CN106985867B - Bogie and rail vehicle and Rail Transit System with it - Google Patents

Bogie and rail vehicle and Rail Transit System with it Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106985867B
CN106985867B CN201610840284.4A CN201610840284A CN106985867B CN 106985867 B CN106985867 B CN 106985867B CN 201610840284 A CN201610840284 A CN 201610840284A CN 106985867 B CN106985867 B CN 106985867B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
track
bogie
wheel
level
wheels
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201610840284.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106985867A (en
Inventor
任林
曾浩
刘俊杰
彭方宏
李燕阳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BYD Co Ltd
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BYD Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BYD Co Ltd filed Critical BYD Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610840284.4A priority Critical patent/CN106985867B/en
Publication of CN106985867A publication Critical patent/CN106985867A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106985867B publication Critical patent/CN106985867B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/02Arrangements permitting limited transverse relative movements between vehicle underframe or bolster and bogie; Connections between underframes and bogies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L5/00Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles
    • B60L5/38Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles for collecting current from conductor rails
    • B60L5/39Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles for collecting current from conductor rails from third rail
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61CLOCOMOTIVES; MOTOR RAILCARS
    • B61C3/00Electric locomotives or railcars
    • B61C3/02Electric locomotives or railcars with electric accumulators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61CLOCOMOTIVES; MOTOR RAILCARS
    • B61C9/00Locomotives or motor railcars characterised by the type of transmission system used; Transmission systems specially adapted for locomotives or motor railcars
    • B61C9/38Transmission systems in or for locomotives or motor railcars with electric motor propulsion
    • B61C9/48Transmission systems in or for locomotives or motor railcars with electric motor propulsion with motors supported on vehicle frames and driving axles, e.g. axle or nose suspension
    • B61C9/50Transmission systems in or for locomotives or motor railcars with electric motor propulsion with motors supported on vehicle frames and driving axles, e.g. axle or nose suspension in bogies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D19/00Door arrangements specially adapted for rail vehicles
    • B61D19/02Door arrangements specially adapted for rail vehicles for carriages
    • B61D19/023Emergency exits
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D23/00Construction of steps for railway vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F13/00Rail vehicles characterised by wheel arrangements, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/50Other details
    • B61F5/52Bogie frames
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F9/00Rail vehicles characterised by means for preventing derailing, e.g. by use of guide wheels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B25/00Tracks for special kinds of railways
    • E01B25/08Tracks for mono-rails with centre of gravity of vehicle above the load-bearing rail
    • E01B25/10Mono-rails; Auxiliary balancing rails; Supports or connections for rails
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/26Rail vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B2204/00Characteristics of the track and its foundations
    • E01B2204/15Layout or geometry of the track
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T30/00Transportation of goods or passengers via railways, e.g. energy recovery or reducing air resistance

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of bogie and with its rail vehicle and Rail Transit System, bogie includes: bogie frame, and bogie frame, which has, is suitable for straddle seat track recess portion in orbit;Several first level wheels, several first level wheels are pivotably mounted on the side on bogie frame and being adapted to fit in track;Several second horizontal wheels, several second horizontal wheels are pivotably mounted on the other side on bogie frame and being adapted to fit in track;First collector shoe, the first collector shoe are located on bogie frame and are suitable for cooperating with the conductor rail of the side of track, and the first collector shoe is located at below several first level wheels;Second collector shoe, the second collector shoe are located on bogie frame and are suitable for cooperating with the conductor rail of the other side of track, and the second collector shoe is located at below several second horizontal wheels.Bogie according to an embodiment of the present invention has many advantages, such as to be conducive to rail vehicle driving stability.

Description

Bogie and rail vehicle and Rail Transit System with it
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of transportation, in particular to a kind of bogie, the railcar with the bogie And the Rail Transit System with the rail vehicle.
Background technique
The Rail Transit Systems such as straddle-type monorail train, are made of rail vehicle and track, wherein rail vehicle packet Car body and bogie are included, car body is drawn by straddle seat bogie in orbit, and bogie band motor vehicles bodies are travelled and turned to.But it is related Rail Transit System in technology, the stability of rail vehicle when driving are poor.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to solve one of above-mentioned technical problem in the related technology at least to a certain extent.For this purpose, this hair Bright to propose a kind of bogie, which has many advantages, such as to be conducive to rail vehicle driving stability.
The present invention also proposes a kind of rail vehicle with the bogie.
The present invention also proposes a kind of Rail Transit System with the rail vehicle.
To achieve the above object, a kind of bogie, the bogie are proposed according to the embodiment of the first aspect of the invention It include: bogie frame, the bogie frame, which has, is suitable for straddle seat track recess portion in orbit;Several first level wheels, Several first level wheels are pivotably mounted on the bogie frame and are adapted to fit in the side of the track;If Dry second horizontal wheels, several second horizontal wheels are pivotably mounted on the bogie frame and are adapted to fit in described The other side of track;First collector shoe, first collector shoe are located on the bogie frame and are suitable for and the track The conductor rail of side cooperates, and first collector shoe is located at below several first level wheels;Second collector shoe, described second Collector shoe is located on the bogie frame and is suitable for cooperating with the conductor rail of the other side of the track, second collector shoe Below several second horizontal wheels.
Bogie according to an embodiment of the present invention has many advantages, such as to be conducive to rail vehicle driving stability.
In addition, bogie according to an embodiment of the present invention can also have the following additional technical features:
According to one embodiment of present invention, the bogie further include: the first travelling wheel and the second travelling wheel, described One travelling wheel and the second travelling wheel are respectively pivotally mounted upon on the bogie frame and coaxial and be spaced setting;Driving dress Set, the driving device be mounted on the bogie frame and be located at first travelling wheel and second travelling wheel it Between, first travelling wheel and second travelling wheel are driven by the driving device.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the driving device is motor, and the motor has first operated synchronously Motor shaft and the second motor shaft, the first motor axis and first travelling wheel are sequentially connected, second motor shaft and institute State the transmission connection of the second travelling wheel.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first motor axis and second motor shaft are coaxially disposed and are integrated Part.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first level wheel be connected with moved synchronously with the first level wheel and Overall diameter is less than the first level safety wheel of the overall diameter of the first level wheel, and second horizontal wheels are connected with and described the Two horizontal wheels move synchronously and overall diameter be less than second horizontal wheels overall diameter the second horizontal safety wheel.
According to one embodiment of present invention, several first level wheels and several second horizontal wheels are in upper and lower It is located at sustained height upwards.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first level wheel is multiple and is spaced and coaxially sets along the vertical direction It sets, second horizontal wheels are multiple and are spaced and are coaxially disposed along the vertical direction.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first level wheel be it is multiple and respectively along the vertical direction with the track Length direction interval setting, second horizontal wheels be it is multiple and respectively along the vertical direction between the length direction of the track Every setting.
According to one embodiment of present invention, several first level wheels are adapted to fit in an outside table of the track On face, several second horizontal wheels are adapted to fit on another outer surface of the track.
According to one embodiment of present invention, several first level wheels are adapted to fit in an inside table of the track On face, several second horizontal wheels are adapted to fit on another inner surface of the track.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first level wheel is multiple and is suitable for being respectively fitting into the track On one outer surface and an inner surface, second horizontal wheels are multiple and are suitable for being respectively fitting into the another outer of the track On side surface and another inner surface.
According to one embodiment of present invention, first level wheel of the cooperation on an inner surface for the track with The second horizontal wheels on another inner surface of the track are cooperated to be located at different height in the up-down direction.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first level wheel is multiple and along the track length direction intervals Setting, for first collector shoe on the length direction of the track between adjacent first level wheel, described second is horizontal Wheel is that multiple and length direction intervals along the track is arranged, and second collector shoe is upper in the length direction of the track Between adjacent second horizontal wheels.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first level wheel is multiple and along the track length direction intervals Face is arranged in the up-down direction for setting, first collector shoe and any one first level wheel, and second horizontal wheels are more A and length direction interval setting along the track, second collector shoe and any one second horizontal wheels are in the up-down direction Face setting.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first level wheel is two and along the length direction interval of the track Setting, second horizontal wheels are two and are arranged along the length direction interval of the track, two first level wheels Central axis and the central axis of two second horizontal wheels horizontal plane be located at four corners of a rectangle and Central symmetry of the rectangle about the bogie frame.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first level wheel and second horizontal wheels are respectively one, described First level wheel and second horizontal wheels are suitable for being arranged along the width direction interval of the track, and the first level wheel and The driving direction that second horizontal wheels are suitable on the length direction of the track along car body deviates the bogie frame Center.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the bogie further include: the first supported and suspended device, first support Suspension arrangement is mounted on the side on the bogie frame and being suitable for supporting car body;Second supported and suspended device, described second Supported and suspended device is mounted on the other side on the bogie frame and being suitable for supporting the car body.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the overall diameter of the overall diameter of first travelling wheel and second travelling wheel It is identical and be 900-1100 millimeters.
Embodiment according to the second aspect of the invention proposes that a kind of rail vehicle, the rail vehicle include: car body;Turn To frame, the bogie is the bogie according to the embodiment of the first aspect of the present invention, and the bogie is mounted on institute State the bottom of car body.
Rail vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention, it is according to an embodiment of the first aspect of the invention by utilizing Bogie has many advantages, such as driving stability.
Embodiment according to the third aspect of the invention we proposes a kind of Rail Transit System, the Rail Transit System packet It includes: track;Rail vehicle, the rail vehicle are rail vehicle described in the embodiment of the second aspect of the present invention.
Rail Transit System according to an embodiment of the present invention, by utilizing embodiment institute according to the second aspect of the invention The rail vehicle stated has many advantages, such as rail vehicle driving stability.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of Rail Transit System according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view of Rail Transit System according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional view of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the track of Rail Transit System according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of rail vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of the track of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of the track of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 15 is the bogie of rail vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention and the structural schematic diagram of track.
Figure 16 is the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention and the structural schematic diagram of track.
Figure 17 is the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention and the structural schematic diagram of track.
Figure 18 is the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention and the structural schematic diagram of track.
Figure 19 is the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention and the structural schematic diagram of track.
Figure 20 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 21 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 22 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 23 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 24 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 25 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 26 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 27 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 28 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 29 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 30 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 31 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 32 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 33 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 34 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 35 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 36 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 37 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 38 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 39 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 40 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 41 is the cross-sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 42 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 43 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 44 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 45 is the cross-sectional view of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 46 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 47 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 48 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 49 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 50 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 51 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 52 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 53 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 54 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 55 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 56 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 57 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 58 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 59 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 60 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 61 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 62 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 63 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 64 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 65 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 66 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 67 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, wherein emergency exits It is in close state.
Figure 68 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, wherein emergency exits It is in the open state.
Figure 69 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 70 is the structural schematic diagram of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Appended drawing reference:
Rail Transit System 1,
Track 10, escape route 11, the first track girder 12, the second track girder 13, load carrying floor 14, attachment beam 15, support Frame 16, support plate 17, anticreep rib 18,
Rail vehicle 20, bogie 21, car body 22, compartment 23, emergency exits 24, escaping exit 25, escape cover board 26, Emergency Ladder 27, power battery 28, the first end 31 of emergency exits 24, the second end 32 of emergency exits 24,
Bogie frame 100, track recess portion 110,
First travelling wheel 210, the second travelling wheel 220, third travelling wheel 230, the 4th travelling wheel 240, the first connecting shaft 250, the second connecting shaft 260,
Driving device 300, first driving device 310, the second driving device 320,
First level wheel 710, the second horizontal wheels 720, first level safety wheel 711, the second horizontal safety wheel 721,
First collector shoe 810, the second collector shoe 820, the first conductor rail 830, the second conductor rail 840,
The supported and suspended device the 930, the 4th of first supported and suspended device 910, the second supported and suspended device 920, third supports Suspension arrangement 940.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is described below in detail, examples of the embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein from beginning to end Same or similar label indicates same or similar element or element with the same or similar functions.Below with reference to attached The embodiment of figure description is exemplary, it is intended to is used to explain the present invention, and is not considered as limiting the invention.
The discovery of following facts and problem is made the present invention is based on present inventor:
Straddle-type monorail train in the related technology is provided with independent for the ease of in case of emergency evacuating passenger Escape route.Specifically, being generally connected to the side of track by additional setting framework, framework in orbit and stretching outward Out, then architecturally laying floor with formed evacuation passenger channel.
Present inventor is equipped with the straddle-type of escape route by largely studying and testing discovery in the related technology Why monorail train has that at high cost, occupied space is big, stability the deficiencies of there are hidden danger, exactly by above-mentioned escape route Caused by structure, concrete reason is as follows:
The floor being laid with due to framework and thereon is independently of the additional structure except track, and vehicle is travelling The place that emergency specifically occurs in the process can not predict, it is therefore desirable to (in addition to station on the whole length direction of track At platform) escape route of this structure is additionally set, project amount is huge, is not only added significantly to cost, but also framework and ground Plate is located at the side of track, is equivalent to and additionally extends a part in the width direction of track, occupies big quantity space.This Outside, framework and floor itself have certain weight, and no matter whether vehicle occurs emergency, and framework and floor set up in-orbit On road, that is to say, that even if normal vehicle operation, track still wants the weight on support framework and floor, increases track in this way Weighing, adverse effect is produced to the stability of track.
In view of the situation of straddle-type monorail train in the related technology, the present invention proposes a kind of have convenient in emergency Lower evacuation passenger and it is at low cost, occupy little space, the Rail Transit System 1 for the advantages that track load-bearing is small, stability is high.
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings Rail Transit System 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention is described.
As shown in Fig. 1-Figure 70, Rail Transit System 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes track 10 and rail vehicle 20.
Track 10 is equipped with escape route 11.Rail vehicle 20 includes bogie 21 and car body 22, and bogie 21 is movably On track 10, car body 22 is connected straddle seat with bogie 21, and car body 22 is drawn by bogie 21 and travelled along track 10.
Here those skilled in the art it will be understood that track 10 be equipped with escape route 11 refer to, escape route 11 Be arranged in track 10 itself on, and not in other additional components for being arranged on track 10, i.e., compared to escaping in the related technology The structure in raw channel, Rail Transit System 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention, no setting is required that such as framework and floor are other for track 10 Component, escape route 11 are formed in 10, track.
Rail Transit System 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention works as hair by the way that escape route 11 is arranged with 10, track When raw emergency, passenger can be evacuated by escape route 11 in time.Also, since escape route 11 is arranged at 10, track With, there is no need to add other additional structures on track 10, only need to 10, track along its length on set Escape route 11 is set, it is possible thereby to which project amount is greatly decreased, on the one hand reduces costs, on the other hand reduces occupancy Space.In addition, being conducive to the stability of track 10 without the load-bearing for increasing track 10.Therefore, rail according to an embodiment of the present invention Pipeline transportation system 1 have convenient in case of emergency evacuate passenger and it is at low cost, occupy little space, track load-bearing is small, stability The advantages that high.
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings the Rail Transit System 1 of specific embodiment according to the present invention is described.
As shown in Fig. 1-Figure 70, Rail Transit System 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes track 10 and rail vehicle 20.
In some embodiments of the invention, as Figure 1-Figure 4, car body 22 includes the length direction along track 10 Successively hinged multiple compartments 23, in multiple compartments 23, on the length direction of track 10, the compartment of at least one end of car body 22 23 surface backwards to adjacent compartment 23 is equipped with the emergency exits 24 that can be opened and closed, in other words, positioned at the two of 22 both ends of car body In a compartment 23, the end face of at least one is equipped with emergency exits 24.Emergency exits 24 have first end 31 and second end 32, emergency exits 24 first end 31 is mounted on turnablely on corresponding compartment 23, and relative level tilts when emergency exits 24 are opened, and is escaped The second end 32 of door 24 tilts down and is embedded in escape route 11.In this way when emergency occurs, rail vehicle 20 actively or Passive parking, emergency exits 24 are opened and lower end is embedded in escape route 11, and the passenger in compartment 23 can be snapped down to by emergency exits 24 Escape route 11, and then evacuated from escape route 11.
Preferably, on the length direction of track 10, two compartments 23 positioned at 22 both ends of car body are equipped with emergency exits 24, When happening suddenly emergency, 22 both ends of car body open simultaneously emergency exits 24, are capable of forming broad air convection channel, make car body The toxic gases such as the smog inside 22 can dissipate rapidly.
Specifically, the first end 31 of emergency exits 24 is arranged adjacent to vehicle bottom, the second end 32 of emergency exits 24 is in emergency exits 24 It is arranged when closing adjacent to roof.In other words, when emergency exits 24 are closed, the second end 32 of emergency exits 24 is located at the first of emergency exits 24 The top at end 31;When emergency exits 24 are opened, the second end 32 of emergency exits 24 is located at the lower section of the first end 31 of emergency exits 24.By This, emergency exits 24 are converted by closed state to opening state by downwardly turning over.Emergency exits 24 use convertible structure, and car multiplies Visitor only needs simple operations that can open rapidly, effectively improves the efficiency of escape.
Advantageously, the inner surface of emergency exits 24 is equipped with slideway to facilitate passenger to be slided on slideway to escape route 11.This In it is to be understood that the inner surface of emergency exits 24 refers to, towards interior surface when emergency exits 24 are closed.
In other specific embodiments of the invention, as shown in Figure 67 and Figure 68, car body 22 includes the length along track 10 Spend direction successively hinged multiple compartments 23, on the length direction of track 10, the back in the compartment 23 of at least one end of car body 22 The emergency exits 24 that can be opened and closed, and the compartment 23 of described at least one end of car body 22 are equipped with to the surface of adjacent compartment 23 Interior floor be equipped with escaping exit 25 and escape cover board 26, i.e., equipped with emergency exits 24 compartment 23 interior floor be equipped with escaping exit 25 and escape cover board 26.Cover board 26 of escaping links with emergency exits 24 and for opening and closing escaping exit 25.When rail vehicle 20 When normal operation, emergency exits 24 are closed and escape cover board 26 closes escaping exit 25 (as shown in Figure 66).When emergency occurs, Rail vehicle 20 actively or passively stops, and emergency exits 24 are opened and escape cover board 26 opens escaping exit 25 (as shown in Figure 66), vehicle Passenger in compartment 23 can enter escape route 11 by escaping exit 25, and then evacuate from escape route 11.In addition, even if railcar 20 are forced to stop at the turning of track 10, will not be with rail due to without cooperating with track 10 when emergency exits 24 are opened Road 10 collides, and evacuates convenient for passenger at 10 turning of track.
Preferably, on the length direction of track 10, two compartments 23 positioned at 22 both ends of car body are equipped with emergency exits 24, When happening suddenly emergency, 22 both ends of car body open simultaneously emergency exits 24, are capable of forming broad air convection channel, make car body The toxic gases such as the smog inside 22 can dissipate rapidly.And emergency exits 24 use convertible structure, passenger inside the vehicle only need to simply grasp Work can be opened rapidly, and the efficiency of escape is effectively improved.
Specifically, emergency exits 24 have first end 31 and second end 32, the second end 32 of emergency exits 24 is pacified turnablely On corresponding compartment 23, wherein the second end 32 of emergency exits 24 is arranged adjacent to roof, and the first end 31 of emergency exits 24 is fugitive Raw door 24 is arranged when closing adjacent to vehicle bottom.In other words, when emergency exits 24 are closed, the first end 31 of emergency exits 24 is located at emergency exits 24 Second end 32 lower section;When emergency exits 24 are opened, the first end 31 of emergency exits 24 can be located at the second end 32 of emergency exits 24 Lower section, can also be located at emergency exits 24 second end 32 top.Emergency exits 24 are by being flipped up by closed state as a result, It converts to opening state.Emergency exits 24 use convertible structure, and passenger inside the vehicle only needs simple operations that can open rapidly, effectively mentions The efficiency of escape is risen, and convenient for the linkage of emergency exits 24 and cover board 26 of escaping.
Optionally, the linkage of escape cover board 26 and emergency exits 24, can be dominated by emergency exits 24, can also be by escape cover board 26 is leading.Specifically, can actively open emergency exits 24 when needing to evacuate passenger, escape cover board is driven by emergency exits 24 26 open escaping exit 25, can also actively open escape cover board 26, drive emergency exits 24 to open by escape cover board 26.Preferably, It is dominated by escape cover board 26, i.e., drives emergency exits 24 to open by opening escape cover board 26, escape cover board 26 can be prevented in this way There are article or passenger in its top and cause danger when opening.
Further, as shown in Figure 67 and Figure 68, the Emergency Ladder 27 for leading to escape route 11, escape are equipped in escaping exit 25 After mouth 25 is opened, passenger inside the vehicle can be transferred to escape route 11 by Emergency Ladder 27.
Optionally, Emergency Ladder 27 can stationary state and to be suspended in escaping exit 25 always, the lower end of Emergency Ladder 27 with The inner bottom surface of escape route 11 is spaced apart, and is travelled to avoid rail vehicle 20 is influenced.
Emergency Ladder 27 also can have contraction and stretching, extension two states and Emergency Ladder 27 has for driving Emergency Ladder 27 to stretch The retractable driving device of contracting.After escaping exit 25 is opened, Emergency Ladder 27 can be manually controlled and extend to escape route 11, can also be led to It crosses linkage and realizes that Emergency Ladder 27 extends to escape route 11 automatically, in the present embodiment, Emergency Ladder 27 can directly be taken after stretching On the inner bottom surface of escape route 11, it can also be spaced apart with the inner bottom surface of escape route 21.
Advantageously, escape cover board 26 can be pivotably mounted on emergency exits 24, when emergency exits 24 are flipped up opening Afterwards, escape cover board 26 interlocks with the rotation to be fitted on the inner surface of emergency exits 24, to save space, avoids escape 26 shadow of cover board Ring the evacuation of passenger.
In some specific examples of the invention, as shown in fig. 6, track 10 includes the first track girder 12, the second track girder 13 and load carrying floor 14.
First track girder 12 is parallel with the second track girder 13 and interval is arranged, and 21 straddle seat of bogie is in 12 He of the first track girder On second track girder 13.Load carrying floor 14 is located between the first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13, and load carrying floor 14 is distinguished It is connected with the first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13, is limited between the first track girder 12, the second track girder 13 and load carrying floor 14 Make escape route 11.It is possible thereby to which escape route 11 is arranged with 10, track, is not necessarily to using the structure of track 10 itself Additional component is set, it is at low cost, occupy little space and be conducive to reduce the load-bearing of track 10.In addition, track girder dimensions compared with Small, footprint is few, lighter in weight, and efficiency is high, good economy performance.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 6, load carrying floor 14 includes attachment beam 15, support frame 16 and support plate 17.15 edge of attachment beam The septal direction of first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13 extends, and the both ends of attachment beam 15 are respectively and under the first track girder 12 Portion is connected with the lower part of the second track girder 13.Support frame 16 is mounted on attachment beam 15.Support plate 17 is connected on support frame 16 And supported by support frame 16, support plate 17 constitutes the bottom surface of escape route 11.Since track 10 usually requires to utilize bridge pier high-altitude It sets up, and has scheduled distance can be in bridge pier and bridge pier using the structure of above-mentioned load carrying floor 14 between bridge pier and bridge pier Between formed along track 10 length direction extend escape route 11, and material consumption it is small, at low cost.
Advantageously, as shown in fig. 6, support plate 17 is in the horizontal direction and in the first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13 The setting of at least one interval can be convenient the gap between tool insertion support frame 16 and track girder, to pry open support in this way Plate 17 is with convenient to overhaul.
Optionally, attachment beam 15 is that multiple and length direction intervals along track 10 is arranged, and support plate 17 is multiple and edge The length direction of track 10 is sequentially connected.On the one hand, single attachment beam 15 and single support plate 17 easily facilitate processing, another party Face, convenient for the integral construction of track 10.
Those skilled in the art is it will be understood that multiple support plates 17 are sequentially connected including being connected directly or indirect phase Even, it is preferably connected directly.Wherein, when multiple support plates 17 are indirectly connected, the gap of adjacent shore plates 17 need to guarantee passenger It can be smoothly across not influencing passenger evacuation.
Further, as shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, in the first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13, the upper end of at least one and At least one end in lower end is equipped with anticreep rib 18, that anticreep rib 18 extends horizontally outward and for preventing bogie 21 from deviating from track 10.Specifically, anticreep rib 18 can be set at the top and/or bottom of the first track girder 12, and can be set in the first rail The lateral surface and/or medial surface of road beam 12;Anticreep rib 18 can be set at the top and/or bottom of the second track girder 13, and can The lateral surface and/or medial surface of the second track girder 13 is arranged in.Here those skilled in the art is it will be understood that anticreep The setting of rib 18 is that bogie 21 deviates from track 10 in order to prevent, to guarantee the stabilization of the driving conditions such as the turning of rail vehicle 20 Property, therefore, the part-structure of bogie 21 need to be placed in top anticreep rib 18 underface and/or bottom anticreep rib 18 just on Side.
For example, as shown in figure 8, the first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13 are formed by reinforcing bar and concrete casting, The medial surface and lateral surface at the top of the first track girder 12 are respectively equipped with anticreep rib 18, the medial surface at the top of the second track girder 13 It is respectively equipped with anticreep rib 18 with lateral surface, the first level wheel 710 of bogie 21 cooperates on the lateral surface of the first track girder 12 And 18 lower section of anticreep rib on the lateral surface at the top of the first track girder 12, the second horizontal wheels 720 cooperation of bogie 21 Below anticreep rib 18 on the lateral surface at the top on the lateral surface of the second track girder 13 and positioned at the second track girder 13, in this way Anticreep rib 18 can be moved up with backstop horizontal wheels, to play anticreep effect.
As shown in figure 9, the first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13 are formed by steel plate splicing, the top of the first track girder 12 Medial surface and lateral surface be respectively equipped with anticreep rib 18, the medial surface and lateral surface of the bottom of the first track girder 12 are respectively equipped with anti- De- rib 18, the medial surface and lateral surface at the top of the second track girder 13 are respectively equipped with anticreep rib 18, the bottom of the second track girder 13 Medial surface and lateral surface be respectively equipped with anticreep rib 18, the first level wheel 710 of bogie 21 cooperates in the first track girder 12 Anticreep rib 18 on the lateral surface at the top on lateral surface and positioned at the first track girder 12 and the anticreep rib on the lateral surface of bottom Between 18, the second horizontal wheels 720 of bogie 21 cooperate on the lateral surface of the second track girder 13 and are located at the second track girder 13 Top lateral surface on anticreep rib 18 and bottom lateral surface on anticreep rib 18 between, such anticreep rib 18 can be with backstop Horizontal wheels move up and down, to play anticreep effect.
In some embodiments of the invention, as shown in Figure 10, bogie 21 includes bogie frame 100, first Travelling wheel 210, the second travelling wheel 220 and driving device 300.
Bogie frame 100 has track recess portion 110 of the straddle seat on track 10.First travelling wheel 210 and the second traveling Wheel 220 is respectively pivotally mounted upon on bogie frame 100, and the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 it is coaxial and between Every setting.First travelling wheel 210 cooperates on the upper surface of the first track girder 12, and the second travelling wheel 220 cooperates in the second track The upper surface of beam 13.Driving device 300 is mounted on bogie frame 100, and driving device 300 is located at the first travelling wheel 210 And second between travelling wheel 220, the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 are driven by driving device 300, the first travelling wheel 210 Bogie 21 is driven to advance under the driving of driving device 300 along track 10 with the second travelling wheel 220, to draw 22 row of car body It sails.Thus it can use the gap installation driving device 300 between the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220, not only with section Save space, the utilization rate for improving space, and be conducive to center of gravity and distribute, and tire centerline can be increased away from raising driving device 300 To the uniform and stable property that the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 drive, to improve the stability of Rail Transit System 1 And comfort.
Optionally, driving device 300 can be motor, which has the first motor axis and the second motor operated synchronously Axis, the first motor axis and the first travelling wheel 210 are sequentially connected, and second motor shaft and the transmission of the second travelling wheel 220 connect It connects, thus driving device 300 drives the first travelling wheel 210 by first motor axis and drives the second traveling by the second motor shaft Wheel 220, and run simultaneously the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220.
Further, the first motor axis and second motor shaft are coaxially disposed and are integrated, and not only may be used in this way To guarantee the concentricity of first motor axis and the second motor shaft, and it can use the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 It is run simultaneously under the driving of driving device 300.
In other specific embodiments of the invention, as shown in Figure 46-Figure 49, bogie 21 includes bogie frame 100, the first travelling wheel 210, the second travelling wheel 220, third travelling wheel 230, the 4th travelling wheel 240 and driving device.
Bogie frame 100 has track recess portion 110 of the straddle seat on track 10.First travelling wheel 210 and the second traveling Wheel 220 is respectively pivotally mounted upon on bogie frame 100 and coaxial and be spaced setting, and the first travelling wheel 210 cooperates the On the upper surface of one track girder 12, the second travelling wheel 220 cooperates in the upper surface of the second track girder 13.230 He of third travelling wheel 4th travelling wheel 240 is respectively pivotally mounted upon on bogie frame 100 and coaxial and be spaced setting, third travelling wheel 230 Cooperate on the upper surface of the first track girder 12 and be spaced on the length direction of the first track girder 12 with the first travelling wheel 210 and is set It sets, the cooperation of the 4th travelling wheel 240 is on the upper surface of the second track girder 13 and with the second travelling wheel 220 in the second track girder 13 Setting is spaced on length direction.The driving device is mounted on bogie frame 100, and the driving device is located at the first traveling Wheel 210 and second between travelling wheel 220 and/or the driving device be located at third travelling wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 it Between, the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 are driven by the driving device and/or third travelling wheel 230 and the 4th traveling Wheel 240 is driven by the driving device.It can satisfy biggish load demand in this way, four travelling wheels can bear more to carry Lotus, the dimensions of passenger carrying capacity and car body to rail vehicle 20 is all advantageous promotion, and can effectively promote bogie 21 space efficiency utilization reduces the footprint of vehicle.
For example, as shown in figure 46, driving device can be one and be defined as first driving device 310, and first drives Dynamic device 310 is arranged between the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 and the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 It is driven by first driving device 310.
As shown in figure 47, driving device can be one and be defined as the second driving device 320, the second driving device 320 It is arranged between third travelling wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 and third travelling wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 is driven by second Dynamic device 320 drives.
As shown in figure 48, driving device is two and is respectively defined as first driving device 310 and the second driving device 320, first driving device 310 is arranged between the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 and the first travelling wheel 210 and the Two travelling wheels 220 are driven by first driving device 310, and the second driving device 320 is arranged in third travelling wheel 230 and the 4th traveling Between wheel 240 and third travelling wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 are driven by the second driving device 320.Wherein, the first driving dress 310 are set relative to the second travelling wheel 220 more adjacent to the first travelling wheel 210 and/or the second driving device 320 relative to third Travelling wheel 230 is more adjacent to the 4th travelling wheel 240, it is preferable that first driving device 310 relative to the second travelling wheel 220 more Neighbouring first travelling wheel 210 and the second driving device 320 relative to third travelling wheel 230 more adjacent to the 4th travelling wheel 240, i.e., First driving device 310 and the second driving device 320 are diagonally positioned, and thus bogie 21 is put down in the width direction of track 10 Weighing apparatus, and differential mechanism can be saved, to reduce cost.
Optionally, the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 pass through the connection of the first connecting shaft 250 and/or third traveling Wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 are connected by the second connecting shaft 260, the driving device and the first connecting shaft 250 and/or the The transmission connection of two connecting shafts 260.
For example, as shown in figure 49, the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 are connected by the first connecting shaft 250, the Three travelling wheels 230 and the connectionless axis connection of the 4th travelling wheel 240 and be supporting roller, driving device is one and to be defined as the first drive Dynamic device 310, first driving device 310 and the first connecting shaft 250 are sequentially connected.
In other words, Figure 10 shows the bogie 21 of two travelling wheels, and Figure 46-49 shows the bogie 21 of four travelling wheels, It can be single shaft, or twin shaft wherein for the bogie 21 of four travelling wheels.It is preferred that cross-compound arrangement is used, it can The greatly stability and security performance of lifting system.
In some embodiments of the invention, as shown in Fig. 4-Figure 66, bogie 21 further includes several first levels Wheel 710 and several second horizontal wheels 720, wherein " several " comprising one and multiple.
Several first level wheels 710 are pivotably mounted on bogie frame 100 and are adapted to fit in the one of track 10 Side, several second horizontal wheels 720 are pivotably mounted on bogie frame 100 and are adapted to fit in the other side of track 10. Specifically, on the side surface of the first track girder 12, several cooperations of second horizontal wheels 720 exist for several cooperations of first level wheel 710 On the side surface of second track girder 13.On the one hand, when track 10 turns to, first level wheel 710 and the cooperation of the second horizontal wheels 720 In the side surface of track 10, to form passive steering along track 10, and then rail vehicle 20 is driven to turn to, it on the other hand, can To improve the stability of rail vehicle 20 in motion.
Further, as shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 7, first level wheel 710 is connected with same with first level wheel 710 below The first level safety wheel 711 of movement is walked, the overall diameter of first level safety wheel 711 is less than the overall diameter of first level wheel 710. The the second horizontal safety wheel 721 moved synchronously with the second horizontal wheels 720, the second horizontal peace are connected with below second horizontal wheels 720 Overall diameter of the overall diameter of full wheel 721 less than the second horizontal wheels 720.Under normal circumstances, first level safety wheel 711 and the second water Flat safety wheel 721 is not contacted with track girder, and when horizontal wheels are blown out, horizontal safety wheel replaces horizontal wheels to contact with track girder, is protected Demonstrate,prove the stability that rail vehicle 20 travels.For example, when first level wheel 710 is normal first level safety wheel 711 not with the first rail Road beam 12 contacts, and when first level wheel 710 is blown out, first level safety wheel 711 is contacted with the side surface of the first track girder 12, To replace first level wheel 710.
In some specific examples of the invention, as shown in Figure 11 and Figure 50, several first level wheels 710 and several second Horizontal wheels 720 are located at sustained height in the up-down direction.Wherein, Figure 11 shows the first level of the bogie 21 of two travelling wheels Wheel 710 and the second horizontal wheels 720 are located at the example of sustained height, and Figure 50 shows the first level of the bogie 21 of four travelling wheels Wheel 710 and the second horizontal wheels 720 are located at the example of sustained height.It is possible thereby to be conducive to the whole steering behaviour of rail vehicle 20 Balance, uniform force during advancing with retrogressing, to be conducive to promote the excessively curved performance of rail vehicle 20.
In some specific examples of the invention, as shown in Figure 12 and Figure 51, first level wheel 710 is multiple and vertically Direction interval is simultaneously coaxially disposed, and the second horizontal wheels 720 are multiple and are spaced and are coaxially disposed along the vertical direction.Figure 12 shows two The example of the coaxial arrangement of about 710 first level wheel and the coaxial arrangement of the second about 720 horizontal wheels of the bogie 21 of travelling wheel, Figure 51 is shown in the coaxial arrangement of about 710 first level wheel and the second horizontal wheels 720 of the bogie 21 of four travelling wheels similarly hereinafter The example of axis setting.The stability of vehicle can be promoted in this way, and the horizontal wheels of lower section play stable effect, reduce railcar 20 in risk excessively curved or when running at high speed of toppling.
In some specific examples of the invention, as shown in Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 52 and Figure 53, first level wheel 710 is more A and difference is arranged with the length direction interval of the first track girder 12 along the vertical direction, and the second horizontal wheels 720 are multiple and difference It is arranged along the vertical direction with the length direction interval of the second track girder 13.I.e. about 710 first level wheel is staggered, the second water Flat about 720 wheel is staggered, wherein first level wheel 710 can be located at 720 top of the second horizontal wheels, first level wheel 710 720 lower section of the second horizontal wheels can also be located at.Figure 13 and Figure 14 shows the first level wheel 710 of the bogie 21 of two travelling wheels Be staggered the example being staggered with the second about 720 horizontal wheels up and down, and Figure 52 and Figure 53 show the steering of four travelling wheels About the 710 first level wheel of frame 21 is staggered the example being staggered with the second about 720 horizontal wheels.The water of top in this way To can accordingly play the guiding role when driving, the horizontal wheels of lower section farther out, can play stable, overturn-preventing flat wheel apart from car body 22 Effect.
In some embodiments of the invention, as shown in figure 15, several cooperations of first level wheel 710 are in the first track On the outer surface of beam 12, several cooperations of second horizontal wheels 720 are on the outer surface of the second track girder 13, i.e., horizontal wheels are matched It closes on the outer surface of track 10.Thus the center of two horizontal wheels is able to ascend system away from possible maximum distance is designed as Stability, be also beneficial to the center of gravity distribution of bogie 21 and vehicle.
In some embodiments of the invention, as shown in figure 16, several cooperations of first level wheel 710 are in the first track On the inner surface of beam 12, several cooperations of second horizontal wheels 720 are on the inner surface of the second track girder 13, i.e., horizontal wheels are matched It closes on the inner surface of track 10.The space inside track 10 can be efficiently used in this way, promote vehicle space utilization rate, and Horizontal wheels and conductor rail are located at track girder two sides, and the space of 22 lower part of car body can be effectively reduced, and reduce vehicle height.
In other specific embodiments of the invention, as shown in Figure 17-Figure 19, first level wheel 710 is multiple and divides Pei He not be on the outer surface and inner surface of the first track girder 12, the second horizontal wheels 720 are multiple and are respectively fitting into the On the outer surface and inner surface of two track girders 13, i.e., level is combined on the outer surface and inner surface of track 10 Wheel, horizontal wheels are simutaneously arranged inside and outside, and inside horizontal wheels play the role of stable, overturn-preventing, can greatly promote track The stability and security performance of vehicle 20.
Optionally, as shown in figure 17, first level wheel 710 and cooperation of the cooperation on the inner surface of the first track girder 12 The second horizontal wheels 720 on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 are located at sustained height in the up-down direction.Such as Figure 18 and figure Shown in 19, cooperates in the first level wheel 710 on the inner surface of the first track girder 12 and cooperate in the second track girder 13 The second horizontal wheels 720 on side surface are located at different height in the up-down direction, for example, as shown in figure 18, cooperating in the first rail First level wheel 710 on the inner surface of road beam 12 is higher than second level of the cooperation on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 Wheel 720, for another example as shown in figure 19, cooperating the first level wheel 710 on the inner surface of the first track girder 12 lower than cooperation The second horizontal wheels 720 on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 are located at different height in the up-down direction.
In some examples of the invention, as shown in Figure 11-Figure 41 and Figure 50-Figure 57, bogie 21 further includes the first collection Trolley 810 and the second collector shoe 820.
First collector shoe 810 is located on bogie frame 100 and is suitable for cooperating with the conductor rail of the side of track 10, second Collector shoe 820 is located on bogie frame 100 and is suitable for cooperating with the conductor rail of the other side of track 10.Specifically, the first rail The outer surface of road beam 12 is equipped with the first conductor rail 830 extended along the length direction of the first track girder 12, the second track girder 13 outer surface that be equipped with along the second track girder 13 length direction extension the second conductor rail 840.First collector shoe 810 Cooperate with the first conductor rail 830, the second collector shoe 820 and the second conductor rail 840 cooperate.First collector shoe 810 is led by first Electric rail 830 takes electricity, and the second collector shoe 820 takes electricity by the second conductor rail 840, for the use of rail vehicle 20.
In some specific examples of the invention, as shown in Figure 11, Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 50, Figure 52 and Figure 53, the first water Flat wheel 710 is arranged for multiple and length direction intervals along track 10, and the first collector shoe 810 is upper in the length direction of track 10 Between adjacent first level wheel 710, the second horizontal wheels 720 are that multiple and length direction intervals along track 10 is arranged, second Collector shoe 820 is on the length direction of track 10 between adjacent second horizontal wheels 720.First level wheel 710 be it is multiple and It is arranged along the length direction interval of the first track girder 12, the first collector shoe 810 is located on the length direction of the first track girder 12 Between adjacent first level wheel 710, the second horizontal wheels 720 are multiple and are arranged along the length direction interval of the second track girder 13, Second collector shoe 820 on the length direction of the second track girder 13 between adjacent second horizontal wheels 720, thus first level The stress that the stress of wheel 710 does not influence the first collector shoe 810 and the second horizontal wheels 720 does not influence the second collector shoe 820, and can be with Space utilization rate is improved, the structure of bogie 21 is simplified.
For example, Figure 11, Figure 13 and Figure 14 show the first collector shoe 810 of the bogie 21 of double travelling wheels first On the length direction of track girder 12 between adjacent first level wheel 710 and the second collector shoe 820 is in the second track girder 13 Example on length direction between adjacent second horizontal wheels 720, wherein multiple first level wheels 710 and multiple second water Flat wheel 720 can be located at sustained height, and multiple first level wheels 710 can also be staggered up and down and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can also be staggered up and down, i.e., multiple first level wheels 710 and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can also be located at different height Degree.
Figure 50, Figure 52 and Figure 53 show the first collector shoe 810 of the bogie 21 of four travelling wheels in the first track girder 12 Length direction between adjacent first level wheel 710 and the second collector shoe 820 the second track girder 13 length direction The upper example between adjacent second horizontal wheels 720, wherein multiple first level wheels 710 and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can Be located at sustained height, multiple first level wheels 710 can also be staggered up and down and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can also more than Under be staggered.
Optionally, multiple first level wheels 710 are adapted to fit on an outer surface for track 10, multiple second water Flat wheel 720 is adapted to fit on another outer surface of track 10.Specifically, multiple first level wheels 710 are adapted for engagement with On the outer surface of the first track girder 12, multiple second horizontal wheels 720 are adapted to fit in the outer surface of the second track girder 13 On.
It can also be with multiple first level wheels 710 are suitable for being respectively fitting into an outer surface and an inside for track 10 On surface, multiple second horizontal wheels 720 are suitable for being respectively fitting into another outer surface and another inner surface of track 10 On, it is adjacent on an outer surface for track 10 that the first collector shoe 810 is located at cooperation on the length direction of track 10 Between first level wheel 710, the second collector shoe 820 is located at cooperation in the described another of track 10 on the length direction of track 10 Between adjacent second horizontal wheels 720 on outer surface.Specifically, multiple first level wheels 710 are suitable for being respectively fitting into first On the outer surface and inner surface of track girder 12, multiple second horizontal wheels 720 are suitable for being respectively fitting into the second track girder 13 On outer surface and inner surface, the first collector shoe 810 is located at cooperation in the first rail on the length direction of the first track girder 12 Between adjacent first level wheel 710 on the outer surface of road beam 12, the second collector shoe 820 is in the length side of the second track girder 13 It is located at cooperation upwards between adjacent second horizontal wheels 720 on the outer surface of the second track girder 13.
In some specific examples of the invention, as shown in Figure 20-Figure 23 and Figure 54-Figure 57, first level wheel 710 is more For the cooperation of a and at least one first level wheel 710 on an outer surface of track 10, the second horizontal wheels 720 are multiple and at least One the second horizontal wheels 720 cooperation is on another outer surface of track 10.The institute of first collector shoe 810 and cooperation in track 10 Stating any one first level wheel 710 on an outer surface, face is arranged in the up-down direction, and the second collector shoe 820 exists with cooperation Face is arranged second horizontal wheels 720 in the up-down direction either one or two of on another outer surface of track 10.Specifically, One horizontal wheels 710 are the cooperation of multiple and at least one first level wheel 710 on the outer surface of the first track girder 12, the first collection Any one first level wheel 710 on the outer surface of the first track girder 12 of trolley 810 and cooperation face in the up-down direction Setting, for example, the central axis of the first collector shoe 810 is overlapped with the central axis of any one first level wheel 710.Second is horizontal Wheel 720 is the cooperation of multiple and at least one second horizontal wheels 720 on the outer surface of the second track girder 13, the second collector shoe 820 with any one second horizontal wheels 720 in the up-down direction face be arranged, for example, the central axis of the second collector shoe 820 with appoint The central axis of one the second horizontal wheels 720 is overlapped.In other words, collector shoe is preposition or postposition.It is possible thereby to make full use of level The installation space of wheel, horizontal wheels and collector shoe are also total to the same installing mechanism, are not required to that collector shoe installing mechanism additionally is arranged, favorably In the structure simplification and weight saving of bogie 21.
For example, Figure 20-Figure 23 show the bogie 21 of double travelling wheels collector shoe is preposition or the example of postposition, In, multiple first level wheels 710 and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can be located at sustained height, and multiple first level wheels 710 can also Different height can also be located to be located at different height and multiple second horizontal wheels 720, multiple first level wheels 710 can also on Lower interval is coaxially disposed and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can also be between the upper and lower every coaxial arrangement.
Figure 54-Figure 57 show the bogie 21 of four travelling wheels collector shoe is preposition or the example of postposition, wherein Duo Ge One horizontal wheels 710 and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can be located at sustained height, and multiple first level wheels 710 can also be located at not With height and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can also be located at different height, and multiple first level wheels 710 can also be between the upper and lower every same Axis is arranged and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can also be between the upper and lower every coaxial arrangement.
Optionally, multiple first level wheels 710 are adapted to fit on an outer surface for track 10, multiple second water Flat wheel 720 is adapted to fit on another outer surface of track 10.Specifically, multiple first level wheels 710 are adapted for engagement with On the outer surface of the first track girder 12, multiple second horizontal wheels 720 are adapted to fit in the outer surface of the second track girder 13 On.
It can also be with multiple first level wheels 710 are suitable for being respectively fitting into an outer surface and an inside for track 10 On surface, multiple second horizontal wheels 720 are suitable for being respectively fitting into another outer surface and another inner surface of track 10 On.Specifically, multiple first level wheels 710 are suitable for being respectively fitting on the outer surface and inner surface of the first track girder 12, Multiple second horizontal wheels 720 are suitable for being respectively fitting on the outer surface and inner surface of the second track girder 13.
In some embodiments of the invention, as shown in Figure 24-Figure 28, the first collector shoe 810 is located at several first The top of each in horizontal wheels 710, the second collector shoe 820 are located at the top of each in several second horizontal wheels 720.Current collection Boots reduce at a distance from driving device 300, are conducive to energy transmission and room for promotion utilization rate.
For example, first level wheel 710 can cooperate on the outer surface of the first track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can cooperate on the outer surface of the second track girder 13 (as shown in figure 24).First level wheel 710 can also cooperate On the inner surface of one track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can also cooperate on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Shown in Figure 25).First level wheel 710 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface and outer surface of the first track girder 12 and Two horizontal wheels 720 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface and outer surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Figure 26-Figure 28 institute Show), wherein cooperate in the first level wheel 710 of the inner surface of the first track girder 12 and cooperation in the second track girder 13 Second horizontal wheels 720 of side surface are located at sustained height or are located at different height.
In some embodiments of the invention, as shown in Figure 29-Figure 33, the first collector shoe 810 is located at several first The lower section of each in horizontal wheels 710, the second collector shoe 820 are located at the lower section of each in several second horizontal wheels 720, thus Horizontal wheels are arranged in close to the position on track girder top, are conducive to the riding stability of rail vehicle 20.
For example, first level wheel 710 can cooperate on the outer surface of the first track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can cooperate on the outer surface of the second track girder 13 (as shown in figure 29).First level wheel 710 can also cooperate On the inner surface of one track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can also cooperate on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Shown in Figure 30).First level wheel 710 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface and outer surface of the first track girder 12 and Two horizontal wheels 720 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface and outer surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Figure 31-Figure 33 institute Show), wherein cooperate in the first level wheel 710 of the inner surface of the first track girder 12 and cooperation in the second track girder 13 Second horizontal wheels 720 of side surface are located at sustained height or are located at different height.
In some embodiments of the invention, as shown in Figure 34-Figure 36, the first collector shoe 810 is located at several first The lower section of each in horizontal wheels 710, the second collector shoe 820 are located at the top of each in several second horizontal wheels 720.Thus Collector shoe carries out arrangement up and down according to the polarity difference by obtaining current, such as upper positive is flowed, and lower part is flowed in opposite side cathode, Be conducive to space in this way to distribute and promote the safety flowed.
For example, first level wheel 710 can cooperate on the outer surface of the first track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can cooperate on the outer surface of the second track girder 13 (as shown in figure 34).First level wheel 710 can also cooperate On the inner surface of one track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can also cooperate on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Shown in Figure 35).First level wheel 710 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface and outer surface of the first track girder 12 and Two horizontal wheels 720 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface and outer surface of the second track girder 13 (as shown in figure 36), In, cooperate the first track girder 12 inner surface first level wheel 710 and cooperation the second track girder 13 inner surface The second horizontal wheels 720 be located at sustained height or be located at different height.
In some embodiments of the invention, as shown in Figure 37-Figure 41, first level wheel 710 is multiple and along upper The setting of lower direction interval, the first collector shoe 810 is in the up-down direction between adjacent first level wheel 710.Second horizontal wheels 720 are located at adjacent second horizontal wheels 720 for multiple and interval setting along the vertical direction, the second collector shoe 820 in the up-down direction Between.It is possible thereby to be conducive to the distribution and integrally-built stabilization in space.
For example, first level wheel 710 can cooperate on the outer surface of the first track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can cooperate on the outer surface of the second track girder 13 (as shown in figure 37).First level wheel 710 can also cooperate On the inner surface of one track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can also cooperate on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Shown in Figure 38).First level wheel 710 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface and outer surface of the first track girder 12 and Two horizontal wheels 720 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface and outer surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Figure 39-Figure 41 institute Show), wherein cooperate in the first level wheel 710 of the inner surface of the first track girder 12 and cooperation in the second track girder 13 Second horizontal wheels 720 of side surface are located at sustained height or are located at different height, and the first collector shoe 810 is located in the up-down direction Cooperation is between the adjacent first level wheel 710 of the outer surface of the first track girder 12, and the second collector shoe 820 is in the up-down direction Positioned at cooperation between adjacent second horizontal wheels 720 of the outer surface of the second track girder 13.
In another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 69, Rail Transit System 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention can It is connect with being applied to backbone with the traffic of each living community, therefore, the volume of rail vehicle 20 is relative to backbone railcar Volume it is smaller, so as to cancel conductor rail and collector shoe, using power battery 28 power, power battery 28 be railcar 20 traveling provides power, naturally it is also possible to power at other electricity consumptions of rail vehicle 20, it is possible thereby to simplify structure with And power supply line, reduce cost.
Specifically, the position other than bogie 21 can be set in power battery 28, such as it may be mounted at compartment 23 Bottom, also may be mounted at the inside in compartment 23.Power battery 28 can guarantee with normal required speed operation, and in passenger flow Automatic charging is carried out when lesser.
In some specific examples of the invention, as shown in Figure 42, Figure 43 and Figure 58-Figure 63, bogie 21 further includes One supported and suspended device 910 and the second supported and suspended device 920.
First supported and suspended device 910 and the second supported and suspended device 920 are separately mounted to bogie frame 100 and difference It is connected with car body 22, the first supported and suspended device 910 is suitable for supporting the side of car body 22 and the second supported and suspended device 920 is suitable for Support the other side of car body 22.The length direction of first supported and suspended device 910 and the second supported and suspended device 920 along track 10 Interval setting is suitable for supporting the other side of car body 22, in the horizontal plane, the central axis and second of the first supported and suspended device 910 Supported and suspended 920 central axis of device is located on the central axis of bogie frame 100 and the central axis of the bogie frame 100 Line divides bogie frame 100 equally in the width direction of track 10.
Alternatively, the first supported and suspended device 910 and the second supported and suspended device 920 are set along the width direction interval of track 10 It sets, in the horizontal plane, the central axis position of the central axis of the first supported and suspended device 910 and the second supported and suspended device 920 In on the central axis of bogie frame 100 and the central axis of the bogie frame 100 on the length direction of track 10 put down Divide bogie frame 100.
First supported and suspended device 910 and the second supported and suspended device 920 are used to support car body 22 and play damping, buffering Effect, the stress and support effect of the first supported and suspended device 910 and the second supported and suspended device 920 are uniform, to protect The stationarity and comfort of rail vehicle 20 are demonstrate,proved, and cost is relatively low.
For example, Figure 42 and Figure 43 shows two travelling wheels and two supported and suspended bogies 21, and first is supported and suspended Device 910 and the second supported and suspended device 920 can be arranged along the length direction interval of track 10 and be located at the width in track 10 Divide equally on the central axis of bogie frame 100 (as shown in figure 43) on degree direction.First supported and suspended device 910 and second Support suspension arrangement 920 can also be arranged along the width direction interval of track 10 and be located to divide equally on the length direction of track 10 and turn To the central axis (as shown in figure 42) of framework frame 100.
Figure 58-Figure 63 shows four travelling wheels and two supported and suspended bogies 21, the first supported and suspended device 910 and Two supported and suspended devices 920 can be arranged and be located at along the length direction interval of track 10 to be divided equally in the width direction of track 10 On the central axis of bogie frame 100 (as shown in Figure 61-Figure 63).First supported and suspended device 910 and second is supported and suspended Device 920, which can also be arranged and be located at along the width direction interval of track 10, divides steering structure equally on the length direction of track 10 On the central axis of frame 100 (as shown in Figure 58-Figure 60).
Wherein, driving device can be one and be defined as first driving device 310, and the setting of first driving device 310 exists Between first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 (as shown in Figure 58 and Figure 61).Driving device can be one and be defined as (such as Figure 59 is arranged between third travelling wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 in second driving device 320, the second driving device 320 With shown in Figure 61).Driving device is two and is respectively defined as first driving device 310 and the second driving device 320, and first drives Dynamic device 310 is arranged between the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 and the setting of the second driving device 320 is walked in third Between row wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240, first driving device 310 is relative to the second travelling wheel 220 more adjacent to the first traveling Wheel 210, and the second driving device 320 relative to third travelling wheel 230 more adjacent to the 4th travelling wheel 240 (such as Figure 60 and Figure 63 It is shown).
In other specific embodiments of the invention, as shown in Figure 44 and Figure 64-Figure 66, bogie 21 further includes first Supported and suspended device 910, the second supported and suspended device 920, the supported and suspended device 930 of third and the 4th supported and suspended device 940.
The supported and suspended device 930 of first supported and suspended device 910, the second supported and suspended device 920, third and the 4th support Suspension arrangement 940 is separately mounted to bogie frame 100 and is connected respectively with car body 22.First supported and suspended device 910, second The supported and suspended device 930 of supported and suspended device 920, third and the 4th supported and suspended device 940 are located at one in horizontal plane The central symmetry of four corners and the rectangle about bogie frame 100 of rectangle.In other words, in the horizontal plane, described After rectangle rotates 180 ° around the center of bogie frame 100, postrotational rectangle is overlapped with the rectangle before rotation.First support Suspension arrangement 910, the second supported and suspended device 920, the supported and suspended device 930 of third and the 4th supported and suspended device 940 are used for Support car body 22 simultaneously plays the role of damping, buffering, the first supported and suspended device 910, the second supported and suspended device 920, third branch The stress and support effect for supportting suspension arrangement 930 and the 4th supported and suspended device 940 are uniform, to promote rail vehicle 20 Stationarity and comfort.
For example, Figure 44 shows two travelling wheels and four supported and suspended bogies 21, the first supported and suspended device 910, the supported and suspended device of the second supported and suspended device 920, third 930 and the 4th supported and suspended device 940 are about steering structure Frame 100 is centrosymmetrically arranged.
Figure 64-Figure 65 shows four travelling wheels and four supported and suspended bogies 21, the first supported and suspended device 910, The supported and suspended device 930 of two supported and suspended devices 920, third and the 4th supported and suspended device 940 are about bogie frame 100 It is centrosymmetrically arranged.
Wherein, driving device can be one and be defined as first driving device 310, and the setting of first driving device 310 exists Between first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 (as shown in Figure 64).Driving device can be one and be defined as the second drive Dynamic device 320, the second driving device 320 are arranged between third travelling wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 (as shown in Figure 65). Driving device is two and is respectively defined as first driving device 310 and the second driving device 320, and first driving device 310 is set It sets between the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 and the setting of the second driving device 320 is in third travelling wheel 230 and the Between four travelling wheels 240, first driving device 310 relative to the second travelling wheel 220 more adjacent to the first travelling wheel 210, and Two driving devices 320 are relative to third travelling wheel 230 more adjacent to the 4th travelling wheel 240 (as shown in Figure 66).
In some embodiments of the invention, as shown in Figure 10, Figure 42-Figure 44, Figure 46-Figure 49 and Figure 58-Figure 66, First level wheel 710 is two and is arranged along the length direction interval of the first track girder 12 that second horizontal wheels 720 are two and edge The length direction interval of second track girder 13 is arranged.The central axis and two the second horizontal wheels 720 of two first level wheels 710 Central axis be located at four corners of a rectangle and the rectangle about in bogie frame 100 in horizontal plane The heart is symmetrical.In other words, in the horizontal plane, after the rectangle rotates 180 ° around the center of bogie frame 100, postrotational rectangle It is overlapped with the rectangle before rotation.It is possible thereby to be evenly arranged four horizontal wheels in the horizontal plane, guarantee that horizontal wheels drive railcar 20 turn to and stability when straight-line travelling.
It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that ground is, the virtual rectangle that above-mentioned rectangle assumes that, the rectangle be in order to Clearly express the supported and suspended device 930 of the first supported and suspended device 910, the second supported and suspended device 920, third and the 4th support The arrangement of suspension arrangement 940 in the horizontal plane.
In the example shown in Figure 44 and Figure 64-Figure 66, the central axis and two the second water of two first level wheels 710 The central axis of flat wheel 720, can respectively with the central axis of the first supported and suspended device 910, the second supported and suspended device 920 Central axis, the supported and suspended device 930 of third central axis and the 4th supported and suspended device 940 central axis be overlapped.
In some embodiments of the invention, as shown in Figure 70, first level wheel 710 and the second horizontal wheels 720 are divided Wei not be one, first level wheel 710 and the second horizontal wheels 720 are arranged along the width direction interval of track 10, and first level wheel 710 and second horizontal wheels 720 on the length direction of track 10 along the driving direction slip-angle steering framework frame 100 of rail vehicle 20 Center (arrow in Figure 70 shows the driving direction of rail vehicle 20).In other words, first level wheel 710 and the second level Wheel 720 center of slip-angle steering framework frame 100 and first level wheel 710 and second horizontal wheels on the length direction of track 10 720 offset direction is consistent with the driving direction of rail vehicle 20.For example, first level wheel 710 and the second horizontal wheels 720 are located at Bogie frame 100 is on the length direction of track 10 towards the side of 20 driving direction of rail vehicle.Rail vehicle 20 is expert at During vehicle, the horizontal wheels of direction of traffic side, which serve, to be primarily directed toward, in turning, with direction of traffic opposite direction side Horizontal wheels can interfere with bogie frame 100 and generate side effect, therefore for the rail of unidirectional Rail Transit System 1 or annular Pipeline transportation system 1 eliminates the horizontal wheels with direction of traffic opposite direction side, so as to eliminate in turning to bogie The interference of framework 100, and the weight of rail vehicle 20 can be mitigated, reduce the cost of rail vehicle 20.
In some specific examples of the invention, as shown in figure 45, for the bogie 21 of two travelling wheels, first is walked The overall diameter of the capable overall diameter for taking turns 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 is identical and is 900-1100 millimeters.Steering for four travelling wheels For frame 21, the overall diameter of the first travelling wheel 210, the overall diameter of the second travelling wheel 220, third travelling wheel 230 overall diameter and The overall diameter of 4th travelling wheel 240 is identical and is 900-1100 millimeters.It is possible thereby in the feelings for the load-bearing capacity for improving travelling wheel Under condition, influence of the travelling wheel to space in compartment 23 is minimized, so as to improve passenger capacity.
Other of Rail Transit System 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention are constituted and are operated for ordinary skill people Member for be all it is known, be not detailed herein.
In addition, the single technical characteristic in the various embodiments described above is not being done it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that ground is It relates to, in reconcilable situation, can be combined with each other.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom" "inner", "outside", " up time The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as needle ", " counterclockwise " is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of The description present invention and simplified description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, with spy Fixed orientation construction and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second " are used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance Or implicitly indicate the quantity of indicated technical characteristic.Define " first " as a result, the feature of " second " can be expressed or Implicitly include one or more of the features.In the description of the present invention, the meaning of " plurality " is at least two, such as two It is a, three etc., unless otherwise specifically defined.
In the present invention unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " fixation " etc. Term shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or integral;It can be mechanical connect It connects, is also possible to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, can also can be in two elements indirectly connected through an intermediary The interaction relationship of the connection in portion or two elements.It for the ordinary skill in the art, can be according to specific feelings Condition understands the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " specifically show The description of example " or " some examples " etc. means specific features, structure, material or spy described in conjunction with this embodiment or example Point is included at least one embodiment or example of the invention.In the present specification, schematic expression of the above terms are not It must be directed to identical embodiment or example.Moreover, particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described can be in office What can be combined in any suitable manner in one or more embodiment or examples.In addition, those skilled in the art can say this Different embodiments or examples described in bright book are engaged and are combined.
Although the embodiments of the present invention has been shown and described above, it is to be understood that above-described embodiment is example Property, it is not considered as limiting the invention, those skilled in the art within the scope of the invention can be to above-mentioned Embodiment is changed, modifies, replacement and variant.

Claims (18)

1. a kind of bogie characterized by comprising
Bogie frame, the bogie frame, which has, is suitable for straddle seat track recess portion in orbit;
Several first level wheels, several first level wheels are pivotably mounted on the bogie frame and are adapted for engagement with In the side of the track;
Several second horizontal wheels, several second horizontal wheels are pivotably mounted on the bogie frame and are adapted for engagement with In the other side of the track;
First collector shoe, first collector shoe are located on the bogie frame and are suitable for and the side of the track Conductor rail cooperation, first collector shoe are located at below several first level wheels;
Second collector shoe, second collector shoe are located on the bogie frame and are suitable for the other side with the track Conductor rail cooperation, second collector shoe is located at below several second horizontal wheels;
First travelling wheel and the second travelling wheel, first travelling wheel and the second travelling wheel are respectively pivotally mounted upon described turn It is on framework frame and coaxial and be spaced setting;
Driving device, the driving device are mounted on the bogie frame and are located at first travelling wheel and described second Between travelling wheel, first travelling wheel and second travelling wheel are driven by the driving device, and the driving device is electricity Machine, the motor have the first motor axis and the second motor shaft operated synchronously, the first motor axis and first traveling Wheel transmission connection, second motor shaft and second travelling wheel are sequentially connected.
2. bogie according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first motor axis and second motor shaft are coaxial It is arranged and is integrated.
3. bogie according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first level wheel is connected with and the first level Wheel moves synchronously and first level safety wheel of the overall diameter less than the overall diameter of the first level wheel, the second horizontal wheels company Be connected to moved synchronously with second horizontal wheels and overall diameter be less than second horizontal wheels overall diameter the second horizontal safety Wheel.
4. bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, which is characterized in that several first level wheels and described Several second horizontal wheels are located at sustained height in the up-down direction.
5. bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, which is characterized in that the first level wheel is multiple and edge Up and down direction interval is simultaneously coaxially disposed, and second horizontal wheels are multiple and are spaced and are coaxially disposed along the vertical direction.
6. bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, which is characterized in that the first level wheel is multiple and divides It is not arranged along the vertical direction with the length direction interval of the track, second horizontal wheels are multiple and distinguish along the vertical direction It is arranged with the length direction interval of the track.
7. bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, which is characterized in that several first level wheels are suitable for matching It closes on an outer surface of the track, several second horizontal wheels are adapted to fit in another outer surface of the track On.
8. bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, which is characterized in that several first level wheels are suitable for matching It closes on an inner surface of the track, several second horizontal wheels are adapted to fit in another inner surface of the track On.
9. bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, which is characterized in that the first level wheel is multiple and suitable In on the outer surface and an inner surface for being respectively fitting into the track, second horizontal wheels are multiple and are suitable for difference Cooperation is on another outer surface and another inner surface of the track.
10. bogie according to claim 9, which is characterized in that cooperation is on an inner surface for the track First level wheel be located in the up-down direction with second horizontal wheels of the cooperation on another inner surface of the track Different height.
11. bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, which is characterized in that the first level wheel be it is multiple and It is arranged along the length direction interval of the track, first collector shoe is located at adjacent first on the length direction of the track Between horizontal wheels, second horizontal wheels are that multiple and length direction intervals along the track is arranged, second collector shoe On the length direction of the track between adjacent second horizontal wheels.
12. bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, which is characterized in that the first level wheel be it is multiple and It is arranged along the length direction interval of the track, first collector shoe and any one first level wheel face in the up-down direction Setting, second horizontal wheels are that length direction interval multiple and along the track is arranged, second collector shoe with it is any Face is arranged a second horizontal wheels in the up-down direction.
13. bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, which is characterized in that the first level wheel be two and It is arranged along the length direction interval of the track, second horizontal wheels are two and set along the length direction interval of the track It sets, the central axis of two first level wheels and the central axis of two second horizontal wheels are located in horizontal plane The central symmetry of four corners and the rectangle about the bogie frame of one rectangle.
14. bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, which is characterized in that the first level wheel and described Two horizontal wheels are respectively one, and the first level wheel and second horizontal wheels are suitable for along the width direction interval of the track Setting, and the first level wheel and second horizontal wheels are suitable on the length direction of the track along the traveling side of car body To the center for deviateing the bogie frame.
15. bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, which is characterized in that further include:
First supported and suspended device, the first supported and suspended device are mounted on the bogie frame and are suitable for support car body Side;
Second supported and suspended device, the second supported and suspended device are mounted on the bogie frame and are suitable for described in support The other side of car body.
16. bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, which is characterized in that the overall diameter of first travelling wheel It is identical with the overall diameter of second travelling wheel and be 900-1100 millimeters.
17. a kind of rail vehicle characterized by comprising
Car body;
Bogie, the bogie are the bogie according to any one of claim 1-16, and the bogie is mounted on The bottom of the car body.
18. a kind of Rail Transit System characterized by comprising
Track;
Rail vehicle, the rail vehicle are the rail vehicle according to claim 17.
CN201610840284.4A 2016-09-21 2016-09-21 Bogie and rail vehicle and Rail Transit System with it Active CN106985867B (en)

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