CN106982808B - Termite bait, termite trapping and killing device and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Termite bait, termite trapping and killing device and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106982808B
CN106982808B CN201710121630.8A CN201710121630A CN106982808B CN 106982808 B CN106982808 B CN 106982808B CN 201710121630 A CN201710121630 A CN 201710121630A CN 106982808 B CN106982808 B CN 106982808B
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China
Prior art keywords
termite
sleeve
bait
termite bait
sponge
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CN201710121630.8A
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CN106982808A (en
Inventor
陈镜华
丘雪红
韩日畴
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Institute of Zoology of Guangdong Academy of Sciences
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Guangdong Institute of Applied Biological Resources
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M1/00Stationary means for catching or killing insects
    • A01M1/20Poisoning, narcotising, or burning insects
    • A01M1/2005Poisoning insects using bait stations
    • A01M1/2016Poisoning insects using bait stations for flying insects
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N41/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a sulfur atom bound to a hetero atom
    • A01N41/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a sulfur atom bound to a hetero atom containing a sulfur-to-oxygen double bond
    • A01N41/04Sulfonic acids; Derivatives thereof
    • A01N41/06Sulfonic acid amides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/40Liliopsida [monocotyledons]
    • A01N65/44Poaceae or Gramineae [Grass family], e.g. bamboo, lemon grass or citronella grass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M2200/00Kind of animal
    • A01M2200/01Insects
    • A01M2200/012Flying insects

Abstract

The invention discloses a termite bait, a termite trapping and killing device and a manufacturing method thereof. The termite bait is characterized by comprising a sleeve, wherein the upper end of the sleeve is closed, the lower end of the sleeve is provided with an opening, termite bait is filled in the sleeve, a layer of sponge is arranged between the sleeve at the upper end of the sleeve and the termite bait, kraft paper for sealing the opening at the lower end of the sleeve is fixed at the opening at the lower end of the sleeve, and a window capable of being opened and closed is arranged on the upper end wall of the sleeve. Compared with the existing termite medicament, the termite trapping and killing device has the advantages of simple structure, reasonable design and easy storage, avoids the moisture regain and decay of the termite bait during storage, can add water to wet sponge in a window during use so as to wet the termite bait, and can ensure that the termite bait is wet during prevention and treatment by the sponge which is full of water, thereby being beneficial to eating of termites and improving the prevention and treatment effect of the termites.

Description

Termite bait, termite trapping and killing device and manufacturing method thereof
The technical field is as follows:
the invention belongs to the field of termite control, and particularly relates to a termite bait, a termite trapping and killing device and a manufacturing method thereof.
Background art:
termites are a worldwide important pest, and in tropical and subtropical areas, termites are particularly harmful. China knows that 23 provinces and cities are distributed, and the hazard area is close to 40% of the total area of the whole country. They are very diffusive, break down rapidly and can cause significant losses in the short term. The economic loss caused by termite damage is about 20-25 billion yuan per year.
At present, the main control method of the termites is to adopt the termite trapping and killing agent to trap and kill the termites, but the existing termite trapping and killing device has poor effect in application practice.
The invention content is as follows:
the first purpose of the invention is to provide a new termite trapping and killing device which is high in quality and low in cost.
The invention relates to a termite trapping and killing device which is characterized by comprising a sleeve, wherein the upper end of the sleeve is closed, the lower end of the sleeve is provided with an opening, termite bait is filled in the sleeve, a layer of sponge is arranged between the sleeve at the upper end of the sleeve and the termite bait, kraft paper for sealing the lower end opening is fixed at the opening at the lower end of the sleeve, and a window capable of being opened and closed is arranged on the upper end wall of the sleeve.
Preferably, the termite bait is prepared from a termite bait, a termite bait and an adhesive according to a mass ratio of 1.5: 1.5: 1, mixing;
the adhesive is prepared from wheat starch, agar powder and water in a mass ratio of 1: 1: 6 stirring and mixing at 80 deg.C for 30min to obtain adhesive.
Preferably, the termite medical bait is pine sawdust containing 2 mass percent of sulfluramid. According to the mass fraction of 100%, placing 2% of sulfluramid in acetone (the volume ratio of acetone to wood chips is 1: 3) to be stirred and dissolved to obtain an acetone solution, fully mixing 98% of pine wood chips with the particle size of not more than 2mm with the acetone solution, and obtaining pine wood chips containing 2% of sulfluramid after the acetone is completely volatilized.
The termite bait is bagasse powder after beer yeast fermentation. The preparation method comprises the steps of crushing fresh bagasse into particles with the particle size not larger than 2mm, uniformly stirring 95% of bagasse particles and 5% of beer yeast zymocyte liquid according to the mass percentage of 100%, putting the mixture into an incubator at 25 ℃ for culturing for 2 days, and drying the mixture by hot air at 40 ℃ to obtain the termite bait.
The sleeve is preferably made of black latex.
Preferably, the bottom of the side wall of the sleeve is also provided with a fixing lug with a hole.
A second object of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing a termite trapper, which is characterized by comprising the steps of:
a. according to the mass ratio of 1: 1, fully and uniformly mixing the termite drug bait and the termite bait to obtain a mixture of the termite drug bait and the termite bait;
b. mixing wheat starch, agar powder and water according to a mass ratio of 1: 1: 6 stirring and mixing at 80 deg.C for 30min to obtain adhesive;
c. adding the mixture of the termite drug bait and the termite bait into an adhesive at the temperature of 50 ℃ according to the mass ratio of 3:1, and fully stirring until the mixture is agglomerated and not scattered, thereby obtaining the termite bait;
d. filling a layer of sponge at the closed end of the sleeve, then filling termite bait on the sponge, sealing the sleeve by kraft paper after filling the sleeve, and drying;
the termite bait is pine sawdust containing 2% of sulfluramid by mass;
the termite bait is bagasse powder after beer yeast fermentation.
The sugar cane slag powder fermented by the beer yeast has good effect of attracting termites, and is much better than the sugar cane slag powder. Therefore, the termite-resistant bait can be used as bait for termite control and has wide application prospect.
Compared with the existing termite medicament, the termite trapping and killing device has the advantages of simple structure, reasonable design and easy storage, avoids the moisture regain and decay of the termite bait during storage, can add water to wet sponge in a window during use so as to wet the termite bait, and can ensure that the termite bait is wet during prevention and treatment by the sponge which is full of water, thereby being beneficial to eating of termites and improving the prevention and treatment effect of the termites.
Description of the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a termite trapping device of the present invention;
wherein 1, a sleeve; 2. kraft paper; 3. termite bait; 4. a sponge; 5. a window; 6. a fixing ear with a hole.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
for better understanding of the essence of the invention, the technical contents of the invention are described in detail below with reference to examples, but the contents of the invention are not limited thereto and thus should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention.
Example 1:
1. insect source, bait and instrument for test
The termites are indoor feeding insects provided by biological resource and application research institute of Guangdong province. The test insects are all mature and healthy workers, and are starved for 24 hours at the temperature of 25 +/-1 ℃ for standby.
Bait raw materials:
A. the preparation of the bait of the invention comprises the following steps:
pine sawdust with 2% of sulfluramid in mass fraction was prepared. Every 100g of the bait is prepared by putting 2g of the sulfluramid into acetone (the volume ratio of the acetone to the wood chips is 1: 3) for stirring and dissolving, then fully mixing the acetone solution containing the sulfluramid with 98g of pine wood chips with the particle size not more than 2mm, and obtaining pine wood chips containing 2% of the sulfluramid by mass after the acetone is completely volatilized.
Preparation of beer yeast fermentation liquor: dissolving 10g of beer yeast extract and 20g of peptone in 900ml of water, sterilizing for 20min at 121 ℃ by high pressure steam, cooling to room temperature, adding 100ml of solution containing 10g of glucose in a super clean bench (sterilizing for 20min at 121 ℃ by high pressure steam, cooling to room temperature), and mixing uniformly to obtain the beer yeast culture solution. Inoculating beer yeast liquid into the beer yeast culture solution in an ultra-clean workbench, wherein the inoculation amount is 1% by volume. Putting the mixture into a shaking table for cultivation, wherein the rotation speed of the shaking table is 150rpm, the cultivation temperature is 28 ℃, and the cultivation time is 36 hours, so as to obtain the beer yeast zymocyte liquid.
Crushing fresh bagasse into particles with the particle size of not more than 2mm, uniformly stirring 95g of bagasse particles and 5g of beer yeast zymocyte liquid according to the mass percentage of 100%, putting the mixture into a constant-temperature incubator at 25 ℃ for culturing for 2 days, and then drying the mixture by hot air at 40 ℃ to obtain the termite bait.
In addition, a control group was prepared by pulverizing fresh bagasse into particles having a particle size of not more than 2mm, uniformly stirring 95g of bagasse particles with 5g of beer yeast culture solution (not inoculated with beer yeast for fermentation) in a mass percent of 100%, and drying with hot air at 40 ℃ to obtain a control termite bait.
The termite bait and the control bait are mixed according to the mass ratio of 1: 1 and pine sawdust containing 2 percent of sulfluramid by mass percentage are fully mixed. Obtaining the trapping bait and the control bait.
The olfactory reaction of the taiwan lactotermes formosanus to the 2 trapping and killing formulations is measured by utilizing a Y-shaped olfactometer:
the Y-shaped olfactometer is formed by sequentially connecting an electromagnetic air compressor, an active carbon air purification device, a glass rotameter, a 250mL Tech porous filter bottle (filled with water), a three-way pipe and a Y-shaped olfactometer (the two arms are 12cm long, the base pipe is 9cm long, the included angle of the two arms is 75 degrees, and the pipe diameter is 1 cm).
The air flow in the Y-shaped olfactometer is 500 mL/min; the measurement temperature was (27. + -. 1) ° C. Before experiment, the test insects are placed in a culture dish with the caliber of 9cm, and are placed in an incubator at the temperature of 27 +/-1 ℃ and the relative humidity of 80 +/-5 percent under the dark condition for hungry for 24 hours.
The olfactometer was placed in a dark box to keep the experiment in the dark. The worker ants are connected from the tail end of the base tube of the Y-shaped olfactometer, after 10min, the number of the test insects in the two side arms is checked after the selective reaction is basically stable, and the number of the insects entering the trap-killing bait tube, the experimental control tube and the insects staying in the base tube are respectively recorded. And (5) inoculating 10 healthy workers, and repeatedly treating for 4 times. After each experimental treatment, all pipelines of the olfactometer were rinsed with acetone and dried with a hair dryer, and then the two (actual attractant and control attractant) were exchanged.
TABLE 1
The invention relates to a trap bait tube termite retention number (only) Control bait tube termite retention number (only)
9 1
10 0
9 1
9 1
As can be seen from Table 1, the termite baits prepared according to the present invention have stronger attracting ability than the control baits.
Example 2:
as shown in fig. 1, the termite trapping and killing device of the present embodiment comprises a sleeve 1 made of black latex, the upper end of the sleeve is closed, the lower end of the sleeve is open, a termite bait 3 is installed in the sleeve, a layer of sponge 4 is arranged between the sleeve at the upper end of the sleeve and the termite bait, kraft paper 2 for sealing the lower end opening is fixed at the lower end opening of the sleeve, a window 5 capable of opening and closing is arranged on the upper end wall of the sleeve, the window can be naturally closed under the action of gravity, and 4 fixing lugs 6 with holes are relatively fixed at the bottom of two side walls of the sleeve.
The preparation method comprises the following steps:
a. according to the mass ratio of 1: 1, fully and uniformly mixing the termite drug bait and the termite bait to obtain a mixture of the termite drug bait and the termite bait;
b. mixing wheat starch, agar powder and water according to a mass ratio of 1: 1: 6 stirring and mixing at 80 deg.C for 30min to obtain adhesive;
c. adding the mixture of the termite drug bait and the termite bait into an adhesive at the temperature of 50 ℃ according to the mass ratio of 3:1, and fully stirring until the mixture is agglomerated and not scattered, thereby obtaining the termite bait;
d. filling a layer of sponge at the closed end of the sleeve, then filling termite bait on the sponge, sealing the sleeve with kraft paper after filling the sleeve, and drying to obtain the termite trapping and killing device.
The termite bait is pine sawdust containing 2% of sulfluramid by mass. Every 100g of the termite bait is prepared by putting 2g of the sulfluramid into acetone (the volume ratio of the acetone to the wood chips is 1: 3) for stirring and dissolving, then fully mixing the acetone solution containing the sulfluramid with 98g of pine wood chips with the particle size of not more than 2mm, and obtaining the pine wood chips containing the sulfluramid with the mass fraction of 2 percent after the acetone is completely volatilized.
The termite bait is bagasse powder after beer yeast fermentation. Every 100g of termite bait was prepared by pulverizing fresh bagasse into granules having a particle size of not more than 2mm, uniformly stirring 95g of bagasse granules with 5g of beer yeast fermentation broth (same as in example 1), placing in an incubator at 25 ℃ for 2 days, and drying with hot air at 40 ℃ to obtain termite bait.
In 2016 and 8 months, in a large-scale building greening garden in the area of the Panyu Gongzhou, the termite trapping and killing device prepared by the method is used for termite control.
Before use, a small window at the back of the termite trapping and killing device is opened, and tap water is poured into the small window until the small window is full of water.
Pressing the termite trapping and killing device on the trunk and fixing the termite trapping and killing device by penetrating the termite trapping and killing device through the holes on the fixing lugs by using screws, and checking the termite damage condition after 2-3 weeks.
The tree termites placed with the termite trapping and killing device can be effectively prevented and treated.

Claims (2)

1. A termite trap device is characterized by comprising a sleeve, wherein the upper end of the sleeve is closed, the lower end of the sleeve is provided with an opening, termite bait is filled in the sleeve, a layer of sponge is arranged between the sleeve at the upper end of the sleeve and the termite bait, kraft paper for sealing the lower end opening is fixed at the opening at the lower end of the sleeve, and a window capable of being opened and closed is arranged on the upper end wall of the sleeve;
the termite bait is prepared from a termite drug bait, a termite bait and an adhesive in a mass ratio of 1.5: 1.5: 1, mixing;
the adhesive is prepared from wheat starch, agar powder and water in a mass ratio of 1: 1: 6 stirring and mixing at 80 deg.C for 30min to obtain adhesive;
the termite bait is bagasse powder after beer yeast fermentation;
the termite bait is pine sawdust containing 2% of sulfluramid by mass;
the sleeve is made of black latex;
the bottom of the side wall of the sleeve is also provided with a fixing lug with a hole.
2. A manufacturing method of a termite trapping and killing device is characterized by comprising the following steps:
a. according to the mass ratio of 1: 1, fully and uniformly mixing the termite drug bait and the termite bait to obtain a mixture of the termite drug bait and the termite bait;
b. mixing wheat starch, agar powder and water according to a mass ratio of 1: 1: 6 stirring and mixing at 80 deg.C for 30min to obtain adhesive;
c. adding the mixture of the termite drug bait and the termite bait into an adhesive at the temperature of 50 ℃ according to the mass ratio of 3:1, and fully stirring until the mixture is agglomerated and not scattered, thereby obtaining the termite bait;
d. filling a layer of sponge at the closed end of the sleeve, then filling termite bait on the sponge, sealing the sleeve by kraft paper after filling the sleeve, and drying;
the termite bait is pine sawdust containing 2% of sulfluramid by mass;
the termite bait is bagasse powder after beer yeast fermentation.
CN201710121630.8A 2017-03-02 2017-03-02 Termite bait, termite trapping and killing device and manufacturing method thereof Active CN106982808B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106982808B true CN106982808B (en) 2020-11-17

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Families Citing this family (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111213624A (en) * 2020-01-21 2020-06-02 杭州利安环境工程有限公司 Method for trapping and killing termites

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2754366Y (en) * 2004-12-23 2006-02-01 常州市武进区白蚁防治所 Outdoor termite monitoring killer
CN201451118U (en) * 2009-07-09 2010-05-12 诸暨市白蚁防制技术开发服务研究所 Device for trapping termites
CN101595860A (en) * 2009-07-09 2009-12-09 诸暨市白蚁防制技术开发服务研究所 A kind of device of trapping and killing termites
CN102258061A (en) * 2010-05-31 2011-11-30 刘川 Long-term efficient termite bait and preparation method
CN101999349B (en) * 2010-12-21 2013-02-27 广东省昆虫研究所 D-limonene-containing mixed oil agent for killing solenopsis invicta buren and method for killing the solenopsis invicta buren
US9015989B1 (en) * 2014-05-22 2015-04-28 Bell Laboratories, Inc. Ant bait dispenser

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Address after: 510260 No. 105 West Xingang Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Haizhuqu District

Patentee after: Institute of zoology, Guangdong Academy of Sciences

Address before: 510260 No. 105 West Xingang Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Haizhuqu District

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