CN106968495A - Two row N are exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar - Google Patents

Two row N are exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106968495A
CN106968495A CN201710272021.2A CN201710272021A CN106968495A CN 106968495 A CN106968495 A CN 106968495A CN 201710272021 A CN201710272021 A CN 201710272021A CN 106968495 A CN106968495 A CN 106968495A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
row
exclusive
garage
track
tenon
Prior art date
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Application number
CN201710272021.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
帅石文
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Mianyang Peng Chi Technology Co Ltd
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Mianyang Peng Chi Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Mianyang Peng Chi Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Mianyang Peng Chi Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710272021.2A priority Critical patent/CN106968495A/en
Publication of CN106968495A publication Critical patent/CN106968495A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/30Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in horizontal direction only
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/30Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in horizontal direction only
    • E04H6/36Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in horizontal direction only characterised by use of freely-movable dollies
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/42Devices or arrangements peculiar to garages, not covered elsewhere, e.g. securing devices, safety devices, monitoring and operating schemes; centering devices
    • E04H6/422Automatically operated car-parks

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of two exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type planar movable three-dimensional garages of row N of the parking stall automatic access vehicle that is multiplied in dependable performance, new energy, lower-cost, unit area with the number of plies.The present invention be Large Copacity two arrange N it is exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage and combine with existing planar movable three-dimensional garage realize that short transverse Multilayer parking, the parking of longitudinal direction depth realize the parking of three directions at one piece, while four intelligent carriers can access in storehouse any car simultaneously while 2 person-times or four person-times of Transport Vehicle.

Description

Two row N are exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of mechanical parking equipment, more particularly to a kind of plane formula mechanical parking equipment.
Background technology
Traditional self-propelled Parking Lot parking stall arrangement is 2+1 schemes, i.e., every two row fixes to be had in the middle of parking stall Set middle lane steam supply car is current to use, it is impossible to as parking stall use and as parking stall shared area, ground oneself Walk formula parking stall and add self norms parking stall area comprising center-aisle, interface channel and the square meter of gateway shared area 11.25 13.75 square meters are total up to 25 square meters, and a underground garage parking stall shared area includes center-aisle, interface channel, column, area Generally 29.5 square meters or so, then it is about 40 square meters to add the exit ramp gross area, and automobile itself projected area is typically not enough 10 square meters, so land utilization ratio floor parking lot only has 40%, underground garage only has 25%.Introduce and use in Parking After parking apparatus, for example German RAY automated parking systems will can be passed using single individual machine people carrying fork truck automobile The parking stall arrangement 2+1 in the self-propelled garage of system is improved to the parking stall arrangement that the movable parking stall of at most every six row shares a track Scheme 6+1 schemes, but due to that must retain connection interconnection of at least one width more than passage, land utilization ratio is actually big About 50% or so, 10-15% or so is improved, but it is ultimate attainment not accomplish that parking area area is used, simply realizes Unmanned automatic parking, reduces the haze source that parking lot vehicle exhaust emissions is caused.This increase parking stall scheme is than self-propelled car Position arrangement is improved to some extent in parking quantity, but there is following deficiency, and each robot is with high costs, access The car time take it is oversize, have enough to meet the need it is inefficient, security is slightly poor.Certain the car very expense in the middle of six row parking stalls will be taken by illustrating When, a certain robot, which needs the two automobiles of two rows of outside are bought and sold into certain on passage in advance successively, to keep in, should Passage node is just by by temporary automobile blocking, and robot needs to carry twice, then again carries the required car taken away Original place is returned to after to gateway, then is carried twice, two cars on passage node original position is swung to successively, in addition machine People needs the scanning of alignment wheel, is also very time-consuming into correct position clamping car, walking carrying, often accesses a car and takes It is very long, so this set system needs and flight data networking, the information of vehicles of each pick-up passenger is known in advance, in advance by car Gateway is sent to, the premise used is to carry car to need half an hour notice garage in advance, if without prior notice, let down, Only about half an hour is waited just to take car away.This automated parking system garage is used on Dusseldorf ,Germany airport, if In respect of more than 270 each and every one parking stalls, 10 gateways are designed with, that is to say, that if carrying out 11 people's pick-up simultaneously, the 11st people is just Being prior notice, RAY systems are picked up the car, and must also wait after half an hour to pick up the car, and also one hiding serious problems are due to machine Device people is out of control, and transfer robot can break other vehicles, therefore cause security wretched insufficiency.
The magic square robot parking/withdrawing system in the U.S. is similar, and simply Transport Vehicle robot is smaller than the fork truck of Germany, this In just do not repeating.
But above-mentioned two companies planar robot demonstrates a planar mechanical equipment from some angle and can not increased The technology prejudice of extra bus position be not to, if can realizing that parking stall is arranged in no track if a kind of equipment, increase parking stall will It is individual revolutionary.In traditional Parking Lot stopping technical, an i.e. 2+1 in track is must be provided with the middle of every two rows parking stall Scheme, Parking Lot is the place of closure again, so also need to interface channel forms a circulation by automobile in parking lot With facilitate driver find parking stall, the present each parking stall floor space of Surface parking lots be generally 25 square meters/, particularly get off Storehouse also needs to the area that car ramp and post net from subsurface to underground are accounted for, and underground garage 38-42 square meters/, great Jia Dou Know that the floor projection area of each automobile is usually no more than 10 square meters.It can be seen that car park land utilization ratio ground is no more than 40%, underground be no more than 25%, traditional parking mode land wastage is very high, also China according to traditional parking mode underground garage Nearly 10,000,000 of parking stall annual output, that is, build nearly 400 sq-km underground garage, underground garage construction investment total value More than 2,000,000,000,000 RMB, if underground multistoried garage, investment can also increase by more than 20%, and land utilization ratio is very low and throws Money wastes huge.If can realize that the square meter of underground garage 20 parks a car, then investment saving be up to 1,000,000,000,000 with On, obvious economic.It is all 5KM/h idling rows that also one major reason, which is that traditional underground garage automobile travels in garage, Sail, exhaust emissions is extremely serious, belong to the important producer of haze, if all underground garage all uses in the whole nation can realize list Machinery garage of the individual parking stall area within 20 square meters, realizes that underground garage is unmanned, automobile no longer emission and PM2.5 mists Haze, can be effectively improved China's air quality, and people also without to tail gas and haze it is serious on healthy influence Gone in great underground garage, another reason underground garage due to belonging to the occurred frequently of public security and criminal case monitoring dead angle more Point, therefore underground garage has good reason using machinery garage.But use existing mechanical stereo garage parking at present After the particularly semi-automatic parking apparatus of equipment parking mode, parking stall arrangement still uses 2+1 scheme arrangements, is got off on ground Storehouse can not only increase parking stall or even also reduce parking stall.So the apparent defect of mechanical stereo garage is exactly because flat Face lay-by come the not high inherent shortcoming of utilization rate cause mechanical stereo garage to cause space parking density also not high, this be from The defect brought in mother's womb, thus existing any parking apparatus space parking density be impossible to it is very high.Get off locality Storehouse is now due to vehicle fleet size is increased considerably, and how to increase considerably parking density in limited place and in space turns into One parking Technological research developing direction.
In addition, the present invention also correct for a prejudice of present parking apparatus technology, it is believed that the increase of plane parking apparatus Parking stall situation is rare, it is necessary to which multilayer could increase more parking stall.Because according to traditional parking stall arrangement 2+1 schemes It is strictly that how many parking stall can not be increased using the horizontal mobile parking equipment of existing for example individual layer, its reason is can only The interface channel in garage is saved, parking stall can only increase within 10%, certainly inadvisable, this is also the source of this technology prejudice.By In employing traditional parking stall arrangement, this is the defect of heredity, so existing any mechanical stereo garage is all It there is such defect, it is impossible to space efficient.
The content of the invention
In view of this, it is an object of the invention to:Offer is a kind of to use site area ultimate attainment utilization rate most The spherical unmanned garage of wheel type combined planar is driven in the high row N rows of one kind two, with parking density is high, single storage capacity is big, access The car time is short, safe, garage turnover rate is high and cost reduces about 50%, overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art.It is simultaneously of the invention Also design a kind of " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge " vehicle switching technology, existing vehicle switching technology core patent Rest in Italian industrial inventor and European Union Ceng Qiao Wanni Valleys(Giovanni Valli)The SILOMAT of invention Intelligent Dynamic adjusts comb-tooth-type switching technology, and abbreviation SILOMAT broach systems are noteworthy, in JB/T10474-2004 《Staker type parking device》In, broach system is individually listd from the device of various carrier vehicles and referred to, foot To prove its role in actual applications.There is provided due to driving the wheeled garage of spherical vehicle in two unique row N rows of the invention Parking stall not only can in transition truck on one side or up to minimum two row in both sides, the movable parking stall of maximum of up to 80 rows, and Vehicle switching equipment structure technology is significantly simplified by " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge ".The invention provides one kind Parking is realized without passage parking, is multiplied in unit area with the spherical unmanned garage of wheel type combined planar is driven in two row N rows Parking density is parking rate, and single storage capacity is big, while designing a kind of " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge ", technology is significantly Degree simplifies vehicle switching equipment structure technology, grasps vehicle exchcange core technology, breaks external patented technology barrier for many years, overcomes The deficiencies in the prior art.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the row of one kind two N of the invention is exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar Constitute it is as follows, the garage include two row N it is exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garages, transition truck, intelligence carrier, two sections Formula guide rail, the exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel types of several two row N are sequentially arranged on transition truck walking track one side or both sides Garage, intelligent carrier support carry car pool and follow transition truck along transition truck track can walk successively to Each two row N is exclusive to be driven sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage a certain row therein and keeps intelligent carrier center line and two to arrange N rows The outer platform dolly center line for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage is overlapped, by " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge " in horizontal stroke Walking back and forth between carrier and platform dolly is moved, automobile is transported on platform dolly from transition truck and realizes vehicle Exchange, transition truck realizes that depth, the two exclusive platform dolly moveable carts for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage of row N are carried in longitudinal direction Position realizes the parking of lateral depth both direction and each intelligent carrier can quickly access the exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape cars of two row N All vehicles in the wheeled unmanned garage of combined planar and any one car specified.
" seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge " includes the mobile of transition truck, the cloudy tenon end movable part of track, two Closed with the positive tenon end of track on platform dolly, the positive tenon end of two-period form guide rail, each other position relationship for height at segmentation guide rail the moon tenon end System, be above sun, under be cloudy, when transition truck walking in orbit to specified location is arranged above two-period form guide rail center When the center line of the two-period form guide rail of line extended line and platform dolly is overlapped, the cloudy tenon end of two-period form guide rail of transition truck with Positive tenon end of the positive tenon end track of the two-period form guide rail of platform dolly or so is flushed, and plane is small less than platform on two-period form guide rail the moon tenon end The positive tenon end lower plane of the positive tenon end track of the two-period form guide rail of car, two-period form guide rail the moon tenon end lower plane is higher than platform dolly(56)'s The positive tenon end of track, the positive tenon end " putting " of the track of platform dolly is then traversing on the rolling element of transition truck one end The cloudy tenon end movable part of the track of carrier can be driven to move horizontally by linear electric motors stretches out left with the positive tenon end of platform trolley track Flush right, is just flushed, and " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge " is built into jointly, seamless " connection " is realized, and traversing Carrier will not hinder with platform dolly in same level dislocation walking, between transition truck and platform dolly A supporting mechanism being arranged in ground pedestal is provided with immediately below " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge " to remove with traversing Fortune car and platform dolly body bottom have smaller spacing, realize intelligent carrier between transition truck and platform dolly Steadily freely walked back and forth on guide rail and track " seamless guiding walking track mortise and tenon bridge ".
Vehicle is when two carrying platforms are exchanged, and difficult point is the intelligent carrier for holding in the palm the weight carried very big vehicle Because by there is the seamed track of breakpoint, very big problem occurs in its balance, easily there is great automobile and fall damage accident, example Such as train is very big in the weight freely falling body gravity and speed of service impulsive force produced by rail connection, reason here Also it is guide rail and the setting of track mortise and tenon in this way, using " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge ", is taken to intelligent carrier The seamless connecting bridge of one " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge ", eliminates the presence of track connection gap, by upper The simple ingenious structure design of lower mortise and tenon realizes intelligent carrier steady nothing back and forth between transition truck and platform dolly Impact walking, simultaneously because supporting mechanism carries automobile by " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge " in intelligent carrier support Because transition truck and platform dolly extremities of body weight imbalance surprisingly turn over to stick up both vehicle bodies are supported immediately and prevent this The unexpected possibility occurred, preferably resolves the seamed problem of track and must take broach carrier with high costs extremely Larger stroke lifting and each parking stall above and below broach is needed to be required for installing the deficiency of troublesome broach stand in short space, Instead of with lower-cost intelligent carrier the expensive comb-tooth-type carrier of existing core patented technology abroad so as to Considerably reduce equipment manufacturing cost and, vehicle exchange mechanism is simplified to improve the reliability of vehicle exchange mechanism.
Rolling element is installed in the two-period form guide rail two ends inner side slot above transition truck and height is less than platform dolly The positive tenon end of the track of two-period form guide rail.
Set by guide rail and track mortise and tenon, taken a seamless connecting bridge to intelligent carrier, up and down mortise and tenon Simple ingenious structure design realizes intelligent carrier and walked back and forth between transition truck and platform dolly, eliminates cost High broach carrier needs the larger stroke lifting of above and below broach and each parking stall to be required for making in extremely short space Valency is high, install the deficiency of troublesome broach stand, and existing core patented technology is instead of with lower-cost intelligent carrier Expensive comb-tooth-type carrier abroad is so as to considerably reduce equipment manufacturing cost and improve reliability.
In two-period form guide rail two ends inner side slot above transition truck attachment rail the moon tenon end and height less than platform it is small The positive tenon end of the track of car, it is possible to achieve the positive tenon end of the track of platform dolly is in transition truck parking table top and by transition truck Rolling element supporting track carrying intelligent carrier and car weight.
Arranged several the two of parallel arrangement in the middle of the exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garages of N or traversing remove is arranged on its both sides Car and the exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage center lines of the vertical all two row N of track of transition truck walking are transported, two row N are taken Exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage(51)Identical or different row is exactly that exclusive drive of regular or irregular two row N covers The unmanned garage of cylinder wheel shape wheel type combined planar.
Be fitted with the parking table top of the two exclusive each platform dollies for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garages of row N one end or Two ends are installation one or both ends are cloudy tenon end on the two-period form guide rail at positive tenon end and the parking table top of transition truck two sections Formula guide rail, the vertical transition truck track of two-period form guide rail.
Be fitted with the parking table top of the two exclusive each platform dollies for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garages of row N one end or Person two ends be provided with the walking track of the intelligent carrier at the positive tenon end of track, the parking table top of transition truck one end or Two ends are the walking track of the intelligent carrier of the cloudy tenon end movable part of track.
Track one end or two ends of transition truck walking are elongated to outside parking area.
Two row N are exclusive, and (1) the sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage that drives one is arranged 1. to 80. by a row to (80) platform dolly, in addition Platform dolly and exchange room a, b composition, general household, office use occasion take within N=1-20, Special use occasion take N= 20-80。
Wherein, in addition to Control management system, the Control management system includes central controller, transition truck and controlled System, intelligence carry vehicle control, the two exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage control systems of row N, the central controller Vehicle control, the two exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garages of row N are carried with the transition truck control system, intelligence respectively Control system connects to control the transition truck, intelligent carrier and the two exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type cars of row N respectively The operation in storehouse.
The vertical exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar garage center lines of two row N of track below transition truck.
Present device operational process is as follows, transition truck and on intelligent carrier picked up in gateway after, intelligence Can carrier pallet rise and prop up automobile chassis, automobile four-wheel is departed from transition truck parking table top, transition truck is by intelligence Energy carrier is transported in front of some two exclusive platform dolly for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garages row of row N together with automobile Specified location, keeps the center line of guide rail extended line on transition truck to be overlapped with platform vehicle guide center line, traversing to carry The cloudy tenon end of the two-period form guide rail of car and the cloudy tenon end of track and platform dolly the positive tenon end of two-period form guide rail and the positive tenon end of track it is left The intelligent carrier walking path of flush right formation " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge " composition, the carrying vapour of intelligent carrier Under then car stops along two-period form guide rail after the up specified location for going to platform dolly two-period form guide rail of transition truck Pallet is dropped, allows automobile four-wheel to fall on the parking table top of the two exclusive platform dollies for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage of row N, so Intelligent carrier returns to traversing along two-period form guide rail afterwards(Vertical shift)In carrier parking table top guide rail, follow traversing(Vertical shift) It is outer or go to connect in another position and need to take away automobile to outside parking area that carrier returns to parking area, treats intelligent carrying Car is left after platform dolly, and the two exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garages of row N immediately begin to operating can be by the vehicle received The horizontal depths innermost end of parking area is moved to, idle platform dolly or as you were is vacateed from inside, Transport Vehicle is completed and realizes Longitudinal depth and lateral depth both direction parking, can only realize longitudinal depth parking and nothing than existing parking mode Method realizes that lateral depth is stopped, and the parking density of unit area is greatly improved.
It is of the invention preferred, for long and narrow slightly wide underground garage, sleeve wheel shape wheel types are driven using two to several two row N are exclusive Garage is positioned opposite, and both ends or one end arrangement is traversing(Vertical shift)Carrier.
It is of the invention preferred, for square or rectangular underground garage, arrange exclusive drive of N using multiple row even ten ordered series of numbers two and cover Cylinder wheel shape wheel type garage is positioned opposite, and both ends or one end arrangement is traversing(Vertical shift)Carrier.
It is of the invention preferred, for irregular underground garage, determine in the middle of one after transition truck channel position, increase and decrease The two exclusive rows for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage of row N, realize the various not similar shapes such as heart-shaped configuration, trapezoidal shape, T-shape The garage of shape.
Of the invention preferably each underground floor of the underground garage that cost is high, area occupied is big is especially suitable for use, realizes Underground garage parking stall number is multiplied, garage totle drilling cost reduction about 50%.
Of the invention preferred, automobile berth, container terminal are hung close to roll-on-roll-off ship and the handling of container ship crane, other end Car loads and unloads to lorry, can save a large amount of drivers and significantly improve increase automobile and container in handling ship's speed degree and unit area 60% quantity is stored, the entitled container warehouse in the garage for container.
It is of the invention that preferably the access time, transition truck was high-speed cruising far below the RAY automated parking systems of Germany, Time-consuming few, two row N are exclusive, and the sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage speeds of service of driving are a little slower, but it is total it is time-consuming only 50 seconds to 300 seconds it Between, averagely about 140 seconds.
Of the invention preferably two transition truck passages arrange four carriers, and each carrier can access garage and appoint What vehicle, while Transport Vehicle person-time or train number are four people.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing 1, which is that two row N are exclusive, drives the unmanned garage diagrammatic perspective view of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar;
Accompanying drawing 2, which is that two row N are exclusive, drives the unmanned garage both sides arrangement transition truck top view of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar;
Accompanying drawing 3 is Fig. 2 front view;
Accompanying drawing 4 is transition truck top view;
Accompanying drawing 5 is the front view of accompanying drawing 4;
Accompanying drawing 6 is the side view of accompanying drawing 4;
Accompanying drawing 7 is platform dolly top view;
Accompanying drawing 8 is the side view of accompanying drawing 7;
Accompanying drawing 9 is the front view of accompanying drawing 7;
Accompanying drawing 10 is that the exclusive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage that drives of two row 11 runs block diagram;
Accompanying drawing 11 is irregular place parking stall arrangement;
Accompanying drawing 12 is self-propelled underground garage parking stall arrangement 2+1 schemes;
Accompanying drawing 13, which is that two row N are exclusive, drives the unmanned garage stall arrangement of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar(By 15 two The exclusive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garages that drive of N are arranged to constitute);
Reference:
The intelligent carrier track of 1- rolling elements, 2-, the positive tenon end of 3- tracks, the positive tenon end of 4- two-period forms guide rail, the cloudy tenon end of 5- tracks are lived The cloudy tenon end of moving part, 6- two-period forms guide rail, the personal security outlet of 7- underground garages construction standards requirement, the exclusive drive sets of the row of 51- bis- N Cylinder wheel shape wheel type garage, 52- transition trucks, 53- intelligence carrier, 54- two-period forms guide rail, 55- transition trucks track, 56- platforms dolly, 57- supporting mechanisms.
Embodiment
The embodiment to the present invention is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.Fig. 1 is the two of present embodiment Arrange the exclusive drive unmanned garage diagrammatic perspective views of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar of N.As shown in figure 1, this is that have two traversing carryings Arrangement two arranges the exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage unmanned garages of combined planar of N between 52 2 passages of car, is adapted to place rule Whole situation.
Be illustrated in figure 2 two passages of transition truck 52 two row N it is exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planars without Passage, can also can be arranged on one side or centre or substantially centre position, passing through increases or reduce two by people garage The exclusive rows for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage 51 of row N can meet place for heart-shaped, trapezoidal, T-shaped, rhombus, parallel four side A variety of irregular places such as shape, also are adapted for the intelligence on the place regular irregular situation in one side on one side, two transition trucks 52 Carrier 53 can access any automobile in the garage, and accompanying drawing 11 is exactly this place parking stall arrangement.
Such as the front view that Fig. 3 is Fig. 2, two passages of transition truck 52 are located at the two exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel types of row N The unmanned garage two ends of combined planar, four transition trucks 52 can access middle any car.There are two or three horizontal strokes The two exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage unmanned garages of combined planar of row N of the shifting passage intermediate arrangement of carrier 52 are adapted to regular Place.
As shown in figure 4, this is a top view of transition truck 52, beside the cloudy tenon end of two ends track of transition truck 52 Rolling element 1 is provided with, rolling element 1 is used for the positive tenon end of support platform trolley track.
If Fig. 5 is Fig. 4 front view, rolling element 1, track Yin Sunduan mobiles 5 and the cloudy tenon end 6 of two-period form guide rail are expressed Position relationship.
As shown in fig. 6, being Fig. 4 side view, mobile 1, track 2, track Yin Sunduan mobiles 5, two-period form are expressed High and low position relation between guide rail the moon tenon end 6.
As shown in fig. 7, this is the top view of platform dolly 56, from the positive tenon end 3 of the visible track of figure, the positive tenon end 4 of two-period form guide rail And the right position relation of track 2.
As Fig. 8 be Fig. 7 side view, express track 2, the positive tenon end 3 of track and the positive right position of tenon end 4 of two-period form guide rail Relation
As Fig. 9 be Fig. 7 front view, express track positive tenon end 3, the positive high and low position relation of tenon end 4 of two-period form guide rail.
As shown in Figure 10, this is that operation block diagram in sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage is driven outside the parking stall of two row, 11 row 20.
As shown in figure 11, this be adapted to the irregular two row N in place it is exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar nobody Garage.
As shown in figure 12, this is traditional self-propelled underground garage parking stall arrangement between column post net, it is seen that every two row It must be provided with a middle lane i.e. 2+1 schemes in the middle of parking stall, a total of middle lane in the storehouse three, three, track of connection, always Totally six beam overalls reach that 36 meters belong to shared area, according to the requirement of underground garage construction standards wherein also as there is personnel to pass in and out car Storehouse, it is necessary to which four personnel extra exits are set in storehouse, it is ensured that personnel are in any position arrival extra exit in storehouse and are no more than 45 meters of requirements, automobile import and export cannot function as personal security outlet, the square meter of the storehouse gross area 5208, total space 174, Mei Geche Plane accumulates 30 square meters.Truck spaces are 5000mm × 2500mm, the square meter of net area 12.5
As shown in figure 12, this is the one two exclusive drive unmanned garage stall arrangement of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar of row N, Drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage outside 15 two row, 12 rows, 24 parking stalls to constitute, the square meter of the gross area 6215, total car Digit 360, each square meter of parking stall area 17.3, the truck spaces are 5300mm × 2450mm, and parking stall net area is 13 square meters, The truck spaces of design are more than the self-propelled square meter of parking stall 0.5/each, parking stall area reduce 12.7 square meters/, parking stall is also big in addition 0.5 square meter save altogether 13.2 square meters/, also not including ramp.This is that rigid index parking stall number is multiplied, construction area Reduce at double, drastically reduce the area highly energy-consuming hypogee energy consumption, belong to green building category, while the two row exclusive drive sleeves of N The all low energy consumption in the unmanned garage of wheel shape wheel type combined planar, which are moved horizontally, does not do work, and the electric power consumed is smaller than self-propelled 24 Shi Zhaoming is also few.Due to belonging to unmanned garage, automobile is zero without idle exhaust emissions, eliminates self-propelled garage tail gas strong System want air draft three times to air discharge mist per hour.Personnel no longer pass in and out garage, causing more at self-propelled the garage monitoring dead angle compared with Many public security, criminal case are greatly reduced, and have ensured personal safety.
Two row N are exclusive, and the sleeve unmanned garages of wheel shape wheel type combined planar that drive are reduced except construction area, are built at double This reduces at double, the huge advantage such as unmanned garage, haze are eliminated, public security dead angle is eliminated, also one extraordinary bright spot be by Realized in " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge " bridging function above the simple access platform dolly 56 of intelligent carrier 53 Vehicle, intelligent carrier 53 easily can walk back and forth between transition truck 52 and platform dolly 56, instead of existing Core patent or the external intelligent carrier of broach with high costs, considerably reduce existing intelligent garage cost water It is flat.
Not only economic and technical norms are significantly leading existing in the two unmanned garages of the exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planars of row N There is self-propelled traditional underground garage, while significantly surmount existing any mechanical stereo garage index, it is even more important It is that extremely convenient is installed, meets existing underground garage economic column spacing requirement, 3 parking stall axle nets, 2 parking stall axle nets are suitable for, simply handle Two row N are exclusive, and the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar that drives tiles on each floor of existing underground garage, uses Ramp or lift realize vehicle change layer, save that area is more also more passes through for underground multistoried garage using lift Ji.
The garage operational process is, above the transition truck 52 that automobile is reached to four passage two ends of transition truck 52 Intelligent carrier 53 specified location, there is voice or alarm correctly to park vehicle location, then driver leaves automobile, Equipment detects scene after nobody, and intelligent carrier 53, which rises pallet and props up automobile chassis, makes its four wheels depart from traversing remove Car parking table top is transported, transition truck starts high-speed cruising, and two row N are exclusive to be driven in face of sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage 51 to specifying Stop, two sections on the center line extended line of two-period form guide rail 54 and platform dolly 56 on detection switch detection transition truck 52 After the center line of formula guide rail 54 is overlapped, intelligent carrier, which starts along the walking of the two-period form guide rail 54 of transition truck 52, arrives platform dolly The middle specified location of two-period form guide rail 54 on 56, detection switch gives signal, and intelligent carrier 53 falls pallet, by four cars Wheel falls the parking table top in platform dolly 56, and intelligent carrier 53 returns to horizontal stroke along the two-period form guide rail 54 on platform dolly 56 The inside of two-period form guide rail 54 moved on carrier 52, searching is left in the startup of transition truck 52 needs the row of pick-up two N are exclusive to drive set Cylinder wheel shape wheel type garage 51, the exclusive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garages 51 that drive of two row N at the same time picked up are by vertical shift, horizontal stroke Vehicle is sent to horizontal depth location by shifting, vertical shift, traversing order.
Two row N are exclusive, and the sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage unmanned garage of combined planar that drives has the longitudinal depth of parking and laterally deep Degree advantage, four transition trucks 52 can walk any car with arbitrary access, and arranging exclusive drive of N according to use occasion difference two covers The two exclusive rows for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage 51 of row N in the cylinder wheel shape wheel type garage unmanned garage of combined planar can reach As many as to 80 rows(More than 400 meters), intelligent carrier 53, the cost of transition truck 52 are less than existing any type car The storehouse and parking stall that can share is more, meets various Site Types.
As shown in Figure 10, this is that an exclusive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage that drives of two row 11 has individual platform dolly 51, It is divided into two row, and ten platform dollies 51 of each column also leave the room of two equipment transpositions, 22 spaces, each altogether A car can be stopped on individual platform dolly 51, therefore its small square frame that can stop not marking numeral in 20 cars, figure is exactly room. Equipment operational process is as follows:1, to by vehicle deposit figure 1. position or from 1. or position take out park cars when, It can be directly accessed car, 2, it is first that whole platform dollies 51 of-number position are whole if deposit or when taking out 2. number position vehicle One platform dolly length of body transverse shifting, a number position is vacated, and 1. number position and the platform dolly 51 of number position two are distinguished vertical shift and arrived On original number position and room, then laterally one platform of overall transverse shifting is small for whole platform dollies 51 of 2. -10. number position The length of car 51,2. the car of number position just can directly drive away.If deposit or taking-ups position vehicle are, sequentially just and 2. Number position vehicle is not just being repeated on the contrary, 3. number position, number position vehicle access are in opposite direction here.
Two row N are exclusive to drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type plane unmanned vehicle Cooley automatic control system control platform dolly 51 Operation, when accessing corresponding vehicle, it is only necessary to its corresponding location number is pressed in man-machine interface, automatic control system can Voluntarily to control the walking and steering of whole platform dollies 51, so as to access corresponding vehicle.
Only need to drive sleeve wheel shape cars using two two row N are exclusive for only having the underground garage transformation in a track to use Wheeled garage, substantially increases more than 80-90% parking stalls.
If heart-shaped oval or trapezoidal etc. differ of irregular square or rectangular enumerates the underground of shape Garage, arranges the exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garages of N by combination two, sets different rows just complete with approximate centre line both sides The garage of these types is adapted to entirely, and this post net that must be pre-designed the satisfaction present invention could be realized certainly, if old car Storehouse, can be by transforming increase parking stall 30%-80%, with alleviating old the cell significantly not enough problem of parking space.
The present invention is not belonging to special equipment, is acted without vehicle lifting, neverHairGive birth to falling for vehicle, the peace of vehicle Full property is more much higher than existing any parking apparatus type.
Have self-propelled one times of underground garage more parking stall quantity of the present invention, also have more one times of self-propelled parking building, consume Electricity is less than underground garage, improves people's Personal Safety and protects healthy, one times of cost reduction, accesses vehicle speed and carry It is high 2-4 times, keep parking stall number is constant to reduce highly energy-consuming underground garage, one times of parking building construction area, while underground garage will be from now on All the present invention, reduces underground garage vehicle exhaust haze emission source, and national several hundred million automobiles are parked in underground garage to be discharged Tail gas will not exist, and will have very big improvement for China's air ambient, significantly, economic benefit is huge for the technology of the present invention progress.
Preferably embodiment of the invention is the foregoing is only, it is all within spirit of the invention and principle principle, done Any modification, equivalent substitution, improvement etc. all should be within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. one kind two is arranged, N is exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar, it is characterised in that the garage includes two Arrange exclusive drives sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage (51) of N, transition truck(52), intelligent carrier(53), two-period form guide rail (54), in transition truck(52)Walking track (55) is on one side or both sides are sequentially arranged the exclusive drive sleeve wheel shapes of several two row N Wheel type garage (51), intelligent carrier(53)Support carries car pool and follows transition truck(52)Carried along traversing Track road(55)It can successively walk to each two row N are exclusive and drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage (51) a certain row therein simultaneously Keep intelligent carrier(53)Center line and the two exclusive platform dollies for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage (51) of row N(56)In Heart line is overlapped, by " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge " in transition truck(52)With platform dolly(56)Between Reversion is walked, automobile from transition truck(52)On be transported to platform dolly(56)On realize vehicle exchange, transition truck (52)Realize that longitudinal direction is carried depth, the movable parking stall of the exclusive platform dollies for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage (51) of two row N and realized Lateral depth both direction is stopped and each intelligent carrier(53)The exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheels of two row N can quickly be accessed All vehicles in the unmanned garage of formula combined planar and any one car specified.
2. a kind of two row N according to claim 1 is exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar, its feature It is, " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge " includes transition truck(52)Mobile(1), the cloudy tenon end movable part of track (5), the cloudy tenon end of two-period form guide rail(6)With platform dolly(56)On the positive tenon end of track(3), the positive tenon end of two-period form guide rail(4), that This position relationship is height relation, be above sun, under be cloudy, transition truck(52)In track(55)It is up to go to specified location Two-period form guide rail above during row(54)Center line extended line and platform dolly(56)Two-period form guide rail(54)Center line When coincidence, transition truck(52)The cloudy tenon end of two-period form guide rail(6)With platform dolly(56)The positive tenon end of two-period form guide rail (4)Track sun tenon end(3)Left and right is flushed, two-period form guide rail the moon tenon end(6)Upper plane is less than platform dolly(56)Two-period form lead Rail sun tenon end(4)Track sun tenon end(3)Lower plane, two-period form guide rail the moon tenon end(6)Lower plane is higher than platform dolly(56)Rail The positive tenon end in road(3), platform dolly(56)Track positive tenon end(3)" putting " is in transition truck(52)The rolling element of one end (1)On, subsequent transition truck(52)The cloudy tenon end movable part of track(5)It can be driven by linear electric motors and move horizontally stretching With the positive tenon end of platform trolley track(3)Left and right is flushed, and is just flushed, and is built into jointly " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon Bridge ", is realized seamless " connection ", and transition truck(52)With platform dolly(56)It will not be sent out in same level dislocation walking It is raw to hinder, in transition truck(52)With platform dolly(56)Between " seamless be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge " immediately below set A supporting mechanism being arranged in ground pedestal is put(57)With transition truck(52)And platform dolly(56)Body bottom There is smaller spacing, realize intelligent carrier(53)In transition truck(52)With platform dolly(56)Between guide rail and track Steadily freely walked back and forth on " seamless to be oriented to walking track mortise and tenon bridge ".
3. a kind of two row N according to claim 1 is exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar, its feature It is, transition truck(52)Two-period form guide rail above(54)Rolling element is installed in the inner side slot of two ends(1)And height is less than flat The two-period form guide rail of platform dolly(54)Track positive tenon end(3).
4. a kind of two row N according to claim 1 is exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar, its feature It is, is arranged several the two of parallel arrangement in the middle of the exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garages of N or the traversing carrying of its both sides arrangement Car(52)And the track of transition truck walking(55)Vertical all two row N are exclusive to drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage(51)Center Line, takes two row N are exclusive to drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage(51)It is exactly regular or irregular two that row is identical or different Arrange the unmanned garage of the exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planars of N.
5. a kind of two row N according to claim 1 is exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar, its feature It is, the two exclusive each platform dollies for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage of row N(56)Parking table top on be fitted with one end Or two ends are positive tenon end(4)Two-period form guide rail(54)And transition truck(52)Parking table top on install one or both ends be Cloudy tenon end(6)Two-period form guide rail(54), two-period form guide rail(54)Vertical transition truck track(55).
6. a kind of two row N according to claim 1 is exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar, its feature It is, the two exclusive each platform dollies for driving sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage of row N(56)Parking table top on be fitted with one end Or two ends are the positive tenon end of track(3)Intelligent carrier(53)Walking track, transition truck(52)Parking table top on It is the cloudy tenon end movable part of track to be provided with one end or two ends(5)Intelligent carrier(53)Walking track.
7. a kind of two row N according to claim 1 is exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar, its feature It is, the track of transition truck walking(55)One end or two ends are elongated to outside parking area.
8. a kind of two row N according to claim 1 is exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar, its feature It is, two row N are exclusive to drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage(51)By a row (1) to (80) platform dolly(52), in addition one row 1. To 80. platform dollies(52)And room a, b composition are exchanged, general household, office use occasion are taken within N=1-20, special to make Use conjunction N=20-80.
9. a kind of two row N according to claim 1 is exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar, its feature It is, in addition to Control management system, the Control management system includes central controller, transition truck(52)Control system System, intelligent carrier(53)Control system, the two exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garages of row N(51)Control system, the center Controller respectively with the transition truck (52) control system, intelligent carrier(53)Control system, the two row exclusive drive sleeves of N Wheel shape wheel type garage(51)Control system and Waiting Lounge(58)Control system connects to control the transition truck respectively (52), intelligent carrier(53)And two row N exclusive drive sleeve wheel shape wheel type garage(51)Operation.
CN201710272021.2A 2017-04-24 2017-04-24 Two row N are exclusive to drive the unmanned garage of sleeve wheel shape wheel type combined planar Withdrawn CN106968495A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109723263A (en) * 2017-10-27 2019-05-07 郝守昌 A kind of matrix form Intelligent parking lot system
CN110344628A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-10-18 郝守昌 A kind of changeable channel formula access system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109723263A (en) * 2017-10-27 2019-05-07 郝守昌 A kind of matrix form Intelligent parking lot system
CN110344628A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-10-18 郝守昌 A kind of changeable channel formula access system

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