CN106985728A - A kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system - Google Patents

A kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106985728A
CN106985728A CN201710397955.9A CN201710397955A CN106985728A CN 106985728 A CN106985728 A CN 106985728A CN 201710397955 A CN201710397955 A CN 201710397955A CN 106985728 A CN106985728 A CN 106985728A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
hydraulic
buffer
piston
caravan
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710397955.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106985728B (en
Inventor
刘泽政
李沁宇
邹五宽
刘强
高德赞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Geruide Traffic Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Geruide Traffic Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Geruide Traffic Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Geruide Traffic Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710397955.9A priority Critical patent/CN106985728B/en
Publication of CN106985728A publication Critical patent/CN106985728A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106985728B publication Critical patent/CN106985728B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P3/00Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects
    • B60P3/32Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects comprising living accommodation for people, e.g. caravans, camping, or like vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R19/00Wheel guards; Radiator guards, e.g. grilles; Obstruction removers; Fittings damping bouncing force in collisions
    • B60R19/02Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects
    • B60R19/18Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects characterised by the cross-section; Means within the bumper to absorb impact
    • B60R19/20Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects characterised by the cross-section; Means within the bumper to absorb impact containing mainly gas or liquid, e.g. inflatable

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system, buffer system is provided with the vehicle of frame structure, caravan trunk is fixed in support beam, two hydraulic cylinders are fixed in frame structure, the two ends of support beam are respectively arranged with a hydraulic piston, and the piston end of hydraulic piston is placed in the hydraulic cylinder of correspondence side, and hydraulic oil is filled with hydraulic cylinder, it is provided with outside hydraulic cylinder in cushion cylinder and compensating cylinder, cushion cylinder and compensating cylinder and is provided with piston.Compared with prior art, a kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system of the present invention, when vehicle is by horizontal inertia force in the process of moving, pass through the fluid output and compensation between hydraulic cylinder and cushion cylinder and compensating cylinder, compartment is set to occur micro lateral displacement, compartment is buffered, it is ensured that the comfort level that caravan is used.

Description

A kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of buffer system, particularly a kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system belongs to vehicle inertial Property control system field.
Background technology
Caravan, also known as " family on wheel ", has " room " and " car " two big function, but its attribute or car concurrently, is that one kind can The car type of basic facilities mobile, with herbal, more and more people is ready that selection oneself opens caravan with one now Household goes out to travel, and observes and learn from real life, therefore, the handling and ride quality of caravan is just increasingly becoming people choose caravan one The rest environment in item major criterion, particularly compartment, when trudging, road conditions are frequently not ideal, run into urgency It is curved or jolt road when, the passenger for resting or lying fallow in compartment will receive influence, and ride experience is bad.
Such as a kind of compartment limit damper of Patent No. 201410599377.3, including arc spring steel plate, installation Plate, limited block, yielding rubber pad, contact base plate, square tube and square tube shrouding.The arc spring steel plate is assembled to installing plate On;Installing plate is welded in contact base plate and square tube;Limited block is welded in installing plate both sides respectively;Yielding rubber pad is arranged on contact On bottom plate;Contact base plate is welded on square tube upper end;Square tube seal plate welding is in square tube lower end.It can be realized in self-unloading using the present invention Car or compartment are removably in hydraulic system, and compartment front portion falls spacing, left and right spacing before and after compartment during with frame contact And buffering during compartment whereabouts, simple in construction, easy to use, reliable, limiting buffer effect is good, and this buffer unit employs solid The buffer unit of structure is determined, therefore the proportion of goods damageds are higher, for a long time using being accomplished by changing.
And for example the outer compartment buffer structure on a kind of school bus of Patent No. 201420132453.5, belongs to automotive engineering neck Domain.It solves existing school bus the technical problem such as can not buffer well when by external impact.A kind of outer car on school bus Railway carriage or compartment buffer structure, school bus includes an outer compartment and an interior compartment, has between outer compartment and interior compartment before gap, outer compartment End is provided with an energy-absorption box, is connected between energy-absorption box and outer compartment by some guide pillars, and energy-absorption box can be relative with guide pillar outer A supporting plate is fixedly installed on carriage movements, outer compartment, this buffer structure includes several hydraulic cylinders three, the cylinder of hydraulic cylinder three Be provided with back-moving spring three between body and supporting plate, hydraulic cylinder three have offered on liquid storage cylinder three, the cylinder body of hydraulic cylinder three it is excessive The hydraulic tube for making liquid storage cylinder three be communicated with liquid reserve tank is connected with discharge orifice two, spout hole two.The utility model have school bus by The advantages of can be good at buffering during to external impact, changes buffering of the compartment buffer structure just for vehicle heading, solves Buffering under emergency case, and row buffering can not be entered to the inertia and impulsive force of vehicular transverse direction.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the invention is to be directed to above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, and it is horizontal to provide a kind of caravan carriage To inertia buffer system.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
A kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system, including the frame structure on chassis, the frame structure Buffer system is provided between one group of opposite side of lateral direction of car, the buffer system is included after support beam, two hydraulic cylinders, caravan Compartment is fixed in support beam, and two hydraulic cylinders are separately positioned on the both sides of support beam, and two hydraulic cylinders are fixed on In frame structure, the two ends of support beam are respectively arranged with a hydraulic piston, and the piston end of the hydraulic piston is placed in correspondence It is filled with the hydraulic cylinder of side, in hydraulic cylinder outside hydraulic oil, the hydraulic cylinder and is provided with cushion cylinder and compensating cylinder, is buffered Oil cylinder and compensating cylinder are connected by oil circuit with hydraulic cylinder respectively, and piston is provided with cushion cylinder and compensating cylinder, described Being in compressive state, the compensating cylinder for piston in cushion cylinder is full of hydraulic oil.
As further preferred scheme, slide rail is provided with the frame structure, the support beam is sliding in slide rail It is dynamic.
As further preferred scheme, the frame structure is interior at least provided with two buffer systems.
As further preferred scheme, many oil line pipes, many are provided between the cushion cylinder and hydraulic cylinder The junction of oil line pipe and hydraulic cylinder is located at close to hydraulic cylinder bottom position.
As further preferred scheme, the respective internal piston of control is provided with outside the cushion cylinder and compensating cylinder The drive mechanism of playback.
Beneficial effect
Compared with prior art, a kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system of the invention, in the process of moving vehicle by During the inertia force of transverse direction, exported and compensated by the fluid between hydraulic cylinder and cushion cylinder and compensating cylinder, it is defeated using fluid The slow speed sent, compartment is buffered during the lateral displacement for making compartment generation micro, it is ensured that the comfort level that caravan is used.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of slide rail;
Wherein, 1- frame structures, 2- support beams, 3- hydraulic cylinders, 4- hydraulic pistons, 5- cushion cylinders, 6- compensating cylinders, 7- is slided Rail.
Embodiment
The optimal technical scheme that the invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system of the present invention, including the frame on chassis Buffer system is provided between frame structure 1, one group of opposite side of lateral direction of car of the frame structure 1;
The buffer system includes support beam 2, two hydraulic cylinders 3, and caravan trunk is fixed in support beam 2, two institutes The both sides that hydraulic cylinder 3 is separately positioned on support beam 2 are stated, two hydraulic cylinders 3 are fixed in frame structure 1, the two of support beam 2 End is respectively arranged with a hydraulic piston 4, and the piston end of the hydraulic piston 4 is placed in the hydraulic cylinder 3 of correspondence side, hydraulic cylinder Hydraulic oil is filled with 3;
Cushion cylinder 5 and compensating cylinder 6 are provided with outside the hydraulic cylinder 3, cushion cylinder 5 and compensating cylinder 6 pass through oil circuit respectively Connected with hydraulic cylinder 3, the piston that is provided with cushion cylinder 5 and compensating cylinder 6 in piston, the cushion cylinder 5 is in Hydraulic oil is full of in compressive state, the compensating cylinder 6.
Slide rail 7 is provided with the frame structure 1, the support beam 2 is slided in slide rail 7.
At least provided with two buffer systems in the frame structure 1.
Many oil line pipes, many oil line pipes and hydraulic cylinder 3 are provided between the cushion cylinder 5 and hydraulic cylinder 3 Junction is located at close to the bottom position of hydraulic cylinder 3.
The drive mechanism for controlling respective internal piston playback is provided with outside the cushion cylinder 5 and compensating cylinder 6.
The course of work is as follows:When vehicle is in turn or other situations, when producing transverse inertia, compartment drives support beam 2 Past vehicle side produces thrust, and support beam 2 promotes the hydraulic piston 4 of the side, and hydraulic piston 4 is extruded toward force in hydraulic cylinder 3, Hydraulic oil in hydraulic cylinder 3 is oily to cushion cylinder 5 and the output hydraulic pressure of compensating cylinder 6 by oil circuit by the pressure of hydraulic piston 4;
And fluid is filled with compensating cylinder 6, the piston in compensating cylinder 6 has been in maximum compression ratio state, can not Promoted, therefore, hydraulic oil can enter cushion cylinder 5, because the piston in cushion cylinder 5 is in compressive state, so piston The hydraulic oil that cushion cylinder 5 can be slowly washed into is promoted;
And vehicle opposite side, support beam 2 is understood produces pulling force to hydraulic piston 4, due to the piston in the cushion cylinder 5 of the side In compressive state, therefore it can not be pulled again, and the inner carrier of compensating cylinder 6 of the side is in maximum compression ratio state, compensation Fluid is full of in oil cylinder 6, under the pulling force of hydraulic piston 4, negative pressure is formed in the hydraulic cylinder 3 of the side, compensating cylinder 6 can only be extracted Interior fluid is to make up negative pressure, and such compartment can just produce displacement in a lateral direction, is used to the transverse direction for tackling moment generation Property;
Each compartment is after inertia displacement, and the drive mechanism on vehicle will adjust cushion cylinder 5 and compensating cylinder 6 very first time Interior piston, makes piston playback, i.e., being in compressive state, compensating cylinder 6 for the piston in cushion cylinder 5 is full of hydraulic oil, Piston in compensating cylinder 6 is in maximum compression ratio state, to wait inertia displacement next time.
Above-described embodiment, has been carried out further to the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect Describe in detail, should be understood that the embodiment that the foregoing is only the present invention, be not limited to this hair Bright, within the spirit and principles of the invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements done etc. should be included in the present invention Protection domain within.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system, it is characterised in that:Including the frame structure on chassis (1), the frame structure(1)One group of opposite side of lateral direction of car between be provided with buffer system, the buffer system includes support Crossbeam(2), two hydraulic cylinders(3), caravan trunk is fixed on support beam(2)On, two hydraulic cylinders(3)Set respectively In support beam(2)Both sides, two hydraulic cylinders(3)It is fixed on frame structure(1)On, support beam(2)Two ends set respectively It is equipped with a hydraulic piston(4), the hydraulic piston(4)Piston end be placed in correspondence side hydraulic cylinder(3)It is interior, hydraulic cylinder (3)It is interior to be filled with hydraulic oil, the hydraulic cylinder(3)It is provided with cushion cylinder outside(5)And compensating cylinder(6), cushion cylinder(5)With Compensating cylinder(6)Pass through oil circuit and hydraulic cylinder respectively(3)Connection, cushion cylinder(5)And compensating cylinder(6)Inside it is provided with work Plug, the cushion cylinder(5)Interior piston be in compressive state, the compensating cylinder(6)It is interior to be full of hydraulic oil.
2. a kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The frame structure (1)Inside it is provided with slide rail(7), the support beam(2)In slide rail(7)It is interior to slide.
3. a kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The frame structure (1)It is interior at least provided with two buffer systems.
4. a kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cushion cylinder (5)With hydraulic cylinder(3)Between be provided with many oil line pipes, many oil line pipes and hydraulic cylinder(3)Junction be located at it is close Hydraulic cylinder(3)Bottom position.
5. a kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cushion cylinder (5)And compensating cylinder(6)It is outer to be provided with the drive mechanism for controlling respective internal piston playback.
CN201710397955.9A 2017-05-31 2017-05-31 A kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system Expired - Fee Related CN106985728B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710397955.9A CN106985728B (en) 2017-05-31 2017-05-31 A kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710397955.9A CN106985728B (en) 2017-05-31 2017-05-31 A kind of caravan carriage transverse inertia buffer system

Publications (2)

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CN106985728A true CN106985728A (en) 2017-07-28
CN106985728B CN106985728B (en) 2019-04-12

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004009783A (en) * 2002-06-04 2004-01-15 Railway Technical Res Inst Connecting type railcar
US20040011884A1 (en) * 2002-07-22 2004-01-22 Wilt H. William B. All terrain vechicle chemical applicator
CN203844699U (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-09-24 杨博驭 Buffering structure of outer carriage of school bus
CN104401411A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-11 广西银钢南益制造有限公司 Carriage limiting and buffering device
CN205311461U (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-06-15 常州乙顿液压科技有限公司 Anti shock's car as a house

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004009783A (en) * 2002-06-04 2004-01-15 Railway Technical Res Inst Connecting type railcar
US20040011884A1 (en) * 2002-07-22 2004-01-22 Wilt H. William B. All terrain vechicle chemical applicator
CN203844699U (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-09-24 杨博驭 Buffering structure of outer carriage of school bus
CN104401411A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-11 广西银钢南益制造有限公司 Carriage limiting and buffering device
CN205311461U (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-06-15 常州乙顿液压科技有限公司 Anti shock's car as a house

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Granted publication date: 20190412

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