CN107006808A - A kind of processing method of banana dilated food - Google Patents

A kind of processing method of banana dilated food Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107006808A
CN107006808A CN201710230089.4A CN201710230089A CN107006808A CN 107006808 A CN107006808 A CN 107006808A CN 201710230089 A CN201710230089 A CN 201710230089A CN 107006808 A CN107006808 A CN 107006808A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
banana
step
food
tank
temperature
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710230089.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁德政
Original Assignee
梁德政
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Priority to CN201710230089.4A priority Critical patent/CN107006808A/en
Publication of CN107006808A publication Critical patent/CN107006808A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23VINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO FOODS, FOODSTUFFS OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
    • A23V2002/00Food compositions, function of food ingredients or processes for food or foodstuffs

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of processing method of banana dilated food, it is related to food processing technology field.The processing method of described banana dilated food, is made expanded banana food, obtained products taste is loose, can melt rapidly, in good taste, easy to digest, easy to maintain using drying and expanding treatment;Described processing method has been maximally maintained the nutrition and local flavor of raw material, and it is with short production cycle, energy utilization rate is high, gained food is rich in a variety of nutriments simultaneously, be conducive to clearing up stomach, promote the metabolism of human body, can be directly as the natural, puffed leisure food of green or breakfast accesary foods, carry and instant, be a kind of economical and practical, health delicious food.

Description

A kind of processing method of banana dilated food

Technical field

The invention belongs to food processing technology field, more particularly to a kind of processing method of banana dilated food.

Background technology

Dilated food is a kind of novel foodstuff that the late sixties occur, and it after pressurization, heating because making raw material in itself Volumetric expansion, internal institutional framework also changed, and is made after processing, shaping.Due to the tissue of this based food Structural porous is fluffy, crisp taste, crisp sweet tea, with certain nutritive value, obtains the favor of many people.

Banana is a kind of fruit that torrid areas is planted extensively, and very popular, banana belongs to heat fruit, contains Abundant protein, fat and fresh water compound, and banana has effects that clearing heat and detoxicating, inducing diuresis to remove edema.Banana it is general with Based on eating raw, but fresh banana is difficult to preserve, perishable;Banana processed goods conversion ratio is low, in process easily brown stain, The fission of color, nutrition and local flavor is caused, the quality of processing banana product is had a strong impact on.Existing banana process technology mainly has Food after vacuum frying, microwave drying, freeze-drying etc., but fried processing can produce harmful material;By micro- Ripple is dried or the product expense input of freeze-drying process is big, is unfavorable for promoting.Banana food after expanding treatment is realized to perfume (or spice) The comprehensive utilization of any of several broadleaf plants raw material, not only instant, nutritious, and is easy to storage, improves economic value, increases operation rate, The wasting of resources for avoiding difficult preserve and causing.

The content of the invention

In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of processing method of banana dilated food.

The present invention is to solve above-mentioned technical problem by the following technical solutions:A kind of processing of banana dilated food Method, comprises the following steps:

Step 1:Raw material is chosen:Selection maturity suitably, without insect pest, nothing is rotted, fresh banana;

Step 2:Remove the peel, go a network, section:After banana is removed the peel, the silk network of banana pulp surrounding is picked, then cut Piece, slice thickness is 2-4mm;

Step 3:Color retention:Banana is cut into slices and is placed in immersion 40-50min progress in the salting liquid that mass percent is 2%-5% Color retention, blanching 1-2min in boiling water is placed in by the banana section after color retention;

Step 4:Drying and processing:Banana is placed in clean stainless steel pallet, the vacuum and low temperature under conditions of temperature is 40 DEG C Dry, kept for 4-5 hours, obtain the banana chips that water content is 2-4%;

Step 5:Milling processing:The banana chips that step 4 is obtained are ground into banaina, Ran Houyong from multifunctional crusher The screen cloth sieving of 100-200 mesh;

Step 6:Raw material premix conjunction is handled:By quality parts ratio, by 35-45 parts of banaina, 1-2 parts of leavening agent, flour 50-70 Part, 15-20 parts of cornstarch, 15-20 parts of maltitol powder and 100-120 parts of water are mixed and stirred for 20-30min, into pasty state;

Step 7:Steam pressure plastotype:The pasty state mixed material that step 6 is obtained is placed in food die, and boiling 15-20 minutes, is treated Cooling produces the blank of forming;

Step 8:Expanding treatment is carried out using bulking equipment:It will be equipped with temperature in the Bulking tank of blank and rise to 80-100 DEG C, pressure The outer atmospheric pressure 0.1-0.2 MPa of Bulking tank are elevated above, the temperature and pressure is kept, stands 10-30min, make blank temperature It is consistent with temperature in the Bulking tank;The swelling temperature is kept, it is swollen that pressure moment in Bulking tank is down into vacuum state progress Change, vacuum is -0.01MPa, expanded 1-3 times;Under the vacuum state, temperature is kept to 65-75 DEG C in reduction Bulking tank The vacuum state makes the water content of the blank be 3-5% with the temperature, and the content is mass percent;Keep described true Under dummy status, temperature in Bulking tank is down to 20-40 DEG C, 15-30min is kept;Recover expanded pressure inside the tank for normal pressure, close swollen Change tank, will be expanded after banana food take out;

Step 9:Cooling, packaging:After cooling, class wrapping is carried out according to shape size, packaging uses nitrogen-filled packaging, produced into The instant banana dilated food of product.

Further, the silk network of banana pulp surrounding is pressed from both sides using bamboo in the step 2 or tweezers are removed.

Further, the color retention in the step 3, it would however also be possible to employ banana section is placed in into mass percent is 10-20min is soaked in 0.2%-0.4% citric acid and the compound colour protecting liquid of 0.1%-0.3% cysteines.

Further, the bulking equipment in the step 8 includes Bulking tank and vacuum tank, and the vacuum tank passes through gas bleeder valve Connected with Bulking tank, the lower end of Bulking tank side is provided with the hatch door passed in and out for material, and the hatch door has seal, described expanded The top of tank is provided with spiral helicine fluid line provided with pressure gauge connection and ftercompction mouthful, the side of Bulking tank, and fluid line is provided with Outlet and entrance.

Compared with prior art, the processing method of banana dilated food provided by the present invention, using drying and expanded place Expanded banana food is made in reason, and obtained products taste is loose, can melt rapidly, in good taste, easy to digest, easy to maintain;Described Processing method has been maximally maintained the nutrition and local flavor of raw material, and with short production cycle, and energy utilization rate is high, simultaneously Gained food is rich in a variety of nutriments, is conducive to clearing up stomach, promotes the metabolism of human body, can be directly as natural , green puffed leisure food or breakfast accesary foods, carry and instant, be a kind of economical and practical, health delicious Food.

Embodiment

The technical scheme in the present invention is clearly and completely described below, it is clear that described embodiment is only A part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained on the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

The processing method of banana dilated food provided by the present invention, comprises the following steps:

Step 1:Raw material is chosen:Selection maturity suitably, without insect pest, nothing is rotted, fresh banana;

Step 2:Remove the peel, go a network, section:After banana is removed the peel, the silk network of banana pulp surrounding is picked using bamboo folder, then Cut into slices, slice thickness is 3mm;

Step 3:Color retention:Banana is cut into slices and is placed in the progress of immersion 40 color retention in the salting liquid that mass percent is 2%, Banana section after color retention is placed in blanching 1min in boiling water;

Step 4:Drying and processing:Banana is placed in clean stainless steel pallet, the vacuum and low temperature under conditions of temperature is 40 DEG C Dry, kept for 4 hours, obtain the banana chips that water content is 3%;

Step 5:Milling processing:The banana chips that step 4 is obtained are ground into banaina, Ran Houyong from multifunctional crusher The screen cloth sieving of 100 mesh;

Step 6:Raw material premix conjunction is handled:By quality parts ratio, 40 parts of banaina, 1 part of leavening agent, 60 parts of flour, corn are formed sediment 100 parts of 15 parts of powder, 15 parts of maltitol powder and water are mixed and stirred for 20min, into pasty state;

Step 7:Steam pressure plastotype:The pasty state mixed material that step 6 is obtained is placed in food die, and boiling 15 minutes, treats cold But the blank of forming is produced;

Step 8:Expanding treatment is carried out using bulking equipment:It will be equipped with temperature in the Bulking tank of blank and rise to 85 DEG C, pressure rises to Higher than the MPa of atmospheric pressure outside Bulking tank 0.1, the temperature and pressure are kept, 20min is stood, makes blank temperature and the Bulking tank Interior temperature is consistent;Keep the swelling temperature, by pressure moment in Bulking tank be down to vacuum state carry out it is expanded, vacuum for- 0.01MPa, expanded 2 times;Under the vacuum state, temperature keeps the vacuum state and institute to 65 DEG C in reduction Bulking tank Stating temperature makes the water content of the blank be 3%, and the content is mass percent;Keep under the vacuum state, by Bulking tank Temperature is down to 35 DEG C, keeps 15min;Recover expanded pressure inside the tank for normal pressure, close Bulking tank, will be expanded after banana food take Go out;

Step 9:Cooling, packaging:After cooling, class wrapping is carried out according to shape size, packaging uses nitrogen-filled packaging, produced into The instant banana dilated food of product.

Bulking equipment in the step 8 includes Bulking tank and vacuum tank, and the vacuum tank passes through gas bleeder valve and Bulking tank Connection, the lower end of Bulking tank side is provided with the hatch door passed in and out for material, and the hatch door has seal, the top of the Bulking tank Provided with pressure gauge connection and ftercompction mouthful, the side of Bulking tank is provided with spiral helicine fluid line, and fluid line is provided with outlet and enters Mouthful.

Above disclosed is only the embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art the invention discloses technical scope in, can readily occur in change or modification, all It should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of processing method of banana dilated food, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Raw material is chosen:Selection maturity suitably, without insect pest, nothing is rotted, fresh banana;
Step 2:Remove the peel, go a network, section:After banana is removed the peel, the silk network of banana pulp surrounding is picked, then cut Piece, slice thickness is 2-4mm;
Step 3:Color retention:Banana is cut into slices and is placed in immersion 40-50min progress in the salting liquid that mass percent is 2%-5% Color retention, blanching 1-2min in boiling water is placed in by the banana section after color retention;
Step 4:Drying and processing:Banana is placed in clean stainless steel pallet, the vacuum and low temperature under conditions of temperature is 40 DEG C Dry, kept for 4-5 hours, obtain the banana chips that water content is 2-4%;
Step 5:Milling processing:The banana chips that step 4 is obtained are ground into banaina, Ran Houyong from multifunctional crusher The screen cloth sieving of 100-200 mesh;
Step 6:Raw material premix conjunction is handled:By quality parts ratio, by 35-45 parts of banaina, 1-2 parts of leavening agent, flour 50-70 Part, 15-20 parts of cornstarch, 15-20 parts of maltitol powder and 100-120 parts of water are mixed and stirred for 20-30min, into pasty state;
Step 7:Steam pressure plastotype:The pasty state mixed material that step 6 is obtained is placed in food die, and boiling 15-20 minutes, is treated Cooling produces the blank of forming;
Step 8:Expanding treatment is carried out using bulking equipment:It will be equipped with temperature in the Bulking tank of blank and rise to 80-100 DEG C, pressure The outer atmospheric pressure 0.1-0.2 MPa of Bulking tank are elevated above, the temperature and pressure is kept, stands 10-30min, make blank temperature It is consistent with temperature in the Bulking tank;The swelling temperature is kept, it is swollen that pressure moment in Bulking tank is down into vacuum state progress Change, vacuum is -0.01MPa, expanded 1-3 times;Under the vacuum state, temperature is kept to 65-75 DEG C in reduction Bulking tank The vacuum state makes the water content of the blank be 3-5% with the temperature, and the content is mass percent;Keep described true Under dummy status, temperature in Bulking tank is down to 20-40 DEG C, 15-30min is kept;Recover expanded pressure inside the tank for normal pressure, close swollen Change tank, will be expanded after banana food take out;
Step 9:Cooling, packaging:After cooling, class wrapping is carried out according to shape size, packaging uses nitrogen-filled packaging, produced into The instant banana dilated food of product.
2. the processing method of banana dilated food as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Banana pulp in the step 2 The silk network of surrounding is pressed from both sides using bamboo or tweezers are removed.
3. the processing method of banana dilated food as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:At color protection in the step 3 Reason, uses banana section being placed in mass percent for 0.2%-0.4% citric acid and the compound shield of 0.1%-0.3% cysteines 10-20min is soaked in color liquid.
4. the processing method of banana dilated food as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Expanded in the step 8 sets Standby to include Bulking tank and vacuum tank, the vacuum tank is connected by gas bleeder valve with Bulking tank, and the lower end of Bulking tank side is provided with confession The hatch door of material turnover, the hatch door has seal, and the top of the Bulking tank is expanded provided with pressure gauge connection and ftercompction mouthful The side of tank is provided with spiral helicine fluid line, and fluid line is provided with outlet and entrance.
CN201710230089.4A 2017-04-10 2017-04-10 A kind of processing method of banana dilated food CN107006808A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710230089.4A CN107006808A (en) 2017-04-10 2017-04-10 A kind of processing method of banana dilated food

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CN204104737U (en) * 2014-08-31 2015-01-21 宁夏海达生物科技开发有限公司 Changing temperature-pressure-difference and puffing equipment
CN104886506A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-09 湖南农业大学 Explosion puffed purple sweet potato crisps at variable temperature and pressure difference and a preparation method thereof
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CN1973643A (en) * 2006-12-18 2007-06-06 中国农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Puffed orange and its production process
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CN102144763A (en) * 2011-03-02 2011-08-10 中国农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Non-fried sweet potato crisps and preparation method thereof
CN102178304A (en) * 2011-06-15 2011-09-14 韩金光 Method for preparing banana juice
CN103798661A (en) * 2012-11-15 2014-05-21 李琳 Preparation method of selenium-enriched puffed banana chips
CN104222887A (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-12-24 中华全国供销合作总社济南果品研究院 Preparation method of whole apple powder
CN204104737U (en) * 2014-08-31 2015-01-21 宁夏海达生物科技开发有限公司 Changing temperature-pressure-difference and puffing equipment
CN104287080A (en) * 2014-10-08 2015-01-21 重庆市双桥区危思科技有限公司 Method for processing expanded granules of bananas
CN106031412A (en) * 2015-03-16 2016-10-19 董志富 Lily puffed food and preparation method thereof
CN104886506A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-09 湖南农业大学 Explosion puffed purple sweet potato crisps at variable temperature and pressure difference and a preparation method thereof
CN105192611A (en) * 2015-11-02 2015-12-30 徐云升 Preparation method of banana puffed food
CN105495449A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-20 广西壮族自治区农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Method for preparing non-fried banana crisp chips

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