CN106986250A - Vertical lift security system - Google Patents

Vertical lift security system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106986250A
CN106986250A CN201710363641.7A CN201710363641A CN106986250A CN 106986250 A CN106986250 A CN 106986250A CN 201710363641 A CN201710363641 A CN 201710363641A CN 106986250 A CN106986250 A CN 106986250A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
elevator
switch
during
passenger
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710363641.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨勇明
Original Assignee
上海理工大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 上海理工大学 filed Critical 上海理工大学
Priority to CN201710363641.7A priority Critical patent/CN106986250A/en
Publication of CN106986250A publication Critical patent/CN106986250A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/0006Monitoring devices or performance analysers
    • B66B5/0018Devices monitoring the operating condition of the elevator system
    • B66B5/0031Devices monitoring the operating condition of the elevator system for safety reasons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/021Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions the abnormal operating conditions being independent of the system
    • B66B5/024Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions the abnormal operating conditions being independent of the system where the abnormal operating condition is caused by an accident, e.g. fire
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/16Braking or catch devices operating between cars, cages, or skips and fixed guide elements or surfaces in hoistway or well
    • B66B5/18Braking or catch devices operating between cars, cages, or skips and fixed guide elements or surfaces in hoistway or well and applying frictional retarding forces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/28Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips
    • B66B5/284Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips mounted on cars or counterweights

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of vertical lift security system, vertical elevator hoistways module is housed between some floors layer of floor module, equipped with vertical terraced module in elevator hoistways module, top is provided with acceleration sensor module, one-chip computer module, power module, Smoke Sensor module in elevator box module in vertical ladder module, elevator box inside modules;Fall buffering pneumatic cushion module, elevator passenger of outside bottom used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion, elevator passenger falls anti-collision air-bed module and air cushion handrail module.Present invention collection used during elevator falling buffering, elevator passenger fall anticollision, the used during elevator falling of buffering, elevator passenger that fall promptly stop the vertical lift security system that locking, the fire extinguishing of elevator fire, elevator fire disaster escaping, elevator WIFI connections, GPS location and first-aid centre such as interconnect at the function; it is simple in construction; it is easy to operate; serious used during elevator falling, passenger's tumble injury and passenger's tumble injury can be avoided, the life safety of elevator passenger can be effectively protected.

Description

Vertical lift security system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of vertical lift, more particularly to a kind of security system of vertical lift, belong to vertical lift peace Full guard technical field.
Background technology
With continuing to develop for economic society, the quantity of high building is on the increase, and the use of elevator is more and more extensive, due to electricity Terraced security system design is not perfect enough, and the security incident about elevator often occurs.For example, vertical lift operation exception and vertical Used during elevator falling accident seriously threatens the life safety of people, and elevator safety system present on current market especially lacks electricity Ladder buffering, elevator passenger fall anticollision, the used during elevator falling of buffering, elevator passenger that fall that fall promptly is stopped locking, elevator fire and gone out The functions such as fire, elevator fire disaster escaping, elevator WIFI connections.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art part to collect used during elevator falling buffering, elevator passenger there is provided one kind Fall anticollision, the used during elevator falling of buffering, elevator passenger that fall promptly stops locking, the fire extinguishing of elevator fire, elevator fire disaster escaping, elevator The vertical lift security system of the functions such as WIFI connections, GPS location and first-aid centre's interconnection, the system architecture is simple, operation side Just, serious used during elevator falling, passenger's tumble injury and passenger's tumble injury can be avoided, can effectively protect the life of elevator passenger to pacify Entirely.
To achieve the above object, the technical scheme is that:A kind of vertical lift security system, including control system and Mechanical system, the control system includes total power switch, the electronic ejection switch of used during elevator falling friction block buffering, used during elevator falling and rubbed Cleaning block buffer mechanism ejection switch, used during elevator falling, which promptly stop locking motor switch, used during elevator falling and promptly stop locking machinery, to be opened Pass, the electronic solution lock-switch of escape window, escape window mechanical release switch, distress call switch, Emergency Ladder mechanical release switch, elevator Fall buffering pneumatic cushion ejection switch, the elevator passenger of buffering pneumatic cushion machinery ejection switch, elevator passenger that fall falls anti-collision air-bed bullet Go out switch, fire extinguishing switch, LED warnings lamp switch, LCD display switches, GPS location switch, LED warnings lamp module, LCD and show mould Block, d GPS locating module, power module, one-chip computer module, acceleration sensor module, Smoke Sensor module and WIFI module;
The mechanical system includes floor module, vertical terraced module, elevator box module, elevator hoistways module, used during elevator falling and rubbed Cleaning block buffer module, used during elevator falling brake pad chute module, used during elevator falling are promptly stopped locking module, distress call module, escaped Raw window module, Emergency Ladder module, used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion, elevator passenger fall buffering pneumatic cushion module, elevator passenger fall it is anti- Hit air cushion module, air cushion handrail module, miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module, large-scale dry-ice fire extinguisher module;
It is equipped between some floors layer of the floor module in vertical elevator hoistways module, elevator hoistways module equipped with vertical Elevator box module in terraced module, vertical ladder module, can do vertical displacement movement along elevator hoistways module;
Position is pushed up in the elevator box inside modules the electronic ejection switch of used during elevator falling friction block buffering, used during elevator falling are installed It is urgent to stop the buffering pneumatic cushion ejection of falling of locking motor switch, the electronic solution lock-switch of escape window, WIFI module, elevator passenger and open Fall anti-collision air-bed ejection switch, acceleration sensor module, one-chip computer module, power module, Smoke Sensor for pass, elevator passenger Module;
The total power switch, used during elevator falling brake pad buffer mechanism ejection switch, used during elevator falling are promptly stopped locking machinery and opened Close, escape window mechanical release switch, Emergency Ladder mechanical release switch, used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion machinery eject switch, is arranged on The inside left position of elevator box module;
The used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module is used during elevator falling brake pad buffer gear, 3 altogether, is separately mounted to elevator The external left of casing module, right and rear side middle position;,
The distress call module is distress call device, installed in the inside left position of elevator box module, for realizing SOS function when vertical lift falls;
The Emergency Ladder module and escape window module are separately mounted to push up on the inside left position of elevator box module and inside Position, for realizing the emergency life escaping function that vertical lift falls when being caught fire with elevator;
The used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion, elevator passenger fall buffering pneumatic cushion module, elevator passenger fall anti-collision air-bed module and Air cushion handrail module be separately mounted to the outside bottom position of elevator box module, internal bottom position, the internal left and right sides and Inner back side position, for realizing that elevator cushion that vertical lift falls lands and the function such as elevator passenger anticollision buffering;
The used during elevator falling brake pad chute module is used during elevator falling brake pad chute, 3 altogether, respectively positioned at elevator hoistways mould The inside of block is left and right and rear side middle position, can be with matching somebody with somebody completely before the outside of the used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module Close, landing pooling feature during for realizing that vertical lift falls;
It is that used during elevator falling promptly stops retaining mechanism that the used during elevator falling, which promptly stops locking module, 9 altogether, and 3 are 1 group, It is separately mounted in elevator hoistways module, can be with used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module at a position in floor center Outer lower side it is fully mated, urgent stop during for realizing that vertical lift falls stops locking function with urgent;
The distress call switch passes through one-chip computer module, speed installed in the external left top position of distress call module Sensor assembly and Smoke Sensor module and distress call module, SOS function during operation exception can be effectively Protect the life safety of elevator passenger;
The electronic ejection switch of the used during elevator falling friction block buffering, used during elevator falling brake pad buffer mechanism ejection switch, elevator pendant Fall the urgent locking motor switch, used during elevator falling stopped and promptly stop locking mechanical switch, the electronic solution lock-switch of escape window, escape window Buffering that mechanical release switch, Emergency Ladder mechanical release are switched, used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion machinery ejection switch, elevator passenger fall Air cushion ejection is switched, elevator passenger falls, and anti-collision air-bed ejection switch passes through one-chip computer module, acceleration sensor module and smog Sensor assembly promptly stops with used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module, used during elevator falling brake pad chute module, used during elevator falling respectively Fallen buffering pneumatic cushion module, electricity by locking module, escape window module, Emergency Ladder module, used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion, elevator passenger Terraced passenger fall anti-collision air-bed module, air cushion handrail module connection, for realize vertical lift fall friction block buffering, passenger Fall buffering, passenger's anticollision, fall and promptly stop, fall and urgent stop locking, the escape window that catches fire unblock, fall to elevator hoistways The inside bottom anticollision buffering of module, prevents serious collision and tumble injury, can effectively protect the life safety of elevator passenger And property safety.
The miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module and large-scale dry-ice fire extinguisher module are arranged on the inside of elevator box module The outer left side of position and elevator hoistways module is pushed up, close to the position of floor module, the fire extinguishing switch is arranged on miniature dry ice The external left top position of fire extinguisher module;The LED warnings lamp switch is arranged on the external left upper position that LED warns lamp module Put;The LCD display switches are arranged on the external left top position of LCD display module;The GPS location switch is arranged on elevator Position is pushed up on the inside of casing module;The LED warnings lamp module, which is arranged on the inside of elevator box module, pushes up position;It is described LCD display module is arranged on the inside of elevator box module and pushes up position;The d GPS locating module is in elevator box module Position is pushed up in portion;The WIFI module is arranged on the inside of elevator box module and pushes up position;The fire extinguishing switch passes through monolithic Machine module and Smoke Sensor module are connected with miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module and large-scale dry-ice fire extinguisher module respectively, for reality Fire-extinguishing function concurrently when existing vertical lift catches fire, can effectively protect the life safety of elevator passenger, and the LED warns lamp switch Lamp module is warned to be connected with LED by one-chip computer module, acceleration sensor module and Smoke Sensor module, it is vertical for realizing LED alarm function during elevator operation exception, reminds elevator passenger to hold air cushion handrail module, prevents serious elevator in time Fall, elevator passenger is collided and elevator passenger tumble injury, effectively protect the life safety of elevator passenger, the LCD display switches It is connected by one-chip computer module, acceleration sensor module and Smoke Sensor module with LCD display module, for realizing vertical electricity LCD display functions during terraced operation exception, remind elevator passenger to hold air cushion handrail module, prevent serious elevator from falling in time Fall, elevator passenger is collided and elevator passenger tumble injury, effectively protect the life safety of elevator passenger, the GPS location switch is logical Cross one-chip computer module, acceleration sensor module and Smoke Sensor module to be connected with d GPS locating module, for realizing vertical lift GPS location and first-aid centre's interconnecting function during operation exception, are easy to first-aid centre to obtain elevator accident position, Ke Yiyou in time The life safety of effect ground protection elevator passenger,
The miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module and large-scale dry-ice fire extinguisher module pass through one-chip computer module and Smoke Sensor module Connection, fire-extinguishing function concurrently during for realizing that vertical lift catches fire can effectively protect the life safety of elevator passenger.
When vertical terraced module is fallen, the used during elevator falling friction electronic ejection switch of block buffering or used during elevator falling friction Block buffering is ejected mechanically before the outside that switch causes used during elevator falling brake pad chute module and used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module Face is fully mated, in the presence of frictional force, the buffering of falling of vertical terraced module is realized, while used during elevator falling promptly stops locking Motor switch or used during elevator falling promptly stop locking mechanical switch so that used during elevator falling promptly stops locking module and elevator pendant The outer lower side for falling brake pad buffer module links closely cooperation completely, urgent stop during for realizing that vertical terraced module is fallen with it is tight Jerk lean on locking function, prevent it is secondary fall, be easy to elevator passenger to escape, can effectively protect elevator passenger life safety And property safety.
The d GPS locating module connects WIFI module, during for realizing that vertical lift operation is fallen and caught fire, is determined by GPS Position is interconnected by WIFI connections and first-aid centre, is easy to first-aid centre to obtain the particular location of elevator accident, so as to effectively protect Protect the life safety of elevator passenger.
The vertical terraced module connects national grid or power module by total power switch, when the normal work of vertical terraced module When making, powered, when abnormal work occurs for vertical terraced module, powered by power module by national grid.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The present invention vertical lift security system collection used during elevator falling buffering, elevator passenger fall buffering, elevator passenger fall anticollision, Used during elevator falling promptly stops locking, the fire extinguishing of elevator fire, elevator fire disaster escaping, elevator WIFI connections, GPS location and first-aid centre The functions such as interconnection are integrated, simple in construction, easy to operate, can avoid serious used during elevator falling, passenger's tumble injury and passenger's tumble injury, The life safety of elevator passenger can effectively be protected.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is vertical lift security system three-dimensional assembly diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is one of vertical lift security system figure of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the two of the vertical lift security system figure of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the three of the vertical lift security system figure of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the four of the vertical lift security system figure of the present invention.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but should not be limited the scope of the invention with this.
Reference picture 1-5, vertical lift security system of the invention, including control system and mechanical system;The control system System includes the electronic ejection switch 6 of total power switch 30, used during elevator falling friction block buffering, the ejection of used during elevator falling brake pad buffer mechanism Switch 31, used during elevator falling promptly stop locking motor switch 7, used during elevator falling and promptly stop locking mechanical switch 32, escape window electricity Dynamic solution lock-switch 8, escape window mechanical release switch 33, distress call switch 34, Emergency Ladder mechanical release switch 36, used during elevator falling Fall buffering pneumatic cushion ejection switch 15, elevator passenger of buffering pneumatic cushion machinery ejection switch 37, elevator passenger falls anti-collision air-bed bullet Go out switch 16, fire extinguishing switch 11, LED warnings lamp switch 17, LCD display switches 23, GPS location switch 20, LED warning lamp modules 19th, LCD display module 25, d GPS locating module 24, power module, one-chip computer module 21, acceleration sensor module 18, smog are passed Sensor module 22 and WIFI module 12.
The mechanical system includes floor module 2, vertical terraced module 1, elevator box module 5, elevator hoistways module 4, electricity Ladder fall brake pad buffer module 26, used during elevator falling brake pad chute module 40, used during elevator falling promptly stop locking module 39, it is tight Call on urgently and rescue module 35, escape window module 13, Emergency Ladder module 38, used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion 9, elevator passenger and fall buffering pneumatic cushion Module 27, elevator passenger fall anti-collision air-bed module 29, air cushion handrail module 28, miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module 10, large-scale dry Ice fire extinguisher module 3.
The total power switch 30 is arranged on the inside left position of elevator box module 5;The used during elevator falling brake pad Buffer electronic ejection switch 6 and push up position on the inside of elevator box module 5;
The used during elevator falling brake pad buffer mechanism ejection switch 31 is arranged on the inside left position of elevator box module 5;Institute State used during elevator falling promptly stop locking motor switch 7 be arranged on elevator box module 5 inside on push up position;The used during elevator falling It is urgent to stop the inside left position that locking mechanical switch 32 is arranged on elevator box module 5;The electronic unblock of escape window is opened Close 8 and push up position on the inside of elevator box module 5;The escape window mechanical release switch 33 is arranged on elevator box mould The inside left position of block 5;The distress call switch 34 is arranged on the external left top position of distress call module 35;It is described Emergency Ladder mechanical release switch 36 is arranged on the inside left position of elevator box module 5;The used during elevator falling buffer air cushion machine Tool ejection switch 37 is arranged on the inside left position of elevator box module 5;The elevator passenger fall buffering pneumatic cushion ejection open Close 15 and push up position on the inside of elevator box module 5;The elevator passenger fall it is anti-collision air-bed ejection switch 16 install Position is pushed up on the inside of elevator box module 5;The fire extinguishing switch 11 is arranged on the outside of miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module 10 Upper left side position;The LED warnings lamp switch 17 is arranged on the external left top position that LED warns lamp module 19;The LCD shows Show that switch 23 is arranged on the external left top position of LCD display module 25;The GPS location switch 20 is arranged on elevator box mould Position is pushed up on the inside of block 5.
The LED warnings lamp module 19 is LED warning lamps, and position is pushed up on the inside of elevator box module 5;It is described LCD display module 25 is LCD display, and position is pushed up on the inside of elevator box module 5;The d GPS locating module 24 It is GPS locator, position is pushed up on the inside of elevator box module 5;The power module is battery, installed in elevator Position is pushed up on the inside of casing module 5;The one-chip computer module 21 is controller, on the inside of elevator box module 5 Push up position;The acceleration sensor module 18 is velocity sensor, and position is pushed up on the inside of elevator box module 5;Institute It is Smoke Sensor to state Smoke Sensor module 22, and position is pushed up on the inside of elevator box module 5;The WIFI module 12 be wireless router, and position is pushed up on the inside of elevator box module 5.
The floor module 2 is vertical with elevator hoistways module 4, altogether 4 floors.The vertical terraced module 1 includes elevator Casing module 5, can do vertical displacement movement along elevator hoistways module 4.
The used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module 26 is used during elevator falling brake pad buffer gear, 3 altogether, is respectively mounted External left, the side middle position of right and rear 3 in elevator box module 5.The used during elevator falling brake pad chute module 40 is elevator Fall brake pad chute, 3 altogether, and the inside positioned at elevator hoistways module 4 is left and right respectively and rear 3 side middle position, Ke Yiyu Fully mated before the outside of the used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module 26, landing during for realizing that vertical lift falls is delayed Rush function.It is that used during elevator falling promptly stops retaining mechanism that the used during elevator falling, which promptly stops locking module 39, and 9 altogether, 3 are 1 group, it is separately mounted in elevator hoistways module 4, can be slow with used during elevator falling brake pad at the position in 2 floor centers The outer lower side of die block 26 is fully mated, and urgent stop during for realizing that vertical lift falls stops locking work(with urgent Energy.
The distress call module 35 is distress call device, installed in the inside left position of elevator box module 5, is used SOS function when realizing that vertical lift falls.
The escape window module 13 is escape window device, including hand is 14, the escape window module 13 and Emergency Ladder module 38 be separately mounted to the inside left position of elevator box module 5 and inside on push up position, for realize vertical lift fall and Emergency life escaping function when elevator catches fire.
The used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion 9, elevator passenger fall buffering pneumatic cushion module 27, elevator passenger fall it is anti-collision air-bed Module 29 and air cushion handrail module 28 are separately mounted to the outside bottom position, internal bottom position, inside of elevator box module 5 The left and right sides and inner back side position, for realizing that elevator cushion that vertical lift falls lands and elevator passenger anticollision buffering etc. Function.
The miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module 10 and large-scale dry-ice fire extinguisher module 3 are arranged on the interior of elevator box module 5 The outer left side of position and elevator hoistways module 4 is pushed up in portion, close to the position of floor module 2, the miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher mould Block 101, large-scale dry-ice fire extinguisher module 3 amounts to 3, is respectively used to realize fire-extinguishing function concurrently when vertical lift catches fire.
The total power switch 30 promptly stops with the electronic ejection switch 6 of used during elevator falling friction block buffering, used during elevator falling respectively By locking motor switch 7, the electronic solution lock-switch 8 of escape window, distress call switch 34, elevator passenger fall buffering pneumatic cushion ejection open Close 15, elevator passenger fall it is anti-collision air-bed ejection switch 16, fire extinguishing switch 11, LED warning lamp switch 17, LCD display switches 23, GPS location switch 20, LED warnings lamp module 19, LCD display module 25, d GPS locating module 24, one-chip computer module 21, speed are passed Sensor module 18, Smoke Sensor module 22 and WIFI module 12 are connected, and realize a kind of vertical lift security system of the invention Function of supplying power.
Under preferable case, the distress call switch 34 passes through one-chip computer module 21, acceleration sensor module 18 and smog Sensor assembly 22 and distress call module 35, SOS function during operation exception can effectively protect elevator passenger Life safety, the fire extinguishing switch 11 put out a fire with miniature dry ice respectively by one-chip computer module 21 and Smoke Sensor module 22 Device module 10 and large-scale dry-ice fire extinguisher module 3 are connected, and fire-extinguishing function concurrently during for realizing that vertical lift catches fire can be effectively The life safety of elevator passenger is protected, the LED warnings lamp switch 17 passes through one-chip computer module 21, the and of acceleration sensor module 18 Smoke Sensor module 22 is connected with LED warning lamp modules 19, for realizing that LED during vertical lift operation exception warns work( Can, remind elevator passenger to hold air cushion handrail module 28 in time, prevent serious used during elevator falling, elevator passenger collision and elevator from multiplying Objective tumble injury, effectively protects the life safety of elevator passenger, and the LCD display switches 23 are passed by one-chip computer module 21, speed Sensor module 18 and Smoke Sensor module 22 are connected with LCD display module 25, for realizing during vertical lift operation exception LCD display functions, remind elevator passenger to hold air cushion handrail module 28, prevent serious used during elevator falling, elevator passenger from touching in time The life safety with elevator passenger tumble injury, effectively protection elevator passenger is hit, the GPS location switch 20 passes through one-chip computer module 21st, acceleration sensor module 18 and Smoke Sensor module 22 are connected with d GPS locating module 24, for realizing that vertical lift is run GPS location and first-aid centre's interconnecting function when abnormal, are easy to first-aid centre to obtain elevator accident position in time, can be effectively Protect the life safety of elevator passenger, the electronic ejection switch 6 of used during elevator falling friction block buffering, used during elevator falling friction block buffering Be ejected mechanically switch 31, used during elevator falling promptly stop locking motor switch 7, used during elevator falling promptly stop locking mechanical switch 32, The electronic solution lock-switch 8 of escape window, escape window mechanical release switch 33, Emergency Ladder mechanical release switch 36, used during elevator falling buffering gas Pad be ejected mechanically switch 37, elevator passenger fall buffering pneumatic cushion ejection switch 15, elevator passenger fall it is anti-collision air-bed ejection switch 16 by one-chip computer module 21, acceleration sensor module 18 and Smoke Sensor module 22 respectively with used during elevator falling rub block buffering Module 26, used during elevator falling brake pad chute module 40, used during elevator falling promptly stop locking module 39, escape window module 13, escape Fall buffering pneumatic cushion module 27, elevator passenger of terraced module 38, used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion 9, elevator passenger falls anti-collision air-bed mould Block 29, air cushion handrail module 28 are connected, for realizing that friction block buffering, the passenger that fall of vertical lift falls buffering, Cheng Kefang Hit, fall and promptly stop, fall and promptly stop locking, the escape window that catches fire unblock, fall to the inside bottom of elevator hoistways module 4 The functions such as anticollision buffering, prevent serious collision and tumble injury, can effectively protect the life safety and property peace of elevator passenger Entirely;
Under preferable case, the distress call module 35 by one-chip computer module 21 respectively with acceleration sensor module 18 and smog Sensor assembly 22 is connected, SOS function during operation exception, can effectively protect the life safety of elevator passenger, institute State miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module 10 and large-scale dry-ice fire extinguisher module 3 passes through one-chip computer module 21 and Smoke Sensor module 22 Connection, fire-extinguishing function concurrently during for realizing that vertical lift catches fire can effectively protect the life safety of elevator passenger, described LED warning lamp modules 19 are connected with acceleration sensor module 18 and Smoke Sensor module 22 respectively by one-chip computer module 21, For realizing LED alarm function during vertical lift operation exception, elevator passenger is reminded to hold air cushion handrail module 28 in time, Serious used during elevator falling, elevator passenger collision and elevator passenger tumble injury are prevented, the life safety of elevator passenger, institute is effectively protected LCD display module 25 is stated to be connected with acceleration sensor module 18 and Smoke Sensor module 22 respectively by one-chip computer module 21, For realizing LCD display functions during vertical lift operation exception, remind elevator passenger to hold air cushion handrail module 28 in time, prevent Only serious used during elevator falling, elevator passenger collision and elevator passenger tumble injury, effectively protects the life safety of elevator passenger, described D GPS locating module 24 distinguishes acceleration sensor module 18 by one-chip computer module 21 and Smoke Sensor module 22 is connected, and is used for GPS location and first-aid centre's interconnecting function when realizing vertical lift operation exception, report emergency lift to first-aid centre in time Real time position, effectively protect elevator passenger life safety, the used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module 26, used during elevator falling Brake pad chute module 40, used during elevator falling promptly stop locking module 39, escape window module 13, Emergency Ladder module 38, elevator pendant Fall fall buffering pneumatic cushion module 27, elevator passenger of buffering pneumatic cushion 9, elevator passenger to fall anti-collision air-bed module 29, air cushion handrail mould Block 28 is connected by one-chip computer module 21 with acceleration sensor module 18 and Smoke Sensor module 22 respectively, vertical for realizing Friction block buffering, the passenger that fall of elevator fall buffering, passenger's anticollision, fall promptly stop, urgent stop of falling is locked, caught fire Escape window unlocks, fallen to functions such as the inside bottom anticollision bufferings of elevator hoistways module 4, prevents serious collision and tumble injury, The life safety and property safety of elevator passenger can effectively be protected;
Under preferable case, a kind of vertical lift security system of the invention, when vertical terraced module 1 is fallen, used during elevator falling friction The electronic ejection switch 6 of block buffering or used during elevator falling brake pad buffer mechanism ejection switch 31 cause used during elevator falling brake pad chute Module 40 with it is fully mated before the outside of used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module 26, in the presence of frictional force, realize vertical The buffering of falling of terraced module 1, while used during elevator falling promptly stops locking motor switch 7 or used during elevator falling promptly stops locking machine Tool switch 32 cause used during elevator falling promptly stop locking module 39 and used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module 26 outer lower side it is complete Full cooperation of linking closely, urgent stop during for realizing that vertical terraced module 1 is fallen stops locking function with urgent, prevents secondary pendant Fall, be easy to elevator passenger to escape, can effectively protect the life safety and property safety of elevator passenger;
Under preferable case, vertical lift security system of the invention, when vertical terraced 1 normal work of module, is supplied by national grid Electricity, when abnormal work occurs for vertical terraced module 1, is powered by power module 22;
Under preferable case, vertical lift security system of the invention, the d GPS locating module 24 and WIFI module 12 pass through respectively One-chip computer module 21 is connected with acceleration sensor module 18 and Smoke Sensor module 22, for realizing that vertical lift operation is fallen With WIFI connections, GPS location and the first-aid centre's interconnecting function when catching fire, it is easy to first-aid centre to obtain the specific position of elevator accident Put, so that the effectively life safety of protection elevator passenger;
A kind of vertical lift security system under normal operating conditions, especially there is used during elevator falling buffering, elevator passenger to fall slow Punching, elevator passenger fall anticollision, used during elevator falling promptly stop locking, the fire extinguishing of elevator fire, elevator fire disaster escaping, elevator WIFI company Connect, the vertical lift security system of the function such as GPS location and first-aid centre's interconnection, it is simple in construction, it is easy to operate, can avoid tight Used during elevator falling, passenger's tumble injury and the passenger's tumble injury of weight, can effectively protect the life safety of elevator passenger.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of vertical lift security system, including control system and mechanical system, it is characterised in that:
The control system includes total power switch(30), used during elevator falling friction block buffering electronic ejection switch(6), used during elevator falling Brake pad buffer mechanism ejection switch(31), used during elevator falling promptly stop locking motor switch(7), used during elevator falling promptly stop lock Tight mechanical switch(32), the electronic solution lock-switch of escape window(8), escape window mechanical release switch(33), distress call switch(34)、 Emergency Ladder mechanical release is switched(36), used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion machinery ejection switch(37), elevator passenger falls buffering pneumatic cushion Ejection switch(15), elevator passenger fall it is anti-collision air-bed ejection switch(16), fire extinguishing switch(11), LED warning lamp switch(17)、 LCD display switches(23), GPS location switch(20), LED warning lamp module(19), LCD display module(25), d GPS locating module (24), power module, one-chip computer module(21), acceleration sensor module(18), Smoke Sensor module(22)And WIFI module (12);
The mechanical system includes floor module(2), vertical terraced module(1), elevator box module(5), elevator hoistways module (4), used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module(26), used during elevator falling brake pad chute module(40), used during elevator falling promptly stop lock Tight module(39), distress call module(35), escape window module(13), Emergency Ladder module(38), used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion (9), elevator passenger falls buffering pneumatic cushion module(27), elevator passenger falls anti-collision air-bed module(29), air cushion handrail module (28), miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module(10), large-scale dry-ice fire extinguisher module(3);
The floor module(2)Some floors layer between be equipped with vertical elevator hoistways module(4), elevator hoistways module(4) In equipped with vertical terraced module(1), vertical ladder module(1)In elevator box module(5), can be along elevator hoistways module(4) Do vertical displacement movement;
The elevator box module(5)Position is pushed up on inside the electronic ejection switch of used during elevator falling friction block buffering is installed(6), electricity Ladder, which falls, promptly stops locking motor switch(7), the electronic solution lock-switch of escape window(8), WIFI module(12), elevator passenger falls Buffering pneumatic cushion ejection switch(15), elevator passenger fall it is anti-collision air-bed ejection switch(16), acceleration sensor module(18), monolithic Machine module(21), power module, Smoke Sensor module(22);
The total power switch(30), used during elevator falling brake pad buffer mechanism ejection switch(31), used during elevator falling promptly stop lock Tight mechanical switch(32), escape window mechanical release switch(33), Emergency Ladder mechanical release switch(36), used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion It is ejected mechanically switch(37), installed in elevator box module(5)Inside left position;
The used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module(26)It is used during elevator falling brake pad buffer gear, 3 altogether, is separately mounted to Elevator box module(5)External left, the side middle position of right and rear 3;
The distress call module(35)It is distress call device, installed in elevator box module(5)Inside left position, use SOS function when realizing that vertical lift falls;
The Emergency Ladder module(38)With escape window module(13)It is separately mounted to elevator box module(5)Inside left position With position is pushed up on inside, for realizing the emergency life escaping function that vertical lift falls when being caught fire with elevator;
The used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion(9), elevator passenger falls buffering pneumatic cushion module(27), elevator passenger fall it is anti-collision air-bed Module(29)With air cushion handrail module(28)It is separately mounted to elevator box module(5)Outside bottom position, internal bottom position Put, the internal left and right sides and inner back side position, for realizing that elevator cushion that vertical lift falls lands and elevator passenger is prevented Hit the functions such as buffering;
The used during elevator falling brake pad chute module(40)It is used during elevator falling brake pad chute, 3 altogether, respectively positioned at elevator Road module(4)Inside is left and right and rear side middle position, can be with the used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module(26)Outside It is above fully mated, landing pooling feature during for realizing that vertical lift falls;
The used during elevator falling promptly stops locking module(39)It is that used during elevator falling promptly stops retaining mechanism, 9 altogether, 3 are 1 Group, is separately mounted to elevator hoistways module(4)On, can be slow with used during elevator falling brake pad at the position in 2 floor centers Die block(26)Outer lower side it is fully mated, urgent stop during for realizing that vertical lift falls stops locking work(with urgent Energy;
The distress call switch(34)Installed in distress call module(35)External left top position, and pass through single-chip microcomputer mould Block(21), acceleration sensor module(18)With Smoke Sensor module(22)With distress call module(35), during operation exception SOS function, can effectively protect the life safety of elevator passenger;
The electronic ejection switch of used during elevator falling friction block buffering(6), used during elevator falling brake pad buffer mechanism ejection switch(31)、 Used during elevator falling promptly stops locking motor switch(7), used during elevator falling promptly stop locking mechanical switch(32), the electronic solution of escape window Lock-switch(8), escape window mechanical release switch(33), Emergency Ladder mechanical release switch(36), used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion machinery Ejection switch(37), elevator passenger fall buffering pneumatic cushion ejection switch(15), elevator passenger fall it is anti-collision air-bed ejection switch (16)Pass through one-chip computer module(21), acceleration sensor module(18)With Smoke Sensor module(22)Rubbed respectively with used during elevator falling Cleaning block buffer module(26), used during elevator falling brake pad chute module(40), used during elevator falling promptly stop locking module(39), escape Window module(13), Emergency Ladder module(38), used during elevator falling buffering pneumatic cushion(9), elevator passenger falls buffering pneumatic cushion module(27), electricity Terraced passenger falls anti-collision air-bed module(29), air cushion handrail module(28)Connection, the brake pad that falls for realizing vertical lift Buffering, passenger fall buffering, passenger's anticollision, fall promptly stop, fall it is urgent stop lock, the escape window that catches fire unlocks, fallen To elevator hoistways module(4)Inside bottom anticollision buffering, prevent serious collision and tumble injury, effectively elevator can be protected to multiply The life safety and property safety of visitor.
2. vertical lift security system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module (10)With large-scale dry-ice fire extinguisher module(3)Installed in elevator box module(5)Inside on top position and elevator hoistways module (4)Outer left side, close to floor module(2)Position, fire extinguishing switch(11)Installed in miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module (10)External left top position;The LED warns lamp switch(17)Lamp module is warned installed in LED(19)External left above Position;The LCD display switches(23)Installed in LCD display module(25)External left top position;The GPS location switch (20)Installed in elevator box module(5)Inside on push up position;The LED warns lamp module(19)Installed in elevator box mould Block(5)Inside on push up position;The LCD display module(25)Installed in elevator box module(5)Inside on push up position;Institute State d GPS locating module(24)In elevator box module(5)Inside on push up position;The WIFI module(12)Installed in elevator case Module(5)Inside on push up position;The fire extinguishing switch(11)Pass through one-chip computer module(21)With Smoke Sensor module (22)Respectively with miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module(10)With large-scale dry-ice fire extinguisher module(3)Connection, for realizing vertical lift Fire-extinguishing function concurrently when catching fire, can effectively protect the life safety of elevator passenger, and the LED warns lamp switch(17)Pass through list Piece machine module(21), acceleration sensor module(18)With Smoke Sensor module(22)Lamp module is warned with LED(19)Connection, is used LED alarm function when vertical lift operation exception is realized, reminds elevator passenger to hold air cushion handrail module in time(28), Serious used during elevator falling, elevator passenger collision and elevator passenger tumble injury are prevented, the life safety of elevator passenger, institute is effectively protected State LCD display switches(23)Pass through one-chip computer module(21), acceleration sensor module(18)With Smoke Sensor module(22)With LCD display module(25)Connection, for realizing LCD display functions during vertical lift operation exception, reminds elevator passenger in time Hold air cushion handrail module(28), serious used during elevator falling, elevator passenger collision and elevator passenger tumble injury are prevented, is effectively protected The life safety of elevator passenger, the GPS location switch(20)Pass through one-chip computer module(21), acceleration sensor module(18)With Smoke Sensor module(22)With d GPS locating module(24)Connection, for realize GPS location during vertical lift operation exception and First-aid centre's interconnecting function, is easy to first-aid centre to obtain elevator accident position in time, can effectively protect the people of elevator passenger Raw safety.
3. vertical lift security system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The miniature dry-ice fire extinguisher module (10)With large-scale dry-ice fire extinguisher module(3)Pass through one-chip computer module(21)With Smoke Sensor module(22)Connection, for reality Fire-extinguishing function concurrently when existing vertical lift catches fire, can effectively protect the life safety of elevator passenger.
4. vertical lift security system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:When vertical terraced module(1)When falling, institute State the electronic ejection switch of used during elevator falling friction block buffering(6)Or used during elevator falling brake pad buffer mechanism ejection switch(31)So that Used during elevator falling brake pad chute module(40)With used during elevator falling brake pad buffer module(26)Outside before it is fully mated, rubbing Wipe in the presence of power, realize vertical terraced module(1)Buffering of falling, while used during elevator falling promptly stops locking motor switch(7) Or used during elevator falling promptly stops locking mechanical switch(32)So that used during elevator falling promptly stops locking module(39)Fallen with elevator Fall brake pad buffer module(26)Outer lower side link closely completely cooperation, for realizing vertical terraced module(1)It is urgent when falling Stop and stop locking function with urgent, prevent it is secondary fall, be easy to elevator passenger to escape, can effectively protect elevator passenger Life safety and property safety.
5. vertical lift security system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The d GPS locating module(24)Connection WIFI module(12), during for realizing that vertical lift operation is fallen and caught fire, WIFI connections and first-aid centre are passed through by GPS location Interconnection, is easy to first-aid centre to obtain the particular location of elevator accident, so that the effectively life safety of protection elevator passenger.
6. according to any described vertical lift security systems of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that:The vertical terraced module(1) Pass through total power switch(30)National grid or power module are connected, when vertical terraced module(1)During normal work, by national grid Power supply, when vertical terraced module(1)During generation abnormal work, powered by power module.
CN201710363641.7A 2017-05-22 2017-05-22 Vertical lift security system CN106986250A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108706420A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-10-26 重庆大学 Used during elevator falling buffer protection system
CN109502448A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-03-22 西威电梯江苏有限公司 A kind of safety guard based on elevator

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CN204661059U (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-09-23 凌志电梯有限公司 A kind of Fire lift of comprehensive application water for fire extinguishing
CN204958043U (en) * 2015-07-28 2016-01-13 天津京龙工程机械有限公司 Elevator with anti -falling device
CN106429683A (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-02-22 成都启立辰智科技有限公司 Safety monitoring system of passenger elevator

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012176328A1 (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-12-27 株式会社日立製作所 Elevator device
CN203403790U (en) * 2013-07-09 2014-01-22 阳彦雄 Fire escape window
CN203402785U (en) * 2013-08-16 2014-01-22 湖州华奥电梯科技有限公司 Elevator provided with safety air bags
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108706420A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-10-26 重庆大学 Used during elevator falling buffer protection system
CN109502448A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-03-22 西威电梯江苏有限公司 A kind of safety guard based on elevator

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