CN107012637A - Washing machine, washing methods and furnace drying method - Google Patents

Washing machine, washing methods and furnace drying method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107012637A
CN107012637A CN201610061068.XA CN201610061068A CN107012637A CN 107012637 A CN107012637 A CN 107012637A CN 201610061068 A CN201610061068 A CN 201610061068A CN 107012637 A CN107012637 A CN 107012637A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
washing
water
piston plate
clothing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610061068.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刁华利
胡鼎峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen ISO Technology Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
刁华利
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 刁华利 filed Critical 刁华利
Priority to CN201610061068.XA priority Critical patent/CN107012637A/en
Publication of CN107012637A publication Critical patent/CN107012637A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F15/00Washing machines having beating, rubbing or squeezing means in receptacles stationary for washing purposes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F17/00Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, wherein the washing action is effected solely by circulation or agitation of the washing liquid
    • D06F17/04Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, wherein the washing action is effected solely by circulation or agitation of the washing liquid solely by water jets
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F39/00Details of washing machines not specific to a single type of machines covered by groups D06F9/00 - D06F27/00 
    • D06F39/08Liquid supply or discharge arrangements
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F39/00Details of washing machines not specific to a single type of machines covered by groups D06F9/00 - D06F27/00 
    • D06F39/10Filtering arrangements
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F58/00Domestic laundry dryers
    • D06F58/20General details of domestic laundry dryers 

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of washing machine, including upwardly opening staving and bung, a piston plate is provided with staving, staving inner space is divided into the first cavity and the second cavity by piston plate, first cavity and open communication, it also includes being arranged in the first cavity and for hanging the suspension assembly of washing clothing and for making to relatively move above and below piston plate and driving the piston plate around the rotary lifting mechanism of its central rotation when piston plate is moved;Bung has an accommodating cavity, and the bottom surface of bung offers at least one inlet and outlet pipe lines for being provided with and being connected when bung is closed and is open with accommodating cavity at the top of the multiple through holes connected with accommodating cavity, staving.It is compared with the prior art, the clean result of clothing is more preferable.The washing methods that the present invention is provided, fast decontamination process is fast, and clean result more preferably, and can save wash time and electricity consumption.The furnace drying method that the present invention is provided, the washing clothing of hanging and the heat exchange area of steam are big, it is to avoid or reduce friction dress material loss.

Description

Washing machine, washing methods and furnace drying method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of washing machine, washing methods and furnace drying method.
Background technology
The washing machine of prior art is based on roller and rotary drum washing machine, and others still have in rubbing type washing machine and development Ultrasonic washing machine etc., dress material is mainly immersed in washings, added in water certain by the decontamination mode of dress material in heaps The detergent of amount, then carries out mechanical agitation in same bucket washings to a pile dress material, promotes between dress material and bucket wall Fallen after friction or dress material are elevated in heaps beat, with the mode such as bucket wall friction, cause the abrasion of dress material, dress material is mutually twined Around phenomenons such as, deformations, the effect of washing is poor, water consumption is big.
As disclosed in Chinese Patent Application No. 201110048322.X " a kind of rinsing maching ", including washing tub, bung, laundry Plate and drive device;The washing board is installed in the washing tube, and washing tube is divided into the epicoele and cavity of resorption mutually connected; The bung is engaged with the upper port of the washing tube;Bearing of trend of the drive device driving washing board along washing tube Move back and forth.Above-mentioned patent provides a kind of rinsing maching with pressurizing unit, and washed dress material is piled up on washing board, by washing Extruding between the reciprocating motion of clothing plate and bung is by dress material washes clean.Washed dress material piles up laundry and pulled, and dress material is loose The area opened is small, and the exchange area of the fouling products between dress material and clear water is small, thus clean result is poor;And the washing machine does not have Have and wash the circulatory system that clean water filtration is reused, water source consumption is also larger.Such as Chinese Patent Application No. 201410223033.2 Disclosed " a kind of reciprocating extrusion rotating type washing machine ", including outer barrel, outer barrel include first cavity on top and the control of bottom Set in chamber, the first cavity and flange bucket and the transmission mechanism being arranged in flange bucket are set in piston, control chamber.Described piston Transmission mechanism and flange bucket are connected respectively;Described transmission mechanism can pump with piston;Described flange bucket can Drive piston rotation.The invention provides the revolving mode of washing of impeller of a kind of combination piston-type extrusion and existing washing machine, But the invention also inherits the problems such as damage dress material and dress material that impeller rotatably washs are wound, also, the washing machine is not simultaneously The circulatory system reused with the filtering for washing clean water that can save a large amount of water sources.Similarly, what the invention was provided is reciprocal crowded Pressure rotating type washing machine does not break away from the same feature that all kinds of washing machines of prior art have, and washed dress material is all piled up The bottom of first cavity or piston, the surface of washing board, being carried out in one barrel of washings for dress material formation a pile a pile are mechanical Agitation, the decontamination action such as extrude, rub, the area that dress material is loosened in water is small, collision and clothing between dress material and clear water The exchange area of fouling products between material and clear water is small, thus clean result is poor;Also, dress material during decontamination, because of shape The dirt exchange area of dress material in heaps is small, and the fouling products speed for departing from dress material is slow, and the dirt concentration in washings rises slow, clothing Time and water consumption needed for material decontamination also correspondingly increase.
To sum up, the washing machine and washing methods and furnace drying method need badly and propose that a kind of clean result is good, saved water and energy come Solve the above-mentioned problems in the prior art.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of washing machine and washing methods and furnace drying method, it is intended to Solve in the prior art, washing clothing heap binds together, and causes the defect of clean result difference.
A kind of washing machine that the present invention is provided, including upwardly opening staving and the bucket for opening and closing the opening A piston plate is provided with lid, the staving, the staving inner space is divided into the first cavity and second by the piston plate Cavity, first cavity and the open communication, it also includes being arranged in first cavity and for hanging washing clothing The suspension assembly of thing and for make above and below the piston plate relative movement and driven when the piston plate is moved the piston plate around The rotary lifting mechanism of its central rotation, the rotary lifting mechanism is arranged in second cavity;The bung has one Accommodating cavity, the bottom surface of the bung offer be provided with the top of the multiple through holes connected with the accommodating cavity, the staving in The bung closes at least one inlet and outlet pipe lines connected during the opening with the accommodating cavity.
Further, the suspension assembly includes the annular seating being fixed at the top of first cavity and is connected to the ring Shape seat it is upper and can around the annular seating center rotating annulus frame, be provided with the annulus frame and wash many of clothing for hanging Individual suspension member.
Further, the rotary lifting mechanism include being installed in the sleeve of second cavity bottom, be arranged on it is described The force piece for being connected in sleeve and with the bush whorl piston rod, rotary shaft and rotating the rotary shaft, the piston One end of bar is fixed with the piston plate, and the other end is movably set in a rotary shaft;The rotary shaft and the piston rod it Between be provided with the spline structure for making both relatively unrotatable.
Further, the spline structure include be arranged in the rotary shaft and cross section be non-circular connecting portion with And the not rounded for being opened in the upper of the piston rod bottom surface and stretching into and matching with the shape of the connecting portion for the connecting portion Shape hole.
Further, the quantity of the inlet and outlet pipe lines is two, respectively water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, the water inlet pipe One end is located at outside the staving and is provided with a water intaking valve, and one end of the outlet pipe is located at outside the staving and is provided with One outlet valve;The washing machine also include being used for filter assemblies of water filling and for by second chamber in the second cavity Internal water is pumped into the water supply installation in first cavity;The filter assemblies include filter, the tool of the filter There are the first pipeline and second pipe, first pipeline is connected with the outlet pipe, the second pipe connects second chamber Body;The water supply installation includes water pump, and the water pump has the 3rd pipeline being connected with the water inlet pipe.
Further, the outside of the staving is provided with for being filled to the drying that clothing heating is washed in first cavity Put, the drying unit includes cooling piece, the cooling piece have the hot junction that is abutted with the lateral wall of first cavity and A cold end relative with the hot junction, the end face upper cover of the cold end is stamped the container with a condensation chamber;The drying unit Also include being used for being pumped into the vapor in first cavity in the condensation chamber and second cavity that flows back after condensation Interior air exhauster.
Further, the hot junction has the heat conduction end face to the recessed circular arc of the cold end.
A kind of washing methods that the present invention is provided, comprises the following steps:
The decontamination of detergent chemicals is handled, and is first hung washing clothing in the first cavity, then to being noted in the first cavity Enter the washings being mixed to form by cleaning solution and clear water, then drive piston plate within a predetermined range in a rotative pattern up and down reciprocatingly Movement is for several times;When piston plate is moved up, the washings in the first cavity are extruded, the washings after pressurization are through washing clothing Dress material, while destroying the adhesion on dress material between dirt and dress material, reduces the surface tension of water, dirty to wash away cloth fibers gap Dirt;When piston plate is moved down, the washings being extruded outside the first cavity pass back into intracavitary, and the washings of backflow enter one through dress material Dirt on step ground separation dress material;
Dirt dilution is handled, after the washings with dirt are discharged outside the first cavity, to injected clear water in the first cavity, Driving piston plate is moved back and forth up and down for several times in a rotative pattern, the dirt concentration to be adsorbed on dress material and dirt concentration in aqueous After balance, aqueous is extruded outside the first cavity;And
The cleaning treatment of clean water is washed, after driving piston plate is moved down, by the through hole on bung to after dirt dilution processing Washing clothing be sprayed, until the dirt concentration that contains and the dirt concentration washed in clean water are in equilibrium-like on dress material State;Driving piston plate is moved up, and the washing clothing in the first cavity is extruded by the rinsing for washing clean water and piston plate, between cloth fibers Dirt, the washings contained in gap are diluted and washed away by clear water, are then extruded by piston plate outside the cavity of chamber first.
Further, the suspension assembly includes being provided with rotatable annulus frame, the annulus frame and washed for hanging Multiple suspension members of clothing are washed, the annulus frame is driven when the piston plate is moved up and down by washing clothing by the piston plate Rotation.
Further, maximum volume of first cavity in washing process can be adjusted according to the weight of washing clothing It is whole.
A kind of furnace drying method that the present invention is provided, the washing machine provides a drying unit, and the drying unit includes system Cold, the cooling piece is cold with the hot junction with the lateral wall of first cavity abutting and relative with the hot junction one End, the end face upper cover of the cold end is stamped a container, and container has one reclaimed in heating process to heat and aqueous Condensation chamber;
Heat rises the temperature of intracavitary out of hot junction incoming first cavity, washs water contained in the dress material of clothing Liquid flashes to water vapour, and sterilization processing is carried out to dress material;The piston plate is driven to move back and forth up and down in a rotative pattern for several times;
When the piston plate is moved down, the first chamber cavity internal pressure declines, and hangs the washing clothing in first cavity Thing scatters in water vapour, to increase the area of the heat exchange between dress material and water vapour, and the vapourizing temperature of the water of the intracavitary declines, Most gas is water vapour, and water vapour forms saturated vapor pressure in the first cavity, and the fiber of dress material is evaporated by its own Water vapour flatiron;
When the piston plate is moved up, the water vapour outside the first cavity of discharge enters in the condensation chamber, water vapour condensation When liberated heat the hot junction heat recovery is passed to by the cold end.
Further, maximum volume of first cavity in drying course can be adjusted according to the weight of washing clothing It is whole.
Be compared with the prior art, the washing machine that provides of the present invention, piston plate by rotary lifting mechanism in staving above and below Mobile, washing clothing is provided with multiple through holes using suspension assembly hanging in the first cavity, and above suspension assembly, leads to Crossing through hole can be sprayed to the washing clothing of hanging, so, and piston plate is moved so that the first cavity internal volume is become Change, so as to extrude washing clothing, washing clothing and washings and the contact area increase for washing clean water, the washing effect of clothing Fruit is more preferably.
It is compared with the prior art, the washing methods that provides of the present invention, because washing clothing with suspending way is immersed in first In the washings of cavity, washing clothing is dramatically increased and exchanges and is exchanged with washing clean water progress dirt with washings progress dirt Effective area, by being impregnated with, fashion of extrusion washed, realize wash on a small quantity clean water and a small amount of detergent chemicals formation Dirt on clothing will be washed in washings to depart from, fast decontamination process is fast, and clean result more preferably, and can save wash time and use Electricity.
It is compared with the prior art, the furnace drying method that the present invention is provided, the washing clothing and the heat exchange area of steam of hanging Greatly, it is to avoid or friction dress material loss is reduced, accelerate clothes and dry, save time and electricity consumption.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of washing machine provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-sectional view of piston rod provided in an embodiment of the present invention and rotary shaft;
Fig. 3 is the elevational schematic view of bung provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is that the right side of bung provided in an embodiment of the present invention regards schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the left view schematic diagram of bung provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of drying unit provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Main element symbol description
100:Washing machine 1:Shell
11:Bottom plate 2:Support
3:Staving 4:Bung
5:Suspension assembly 6:Rotary lifting mechanism
31:Opening 32:Inner space
1a:Accommodation space 7:Piston plate
71:Sealing ring 3a:First cavity
3b:Second cavity 12:Water inlet pipe
13:Outlet pipe 14:Water intaking valve
15:Outlet valve 51:Annular seating
52:Annulus frame 53:Suspension member
61:Sleeve 62:Piston rod
63:Rotary shaft 64:Force piece
65:Nut seat 631:Connecting portion
621:Non-circular hole 40:Connector
41:Covering part 42:Cover lock
43:Accommodating cavity 44:Inlet opening
45:Apopore 46:Through hole
8:Filter assemblies 81:Filter
82:First pipeline 83:Second pipe
84:Water pump 85:3rd pipeline
9:Drying unit 91:Cooling piece
91a:Hot junction 91b:Cold end
92:Container 93:Condensation chamber
94:Steam inlet 95:Steam (vapor) outlet
96:4th pipeline 97:Heat conduction end face
16:Water inlet pipe 17:Drainage pipeline
18:Overflow pipe 66:Limit sensors
Embodiment
In order that technical problems, technical solutions and advantages to be solved are more clearly understood, tie below Drawings and Examples are closed, the present invention will be described in further detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only used To explain the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention.
The realization of the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with specific accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, the preferred embodiment provided for the present invention.
For sake of convenience, hereinafter the left and right, upper and lower of alleged " left side " " right side " " on " " under " and accompanying drawing in itself to one Cause, but the structure to the present invention does not play restriction effect.
Referring to Fig. 1, the washing machine 100 that the present embodiment is provided, including the shell 1 with a bottom plate 11, for supporting this outer The He of suspension assembly 5 is installed in the support 2 of shell 1, the staving 3 in shell 1 and the bung 4 being connected with shell 1, staving 3 Rotary lifting mechanism 6.
Staving 3, it has an opening 31 upward, and the opening 31 is connected with the inner space 32 of staving 3, and the inside is empty Between 32 circular in cross-section.An accommodation space 1a is defined between the outer wall of staving 3 and the inwall of shell 1.The bottom of shell 1 Portion is in being provided with the water inlet pipe 16 for being connected with water source and the drainpipe for being connected with sewer pipe in accommodation space 1a Road 17.One piston plate 7 for being substantially in horizontal positioned is set in staving 3, and piston plate 7 is by including aluminum metal, plastics etc. are light-duty and tool The material for having certain degree of hardness is made.Sealing ring 71 is installed, sealing ring 71 is soft using conventional graphite etc. on the side wall of piston plate 7 Property material is made, and sealing ring 71 is abutted with the inwall of staving 3, is divided into the inner space 32 of staving 3 by piston plate 7 setting up and down And separate the first cavity 3a and the second cavity 3b, the first cavity 3a are connected with opening 31, washing clothing (not shown) It is placed on by opening 31 in the first cavity 3a, the second cavity 3b is essentially annular seal space.The top of staving 3 is provided with water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe Road, in the present embodiment, the quantity of inlet and outlet pipe lines be but be not limited to two, respectively water inlet pipe 12 and outlet pipe 13, enters One end of water pipe 12 is located in accommodation space 1a and is connected with a water intaking valve 14, and one end of outlet pipe 13 is located in accommodation space 1a And it is connected with an outlet valve 15.
Suspension assembly 5, for hanging washing clothing, it is arranged in the first cavity 3a and positioned at water inlet pipe 12 and outlet pipe 13 lower section.In the present embodiment, suspension assembly 5 includes the annular seating 51 being fixed at the top of the first cavity 3a and is slidably connected at On annular seating 51 and the annulus frame 52 that can freely be rotated around the center of annular seating 51, it is provided with and is hung for washing clothing on annulus frame 52 The multiple suspension members 53 hung, suspension member 53 is the instruments such as hook, lanyard, link that soft material is made, and multiple suspension members 53 can be around annulus frame 52 are provided at circumferentially spaced.
Certainly, some cross bars can be also formed in annulus frame 52, suspension member 53 is fixed on cross bar.
Rotary lifting mechanism 6, for making piston plate be relatively moved about 7 and the piston plate 7 being driven when piston plate 7 is moved Around its central rotation, rotary lifting mechanism 6 is arranged in the second cavity 3b.In the present embodiment, rotary lifting mechanism 6 includes set Cylinder 61, piston rod 62, rotary shaft 63 and force piece 64.Sleeve 61 is fixedly mounted in the second cavity 3b, the bottom of sleeve 61 by Rear support is stretched out on bottom plate 11 in the bottom of staving 3.The top of sleeve 61 is provided with nut seat 65, and the nut seat 65 has screw thread Hole, axis and the axis coaxle of sleeve 61 of the screwed hole are set.Piston rod 62 has the external screw thread coordinated with screwed hole screw thread, living One end of stopper rod 62 is connected with the center of piston plate 7, and the other end is located in sleeve 61 and is movably set in a rotary shaft 63, is revolved The spline structure for making both relatively unrotatable is provided between rotating shaft 63 and piston rod 62, piston rod 62 can only be along rotary shaft 63 Axis slide up and down.Specifically, as shown in Fig. 2 spline structure includes being arranged in rotary shaft 63 and cross section is non-circular Connecting portion 631 and be opened in the upper of the bottom surface of piston rod 62 and for connecting portion 631 stretch into and with the shape phase of connecting portion 631 The non-circular hole 621 matched somebody with somebody, in the present embodiment, the shape of cross section of connecting portion 631 for triangle (of course, it is possible to be polygon, Semicircle, abnormity etc.), to realize the purpose of design for preventing that piston rod 62 and rotary shaft 63 from relatively rotating.Force piece 64, peace In sleeve 61 and positioned at the lower section of rotary shaft 63, force piece 64 is but is not limited to motor, and its output shaft is consolidated with rotary shaft 63 It is fixed to connect and rotary shaft 63 be made to rotate (certainly, rotary shaft 63 can also directly be formed by the output shaft of force piece 64). It is also equipped with two cavity 3b for detecting that piston rod 62 moves the limit sensors 66 of height, to prevent piston rod 62 from removing institute The maximum height of setting or minimum height.So, in the presence of force piece 64, rotary shaft 63 drives piston rod 62 around piston rod 62 axis is rotated, and is coordinated when piston rod 62 is rotated by its screw thread between nut seat 65, is made piston rod 62 in its axis Relatively move up and down.When piston rod 62 is moved up, promote 7 couple of first cavity 3a of piston plate to extrude, make the first chamber Body 3a volume changes from the maximum volume of setting to the minimum volume of setting;When piston rod 62 is moved down, band piston Plate 7 is moved down, and the first cavity 3a volume is changed from the minimum volume of setting to the maximum volume of setting.
Referring to Fig. 1,3 to 5, bung 4 is connected to the top of shell 1 by a connector 40 and opening and closing may be selected and opens Mouth 31, connector 40 is that can realize that bung 4 is connected with shell 1 and can realize that the opposite shell 1 of bung 4 is rotated in the prior art A connection piece.Bung 4 has the covering part 41 of a protrusion, and when bung 4 is covered downwards, covering part 41 is stretched into the opening 31 To close the opening 31.Cover lock 42 is additionally provided with bung 4, with its closure opening 31, with the lockhole set on shell 1 It is (not shown) to coordinate, so that bung 4 is locked together on shell 1.Bung 4 has to be opened up on an accommodating cavity 43, the side wall of bung 4 There are an inlet opening 44 and an apopore 45, the bottom surface of bung 4 offers the multiple through holes 46 connected with accommodating cavity 43.In bucket During the closure of lid 4 opening 31, the inlet opening 44 of bung 4 is docked and connected with water inlet pipe 12, and apopore 45 is docked simultaneously with outlet pipe 13 Conducting.So, in washing, water intaking valve 14 and outlet valve 15 can be closed, makes to basically form sealing space in the first cavity 3a, when When piston plate 7 is moved up, the first cavity 3a volume reduces gradually, to form the pressurization to liquid in cavity;In blowdown, water outlet Valve 15 is opened, and the solution for being mixed with dirt, spot and cleaning solution flows out from outlet pipe 13;In spray, water intaking valve 14 is opened, clear water Entered by water inlet pipe 12 in accommodating cavity 43, then the washing clothing being pointed to below by through hole 46 is sprayed and rinsed.
In order to improve the utilization rate of water to reach water-saving purpose, washing machine 100 also includes being used for the second chamber The filter assemblies 8 of water filling in body 3b and the water supply installation for being pumped into the water in the second cavity 3b in the first cavity 3a.Cross Filter module 8 includes the filter 81 installed in the bottom of staving 3, in embodiment, and filter 81 has the first pipeline 82 and the Two pipelines 83, the first pipeline 82 is connected with outlet pipe 13, and second pipe 83 connects the second cavity 3b.Flow out washing for the first cavity 3a Wash water and filter 81 is pressed into by the first pipeline 82 by piston plate, the washings formation rinse water of the decontamination after filtering, by the second pipe Send in the second cavity 3b and stored in road 83.To avoid the hypervolia of the second cavity 3b memory storages, on the second cavity 3b top Portion is provided with overflow pipe 18.The filter 81 is preferably the filters 81 such as chalazie, activated carbon, and it has timing automatic reverse The self-cleaning function of flushing pollution discharge, can press the default time, oppositely be entered using the clean water of washing in the second cavity 3b to filter 81 Row discharge is rinsed, and be will be left in sand bed, fouling products, chemicals in active carbon pores etc. are washed away, is discharged by drainpipe.Supply water dress Put including the water pump 84 in the second cavity 3b, water pump 84 has the 3rd pipeline 85 being connected with water inlet pipe 12.In water pump In the presence of 84, dirt is removed in the second cavity 3b, the clean water of washing of detergent chemicals is quickly sent by the 3rd pipeline 85 Enter in the first cavity 3a, for rinse, rinsing the first cavity 3a in hanging wash clothing, dilution dress material absorption dirt and Detergent chemical concentrations.So, the washings containing fouling products, detergent chemicals outside the first cavity 3a of discharge, pass through After filter 81 is filtered, sent back in the first cavity 3a and reused by water pump 84, thus a large amount of water sources, electric energy, time can be saved.
Referring to Fig. 6, the washing machine 100 of the present embodiment also includes being used to heat washing clothing in the first cavity 3a and can The drying unit 9 reclaimed to heat and aqueous, drying unit 9 includes cooling piece 91, and cooling piece 91 is but is not limited to partly Conductor cooling piece, the cooling piece 91 have the hot junction 91a that is contacted with the first cavity 3a lateral wall thermal conductivity and with hot junction 91a A relative cold end 91b.Cold end 91b end face upper cover is stamped a container 92, and the container 92 has a condensation chamber 93, container 92 upper surface offers the steam inlet 94 connected with the condensation chamber 93, and its lower surface offers steam (vapor) outlet 95.Container 92 Steam inlet 94 and outlet pipe 13 connected by the way that valve is (not shown), its steam (vapor) outlet 95 passes through one the 4th pipeline 96 and the Two cavity 3b connections.Drying unit 9 also includes being used to the vapor in the first cavity 3a being pumped into condensation chamber 9393 and cold The air exhauster (not shown) flowed back after solidifying in the second cavity 3b.So, when being heated to the first cavity 3a, water vapour is by going out Water pipe 13, valve enter in container 92, and liquid is formed after condensation, and are flowed into and stored up in the second cavity 3b by the 4th pipeline 96 Deposit;In addition, water vapour liberated heat in condensation passes to its hot junction 91a by the cold end 91b of cooling piece 91, to realize heat Measure the purpose reclaimed.
Further, hot junction 91a have to circular arc recessed cold end 91b heat conduction end face 97, the heat conduction end face 97 with The thermal conductive contact connection of first cavity 3a outside wall surface matching ground, because heat conduction end face 97 is circular arc, therefore heat-conducting area Increase, with preferable heat conduction, heating effect.
The washing methods that the present embodiment is provided, including detergent chemicals decontamination process step, dirt dilution process step With the cleaning treatment step for washing clean water.
When the decontamination of detergent chemicals is handled, washed clothing hanging is free to rotate at the top of the first cavity 3a Annulus frame 52 on, inject a small amount of cleaning solution and a small amount of clear water into the first cavity 3a, form certain density washings, First cavity 3a formation washing cavities.Then piston plate 7 is made (to be set in preset range in a rotative pattern by rotary lifting mechanism 6 Fixed scope) in repeatedly move up and down, during 7 ground upward direction motion of the piston plate, the washings in the first cavity 3a are entered Row extruding, while also driving the annulus frame 52 for being hung with washing clothing to rotate.The certain density washing water saturates washing of the intracavitary The dress material of clothing, the piston plate 7 of washing aqueous passive movement forcibly pressurizes to pass through dress material, comprehensively destroys dirty on dress material Adhesion between dirt and dress material, reduces the surface tension of water, washes away cloth fibers gap dirt, dirt thus disengaging dress material suspension In water or adsorb on dress material.It should be noted that when piston plate 7 is moved upward, a small amount of cleaning solution is extruded into Enter in the accommodating cavity 43 of bung 4.When piston plate 7 is moved downwards, the concentration washings being extruded outside chamber pass back into the intracavitary, The washing aqueous of backflow passes through dress material, the adhesion and the surface tension of reduction water again destroyed between fouling products and dress material, enters Separate dirt on dress material to one step.
When dirt dilutes process step, the work with certain density washings passive movement that clothing absorbs is washed first Seben 7 is squeezed out as best one can, and most of dirt of dress material absorption, which is blended in washings, discharges outside the first cavity 3a, remaining on dress material Dirt have been formed as caducous suspension grain;Then a small amount of clear water are injected into the first cavity 3a, utilizes axial movement up and down Piston plate 7 extruding washing clothing for several times after, after after dirt concentration balance in the dirt and aqueous adsorbed on dress material, by dress material The aqueous of absorption is squeezed out as best one can;Repeat after above dirt dilution step 3 to 5 times, the fouling products on dress material is by mostly Remove clean.
When washing the cleaning treatment step of clean water, piston plate 7 is rotary mobile in downward direction, and the first cavity 3a internal volumes become Greatly, clear water sprays into the intracavitary by bucket top through hole 46, is hung with rinsing in first cavity 3a on the annulus frame 52 of rotation Wash clothing.Wash clothing loose in clear water, the surface area of dress material is dramatically increased, the mixing contained by it is highly concentrated The high concentration washings for crossing dirt pass to and wash the dirt adsorbed on clean water, dress material, detergent concentration and significantly diluted, clothing The dirt concentration contained on material is rapidly in poised state with the dirt concentration that clean water contains of washing of entrance.When the piston plate 7 When rotating up formula motion, the first cavity 3a volume correspondingly diminishes, and the washing clothing of the intracavitary is rinsed by clean water is washed And the extruding of moving piston plate 7, the dirt concentration contained in cloth fibers gap, that detergent chemical concentrations are washed clean water is quick Ground dilutes, washed away, and is then gone out by mobile piston plate 7 with clean hydraulic pressure is washed outside chamber.The rinse water being discharged outside chamber passes through filter It is reused in 81 the second cavity 3b of inflow.When piston plate 7 is rotated down formula motion again, in the second cavity 3b Filtered to wash clean water and rapidly sprayed into by water pump 84 by the water inlet pipe 12 being located in bung 4 in the first cavity 3a, this washes clean Water is rinsed, and rinses the washing clothing of the hanging of the intracavitary, the dirt and detergent chemical concentrations of dilution dress material absorption.Into Aqueous in one cavity 3a is the clean water after dirt and chemicals, the dirt in the substantial amounts of clean water, detergent The dirt that contains of concentration and dress material, when detergent concentration is in poised state, oneself washing of washing clothing in the first cavity 3a Totally.
More particularly, the first cavity 3a volume can be changed by the up and down motion of piston plate 7, thus, this implementation The washing machine 100 that example is provided can selectively adjust the washing capacity needed for the first cavity 3a according to washing loads, that is to say, that When washing 1kg clothings, it can move up piston plate 7 is appropriate so that the maximum volume and 1kg phases of the first cavity 3a washings Adaptation;When washing 10kg clothings, then move down piston plate 7 is appropriate so that the maximum volume of the first cavity 3a washings It is adapted with 10kg.So, by the physical means mode for driving piston plate 7 to move up and down, by the first cavity 3 for washing Volume size be adjusted, make itself and wash clothing weight match, so, clean result can be improved, can saved in addition Cleaning solution and clean water.
The furnace drying method that the present embodiment is provided, starts drying unit 9, and heat is from the semiconductor heat conduction on bucket outer wall In the incoming first cavity 3a of end face 97, the temperature rapid increase in the first cavity 3a is formed to be contained on drying cavity, portion washes clothing Some high temperature aqueous rapidly flash to high-temperature water vapor, and sterilization processing is carried out to dress material.Volume in first cavity 3a passes through The piston plate 7 of rotation type axial motion changes from the minimum volume of setting to the maximum volume of setting, the water of a large amount of high-speed motions Steam molecule becomes the main medium of the heat exchange in the first cavity 3a, rapidly the washing by the heat transfer of wall to intracavitary Clothing.The washing clothing hung on annulus frame 52 scatters in water vapour, is dramatically increased between dress material and high-temperature water vapor Heat exchange area, improve the heat of the internal face of rate of heat exchange and water vapour and the first cavity 3a between dress material and water vapour Exchange rate.When the minimum volume of the first cavity 3a setting changes to its maximum volume set, the pressure in the first cavity 3a Power is correspondingly from maximum pressure to minimum pressure change, and the aqueous vapourizing temperature in the first cavity 3a is correspondingly reduced, clothing Expect that the moisture contained rapidly flashes to low temperature water vapour by the hot cross surface of its large area and the vapourizing temperature of reduction, it is substantial amounts of Water vapour forms saturated vapor pressure in the first cavity 3a, and dress material is hung in the first cavity 3a with saturated vapor pressure, its The fiber of dress material is pressed by its own water vapour evaporated.Then piston plate 7 reversely moves the first cavitys of 3a appearance (i.e. upwards) Product changes from the maximum volume of setting to the minimum volume of setting, and pressure is correspondingly from minimum pressure to maximum in the first cavity 3a Pressure change.First cavity 3a gas outlet (i.e. outlet valve 15) is opened, and the water vapour of intracavitary is discharged outside chamber by outlet pipe 13, Air exhauster, which is started, to be pumped into water vapour in the first cavity 3a in the condensation chamber 93 of container 92, and water vapour is carried out in the condensation chamber 93 Condensation, condenser heat removal process.Its condenser heat and condensed water quilt when being condensed into water into the water vapour in condensation chamber 93 Reclaim.The condenser heat of water vapour passes to the cold end 91b of cooling piece 91, and it is passed to by the cold end 91b of the cooling piece 91 Hot junction 91a, is dramatically increased the hot junction 91a of the semiconductor chilling plate 91 heat.Water is flowed into after Water Sproading after condensed Chamber, for washing.Thus save a large amount of electric energy, water source.When piston reaches the first cavity 3a of setting minimum volume, piston Plate 7 is reversely mobile (i.e. downwards) again, repeats the maximum volume that the minimum volume of the above-mentioned setting from the first cavity 3a is set to it During change, maximum pressure is to the process of the minimum pressure change of setting in the first cavity 3a, and the washing clothing of general quantity exists Oneself is dried by wrinkle-free after repeating above-mentioned clothes drying process several times.
Likewise, in drying course, the clothing amount that the first cavity 3a volume can be according to clothing to be dried is selectively adjusted Drying capacity needed for whole first cavity 3a, that is to say, that when drying 1kg clothings, can by piston plate 7 it is appropriate to moving up It is dynamic so that the maximum volume of the first cavity 3a drying is adapted with 1kg;It is when drying 10kg clothings, then that piston plate 7 is appropriate Move down so that the maximum volume of the first cavity 3a drying is adapted with 10kg.So, moved down by driving on piston plate 7 Dynamic physical means mode, the volume size of the first cavity 3 for drying is adjusted, and makes it with drying the weight of clothing Match, so, drying effect, using electricity wisely can be improved.
The washing methods that the present embodiment is provided has advantages below:
1. because washing clothing is immersed in suspending way in the first cavity 3a washings, first cavity 3a volume Can moving up and down and change by piston plate 7, washing clothing driven in washing when piston plate 7 is moved up and down by piston plate 7 Rotated in water, by being impregnated with, fashion of extrusion washed, realize in washing of washing that clean water and a small amount of detergent chemicals are formed on a small quantity Dirt disengaging on clothing will be washed by washing in water;Fouling products is suspended in concentration washings, and clean water is washed on a small quantity by being segmented to add Progressively dilution is excluded, thus can not only improve the detergency efficiency of washing clothing, and saves a large amount of water sources and detergent;
2. during cleaning, the washing clothing of hanging scatters in water, washing clothing is dramatically increased and clean water progress dirt is washed The effective area that dirt is exchanged;Wash when clothing is rotated and water friction, it is to avoid or the frictional dissipation of dress material is reduced, accelerate washing clothing Decontamination process, thus wash time and a large amount of electric energy can be saved;
3. washings are repeatedly used after being filtered, thus can save a large amount of water sources;
4. 7 pairs of washing clothings of the piston plate moved up and down using rotation mode carry out extrusion dehydration, not only accelerate washing clothing Thing decontamination, dehydration, while also avoiding noise, the vibration produced during the washing clothes dewatering of prior art;
5. sealed first cavity 3a volume can by carrying out stepless change with washing the sealed piston plate 7 of the cavity wall, Therefore can not waste water source, power supply, detergent and wash different amounts of dress material;
6. the washings containing fouling products, detergent chemicals outside discharge washing cavities by piston plate 7 are pressed into filter 81 Middle to be filtered, the washings of the decontamination after filtering are sent back to reuse in the first cavity 3a, thus can save a large amount of water sources, Electric energy, time.
The furnace drying method that the present embodiment is provided has advantages below:
1. in the first cavity 3a of closing, due to water vapour and the cavity wall, the surface of cloth of substantial amounts of high-speed mobile Heat exchange is carried out, water vapour is rapidly by the heat transfer of the first cavity 3a inwalls to dress material, and dress material is hung in the first cavity 3a In, dress material scatters in steam, and its heat exchange area with steam is dramatically increased, it is to avoid or reduction friction dress material loss, Accelerate clothes drying process;
2. when the first cavity 3a is in its minimum volume, the temperature and pressure rapid increase of its intracavitary, washing clothing contain High temperature aqueous and the aqueous vaporization high-temperature steam rapidly to dress material carry out sterilization processing;
3. when the first cavity 3a volume is from small volume to during big volumetric change, hang the washing clothing in the first cavity 3a The heat-exchange surface of the large area that moisture contained by thing passes through its dress material scattered and the corresponding reduction in the first cavity 3a Aqueous vapourizing temperature is rapidly vaporized into the vaporization effect of the heat in water vapour, the first cavity 3a of increase;
4. clothing hanging is washed in the first cavity 3a with saturated vapor pressure, the water vapour that the fiber of dress material is evaporated Flatiron;
5. water vapour is drawn into the condensation chamber 93 of container 92 in the first cavity 3a, the condensed water that water vapour is produced when condensing It is recovered with condenser heat, thus saves a large amount of electric energy and water source.
These are only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Any modification, equivalent substitution or improvement for being made within principle etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (12)

1. a kind of washing machine, including upwardly opening staving and the bung for opening and closing the opening, in the staving A piston plate is provided with, the staving inner space is divided into the first cavity and the second cavity, described first by the piston plate Cavity and the open communication, it is characterised in that also including being arranged in first cavity and for hanging washing clothing Suspension assembly and for make above and below the piston plate relatively move and drive the piston plate around the work when the piston plate is moved The rotary lifting mechanism of seben central rotation, the rotary lifting mechanism is arranged in second cavity;The bung has One accommodating cavity, the bottom surface of the bung is offered to be provided with the top of the multiple through holes connected with the accommodating cavity, the staving At least one inlet and outlet pipe lines connected when the bung closes the opening with the accommodating cavity.
2. washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the suspension assembly includes being fixed on first cavity The annular seating at top and be connected on the annular seating and can around the annular seating center rotating annulus frame, on the annulus frame It is provided with multiple suspension members for hanging washing clothing.
3. washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the rotary lifting mechanism includes being installed in described second The sleeve of cavity bottom, it is arranged in the sleeve and piston rod, rotary shaft is connected with the bush whorl and makes the rotation The force piece of axis of rotation, one end of the piston rod is fixed with the piston plate, and the other end is movably set in a rotary shaft; The spline structure for making both relatively unrotatable is provided between the rotary shaft and the piston rod.
4. washing machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the spline structure includes being arranged in the rotary shaft And cross section for non-circular connecting portion and be opened in the upper of the piston rod bottom surface and for the connecting portion stretch into and with institute State the non-circular hole that the shape of connecting portion matches.
5. washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the quantity of the inlet and outlet pipe lines is two, is respectively Water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, one end of the water inlet pipe are located at outside the staving and are provided with a water intaking valve, the outlet pipe One end is located at outside the staving and is provided with an outlet valve;The washing machine also include being used for water filling in the second cavity Filter assemblies and the water supply installation for being pumped into the water in second cavity in first cavity;The filter group Part includes filter, and the filter has the first pipeline and second pipe, and first pipeline is connected with the outlet pipe, The second pipe connects second cavity;The water supply installation includes water pump, and the water pump has to be connected with the water inlet pipe The 3rd pipeline connect.
6. washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the outside of the staving is provided with for described first The drying unit of washing clothing heating in cavity, the drying unit includes cooling piece, and the cooling piece has and described first A hot junction and a cold end relative with the hot junction that the lateral wall of cavity is abutted, the end face upper cover of the cold end are stamped with one The container of condensation chamber;The drying unit also includes being used to the vapor in first cavity being pumped into the condensation chamber simultaneously The air exhauster flowed back after condensation in second cavity.
7. washing machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the hot junction has to the recessed circular arc of the cold end Heat conduction end face.
8. a kind of washing methods of washing machine according to claim 1, comprises the following steps:
The decontamination of detergent chemicals handle, first will washing clothing hanging in the first cavity, then to injected in the first cavity by The washings that cleaning solution and clear water are mixed to form, then drive piston plate to move back and forth up and down in a rotative pattern within a predetermined range For several times;When piston plate is moved up, the washings in the first cavity are extruded, clothing of the washings after pressurization through washing clothing Material, while destroying the adhesion on dress material between dirt and dress material, reduces the surface tension of water, dirty to wash away cloth fibers gap Dirt;When piston plate is moved down, the washings being extruded outside the first cavity pass back into intracavitary, and the washings of backflow enter one through dress material Dirt on step ground separation dress material;
Dirt dilution is handled, after the washings with dirt are discharged outside the first cavity, to injected clear water in the first cavity, driving Piston plate is moved back and forth up and down for several times in a rotative pattern, the dirt concentration to be adsorbed on dress material and dirt concentration balance in aqueous Afterwards, aqueous is extruded outside the first cavity;And
The cleaning treatment of clean water is washed, after driving piston plate is moved down, by the through hole on bung to washing after dirt dilution processing Wash clothing to be sprayed, until the dirt concentration contained on dress material and the dirt concentration washed in clean water are in poised state; Driving piston plate is moved up, and the washing clothing in the first cavity is extruded by the rinsing for washing clean water and piston plate, cloth fibers gap In contain dirt, washings by clear water dilute and wash away, then by piston plate extrude the cavity of chamber first outside.
9. washing methods according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the suspension assembly includes rotatable annulus frame, Multiple suspension members for hanging washing clothing are provided with the annulus frame, the annulus frame is when the piston plate is moved up and down Rotated by washing clothing and being driven by the piston plate.
10. washing methods according to claim 8 or claim 9, it is characterised in that first cavity in washing process most Big volume can be adjusted according to the weight of washing clothing.
11. a kind of furnace drying method of washing machine according to claim 1, the washing machine provides a drying unit, the baking Equipment for drying includes cooling piece, the cooling piece have the hot junction that is abutted with the lateral wall of first cavity and with the hot junction A relative cold end, the end face upper cover of the cold end is stamped a container, and container has to enter heat and aqueous in heating process The condensation chamber that row is reclaimed;
Heat rises the temperature of intracavitary out of hot junction incoming first cavity, washs aqueous contained in the dress material of clothing and steams Water vapour is sent out into, sterilization processing is carried out to dress material;The piston plate is driven to move back and forth up and down in a rotative pattern for several times;
When the piston plate is moved down, the first chamber cavity internal pressure declines, and the washing clothing hung in first cavity exists Scattered in water vapour, to increase the area of the heat exchange between dress material and water vapour, the vapourizing temperature of the water of the intracavitary declines, big portion Point gas be water vapour, water vapour forms saturated vapor pressure in the first cavity, the water that the fiber of dress material is evaporated by its own Steam ironing;
When the piston plate is moved up, the water vapour outside the first cavity of discharge enters in the condensation chamber, and water vapour is put when condensing The heat gone out passes to the hot junction heat recovery by the cold end.
12. washing methods according to claim 11, it is characterised in that maximum of first cavity in drying course Volume can be adjusted according to the weight of washing clothing.
CN201610061068.XA 2016-01-28 2016-01-28 Washing machine, washing methods and furnace drying method Pending CN107012637A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610061068.XA CN107012637A (en) 2016-01-28 2016-01-28 Washing machine, washing methods and furnace drying method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610061068.XA CN107012637A (en) 2016-01-28 2016-01-28 Washing machine, washing methods and furnace drying method

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108118490A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-05 重庆大学 A kind of washing machine and clothes washing method
CN108538754A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-09-14 南安市耀森智能设备有限公司 A kind of semi-conducting material production technology equipment
CN108796961A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-13 池州市清溪信息技术服务有限公司 A kind of water-conservation washing machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108118490A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-05 重庆大学 A kind of washing machine and clothes washing method
CN108118490B (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-02 重庆大学 A kind of washing machine and clothes washing method
CN108538754A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-09-14 南安市耀森智能设备有限公司 A kind of semi-conducting material production technology equipment
CN108538754B (en) * 2018-03-14 2021-04-27 绍兴奥美电子科技有限公司 Semiconductor material production technical equipment
CN108796961A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-13 池州市清溪信息技术服务有限公司 A kind of water-conservation washing machine

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