CN106982222A - The multi-protocol data cut-in method and device that can configure under a kind of industrial 4.0 environment - Google Patents

The multi-protocol data cut-in method and device that can configure under a kind of industrial 4.0 environment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106982222A
CN106982222A CN201710271594.3A CN201710271594A CN106982222A CN 106982222 A CN106982222 A CN 106982222A CN 201710271594 A CN201710271594 A CN 201710271594A CN 106982222 A CN106982222 A CN 106982222A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
protocol
access
configuration
data
equipment
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710271594.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
万加富
徐文星
闫荷花
李迪
王世勇
易鸣伦
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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South China University of Technology SCUT
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by South China University of Technology SCUT filed Critical South China University of Technology SCUT
Priority to CN201710271594.3A priority Critical patent/CN106982222A/en
Publication of CN106982222A publication Critical patent/CN106982222A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/02Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving the use of web-based technology, e.g. hyper text transfer protocol [HTTP]
    • H04L67/025Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving the use of web-based technology, e.g. hyper text transfer protocol [HTTP] for remote control or remote monitoring of the application
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/30Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving profiles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Application independent communication protocol aspects or techniques in packet data networks
    • H04L69/18Multi-protocol handler, e.g. single device capable of handling multiple protocols
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Application independent communication protocol aspects or techniques in packet data networks
    • H04L69/26Special purpose or proprietary protocols or architectures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Application independent communication protocol aspects or techniques in packet data networks
    • H04L69/30Definitions, standards or architectural aspects of layered protocol stacks
    • H04L69/32High level architectural aspects of 7-layer open systems interconnection [OSI] type protocol stacks
    • H04L69/322Aspects of intra-layer communication protocols among peer entities or protocol data unit [PDU] definitions
    • H04L69/329Aspects of intra-layer communication protocols among peer entities or protocol data unit [PDU] definitions in the application layer, i.e. layer seven

Abstract

The invention discloses the multi-protocol data cut-in method and device that can configure under a kind of industrial 4.0 environment;Terminal, industry wireless network including remote protocol configuration, and support the data access card of multi-protocols;The apparatus function includes manufacturing equipment communication protocol storehouse, and communications protocol format parameter can configure, and newly-increased manufacturing equipment facility access intelligent manufacturing system.Required according to different manufacturing equipment communications protocol formats, editable application layer communication protocol storehouse is set up on computer or mobile phone;When there is new manufacturing equipment to access manufacture system, application layer communication protocol is configured according to new equipment communicating requirement on computer or smart mobile phone;The application layer communication protocol data of download configuration store to data access card and update communication protocol, are newly equipped with standby access manufacture system.The present apparatus is directed to manufacturing equipment access problem under industrial 4.0 background, using configurable multi-protocol data access device, realizes manufacturing equipment facility access manufacture system.

Description

The multi-protocol data cut-in method and device that can configure under a kind of industrial 4.0 environment
Technical field
The present invention relates to what be can configure under multi-protocol data cut-in method and device, more particularly to a kind of industrial 4.0 environment Multi-protocol data cut-in method and device.
Background technology
Communication protocol refers to that both entities complete communication or service be must comply with rule and agreement.Pass through communication channel The data communication system of the multiple diverse geographic locations got up with apparatus interconnection, can cooperate realize information exchange and Data transfer, it is necessary to have a kind of communication protocol.Data transfer mode is substantially fixed, one kind system under conventionally manufactured environment A kind of communication protocol of manufacturing apparatus correspondence, i.e., after a kind of equipment access, can only be carried out by the agreement and fixed protocol parameter of the equipment Data transfer, it is impossible to dynamic change.
Under industrial 4.0 environment, manufacturing equipment and wiring species are various, and emerging procotol and interface case are also multiple It is miscellaneous changeable.Multiple network protocol is unable to direct communication, so the security of data transfer is greatly increased, it is therefore, a variety of Network protocol communications technology is used widely in production and living.But in manufacturing environment, equipment utilization multiple types multi-quantity The data access card of single communication agreement, this adds increased the complexity of hardware structure, installs and change also becomes more difficult, Numerous hardware devices can also increase energy expenditure.In addition, when there is new agreement access, this interface can only enter in the setup parameter Row data transfer, it is impossible to according to manufacture on-site actual situations configuration, real-time and reconfigurability are poor, it is impossible to realize Remote configuration with Optimize device resource.
With the development of technology, hardware device is also being constantly updated, and present its network interface of hardware device is more and more, But also a variety of application layer protocols can be supported.Existing manufacturing equipment and agreement are numerous, can select to support many application layer protocols Data access card can meet the demand of its data transfer well.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to the shortcoming and defect for overcoming above-mentioned prior art, there is provided can under industrial 4.0 environment of one kind The multi-protocol data cut-in method and device of configuration.The manufacturing equipment of purport various protocols on the application layer can be accessed more easily, Meet the demand that production process is transmitted to device data.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The multi-protocol data access device that can configure under a kind of industrial 4.0 environment, including terminal Configuration module, configuration File module and by be deployed in manufacture scene application layer multi-protocols access device constitute;
Terminal Configuration module includes:Editable application layer protocol Knowledge Base Module, human-computer interaction interface and safe mould Block;
The editable application layer protocol Knowledge Base Module:Including the protocol type that can access on access card, access protocol Address, interfaces state and the current data transmission parameters of the type agreement;
The human-computer interaction interface:When new manufacturing equipment will be accessed, operating personnel can transmit according to the device data Application layer protocol information and demand Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol parameter, complete new agreement access;It can be updated after the completion of configuration task Protocol library information, is inquired about for operating personnel, realizes monitoring in real time;
The security module:It is required that to protocol database information carry out safeguard protection.
Multi-protocols access device includes:
Microprocessor;For running configuration file and protocol switching program;
Various protocols interface;
Memory module;During for data traffic (larger) in transmission, in order to avoid microprocessor overloads, by partial data Temporary cache;Memory module is divided into FlashROM and cache blocks two parts;Wherein, what Flash ROM were received for depositing matches somebody with somebody The address and relevant parameter of file and protocol switching program and each agreement are put, new agreement accesses and deposits fresh information after performing;
Universal asynchronous transmitter (UART);Serial parallel conversion for data transfer between equipment interface and microprocessor;
Wireless transceiver;For receiving configuration file, and to the information after terminal feedback configuration;
Four parts of configuration file format point:Protocol type section, address field, functional section and parameter section;
The identifier of title comprising agreement and the agreement, such as RS-232, RS-485, Zigbee, work in protocol type section Industrial Ethernet etc.;
The address that sets when access address section is the access of certain agreement, it and protocol switching program address and interface in access card Form one-to-one mapping;
Configuration feature section is the work selection of the decision-making interface, and such as access protocol starts and terminated transmission;
Parameter section is configuration parameter such as baud rate, data bit, start bit etc..
When new equipment access, operating personnel are according to the application layer protocol type of the equipment with matching somebody with somebody the need for data transfer Put specific parameter, configuration file is issued to access card by wireless network, by wireless transceiver receive after be stored in FlashROM In, the file address in microcomputer reads FlashPROM, according to the corresponding protocol switching program of its call by location, uses this Agreement completes the access of manufacturing equipment, and data transfer and protocol remote configuration process are determined by configuration parameter.
The present invention has the following advantages and effect relative to prior art:
The demand that the present invention can be accessed for brand-new manufacturing apparatus, using many application layer protocol access cards, to system hardware Structure change is smaller, saves hardware device resources and energy expenditure, improves resource utilization, decreases workload.
The present invention, in remote port send configuration order, only need to edit application layer protocol storehouse and agreement in advance by wireless network Changeover program, configuration file is write simply, can realize the integrated management to manufacturing equipment, substantially increase allocative efficiency, meets Configure requirement of real-time.
Application layer multi-protocols multiplex roles equipment is easily obtained in the present invention, and device is based on modularized design, and easily it is entered Row extension and change, practicality is very strong under the plurality of devices various protocols environment of industry 4.0.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is software architecture diagram.
Fig. 2 configuration file format figures.
Fig. 3 hardware structure diagrams.
Fig. 4 configuration flow figures.
Embodiment
The present invention is more specifically described in detail with reference to specific embodiment.
Embodiment
Such as Fig. 1~Fig. 4;The multi-protocol data access device that can configure under industrial 4.0 environment of the present invention, including terminal configuration Software, configuration file and by be deployed in manufacture scene application layer multi-protocols access card constitute;Terminal configuration software includes compiling The application layer protocol Knowledge Base Module collected, human-computer interaction interface, security module;Multi-protocols access device includes microprocessor, should With layer multi-protocols access port, memory module, protocol switching program, universal asynchronous transmitter (UART), radio receiving transmitting module.
Such as Fig. 1;Terminal configuration software includes pressing the application layer of distributed structure/architecture editor according to the existing device protocol feature of manufacture Communication protocol storehouse;
Protocol library includes:The protocol type that can access on access card, agreement access address, on certain interface the agreement work State and the current data transmission parameters of the type agreement etc..When the equipment that there is new agreement manufacturing shop is added or removed, Editable changes the agreement in protocol library.
Human-computer interaction interface:When new manufacturing equipment will be accessed, what operating personnel can transmit according to the device data should With layer protocol information and the demand of data transfer, dynamically configuration protocol parameter, completes new agreement access;When manufacture is set During standby completion data transfer, operating personnel can configure file again, terminates the agreement transmission work, vacates resource and space.Configuration The operational data form of the agreement can be generated after the completion of task, protocol library information updating is inquired about for operating personnel, realized to configuration The real-time tracking monitoring of implementation status;, can be more in ensuing configuration work and operating personnel are by monitoring information Flexibly selection, greatly reduces workload, configuration task is become more simple.
Security module:It is required that to protocol database information carry out demand for safety protection pair protocol database information Safeguard protection is carried out, is gone wrong to prevent protocol database or is broken into and causes information to lose, reveal, be modified; Want relaying configuration module so as not to because operating mistake or other problemses and caused by configure disorderly, influence protocol configuration and data transfer Process.
Such as Fig. 2;Four parts of application layer protocol configuration file format point:Protocol type section, address field, functional section and data Configured transmission.The identifier of title comprising agreement and the agreement, such as RS-232, RS-485, Zigbee, work in protocol type section Industrial Ethernet etc.;The address that sets when access address section is the access of certain agreement, it and protocol switching program address shape in access card A mapping in a pair, i.e., a kind of application layer protocol is in access, and configuration file can drive corresponding protocol switching program and start Device protocol in the interface of the correspondence agreement, non-protocol library can not be accessed.Configuration feature section is the work choosing of the decision-making interface Select, such as new access protocol starts to transmit termination after the completion of data, transformation task, it is to avoid Internet resources are excessively taken;Configuration ginseng Several sections are that the access protocol can transmit the parameter of data, the starting of such as data format with configuration according to current environment reasonable definition Position, data bit and stop position and the baud rate of explanation data transmission speed etc..
It is hardware structure of the present invention such as Fig. 3;It includes microprocessor, various protocols access port, memory module, UART, nothing Line transceiver.Manufacturing equipment protocol type is numerous under industrial 4.0 environment, and algorithm is complicated and changeable, and data traffic generally all compares It is larger, therefore the processor of Selecting operation speed comes running configuration file and protocol switching program, one piece of agreement access card The application layer protocol of four types can be accessed.The function of wireless transceiver is to receive the configuration file remotely sent, and is Terminal sends implementation status information.Memory module point FlashROM and cache blocks two parts, FlashROM are received for storage Configuration file and protocol switching program and each agreement address and relevant parameter, new agreement access and perform after storage update letter Breath.Cache module is used for when the data traffic of transmission is very big, and in order to avoid microprocessor overloads, partial data is temporarily delayed Deposit.UART is used for the serial parallel conversion of data transfer between equipment interface and microprocessor.
It is configuration flow figure of the present invention such as Fig. 4;When new equipment access, operating personnel are according to the application layer of the equipment Specific parameter is configured the need for protocol type and data transfer, configuration file is issued to access card by wireless network, by wireless Transceiver is stored in FlashROM after receiving, the file address in microcomputer reads Flash PROM, is adjusted according to its address With corresponding protocol switching program, the access of manufacturing equipment is completed using the agreement, data transfer and association are determined by configuration parameter Discuss Remote configuration process.This equipment can Remote configuration protocol data access, the configuration parameter such as baud rate.Furthermore, it is possible to root According to specific network condition, by writing the multi-protocols changeover program with Do statement, the timesharing to each protocol devices data is realized Transmission.
As described above, the present invention can be better realized.
Embodiments of the present invention are simultaneously not restricted to the described embodiments, other any Spirit Essences without departing from the present invention With the change made under principle, modification, replacement, combine, simplify, should be equivalent substitute mode, be included in the present invention Within protection domain.

Claims (4)

1. the multi-protocol data access device that can configure under a kind of industrial 4.0 environment, it is characterised in that:Including terminal configuration software Module, profile module and by be deployed in manufacture scene application layer multi-protocols access device constitute;
Terminal Configuration module includes:Editable application layer protocol Knowledge Base Module, human-computer interaction interface and security module;
The editable application layer protocol Knowledge Base Module:Including on access card can access protocol type, access protocol address, Interfaces state and the current data transmission parameters of the type agreement;
The human-computer interaction interface:When new manufacturing equipment will be accessed, what operating personnel can transmit according to the device data should With layer protocol information and demand Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol parameter, new agreement access is completed;Agreement can be updated after the completion of configuration task Storehouse information, is inquired about for operating personnel, realizes monitoring in real time;
The security module:It is required that to protocol database information carry out safeguard protection.
2. the multi-protocol data access device that can configure according to claim 1 under industrial 4.0 environment, it is characterised in that many Agreement access device includes:
Microprocessor;For running configuration file and protocol switching program;
Various protocols interface;
Memory module;For in the data traffic of transmission, in order to avoid microprocessor overloads, by partial data temporary cache; Memory module is divided into Flash ROM and cache blocks two parts;Wherein, Flash ROM be used to depositing the configuration file that receives and The address and relevant parameter of protocol switching program and each agreement, new agreement access and deposit fresh information after performing;
Universal asynchronous transmitter;Serial parallel conversion for data transfer between equipment interface and microprocessor;
Wireless transceiver;For receiving configuration file, and to the information after terminal feedback configuration.
3. the multi-protocol data access device that can configure according to claim 2 under industrial 4.0 environment, it is characterised in that institute State four parts of configuration file format point:Protocol type section, address field, functional section and parameter section;
The identifier of title comprising agreement and the agreement in protocol type section;
The address that access address section is set when being the access of certain agreement, it is formed with protocol switching program address and interface in access card One-to-one mapping;
Configuration feature section is the work selection of the decision-making interface;
Parameter section is that configuration parameter includes baud rate, data bit, start bit.
4. the cut-in method for the multi-protocol data access device that can configure under industrial 4.0 environment described in a kind of claim 3, it is special Levy and be:
When new equipment access, operating personnel are special with being configured the need for data transfer according to the application layer protocol type of the equipment Fixed parameter, configuration file is issued to access card by wireless network, by wireless transceiver receive after be stored in Flash ROM, File address in microcomputer reads Flash PROM, according to the corresponding protocol switching program of its call by location, uses the association View completes the access of manufacturing equipment, and data transfer and protocol remote configuration process are determined by configuration parameter.
CN201710271594.3A 2017-04-24 2017-04-24 The multi-protocol data cut-in method and device that can configure under a kind of industrial 4.0 environment Pending CN106982222A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109639737A (en) * 2019-01-25 2019-04-16 浙江大学 Agreement generating device, the method for converting protocol of data collection station and configuration method
CN110166840A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-08-23 视联动力信息技术股份有限公司 A kind of method for processing business, system and device
CN111030924A (en) * 2019-11-26 2020-04-17 浙江吉城云创科技有限公司 Gateway equipment, configuration method and working method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109639737A (en) * 2019-01-25 2019-04-16 浙江大学 Agreement generating device, the method for converting protocol of data collection station and configuration method
CN110166840A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-08-23 视联动力信息技术股份有限公司 A kind of method for processing business, system and device
CN110166840B (en) * 2019-05-15 2021-05-14 视联动力信息技术股份有限公司 Service processing method, system and device
CN111030924A (en) * 2019-11-26 2020-04-17 浙江吉城云创科技有限公司 Gateway equipment, configuration method and working method

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