CN107013860A - Headlight for motor vehicle - Google Patents

Headlight for motor vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107013860A
CN107013860A CN201611053254.5A CN201611053254A CN107013860A CN 107013860 A CN107013860 A CN 107013860A CN 201611053254 A CN201611053254 A CN 201611053254A CN 107013860 A CN107013860 A CN 107013860A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
light
light distribution
headlight
module
bearing support
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201611053254.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107013860B (en
Inventor
M.阿尔特曼恩
P.马耶
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ZKW Group GmbH
Original Assignee
ZKW Group GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ATA51011/2015 priority Critical
Priority to ATA51011/2015A priority patent/AT517998B1/en
Application filed by ZKW Group GmbH filed Critical ZKW Group GmbH
Publication of CN107013860A publication Critical patent/CN107013860A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107013860B publication Critical patent/CN107013860B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q1/00Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices
    • B60Q1/02Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to illuminate the way ahead or to illuminate other areas of way or environments
    • B60Q1/04Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to illuminate the way ahead or to illuminate other areas of way or environments the devices being headlights
    • B60Q1/06Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to illuminate the way ahead or to illuminate other areas of way or environments the devices being headlights adjustable, e.g. remotely controlled from inside vehicle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V19/00Fastening of light sources or lamp holders
    • F21V19/02Fastening of light sources or lamp holders with provision for adjustment, e.g. for focusing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q1/00Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices
    • B60Q1/02Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to illuminate the way ahead or to illuminate other areas of way or environments
    • B60Q1/04Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to illuminate the way ahead or to illuminate other areas of way or environments the devices being headlights
    • B60Q1/06Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to illuminate the way ahead or to illuminate other areas of way or environments the devices being headlights adjustable, e.g. remotely controlled from inside vehicle
    • B60Q1/076Arrangements or adaptations of optical signalling or lighting devices the devices being primarily intended to illuminate the way ahead or to illuminate other areas of way or environments the devices being headlights adjustable, e.g. remotely controlled from inside vehicle by electrical means including means to transmit the movements, e.g. shafts or joints
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/60Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/60Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution
    • F21S41/63Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution by acting on refractors, filters or transparent cover plates
    • F21S41/635Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution by acting on refractors, filters or transparent cover plates by moving refractors, filters or transparent cover plates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/60Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution
    • F21S41/65Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution by acting on light sources
    • F21S41/657Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution by acting on light sources by moving light sources
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q2400/00Special features or arrangements of exterior signal lamps for vehicles
    • B60Q2400/50Projected signs, i.e. symbol or information is projected onto the road
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/10Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source
    • F21S41/14Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source characterised by the type of light source
    • F21S41/141Light emitting diodes [LED]
    • F21S41/143Light emitting diodes [LED] the main emission direction of the LED being parallel to the optical axis of the illuminating device
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/10Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source
    • F21S41/14Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source characterised by the type of light source
    • F21S41/16Laser light sources
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/10Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source
    • F21S41/14Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source characterised by the type of light source
    • F21S41/176Light sources where the light is generated by photoluminescent material spaced from a primary light generating element
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/20Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by refractors, transparent cover plates, light guides or filters
    • F21S41/25Projection lenses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/60Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution
    • F21S41/67Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution by acting on reflectors
    • F21S41/675Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution by acting on reflectors by moving reflectors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2102/00Exterior vehicle lighting devices for illuminating purposes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2107/00Use or application of lighting devices on or in particular types of vehicles
    • F21W2107/10Use or application of lighting devices on or in particular types of vehicles for land vehicles

Abstract

Headlight for motor vehicle.It is a kind of to include the headlight of distance light module and housing for motor vehicle, wherein distance light module has the optical module and at least one optical imaging system for being used for producing light, the imaging system is by the region before the photoimaging produced by optical module to distance light module, wherein headlight includes at least one to deflect, the mode especially rotated is arranged bearing support in the housing, wherein at least one deflecting apparatus is distributed to bearing support, to make bearing support be deflected on housing around at least one axle, wherein optical module and optical imaging system is accommodated in bearing support, deflecting apparatus makes bearing support be deflected around at least one axle at 0 ° to the angle between maximum angle, and the light produced by optical module is imaged onto in the region before distance light module by imaging system as at least one portion light distribution, wherein at least one part light distribution is configured to part dipped beam distribution and/or is configured to mark light distribution, especially land mark light distribution.

Description

Headlight for motor vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to the headlight for motor vehicle, the headlight includes preferably high-resolution and adaptively remote Optical module and housing, wherein distance light module have the optical module and at least one that are used for producing light in main radiation direction in optical mode The optical imaging system in block downstream, the imaging system is by the region before the photoimaging produced by optical module to distance light module.
Moreover, it relates to at least one, the motor vehicle of preferably two headlights above-mentioned.
Background technology
Motor-driven vehicle headlight adapter with distance light module is completely known in the art now.Distance light module is typically also such as it Name is used to the distance light distribution of vehicle, such as motor vehicle as implying.Here, the distance light module connected generally is put Strong light is penetrated, the strong light is sufficiently used for illuminating spatially being extended forwardly on optical propagation direction at a distance before vehicle(Typical case Ground is more than tens to hundreds of meters)Region.With advances in technology, high-resolution is more and more continually used in motor-driven vehicle headlight adapter The distance light module of rate.This distance light module especially allow radiated distance light distribution adapt to determine traffic and by This is commonly referred to as " adaptive distance light module " or " high-resolution adaptive distance light module ".The traffic of determination Static and/or motion the object in the anterior area of the motor vehicle moved forward can be for example included in, these objects are by certainly The distance light module of adaptation is faded out(ausgeblendet).It is achieved in the function of so-called " without dazzling distance light ".However, it is known that It or not that can and allow to use these distance light modules in all traffics to be.For example, according to standing traffic rules Do not allow to make distance light module stay open or not allow to radiate distance light when travelling within circle of city.Only allow to use quilt herein Desalination(abgeblendet)Light distribution.This causes, and distance light module is substantially in All Time in the case of being travelled in urban district It must remain turned-off.
In addition, the requirement for headlight continues to improve always, the headlight is realized except known light scene(Example Such as dipped beam,(Adaptively)Distance light, steering light, mist light etc.)Outside add light scene, such as floor projection or land mark or The part of person's dipped beam.These additional light scenes should aid in driver and also aid in other traffic participants(Including row People).The floor projection of determination is under atrocious weather situation, such as rainy day or snowy day, also or in the case of severe road surface Can be proved to be it is particularly useful, and can mark be difficult to see or can no longer see completely lane markings, turn round Arrow, leading line, zebra stripes etc. and make it again visible for driver and other traffic participants.
The concept combination present invention of " floor projection " and " land mark " is interpreted as those following light distributions:The light distribution Occupied in the anterior area of motor vehicle at least one with(For example)Dipped beam is distributed Comparatively speaking small region(Spot(Hot spot)) And with 5 meters away from the motor vehicle until 40 meters(Preferably 5 meters until 25 meters)Interval be disposed on road.
But the use of conventional distance light module is limited to adaptive distance light, is for example limited to without dazzling distance light, because distance light mould The subtended angle of block is only sufficiently used for conventional(Or it is adaptive in above-mentioned meaning)Distance light.Subtended angle is limited to currently in itself Available smooth technology.
The content of the invention
Therefore, task of the invention is to provide a kind of headlight with distance light module, and the headlight is to use distance light module And provide and rise in value and realize additional light scene mentioned above.
The task utilizes the headlight for being initially referred to type to solve in the following way according to the present invention:The headlight bag Include at least one and be arranged bearing support in the housing in the way of it can deflect, especially rotate around at least one axle, its In distribute at least one deflecting apparatus to the bearing support, the deflecting apparatus is used to make the bearing support on housing around extremely Few axle deflection, optical module and optical imaging system are accommodated in bearing support, and the deflecting apparatus causes bearing support to surround The deflection of described at least one axle 0 ° between maximum angle, preferably between 0 ° to 13.5 °, especially 0 ° to 10 ° it Between angle, and the light produced by optical module is imaged onto distance light module by the imaging system In preceding region, preferably it is being imaged onto in the case that bearing support has deflected maximum angle before distance light module between 5 to 40 meters Region, especially in the region between 5 to 25 meters, wherein at least one portion light distribution is configured to part dipped beam point Cloth and/or be configured to mark light distribution, be especially configured to land mark light distribution.
Here, the bearing support of receiving optical module and optical imaging system is within the scope of activities of definition(For example at 0 ° extremely Between 13.5 °, preferably between 0 ° to 10 °)It can be adjusted on optional position.Thereby, it is possible to additionally realize in addition Different projection planes, the projection plane be in original definition distance light scope under and can not utilize standard distance light Module realizes that the distance light module of the standard is substantially rigidly(In addition to basic adjustment)It is arranged in headlight.At this Within the projection plane provided a bit, distance light module can be used to show different images or light scene.
In addition it can specify that:Optical module is fixedly placed in housing, and optical imaging system is accommodated in bearing support In, bearing support is arranged in the housing in the way of it can deflect, especially rotate around at least one axle, and deflecting apparatus makes branch Bolster surrounds at least one axle deflection at 0 ° to the angle between maximum angle, preferably between 0 ° to 13.5 °, and The imaging system using the light produced by optical module into being imaged onto as at least one portion light distribution in the region before distance light module, Preferably being imaged onto in the case that bearing support has deflected maximum angle in front of distance light module in the region between 5 to 40 meters, Especially in the region between 5 to 25 meters, wherein at least one portion light distribution be configured to the distribution of part dipped beam and/ Or be configured to mark light distribution, be especially configured to land mark light distribution.
In this embodiment, only optical imaging system is deflected and is therefore adjusted within the scope of activities of definition It is whole on optional position(Inflection point).Herein, it is advantageous to which optical module can be rigidly(But this is not excluded for optical module Basic adjustment)It is arranged in the housing of headlight and need not deflects together.Here, optical imaging system can be for example by means of hinge Chain member is connected in deflectable mode with the optical module being fixed in housing.
In addition may desirably, deflecting apparatus and housing be permanently connected and including electronic adjusting means and/or The adjusting means of machinery, the adjusting means is combined to deflect bearing support with bearing support.In view of the calibration of headlight, deflection is set The standby connection with housing is probably favourable.
On the quantity of the component in headlight, it can specify that:Bearing support is integratedly constructed with optical imaging system.
May be desirably on installation of the distance light module in headlight:Distance light module includes fixed mount, and the fixed mount holds Receive optical module, wherein fixed mount is regularly disposed in, is especially fixed in housing.
Can be advantageously provided in a modification of the present invention scheme, deflecting apparatus and fixed mount be permanently connected and Including electronic and/or mechanical adjusting means, the adjusting means is combined to deflect bearing support with bearing support.Deflection is set Standby be arranged at fixed mount can be for example favourable when changing distance light module.Here, fixed mount and supporting can unclamped Whole distance light module is taken out from housing after frame.
Generation in view of light image may be desirably:Optical module includes at least one, preferably two or more Light source and at least one lighting object, wherein at least one described light source is illuminated in on-state to lighting object, The lighting object is turned to and/or changed to the light produced by light source, and wherein light source and lighting object are on optical imagery system System is arranged so that the substantially all light for being diverted and/or changing all is entered in optical imaging system.
Quality on light image is it may be advantageous that lighting object or the intermediate image produced by lighting object are basic On be arranged in the focal plane of optical imaging system, preferably focus.In the projection module of the reflector with such as pseudo-ellipse In, the lighting object can produce intermediate image first, and the intermediate image is preferably located in the focal plane of imaging system, described Intermediate image is imaged onto before distance light module by optical imaging system.
The present invention one preferred embodiment in can specify that:At least one, preferably all light sources are constructed For LED/light source, and preferably at least one lighting object is configured to micro reflector array, is preferably constructed to micro scanning Instrument.Here, optical module constitutes high-resolution LED-based projecting apparatus together with optical imaging system, the projection is utilized Instrument can produce the light image of different shape and color(Referring to Fig. 6 to 9).
In addition it can specify that:At least one, preferably all light sources be configured to LASER Light Source, and it is described at least One lighting object is configured to light conversion element.
May be in accordance with purpose herein:Optical module has light steering component, and the smooth steering component will be by a laser Light produced by light source/multiple LASER Light Sources is redirect on light conversion device, wherein at least one in the smooth steering component Preferably include multiple micro-reflectors.
Application of the laser in headlight is elucidated with technical literature and belongs to prior art.Here, filling mostly Divide the operating distance using laser.In the headlight according to the present invention, laser module for example brings following advantage:Light can be realized The finer resolution ratio of image and light laser are also substantially visible well in the case of extremely atrocious weather 's.
May desirably, in the state being installed in motor vehicle of headlight, at least one described axle substantially water Level land and main radiation direction transverse to headlight is extended.In the case of at least one axle so oriented, optical mode Block " is tilted " substantially downward in deflection, and this causes the decline of radiated light image and caused in light image and motor vehicle Between interval shorten.
In terms of image error when accommodating the bearing support deflection of optical imaging system is reduced, it may be advantageous to institute At least one axle position is stated in the focal plane of imaging system, the focus of optical imaging system is preferably extended through.
It can advantageously provide for:At least one portion light distribution is configured to one, two or more land mark light Distribution, wherein each land mark light distribution is chosen from one of following light distribution:
- leading line radiates light distribution, its can road edge by it is bad mark or by(Snow, husky, mud etc.)The feelings made dirty It is particularly advantageous under condition;
- traveling lane width indicator light distribution, it can overtake other vehicles in the case of the pavement marker for being difficult to see It is favourable;
- braking maintains light distribution, the peace that it can be for holding with the vehicle driven in the front or with other barriers before motor vehicle The purpose at full interval but it is useful;
- range indicator light distribution;
- direction arrow light distribution, wherein range indicator light distribution and direction arrow light distribution are preferably radiated simultaneously, and Range indicator light distribution shows the distance until crossroad to driver, and direction arrow light distribution is by the meaning of driver Figure informs other traffic participants.In addition, when driver forgets to indicate travel direction after turning action terminates When device is deactivated, direction arrow light distribution can be favourable;
- stop line light distribution;
- crossing light distribution;
- pedestrian warns light distribution, and the light distribution warns pedestrian to watch out for for example by other cars by projecting to the symbol on ground Possible danger caused by.When such as pedestrian gets off from tramcar and thinks to reach relative road side and herein at once Path after tramcar is selected for its action and during without noting on-coming traffic enough, this can be favourable;
- parking space identifies light distribution.Here, parking space mark light distribution is not understood to park from known in the art Auxiliary, and it is understood to following light distribution:The light distribution cause driver and/or passenger at road edge or Notice and a series of for example densely park each other on public or private car park or in garage parking or underground parking Vehicle in possibility of parking.
Stop line light distribution, crossing light distribution and pedestrian's warning light distribution can be jointly or individually by spokes Penetrate, and pedestrian and driver are aided in the case of the crossing mark for being difficult to see(Referring to Fig. 9).
Being initially referred to for task is also solved in the following way using a kind of motor vehicle according to the present invention, the motor vehicle With sensor unit and at least one control unit that at least one is used to detect the object outside the motor vehicle, wherein The control unit is assigned at least one distance light module, preferably two distance light modules and at least one described sensor Unit, wherein control unit are according to the object and/or motor vehicle speed and/or driving direction indicator thereof detected by sensor unit State control at least one distance light module, preferably two distance light modules so that at least one distance light module, preferably two Individual distance light module radiates the light for constituting at least one portion light distribution, and the part light distribution is configured to part dipped beam point Cloth and/or one, two or more land mark light distribution, wherein each land mark light distribution from following light distribution it It is chosen in one:
- leading line radiates light distribution;
- traveling lane width indicator light distribution;
- braking maintains light distribution;
- range indicator light distribution;
- direction arrow light distribution;
- stop line light distribution;
- crossing light distribution;
- pedestrian warns light distribution;
- parking space identifies light distribution.
It can advantageously provide for herein:At least one described headlight have substantially 75 to 90 centimetres assembling height and Bearing support can be deflected in the scope in 0 ° to 13.5 ° of scope, especially between 0 ° and 10 °.
Brief description of the drawings
The present invention is expanded on further by exemplary, nonrestrictive embodiment below, these embodiments are attached It is elucidated with figure.In the drawing:
Fig. 1 with schematic diagram show according to the present invention headlight related component and its association,
Fig. 2 shows Fig. 1 headlight in deflection state,
Fig. 3 shows the improvement project of Fig. 1 headlight,
Fig. 4 shows Fig. 3 headlight in deflection state,
Fig. 5 shows to carry the schematic diagram of the motor vehicle of the headlight according to the present invention, the headlight generation leading line radiating light point Cloth,
Fig. 6 shows that, with two headlight, motor vehicle overtaking other vehicles schematic diagrames according to the present invention, the headlight produces traveling Lane width indicator light is distributed,
Fig. 7 shows the schematic diagram according to the motor vehicle of the headlight of the present invention with least one, and the headlight produces braking and maintained Light distribution,
Fig. 8 shows the schematic diagram according to the motor vehicle of the headlight of the present invention with least one, and the headlight produces distance and indicated Device light distribution and direction arrow light distribution,
Fig. 9 shows the schematic diagram according to the motor vehicle of the headlight of the present invention with least one, and the headlight produces parking linear light Distribution, crossing light distribution and pedestrian's warning light distribution, and
Figure 10 is shown mounted to the headlight in motor vehicle.
Embodiment
With reference first to Fig. 1.One according to headlight and its related component of the invention is diagrammatically illustrated in the figure Plant preferred embodiment.The motor-driven vehicle headlight adapter has the distance light module 1 being disposed in housing 2.Here, distance light module 1 is wrapped Include for produce light 4 optical module 3, at least one on main radiation direction OA the downstream of optical module 3 optical imaging system 5, The light 4 produced by optical module is imaged onto before distance light module 1 by the imaging system 5(On main radiation direction OA)Region in. In embodiment as shown here, imaging system 5 is permanently connected with optical module 3, and this is only:It may be constructed such that light The imaging system 5 for learning the device of related component, such as lens, diaphragm, speculum, prism etc. can not be inclined on optical module 3 Turn or can not even move.At least one bearing support is provided with headlight in order to accommodate optical module 3 and optical imaging system 5 6.In addition, housing 2, which typically has, accommodates frame 20, and the receiving frame is regularly disposed in, for example shape-ordinatedly (formschluessig)It is fixed in housing, and accommodates bearing support 6 so that bearing support 6 is can surround at least one On housing 2, deflection, the mode especially rotated in frame 20 is accommodated are placed axle S.However, accommodating frame 20 in housing 2 What existence was not required.It should be only arranged as bearing support 6 being arranged in the way of it can deflect, especially rotate Device in housing 2.This device is common in motor vehicle manufacture and is completely known for professional 's.Axle S is arranged in the horizontal plane vertical with main radiation direction according to the present invention, the main radiation direction and optical imagery system The optical axis OA of system is overlapped.Here, the concept of " level " is related to the state that headlight is installed in motor vehicle.In order that bearing support 6 Deflection, at least one deflecting apparatus 7 is provided with headlight according to the present invention, and the deflecting apparatus 7 is for example it is so structured that linear Adjuster(Linearsteller)Or rotary actuator(Rotationsantrieb), the deflecting apparatus and housing 2 are preferred Ground is permanently connected and can have mechanical and/or electronic adjusting means 9, and the adjusting means 9 is in order that bearing support 6 is surrounded Axle S is deflected and combined with bearing support at least one point, preferably two, three or more points.Adjusting means 9 is constructed To enable deflecting apparatus 7 bearing support 6 is deflected around axle S at 0 °(0 position)With maximum angle Wmax(Maximum deflection position) Between, preferably between 0 ° and 13.5 °, angle W especially between 0 ° and 10 °.Here and completely generally In scope of the invention, angle W is interpreted as " obliquity " of bearing support 6.Here, bearing support 6 is tilted down by deflection And it is brought in obliquity.Angle W(Obliquity)E.g. in optical axis(Main radiation direction)OA and horizontal plane(For example Referring to Fig. 4)Between angle.A kind of diagram of angle W replacement figure 2 illustrates.When bearing support 6 is tilted down, angle W For just.
In this point it should be noted that:Optical module 3 is general namely can be according to branch in every kind of embodiment of the present invention The inflection point of bolster is run in a different manner.In Fig. 1 in 0 shown position, optical module 3 in on-state for example The light for producing part distance light distribution is radiated, the part distance light distribution for example nearly light distribution can supplement into distance light point Cloth.It is understood as with reference to the present invention " high beam mode " of distance light module.From bearing support 6 can be predetermined(Such as 2 °)Partially W is put in indexing0Rise, optical module 3 is for example radiated for producing part dipped beam distribution and/or mark light distribution, preferably land mark The light of light distribution(Referring to Fig. 5 to Figure 10).Here, especially land mark light distribution has multiple different shapes(Straight line, side Shape, arrow, quadrangle, letter, picto-diagram(Piktogramm))At least partially overlap with each other or nonoverlapping region (Referring to Fig. 5 to Figure 10), wherein these regions are located at interval maximum 40 meters before the motor vehicle.Understood with reference to the present invention For " the land mark pattern " of distance light module.The difference of other technology will further add further below between the operational mode of optical module To discuss.
Fig. 2 shows the headlight in Fig. 1, and the supporting of optical module 3 and optical imaging system 5 is accommodated in the case of the headlight Frame 6 has been deflected maximum angle Wmax.Here, distance light module 1 is operated in land mark pattern, the land mark pattern is in the past What face was previously mentioned can be predetermined inflection point W0Rising to be activated.
In the improvement project shown in figure 3 of the present invention, optical module 3 can be regularly disposed in housing 2. Optical imaging system 5 is accommodated in bearing support 6 or is integratedly constructed with bearing support 6.Here, accommodating optical imaging system 5 bearing support 6 can be discretely constructed with optical module 3 or with optical module 3 for example by means of hinge components(It is not shown)Can The connection of deflection ground.At least one axle S is on optical module 3 and is therefore deflected, especially on housing 2 that can surround for bearing support 6 It is that the mode rotated is disposed in housing 2.
Herein advantageously, optical module 3 can substantially rigidly be arranged in housing 2 and need not deflect together. This, " substantially rigid " is interpreted as:Optical module 3 is merely capable of moving in the scope that it adjusts substantially is related to.Empirically, The basic adjusting range is only the several years(Such as 0 ° to 2 °), thus optical module 3 be not configured in its basic adjusting range production Raw floor projection or land mark above-mentioned.In addition, fixed mount 10, the fixed mount 10 can be set in headlight It is fixedly placed in housing 2, is preferably shape-ordinatedly connected, for example screws with housing 2, and accommodate optical module 3, such as may be used As being learned from Fig. 3.In addition, it can also be seen that the deflecting apparatus 7 being arranged in headlight can be with fixed mount from Fig. 3 10 are preferably fixedly connected and including electronic and/or mechanical adjusting means 9, and the adjusting means 9 is combined with bearing support 6 to be come Deflect bearing support 6.
Certainly, following technical characteristic is optional:Deflecting apparatus 7 is arranged at fixed mount 10 and preferred with the fixed mount Ground regularly, is for example shape-ordinatedly connected.Deflecting apparatus can as Fig. 1 and/or it is illustrated in fig. 2 in Fig. 3(And Fig. 4) Shown in embodiment in it is also preferably fixed with housing 2, be for example shape-ordinatedly connected.
As shown by figs. 3 and 4, it is disposed according to the present invention in optical axis OA horizontal plane Axle S(The yawing axis of bearing support 6 in Fig. 1 to 4)It may extend through the focus F of optical imaging system 5.This has following excellent Point:Each object, such as light source being arranged in focus F can pass through when the bearing support 6 for accommodating optical imaging system 5 is deflected Imaging system 5 and substantially without distortions(Image error)It is imaged.
For the sake of integrality, it shall be noted that:For the sake of simpler expression and in the category of entire disclosure file Referred to " focus " in other places.In reality, the concept of " focus " is a kind of mathematic(al) idealization.Here, passing through nonideal The light beam of optical imaging system can not be imaged onto in focus or be imaged on focal plane but can be imaged onto including In the focal plane of the focus.The focal plane can be focal plane, but in general the focal plane is due to image error(For example distort) And may not be plane earth but be also possible to " be constructed " deviously, namely light beam generally focuses on the bending comprising focus In face.
Fig. 4 shows the headlight in Fig. 3, and the bearing support 6 that optical imaging system 5 is accommodated in the case of the headlight is deflected Maximum angle Wmax.Here, distance light module 1 is operated in land mark pattern, the land mark pattern from it is above-mentioned can Predetermined inflection point W0Rising to be activated.
The optical module 3 of headlight in Fig. 1 or Fig. 3 includes at least one, preferably two or more according to the present invention Individual light source and at least one lighting object, wherein at least one light source are illuminated in on-state to lighting object, should Lighting object is turned to and/or changed to the light produced by light source, and wherein light source and lighting object is on optical imaging system It is arranged so that the substantially all of light for being diverted and/or changing all is entered in optical imaging system.Here, illumination pair As being arranged substantially in the focal plane F of optical imaging system 5(In focus).
In especially advantageous embodiment of the invention, optical module 3 is configured to high-resolution optical projection system(HDP= High definition projector=high resolution proj ector).Each light source example of the high-resolution optical projection system It such as may be constructed such that LASER Light Source or preferably high-power(With very high intensity)LED/light source.Here, illumination Object may be constructed such that micro scanning instrument well known in the prior art(In the case of an led lighting source)Or it is configured to light converting means Put(In the case of a laser light source).Light conversion device is also referred to as " phosphor with professional and technical personnel's term(Phosphor)”. Here, in embodiment in figs. 3 and 4, micro scanning instrument or phosphor are disposed in the focus F of optical imaging system 5.
Fig. 5 to Fig. 9 schematically shows part light distribution, and the part light distribution can be utilized according to the present invention on ground The headlight that is run in marking mode is produced.Here, at least one portion light distribution 8 is distributed A and/or by city light light by dipped beam It is distributed SL superpositions.Specifically:Fig. 5 shows leading line radiation light distribution 8a;Fig. 6 shows traveling lane width indicator light distribution 8b;Fig. 7 show braking maintain light distribution 8c, its can be used for maintaining for example with the safe distance of the vehicle driven in the front;Fig. 8 shows Go out range indicator light distribution 8d and direction arrow light distribution 8e to aid in as turning, the auxiliary of turning for example is being manipulated(Turn Curved indicator)It can be activated during flasher FA;And Fig. 9 show stop line light distribution 8f, crossing light distribution 8g and Pedestrian warns light distribution 8h, its not only support to be equipped with least one according to the driver of the motor vehicle of the headlight of the present invention but also Support other traffic participants.Here, under certain situation in situation described above(Such as Fig. 8 and Fig. 9)It may fit Suitable is:Dynamic eradiation land mark light distribution.Also it is only to say, inflection point of the bearing support 6 in headlight is marked on ground It is not to maintain constant in note pattern, but for example becomes increasing when the speed of vehicle becomes less and less, thus exist Illuminated region is kept substantially the motionless and close vehicle on road on road.
For this purpose, according to the present invention motor vehicle in can set at least one be used for detect outside motor vehicle The sensor unit of object and at least one control unit, the wherein control unit be assigned at least one distance light module, Preferably two distance light modules and at least one described sensor unit, wherein control unit are examined according to by sensor unit The object and/or motor vehicle speed and/or driving direction indicator thereof FA of survey(Turing indicator)State(Beat opening/closing)To control At least one distance light module, preferably two distance light modules are made, and are for example indicated according to motor vehicle speed and/or travel direction Device(Turing indicator)State be adapted to the inflection point of a bearing support/multiple bearing supports.
Figure 10 shows the front portion of motor vehicle described above, and the motor vehicle has at least one according to headlight of the invention. Here, the interval P away from the region illuminated on road with land mark depend on the assembling height h of at least one headlight with And depend on(It is not shown here)Distance light module(It is not shown here)The inflection point of bearing support(Angle)W.In distance light In pattern, headlight radiates part distance light distribution FL, and the bearing support in headlight is in 0 position, and optical axis OA is essentially horizontally fixed To.In the land mark pattern of distance light module(Radiate word " STOP(Stop)”)In, interval P can be reduced by increasing angle W, So as to which the land mark projected is always remained in the same area of road.(It is not shown here)Bearing support " quilt herein Tilt " angle W between horizontal line and optical axis OA'.

Claims (17)

1. for the headlight of motor vehicle, the headlight includes distance light module(1)And housing(2), wherein the distance light module(1)Tool Have:
- be used to produce light(4)Optical module(3)
- at least one is in main radiation direction(OA)It is upper to be located at the optical module(3)The optical imaging system in downstream(5), it is described into As system(5)The light that will be produced by the optical module(4)It is imaged onto the distance light module(1)In preceding region,
Wherein
The headlight includes at least one to surround at least one axle(S)Deflection, the mode especially rotated are disposed in The housing(2)In bearing support(6),
Wherein give the bearing support(6)It is assigned at least one deflecting apparatus(7), the deflecting apparatus is for making the bearing support (6)On the housing(2)Around at least one axle(S)Deflection, wherein
The optical module(3)And optical imaging system(5)It is accommodated in the bearing support(6)In,
The deflecting apparatus(7)Make the bearing support(6)Around at least one described axle(S)Deflection is at 0 ° to maximum angle (Wmax)Between, preferably between 0 ° to 13.5 °, the angle especially between 0 ° to 10 °(W), and the imaging system (5)Will be by the optical module(3)The light of generation is used as at least one portion light distribution(8)It is imaged onto the distance light module(1)Before Region in, preferably in the bearing support(6)Maximum angle is deflected(Wmax)In the case of be imaged onto before the distance light module Region between 5 to 40 meters, especially in the region between 5 to 25 meters,
Wherein described at least one portion light distribution is configured to part dipped beam and is distributed and/or is configured to mark light distribution, especially It is to be configured to land mark light distribution(8a, 8b, 8c, 8d, 8e, 8f, 8g, 8h).
2. for the headlight of motor vehicle, the headlight includes distance light module(1)And housing(2), wherein the distance light module(1)Tool Have:
- be used to produce light(4)Optical module(3)
- at least one is in main radiation direction(OA)It is upper to be located at the optical module(3)The optical imaging system in downstream(5), it is described into As system(5)The light that will be produced by the optical module(4)It is imaged onto the distance light module(1)In preceding region,
Wherein
The headlight includes at least one to surround at least one axle(S)Deflection, the mode especially rotated are disposed in The housing(2)In bearing support(6),
Wherein give the bearing support(6)Distribute at least one deflecting apparatus(7), the deflecting apparatus is for making the bearing support (6)On the housing(2)Around at least one axle(S)Deflection, wherein
The optical module(3)It is fixedly placed on the housing(2)In,
The optical imaging system(5)It is accommodated in the bearing support(6)In,
The deflecting apparatus(7)Make the bearing support(6)Around at least one described axle(S)Deflection is at 0 ° to maximum angle (Wmax)Between, preferably between 0 ° to 13.5 °, the angle especially between 0 ° to 10 °(W), and the imaging system (5)Will be by the optical module(3)The light of generation is used as at least one portion light distribution(8)It is imaged onto the area before the distance light module In domain, preferably in the bearing support(6)Maximum angle is deflected(Wmax)In the case of be imaged onto before the distance light module 5 to Region between 40 meters, especially in the region between 5 to 25 meters,
Wherein described at least one portion light distribution is configured to part dipped beam and is distributed and/or is configured to mark light distribution, especially It is to be configured to land mark light distribution(8a, 8b, 8c, 8d, 8e, 8f, 8g, 8h).
3. headlight according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the deflecting apparatus(7)With the housing(2)It is fixed Ground is connected and the adjusting means including electronic adjusting means and/or machinery(9), the adjusting means(9)With the supporting Frame(6)With reference to making the bearing support(6)Deflection.
4. headlight according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the bearing support(6)With the optical imaging system(5)One It is constructed body.
5. the headlight according to claim 2 or 4, it is characterised in that the distance light module includes fixed mount(10), this is fixed Frame(10)Accommodate the optical module(3), wherein the fixed mount(10)It is fixedly placed on, is especially shape-ordinatedly fixed on The housing(2)In.
6. headlight according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the deflecting apparatus(7)With the fixed mount(10)It is fixed Ground is connected and including electronic and/or mechanical adjusting means(9), the adjusting means(9)With the bearing support(6)With reference to To make the bearing support(6)Deflection.
7. the headlight according to claim 1 or 6, it is characterised in that the optical module(3)Including at least one, preferably Two or more light sources and at least one lighting object, wherein at least one described light source is shone described in on-state Bright object is illuminated, and the lighting object is turned to and/or changed to the light produced by the light source, wherein the light source and The lighting object is arranged on the optical imaging system so that the substantially all light for being diverted and/or changing all enters Enter into the optical imaging system.
8. headlight according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the lighting object is produced by the lighting object Intermediate image is arranged substantially at the optical imaging system(5)Focal plane(F), preferably in focus.
9. the headlight according to claim 7 or 8, it is characterised in that at least one, preferably all light sources are configured to LED/light source, and at least one preferably described lighting object is configured to micro reflector array, is preferably constructed to micro- sweep Retouch instrument.
10. the headlight according to claim 7 or 8, it is characterised in that at least one, preferably all light sources are configured to LASER Light Source, and at least one described lighting object is configured to light conversion element.
11. headlight according to claim 10, it is characterised in that the optical module has light steering component, the light turns It will be redirect to element as the light produced by a LASER Light Source/multiple LASER Light Sources on light conversion device, wherein the light turns At least one into element preferably includes multiple micro-reflectors.
12. the headlight according to one of claim 1 to 11, it is characterised in that be installed to motor vehicle in the headlight In state in, at least one described axle(S)Essentially horizontally and transverse to the main radiation direction of the headlight extend.
13. the headlight according to one of claim 1 to 12, it is characterised in that at least one described axle(S)Positioned at it is described into As system(5)Focal plane(F)In, preferably extend through the optical imaging system(5)Focus(F).
14. the headlight according to one of claim 1 to 13, it is characterised in that at least one portion light distribution(8)It is constructed For one, two or more land mark light distribution, wherein each land mark light distribution is from one of following light distribution Selection:
- leading line radiates light distribution(8a);
- traveling lane width indicator light distribution(8b);
- braking maintains light distribution(8c);
- range indicator light distribution(8d);
- direction arrow light distribution(8e);
- stop line light distribution(8f);
- crossing light distribution(8g);
- pedestrian warns light distribution(8h);
- parking space identifies light distribution.
15. a kind of motor vehicle, its have at least one, preferably two headlights according to claim 14.
16. motor vehicle according to claim 15, it is characterised in that there is the motor vehicle at least one to be used to detect at this The sensor unit of object outside motor vehicle and at least one control unit, the wherein control unit be assigned to it is described extremely Few a distance light module, preferably two distance light modules and at least one described sensor unit, wherein described control unit According to the object and/or motor vehicle speed and/or driving direction indicator thereof detected by the sensor unit(FA)State come Control at least one distance light module, the preferably two distance light modules so that at least one described distance light module, preferably two Individual distance light module radiates the light for constituting at least one portion light distribution, and the part light distribution is configured to part dipped beam point Cloth and/or one, two or more land mark light distribution, wherein each land mark light distribution from following light distribution it Selected in one:
- leading line radiates light distribution;
- traveling lane width indicator light distribution;
- braking maintains light distribution;
- range indicator light distribution;
- direction arrow light distribution;
- stop line light distribution;
- crossing light distribution;
- pedestrian warns light distribution;
- parking space identifies light distribution.
17. the motor vehicle according to claim 15 or 16, it is characterised in that at least one described headlight has substantially 75 To 90 centimetres of assembling height(h)And the bearing support(6)Can be in 0 ° to 13.5 ° of scope, especially at 0 ° to 10 ° Between scope in deflect.
CN201611053254.5A 2015-11-26 2016-11-25 Headlight for a motor vehicle Active CN107013860B (en)

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