of pulley 4 so that the dress that fetches earth Put movement when in use and get up more convenient.
The garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment, when carrying, staff is tilted by handrail 22 and pulls the dress that fetches earth Put so that pulley 4 is rolled on the ground, reached labour-saving effect, in use, the drawing out soil equipment is moved to appointed place, will Bottom plate 1 is laid flat, and staff chooses the cylinder that fetches earth matched with the demand of fetching earth according to the demand that actually fetches earth in storage tank 23 8, and the bottom of screw rod 6 is attached it to, then foot pedal 3 secures the device to ground, by rotating rotating disk 12 so that Push rod 11 declines, and the chock 10 fetched earth in the inner volume 9 of cylinder 8 is fixed on to the bottom for the cylinder 8 that fetches earth by jacking block 15, and right The bottom end outlet of cylinder 8 that fetches earth is blocked, and starts motor 17 (motor 17 is rotated forward), motor 17 passes through machine shaft 18 and fluted disc 20 So that external member 5 is rotated so that screw rod 6 is moved down, the cylinder 8 that will fetch earth is driven underground, and staff coordinates scale 16 to sentence The depth that disconnected screw rod 6 declines, when screw rod 6 drives the cylinder 8 that fetches earth to drop to desired depth, closes motor 17, and pass through rotating disk After 12 rotation screw rods 6 cause jacking block 15 to move up and depart from chock 10, staff is again started up motor 17 (motor 17 is rotated forward) So that motor 17 continues to drive screw rod 6 to move down, cylinder 8 is fetched earth during decline, and chock 10 is under the pressure effect of soil Move up, soil enters in the cavity volume 9 fetched earth in cylinder 8, staff starts motor 17 (motor 17 is inverted) and causes motor 17 drive screw rods 6 are moved up, and complete operation of fetching earth, and when exporting the pedotheque inside the cylinder 8 that fetches earth, staff passes through Rotate push rod 11 so that jacking block 15 drives chock 10 to decline so that the pressure of soil sample inside the cylinder 8 that fetches earth in chock 10 Lower discharge is, it is necessary to further illustrate:Cylinder 8 fetch earth when being driven underground, chock 10 is located at the bottom of cavity volume 9, on the one hand can be square Just the cylinder 8 that fetches earth is squeezed into soil layer, is on the other hand also avoided that the soil for entering other depth soil layers in cavity volume 9, is fetched earth Accuracy provides safeguard.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of changes, modification can be carried out to these embodiments, replace without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (6)

1. the integrally formed stand in side at the top of a kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment, including bottom plate (1) and bottom plate (1) (2), it is characterised in that:One end of the bottom plate (1) is provided with pulley (4), and the both sides of the bottom plate (1) are integrally formed with stepping on One end of plate (3), the top of the bottom plate (1) and remote pulley (4) is provided with storage tank (23), stand (2) top Inside is provided with external member (5), is worn on the inside of the external member (5) and is connected to screw rod (6), and the external member (5) includes screw thread cylinder (51), institute The outside medium position of screw thread cylinder (51) is stated integrally formed with transmission fluted disc (52), and is driven the top and bottom of fluted disc (52) Spacing ring (53) is additionally provided with, be formed in one structure, the limit between the spacing ring (53) and the outside of screw thread cylinder (51) The outer cover of position ring (53) is provided with limited location snap ring (21), and the limited location snap ring (21) is fixed on the inside of stand (2), the screw rod (6) it is screw connection structure between screw thread cylinder (51), the bottom on the right side of stand (2) top is provided with spacing cuff (7), the spacing cuff (7) is sleeved on the outside of screw rod (6), and the bottom screw thread of the screw rod (6) is provided with the cylinder that fetches earth (8), the top of the stand (2) is from left to right separately installed with scale (16) and motor (17), and the scale (16), which is located at, leans on At the position of nearly screw rod (6), and to be vertically arranged, the machine shaft (18) of motor (17) bottom extends to stand (2) Inside is simultaneously provided with fluted disc (20), is meshed between the outer of the fluted disc (20) and the outer of transmission fluted disc (52), the motor The outer cover of rotating shaft (18) is equipped with linear bushings (19), the top of the stand (2) close to the side of pulley (4) integrally formed with Handrail (22);
The inside of the screw rod (6) is hollow-core construction, and the inner vertical of screw rod (6) is worn and is connected to push rod (11), the push rod (11) top extends to the outside of screw rod (6) and is provided with rotating disk (12), and the outer cover on push rod (11) top is equipped with spiral shell Line set (13), the thread bush (13) is fixed on the inner side on screw rod (6) top, and the inside of the cylinder that fetches earth (8) is provided with cylinder Cavity volume (9), the anti-decylization of annular shape is welded with the inside of cavity volume (9) bottom, the internal slide of the cavity volume (9) is provided with Chock (10), the bottom of the push rod (11) is vertically provided with cylindrical jacking block (15), between the jacking block (15) and push rod (11) Be formed in one structure, and the bottom of the jacking block (15) is extended in cavity volume (9), and with being fitted at the top of chock (10).
2. a kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The storage tank (23) Inside be placed with the cylinder that fetches earth (8) of different size and size, and for pulling that the cylinder (8) that aids in fetching earth is fixed Hand.
3. a kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The screw rod (6) is outside The screw thread that the direction of rotation for the thread groove that portion and external member (5) are attached is attached with screw rod (6) bottom and the cylinder that fetches earth (8) The direction of rotation of groove on the contrary, the bottom of the screw rod (6) and at the position for cylinder (8) of fetching earth integrally formed with being easy to spanner Six face cylinders of clamping.
4. a kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The push rod (11) Integrally formed with being spiral shell between screw thread, and the outside on push rod (11) top and thread bush (13) at outside and position close to top Outer cover in the middle part of line attachment structure, the push rod (11) is provided with positioning ring (14), and the outer of the positioning ring (14) is fixed Inner side in screw rod (6), binding structure is worn between the inner side of its positioning ring (14) and push rod (11) for slip.
5. a kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The motor (17) is Clockwise and anticlockwise motor, the power input end of the motor (17) is connected electrically on the power output end of portable power source.
6. a kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Chock (10) bottom Hold as inverted cone structure, and the outer of chock (10) and the inwall of cavity volume (9) fit.
CN201710356085.0A 2017-05-19 2017-05-19 A kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment CN107014638A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710356085.0A CN107014638A (en) 2017-05-19 2017-05-19 A kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710356085.0A CN107014638A (en) 2017-05-19 2017-05-19 A kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107014638A true CN107014638A (en) 2017-08-04

Family

ID=59449347

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710356085.0A CN107014638A (en) 2017-05-19 2017-05-19 A kind of garden soil detection drawing out soil equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107014638A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107631902A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-26 中海石油(中国)有限公司上海分公司 A kind of portable geological prospecting sampling apparatus
CN110926863A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-03-27 杭州乐守科技有限公司 Soil sampler

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107631902A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-26 中海石油(中国)有限公司上海分公司 A kind of portable geological prospecting sampling apparatus
CN110926863A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-03-27 杭州乐守科技有限公司 Soil sampler

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