CN106962103A - A kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting - Google Patents

A kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106962103A
CN106962103A CN201710180525.1A CN201710180525A CN106962103A CN 106962103 A CN106962103 A CN 106962103A CN 201710180525 A CN201710180525 A CN 201710180525A CN 106962103 A CN106962103 A CN 106962103A
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China
Prior art keywords
seedling
cherry
grafting
dwarfing
greenhouse
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CN201710180525.1A
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Inventor
沈亮亮
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Suzhou Morrowsoft Cultural Tourism Development Co Ltd
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Suzhou Morrowsoft Cultural Tourism Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710180525.1A priority Critical patent/CN106962103A/en
Publication of CN106962103A publication Critical patent/CN106962103A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention belongs to cherry planting technology field, a kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting, including following operating procedure are disclosed:Seedling medium is inserted in seedling-growing container;Well-developed cherry seed is selected to be sowed in 4 June;The seedling-growing container for having poured water is removed into greenhouse, and covers on greenhouse sunshade net sunshade;When cherry seedling length is to 2 3cm, timely thinning is answered to retain 1 plant of healthy seedling;When height of seedling is up to 10 14cm top stay 13 buds by its continued growth outside, the bud sent below then need all erase;When stem slightly reaches more than 0.5cm at the liftoff 10cm of cherry seedling, you can carry out grafting, after grafting is completed 30 days, the rudiment on stock is removed in time after buddering and sprouting.The present invention is carried out due to sowing and grafting in seedling-growing container, is different from traditional indoor lifting grafting, can effectively shorten the damage of cherry seedling root system caused by seedling-slowing stage, the seedling-growing time of cherry is done sth. in advance more than 2 years than traditional nursery.

Description

A kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting
Technical field
The present invention relates to cherry planting technology field, more particularly to a kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting.
Background technology
In the prior art, cherry is light, likes warm, hygrophilous, manurial-philous fruit tree, is adapted in average annual 10~12 DEG C of temperature, year Grown under 600~700mm of precipitation, the weather conditions in year 2600~more than 2800h of sunshine time.Daily mean temperature is higher than 10 DEG C time in 150~200d, the place that winter extreme minimum temperature is not less than -20 DEG C can well-grown, normal outcome. If there is frostbite locality, cherry field may be selected to rise slow, the area of air circulation in spring temperature.In view of cherry root system Simple and easy wind-fall is distributed, field by windburn location not to be advisable, and soil is preferred with the sandy loam that the soil is porous, soil layer is deep.
Large cherry belongs to cross-pollination kind, most of from spending unreal, need to configure pollinizers.The maturity period may be selected different Chinese holly is early red and the kind such as red light is as main breed, and pollinated variety is used as using card inside competition and red honey.It is general to use interval 2 Row main breed, transplants the practice of 1 row pollinated variety, to ensure normal pollination.Soil, fertilizer, water management and the other fruits of cherry Tree has very big difference, and because it reacts sensitive to soil, fertilizer, water, a large amount of dehiscent fruits of fruit, tree body death etc. are slightly will result in accidentally Serious consequence.Therefore, it should be managed according to cherry to soil, the demand rule of fertile, water.Plantation spring and summer will be intertilled Weeding, keeps loosing soil.Annual 9~October outside line space trunk 50cm, ditch organic fertilizer, per 667m2 organic fertilizers 400kg, 15~30kg of urea, 50~100kg of composite fertilizer.Compel to apply 0.3~0.5kg of urea with each after fruit picking before germination.Sprout Afterwards to 0.3% urea of florescence foliage-spray 2~3 times, the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of foliage-spray 0.3% each 1 after fructescence and fruit picking It is secondary.Before rudiment, the stone phase, freeze-up preceding pour water before fruit picking and respectively 1 time.
Rational pruning cherry is tree-like to do high 40~50cm, height of tree 3m or so, Quan Shuyou using free spindle Single shaft branch group 8~12,70~80 ° of branch angle is staggered.Winter cuts to be carried out before germination, fixed dry at height of seedling 80cm.1st~ In 4 years, dry and single shaft branch group is cut at full bud, is cut and is stayed 40~60cm of length, removes overstocked branch and sick branch.Give birth to side Branch in single shaft branch group, typically stays 5~15cm cutting backs, promotees it and forms brachyplast group, next year forms bouquet shape fruit branch.Using thin The peripheral bull branch of the method processing being combined is removed and cut again, to reduce the peripheral branch amount of tree crown, improves illumination condition in hat.Spring and autumn Season side life single shaft branch 75 ° or so of pulling-off angle of group, auxiliary support branch draws state in 90 °.The prosperous tip that 5~June, counterweight cutting back was sprouted and straight Vertical young sprout stays 5~10cm pinching.Secondary branch growth it is prosperous when can pinching again, promote it and form brachyplast and bud.Cycle is long, income Slowly,
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solve at least the above, and provide the advantage that at least will be described later.
The present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting, including following operating procedure:
(1) seedling medium is inserted in seedling-growing container;
(2) well-developed cherry seed is selected to be sowed in 4-6 months, each seedling-growing container broadcasts 2 and one layer of lid is educated It is 60-70% that seedling substrate with water, which is poured to water content, you can;
(3) seedling-growing container for having poured water is removed into greenhouse, and sunshade net sunshade is covered on greenhouse, spray water weekly 1-2 It is secondary, the moisture content of seedling medium is maintained at 60-80%;
(4) a liquid manure is applied per two weeks after cherry seedling grows 1 true leaf;
(5) when cherry seedling length is to 2-3cm, timely thinning is answered to retain 1 plant of healthy seedling, and be less than 20-23 DEG C in temperature When remove sunshade net, night temperature be less than 0 DEG C when greenhouse carry out overlay film insulation;
(6) when height of seedling reach 10-14cm when top stay 1-3 bud by its continued growth outside, the bud sent below then needs All erase;
(7) when stem slightly reaches more than 0.5cm at the liftoff 10cm of cherry seedling, you can carry out grafting, the annual spring is picked up from scion At least one of the tip or summer shoot, 3-5 is stayed at 10-20cm when connecing from the ground by stock away from anvil, its top is rolled at ground about 10cm Cut, then rolled over double buds at anvil with cut-grafting method grafting at piece leaf;
(8) after grafting is completed 30 days, the rudiment on stock is removed in time after buddering and sprouting, position to be grafted occurs Wrapping film is released when strand is hung, removes pumping between below scion young sprout 15-25cm side shoot, reservation young sprout 25-30cm 3-4 side shoot is as first layer major branch, and scion monthly applies a liquid manure to promote seedling to grow after surviving, after 7-10 months Reach the requirement emerged.
It is preferred that, described seedling medium by hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and more than 20 purposes carefully with husky pi-allyl Sodium sulfonate, which is made by mixing, to be formed.
It is preferred that, the processing method of the seedling medium is:
(1) hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and fine sand more than 20 mesh are well mixed, you can obtain a kind of dry matter and mix Compound;
(2) water that addition in obtained dry matter mixture is accounted for into its 20-50% (weight) is again stirring for uniformly, you can To a kind of mixture;
(3) fill this blend into sealing in closed container to become thoroughly decomposed 30-60 days, spray ALS, solution i.e. .
It is preferred that, hack in the seedling medium, wheat stalk, the weight proportion of the fine sand of composite fertilizer and 20 mesh are 10: 1-4:0.1-0.5:8-10。
It is preferred that, hack in the seedling medium, wheat stalk, the weight proportion of the fine sand of composite fertilizer and 20 mesh are 10: 1-2:0.4-0.5:8-9。
Compared with prior art, its advantage is the present invention:
1. the present invention is carried out due to sowing and grafting in seedling-growing container, traditional indoor lifting grafting is different from, can It is effective to shorten the caused seedling-slowing stage of cherry seedling root system damage, the seedling-growing time of cherry is done sth. in advance more than 2 years than traditional nursery.
2. the husky ALS of present invention addition prepares seedling medium, Cherry Grown can be improved for composite fertilizer Absorption rate, reduces the incidence of disease of Cherry Grown, while can effectively help to shorten and seedling raise period, improves planting benefit.
3. Cherry Grown post yield and single fruit weight that implantation methods plantation of the present invention is obtained all are significantly improved and changed It is kind, there is good progradation for changing traditional cherry planting patterns.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below, foregoing end other objects of the invention, feature, aspect and excellent Point will be apparent, to make those skilled in the art to implement according to this with reference to specification word.
Embodiment one
A kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting, including following operating procedure:
(1) seedling medium is inserted in seedling-growing container;
(2) well-developed cherry seed is selected to be sowed in 4-6 months, each seedling-growing container broadcasts 2 and one layer of lid is educated It is 60-70% that seedling substrate with water, which is poured to water content, you can;
(3) seedling-growing container for having poured water is removed into greenhouse, and sunshade net sunshade is covered on greenhouse, spray water weekly 1-2 It is secondary, the moisture content of seedling medium is maintained at 60-80%;
(4) a liquid manure is applied per two weeks after cherry seedling grows 1 true leaf;
(5) when cherry seedling length is to 2-3cm, timely thinning is answered to retain 1 plant of healthy seedling, and be less than 20-23 DEG C in temperature When remove sunshade net, night temperature be less than 0 DEG C when greenhouse carry out overlay film insulation;
(6) when height of seedling reach 10-14cm when top stay 1-3 bud by its continued growth outside, the bud sent below then needs All erase;
(7) when stem slightly reaches more than 0.5cm at the liftoff 10cm of cherry seedling, you can carry out grafting, the annual spring is picked up from scion At least one of the tip or summer shoot, 3-5 is stayed at 10-20cm when connecing from the ground by stock away from anvil, its top is rolled at ground about 10cm Cut, then rolled over double buds at anvil with cut-grafting method grafting at piece leaf;
(8) after grafting is completed 30 days, the rudiment on stock is removed in time after buddering and sprouting, position to be grafted occurs Wrapping film is released when strand is hung, removes pumping between below scion young sprout 15-25cm side shoot, reservation young sprout 25-30cm 3-4 side shoot is as first layer major branch, and scion monthly applies a liquid manure to promote seedling to grow after surviving, after 7-10 months Reach the requirement emerged.
Described seedling medium carefully with husky ALS is mixed by hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and more than 20 purposes Conjunction is made.
The processing method of the seedling medium is:
(1) hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and fine sand more than 20 mesh are well mixed, you can obtain a kind of dry matter and mix Compound;
(2) water that addition in obtained dry matter mixture is accounted for into its 20% (weight) is again stirring for uniformly, you can obtain one Plant mixture;
(3) fill this blend into sealing in closed container to become thoroughly decomposed 30 days, spray ALS, solution and produce.
Hack in the seedling medium, wheat stalk, the weight proportion of the fine sand of composite fertilizer and 20 mesh are 10:1:0.1: 8。
Embodiment two
A kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting, including following operating procedure:
(1) seedling medium is inserted in seedling-growing container;
(2) well-developed cherry seed is selected to be sowed in 4-6 months, each seedling-growing container broadcasts 2 and one layer of lid is educated It is 60-70% that seedling substrate with water, which is poured to water content, you can;
(3) seedling-growing container for having poured water is removed into greenhouse, and sunshade net sunshade is covered on greenhouse, spray water weekly 1-2 It is secondary, the moisture content of seedling medium is maintained at 60-80%;
(4) a liquid manure is applied per two weeks after cherry seedling grows 1 true leaf;
(5) when cherry seedling length is to 2-3cm, timely thinning is answered to retain 1 plant of healthy seedling, and be less than 20-23 DEG C in temperature When remove sunshade net, night temperature be less than 0 DEG C when greenhouse carry out overlay film insulation;
(6) when height of seedling reach 10-14cm when top stay 1-3 bud by its continued growth outside, the bud sent below then needs All erase;
(7) when stem slightly reaches more than 0.5cm at the liftoff 10cm of cherry seedling, you can carry out grafting, the annual spring is picked up from scion At least one of the tip or summer shoot, 3-5 is stayed at 10-20cm when connecing from the ground by stock away from anvil, its top is rolled at ground about 10cm Cut, then rolled over double buds at anvil with cut-grafting method grafting at piece leaf;
(8) after grafting is completed 30 days, the rudiment on stock is removed in time after buddering and sprouting, position to be grafted occurs Wrapping film is released when strand is hung, removes pumping between below scion young sprout 15-25cm side shoot, reservation young sprout 25-30cm 3-4 side shoot is as first layer major branch, and scion monthly applies a liquid manure to promote seedling to grow after surviving, after 7-10 months Reach the requirement emerged.
Described seedling medium carefully with husky ALS is mixed by hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and more than 20 purposes Conjunction is made.
The processing method of the seedling medium is:
(1) hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and fine sand more than 20 mesh are well mixed, you can obtain a kind of dry matter and mix Compound;
(2) water that addition in obtained dry matter mixture is accounted for into its 50% (weight) is again stirring for uniformly, you can obtain one Plant mixture;
(3) fill this blend into sealing in closed container to become thoroughly decomposed 60 days, spray ALS, solution and produce.
Hack in the seedling medium, wheat stalk, the weight proportion of the fine sand of composite fertilizer and 20 mesh are 10:4:0.5: 10。
Embodiment three
A kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting, including following operating procedure:
(1) seedling medium is inserted in seedling-growing container;
(2) well-developed cherry seed is selected to be sowed in 4-6 months, each seedling-growing container broadcasts 2 and one layer of lid is educated It is 60-70% that seedling substrate with water, which is poured to water content, you can;
(3) seedling-growing container for having poured water is removed into greenhouse, and sunshade net sunshade is covered on greenhouse, spray water weekly 1-2 It is secondary, the moisture content of seedling medium is maintained at 60-80%;
(4) a liquid manure is applied per two weeks after cherry seedling grows 1 true leaf;
(5) when cherry seedling length is to 2-3cm, timely thinning is answered to retain 1 plant of healthy seedling, and be less than 20-23 DEG C in temperature When remove sunshade net, night temperature be less than 0 DEG C when greenhouse carry out overlay film insulation;
(6) when height of seedling reach 10-14cm when top stay 1-3 bud by its continued growth outside, the bud sent below then needs All erase;
(7) when stem slightly reaches more than 0.5cm at the liftoff 10cm of cherry seedling, you can carry out grafting, the annual spring is picked up from scion At least one of the tip or summer shoot, 3-5 is stayed at 10-20cm when connecing from the ground by stock away from anvil, its top is rolled at ground about 10cm Cut, then rolled over double buds at anvil with cut-grafting method grafting at piece leaf;
(8) after grafting is completed 30 days, the rudiment on stock is removed in time after buddering and sprouting, position to be grafted occurs Wrapping film is released when strand is hung, removes pumping between below scion young sprout 15-25cm side shoot, reservation young sprout 25-30cm 3-4 side shoot is as first layer major branch, and scion monthly applies a liquid manure to promote seedling to grow after surviving, after 7-10 months Reach the requirement emerged.
Described seedling medium carefully with husky ALS is mixed by hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and more than 20 purposes Conjunction is made.
The processing method of the seedling medium is:
(1) hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and fine sand more than 20 mesh are well mixed, you can obtain a kind of dry matter and mix Compound;
(2) water that addition in obtained dry matter mixture is accounted for into its 20% (weight) is again stirring for uniformly, you can obtain one Plant mixture;
(3) fill this blend into sealing in closed container to become thoroughly decomposed 60 days, spray ALS, solution and produce.
Hack in the seedling medium, wheat stalk, the weight proportion of the fine sand of composite fertilizer and 20 mesh are 10:1:0.5: 8。
Example IV
A kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting, including following operating procedure:
(1) seedling medium is inserted in seedling-growing container;
(2) well-developed cherry seed is selected to be sowed in 4-6 months, each seedling-growing container broadcasts 2 and one layer of lid is educated It is 60-70% that seedling substrate with water, which is poured to water content, you can;
(3) seedling-growing container for having poured water is removed into greenhouse, and sunshade net sunshade is covered on greenhouse, spray water weekly 1-2 It is secondary, the moisture content of seedling medium is maintained at 60-80%;
(4) a liquid manure is applied per two weeks after cherry seedling grows 1 true leaf;
(5) when cherry seedling length is to 2-3cm, timely thinning is answered to retain 1 plant of healthy seedling, and be less than 20-23 DEG C in temperature When remove sunshade net, night temperature be less than 0 DEG C when greenhouse carry out overlay film insulation;
(6) when height of seedling reach 10-14cm when top stay 1-3 bud by its continued growth outside, the bud sent below then needs All erase;
(7) when stem slightly reaches more than 0.5cm at the liftoff 10cm of cherry seedling, you can carry out grafting, the annual spring is picked up from scion At least one of the tip or summer shoot, 3-5 is stayed at 10-20cm when connecing from the ground by stock away from anvil, its top is rolled at ground about 10cm Cut, then rolled over double buds at anvil with cut-grafting method grafting at piece leaf;
(8) after grafting is completed 30 days, the rudiment on stock is removed in time after buddering and sprouting, position to be grafted occurs Wrapping film is released when strand is hung, removes pumping between below scion young sprout 15-25cm side shoot, reservation young sprout 25-30cm 3-4 side shoot is as first layer major branch, and scion monthly applies a liquid manure to promote seedling to grow after surviving, after 7-10 months Reach the requirement emerged.
Described seedling medium carefully with husky ALS is mixed by hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and more than 20 purposes Conjunction is made.
The processing method of the seedling medium is:
(1) hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and fine sand more than 20 mesh are well mixed, you can obtain a kind of dry matter and mix Compound;
(2) water that addition in obtained dry matter mixture is accounted for into its 50% (weight) is again stirring for uniformly, you can obtain one Plant mixture;
(3) fill this blend into sealing in closed container to become thoroughly decomposed 30 days, spray ALS, solution and produce.
Hack in the seedling medium, wheat stalk, the weight proportion of the fine sand of composite fertilizer and 20 mesh are 10:4:0.2: 10。
Embodiment five
A kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting, including following operating procedure:
(1) seedling medium is inserted in seedling-growing container;
(2) well-developed cherry seed is selected to be sowed in 4-6 months, each seedling-growing container broadcasts 2 and one layer of lid is educated It is 60-70% that seedling substrate with water, which is poured to water content, you can;
(3) seedling-growing container for having poured water is removed into greenhouse, and sunshade net sunshade is covered on greenhouse, spray water weekly 1-2 It is secondary, the moisture content of seedling medium is maintained at 60-80%;
(4) a liquid manure is applied per two weeks after cherry seedling grows 1 true leaf;
(5) when cherry seedling length is to 2-3cm, timely thinning is answered to retain 1 plant of healthy seedling, and be less than 20-23 DEG C in temperature When remove sunshade net, night temperature be less than 0 DEG C when greenhouse carry out overlay film insulation;
(6) when height of seedling reach 10-14cm when top stay 1-3 bud by its continued growth outside, the bud sent below then needs All erase;
(7) when stem slightly reaches more than 0.5cm at the liftoff 10cm of cherry seedling, you can carry out grafting, the annual spring is picked up from scion At least one of the tip or summer shoot, 3-5 is stayed at 10-20cm when connecing from the ground by stock away from anvil, its top is rolled at ground about 10cm Cut, then rolled over double buds at anvil with cut-grafting method grafting at piece leaf;
(8) after grafting is completed 30 days, the rudiment on stock is removed in time after buddering and sprouting, position to be grafted occurs Wrapping film is released when strand is hung, removes pumping between below scion young sprout 15-25cm side shoot, reservation young sprout 25-30cm 3-4 side shoot is as first layer major branch, and scion monthly applies a liquid manure to promote seedling to grow after surviving, after 7-10 months Reach the requirement emerged.
Described seedling medium carefully with husky ALS is mixed by hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and more than 20 purposes Conjunction is made.
The processing method of the seedling medium is:
(1) hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and fine sand more than 20 mesh are well mixed, you can obtain a kind of dry matter and mix Compound;
(2) water that addition in obtained dry matter mixture is accounted for into its 40% (weight) is again stirring for uniformly, you can obtain one Plant mixture;
(3) fill this blend into sealing in closed container to become thoroughly decomposed 30 days, spray ALS, solution and produce.
It is preferred that, hack in the seedling medium, wheat stalk, the weight proportion of the fine sand of composite fertilizer and 20 mesh are 10: 1.5:0.5:8。
Embodiment six
A kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting, including following operating procedure:
(1) seedling medium is inserted in seedling-growing container;
(2) well-developed cherry seed is selected to be sowed in 4-6 months, each seedling-growing container broadcasts 2 and one layer of lid is educated It is 60-70% that seedling substrate with water, which is poured to water content, you can;
(3) seedling-growing container for having poured water is removed into greenhouse, and sunshade net sunshade is covered on greenhouse, spray water weekly 1-2 It is secondary, the moisture content of seedling medium is maintained at 60-80%;
(4) a liquid manure is applied per two weeks after cherry seedling grows 1 true leaf;
(5) when cherry seedling length is to 2-3cm, timely thinning is answered to retain 1 plant of healthy seedling, and be less than 20-23 DEG C in temperature When remove sunshade net, night temperature be less than 0 DEG C when greenhouse carry out overlay film insulation;
(6) when height of seedling reach 10-14cm when top stay 1-3 bud by its continued growth outside, the bud sent below then needs All erase;
(7) when stem slightly reaches more than 0.5cm at the liftoff 10cm of cherry seedling, you can carry out grafting, the annual spring is picked up from scion At least one of the tip or summer shoot, 3-5 is stayed at 10-20cm when connecing from the ground by stock away from anvil, its top is rolled at ground about 10cm Cut, then rolled over double buds at anvil with cut-grafting method grafting at piece leaf;
(8) after grafting is completed 30 days, the rudiment on stock is removed in time after buddering and sprouting, position to be grafted occurs Wrapping film is released when strand is hung, removes pumping between below scion young sprout 15-25cm side shoot, reservation young sprout 25-30cm 3-4 side shoot is as first layer major branch, and scion monthly applies a liquid manure to promote seedling to grow after surviving, after 7-10 months Reach the requirement emerged.
Described seedling medium carefully with husky ALS is mixed by hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and more than 20 purposes Conjunction is made.
The processing method of the seedling medium is:
(1) hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and fine sand more than 20 mesh are well mixed, you can obtain a kind of dry matter and mix Compound;
(2) water that addition in obtained dry matter mixture is accounted for into its 20-50% (weight) is again stirring for uniformly, you can To a kind of mixture;
(3) fill this blend into sealing in closed container to become thoroughly decomposed 30-60 days, spray ALS, solution i.e. .
It is preferred that, hack in the seedling medium, wheat stalk, the weight proportion of the fine sand of composite fertilizer and 20 mesh are 10: 2:0.5:9。
Table one:The embodiment of the present invention and traditional cultivation method cherry post yield, single fruit weight and morbidity statistics result.
The cherry of traditional approach plantation is as the cherry variety that the embodiment of the present invention plants cherry, other way to manages Unanimously.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting, it is characterised in that:
Including following operating procedure:
(1) seedling medium is inserted in seedling-growing container;
(2) well-developed cherry seed is selected to be sowed in 4-6 months, each seedling-growing container broadcasts 2 and one layer of nursery base of lid It is 60-70% that matter, which is poured with water to water content, you can;
(3) seedling-growing container for having poured water is removed into greenhouse, and sunshade net sunshade is covered on greenhouse, sprayed water 1-2 times weekly, make The moisture content of seedling medium is maintained at 60-80%;
(4) a liquid manure is applied per two weeks after cherry seedling grows 1 true leaf;
(5) when cherry seedling length is to 2-3cm, timely thinning is answered to retain 1 plant of healthy seedling, and gone when temperature is less than 20-23 DEG C Except sunshade net, when night temperature is less than 0 DEG C, greenhouse carries out overlay film insulation;
(6) when height of seedling reach 10-14cm when top stay 1-3 bud by its continued growth outside, the bud sent below then needs whole Erase;
(7) at the liftoff 10cm of cherry seedling stem slightly reach more than 0.5cm when, you can carry out grafting, scion pick up from the annual spring tip or At least one of summer shoot, 3-5 piece leaves are stayed at 10-20cm when connecing from the ground by stock away from anvil, its top is rolled at ground about 10cm Place is cut, then is being rolled over double buds at anvil with cut-grafting method grafting;
(8) after grafting 30 days is completed, the rudiment on stock is removed in time after buddering and sprouting, strand occurs in position to be grafted when hanging Wrapping film is released, removes below scion young sprout 15-25cm side shoot, retains 3-4 side of pumping between young sprout 25-30cm Branch is as first layer major branch, and scion monthly applies a liquid manure to promote seedling to grow after surviving, and can reach and emerges after 7-10 months Requirement.
2. a kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Described seedling medium by hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and more than 20 purposes carefully mixes system with husky ALS Form.
3. a kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:
The processing method of the seedling medium is:
(1) hack, wheat stalk, composite fertilizer and fine sand more than 20 mesh are well mixed, you can obtain a kind of dry matter mixture;
(2) water that addition in obtained dry matter mixture is accounted for into its 20-50% (weight) is again stirring for uniformly, you can obtain one kind Mixture;
(3) fill this blend into sealing in closed container to become thoroughly decomposed 30-60 days, spray ALS, solution and produce.
4. a kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:
Hack in the seedling medium, wheat stalk, the weight proportion of the fine sand of composite fertilizer and 20 mesh are 10:1-4:0.1-0.5: 8-10。
5. a kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:
Hack in the seedling medium, wheat stalk, the weight proportion of the fine sand of composite fertilizer and 20 mesh are 10:1-2:0.4-0.5: 8-9。
CN201710180525.1A 2017-03-24 2017-03-24 A kind of cherry cultivation method for dwarfing and early fruiting Pending CN106962103A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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