CN106995043A - Full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels - Google Patents

Full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106995043A
CN106995043A CN201610052646.3A CN201610052646A CN106995043A CN 106995043 A CN106995043 A CN 106995043A CN 201610052646 A CN201610052646 A CN 201610052646A CN 106995043 A CN106995043 A CN 106995043A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cabin
discharge chambe
full
oil cylinder
feed space
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610052646.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄建波
姚震宇
周宇峰
陆江耀
孟宪龙
袁倚川
穆金才
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ZHANGJIAGANG HAIFENG WATER SURFACE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
ZHANGJIAGANG HAIFENG WATER SURFACE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ZHANGJIAGANG HAIFENG WATER SURFACE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical ZHANGJIAGANG HAIFENG WATER SURFACE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN201610052646.3A priority Critical patent/CN106995043A/en
Publication of CN106995043A publication Critical patent/CN106995043A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/32Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for for collecting pollution from open water
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F5/00Gathering or removal of refuse otherwise than by receptacles or vehicles

Abstract

The limited technical problem of the useful load of the invention for solving cargo ship in the prior art, a solution is provided, the program is specifically related to a kind of full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels, the ship includes being provided with compression set in feed space, discharge chambe, Storing and conveying cabin and storage discharge compartment, feed space.Rubbish is discharged in feed space, and is transported in discharge chambe, after being piled with room to be compressed and feed space, compression set is extruded rubbish, when reaching certain pressure, the gate of discharge chambe is opened, and the rubbish after compression is fed sequentially into Storing and conveying cabin and storage discharge compartment;Reciprocation cycle is until fill up Storing and conveying cabin and storage discharge compartment, last cargo ship, which drives towards harbour, is unloaded like this.The compressed drip of rubbish reduces weight and volume, improves the actual weight of load of cargo ship except moisture, it is to avoid unnecessary oil consumption caused by high-frequency makes a return voyage unloading, and cost of transportation is saved while operating efficiency is greatly promoted.

Description

Full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of environmental protection boat on water surface oceangoing ship, more particularly to a kind of full-automatic Garbage vessels.
Background technology
River course reservoir is the important carrier of water ecological environment, except to meet it is basic drain off floodwater in addition to demand, or people's living environment important component.As the improvement of people's living standards, house refuse is also more and more, because groups of people's environmental consciousness is not strong, a big chunk rubbish is abandoned in river course reservoir, causes and a large amount of rubbish are floated on the water surface, seriously polluted;On the other hand, because sanitary sewage and industrial wastewater are largely discharged, the serious nutrition accumulation of river causes the water surface to occur in that substantial amounts of planktonic algae, and such as cleaning not in time, also will appear from seriously breaking the significant problem of local area ecological balance.
At present, the processing that China's river reservoir is directed to floating object mainly uses pick-up boat to be salvaged in addition to artificial salvage is used on a small quantity.The pick-up boat utilizes the shuttling movement of conveyer belt, and the floating object in water body is salvaged and collecting chamber is transported to, after boat-carrying collecting chamber fills rubbish, pick-up boat sails back harbour, by the floating refuse salvaged conveying ashore.Pick-up boat sails back harbour from region is salvaged, and from harbour sails the period returned and drag for region, and without fishing, so that it is low to salvage efficiency.In order to improve salvaging efficiency, therefore the rubbish for being salvaged pick-up boat using Garbage vessels is transported to harbour from region is salvaged, in this way, pick-up boat just can continuously work, salvages efficiency high.
But, the floating refuse of collection is often more fluffy, and large quantity of moisture is contained in inside, therefore volume is larger, heavier-weight, can be filled quickly in the collecting chamber of Garbage vessels, so that Garbage vessels must be travelled to and fro between frequently between salvaging region and staithe, cost of transportation is high.
The content of the invention
To solve above-mentioned technical problem, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels, the rubbish salvaged can be compressed by it, drip moisture removal, reduce weight and volume, improve the actual weight of load of collecting chamber, it is to avoid the unnecessary oil consumption caused by high-frequency makes a return voyage unloading, cost of transportation is saved while operating efficiency is greatly promoted.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, technical scheme is as follows:
Full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels, including driver's cabin, cabin and deck;It is disposed with deck from stern to stem in feed space, discharge chambe, Storing and conveying cabin and storage discharge compartment, feed space and is provided with compression set;The entrance of feed space is located at top, and porch is also equipped with a feed hopper;Connected between feed space and discharge chambe, and be also provided with a plate link type conveyer belt jointly between the two;The exit of discharge chambe is provided with a gate, and the folding of gate is controlled by a hydraulic means;Compression set is mainly made up of hydraulic compressor, compressor oil cylinder and compression piston, and the bottom of compression piston is tilted to the exit of discharge chambe, and is connected with the expansion link of compressor oil cylinder.
It is further that hydraulic means has two groups, this two groups of hydraulic means are symmetrically fixed on the top of discharge chambe, and are connected with gate.
It is further, hydraulic means is mainly made up of oil cylinder, hinge and articulated stand, the cylinder body of oil cylinder is hinged at the top of the expansion link and gate of oil cylinder by the articulated stand inclined top for being arranged on discharge chambe, and the top movable that side wall of the gate close to top passes through hinge and discharge chambe is connected.
It is further to be provided with the madial wall of feed space and discharge chambe on the guide rail of horizontal positioned, guide rail and be arranged with guide sleeve, compression piston is connected with guide sleeve.When compressor oil cylinder pushing compression piston moves ahead, guide sleeve play the guiding role in this process with guide rail.
It is further that respectively there is a conveyer belt in Storing and conveying cabin and storage discharge compartment, a hydraulic pressure top-entering oil cylinder is respectively fixed with two bulkheads for storing discharge compartment, the cylinder body of hydraulic lifting oil cylinder is hinged above deck.
It is further that hull is flat round head, top slat iron, single deck, whole-steel welding structure is provided with four road watertight cross walls in cabin, and cabin is divided into forepeak, empty cabin, sky cabin, engine space and after-peak tank by this four roads watertight cross wall.
The operation principle of above-mentioned cargo ship is:Collecting ship is discharged to rubbish in feed space from feed hopper, rubbish is transported in discharge chambe (now gate is closed) by plate link type conveyer belt, after being piled with room to be compressed and feed space, compressor oil cylinder pushing compression piston is started to move ahead, rubbish is extruded, when reaching certain pressure, PLC instructions hydraulic means opens gate, and the rubbish after compression is fed sequentially into Storing and conveying cabin and storage discharge compartment by flat conveyer belt operating;Reciprocation cycle is until fill up Storing and conveying cabin and storage discharge compartment, last cargo ship, which drives towards harbour, is unloaded like this.
Compared with prior art, the full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels that provide of the present invention, its advantage is:Rubbish transports back harbour again after compression, improves the useful load of cargo ship, reduces the round number of times because transporting bulk goods rubbish, reduces job costs, improve operating efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
Technical scheme in order to illustrate the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, the accompanying drawing used required in being described below to embodiment is briefly described.
Fig. 1 is the front view of the full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels, hull is flat round head, top slat iron, single deck, whole-steel welding structure, including driver's cabin 1, cabin 2 and deck;Four road watertight cross walls are provided with cabin 2, cabin 2 is divided into forepeak, empty cabin, empty cabin, engine space and after-peak tank by this four roads watertight cross wall;It is disposed with deck from stern to stem in feed space 4, discharge chambe 5, Storing and conveying cabin 6 and storage discharge compartment 7, feed space 4 and is provided with compression set;The entrance of feed space 4 is located at top, and porch is also equipped with a feed hopper 4a;Connected between feed space 4 and discharge chambe 5, and be also provided with a plate link type conveyer belt 8 jointly between the two.
Respectively there is a conveyer belt 9 and 10 in Storing and conveying cabin 6 and storage discharge compartment 7, a hydraulic pressure top-entering oil cylinder 11 is respectively fixed with two bulkheads for storing discharge compartment 7, the cylinder body of hydraulic lifting oil cylinder is hinged above deck.
The exit of discharge chambe 5 is provided with a gate 12, and the folding of gate is controlled by a hydraulic means;Hydraulic means has two groups, and this two groups of hydraulic means are symmetrically fixed on the top of discharge chambe 5.Hydraulic means is mainly made up of oil cylinder 13, hinge 14 and articulated stand 15, the cylinder body of oil cylinder 13 passes through the inclined top for being arranged on discharge chambe 5 of articulated stand, it is hinged at the top of the expansion link and gate of oil cylinder, side wall of the gate close to top is connected by hinge with the top movable of discharge chambe 5.The expansion link of oil cylinder is stretched out, and gate can be rotated down around hinge, by the port closing of discharge chambe 5;On the contrary, the expansion link of oil cylinder is withdrawn, gate can be rotated up around hinge, and the outlet of discharge chambe 5 is opened.
Compression set is mainly made up of hydraulic compressor, compressor oil cylinder 16 and compression piston 17, and the bottom of compression piston is tilted to the exit of discharge chambe 5, and is connected with the expansion link of compressor oil cylinder.It is provided with the madial wall of feed space 4 and discharge chambe 5 on the guide rail 18 of horizontal positioned, guide rail and is arranged with guide sleeve 19, compression piston is connected with guide sleeve.When compressor oil cylinder pushing compression piston moves ahead, guide sleeve play the guiding role in this process with guide rail.
The operation principle of above-mentioned cargo ship is:Collecting ship is discharged to rubbish in feed space from feed hopper, rubbish is transported in discharge chambe (now gate is closed) by plate link type conveyer belt, after being piled with room to be compressed and feed space, compressor oil cylinder pushing compression piston is started to move ahead, rubbish is extruded, when reaching certain pressure, PLC instructions hydraulic means opens gate, and the rubbish after compression is fed sequentially into Storing and conveying cabin and storage discharge compartment by flat conveyer belt operating;Reciprocation cycle is until fill up Storing and conveying cabin and storage discharge compartment, last cargo ship, which drives towards harbour, is unloaded like this.
A variety of modifications to these embodiments be will be apparent for those skilled in the art, and generic principles defined herein can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.Therefore, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to the most wide scope consistent with features of novelty with principles disclosed herein.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels, it is characterised in that including driver's cabin, cabin and deck;It is disposed with deck from stern to stem in feed space, discharge chambe, Storing and conveying cabin and storage discharge compartment, the feed space and is provided with compression set;The entrance of the feed space is located at top, and porch is also equipped with a feed hopper;Connected between the feed space and the discharge chambe, and be also provided with a plate link type conveyer belt jointly between the two;The exit of the discharge chambe is provided with a gate, and the folding of the gate is controlled by a hydraulic means;The compression set is mainly made up of hydraulic compressor, compressor oil cylinder and compression piston, and the bottom of compression piston is tilted to the exit of the discharge chambe, and is connected with the expansion link of the compressor oil cylinder.
2. full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the hydraulic means has two groups, and this two groups of hydraulic means are symmetrically fixed on the top of the discharge chambe, and are connected with the gate.
3. full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the hydraulic means is mainly made up of oil cylinder, hinge and articulated stand, the cylinder body of the oil cylinder passes through the inclined top for being arranged on the discharge chambe of articulated stand, the expansion link of the oil cylinder at the top of the gate with being hinged, and side wall of the gate close to top is connected by hinge with the top movable of the discharge chambe.
4. full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels according to claim 3, it is characterised in that be provided with the madial wall of the feed space and discharge chambe on the guide rail of horizontal positioned, guide rail and be arranged with guide sleeve, the compression piston is connected with the guide sleeve.
5. full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, respectively there is a conveyer belt in the Storing and conveying cabin and storage discharge compartment, a hydraulic pressure top-entering oil cylinder is respectively fixed with two bulkheads of the storage discharge compartment, the cylinder body of the hydraulic lifting oil cylinder is hinged on the deck.
6. full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, hull is flat round head, top slat iron, single deck, whole-steel welding structure, four road watertight cross walls are provided with cabin, cabin is divided into forepeak, empty cabin, empty cabin, engine space and after-peak tank by this four roads watertight cross wall.
CN201610052646.3A 2016-01-26 2016-01-26 Full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels Pending CN106995043A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610052646.3A CN106995043A (en) 2016-01-26 2016-01-26 Full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610052646.3A CN106995043A (en) 2016-01-26 2016-01-26 Full-automatic compression volume reduction Garbage vessels

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112429145A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-03-02 朱恒熙 Compressible material cabin

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102303688A (en) * 2011-06-15 2012-01-04 张家港市海丰水面环保机械有限公司 Pick-up boat capable of fully automatically separating common water hyacinth roots from leaves and reducing volume
CN104097751A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-10-15 张家港市海丰水面环保机械有限公司 Full-automatic float-garbage clearing and packaging vessel
CN104309774A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-28 张家港市海丰水面环保机械有限公司 Full-automatic floating object cleaning boat for large objects of moso bamboos and trees
CN104859808A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-08-26 张家港市海丰水面环保机械有限公司 Full-automatic water floating garbage and aquatic plant salvage compression ship
CN205524851U (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-08-31 张家港市海丰水面环保机械有限公司 Full -automatic compression subtracts holds rubbish transport ship

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102303688A (en) * 2011-06-15 2012-01-04 张家港市海丰水面环保机械有限公司 Pick-up boat capable of fully automatically separating common water hyacinth roots from leaves and reducing volume
CN104097751A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-10-15 张家港市海丰水面环保机械有限公司 Full-automatic float-garbage clearing and packaging vessel
CN104309774A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-28 张家港市海丰水面环保机械有限公司 Full-automatic floating object cleaning boat for large objects of moso bamboos and trees
CN104859808A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-08-26 张家港市海丰水面环保机械有限公司 Full-automatic water floating garbage and aquatic plant salvage compression ship
CN205524851U (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-08-31 张家港市海丰水面环保机械有限公司 Full -automatic compression subtracts holds rubbish transport ship

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112429145A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-03-02 朱恒熙 Compressible material cabin

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Application publication date: 20170801