CN106985859A - Bogie and rail vehicle and Rail Transit System with it - Google Patents

Bogie and rail vehicle and Rail Transit System with it Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106985859A
CN106985859A CN201610840584.2A CN201610840584A CN106985859A CN 106985859 A CN106985859 A CN 106985859A CN 201610840584 A CN201610840584 A CN 201610840584A CN 106985859 A CN106985859 A CN 106985859A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bogie
wheel
track
travelling wheel
level
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610840584.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106985859B (en
Inventor
任林
曾浩
刘俊杰
彭方宏
李燕阳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BYD Co Ltd
Original Assignee
BYD Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BYD Co Ltd filed Critical BYD Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610840584.2A priority Critical patent/CN106985859B/en
Publication of CN106985859A publication Critical patent/CN106985859A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106985859B publication Critical patent/CN106985859B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D19/00Door arrangements specially adapted for rail vehicles
    • B61D19/02Door arrangements specially adapted for rail vehicles for carriages
    • B61D19/023Emergency exits
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L5/00Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles
    • B60L5/38Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles for collecting current from conductor rails
    • B60L5/39Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles for collecting current from conductor rails from third rail
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61CLOCOMOTIVES; MOTOR RAILCARS
    • B61C3/00Electric locomotives or railcars
    • B61C3/02Electric locomotives or railcars with electric accumulators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61CLOCOMOTIVES; MOTOR RAILCARS
    • B61C9/00Locomotives or motor railcars characterised by the type of transmission system used; Transmission systems specially adapted for locomotives or motor railcars
    • B61C9/38Transmission systems in or for locomotives or motor railcars with electric motor propulsion
    • B61C9/48Transmission systems in or for locomotives or motor railcars with electric motor propulsion with motors supported on vehicle frames and driving axles, e.g. axle or nose suspension
    • B61C9/50Transmission systems in or for locomotives or motor railcars with electric motor propulsion with motors supported on vehicle frames and driving axles, e.g. axle or nose suspension in bogies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D23/00Construction of steps for railway vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F13/00Rail vehicles characterised by wheel arrangements, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/02Arrangements permitting limited transverse relative movements between vehicle underframe or bolster and bogie; Connections between underframes and bogies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/50Other details
    • B61F5/52Bogie frames
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F9/00Rail vehicles characterised by means for preventing derailing, e.g. by use of guide wheels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B25/00Tracks for special kinds of railways
    • E01B25/08Tracks for mono-rails with centre of gravity of vehicle above the load-bearing rail
    • E01B25/10Mono-rails; Auxiliary balancing rails; Supports or connections for rails
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/26Rail vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B2204/00Characteristics of the track and its foundations
    • E01B2204/15Layout or geometry of the track
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T30/00Transportation of goods or passengers via railways, e.g. energy recovery or reducing air resistance

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of bogie and rail vehicle and Rail Transit System with it, the bogie includes:Bogie frame, the bogie frame, which has, is suitable to straddle seat track recess in orbit;First travelling wheel and the second travelling wheel, first travelling wheel and the second travelling wheel are respectively pivotally mounted upon on the bogie frame and coaxial and be arranged at intervals;Drive device, the drive device is arranged on the bogie frame and positioned between first travelling wheel and second travelling wheel, and first travelling wheel and second travelling wheel are driven by the drive device.Bogie according to embodiments of the present invention is beneficial to the structure of optimization passway for escaping, and has the advantages that space availability ratio height, stability are high.

Description

Bogie and rail vehicle and Rail Transit System with it
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of transportation, in particular to a kind of bogie, the railcar with the bogie And the Rail Transit System with the rail vehicle.
Background technology
The Rail Transit Systems such as straddle-type monorail train, inevitably because failure during actual travel Or other factorses and cause to stop in emergency, now, for the ease of maintenance or for the consideration of passenger safety, in-car need to be evacuated in time Passenger, therefore, some straddle-type monorail trains are used provided with passway for escaping with case of emergency evacuating passenger.But in correlation technique Straddle-type monorail train with passway for escaping, cost is higher, space-consuming is larger, and track load-bearing is excessive, and stability is present Hidden danger.
The content of the invention
What the present invention was made based on present inventor to the discovery of following facts and problem:
Straddle-type monorail train in correlation technique, for the ease of in case of emergency evacuating passenger, there is provided independent Passway for escaping.Specifically, framework is set by extra in orbit, framework is generally connected to the sidepiece of track and stretched laterally Go out, then architecturally laying floor with formed evacuation passenger passage.
Present inventor is had found by substantial amounts of research and experiment, and the straddle-type of passway for escaping is provided with correlation technique Why monorail train has that cost is high, space-consuming is big, stability has the deficiencies such as hidden danger, exactly by above-mentioned passway for escaping Caused by structure, concrete reason is as follows:
The floor laid due to framework and thereon is independently of the additional structure outside track, and vehicle is in traveling During the specific place for occurring emergency can not predict, it is therefore desirable to (except station on the whole length direction of track At platform) passway for escaping of this structure is additionally set, quantities is huge, is not only added significantly to cost, and framework and ground Plate is located at the sidepiece of track, additionally extends a part equivalent on the width of track, occupies big quantity space.This Outside, framework and floor have certain weight in itself, and no matter whether vehicle occurs emergency, and framework and floor set up in-orbit On road, that is to say, that even if normal vehicle operation, track still wants the weight on support framework and floor, so increases track Supporting power, the stability to track generates adverse effect.
It is contemplated that at least solving one of above-mentioned technical problem in correlation technique to a certain extent.Therefore, this hair Bright to propose a kind of bogie, the bogie is beneficial to the structure of optimization passway for escaping, and with space availability ratio height, stability height etc. Advantage.
The present invention also proposes a kind of rail vehicle with the bogie.
The present invention also proposes a kind of Rail Transit System with the rail vehicle.
To achieve the above object, embodiment according to the first aspect of the invention proposes a kind of bogie, the bogie Including:Bogie frame, the bogie frame, which has, is suitable to straddle seat track recess in orbit;First travelling wheel and second Travelling wheel, first travelling wheel and the second travelling wheel be respectively pivotally mounted upon on the bogie frame and it is coaxial and between Every setting;Drive device, the drive device is arranged on the bogie frame and is located at first travelling wheel and described Between second travelling wheel, first travelling wheel and second travelling wheel are driven by the drive device.
Bogie according to embodiments of the present invention is beneficial to the structure of optimization passway for escaping, and high, steady with space availability ratio Qualitative high the advantages of.
In addition, bogie according to embodiments of the present invention can also have technical characteristic additional as follows:
According to one embodiment of present invention, the drive device is motor, and the motor has the first of run-in synchronism Motor shaft and the second motor shaft, first motor shaft are connected with first travelling wheel, second motor shaft and institute State the drive connection of the second travelling wheel.
According to one embodiment of present invention, first motor shaft and second motor shaft are coaxially disposed and are integrated Part.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the bogie also includes:Some first level wheels, some first water It is flat to take turns the side for being pivotably mounted on the bogie frame and being adapted to fit in the track;Some second horizontal wheels, Some second horizontal wheels are pivotably mounted on the bogie frame and are adapted to fit in the opposite side of the track.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first level wheel be connected be synchronized with the movement with the first level wheel and Overall diameter is less than the first level safety wheel of the overall diameter of the first level wheel, and second horizontal wheels are connected with and described the Two horizontal wheels be synchronized with the movement and overall diameter be less than second horizontal wheels overall diameter the second horizontal safety wheel.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first level wheel is two and along the length direction interval of the track Set, second horizontal wheels are two and are arranged at intervals along the length direction of the track, two first level wheels Central axis and the central axis of two second horizontal wheels horizontal plane be located at respectively four corners of a rectangle and Central Symmetry of the rectangle on the bogie frame.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first level wheel and second horizontal wheels are respectively one, described The travel direction of first level wheel and second horizontal wheels along car body deviates the center of the bogie frame.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the bogie also includes:First collector shoe, first collector shoe is located at On the bogie frame and suitable for coordinating with the conductor rail of the side of the track;Second collector shoe, second collector shoe It is located on the bogie frame and suitable for coordinating with the conductor rail of the opposite side of the track.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the bogie also includes:First supported and suspended device, first support Suspension arrangement is arranged on the bogie frame and suitable for the side of support car body;Second supported and suspended device, described second Supported and suspended device is arranged on the bogie frame and suitable for the opposite side of the support car body.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the overall diameter of the overall diameter of first travelling wheel and second travelling wheel It is identical and for 900-1100 millimeters.
Embodiment according to the second aspect of the invention proposes a kind of rail vehicle, and the rail vehicle includes:Car body;Turn To frame, the bogie is the bogie according to the embodiment of the first aspect of the present invention, and the bogie is arranged on institute State the bottom of car body.
Rail vehicle according to embodiments of the present invention, by using described in embodiment according to the first aspect of the invention Bogie, has the advantages that structure, the space availability ratio beneficial to optimization passway for escaping are high, stability is high.
Embodiment according to the third aspect of the invention we proposes a kind of Rail Transit System, the Rail Transit System bag Include:Track;Rail vehicle, the rail vehicle is the rail vehicle described in the embodiment of the second aspect of the present invention.
Rail Transit System according to embodiments of the present invention, by using embodiment institute according to the second aspect of the invention The rail vehicle stated, has the advantages that structure, the space availability ratio beneficial to optimization passway for escaping are high, stability is high.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of Rail Transit System according to embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of Rail Transit System according to embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the sectional view of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the track of Rail Transit System according to embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of rail vehicle according to embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the track of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the track of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle according to embodiments of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System according to embodiments of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 15 is the bogie of rail vehicle according to embodiments of the present invention and the structural representation of track.
Figure 16 is the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention and the structural representation of track.
Figure 17 is the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention and the structural representation of track.
Figure 18 is the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention and the structural representation of track.
Figure 19 is the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention and the structural representation of track.
Figure 20 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 21 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 22 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 23 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 24 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle according to embodiments of the present invention.
Figure 25 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 26 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 27 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 28 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 29 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 30 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 31 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 32 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 33 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 34 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 35 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 36 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 37 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 38 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 39 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 40 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 41 is the sectional view of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 42 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 43 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 44 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 45 is the sectional view of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 46 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 47 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 48 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 49 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 50 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 51 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 52 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 53 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 54 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 55 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 56 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 57 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 58 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 59 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 60 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 61 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 62 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 63 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 64 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 65 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 66 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 67 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, wherein emergency exits It is closed.
Figure 68 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, wherein emergency exits In open mode.
Figure 69 is the partial structural diagram of Rail Transit System in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 70 is the structural representation of the bogie of rail vehicle in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
Reference:
Rail Transit System 1,
Track 10, passway for escaping 11, the first track girder 12, the second track girder 13, load carrying floor 14, tie-beam 15, support Frame 16, supporting plate 17, anticreep rib 18,
Rail vehicle 20, bogie 21, car body 22, compartment 23, emergency exits 24, escaping exit 25, escape cover plate 26, Emergency Ladder 27th, electrokinetic cell 28, the first end 31 of emergency exits 24, the second end 32 of emergency exits 24,
Bogie frame 100, track recess 110,
First travelling wheel 210, the second travelling wheel 220, the 3rd travelling wheel 230, the 4th travelling wheel 240, the first connecting shaft 250th, the second connecting shaft 260,
Drive device 300, first driving means 310, the second drive device 320,
First level wheel 710, the second horizontal wheels 720, first level safety wheel 711, the second horizontal safety wheel 721,
First collector shoe 810, the second collector shoe 820, the first conductor rail 830, the second conductor rail 840,
First supported and suspended device 910, the second supported and suspended device 920, the 3rd supported and suspended device the 930, the 4th are supported Suspension arrangement 940.
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention are described below in detail, the example of the embodiment is shown in the drawings, wherein from beginning to end Same or similar label represents same or similar element or the element with same or like function.Below with reference to attached The embodiment of figure description is exemplary, it is intended to for explaining the present invention, and be not considered as limiting the invention.
What the present invention was made based on present inventor to the discovery of following facts and problem:
Straddle-type monorail train in correlation technique, for the ease of in case of emergency evacuating passenger, there is provided independent Passway for escaping.Specifically, framework is set by extra in orbit, framework is generally connected to the sidepiece of track and stretched laterally Go out, then architecturally laying floor with formed evacuation passenger passage.
Present inventor is had found by substantial amounts of research and experiment, and the straddle-type of passway for escaping is provided with correlation technique Why monorail train has that cost is high, space-consuming is big, stability has the deficiencies such as hidden danger, exactly by above-mentioned passway for escaping Caused by structure, concrete reason is as follows:
The floor laid due to framework and thereon is independently of the additional structure outside track, and vehicle is in traveling During the specific place for occurring emergency can not predict, it is therefore desirable to (except station on the whole length direction of track At platform) passway for escaping of this structure is additionally set, quantities is huge, is not only added significantly to cost, and framework and ground Plate is located at the sidepiece of track, additionally extends a part equivalent on the width of track, occupies big quantity space.This Outside, framework and floor have certain weight in itself, and no matter whether vehicle occurs emergency, and framework and floor set up in-orbit On road, that is to say, that even if normal vehicle operation, track still wants the weight on support framework and floor, so increases track Weighing, the stability to track generates adverse effect.
In view of the situation of straddle-type monorail train in correlation technique, the present invention proposes that one kind has and is easy in emergency Lower evacuation passenger and cost is low, occupy little space, the Rail Transit System 1 the advantages of track load-bearing is small, stability is high.
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings Rail Transit System 1 according to embodiments of the present invention is described.
As shown in Fig. 1-Figure 70, Rail Transit System 1 according to embodiments of the present invention includes track 10 and rail vehicle 20.
Track 10 is provided with passway for escaping 11.Rail vehicle 20 includes bogie 21 and car body 22, and bogie 21 is movably Straddle seat is on track 10, and car body 22 is connected with bogie 21, and car body 22 is drawn along track 10 by bogie 21 and travelled.
Here those skilled in the art is it will be understood that track 10 refers to provided with passway for escaping 11, passway for escaping 11 Be arranged on track 10 with, and be not arranged in other additional components on track 10, i.e., compared to escaping in correlation technique The structure of raw passage, Rail Transit System 1 according to embodiments of the present invention, track 10 is without setting such as framework and floor other Part, passway for escaping 11 is formed with 10, track.
Rail Transit System 1 according to embodiments of the present invention, by setting passway for escaping 11 with 10, track, works as hair During raw emergency, passenger can be evacuated in time by passway for escaping 11.Also, because passway for escaping 11 is arranged on 10, track With, therefore without setting up other extra structures on track 10, only need to 10, the track along its length on set Passway for escaping 11 is put, it is possible thereby to which quantities is greatly decreased, cost is on the one hand reduced, on the other hand reduces occupancy Space.In addition, the load-bearing of track 10 need not be increased, be conducive to the stability of track 10.Therefore, rail according to embodiments of the present invention Pipeline transportation system 1, which has, to be easy in case of emergency evacuate passenger and cost is low, occupy little space, track load-bearing is small, stability High the advantages of.
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings Rail Transit System 1 according to the specific embodiment of the invention is described.
As shown in Fig. 1-Figure 70, Rail Transit System 1 according to embodiments of the present invention includes track 10 and rail vehicle 20.
In some specific embodiments of the present invention, as Figure 1-Figure 4, car body 22 includes the length direction along track 10 In the multiple compartments 23 being hinged successively, multiple compartments 23, on the length direction of track 10, the compartment of at least one end of car body 22 The surface of 23 dorsad adjacent compartment 23 is provided with the emergency exits 24 that can be opened and closed, in other words, two positioned at the two ends of car body 22 In individual compartment 23, the end face of at least one is provided with emergency exits 24.Emergency exits 24 have the end 32 of first end 31 and second, emergency exits 24 first end 31 is arranged on corresponding compartment 23 turnablely, with respect to horizontal plane when emergency exits 24 are opened, and escape Second end 32 of door 24 is tilted down and embedded passway for escaping 11.So when occurring emergency, rail vehicle 20 actively or Passive parking, emergency exits 24 are opened and lower end insertion passway for escaping 11, and the passenger in compartment 23 can be snapped down to by emergency exits 24 Passway for escaping 11, and then evacuated from passway for escaping 11.
Preferably, on the length direction of track 10, two compartments 23 positioned at the two ends of car body 22 are equipped with emergency exits 24, When happening suddenly emergency, emergency exits 24 are opened at the two ends of car body 22 simultaneously, can be formed broad air convection channel, be made car body The toxic gases such as the smog inside 22 can dissipate rapidly.
Specifically, the first end 31 of emergency exits 24 is set adjacent to underbody, and the second end 32 of emergency exits 24 is in emergency exits 24 Set during closing adjacent to roof.In other words, when emergency exits 24 are closed, the second end 32 of emergency exits 24 is located at the first of emergency exits 24 The top at end 31;When emergency exits 24 are opened, the second end 32 of emergency exits 24 is located at the lower section of the first end 31 of emergency exits 24.By This, emergency exits 24 are changed to open mode by downwardly turning over by closed mode.Emergency exits 24 use convertible structure, and in-car multiplies Visitor only needs simple operations to open rapidly, effectively improves the efficiency of escape.
Advantageously, the inner surface of emergency exits 24 is provided with slideway to facilitate passenger to slide on slideway to passway for escaping 11.This In it is to be understood that the inner surface of emergency exits 24 refers to, towards in-car surface when emergency exits 24 are closed.
In other specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 67 and Figure 68, car body 22 includes the length along track 10 Multiple compartments 23 that degree direction is hinged successively, on the length direction of track 10, the back of the body in the compartment 23 of at least one end of car body 22 The emergency exits 24 that can be opened and closed, and the compartment 23 of described at least one end of car body 22 are provided with to the surface of adjacent compartment 23 Interior floor provided with escaping exit 25 and escape cover plate 26, the i.e. interior floor in the compartment 23 provided with emergency exits 24 be provided with escaping exit 25 and escape cover plate 26.Escape cover plate 26 links with emergency exits 24 and for opening and closing escaping exit 25.When rail vehicle 20 During normal operation, emergency exits 24 are closed and cover plate 26 of escaping closes escaping exit 25 (as shown in Figure 66).When occurring emergency, Rail vehicle 20 is actively or passively stopped, and emergency exits 24 are opened and cover plate 26 of escaping opens escaping exit 25 (as shown in Figure 66), car Passenger in railway carriage or compartment 23 can enter passway for escaping 11 by escaping exit 25, and then be evacuated from passway for escaping 11.Even if in addition, railcar 20 are forced parking at the turning of track 10, due to without coordinate with track 10 when emergency exits 24 are opened, therefore will not be with rail Road 10 collides, and is easy to passenger to be evacuated at the turning of track 10.
Preferably, on the length direction of track 10, two compartments 23 positioned at the two ends of car body 22 are equipped with emergency exits 24, When happening suddenly emergency, emergency exits 24 are opened at the two ends of car body 22 simultaneously, can be formed broad air convection channel, be made car body The toxic gases such as the smog inside 22 can dissipate rapidly.And emergency exits 24 use convertible structure, passenger inside the vehicle only need to simply grasp Work can be opened rapidly, effectively improve the efficiency of escape.
Specifically, emergency exits 24 have the end 32 of first end 31 and second, and the second end 32 of emergency exits 24 is pacified turnablely On corresponding compartment 23, wherein, the second end 32 of emergency exits 24 is set adjacent to roof, and the first end 31 of emergency exits 24 is fugitive Raw door 24 is set when closing adjacent to underbody.In other words, when emergency exits 24 are closed, the first end 31 of emergency exits 24 is located at emergency exits 24 The second end 32 lower section;When emergency exits 24 are opened, the first end 31 of emergency exits 24 can be located at the second end 32 of emergency exits 24 Lower section, can also be located at emergency exits 24 the second end 32 top.Thus, emergency exits 24 are by being flipped up by closed mode Change to open mode.Emergency exits 24 use convertible structure, and passenger inside the vehicle only needs simple operations to open rapidly, effectively carried The efficiency of escape has been risen, and has been easy to the linkage of emergency exits 24 and escape cover plate 26.
Alternatively, the linkage of escape cover plate 26 and emergency exits 24, can be dominated by emergency exits 24, can also be by escape cover plate 26 dominate.Specifically, when needing evacuation passenger, emergency exits 24 can be actively opened, escape cover plate is driven by emergency exits 24 26 open escaping exit 25, can also actively open escape cover plate 26, drive emergency exits 24 to open by escape cover plate 26.Preferably, Dominated by escape cover plate 26, i.e., drive emergency exits 24 to open by opening escape cover plate 26, can so prevent cover plate 26 of escaping There are article or passenger in its top and caused danger when opening.
Further, as shown in Figure 67 and Figure 68, provided with the Emergency Ladder 27 for leading to passway for escaping 11 in escaping exit 25, escape After mouth 25 is opened, passenger inside the vehicle can be transferred to passway for escaping 11 by Emergency Ladder 27.
Alternatively, Emergency Ladder 27 can stationary state and to be suspended at all the time in escaping exit 25, the lower end of Emergency Ladder 27 with The inner bottom surface of passway for escaping 11 is spaced apart, to avoid influence rail vehicle 20 from travelling.
Emergency Ladder 27 can also have contraction and stretching, extension two states and Emergency Ladder 27 has for driving Emergency Ladder 27 to stretch The retractable driving device of contracting.After escaping exit 25 is opened, Emergency Ladder 27 can be controlled to extend to passway for escaping 11 manually, can also led to Cross linkage and realize that Emergency Ladder 27 extends to passway for escaping 11 automatically, in the present embodiment, Emergency Ladder 27 can directly be taken after stretching On the inner bottom surface of passway for escaping 11, it can also be spaced apart with the inner bottom surface of passway for escaping 21.
Advantageously, escape cover plate 26 can be pivotably mounted on emergency exits 24, when emergency exits 24 are flipped up opening Afterwards, escape cover plate 26 interlocks with the rotation to be fitted on the inner surface of emergency exits 24, so as to save space, it is to avoid the escape shadow of cover plate 26 Ring the evacuation of passenger.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in fig. 6, track 10 includes the first track girder 12, the second track girder 13 and load carrying floor 14.
First track girder 12 and the parallel and interval setting of the second track girder 13, the straddle seat of bogie 21 is in the He of the first track girder 12 On second track girder 13.Load carrying floor 14 is located between the first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13, and load carrying floor 14 is distinguished It is connected with the first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13, is limited between the first track girder 12, the second track girder 13 and load carrying floor 14 Make passway for escaping 11.It is possible thereby to using the structure of itself of track 10, passway for escaping 11 is set with 10, track, without Extra part is set, and cost is low, occupy little space and beneficial to the load-bearing for reducing track 10.In addition, track girder dimensions compared with Small, footprint is few, lighter in weight, and efficiency is high, good economy performance.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 6, load carrying floor 14 includes tie-beam 15, support frame 16 and supporting plate 17.The edge of tie-beam 15 The septal direction extension of first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13, the two ends of tie-beam 15 respectively with the first track girder 12 Portion is connected with the bottom of the second track girder 13.Support frame 16 is arranged on tie-beam 15.Supporting plate 17 is connected on support frame 16 And supported by support frame 16, supporting plate 17 constitutes the bottom surface of passway for escaping 11.Because track 10 usually requires to utilize bridge pier high-altitude Set up, and there is predetermined distance between bridge pier and bridge pier, can be in bridge pier and bridge pier using the structure of above-mentioned load carrying floor 14 Between formed along track 10 length direction extension passway for escaping 11, and material consume small, cost it is low.
Advantageously, as shown in fig. 6, supporting plate 17 in the horizontal direction with the first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13 At least one is arranged at intervals, the gap that can so facilitate instrument to insert between support frame 16 and track girder, so as to pry open support Plate 17 is to facilitate maintenance.
Alternatively, tie-beam 15 is arranged at intervals for multiple and along track 10 length direction, and supporting plate 17 is multiple and edge The length direction of track 10 is sequentially connected.On the one hand, single tie-beam 15 and single supporting plate 17 easily facilitate processing, the opposing party Face, is easy to the integral construction of track 10.
Those skilled in the art it will be understood that multiple supporting plates 17 be sequentially connected including be joined directly together or indirectly phase Even, preferably it is joined directly together.Wherein, when multiple supporting plates 17 are indirectly connected to, the gap of adjacent shore plates 17 need to ensure passenger Can be smoothly across not influenceing passenger evacuation.
Further, as shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, in the first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13, the upper end of at least one and At least one end in lower end is provided with anticreep rib 18, that anticreep rib 18 horizontally outward extends and for preventing bogie 21 from deviating from track 10.Specifically, anticreep rib 18 can be arranged on the top and/or bottom of the first track girder 12, and can be arranged on the first rail The lateral surface and/or medial surface of road beam 12;Anticreep rib 18 can be arranged on the top and/or bottom of the second track girder 13, and can To be arranged on the lateral surface and/or medial surface of the second track girder 13.Here those skilled in the art is it will be understood that anticreep The setting of rib 18 is in order to prevent bogie 21 from deviating from track 10, so as to ensure the stabilization of the travel conditions such as the turning of rail vehicle 20 Property, therefore, the part-structure of bogie 21 need to be placed in the underface of top anticreep rib 18 and/or bottom anticreep rib 18 just on Side.
For example, as shown in figure 8, the first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13 are formed by reinforcing bar and concrete casting, The medial surface and lateral surface at the top of the first track girder 12 are respectively equipped with anticreep rib 18, the medial surface at the top of the second track girder 13 Anticreep rib 18 is respectively equipped with lateral surface, the first level wheel 710 of bogie 21 coordinates on the lateral surface of the first track girder 12 And below the anticreep rib 18 on the lateral surface at the top of the first track girder 12, the second horizontal wheels 720 of bogie 21 coordinate On the lateral surface of the second track girder 13 and below the anticreep rib 18 on the lateral surface at the top of the second track girder 13, so Anticreep rib 18 can be moved up with backstop horizontal wheels, so as to play anticreep effect.
As shown in figure 9, the first track girder 12 and the second track girder 13 are formed by steel plate splicing, the top of the first track girder 12 Medial surface and lateral surface be respectively equipped with anticreep rib 18, the medial surface and lateral surface of the bottom of the first track girder 12 are respectively equipped with anti- De- rib 18, the medial surface and lateral surface at the top of the second track girder 13 are respectively equipped with anticreep rib 18, the bottom of the second track girder 13 Medial surface and lateral surface be respectively equipped with anticreep rib 18, the first level wheel 710 of bogie 21 coordinates in the first track girder 12 Anticreep rib 18 on lateral surface and on the lateral surface at the top of the first track girder 12 and the anticreep rib on the lateral surface of bottom Between 18, the second horizontal wheels 720 of bogie 21 coordinate on the lateral surface of the second track girder 13 and positioned at the second track girder 13 Top lateral surface on anticreep rib 18 and bottom lateral surface on anticreep rib 18 between, such anticreep rib 18 can be with backstop Horizontal wheels are moved up and down, so as to play anticreep effect.
In some specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 10, bogie 21 includes bogie frame 100, first Travelling wheel 210, the second travelling wheel 220 and drive device 300.
Bogie frame 100 has track recess 110 of the straddle seat on track 10.First travelling wheel 210 and the second traveling Wheel 220 is respectively pivotally mounted upon on bogie frame 100, and the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 it is coaxial and between Every setting.First travelling wheel 210 coordinates on the upper surface of the first track girder 12, and the second travelling wheel 220 coordinates in the second track The upper surface of beam 13.Drive device 300 is arranged on bogie frame 100, and drive device 300 is located at the first travelling wheel 210 And second between travelling wheel 220, the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 are driven by drive device 300, the first travelling wheel 210 Bogie 21 is driven to be advanced along track 10 under the driving of drive device 300 with the second travelling wheel 220, so as to draw the row of car body 22 Sail.Thus not only drive device 300 can be installed using the gap between the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220, to save Save space, the utilization rate for improving space, and beneficial to center of gravity distribution, and tire centerline can be increased away from raising drive device 300 The uniform and stable property driven to the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220, so as to improve the stability of Rail Transit System 1 And comfortableness.
Alternatively, drive device 300 can be motor, and the motor has the first motor shaft and the second motor of run-in synchronism Axle, first motor shaft is connected with the first travelling wheel 210, and second motor shaft and the transmission of the second travelling wheel 220 connect Connect, thus drive device 300 drives the first travelling wheel 210 by the first motor shaft and drives the second traveling by the second motor shaft Wheel 220, and run simultaneously the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220.
Further, first motor shaft and second motor shaft are coaxially disposed and are integrated part, so not only may be used To ensure the axiality of the first motor shaft and the second motor shaft, and the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 can be utilized Run simultaneously under the driving of drive device 300.
In other specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 46-Figure 49, bogie 21 includes bogie frame 100th, the first travelling wheel 210, the second travelling wheel 220, the 3rd travelling wheel 230, the 4th travelling wheel 240 and drive device.
Bogie frame 100 has track recess 110 of the straddle seat on track 10.First travelling wheel 210 and the second traveling Wheel 220 is respectively pivotally mounted upon on bogie frame 100 and coaxial and be arranged at intervals, and the first travelling wheel 210 coordinates the On the upper surface of one track girder 12, the second travelling wheel 220 coordinates in the upper surface of the second track girder 13.The He of 3rd travelling wheel 230 4th travelling wheel 240 is respectively pivotally mounted upon on bogie frame 100 and coaxial and be arranged at intervals, the 3rd travelling wheel 230 Coordinate on the upper surface of the first track girder 12 and be spaced with the first travelling wheel 210 on the length direction of the first track girder 12 and set Put, the 4th travelling wheel 240 coordinates on the upper surface of the second track girder 13 and with the second travelling wheel 220 in the second track girder 13 It is arranged at intervals on length direction.The drive device is arranged on bogie frame 100, and the drive device is located at the first traveling Wheel 210 and second between travelling wheel 220 and/or the drive device be located at the 3rd travelling wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 it Between, the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 are driven and/or the 3rd travelling wheel 230 and the 4th traveling by the drive device Wheel 240 is driven by the drive device.Larger load demand is so disclosure satisfy that, four travelling wheels can bear more loads Lotus, the dimensions of passenger carrying capacity and car body to rail vehicle 20 is all favourable lifting, and can effectively lift bogie 21 space efficiency utilization, reduces the footprint of vehicle.
For example, as shown in figure 46, drive device can be one and be defined as first driving means 310, and first drives Dynamic device 310 is arranged between the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 and the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 Driven by first driving means 310.
As shown in figure 47, drive device for one and can be defined as the second drive device 320, the second drive device 320 It is arranged between the 3rd travelling wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 and the 3rd travelling wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 is driven by second Dynamic device 320 drives.
As shown in figure 48, drive device is two and is respectively defined as the drive device of first driving means 310 and second 320, first driving means 310 are arranged between the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 and the first travelling wheel 210 and Two travelling wheels 220 are driven by first driving means 310, and the second drive device 320 is arranged on the 3rd travelling wheel 230 and the 4th traveling Wheel 240 between and the 3rd travelling wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 driven by the second drive device 320.Wherein, the first driving dress 310 are put relative to the second travelling wheel 220 more adjacent to the first travelling wheel 210, and/or the second drive device 320 is relative to the 3rd Travelling wheel 230 is more adjacent to the 4th travelling wheel 240, it is preferable that first driving means 310 are relative to the second travelling wheel 220 more Neighbouring first travelling wheel 210 and the second drive device 320 relative to the 3rd travelling wheel 230 more adjacent to the 4th travelling wheel 240, i.e., The drive device 320 of first driving means 310 and second is diagonally positioned, and thus bogie 21 is put down on the width of track 10 Weighing apparatus, and differential mechanism can be saved, so as to reduce cost.
Alternatively, the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 are connected and/or the 3rd traveling by the first connecting shaft 250 The travelling wheel 240 of wheel 230 and the 4th is connected by the second connecting shaft 260, the drive device and the first connecting shaft 250 and/or the Two connecting shafts 260 are connected.
For example, as shown in figure 49, the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 are connected by the first connecting shaft 250, the Three travelling wheels 230 and the connectionless axle connection of the 4th travelling wheel 240 and be supporting roller, drive device are one and are defined as the first drive Dynamic device 310, first driving means 310 are connected with the first connecting shaft 250.
In other words, Figure 10 shows the bogie 21 of two travelling wheels, and Figure 46-49 shows the bogie 21 of four travelling wheels, Can be single shaft, or twin shaft wherein for the bogie 21 of four travelling wheels.It is preferred to use cross-compound arrangement, can The greatly stability and security performance of lifting system.
In some specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Fig. 4-Figure 66, bogie 21 also includes some first levels Wheel 710 and some second horizontal wheels 720, wherein " some " comprising one and multiple.
Some first level wheels 710 are pivotably mounted on bogie frame 100 and are adapted to fit in the one of track 10 Side, some second horizontal wheels 720 are pivotably mounted on bogie frame 100 and are adapted to fit in the opposite side of track 10. Specifically, some first level wheels 710 coordinate on the side surface of the first track girder 12, and some second horizontal wheels 720 coordinate On the side surface of second track girder 13.On the one hand, when track 10 is turned to, the horizontal wheels 720 of first level wheel 710 and second coordinate In the side surface of track 10, so as to form passive steering along track 10, and then rail vehicle 20 is driven to turn to, on the other hand, can To improve the stability of rail vehicle 20 in motion.
Further, as shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 7, first level wheel 710 is connected with same with first level wheel 710 below The first level safety wheel 711 of motion is walked, the overall diameter of first level safety wheel 711 is less than the overall diameter of first level wheel 710. The lower section of second horizontal wheels 720 is connected with the second horizontal safety wheel 721 being synchronized with the movement with the second horizontal wheels 720, the second level peace The overall diameter of full wheel 721 is less than the overall diameter of the second horizontal wheels 720.Under normal circumstances, the water of first level safety wheel 711 and second Flat safety wheel 721 is not contacted with track girder, and when horizontal wheels are blown out, horizontal safety wheel is contacted instead of horizontal wheels with track girder, is protected Demonstrate,prove the stability that rail vehicle 20 is travelled.For example, when first level wheel 710 is normal first level safety wheel 711 not with the first rail Road beam 12 is contacted, and when first level wheel 710 is blown out, first level safety wheel 711 is contacted with the side surface of the first track girder 12, So as to replace first level wheel 710.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in Figure 11 and Figure 50, some first level wheels 710 and some second Horizontal wheels 720 are located at sustained height in the vertical direction.Wherein, Figure 11 shows the first level of the bogie 21 of two travelling wheels The horizontal wheels 720 of wheel 710 and second are located at the example of sustained height, and Figure 50 shows the first level of the bogie 21 of four travelling wheels The horizontal wheels 720 of wheel 710 and second are located at the example of sustained height.It is possible thereby to be conducive to the overall steering behaviour of rail vehicle 20 Balance, the uniform force during advancing with retrogressing, so that beneficial to the excessively curved performance of lifting rail vehicle 20.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in Figure 12 and Figure 51, first level wheel 710 is multiple and vertically Direction interval is simultaneously coaxially disposed, and the second horizontal wheels 720 are multiple and are spaced and are coaxially disposed along the vertical direction.Figure 12 shows two The first level wheel of the bogie 21 of travelling wheel is coaxially disposed the example being coaxially disposed with the second horizontal wheels about 720 about 710, Figure 51 show the first level wheel of the bogie 21 of four travelling wheels be coaxially disposed about 710 with the second horizontal wheels 720 similarly hereinafter The example that axle is set.The stability of vehicle can be so lifted, the horizontal wheels of lower section play stable effect, reduce railcar 20 in risk excessively curved or when running at high speed of toppling.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 52 and Figure 53, first level wheel 710 is many Individual and difference is arranged at intervals with the length direction of the first track girder 12 along the vertical direction, and the second horizontal wheels 720 are multiple and difference The length direction with the second track girder 13 is arranged at intervals along the vertical direction.I.e. first level wheel is staggered about 710, the second water Flat wheel about 720 is staggered, wherein, first level wheel 710 can be located at the top of the second horizontal wheels 720, first level wheel 710 The lower section of the second horizontal wheels 720 can also be located at.Figure 13 and Figure 14 show the first level wheel 710 of the bogie 21 of two travelling wheels Be staggered the example being staggered with the second horizontal wheels about 720 up and down, and Figure 52 and Figure 53 show the steering of four travelling wheels The first level wheel of frame 21 is staggered the example being staggered with the second horizontal wheels about 720 about 710.Water above so Flat wheel can play the guiding role when to corresponding traveling, and the horizontal wheels of lower section farther out, can play stabilization, overturn-preventing apart from car body 22 Effect.
In some specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in figure 15, some first level wheels 710 coordinate in the first track On the outer surface of beam 12, some second horizontal wheels 720 coordinate on the outer surface of the second track girder 13, i.e., horizontal wheels are matched somebody with somebody Close on the outer surface of track 10.Thus the centre-to-centre spacing of two horizontal wheels is designed as possible ultimate range, being capable of lifting system Stability, be also beneficial to the center of gravity distribution of bogie 21 and vehicle.
In some specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in figure 16, some first level wheels 710 coordinate in the first track On the inner surface of beam 12, some second horizontal wheels 720 coordinate on the inner surface of the second track girder 13, i.e., horizontal wheels are matched somebody with somebody Close on the inner surface of track 10.So vehicle space availability ratio can be lifted effectively using the space inside track 10, and Horizontal wheels are located at track girder both sides respectively with conductor rail, can effectively reduce the space of the bottom of car body 22, reduce vehicle height.
In other specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 17-Figure 19, first level wheel 710 is multiple and divided Do not coordinate on the outer surface and inner surface of the first track girder 12, the second horizontal wheels 720 are multiple and be respectively fitting into the On the outer surface and inner surface of two track girders 13, i.e., it is combined with level on the outer surface and inner surface of track 10 Wheel, inside and outside horizontal wheels are arranged in simultaneously, inner side horizontal wheels play a part of stably, overturn-preventing, can greatly lift track The stability and security performance of vehicle 20.
Alternatively, as shown in figure 17, the first level wheel 710 on the inner surface of the first track girder 12 is coordinated with coordinating The second horizontal wheels 720 on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 are located at sustained height in the vertical direction.Such as Figure 18 and figure Shown in 19, coordinate the first level wheel 710 on the inner surface of the first track girder 12 with coordinating in the second track girder 13 The second horizontal wheels 720 on side surface are located at different height in the vertical direction, for example, as shown in figure 18, coordinating in the first rail Second level of the first level wheel 710 higher than cooperation on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 on the inner surface of road beam 12 Wheel 720, for another example as shown in figure 19, coordinating the first level wheel 710 on the inner surface of the first track girder 12 less than cooperation The second horizontal wheels 720 on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 are located at different height in the vertical direction.
In some examples of the present invention, as shown in Figure 11-Figure 41 and Figure 50-Figure 57, bogie 21 also includes the first collection The collector shoe 820 of trolley 810 and second.
First collector shoe 810 is located on bogie frame 100 and suitable for coordinating with the conductor rail of the side of track 10, and second Collector shoe 820 is located on bogie frame 100 and suitable for coordinating with the conductor rail of the opposite side of track 10.Specifically, the first rail The outer surface of road beam 12 is provided with the first conductor rail 830 extended along the length direction of the first track girder 12, the second track girder That second conductor rail 840 provided with the length direction extension along the second track girder 13 of 13 outer surface.First collector shoe 810 Coordinate with the first conductor rail 830, the second collector shoe 820 coordinates with the second conductor rail 840.First collector shoe 810 is led by first The electric power taking of rail 830, the second collector shoe 820 is by the power taking of the second conductor rail 840, so that rail vehicle 20 is used.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in Figure 11, Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 50, Figure 52 and Figure 53, the first water Flat wheel 710 is arranged at intervals for multiple and along the first track girder 12 length direction, and the first collector shoe 810 is in the first track girder 12 It is located on length direction between adjacent first level wheel 710, the second horizontal wheels 720 are multiple and along the length of the second track girder 13 Direction be arranged at intervals, the second collector shoe 820 on the length direction of the second track girder 13 be located at adjacent second horizontal wheels 720 it Between, thus the stress of first level wheel 710 does not influence the first collector shoe 810 and the stress of the second horizontal wheels 720 does not influence second Collector shoe 820, it is possible to improve space availability ratio, simplifies the structure of bogie 21.
For example, Figure 11, Figure 13 and Figure 14 show the first collector shoe 810 of the bogie 21 of double travelling wheels first It is located on the length direction of track girder 12 between adjacent first level wheel 710 and the second collector shoe 820 is in the second track girder 13 It is located at the example between adjacent second horizontal wheels 720 on length direction, wherein, multiple first level wheels 710 and multiple second water Flat wheel 720 can be located at sustained height, and multiple first level wheels 710 can also be staggered and multiple second horizontal wheels up and down 720 can also be staggered up and down.
Figure 50, Figure 52 and Figure 53 show the first collector shoe 810 of the bogie 21 of four travelling wheels in the first track girder 12 Length direction on be located at adjacent first level wheel 710 between and the second collector shoe 820 the second track girder 13 length direction The upper example being located between adjacent second horizontal wheels 720, wherein, multiple first level wheels 710 and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can With positioned at sustained height, multiple first level wheels 710 can also be staggered up and down and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can also on Under be staggered.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in Figure 20-Figure 23 and Figure 54-Figure 57, first level wheel 710 is many Individual and along the first track girder 12 length direction is arranged at intervals, and the first collector shoe 810 is with any one first level wheel 710 above and below Just to setting on direction, for example, the central axis weight of the central axis of the first collector shoe 810 and any one first level wheel 710 Close.Second horizontal wheels 720 are arranged at intervals for multiple and length direction along the second track girder 13, the second collector shoe 820 with it is any Individual second horizontal wheels 720 in the vertical direction just to set, for example, the central axis of the second collector shoe 820 with any one second The central axis of horizontal wheels 720 is overlapped.In other words, collector shoe is preposition or rearmounted.It is possible thereby to make full use of the installation of horizontal wheels Space, is not required to additionally set installing mechanism, is conducive to the structure of bogie 21 to simplify and weight saving.
For example, Figure 20-Figure 23 shows the preposition or rearmounted example of the collector shoe of the bogie 21 of double travelling wheels, its In, multiple first level wheels 710 and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can be located at sustained height, and multiple first level wheels 710 also may be used With positioned at different height and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can also be located at different height.
Figure 54-Figure 57 shows the preposition or rearmounted example of the collector shoe of the bogie 21 of four travelling wheels, wherein, Duo Ge One horizontal wheels 710 and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can be located at sustained height, and multiple first level wheels 710 can also be located at not With height and multiple second horizontal wheels 720 can also be located at different height.
In some specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 24-Figure 28, the first collector shoe 810 is located at some first The top of each in horizontal wheels 710, the second collector shoe 820 is located at the top of each in some second horizontal wheels 720.Current collection Boots and the distance of drive device 300 reduce, and are conducive to energy transmission and room for promotion utilization rate.
For example, first level wheel 710 can coordinate on the outer surface of the first track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can coordinate on the outer surface of the second track girder 13 (as shown in figure 24).First level wheel 710 can also coordinate On the inner surface of one track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can also coordinate on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Shown in Figure 25).First level wheel 710 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface of the first track girder 12 and outer surface and Two horizontal wheels 720 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface and outer surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Figure 26-Figure 28 institutes Show), wherein, coordinate in the first level wheel 710 of the inner surface of the first track girder 12 and cooperation in the second track girder 13 Second horizontal wheels 720 of side surface are located at sustained height or positioned at different height.
In some specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 29-Figure 33, the first collector shoe 810 is located at some first The lower section of each in horizontal wheels 710, the second collector shoe 820 is located at the lower section of each in some second horizontal wheels 720, thus Horizontal wheels are arranged in close to the position on track girder top, are conducive to the riding stability of rail vehicle 20.
For example, first level wheel 710 can coordinate on the outer surface of the first track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can coordinate on the outer surface of the second track girder 13 (as shown in figure 29).First level wheel 710 can also coordinate On the inner surface of one track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can also coordinate on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Shown in Figure 30).First level wheel 710 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface of the first track girder 12 and outer surface and Two horizontal wheels 720 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface and outer surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Figure 31-Figure 33 institutes Show), wherein, coordinate in the first level wheel 710 of the inner surface of the first track girder 12 and cooperation in the second track girder 13 Second horizontal wheels 720 of side surface are located at sustained height or positioned at different height.
In some specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 34-Figure 36, the first collector shoe 810 is located at some first The lower section of each in horizontal wheels 710, the second collector shoe 820 is located at the top of each in some second horizontal wheels 720.Thus Collector shoe above and below the polarity difference progress by obtaining current according to being arranged, for example upper positive is flowed, and bottom is flowed in offside negative pole, Space is so conducive to distribute and lifted the security flowed.
For example, first level wheel 710 can coordinate on the outer surface of the first track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can coordinate on the outer surface of the second track girder 13 (as shown in figure 34).First level wheel 710 can also coordinate On the inner surface of one track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can also coordinate on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Shown in Figure 35).First level wheel 710 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface of the first track girder 12 and outer surface and Two horizontal wheels 720 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface and outer surface of the second track girder 13 (as shown in figure 36), its In, coordinate the first track girder 12 inner surface first level wheel 710 and coordinate the second track girder 13 inner surface The second horizontal wheels 720 be located at sustained height or positioned at different height.
In some specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 37-Figure 41, first level wheel 710 is multiple and along upper Lower direction is arranged at intervals, and the first collector shoe 810 is located between adjacent first level wheel 710 in the vertical direction.Second horizontal wheels 720 be multiple and be arranged at intervals along the vertical direction, and the second collector shoe 820 is located at adjacent second horizontal wheels 720 in the vertical direction Between.It is possible thereby to distribution and integrally-built stabilization beneficial to space.
For example, first level wheel 710 can coordinate on the outer surface of the first track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can coordinate on the outer surface of the second track girder 13 (as shown in figure 37).First level wheel 710 can also coordinate On the inner surface of one track girder 12 and the second horizontal wheels 720 can also coordinate on the inner surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Shown in Figure 38).First level wheel 710 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface of the first track girder 12 and outer surface and Two horizontal wheels 720 can also be respectively fitting on the inner surface and outer surface of the second track girder 13 (such as Figure 39-Figure 41 institutes Show), wherein, coordinate in the first level wheel 710 of the inner surface of the first track girder 12 and cooperation in the second track girder 13 Second horizontal wheels 720 of side surface are located at sustained height or positioned at different height, and the first collector shoe 810 is located in the vertical direction Coordinate between the adjacent first level wheel 710 of the outer surface of the first track girder 12, the second collector shoe 820 is in the vertical direction Positioned at cooperation between adjacent second horizontal wheels 720 of the outer surface of the second track girder 13.
In another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 69, Rail Transit System 1 according to embodiments of the present invention can To be connected applied to backbone with the traffic of each living community, therefore, the volume of rail vehicle 20 is relative to backbone railcar Volume it is smaller, so as to cancel conductor rail and collector shoe, powered using electrokinetic cell 28, electrokinetic cell 28 be railcar 20 traveling provides power, naturally it is also possible to be powered at other electricity consumptions of rail vehicle 20, it is possible thereby to simplify structure with And supply line, reduce cost.
Specifically, electrokinetic cell 28 can be arranged on the position beyond bogie 21, for example, may be mounted at compartment 23 Bottom, can also be arranged on compartment 23 inside.Electrokinetic cell 28 can guarantee that with normal required speed operation, and in passenger flow Automatic charging is carried out when less.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in Figure 42, Figure 43 and Figure 58-Figure 63, bogie 21 is also including the The one supported and suspended device 920 of supported and suspended device 910 and second.
The first supported and suspended device 920 of supported and suspended device 910 and second is separately mounted to bogie frame 100 and difference It is connected with car body 22, the first supported and suspended device 910 is suitable to the side of support car body 22 and the second supported and suspended device 920 is suitable to Support the opposite side of car body 22.Length direction of the first supported and suspended device 920 of supported and suspended device 910 and second along track 10 It is arranged at intervals the opposite side for being suitable to support car body 22, in the horizontal plane, the central axis and second of the first supported and suspended device 910 The supported and suspended central axis of device 920 be located at bogie frame 100 central axis on and the bogie frame 100 central shaft Line divides bogie frame 100 equally on the width of track 10.
Or, width interval of the first supported and suspended device 920 of supported and suspended device 910 and second along track 10 is set Put, in the horizontal plane, the central axis position of the central axis of the first supported and suspended device 910 and the second supported and suspended device 920 In on the central axis of bogie frame 100 and the bogie frame 100 central axis on the length direction of track 10 put down Divide bogie frame 100.
The first supported and suspended device 920 of supported and suspended device 910 and second is used to support car body 22 and plays damping, buffering Effect, the stress and support effect of the first supported and suspended device 920 of supported and suspended device 910 and second be uniform, so as to protect The stationarity and comfortableness of rail vehicle 20 are demonstrate,proved, and cost is relatively low.
For example, Figure 42 and Figure 43 show two travelling wheels and two supported and suspended bogies 21, and first is supported and suspended The supported and suspended device 920 of device 910 and second can be arranged at intervals and positioned at the width in track 10 along the length direction of track 10 Divide equally on degree direction on the central axis of bogie frame 100 (as shown in figure 43).First supported and suspended device 910 and second Support suspension arrangement 920 can also be arranged at intervals along the width of track 10 and turn positioned at dividing equally on the length direction of track 10 To the central axis (as shown in figure 42) of framework frame 100.
Figure 58-Figure 63 shows four travelling wheels and two supported and suspended bogies 21, the first supported and suspended device 910 and Two supported and suspended devices 920 can be arranged at intervals and be located at along the length direction of track 10 to be divided equally on the width of track 10 On the central axis of bogie frame 100 (as shown in Figure 61-Figure 63).First supported and suspended device 910 and second is supported and suspended Device 920 can also be arranged at intervals and be located at along the width of track 10 divides steering structure equally on the length direction of track 10 On the central axis of frame 100 (as shown in Figure 58-Figure 60).
Wherein, drive device can be one and be defined as first driving means 310, and first driving means 310 are arranged on Between first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 (as shown in Figure 58 and Figure 61).Drive device can be one and be defined as Second drive device 320, the second drive device 320 is arranged on (such as Figure 59 between the 3rd travelling wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 With shown in Figure 61).Drive device is two and is respectively defined as the drive device 320 of first driving means 310 and second, and first drives Dynamic device 310 is arranged between the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 and the second drive device 320 is arranged on the 3rd and walked Between the travelling wheel 240 of road wheel 230 and the 4th, first driving means 310 are relative to the second travelling wheel 220 more adjacent to the first traveling Wheel 210, and the second drive device 320 relative to the 3rd travelling wheel 230 more adjacent to the 4th travelling wheel 240 (such as Figure 60 and Figure 63 It is shown).
In other specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 44 and Figure 64-Figure 66, bogie 21 also includes first Supported and suspended device 910, the second supported and suspended device 920, the 3rd supported and suspended device 940 of supported and suspended device 930 and the 4th.
First supported and suspended device 910, the second supported and suspended device 920, the 3rd supported and suspended device 930 and the 4th are supported Suspension arrangement 940 is separately mounted to bogie frame 100 and is connected respectively with car body 22.First supported and suspended device 910, second Supported and suspended device 920, the 3rd supported and suspended device 940 of supported and suspended device 930 and the 4th are located at one respectively in horizontal plane The Central Symmetry of four corners and the rectangle on bogie frame 100 of rectangle.In other words, in the horizontal plane, it is described Rectangle is after 180 ° of the central rotation of bogie frame 100, and postrotational rectangle is overlapped with the rectangle before rotation..First support Suspension arrangement 910, the second supported and suspended device 920, the 3rd supported and suspended device 940 of supported and suspended device 930 and the 4th are used for Support car body 22 simultaneously plays a part of damping, buffering, the first supported and suspended device 910, the second supported and suspended device 920, the 3rd The stress and support effect for supportting the supported and suspended device 940 of suspension arrangement 930 and the 4th are uniform, so as to lift rail vehicle 20 Stationarity and comfortableness.
For example, Figure 44 shows two travelling wheels and four supported and suspended bogies 21, the first supported and suspended device 910th, the second supported and suspended device 920, the 3rd supported and suspended device 940 of supported and suspended device 930 and the 4th are on steering structure Frame 100 is centrosymmetrically arranged.
Figure 64-Figure 65 shows four travelling wheels and four supported and suspended bogies 21, the first supported and suspended device 910, Two supported and suspended devices 920, the 3rd supported and suspended device 940 of supported and suspended device 930 and the 4th are on bogie frame 100 It is centrosymmetrically arranged.
Wherein, drive device can be one and be defined as first driving means 310, and first driving means 310 are arranged on Between first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 (as shown in Figure 64).Drive device for one and can be defined as the second drive Dynamic device 320, the second drive device 320 is arranged between the 3rd travelling wheel 230 and the 4th travelling wheel 240 (as shown in Figure 65). Drive device is two and is respectively defined as the drive device 320 of first driving means 310 and second, and first driving means 310 are set Put between the first travelling wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 and the second drive device 320 is arranged on the 3rd travelling wheel 230 and Between four travelling wheels 240, first driving means 310 relative to the second travelling wheel 220 more adjacent to the first travelling wheel 210, and Two drive devices 320 are relative to the 3rd travelling wheel 230 more adjacent to the 4th travelling wheel 240 (as shown in Figure 66).
In some specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 10, Figure 42-Figure 44, Figure 46-Figure 49 and Figure 58-Figure 66, First level wheel 710 is two and is arranged at intervals along the length direction of the first track girder 12 that second horizontal wheels 720 are two and edge The length direction of second track girder 13 is arranged at intervals.The central axis and two the second horizontal wheels 720 of two first level wheels 710 Central axis be located at four corners of rectangle respectively in horizontal plane and the rectangle is in bogie frame 100 The heart is symmetrical.In other words, in the horizontal plane, the rectangle is after 180 ° of the central rotation of bogie frame 100, postrotational rectangle Overlapped with the rectangle before rotation..It is possible thereby to be evenly arranged four horizontal wheels in the horizontal plane, it is ensured that horizontal wheels drive railcar 20 turn to and stability during straight-line travelling.
It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that ground is, the virtual rectangle that above-mentioned rectangle is assumed that, the rectangle be in order to Clearly the first supported and suspended device 910 of expression, the second supported and suspended device 920, the 3rd supported and suspended device 930 and the 4th are supported The arrangement of suspension arrangement 940 in the horizontal plane.
In the example shown in Figure 44 and Figure 64-Figure 66, the central axis and two the second water of two first level wheels 710 The central axis of flat wheel 720, central axis that can respectively with the first supported and suspended device 910, the second supported and suspended device 920 Central axis, the central axis of the central axis of the 3rd supported and suspended device 930 and the 4th supported and suspended device 940 overlaps.
In some specific embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 70,720 points of 710 and second horizontal wheels of first level wheel Wei not be one, width of the horizontal wheels 720 of first level wheel 710 and second along track 10 is arranged at intervals, and first level wheel 710 and second horizontal wheels 720 on the length direction of track 10 along rail vehicle 20 travel direction slip-angle steering framework frame 100 Center (arrow in Figure 70 shows the travel direction of rail vehicle 20).In other words, the level of first level wheel 710 and second Wheel 720 center of slip-angle steering framework frame 100 and the horizontal wheels of first level wheel 710 and second on the length direction of track 10 720 offset direction is consistent with the travel direction of rail vehicle 20.For example, the horizontal wheels 720 of first level wheel 710 and second are located at Bogie frame 100 is on the length direction of track 10 towards the side of the travel direction of rail vehicle 20.Rail vehicle 20 is expert at During car, the horizontal wheels of direction of traffic side, which serve, to be primarily directed toward, when turning, with direction of traffic opposite direction side Horizontal wheels can interfere with bogie frame 100 and produce side effect, therefore for the rail of unidirectional Rail Transit System 1 or annular Pipeline transportation system 1, eliminates the horizontal wheels with direction of traffic opposite direction side, so as to eliminate when turning to bogie The interference of framework 100, and the weight of rail vehicle 20 can be mitigated, reduce the cost of rail vehicle 20.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in figure 45, for the bogie 21 of two travelling wheels, first walks The overall diameter of the overall diameter of road wheel 210 and the second travelling wheel 220 is identical and for 900-1100 millimeters.For the steering of four travelling wheels For frame 21, the overall diameter of the first travelling wheel 210, the overall diameter of the second travelling wheel 220, the overall diameter of the 3rd travelling wheel 230 and The overall diameter of 4th travelling wheel 240 is identical and for 900-1100 millimeters.It is possible thereby in the feelings for the weight capacity for improving travelling wheel Under condition, reduce influence of the travelling wheel to space in compartment 23 as far as possible, so as to improve handling capacity of passengers.
Other of Rail Transit System 1 according to embodiments of the present invention are constituted and operated for ordinary skill people All it is known for member, is not detailed herein.
In addition, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that ground is, the single technical characteristic in the various embodiments described above is not being done Relate to, it is reconcilable in the case of, can be combined with each other.
In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that term " " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", " on ", " under ", "front", "rear", "left", "right", " vertical ", " level ", " top ", " bottom " " interior ", " outer ", " up time The orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as pin ", " counterclockwise " are, based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, to be for only for ease of The description present invention and simplified description, rather than indicate or imply that the device or element of meaning must have specific orientation, Yi Te Fixed azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second " are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating or implying relative importance Or the implicit quantity for indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, define " first ", the feature of " second " can express or Implicitly include one or more this feature.In the description of the invention, " multiple " are meant that at least two, such as two It is individual, three etc., unless otherwise specifically defined.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " fixation " etc. Term should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected or be detachably connected, or integrally;Can be that machinery connects Connect or electrically connect;Can be joined directly together, can also be indirectly connected to by intermediary, can be in two elements The connection in portion or the interaction relationship of two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, can be according to specific feelings Condition understands the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " specifically show The description of example " or " some examples " etc. means to combine specific features, structure, material or the spy that the embodiment or example are described Point is contained at least one embodiment of the present invention or example.In this manual, to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term not Identical embodiment or example must be directed to.Moreover, specific features, structure, material or the feature of description can be with office What combined in an appropriate manner in one or more embodiments or example.In addition, those skilled in the art can say this Not be the same as Example or example described in bright book are engaged and combined.
Although embodiments of the invention have been shown and described above, it is to be understood that above-described embodiment is example Property, it is impossible to limitation of the present invention is interpreted as, one of ordinary skill in the art within the scope of the invention can be to above-mentioned Embodiment is changed, changed, replacing and modification.

Claims (12)

1. a kind of bogie, it is characterised in that including:
Bogie frame, the bogie frame, which has, is suitable to straddle seat track recess in orbit;
First travelling wheel and the second travelling wheel, first travelling wheel and the second travelling wheel are respectively pivotally mounted upon described turn It is on to framework frame and coaxial and be arranged at intervals;
Drive device, the drive device is arranged on the bogie frame and positioned at first travelling wheel and described second Between travelling wheel, first travelling wheel and second travelling wheel are driven by the drive device.
2. bogie according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the drive device is motor, the motor has same The first motor shaft and the second motor shaft of operating are walked, first motor shaft and first travelling wheel are connected, described the Two motor shafts are connected with second travelling wheel.
3. bogie according to claim 2, it is characterised in that first motor shaft and second motor shaft are coaxial Set and be integrated part.
4. the bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that also include:
Some first level wheels, some first level wheels are pivotably mounted on the bogie frame and are adapted for engagement with In the side of the track;
Some second horizontal wheels, some second horizontal wheels are pivotably mounted on the bogie frame and are adapted for engagement with In the opposite side of the track.
5. bogie according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the first level wheel is connected with and the first level Wheel is synchronized with the movement and overall diameter is less than the first level safety wheel of the overall diameter of the first level wheel, the second horizontal wheels company Be connected to be synchronized with the movement with second horizontal wheels and overall diameter be less than second horizontal wheels overall diameter the second horizontal safety Wheel.
6. bogie according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the first level wheel is two and along the track Length direction is arranged at intervals, and second horizontal wheels are two and are arranged at intervals along the length direction of the track, described in two The central axis of first level wheel and the central axis of two second horizontal wheels are located at rectangle respectively in horizontal plane The Central Symmetry of four corners and the rectangle on the bogie frame.
7. bogie according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the first level wheel and second horizontal wheels difference For one, the travel direction of the first level wheel and second horizontal wheels along car body deviates in the bogie frame The heart.
8. the bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that also include:
First collector shoe, first collector shoe is located on the bogie frame and suitable for the conduction with the side of the track Rail coordinates;
Second collector shoe, second collector shoe is located on the bogie frame and suitable for being led with the opposite side of the track Electric rail coordinates.
9. the bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that also include:
First supported and suspended device, the first supported and suspended device is arranged on the bogie frame and suitable for support car body Side;
Second supported and suspended device, the second supported and suspended device is arranged on the bogie frame and described suitable for support The opposite side of car body.
10. the bogie according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that the overall diameter of first travelling wheel It is identical with the overall diameter of second travelling wheel and for 900-1100 millimeters.
11. a kind of rail vehicle, it is characterised in that including:
Car body;
Bogie, the bogie is the bogie according to any one of claim 1-10, and the bogie is arranged on The bottom of the car body.
12. a kind of Rail Transit System, it is characterised in that including:
Track;
Rail vehicle, the rail vehicle is the rail vehicle according to claim 11.
CN201610840584.2A 2016-09-21 2016-09-21 Bogie and rail vehicle and Rail Transit System with it Active CN106985859B (en)

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CN109835366B (en) * 2017-11-24 2020-11-06 比亚迪股份有限公司 Bogie frame and have its bogie, rail vehicle and rail transit system

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