CN106968222A - A kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection - Google Patents

A kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106968222A
CN106968222A CN201710337919.3A CN201710337919A CN106968222A CN 106968222 A CN106968222 A CN 106968222A CN 201710337919 A CN201710337919 A CN 201710337919A CN 106968222 A CN106968222 A CN 106968222A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ditches
irrigation canals
corrosion
hydraulic engineering
flowing water
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Pending
Application number
CN201710337919.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
娄雪静
Original Assignee
王杰
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Priority to CN201710337919.3A priority Critical patent/CN106968222A/en
Publication of CN106968222A publication Critical patent/CN106968222A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/16Sealings or joints

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection, including rammed earth layer, soil matrix layer and flowing water irrigation canals and ditches, it is characterized in that, the soil matrix layer top, which is excavated, irrigation canals and ditches foundation trench, stone underlayment is equipped with irrigation canals and ditches foundation trench and is tamped, the stone underlayment top is equipped with sand regulating course, and sand regulating course top is equipped with antiseepage film;The antiseepage film upper strata is equipped with concrete base layer, and the concrete base layer upper strata is equipped with waterproofing tack coat;A kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection, stabilized structure improves flowing water irrigation canals and ditches corrosion-resistant property, and the practicality and security of flowing water irrigation canals and ditches are good;Be conducive to animal and plant growth in water to breed, be conducive to the tissue resorptions such as plant roots and stems, enrichment nutrition, it is ensured that the stabilization of the ecosystem in flowing water irrigation canals and ditches;Be conducive to the storage of waterway channel water, increase the performance of flowing water irrigation canals and ditches water-impervious, be conducive to water to be flowed in flowing water irrigation canals and ditches, reduce the amount that water permeates the ground.

Description

A kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection
Technical field
The present invention relates to hydraulic engineering technical field, specifically a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection.
Background technology
China belongs to agricultural planting big country, it is necessary to irrigate plant during agricultural planting, due to China's rainwater Skewness, causes the proportion of crop planting of some areas to irrigate difficult, to solve to irrigate the problem of which is stranded, people are by excavating Irrigation canals and ditches carry out water conservancy and dredged, and improve the convenience irrigated in agricultural planting.
Current irrigation canals and ditches generally excavate a groove on soil matrix, then introduce the water into groove and form irrigation canals and ditches introducing farmland Irrigate, but be due to that the bottom of groove does not have any waterproof measure, when causing the water to flow in the trench, a big chunk current Underground can be stretched into, causes irrigation canals and ditches often to dry up, the irrigation of crops is had a strong impact on.And without any antierosion measures, long-time After water impact and rain drop erosion, phenomenon of caving in occurs in trench sidewall, and the normal of influence irrigation canals and ditches is used, and increase irrigation canals and ditches are safeguarded Cost.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection, to solve to carry in above-mentioned background technology The problem of going out.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection, including rammed earth layer, soil matrix layer and flowing water irrigation canals and ditches, its feature exist In the soil matrix layer top, which excavates to have, to be equipped with stone underlayment in irrigation canals and ditches foundation trench, irrigation canals and ditches foundation trench and tamp, the stone base Layer top is equipped with sand regulating course, and sand regulating course top is equipped with antiseepage film;The antiseepage film upper strata is equipped with concrete base layer, The concrete base layer upper strata, which is equipped with waterproofing tack coat, the waterproofing tack coat of the flowing water trench bottom, is equipped with 20cm thickness The blotter of degree, blotter upper strata is equipped with the silt layer of 5-10cm thickness;The flowing water irrigation canals and ditches both sides are set to inclined Met water slope, and the flowing water irrigation canals and ditches both sides are provided with slope protection bank, and the outside of slope protection bank is provided with rammed earth layer, rammed earth layer Surface is equipped with concrete topping;The vertical height of the slope protection bank distance from top flowing water irrigation canals and ditches bottom surface is trench depth d, irrigation canals and ditches Depth d is 4-5m.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The stone underlayment bottom side interior thickness is 30~50cm, stone base Tamp structure in a rectangular trapezoid in layer both sides.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The thickness of the sand regulating course is 35cm and tamped.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The antiseepage film uses thickness for 5~10cm polyethylene anti-seepage geomembrane.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The concrete base layer uses the C20 concrete layers of 120mm thickness.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The waterproofing tack coat uses rubber-asphalt waterproof adhesive linkage.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The angle of meet water slope and the flowing water irrigation canals and ditches bottom surface is domatic angle of inclination beta, Domatic angle of inclination beta is 120~150 °.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The width of the slope protection bank is 5-10m, and the lateral surface of slope protection bank is inclination Face.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The thickness of the concrete topping is 20-30cm, and concrete topping is coagulation Navy barrow trade.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:Angle between the lateral surface and concrete topping of the slope protection bank is 105 ~135 °.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:A kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection, structure It is firm, irrigation canals and ditches foundation trench is excavated on soil matrix layer and lay successively stone underlayment, sand regulating course, antiseepage film, concrete base layer and Waterproofing tack coat, improves flowing water irrigation canals and ditches corrosion-resistant property, and the practicality and security of flowing water irrigation canals and ditches are good;And blotter and The laying of silt layer, is conducive to animal and plant growth in water to breed, and is conducive to the tissue resorptions such as plant roots and stems, enrichment nutrition, it is ensured that The stabilization of the ecosystem in flowing water irrigation canals and ditches;Flowing water trench depth is 4-5m, is conducive to the storage of waterway channel water, coordinates antiseepage Film and waterproofing tack coat, increase the performance of flowing water irrigation canals and ditches water-impervious, are conducive to water to be flowed in flowing water irrigation canals and ditches, reduce water and ooze Enter the amount of underground.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of slope protection bank in the present invention.
In figure:1- rammed earths layer, 2- irrigation canals and ditches foundation trench, 3- waterproofing tack coats, 4- concrete base layers, 5- antiseepage films, 6- sand Regulating course, 7- stones underlayment, 8- soil matrixs layer, 9- concrete toppings, 10- slope protection banks, 11- meet water slope, 12- silts layer, 13- flowing water irrigation canals and ditches, 14- blotters, α-flare oblique angle, β-domatic inclination angle, d- trench depths.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer in Fig. 1~2, the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection, including rammed earth layer 1st, soil matrix layer 8 and flowing water irrigation canals and ditches 13,8 top of soil matrix layer, which excavate to have in irrigation canals and ditches foundation trench 2, irrigation canals and ditches foundation trench 2, is equipped with stone bottom Basic unit 7 simultaneously tamps, and the bottom side interior thickness of stone underlayment 7 is 30~50cm, and the compacting of the both sides of stone underlayment 7 is in a rectangular trapezoid Structure, the top of stone underlayment 7 is equipped with sand regulating course 6, and the thickness of sand regulating course 6 is 35cm and tamped, sand regulating course 6 Top is equipped with antiseepage film 5, and antiseepage film 5 uses thickness for 5~10cm polyethylene anti-seepage geomembrane, translucent extremely by milky Opaque thermoplastic resin material-polyvinyl resin is made, and antiseepage film 5 has good heat-resisting, cold resistance, and chemistry is steady Qualitative good, mechanical strength is good, and resisting environmental stress and cracking and tear-resistant strength character are good;Can the corrosion such as acid and alkali resistance, organic solvent.
The upper strata of antiseepage film 5 is equipped with concrete base layer 4, and concrete base layer 4 uses the C20 concrete of 120mm thickness Layer, the upper strata of concrete base layer 4 is equipped with waterproofing tack coat 3, and waterproofing tack coat 3 uses rubber-asphalt waterproof adhesive linkage, matched somebody with somebody Close antiseepage film 5 to use, the performance of the water-impervious of increase flowing water irrigation canals and ditches 13 is conducive to water to flow in flowing water irrigation canals and ditches 13, reduces water The blotter 14 of 20cm thickness, rubble are equipped with the amount permeated the ground, the waterproofing tack coat 3 of the bottom of flowing water irrigation canals and ditches 13 The upper strata of bed course 14 is equipped with the silt layer 12 of 5-10cm thickness, and blotter 14 and silt layer 12 are laid on the bottom of flowing water irrigation canals and ditches 13 Portion, is conducive to animal and plant growth in water to breed, and is conducive to the tissue resorptions such as plant roots and stems, enrichment nutrition, it is ensured that flowing water irrigation canals and ditches 13 The stabilization of the interior ecosystem.
The both sides of flowing water irrigation canals and ditches 13 are set to the inclined slope 11 that meets water, and meet water slope 11 and the bottom surface of flowing water irrigation canals and ditches 13 Angle be domatic angle of inclination beta, domatic angle of inclination beta is 120~150 °, and the both sides of flowing water irrigation canals and ditches 13 are provided with slope protection bank 10, slope protection bank 10 width is 5-10m, and the lateral surface of slope protection bank 10 is inclined plane, and the outside of slope protection bank 10 is provided with rammed earth layer 1, plain earth rammer The real upper surface of layer 1 is equipped with concrete topping 9, and the thickness of concrete topping 9 is 20-30cm, and concrete topping 9 is concrete placement vehicle Trade, facilitates vehicle to be travelled along flowing water irrigation canals and ditches 13, the convenient regular maintenance to irrigation canals and ditches;The lateral surface and coagulation of the slope protection bank 10 Angle between native surface layer 9 is 105~135 °, and the vertical height of the bottom surface of 10 distance from top flowing water irrigation canals and ditches of slope protection bank 13 is ditch Canal depth d, trench depth d are 4-5m, are conducive to the storage of water in flowing water irrigation canals and ditches 13, when water flows in flowing water irrigation canals and ditches 13, no Easily waterproofing tack coat 3, concrete base layer 4, antiseepage film 5, sand regulating course 6 and stone underlayment 7 are caused to corrode, flowing water is improved The practicality and security of irrigation canals and ditches 13, stabilized structure.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.In this explanation , it is necessary to which explanation, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " setting ", " connected " and " connection " should in the description of book It is interpreted broadly, for example, it may be being fixedly connected or being detachably connected, or is integrally connected;It can be direct phase Even, it can also be indirectly connected to by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill people of this area For member, the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention can be understood with concrete condition.
Therefore, no matter from the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and is nonrestrictive, sheet The scope of invention limits by appended claims rather than described above, it is intended that will fall equivalency in claim All changes in implication and scope are included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to limitation institute The claim being related to.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that for clarity, those skilled in the art should Using specification as an entirety, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art It may be appreciated other embodiment.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection, including rammed earth layer (1), soil matrix layer (8) and flowing water irrigation canals and ditches (13), its It is characterised by, described soil matrix layer (8) top, which is excavated, irrigation canals and ditches foundation trench (2), and stone underlayment (7) is equipped with irrigation canals and ditches foundation trench (2) And tamp, stone underlayment (7) top is equipped with sand regulating course (6), and sand regulating course (6) top is equipped with antiseepage film (5); Antiseepage film (5) upper strata is equipped with concrete base layer (4), and concrete base layer (4) upper strata is equipped with waterproofing tack coat (3) blotter (14) of 20cm thickness, rubble pad, are equipped with the waterproofing tack coat (3) of flowing water irrigation canals and ditches (13) bottom Layer (14) upper strata is equipped with the silt layer (12) of 5-10cm thickness;Flowing water irrigation canals and ditches (13) both sides are set to the inclined slope that meets water Face (11), flowing water irrigation canals and ditches (13) both sides are provided with slope protection bank (10), and the outside of slope protection bank (10) is provided with rammed earth layer (1), Rammed earth layer (1) upper surface is equipped with concrete topping (9);Slope protection bank (10) distance from top flowing water irrigation canals and ditches (13) bottom surface Vertical height be trench depth d, trench depth d be 4-5m.
2. a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the stone underlayment (7) bottom side interior thickness is 30~50cm, and structure in a rectangular trapezoid is tamped in stone underlayment (7) both sides.
3. a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the sand regulating course (6) thickness is 35cm and tamped.
4. a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the antiseepage film (5) Thickness is used for 5~10cm polyethylene anti-seepage geomembrane.
5. a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the concrete base layer (4) using the C20 concrete layers of 120mm thickness.
6. a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the waterproofing tack coat (3) rubber-asphalt waterproof adhesive linkage is used.
7. a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the slope that meets water (11) with the angle of flowing water irrigation canals and ditches (13) bottom surface it is domatic angle of inclination beta, domatic angle of inclination beta is 120~150 °.
8. a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the slope protection bank (10) Width be 5-10m, the lateral surface of slope protection bank (10) is inclined plane.
9. a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the concrete topping (9) thickness is 20-30cm, and concrete topping (9) is concrete placement vehicle trade.
10. a kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the slope protection bank (10) the angle between lateral surface and concrete topping (9) is 105~135 °.
CN201710337919.3A 2017-05-15 2017-05-15 A kind of hydraulic engineering resistant to corrosion irrigation canals and ditches bank protection Pending CN106968222A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107653841A (en) * 2017-08-14 2018-02-02 合肥卓立雅工程材料科技有限公司 A kind of river course leakage preventing structure and its laying method
CN108678127A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-10-19 中钢集团马鞍山矿山研究院有限公司 A kind of antiseepage gutter for heavy showers region surface mine
CN109168384A (en) * 2018-07-31 2019-01-11 浙江普天园林建筑发展有限公司 It is a kind of to carry out arid and semi-arid lands's prevention and control of soil erosion method using ornamental plant
CN111749193A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-10-09 郑州市绿荫水利水保技术服务有限公司 System and method for simulating natural water seepage of urban river
CN111962480A (en) * 2020-08-15 2020-11-20 广东中博建设工程有限公司 Water-saving irrigation construction method for high-standard farmland

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CN102839629A (en) * 2012-08-17 2012-12-26 北京科技大学 Method and structure for disturbed riverbed seepage-proof governing
CN202989856U (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-06-12 王继仙 Ecological riverway system of hydraulic engineering
CN203530926U (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-04-09 赵秀雷 Slope protection structure for water conservancy project
CN204780776U (en) * 2015-07-05 2015-11-18 浙江易之园林股份有限公司 Submarine lawn
CN105625264A (en) * 2016-01-17 2016-06-01 长春工程学院 Anti-seepage water-stop structure for hydraulic engineering dam
CN206128089U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-04-26 浙江省隧道工程公司 Rock matter side slope ecological concrete slope protection structure
JP2017141657A (en) * 2016-02-08 2017-08-17 君雄 嶋津 Overflow preventing sheet

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102839629A (en) * 2012-08-17 2012-12-26 北京科技大学 Method and structure for disturbed riverbed seepage-proof governing
CN202989856U (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-06-12 王继仙 Ecological riverway system of hydraulic engineering
CN203530926U (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-04-09 赵秀雷 Slope protection structure for water conservancy project
CN204780776U (en) * 2015-07-05 2015-11-18 浙江易之园林股份有限公司 Submarine lawn
CN105625264A (en) * 2016-01-17 2016-06-01 长春工程学院 Anti-seepage water-stop structure for hydraulic engineering dam
JP2017141657A (en) * 2016-02-08 2017-08-17 君雄 嶋津 Overflow preventing sheet
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107653841A (en) * 2017-08-14 2018-02-02 合肥卓立雅工程材料科技有限公司 A kind of river course leakage preventing structure and its laying method
CN108678127A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-10-19 中钢集团马鞍山矿山研究院有限公司 A kind of antiseepage gutter for heavy showers region surface mine
CN109168384A (en) * 2018-07-31 2019-01-11 浙江普天园林建筑发展有限公司 It is a kind of to carry out arid and semi-arid lands's prevention and control of soil erosion method using ornamental plant
CN109168384B (en) * 2018-07-31 2021-11-16 杭州市园林绿化股份有限公司 Method for preventing and treating water and soil loss in arid and semi-arid regions by using garden plants
CN111749193A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-10-09 郑州市绿荫水利水保技术服务有限公司 System and method for simulating natural water seepage of urban river
CN111749193B (en) * 2020-07-17 2021-03-30 郑州市绿荫水利水保技术服务有限公司 System and method for simulating natural water seepage of urban river
CN111962480A (en) * 2020-08-15 2020-11-20 广东中博建设工程有限公司 Water-saving irrigation construction method for high-standard farmland
CN111962480B (en) * 2020-08-15 2022-03-04 广东中博建设工程有限公司 Water-saving irrigation construction method for high-standard farmland

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