CN107013043A - Mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and the starching machine and method for sizing of upper surface - Google Patents

Mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and the starching machine and method for sizing of upper surface Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107013043A
CN107013043A CN201710393152.6A CN201710393152A CN107013043A CN 107013043 A CN107013043 A CN 107013043A CN 201710393152 A CN201710393152 A CN 201710393152A CN 107013043 A CN107013043 A CN 107013043A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mortar
brick
starching
conveying
vertical plane
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710393152.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈思鑫
刘昌臻
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Taocheng Construction Engineering Co Ltd
Huaway IOT Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Fujian Taocheng Construction Engineering Co Ltd
Huaway IOT Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fujian Taocheng Construction Engineering Co Ltd, Huaway IOT Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Fujian Taocheng Construction Engineering Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710393152.6A priority Critical patent/CN107013043A/en
Publication of CN107013043A publication Critical patent/CN107013043A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/22Tools or apparatus for setting building elements with mortar, e.g. bricklaying machines

Abstract

It is a kind of that mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and the starching machine of upper surface, including automatic sizing mechanism, linked network mechanism and conveying mechanism, described automatic sizing mechanism includes the mortar accommodating cavity for being used to hold mortar of a up/down perforation, described mortar accommodating cavity is on a retainer plate, and described retainer plate is provided with the first mortar feed opening and the second mortar feed opening;Described linked network mechanism is used to the hanging net of shaping being positioned over wall brick;Described conveying mechanism includes the first conveying mechanism and second conveyor structure, is provided between the first described conveying mechanism and second conveyor structure brick overturning 90 °, and the wall brick after upset is delivered to the switching mechanism of the second switching mechanism.Present invention additionally comprises by the method for sizing on mortar in brick vertical plane and upper surface.Starching machine and method for sizing of the present invention, wall brick conveying and starching are organically combined, it is possible to achieve brick has the advantages that operational efficiency is high, stable automatically in upper surface and vertical plane starching.

Description

Mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and the starching machine and method for sizing of upper surface
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of buildings, more particularly to mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and the starching machine of upper surface And method for sizing.
Background technology
With continuing to develop for society, building trade is constantly risen, and has a large amount of buildings daily in construction.Assembled in wall Before, it is necessary to starching is first carried out to wall brick, traditional starching work of building a wall is basic based on builder's hand labour, this side Formula speed of application is slow, workman's amount of labour is big and construction quality can not ensure.Therefore, engendered that automatic wall-building machine people comes Instead of manual work.
At present, automatic wall-building machine people mainly includes wall brick automatic sizing part and automatic lay bricks part, automatic sizing portion Need to convey wall brick in point, due to needing to wall brick vertical plane and upper surface difference starching, current automatic sizing portion Divide generally existing automation effect bad, the shortcomings of inconvenient for use, in view of this, this case is generated then.
The content of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems, can realize that brick is automatic on upper surface and vertical plane it is an object of the invention to provide one kind Slurry, and have the advantages that operational efficiency it is high, stably mortar is uniformly put on the starching machine of brick vertical plane and upper surface and on Paste-making method.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme that the present invention is provided is:Mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and upper surface Starching machine, including automatic sizing mechanism, linked network mechanism and conveying mechanism, it is characterised in that:
Described automatic sizing mechanism includes the mortar accommodating cavity for being used to hold mortar of a up/down perforation, and described mortar is housed Chamber is on a retainer plate, and described retainer plate is provided with the first mortar feed opening and the second mortar feed opening;Also include one to pass Motivation structure, described mortar accommodating cavity is moved reciprocatingly by transmission mechanism on retainer plate;The of described retainer back One mortar feed opening and the second mortar material mouth surrounding are convexly equipped with downwards the first mortar shaping boss;, the second mortar material mouth surrounding to Under be convexly equipped with the second mortar shaping boss;The length of described mortar shaping boss is less than or equal to the length that wall brick treats starching brick face Degree, width is less than or equal to the width that wall brick treats starching brick face;The first described mortar is molded shape between boss, the first mortar feed opening Into the first mortar forming cavity, the second mortar shaping boss, the second mortar forming cavity is formed between the second mortar feed opening, described the One mortar forming cavity bottom lengths are less than or equal to the length that wall brick treats starching vertical plane, and width is less than or equal to the width of vertical plane, Second mortar forming cavity bottom lengths are less than or equal to the length that wall brick treats starching upper surface, and width is treated in starching less than or equal to wall brick The width on surface;
Described linked network mechanism is used to the hanging net of shaping being positioned over wall brick vertical plane;
Described conveying mechanism includes the first conveying mechanism and second conveyor structure, the first described conveying mechanism and the second conveying Brick is overturn 90 ° by inter-agency be provided with, and the wall brick after upset is delivered to the switching mechanism of the second switching mechanism;Described second The conveyor surface of conveying mechanism is highly higher than between the conveyor surface height of the first conveying mechanism, two conveyor surfaces along straight line and be arranged in parallel; The first described conveying mechanism is provided with the first starching of wall brick portion, and second conveyor structure is provided with the second starching of wall brick portion, described The first starching of wall brick portion immediately below the first mortar feed opening, described the second starching of wall brick portion is located at the second mortar blanking Immediately below mouthful;Described wall brick the first starching portion and wall brick the second starching subordinate portion are provided with lowering or hoisting gear, described lowering or hoisting gear Wall brick is close to mortar shaping boss for controlling wall brick the first starching portion and the second starching of wall brick portion to rise, controlled after the completion of starching Wall brick the first starching portion processed and wall brick the second starching subordinate are down to conveying mechanism.
Further, it is preferred that, the first described mortar forming cavity bottom lengths treat that starching is vertical less than wall brick The length 5-10mm in face, width is less than the width 5-10mm of vertical plane, and the second mortar forming cavity bottom lengths are treated less than wall brick The length 5-10mm of upper surface is starched, width is less than the width 5-10mm that wall brick treats starching upper surface;Such structure, wall brick brick face Upper mortar is stablized the most.
Further, being provided with described the first starching of wall brick portion is used to judge whether wall brick is transported to the starching of wall brick first First positioner in portion;It is designed with being used to judge whether wall brick is transported to wall brick second in described the second starching of wall brick portion Second positioner in slurry portion.
Further, being provided with described the first starching of wall brick portion is used for the first straightening mechanism that wall brick is corrected;Described Being provided with the second starching of wall brick portion is used for the second straightening mechanism that wall brick is corrected.
Further, the first described conveying mechanism and second conveyor structure include two horizontally disposed supports, frame respectively If the first transmission mechanism, the second transmission mechanism on two stands and be located at stent outer drive transmission device transmission engine Structure, described conveyor surface is on transmission mechanism.
Further, described conveyor surface is by being arranged on the first transmission mechanism, a plurality of conveyings on the second transmission mechanism Support block is constituted.
Further, side wall is provided with before and after described retainer plate, described drive mechanism includes transmission device and driving is filled Put;Described transmission device includes the slide rail being located on mortar at least side wall and on mortar accommodating cavity at least side wall Sliding block, described sliding block drives sliding block mortar accommodating cavity is slided on retainer plate on slide rail, and by drive device;Institute The drive device stated is Rodless cylinder, mortar accommodating cavity is moved reciprocatingly on slide rail by Rodless cylinder.
Further, the described retainer plate left and right sides is provided with mortar recovering mechanism, and described mortar recovering mechanism includes Being connected with one push pedal on retainer plate, described push pedal makes push pedal reciprocating drive device on retainer plate;Institute The drive device stated includes a push rod and motor, described push rod one end connection motor, other end connection push pedal.
Further, described switching mechanism includes mounting bracket, upset Power Component, rotating shaft, bearing block, sliding block, turned over Pivoted frame and slide rail;Described upset Power Component is arranged on below mounting bracket, for driving rollover stand to rotate;Described rotating shaft Two ends, which are installed, sets two sliding blocks in the middle part of bearing block, rotating shaft, bearing block is fixed on second conveyor structure;Described rollover stand is in L Type, the long side of rollover stand L-type is fixedly arranged in the middle of slide rail, and described slide rail is arranged in sliding block, rollover stand L-type short side and upset power Component touch;The L-type short side of described rollover stand and the conveyor surface of the first conveying mechanism in the same horizontal line, overturn L after 90 ° The conveyor surface of the long side of type and second conveyor structure is in same level.
Further, described linked network mechanism include bracket component, electric machine assembly and translation component, the translation component and Electric machine assembly is arranged on the bracket component;Also include grasping mechanism, the grasping mechanism include be sequentially connected crawl arm, Linear electric motors or telescopic cylinder, sucker fixed block and with some electromagnet suckers being fixed on sucker fixed block, linear electric motors Or telescopic cylinder is provided with the push rod of a linear motion, described fixed mount crawl arm one end is movably connected on translation component, separately One end is connected with linear electric motors or telescopic cylinder, and described sucker fixed block is connected with the push rod of linear electric motors or telescopic cylinder, Described electromagnet sucker is arranged on below sucker fixed block..
Present invention additionally comprises by the method for sizing on mortar in brick vertical plane and upper surface, it is characterised in that:Using above-mentioned The starching machine that mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and upper surface carry out starching, also comprise the following steps:
Step 1:The wall brick of vertical display is delivered to behind the first starching of wall brick portion by the first conveying mechanism, and the first conveying mechanism stops Conveying;
Step 2:Linked network mechanism hangs the hanging net of shaping to wall brick vertical plane top;
Step 3:Lowering or hoisting gear drives the first starching portion to rise, and the face for making wall brick hang with hanging net is close to mortar shaping boss;
Step 4:The mortar accommodating cavity that mortar is filled with automatic sizing mechanism is run to the first mortar feed opening, and mortar passes through Mortar is uniformly put on the wall brick vertical plane for hanging with hanging net by one mortar feed opening, and lowering or hoisting gear declines;
Step 5:Wall brick is delivered to switching mechanism by the first conveying mechanism, realizes 90 ° of upsets to second conveyor structure wall brick;
Step 6:The wall brick kept flat is delivered to behind the second starching of wall brick portion by second conveyor structure, and second conveyor structure stops defeated Send;
Step 7:Lowering or hoisting gear drives the second starching portion to rise, and wall brick upper surface is close to mortar shaping boss;
Step 8:The mortar accommodating cavity that mortar is filled with automatic sizing mechanism is run to the second mortar feed opening, and mortar passes through Mortar is uniformly put on wall brick and is uniformly put on wall brick upper surface by two mortar feed openings, and then realizes that mortar is uniformly put on wall brick upper table Mortar on face, lowering or hoisting gear declines, then is transported by second conveyor structure to next process.
Using above-mentioned technical proposal, mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and the starching machine and method for sizing of upper surface, will Wall brick convey and starching organically combines, can realize automatically transmission, vertical plane linked network, vertical plane starching, overturn and on Surface size, and have the advantages that operational efficiency is high, stable.
Brief description of the drawings
Mortar is uniformly put on brick vertical plane and the starching machine schematic diagram 1 of upper surface by Fig. 1 to be of the present invention;
Mortar is uniformly put on brick vertical plane and the starching machine schematic diagram 2 of upper surface by Fig. 2 to be of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is wall brick automatic sizing mechanism structure schematic diagram 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is wall brick automatic sizing mechanism structure schematic diagram 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is mortar forming slurry schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is mortar accommodating cavity schematic diagram 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is mortar accommodating cavity schematic diagram 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is wall brick conveying mechanism structural representation Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is wall brick conveying mechanism structural representation Fig. 2 of the present invention;
Figure 10 is wall brick conveying mechanism structural representation Fig. 3 of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the first transmitting device structural representation of the present invention;
Figure 12 is chain-drive mechanism structural representation of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the switching mechanism schematic diagram described in invention;
Figure 14 is the switching mechanism schematic diagram decomposing schematic representation described in invention;
Figure 15 is the structural representation of switching mechanism one angle of upset described in invention;
Figure 16 for Figure 15 A to schematic diagram;
Figure 17 is that the switching mechanism described in invention turns over the structural representation turning 90 degrees;
Figure 18 for Figure 17 B to schematic diagram;
Figure 19 is linked network structural scheme of mechanism of the present invention;
Figure 20 is Figure 19 front view;
Figure 21 is grasping mechanism structural representation;
Figure 22 is hanging net schematic diagram;
Figure 23 is the wall brick schematic diagram for hanging up properly hanging net.
Embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description, the present invention will be further described.
As shown in Figure 1-2, it is of the present invention that mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and the starching machine of upper surface, including certainly Dynamic starching mechanism, linked network mechanism 5 and conveying mechanism 4, automatic sizing mechanism include the sand for being used to hold mortar of a up/down perforation Starch accommodating cavity 1 and retainer plate 2;
Wherein, as shown in fig. 3 to 7, mortar accommodating cavity 1 is located at retainer plate 2 in automatic sizing mechanism, and retainer plate 2 is provided with the first sand Starching the mortar feed opening 26 of feed opening 21 and second also includes a transmission mechanism 22, and described mortar accommodating cavity 1 passes through transmission mechanism 22 move reciprocatingly on retainer plate 2;The surrounding of first mortar feed opening 21 at the described back side of retainer plate 2 is convexly equipped with downwards first Mortar is molded boss 23;The surrounding of second mortar feed opening 26 is convexly equipped with downwards the second mortar shaping boss 27;First mortar is molded Formed between boss 23, the first mortar feed opening 21 with the first mortar forming cavity 28;Under second mortar shaping boss 26, the second mortar Formed between material mouth 27 with the first mortar forming cavity 29;The described bottom lengths of the first mortar forming cavity 28 are treated less than or equal to wall brick 3 The length of starching vertical plane, width be less than or equal to equal to vertical plane width, the bottom lengths of the second mortar forming cavity 29 be less than etc. In the length that starching upper surface is treated equal to wall brick 3, width is less than or equal to be equal to the width that wall brick treats starching upper surface.As preferred Mode, the first described mortar forming cavity bottom lengths are less than the length 5-10mm that wall brick treats starching vertical plane, and width, which is less than, to hang down The width 5-10mm faced directly, the second mortar forming cavity bottom lengths are less than the length 5-10mm that wall brick treats starching upper surface, width Less than the width 5-10mm that wall brick treats starching upper surface;Mortar on such structure, wall brick brick face is stablized the most.So, When wall brick rises, mortar shaping boss can be close to, and preferred, as shown in figure 5, the first mortar forming cavity 28(Second The structure of mortar forming cavity 29 is same)Section be trapezium structure, and then make mortar on brick face be trapezium structure, the most surely It is fixed.
Further, the inner bottom part of mortar accommodating cavity 1 is used to shakeout the rotating roller 13 of mortar provided with least one, so can be with Holding flatness is shakeout in the rolling for making the mortar for being put on brick face be kept by rotating roller 103, beneficial to the block of follow-up automatic brick laying machine Brick;Or mortar shakeouts to use and sets squeegee 17 in mortar accommodating cavity both sides, by the motion repeatedly of squeegee 17 come real The purpose that now mortar is shakeout, the material of hanging plate 17 is preferably elastic material, squeegee 17 preferably with the side wall of mortar accommodating cavity 1 With an angle of inclination, angle of inclination is more than 0 °, less than or equal to 90 °, preferably 30 ° -60 °.Effect preferably is shakeout in order to realize, It can also simultaneously be set using squeegee 17 and rotating roller 13, poly- flitch 16 can also be set in squeegee both sides, for collecting It is scattered in the mortar of both sides.
Further, the described outer wall of mortar accommodating cavity 1 is provided with least one vibrating mechanism 14, such as vibrating disk.
Further, agitating unit 11 includes an impeller axle 110 being connected in stirring driving machine structure, described impeller axle On be provided with rotary blade 111;A fixed seat 15 is provided with mortar accommodating cavity 1, the other end plug-in type of impeller axle 110 is flexibly connected In in fixed seat 15.
Further, side wall 24 is provided with before and after described retainer plate 2, drive mechanism 22 includes transmission device and drive device (It is not shown);Described transmission device include slide rail 241 on the mortar at least side wall 24 and located at mortar accommodating cavity 1 to Sliding block 242 on few side wall, described sliding block 242 drives sliding block 242 to make sand on slide rail 241, and by drive device Slurry accommodating cavity 1 is slided on retainer plate 2;It is preferred that, drive device is Rodless cylinder, makes mortar accommodating cavity 1 by Rodless cylinder Moved reciprocatingly on slide rail 241.
Further, the described left and right sides of retainer plate 2 is provided with mortar recovering mechanism 25, and mortar recovering mechanism 25 includes one Being connected with push pedal 251 on retainer plate, described push pedal makes the reciprocating drive device on retainer plate of push pedal 251 252。
As seen in figs. 8-10, conveying mechanism 4, including the first conveying mechanism 41 and second conveyor structure 43, described first It is provided between conveying mechanism 41 and second conveyor structure 43 and brick is overturn 90 °, and the wall brick after upset is delivered to the second tipper The switching mechanism 42 of structure 43;Conveyor surface of the conveyor surface of described second conveyor structure 43 highly higher than the first conveying mechanism 41 is high Degree, along straight line and be arranged in parallel between two conveyor surfaces;The first described conveying mechanism 41 is provided with the first starching of wall brick portion 415, the Two conveying mechanisms 43 are provided with the second starching of wall brick portion 431, and described the first starching of wall brick portion 416 is located at the first mortar feed opening Immediately below 21, described the second starching of wall brick portion 431 is immediately below the second mortar feed opening 26;The described starching of wall brick first Portion 415 and the bottom of the second starching of wall brick portion 435 are provided with lowering or hoisting gear 44, and described lowering or hoisting gear 44 is used to control wall brick first Slurry portion and the second starching of wall brick portion, which rise, makes wall brick be close to mortar shaping boss 23, controlled after starching is good wall brick the first starching portion with The second starching of wall brick subordinate drop can conveying mechanism.
Further, being provided with the first starching of wall brick portion 415 is used to judge whether wall brick is transported to the first starching of wall brick portion 415 the first positioner 4151;It is designed with being used to judge whether wall brick is transported to wall in described the second starching of wall brick portion 435 Second positioner 435 in the second starching of brick portion 435;Being provided with described the first starching of wall brick portion 415 is used for what wall brick was corrected First straightening mechanism 4152;Being provided with described the second starching of wall brick portion 435 is used for the second straightening mechanism 435 that wall brick is corrected; After wall brick is delivered to starching portion on the conveyor, transport is determined if in place by customizing device, after determining, Conveying stops, and starts follow-up action, and positioner can be locating piece, sensor etc.;And in order to prevent wall brick convey when Wait position not ajust, apparatus for correcting is set in starching portion, reach wall brick and rear starching is ajusted behind starching portion, straightening device can be with For structures such as the projections in starching portion, it is ajusted principle and is, when wall brick run to starching portion also not completely in place when, lifting Device promotes starching portion somewhat to rise, and wall brick can realize remedial action automatically due to the stop of apparatus for correcting.
Further, as depicted in figs. 11-12, the first conveying mechanism 41(Second conveyor structure and the first conveying mechanism structure It is identical)Including two horizontally disposed supports 411, and the transmission mechanism that is erected between two stands and the driving for being located at stent outer The actuating unit 413 of transmission mechanism transmission;Wherein, transmission mechanism is chain-drive mechanism 412(Can also be tooth transmission mechanism, chain Transmission mechanism, tape handler or tooth form tape handler);As shown in figure 12, chain-drive mechanism 412 includes:With actuating unit 413 connected drive shafts 4121 and 2 are mounted on the transmission chain wheel set 4122 on support 411, described transmission chain wheel set 4122 Constituted by drive sprocket 41221, conveyor chain 41222, by movable sprocket 41223, drive sprocket 41221 is installed in drive shaft On 4121, back-end support is installed in by movable sprocket 41223, conveyor chain 41222 hangs on drive sprocket 41221 and by movable sprocket On 41223, it is evenly equipped with every group of conveyor chain 41222 between a plurality of conveying support blocks 4141, conveying support block 4141 and forms wall The conveyor surface 414 of brick.
Further, as illustrated in figs. 13-14, switching mechanism 42 include mounting bracket 421, upset Power Component 422, Rotating shaft 423, bearing block 424, sliding block 425, rollover stand 426 and slide rail 427.
Upset Power Component 422 is arranged on the lower section of mounting bracket 421, for driving rollover stand 426 to rotate, 423 liang of rotating shaft Bearing block 424 is installed at end, and the middle part of rotating shaft 423 sets two sliding blocks 425, and bearing block 424 is fixed on the second turning device 43.
Rollover stand 426 is L-shaped, and the first right-angle side of L-type 4261 of rollover stand 426 is fixedly arranged in the middle of slide rail 427.Slide rail 427 In sliding block 425, the second right-angle side of L-type 62 of rollover stand 426 is contacted with upset Power Component 422, and is conveyed with first The conveyor surface of mechanism 41 in the same horizontal line, overturns the conveying of the first right-angle side of L-type 4261 and second conveyor structure 43 after 90 ° Face is in same level;The middle part of the first right-angle side of L-type 4261 is provided with some equidistant fixing holes 42611, slide rail 427 Some positioning holes 4271 of corresponding spacing are set, and slide rail 427 is adjustable to be fixed on any several groups of fixing holes 42611.
Overturning Power Component 422 includes two motor 4221, the one upset upset power arm 4223, two of line shaft 4222, two Actuation arm 4224, two postioning abutments 4225.The two ends for overturning line shaft 4222 are axially connected with two motor 4221 respectively, are overturn The one end of power arm 4223 is hinged with upset line shaft 4222, and the other end is hinged with actuation arm 4224.The end of actuation arm 4224 with The second right-angle side of L-type 4262 of rollover stand 426 is contacted, and two postioning abutments 4225 are located at two upset power arm 4223 sides respectively.
With reference to shown in Figure 16, for the ease of the upset of wall brick, wall brick side length b is less than or equal to the right angle of L-type first of rollover stand The length on side 4261, wall brick length of side a is less than or equal to the length of the second right-angle side of L-type 4262 of rollover stand 6.Wherein wall brick side length b Corresponding wall brick side is parallel to the first right-angle side of L-type 4261, and the wall brick side corresponding to wall brick length of side a is straight parallel to L-type second The arm of angle 4262.Rotating shaft 3 is apart from h and the relation of wall brick side length b with the bottom of mounting bracket 1:H=(0.3~0.6) b, this implementation H=0.5b in example.
The course of conveying of conveying device is that wall brick is first delivered on switching mechanism 42 by the first conveying mechanism 41, in conveying During, it can also realize that wall brick is ajusted by the spacing of the first right-angle side of L-type 4261, the original state of rollover stand 426 is figure State shown in 13, the second right-angle side of L-type 4262 is horizontally situated, and wall brick 3 is delivered to rollover stand 426 by the first conveying mechanism 41 On;Then upset Power Component 2 is started, as shown in Figure 15, Figure 16, two motor 4221 driving upset line shaft 4222 rotates, Upset power arm 4223 is rotated with and induced effect arm 4224 rotates, and actuation arm 4224 promotes rollover stand 426 to rotate, at this During, sliding block 425 is moved on slide rail 427, and rollover stand 426 is rotated by 90 °, while wall brick 3 is rotated by 90 °, such as Figure 17,18 It is shown;On the conveyor surface for being delivered to second conveyor structure 43 again, conveyed by second conveyor structure 43, realize the conveying of wall brick Process.
As shown in figs. 19-21, linked network mechanism 5 includes bracket component, the electric machine assembly on bracket component and translation Component, in addition to grasping mechanism, grasping mechanism include crawl arm 510, the telescopic cylinder 513 being sequentially connected(Or use straight-line electric Machine), sucker fixed block 512 and two electromagnet suckers 511, the one end of crawl arm 510 is movably connected on translation component, the other end It is connected with telescopic cylinder 513;Sucker fixed block 12 is connected with the push rod 14 of telescopic cylinder 13, and electromagnet sucker 11 is arranged on sucker The lower section of fixed block 12.
Bracket component is fixed including motor fixing frame 52, the first fixed plate 58 and second being fixed on motor fixing frame 52 Plate 53.Electric machine assembly includes motor 51 and is fixed in the shaft coupling 59 of motor shaft end.Translating component includes sliding block 54, sliding block positioning Block 55, screw mandrel 56, two guide rails 57.Parallel the first fixed plate 58 and second laid and be fixed on bracket component of two guide rails 57 Between fixed plate 53.Sliding block 54 can be slided through leading screw 56 and guide rail 57 on leading screw 56 and guide rail 57.Sliding block locating piece 55 It is fixed on sliding block 54.
During linked network, grasping mechanism is moved to hanging net 6(As shown in figure 22)Top, hanging net 6 includes silk screen body, silk screen Body is provided with a mortar pressure surface 600, and the described both sides of mortar pressure surface 600 are bent with bending side, wherein bending side formation sand Weight-bearing surface 601 is starched, a bending side end is bent with a parallel surface 602 parallel with mortar pressure surface, described parallel surface 602 in addition End is bent with a vermicelli 603, has an angle [alpha], and 45 °≤α≤75 ° between described vermicelli 603 and parallel surface 602.It is flexible The control push rod 514 of cylinder 513 is extended downwardly from, and electromagnet sucker 511 is moved downward, and electromagnet sucker 511 is powered with absorption after magnetic Hanging net.Then the control of telescopic cylinder 513 push rod 514 shrinks, and hanging net 6 is adsorbed to top.Motor 51 drives leading screw 56 to revolve Turn, the translation motion between screw mandrel 56 and guide rail 57 of sliding block 54, hanging net is moved to above the wall brick overturn, telescopic cylinder 513 Control push rod 514 is extended downwardly from, and electromagnet sucker 511 is moved downwardly on wall brick, and the last power-off of electromagnet sucker 511 demagnetization is simultaneously Release hanging net mortar linked network 6 is hung to the vertical plane of wall brick 3(As shown in figure 23), realize whole automation crawl and linked network process. After linked network, mortar silo 301 is formed between the end face of mortar linked network 6 and the vertical plane of wall brick 3, prevents mortar from dropping, described hanging net is hung Face 603 is mounted on the upper surface of wall brick 3, and parallel surface 602 is close to the vertical plane of wall brick 6, and described mortar pressure surface 500 and wall brick 3 hang down Mortar silo 301 is formed between the end face faced directly, described weight-bearing surface 301 is used to support mortar, and mortar silo 301 is highly preferred is 0.9mm, is easy to subsequently lay bricks.
Further, silk screen body is, with flexible silk screen, such as to have flexible plastic silk screen or woven wire, wire Steel wire is elected in network optimization as, and most preferably galvanized steel wire netting effectively can prevent silk screen from getting rusty.The grid of described silk screen body 1 is big Small is 15mm*15mm-25mm*25mm, and the line footpath of described silk screen body is 1.0mm-1.5mm, using this size, hanging effect It is really best.
The step of starching machine of the present invention that mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and upper surface carries out wall brick starching For:
Step 1:The wall brick of vertical display is delivered to behind the first starching of wall brick portion by the first conveying mechanism, and the first conveying mechanism stops Conveying;
Step 2:Linked network mechanism hangs the hanging net of shaping to wall brick vertical plane top;
Step 3:Lowering or hoisting gear drives the first starching portion to rise, and the face for making wall brick hang with hanging net is close to mortar shaping boss;
Step 4:The mortar accommodating cavity that mortar is filled with automatic sizing mechanism is run to the first mortar feed opening, and mortar is due to certainly By falling bodies, mortar is uniformly put on by mortar by the first mortar feed opening to be hung with hanging leader brick vertical plane, is moved repeatedly several After secondary, mortar fills up the cavity mortar forming cavity on wall brick surface, mortar shaping boss and the first mortar feed opening composition, in this mistake Cheng Zhong, by cavity and the motion repeatedly for shakeouing mechanism of mortar accommodating cavity, the mortar smeared to wall brick is realized and shakeout, is completed The starching of wall brick vertical plane is acted, and lowering or hoisting gear declines;
Step 5:Wall brick is delivered to switching mechanism by the first conveying mechanism, and wall brick is realized into 90 ° of upsets, to second conveyor structure, are turned over After turning over, wall brick vertical plane on mortar due to the presence of hanging net, do not fall out,;
Step 6:The wall brick kept flat is delivered to behind the second starching of wall brick portion by second conveyor structure, and second conveyor structure stops defeated Send;
Step 7:Lowering or hoisting gear drives the second starching portion to rise, and wall brick upper surface is close to mortar shaping boss;
Step 8:The mortar accommodating cavity that mortar is filled with automatic sizing mechanism is run to the second mortar feed opening, and mortar is due to certainly By falling bodies, mortar is uniformly put on wall brick by mortar by the second mortar feed opening, and after moving several times repeatedly, mortar fills up wall brick The cavity mortar forming cavity on surface, mortar shaping boss and the second mortar feed opening composition, it is accommodating by mortar during this The cavity of chamber and the motion repeatedly for shakeouing mechanism, the mortar on up to wall brick is realized and shakeout, and is completed the starching of wall brick vertical plane and is moved Make, lowering or hoisting gear declines, then is transported by second conveyor structure to next process.
In wall brick sizing process, the mortar being scattered to retainer plate both sides can also be realized back by mortar recovering mechanism Receive, the functions such as isolation and the infiltration of mortar are overturn by the stirring of the agitating unit in mortar accommodating cavity.In course of conveying, also Starching again after brick face can be corrected by apparatus for correcting.
Although specifically showing and describing the present invention with reference to preferred embodiment, those skilled in the art should be bright In vain, do not departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention that appended claims are limited, in the form and details to this hair It is bright to make a variety of changes, it is protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and the starching machine of upper surface, including automatic sizing mechanism, linked network mechanism and conveying Mechanism, it is characterised in that:
Described automatic sizing mechanism includes the mortar accommodating cavity for being used to hold mortar of a up/down perforation, and described mortar is housed Chamber is on a retainer plate, and described retainer plate is provided with the first mortar feed opening and the second mortar feed opening;Also include one to pass Motivation structure, described mortar accommodating cavity is moved reciprocatingly by transmission mechanism on retainer plate;The of described retainer back One mortar feed opening surrounding is convexly equipped with downwards the first mortar shaping boss, and the second mortar material mouth surrounding is convexly equipped with downwards the second mortar It is molded boss;Forms the first mortar forming cavity between described first mortar shaping boss, the first mortar feed opening, the second mortar into Form the second mortar forming cavity between type boss, the second mortar feed opening, the first described mortar forming cavity bottom lengths are less than etc. The length of starching vertical plane is treated in wall brick, width is less than or equal to the width of vertical plane, and the second mortar forming cavity bottom lengths are less than Equal to the length that wall brick treats starching upper surface, width is less than or equal to the width that wall brick treats starching upper surface;
Described linked network mechanism is used to the hanging net of shaping being positioned over wall brick vertical plane;
Described conveying mechanism includes the first conveying mechanism and second conveyor structure, the first described conveying mechanism and the second conveying Brick is overturn 90 ° by inter-agency be provided with, and the wall brick after upset is delivered to the switching mechanism of the second switching mechanism;Described second The conveyor surface of conveying mechanism is highly higher than between the conveyor surface height of the first conveying mechanism, two conveyor surfaces along straight line and be arranged in parallel; The first described conveying mechanism is provided with the first starching of wall brick portion, and second conveyor structure is provided with the second starching of wall brick portion, described The first starching of wall brick portion immediately below the first mortar feed opening, described the second starching of wall brick portion is located at the second mortar blanking Immediately below mouthful;Described wall brick the first starching portion and wall brick the second starching subordinate portion are provided with lowering or hoisting gear, described lowering or hoisting gear Wall brick is close to mortar shaping boss for controlling wall brick the first starching portion and the second starching of wall brick portion to rise, controlled after the completion of starching Wall brick the first starching portion processed and wall brick the second starching subordinate are down to conveying mechanism.
2. according to claim 1 be uniformly put on mortar brick vertical plane and the starching machine of upper surface, it is characterised in that:Institute Being provided with the first starching of the wall brick portion stated is used to judge whether wall brick is transported to first positioner in the first starching of wall brick portion;Institute It is designed with the second starching of the wall brick portion stated for judging whether wall brick is transported to second positioner in the second starching of wall brick portion.
3. according to claim 1 or 2 be uniformly put on mortar brick vertical plane and the starching machine of upper surface, its feature exists In:Being provided with described the first starching of wall brick portion is used for the first straightening mechanism that wall brick is corrected;Described the second starching of wall brick portion In be provided be used for wall brick correct the second straightening mechanism.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 be uniformly put on mortar brick vertical plane and the starching machine of upper surface, its feature exists In:The first described conveying mechanism and second conveyor structure include respectively two horizontally disposed supports, set up on two stands the One transmission mechanism, the second transmission mechanism and be located at stent outer drive transmission device transmission actuating unit, described conveying Face is on transmission mechanism.
5. according to claim 4 be uniformly put on mortar brick vertical plane and the starching machine of upper surface, it is characterised in that:Institute The conveyor surface stated is constituted by being arranged on the first transmission mechanism, a plurality of conveying support blocks on the second transmission mechanism.
6. according to claim 1 or 2 be uniformly put on mortar brick vertical plane and the starching machine of upper surface, its feature exists In:Side wall is provided with before and after described retainer plate, described drive mechanism includes transmission device and drive device;Described transmission dress Put including the slide rail on mortar at least side wall and the sliding block on mortar accommodating cavity at least side wall, described sliding block Sliding block is driven mortar accommodating cavity is slided on retainer plate on slide rail, and by drive device;Described drive device is Rodless cylinder, makes mortar accommodating cavity be moved reciprocatingly on slide rail by Rodless cylinder.
7. according to claim 1 or 2 be uniformly put on mortar brick vertical plane and the starching machine of upper surface, its feature exists In:The described retainer plate left and right sides is provided with mortar recovering mechanism, and described mortar recovering mechanism includes one on retainer plate Push pedal, being connected with described push pedal makes push pedal reciprocating drive device on retainer plate;Described drive device bag Include a push rod and motor, described push rod one end connection motor, other end connection push pedal.
8. according to claim 1 or 2 be uniformly put on mortar brick vertical plane and the starching machine of upper surface, its feature exists In:Described switching mechanism includes mounting bracket, upset Power Component, rotating shaft, bearing block, sliding block, rollover stand and slide rail;It is described Upset Power Component be arranged on below mounting bracket, for driving rollover stand to rotate;Bearing block is installed at described rotating shaft two ends, Two sliding blocks are set in the middle part of rotating shaft, and bearing block is fixed on second conveyor structure;Described rollover stand is L-shaped, the long side of rollover stand L-type Slide rail is fixedly arranged in the middle of, described slide rail is arranged in sliding block, and rollover stand L-type short side is contacted with upset Power Component;Described The L-type short side of rollover stand and the conveyor surface of the first conveying mechanism in the same horizontal line, the long side of L-type and second defeated after 90 ° of upset The conveyor surface of mechanism is sent in same level.
9. according to claim 1 or 2 be uniformly put on mortar brick vertical plane and the starching machine of upper surface, its feature exists In:Described linked network mechanism includes bracket component, electric machine assembly and translation component, and the translation component and electric machine assembly are arranged on On the bracket component;Also include grasping mechanism, the grasping mechanism includes crawl arm, the linear electric motors or flexible being sequentially connected Cylinder, sucker fixed block and with some electromagnet suckers being fixed on sucker fixed block, set on linear electric motors or telescopic cylinder There is the push rod of a linear motion, described fixed mount crawl arm one end is movably connected on translation component, the other end and linear electric motors Or telescopic cylinder is connected, described sucker fixed block is connected with the push rod of linear electric motors or telescopic cylinder, and described electromagnet is inhaled Disk is arranged on below sucker fixed block.
10. mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and the method for sizing of upper surface, it is characterised in that:Appointed using claim 1-9 The starching machine progress starching that mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and upper surface described in one claim, in addition to following step Suddenly:
Step 1:The wall brick of vertical display is delivered to behind the first starching of wall brick portion by the first conveying mechanism, and the first conveying mechanism stops Conveying;
Step 2:Linked network mechanism hangs the hanging net of shaping to wall brick vertical plane top;
Step 3:Lowering or hoisting gear drives the first starching portion to rise, and the face for making wall brick hang with hanging net is close to mortar shaping boss;
Step 4:The mortar accommodating cavity that mortar is filled with automatic sizing mechanism is run to the first mortar feed opening, and mortar passes through Mortar is uniformly put on by one mortar feed opening is hanging with the wall brick vertical plane of hanging net, and lowering or hoisting gear declines;
Step 5:Wall brick is delivered to switching mechanism by the first conveying mechanism, and wall brick is realized 90 ° of upsets to second defeated by switching mechanism Send mechanism;
Step 6:The wall brick kept flat is delivered to behind the second starching of wall brick portion by second conveyor structure, and second conveyor structure stops defeated Send;
Step 7:Lowering or hoisting gear drives the second starching portion to rise, and wall brick upper surface is close to mortar shaping boss;
Step 8:The mortar accommodating cavity that mortar is filled with automatic sizing mechanism is run to the second mortar feed opening, and mortar passes through Mortar is uniformly put on wall brick upper surface by two mortar feed openings, lowering or hoisting gear decline, then by second conveyor structure transport to Next process.
CN201710393152.6A 2017-05-27 2017-05-27 Mortar is uniformly put on to brick vertical plane and the starching machine and method for sizing of upper surface Pending CN107013043A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108560557A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-09-21 庄平凡 A kind of river builds gap processing and pours device
CN108999377A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-12-14 廖鑫 A kind of building tiling rotatably smears equipment with cement
CN110185236A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-08-30 广东博智林机器人有限公司 A kind of linked network fills out slurry equipment and linked network Tian Jiang robot
CN110259055A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-09-20 广东博智林机器人有限公司 A kind of linked network Tian Jiang robot
CN110259149A (en) * 2018-07-02 2019-09-20 厦门华蔚物联网科技有限公司 A kind of brick face humidifier and the printing paste robot for applying it
CN111519919A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-08-11 广东博智林机器人有限公司 Bricklaying mechanism

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108560557A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-09-21 庄平凡 A kind of river builds gap processing and pours device
CN110259149A (en) * 2018-07-02 2019-09-20 厦门华蔚物联网科技有限公司 A kind of brick face humidifier and the printing paste robot for applying it
CN110259149B (en) * 2018-07-02 2021-05-11 厦门华蔚物联网科技有限公司 Brick surface humidifying device and paste printing robot applying same
CN108999377A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-12-14 廖鑫 A kind of building tiling rotatably smears equipment with cement
CN110185236A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-08-30 广东博智林机器人有限公司 A kind of linked network fills out slurry equipment and linked network Tian Jiang robot
CN110259055A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-09-20 广东博智林机器人有限公司 A kind of linked network Tian Jiang robot
CN111519919A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-08-11 广东博智林机器人有限公司 Bricklaying mechanism

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