CN106973695A - A kind of fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system - Google Patents

A kind of fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106973695A
CN106973695A CN201710157993.7A CN201710157993A CN106973695A CN 106973695 A CN106973695 A CN 106973695A CN 201710157993 A CN201710157993 A CN 201710157993A CN 106973695 A CN106973695 A CN 106973695A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
groove
crawl
cogeneration
treatment trough
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201710157993.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李道亮
付为森
饶伟
李洪文
位耀光
杨卫中
王亮
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China Agricultural University
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China Agricultural University
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Publication date
Application filed by China Agricultural University filed Critical China Agricultural University
Priority to CN201710157993.7A priority Critical patent/CN106973695A/en
Publication of CN106973695A publication Critical patent/CN106973695A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/60Cultivation rooms; Equipment therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system that the present invention is provided, including crawl, water planting groove, edible fungus culturing groove and water treatment trough.The discarded object that fish produce, by the processing of water treatment trough, is transformed into the nutrient solution needed for vegetables and edible fungi;The oxygen of Vegetable Output can be utilized by fish and edible fungi simultaneously, and the carbon dioxide of fish and edible fungi output can provide fertilizer for vegetables, efficiently make use of the resources such as water, gas, nutriment and the energy again.Also by the way that crawl, water planting groove and edible fungus culturing groove are reasonably laid out, space availability ratio is effectively raised so that the cogeneration system construction cost is low, floor space is small, integration degree is high, can easily be built with the place such as garden indoors.And while people enjoy the underwater sound and greenery, a considerable number of, quality assurance aquatic products, vegetables and edible fungi can be also harvested, many demands such as food-safe people, inhabitation beautification and daily leisure are met.

Description

A kind of fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of ecological agricultural, more particularly, to a kind of fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system.
Background technology
At present, circulating water cultivation technology is very high to the degree of dependence of breeding water body, originates from aquatic biological itself excrement The accumulation of the pollutants such as three nitrogen (ammonia nitrogen, nitrite nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen are commonly called as " three nitrogen "), directly or indirectly influence water generation The existence of thing.The discharge that there are problems that the breeding wastewater of three nitrogen accumulations simultaneously exacerbates water body environment pollution, and this kind of sewage is Important pollution sources as China's water pollution.
With stepping up and change to food needs for people's living standard, health, green, environmental protection and easily Life style is increasingly paid attention to, and the food of health, nutrition and health is increasingly liked by people.Wherein, green is without public affairs Harmful, fresh clean victual is particularly important to the Modern Live of people.
The fish and vegetable symbiotic system integration of the wide variety occurred in recent years circulating water cultivation technology and water culture technique, in water Processing links have the participation of the microorganisms such as nitrobacteria and denitrifying bacteria, to promote ammonia nitrogen to nitrite and nitrate nitrogen Conversion, utilizes plant absorption nitrate in water planting link, three nitrogen of traditional aquaculture is solved the problems, such as to a certain extent.And Oxygen produced by plant growth can be absorbed by fish, and the carbon dioxide of fish exhalation can carry out photosynthetic utilize for plant and provide Demand.
But existing fish and vegetable symbiotic system is more single in recycling for the energy, water, gas and nutriment are not obtained To efficient and rational utilization;And existing fish and vegetable symbiotic system is also more single in the product category of harvest, it is impossible to well Meet the demand to green non-pollution product in people's daily life.
The content of the invention
For it is above-mentioned the problem of, the present invention provides a kind of fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system.
Include according to an aspect of the present invention there is provided a kind of fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system:It is crawl, water planting groove, edible Bacteria cultivation groove and water treatment trough;The crawl bottom be provided with perforate, the first water pipe through the perforate by the crawl with The water treatment trough connection, and the mouth of pipe that first water pipe is communicated with the crawl is highly preset height.The water planting Groove is used for planting vegetable, and top of the bottom higher than the crawl of the water planting groove, the delivery port of the water planting groove and institute Crawl is stated to communicate.The water treatment trough is located at the lower section of the water planting groove, and the top of the water treatment trough is supported less than described The bottom in fishpond, the delivery port of the water treatment trough respectively with the water inlet of the edible fungus culturing groove and the water planting groove Water inlet is communicated.The edible fungus culturing groove is located at the region between the water planting groove and the water treatment trough.
Wherein, the water treatment trough by it is laterally separated be physical filtering groove, biofiltration groove and water leg;The physics mistake Fitros, filter pulp and filter screen are sequentially arranged in filter pocket from bottom to up, the top of the physical filtering groove is provided with and first water The water inlet of pipe connection, the lower partition perforate between the physical filtering groove and the biofiltration groove or stays seam;It is described Biochemistry ball is filled with biofiltration groove, the divider height between the biofiltration groove and the water leg is less than the physics Divider height between lautertuns and the biofiltration groove;Water pump, the delivery port of the water pump are provided with the water leg Communicated by the second water pipe with the water inlet of the edible fungus culturing groove, and water is entered by the 3rd water pipe and the water planting groove Mouth is communicated.
Wherein, second water pipe is provided with multiple branch roads, and the multiple respective water outlet of branch road is equipped with shower nozzle, institute The main road for stating the second water pipe is provided with the first valve.
Wherein, there is the sleeve pipe being set in outside first water pipe, described sleeve pipe bottom is provided with sawtooth in the crawl Shape opening, and the height of described sleeve pipe and the crawl is highly consistent;And in the crawl on first water pipe The second valve is provided between the water treatment trough.
Wherein, the edible fungus culturing groove uses light-proof material, and one end of the edible fungus culturing groove top cover plate Air-vent is provided with provided with exhaust fan, the other end.
Wherein, the cover plate on the water planting groove top is provided with different types of hole, and the spacing of inhomogeneity type hole is different, institute State in inhomogeneity type hole and be equipped with field planting basket;Wherein, the type of flow of liquid is in the water planting groove:Shallow liquid stream.
Wherein, the cogeneration system also includes environment conditioning equipment;The environment conditioning equipment includes heater and refrigeration Air-conditioning.
Wherein, the environment conditioning equipment also includes the LED for the multiple color combination for being arranged on the water planting groove top Pipe and tube stand, and it is arranged on the ultraviolet sterilizer of the water planting groove delivery port.
Wherein, arranged above and below the water planting groove, the edible fungus culturing groove and the water treatment trough, the crawl is relative In the water planting groove, the edible fungus culturing groove and described water treatment trough or so arrangement.
Wherein, the environment conditioning equipment also includes timer, and the timer is used to control the water pump, described first Valve, second valve, the LED, the heater and the refrigeration air-conditioner.
The fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system that the present invention is provided, the discarded object that fish are produced, by micro- life such as nitrobacteria Decomposition, the conversion of thing, are transformed into the nutrient solution needed for vegetables and edible fungi;Simultaneously the oxygen of Vegetable Output can by fish and Edible fungi is utilized, the carbon dioxide of fish and edible fungi output, can be provided fertilizer for vegetables again, efficiently be make use of The resources such as water, gas, nutriment and the energy.Also by the way that crawl, water planting groove and edible fungus culturing groove are reasonably laid out, effectively Improve space availability ratio so that the cogeneration system construction cost is low, floor space is small, integration degree is high, can be indoors Easily built with the place such as garden.And while people enjoy the underwater sound and greenery, it can also harvest a considerable number of, quality and protect Aquatic products, vegetables and the edible fungi of barrier, meet many need such as food-safe people, inhabitation beautification and daily leisure Ask.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is the accompanying drawing used required in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are this hairs Some bright embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be with root Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is explicitly described, it is clear that described embodiment be the present invention A part of embodiment, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not having The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is made, the scope of protection of the invention is belonged to.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system provided in an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in figure 1, this is common Raw system includes:Crawl 1, water planting groove 3, edible fungus culturing groove 5 and water treatment trough.The bottom of crawl 1 is provided with perforate, the One water pipe connects the crawl 1 with the water treatment trough through the perforate, and first water pipe and the crawl 1 The mouth of pipe communicated is highly preset height.The water planting groove 3 is used for planting vegetable, and the water planting groove 3 bottom higher than described The top of crawl 1, the delivery port of the water planting groove 3 is communicated with the crawl 1.The water treatment trough is located at the water planting groove 3 lower section, and bottom of the top less than the crawl 1 of the water treatment trough, and the delivery port difference of the water treatment trough Communicated with the water inlet of the edible fungus culturing groove 5 and the water inlet of the water planting groove 3.The edible fungus culturing groove 5 is located at Region between the water planting groove 3 and the water treatment trough.
In one embodiment, crawl 1 is used to store up fish, and crawl 1 can be circular, square or other shapes Deng, for example, weld squarely from plastic plate, squarely etc. is bonded with the round plastic of shaping bucket, or with glass plate, this Crawl 1 in embodiment by glass plate be bonded it is square exemplified by, but be not used in and limit the scope of the invention.Glass is supported Fishpond 1 is overall in parallel placement with water planting groove 3.Planting vegetable in water planting groove 3, therefore water planting groove is placed on to the highest of cogeneration system Place, had both met vegetables and has carried out photosynthesis to the demand of sunlight, and easily can be back to the water in water planting groove 3 and breed fish again Pond 1.Because edible mushroom has the cloudy hygrophilous growth characteristics of happiness, so edible fungus culturing groove 5 is arranged on into water planting groove 3 and water process Region between groove.
In order to allow the water in crawl 1 naturally to flow out to water treatment trough, therefore the top of water treatment trough is set Less than the bottom of crawl 1, water treatment trough is placed on the ground positioned at the lower section of water planting groove 3 in the present embodiment, it is so both full The foot demand of cogeneration system, saves manufacturing cost again.And there is enough water to supply Fish Survival to allow in crawl 1, need The mouth of pipe that first water pipe is communicated with crawl 1 is highly set to preset height, i.e., mouth of pipe height with it is retained in crawl 1 Waterline it is highly consistent, so ensuring that has enough water to supply Fish Survival in crawl 1, and unnecessary water can lead to Cross the first water pipe and be expelled to water treatment trough.Then water treatment trough is by purifying water process and is delivered to edible fungus culturing groove 5 and water planting Groove 3, for edible mushroom and vegetables provide nutrition and needed for moisture, flowing into the water of edible fungus culturing groove 5 is used to provide edible mushroom Growth needs, and in addition to flowing into the growth of the water of water planting groove 3 except providing vegetables and needing, the water outlet that unnecessary water passes through water planting groove 3 Mouth is back to crawl 1.Crawl 1, water planting groove 3 and edible fungus culturing groove 5 can be by corresponding supports in the embodiment of the present invention Support.
The embodiment of the present invention make use of the resources such as water, gas, nutriment and the energy compared with prior art, more efficiently. Also by the way that crawl, water planting groove and edible fungus culturing groove are reasonably laid out, space availability ratio is effectively raised so that this is total to Raw system building cost is low, floor space is small, integration degree is high, can easily be built with the place such as garden indoors.And Make people on a set of integrated recirculated water platform while obtaining a variety of outputs such as aquatic products, vegetables and edible mushroom, meet people Food-safe, live beautification and many demands such as daily leisure.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, the water treatment trough is by laterally separated for physical filtering groove 7, biofiltration groove 8 With water leg 9.Fitros, filter pulp and filter screen, and the physical filtering groove have been sequentially arranged in the physical filtering groove 7 from bottom to up 7 top is provided with the water inlet connected with first water pipe, between the physical filtering groove 7 and the biofiltration groove 8 The lower partition is provided with perforate or stays seam.Be filled with biochemistry ball in the biofiltration groove 8, the biofiltration groove 8 with it is described Divider height between water leg 9 is less than the divider height between the physical filtering groove 7 and the biofiltration groove 8.It is described It is provided with water pump 10 in water leg 9, the delivery port of the water pump 10 enters water by the second water pipe and the edible fungus culturing groove 5 Mouth is communicated, and is communicated by the 3rd water pipe with the water inlet of the water planting groove 3.
Wherein, biochemistry ball is one kind of the biochemical filter material of ornamental fish, is used for large-scale drip filtering, is commonly used for lower cylinder filtering Master cylinder overflow area play insulation, noise reduction and oxygenation.
Specifically, water treatment trough is partitioned into physical filtering groove 7, biofiltration groove 8 and water leg 9, then crawl 1 Interior unnecessary water, flows into physics lautertuns 7, then in physics mistake by water inlet of first water pipe through the top of physical filtering groove 7 The filtering of filter screen, filter pulp and fitros is sequentially passed through in filter pocket 7, the excrement of water fish is filtered away.Filtered through physical filtering groove 7 Water afterwards, through the perforate of the lower partition between physical filtering groove 7 and biofiltration groove 8 or stays seam to flow out to biofiltration groove 8, Water is so set to flow to top from biofiltration groove bottom, the biochemistry ball that can be allowed in biofiltration groove 8 is relatively evenly soaked by current Bubble, makes microbial environment than more uniform, while biochemistry ball can provide larger attaching surface for microorganisms such as nitrobacterias.When When being full of water in biofiltration groove 8, the top of unnecessary water from biofiltration groove 8 is spilled over to water leg 9, and water leg 9 is mainly used In collect and caching biofiltration groove 8 water, then the water pump 10 in water leg 9 water is delivered to by the second water pipe edible The water inlet of bacteria cultivation groove 5, and water is delivered to by the 3rd water pipe the water inlet of water planting groove 3.
In embodiments of the present invention, by the collective effect of physical filtering groove, biofiltration groove and water leg, by crawl Be delivered to edible fungus culturing groove and water planting groove after the Water warfare of discharge, filtering, for edible mushroom and vegetables provide nutrition and needed for Moisture.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, second water pipe is provided with multiple branch roads, the multiple respective water outlet of branch road Shower nozzle is equipped with mouthful, the main road of second water pipe is provided with the first valve.
Specifically, when water is delivered to edible fungus culturing groove 5 by the water pump 10 in water leg 9 by the second water pipe, Multiple branch roads are set on two water pipes, and shower nozzle is respectively provided with the respective water outlet of multiple branch roads, each branch road is moved the water to flow into and leads to Shower nozzle is crossed to be sprayed in the form of spraying in edible fungus culturing groove, so reasonably controlling stream can enter the water of edible fungus culturing groove Amount, makes the space for forming humidity in edible fungus culturing groove avoid edible fungus culturing groove inner product dilutional hyponatremia again, is the life of edible mushroom It is long that advantage is provided.First valve is set on the main road of the second water pipe, the first valve is opened when needing sprinkling, the is closed One valve then terminates sprinkling, can need to control sprinkling number of times according to the growth of edible mushroom.So both provided well for edible mushroom Growing environment, the rationally effective purpose using water resource is reached again.
There is the sleeve pipe being set in outside first water pipe on the basis of above-described embodiment, in the crawl 1, it is described Sleeve bottom is provided with indentation, and the height of described sleeve pipe and the crawl is highly consistent;And first water The second valve is provided with pipe between the crawl 1 and the water treatment trough.
Specifically, when the waterline in crawl 1 is more than the mouth of pipe that the first water pipe is communicated with crawl 1, in crawl 1 Unnecessary water is expelled to water treatment trough from the first water pipe, by setting the sleeve pipe being set in outside the first water pipe, example in crawl 1 Such as, the diameter of sleeve pipe is than one or two big specifications of diameter of the first water pipe, and sleeve bottom is provided with indentation, and sleeve pipe Height and crawl 1 it is highly consistent so that the water in crawl 1 is flow at the top of the first water pipe by sleeve bottom, then through the One water pipe discharges crawl 1.It can so make to be deposited in excrement of the bottom of crawl 1 etc. with current discharge crawl 1, and float Crawl 1 is not discharged in the feed of the water surface of crawl 1.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, the edible fungus culturing groove 5 uses light-proof material, and the edible fungus culturing One end of the top cover plate of groove 5 is provided with air-vent provided with exhaust fan, the other end.
Specifically, edible fungus culturing groove 5 is made of light-proof material, can makes to form cloudy in edible fungus culturing groove 5 Dark environment, advantage is provided for the growth of edible mushroom.Exhaust is set in one end of the top cover plate of edible fungus culturing groove 5 simultaneously Fan, the other end open up air-vent, the air in edible fungus culturing groove 5 is swapped with outside air, plant edible mushroom Train air in groove 5 to remain fresh and be rich in oxygen, good condition is provided for the growth of edible mushroom.And what edible fungi was produced Discarded object can as fish feed, reduce fish feeding cost.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, the top cover plate of the water planting groove 3 is provided with different types of hole, and inhomogeneity The spacing of type hole is different, and field planting basket is equipped with the inhomogeneity type hole;Wherein, in the water planting groove 3 liquid the type of flow For:Shallow liquid stream.
Wherein, be the characteristics of shallow liquid stream (Nutrient Film Technique, NFT) circulating feeding liquid liquid stream in membranaceous, Cultivation trench bottom only is flowed through with several millimeters of thick shallow liquid streams, the rebasing portion of root of water planting crops contacts shallow liquid stream water suction and inhales fertilizer, top The oxygen uptake in moisture, preferably solves the contradiction of root water uptake and oxygen uptake.
Specifically, water planting groove 3 is used for planting vegetable, and its depth is in 10cm or so, according to vegetable on the top cover plate of water planting groove 3 The difference of colza class sets different types of hole, and the spacing of inhomogeneity type hole is different, for example, the position of plantation tomato, opens straight Footpath is 5cm circular hole, and the spacing in hole is 30cm;The position of bean sprout is planted, a diameter of 3cm circular hole is opened, and the spacing in hole is 10cm etc..Then place field planting basket in hole, vegetable plant strain by sponge fix after fill in field planting basket and further fix.Flow into water The water of the training water inlet of groove 3 flow to the delivery port of water planting groove 3 in the way of shallow liquid stream, so in plant according to can be good at absorption While moisture and nutrient solution, root system of plant can also be allowed to absorb oxygen well.
The embodiment of the present invention is illustrated below, but the protection domain being not intended to limit the invention.For example, this The total floor space of fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system that inventive embodiments are provided is 3m2(i.e. long 3 meters, wide 1 meter), total water body 0.8m3It is left Breeding water body 0.25m in the right side, crawl 13Left and right, the floor space of water planting groove 3 is 2m2, the floor space of edible fungus culturing groove 5 For 2m2.When the waterline in crawl 1 is higher than its retained waterline, then the indentation stream that water passes through sleeve bottom Enter the top of the first water pipe, then flow into the physical filtering groove 7 of water treatment trough, biofiltration groove 8 through the first water pipe again and catchment Groove 9, then the water inlet of water planting groove 3 and the water inlet of edible fungus culturing groove 5 are pumped to by water pump 10, afterwards from water planting groove 3 Delivery port is back to crawl 1.The controllable flow that water treatment trough is flowed into through the first water pipe of the second valve on first water pipe, it is real Now with the cooperation of pump capacity.
The size of crawl 1 is:1m × 0.5m × 0.5m rectangle, using glass material.Open 40mm in the bottom of crawl 1 Hole, be tightly connected using water connector up and down, high 45cm the first water pipe be installed in crawl 1, its caliber is 40mm, first A diameter of 63mm PVC sleeve pipes are arranged outside water pipe, sleeve bottom, which opens 5cm deep-sawings dentation mouthful, is used for draining, and sleeve pipe height is with breeding fish Pond 1 is highly consistent, crawl 1 upper lid, one layer of fishing net, prevents fish dive from going out crawl 1.
The size of water planting groove 3 is:2m × 1m × 0.1m rectangle, using PVC materials, its top cover plate is provided with a diameter of 5cm, the hole at intervals of 10cm, and provided with the field planting basket that is used to fix plant of the internal diameter for 5cm in hole.
The size of edible fungus culturing groove 5 is:2m × 1m × 0.3m, using PVC materials, one end of its top cover plate installs 10 Watt exhaust fan, the other end open air-vent, the lie side by side edible mushroom bacterium bag in edible fungus culturing groove 5.On the main road of second water pipe First valve, such as ball valve are installed, the second water pipe is provided with multiple branch roads, and each branch road water outlet is provided with shower nozzle, it is necessary to spray When open ball valve, close ball valve and then terminate sprinkling, in order to ensure that the growing environment of edible mushroom is moist, can spray on demand, for example, often Its sprinkling is once.
The size of water treatment trough is:1m × 0.6m × 0.4m rectangle, using PVC materials, and top cover plate, in length Water treatment trough is separated into 3 grooves on degree direction to be followed successively by:Length is 0.3m physical filtering groove 7, and length is 0.5m biology Lautertuns 8, and the water leg 9 that length is 0.2m.Fitros, filter pulp and 50 mesh are wherein put into physical filtering groove 7 from bottom to up Filter screen, filter material put order be coarse filtration in upper, fine filtering under.3000 a diameter of 40mm's of placement is black in biofiltration groove 8 Colour biological ball.Water leg 9 installs 10 1,45W immersible pumps, and the flow of immersible pump 10 is 750L/ hours or so, it is ensured that breeded fish Water body in pond 1 circulation primary per hour.
Crawl 1, water planting groove 3 and edible fungus culturing groove 3 can utilize sectional aluminium according to each groove size and layout height Section bar is built, convenient dismounting and movement.When the cogeneration system brings into operation, first toward adding water in crawl 1 and water treatment trough, and Start water pump 10, continue to add water to suitable amount of water.A small amount of fish is delivered into crawl 1 to be used to cultivate nitrobacteria, if necessary may be used Directly toward addition nitrobacteria strain on the biological ball of biological treating tank 8, cultivate one week or so.Delivered into crawl 1 more Fish, and in the field planting basket of water planting groove 3 be colonized dish seedling, put bacterium bag on edible fungus culturing groove 5.Due to vegetables and edible mushroom Class growth needs more nutrition composition, then needs to add the plant nutrient agent of 0.6-0.8 times of normal dose to supply battalion toward water body Support.The working order of cogeneration system is checked daily, is fed feed to fish on time, the water because of evaporation loss is supplemented if necessary, directly Reached to fish when fishing for standard, fish in batches and fill into fry in time.Vegetables and edible fungi can be plucked in batches in time, harvesting Supplement dish seedling and bacterium bag in time afterwards.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, the cogeneration system also includes environment conditioning equipment;The environment conditioning equipment Including heater and refrigeration air-conditioner.
Specifically, can be by the cogeneration system when the cogeneration system is placed on the more severe place of external environment Middle to set environment conditioning equipment to improve the environmental aspect around it, the environment conditioning equipment includes heater and refrigeration air-conditioner, Wherein, heater can be separately positioned on the region near the bottom of crawl 1 and cogeneration system, when ambient air temperature is relatively low or compared with , can be by adjusting heater and refrigeration air-conditioner by environment temperature control when height is not suitable for fish, vegetables and edible fungi growth System is in convenient scope.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, the environment conditioning equipment also includes being arranged on many of the top of water planting groove 3 The LED lamp tube and tube stand of color combination are planted, and is arranged on the ultraviolet sterilizer of the delivery port of water planting groove 3.
Specifically, when the cogeneration system is disposed in the interior or sunlight is not overabundant local, in order to supplement vegetables life Long required light, environment conditioning equipment also includes the LED lamp tube for the multiple color combination for being arranged on the top of water planting groove 3 and is used for The tube stand of fixed LED lamp tube, for example, the LED lamp tube of red blue combination can be set, can so carry out photosynthetic make for plant With the light needed for supplement.Because the water of water planting groove 3 is back in crawl 1 by its delivery port, in order to reduce fish in crawl 1 The disease occurrence probability of class, can set ultraviolet sterilizer in the water outlet of water planting groove 3, so be back to the water in crawl 1 The possibility of Carried bacteria is reduced by ultraviolet disinfection.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, above and below the water planting groove 3, the edible fungus culturing groove 5 and the water treatment trough Arrangement, the crawl 1 is arranged relative to the water planting groove 3, the edible fungus culturing groove 5 and described water treatment trough or so.
Specifically, in order to improve space availability ratio, the cogeneration system is enable to be used in less space, by water planting groove 3rd, arranged above and below edible fungus culturing groove 5 and water treatment trough, you can to support water planting groove 3 and edible fungus culturing groove 5 with support, and water Treatment trough can be then placed on corresponding ground.Crawl 1 is left relative to water planting groove 3, edible fungus culturing groove 5 and water treatment trough Right arrangement, can so allow what the water in crawl 1 can be smoothly to be discharged into water treatment trough, and the water of the delivery port of water planting groove 3 Also crawl 1 can be naturally discharged into;And the structure of this left and right arrangement, can also allow people while fancy fishes The greenery of plant can be appreciated.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, the environment conditioning equipment also includes timer, and the timer is used to control The water pump, first valve, second valve, the LED, the heater and the refrigeration air-conditioner.
Specifically, environment conditioning equipment, can also be in the cogeneration system when adjusting external environment according to the cogeneration system Middle setting timer, can according to the situation of change of external environment, self-timing realize water pump, the first valve, the second valve, The switch of LED, heater and refrigeration air-conditioner, so as to improve the intelligent performance of the cogeneration system.
The fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system that the various embodiments described above are provided, the discarded object that fish are produced, by nitrobacteria Decomposition, conversion Deng microorganism, are transformed into the nutrient solution needed for vegetables and edible fungi;The oxygen of Vegetable Output can be by simultaneously Fish and edible fungi are utilized, the carbon dioxide of fish and edible fungi output, can provide fertilizer for vegetables again, efficiently It make use of the resources such as water, gas, nutriment and the energy.Also by by crawl, water planting groove and the rational cloth of edible fungus culturing groove Office, effectively raises space availability ratio so that the cogeneration system construction cost is low, floor space is small, integration degree is high, can Easily built with the place such as garden indoors.And enjoy the underwater sound and while greenery in people, can also harvest it is a considerable number of, Aquatic products, vegetables and the edible fungi of quality assurance, meet the many-sides such as food-safe people, inhabitation beautification and daily leisure Demand.And by adding environment conditioning equipment in the cogeneration system, expand the scope of application of the cogeneration system, make it Operation is assembled in the environment of can closing indoors.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although The present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those within the art that:It still may be used To be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or equivalent substitution is carried out to which part technical characteristic; And these modification or replace, do not make appropriate technical solution essence depart from various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme spirit and Scope.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system, it is characterised in that including:Crawl, water planting groove, edible fungus culturing groove and Shui Chu Manage groove;
The crawl bottom is provided with perforate, and the first water pipe connects the crawl and the water treatment trough through the perforate It is logical, and the mouth of pipe that first water pipe is communicated with the crawl is highly preset height;
The water planting groove is used for planting vegetable, and top of the bottom higher than the crawl of the water planting groove, the water planting groove Delivery port communicated with the crawl;
The water treatment trough is located at the lower section of the water planting groove, and bottom of the top less than the crawl of the water treatment trough Portion, the water inlet and the water inlet phase of the water planting groove of the delivery port of the water treatment trough respectively with the edible fungus culturing groove It is logical;
The edible fungus culturing groove is located at the region between the water planting groove and the water treatment trough.
2. cogeneration system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the water treatment trough is by laterally separated for physical filtering Groove, biofiltration groove and water leg;
Fitros, filter pulp and filter screen, and the top of the physical filtering groove have been sequentially arranged in the physical filtering groove from bottom to up Provided with the water inlet connected with first water pipe, the lower partition between the physical filtering groove and the biofiltration groove is set There is perforate or stay seam;
Biochemistry ball is filled with the biofiltration groove, the divider height between the biofiltration groove and the water leg is less than Divider height between the physical filtering groove and the biofiltration groove;
It is provided with water pump in the water leg, the delivery port of the water pump is entered by the second water pipe and the edible fungus culturing groove The mouth of a river is communicated, and is communicated by the 3rd water pipe with the water inlet of the water planting groove.
3. cogeneration system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that second water pipe is provided with multiple branch roads, described many The individual respective water outlet of branch road is equipped with shower nozzle, and the main road of second water pipe is provided with the first valve.
4. cogeneration system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that have in the crawl and be set in first water Sleeve pipe outside pipe, described sleeve pipe bottom is provided with indentation, and the height of described sleeve pipe and the crawl is highly consistent; And the second valve is provided with first water pipe between the crawl and the water treatment trough.
5. cogeneration system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the edible fungus culturing groove uses light-proof material, And one end of the edible fungus culturing groove top cover plate is provided with air-vent provided with exhaust fan, the other end.
6. cogeneration system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cover plate on the water planting groove top is provided with inhomogeneity The hole of type, and the spacing of inhomogeneity type hole is different, and field planting basket is equipped with the inhomogeneity type hole;
Wherein, the type of flow of liquid is in the water planting groove:Shallow liquid stream.
7. cogeneration system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also including environment conditioning equipment, the environment conditioning Device includes heater and refrigeration air-conditioner.
8. cogeneration system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the environment conditioning equipment is also described including being arranged on The LED lamp tube and tube stand of the multiple color combination on water planting groove top, and it is arranged on the ultraviolet of the water planting groove delivery port Sterilizer.
9. cogeneration system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the water planting groove, the edible fungus culturing groove and institute State and arranged above and below water treatment trough, the crawl is relative to the water planting groove, the edible fungus culturing groove and the water treatment trough Left and right is arranged.
10. cogeneration system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the environment conditioning equipment also includes timer, institute Stating timer is used to control the water pump, first valve, second valve, the LED, the heater and described Refrigeration air-conditioner.
CN201710157993.7A 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of fish dish edible mushroom cogeneration system Pending CN106973695A (en)

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CN108812496A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-16 华南农业大学 A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system is applied with it
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