CN106954868B - Peanut cleaning machine - Google Patents

Peanut cleaning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106954868B
CN106954868B CN201710220123.XA CN201710220123A CN106954868B CN 106954868 B CN106954868 B CN 106954868B CN 201710220123 A CN201710220123 A CN 201710220123A CN 106954868 B CN106954868 B CN 106954868B
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China
Prior art keywords
shaft
peanut
wash bowl
cleaning
motor
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CN201710220123.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106954868A (en
Inventor
周长义
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Tiegan Branch Chongqing Zhouyi Food Co Ltd
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Tiegan Branch Chongqing Zhouyi Food Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710220123.XA priority Critical patent/CN106954868B/en
Publication of CN106954868A publication Critical patent/CN106954868A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching

Abstract

The present patent application belongs to cleaning equipment technical field, specifically discloses one and cultivates peanut cleaning machine, including motor and wash bowl, and motor is located at the top of wash bowl;The inside of wash bowl is equipped with the shaft through wash bowl upper and lower end parts, and shaft is equipped with hairbrush, and the output shaft of motor is connect with shaft;The top of wash bowl is equipped with feed inlet, and lower part is equipped with drain valve;The inner wall of wash bowl is equipped with the groove of screw thread shape;It is fixed with motion bar in shaft, the end of motion bar is connected with spin, spin and matching grooves and can roll along groove;Lower part in wash bowl is equipped with the filter for completely cutting off peanut and impurity;The inside of shaft is provided with cavity, and the opening for allowing silt to enter is provided in shaft;The lower part of shaft is set as transparent viewing section.Peanut is cleaned using the technical program, sufficiently comprehensive cleaning can be carried out to peanut, and can also more easily observe the degree of cleaning of peanut in the process of cleaning.

Description

Peanut cleaning machine
Technical field
It cultivates peanut cleaning machine the invention belongs to cleaning equipment technical field more particularly to one.
Background technique
Peanut is described as " Vegetable meat " by people, and oil content is up to 50%, best in quality, smell faint scent.In addition to edible, also For printing and dyeing, paper industry.Peanut is also a herb, and applicable malnutritive, taste imbalance, cough phlegm asthma, milk lack Disease.
Be covered with silt in the peanut case surface just harvested in field at present, farmer would generally two hands hold one respectively The rhizome of part peanut, then mutually collision, most silts outside peanut shell by mutually hitting hit.By peanut Middle rhizome portion shearing separates, and takes back process house with container or cloth bag and is further processed.
A kind of for cleaning the cleaning machine of peanut, packet is disclosed in the Chinese patent literature of Publication No. CN104939283A Include cylinder, the bottom of cylinder is opening-like, and feed pipe is arranged at the top of cylinder lateral wall, have motor at the top of cylinder, the motor it is defeated It is connected with shaft on shaft, there is through-hole on the corresponding cylinder upper surface of shaft, the lower end of shaft passes through the through-hole and extend into cylinder It is interior, there is hairbrush in intracorporal that section of shaft of cylinder.Baffle is arranged at the lower part of cylinder, is evenly equipped with water hole on baffle, and the one of baffle It is in be slidingly sealed cooperation, the corresponding cylinder in a side in another group of relative edge of baffle between group relative edge and the inner sidewall of cylinder There is opening on side wall, the side of baffle passes through the opening and reaches except cylinder.The bottom of cylinder is connected with unloading house, unloading house Inner cavity communicated with the inner cavity of cylinder, discharge gate is arranged at the bottom of unloading house, has valve on discharge gate.Using the cleaning machine to peanut It is cleaned, the manpower of consumption is less, the peanut easily collecting after cleaning.But there is also following defects: 1, peanut is stacked on In cylinder, only peanut cannot be made to obtain abundant exercise by hairbrush driving, it is difficult to clean up peanut;2, in cleaning process In, the clean-up performance of peanut is checked if necessary, need to be taken out multiple peanuts by stopping peanut cleaning machine and be observed, be checked The cleannes very complicated of peanut.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is cultivated peanut cleaning machine in offer one, so that peanut is obtained abundant exercise during cleaning, The cleannes of peanut are improved, and can also more easily observe the degree of cleaning of peanut in the process of cleaning.
In order to achieve the above object, base case of the invention are as follows: including motor and in the wash bowl of vertical, motor Positioned at the top of wash bowl;The inside of the wash bowl is equipped with the shaft through wash bowl upper and lower end parts, and shaft is equipped with hairbrush, The output shaft of motor is connect with shaft;The top of wash bowl is equipped with feed inlet, and lower part is equipped with water outlet;The inner wall of the wash bowl Groove equipped with screw thread shape;Motion bar is fixed in the shaft, the end of motion bar is connected with spin, spin and groove It matches and can be rolled along groove;Lower part in the wash bowl is equipped with the filter for completely cutting off peanut and impurity;The shaft Inside be provided with cavity, be provided in shaft allow silt enter opening;The lower part of the shaft is set as transparent viewing section.
There is certain altitude requirement to the opening being provided in shaft, according to common scenario, it is contemplated that peanut cleans up The height of sedimentation afterwards;After the completion of cleaning, when wash bowl moves to most bottom position, it is open and can be connect with sedimentation layer Touching, uppermost silt can be entered in cavity by opening.
The working principle of this base case is: peanut to be cleaned being put into wash bowl, motor is started, motor drives Output shaft rotates, and the hairbrush in shaft constantly rotates, and scrubs to peanut, the silt on peanut shell is brushed down.In shaft During rotation, the motion bar in shaft is along concave slot sports, since groove is distributed along the inner wall of wash bowl in screw thread shape, Wash bowl moves up and down under the action of motion bar, and shake, peanut obtain sufficiently the peanut and water flow in wash bowl up and down therewith Movement, each peanut, peanut each surface have an opportunity to be cleaned, peanut can be cleaned effectively;Simultaneously because water exists Constantly flowing, under the flushing action of water flow, the silt on peanut surface can be cleaned.Peanut is placed on filter, due to The particle of silt is smaller, and silt is deposited in the bottom of wash bowl by filter.When needing to judge whether peanut cleans up, drop The revolving speed of low motor closes motor, and silt gradually deposits, if peanut cleans up, sedimentation layer reaches corresponding height The silt of degree, sedimentation layer upper surface can be by being open in the viewing section for entering shaft, at this time by observation viewing section The amount of sedimentation can determine whether peanut cleans up.
The beneficial effect of this base case is:
1, when cleaning peanut, the peanut in wash bowl can be shaken up and down, and silt can be shaken off during shake, And since peanut can be moved constantly, each peanut, peanut each surface have an opportunity to be cleaned, substantially increase clear The effect washed;At the same time, peanut also scrubbed by hairbrush, the flushing of water flow, effectively enhance cleaning dynamics, ensure that clear The effect washed.
2, when checking the clean-up performance of peanut, multiple peanuts from salvaging in wash bowl is not required to and are observed, need to only be passed through Sedimentation amount can judge whether peanut cleans up in observation viewing section, very convenient quick.
3, peanut and silt can be effectively layered by the setting of filter, and the peanut and silt after on the one hand capable of preventing cleaning are again On the other hand mixing can prevent peanut from blocking opening, silt is caused smoothly cannot to enter viewing section from opening.
4, the end of motion bar is provided with spin, and during shaft rotation, spin rolls and non-slip in groove, Frictional force is greatly reduced, the degree of wear of groove is reduced.
Further, it is provided with multiple openings in the shaft, is equipped with sealing-plug in opening.According to being housed in wash bowl The amount and peanut of peanut contain silt number, estimate the height for cleaning up rear sedimentation layer, calculate shaft and cleaning The maximum relative displacement of cylinder opens the opening that be able to be contacted with sedimentation layer when some moves to extreme lower position in shaft, Remaining opening is still blocked with sealing-plug.After peanut cleaning to a certain extent, it can be sentenced by the silt deposited in observation viewing section Whether disconnected peanut cleans up.Multiple openings are set, the opening of different location can be opened according to the actual situation, improve judgement Accuracy.
Further, the shaft is equipped with the agitating paddle being located in wash bowl.The setting of agitating paddle enables peanut to be filled Divide stirring, peanut is enable to clean cleaner.
Further, the water outlet is located above filter;Sand outlet is also provided on the wash bowl, sand outlet is located at cleaning Cylinder bottom.After the completion of cleaning, deposition a period of time, silt opens water outlet, more clearly since the effect of gravity is deposited in bottom Clear water is flowed out from water outlet;After water no longer flows out, sand outlet is opened, silt remaining in wash bowl and water are discharged. Water outlet and sand outlet are set, and at various height by water outlet and sand outlet setting, the water of water outlet discharge is more clear It is clear, it can recycle, effectively saving resource, reduce the waste of water resource.
Further, the shaft is equipped with gasket.The setting of gasket effectively prevent the process water flow in pivot It is flowed out from wash bowl.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of peanut cleaning machine embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description include: wash bowl 1, sand outlet 11, water outlet 12, feed inlet 13, groove 14, Motor 2, shaft 3, cavity 31, motion bar 32, spin 33, bristle 34, agitating paddle 35, sealing-plug 36.
As shown in Figure 1, peanut cleaning machine, including motor 2 and in the wash bowl 1 of vertical, motor 2 is located at wash bowl 1 Top.It is equipped with the shaft 3 through 1 upper and lower end parts of wash bowl in the inside of wash bowl 1, the output shaft and shaft 3 of motor 2 connect It connects, starts motor 2, output shaft rotates therewith.The inner wall of wash bowl 1 is equipped with the groove 14 of screw thread shape, is fixed in shaft 3 Motion bar 32, the end of motion bar 32, which is connected with, to be matched with groove 14 and can transport along groove 14 with spin 33, spin 33 It is dynamic;When shaft 3 rotates, spin 33 is moved along groove 14, and under the action of motion bar 32, wash bowl 1 moves up and down.Cleaning The lower weld of 1 inner wall of cylinder has filter, which is used to completely cut off the impurity of peanut and deposition.Be provided on wash bowl 1 feed inlet 13, Water outlet 12 and sand outlet 11, feed inlet 13 are located at the top of wash bowl 1, and water outlet 12 is located at the top of filter, and sand outlet 11 are located at 1 bottom of wash bowl.Shaft 3 is equipped with hairbrush and agitating paddle 35, during shaft 3 rotates, hairbrush and agitating paddle 35 are always positioned in wash bowl 1, are scrubbed and are stirred to peanut.Shaft 3 is equipped with gasket, prevents in the movement of shaft 3 Process water flow is flowed out from wash bowl 1.It is provided with multiple openings in shaft 3, sealing-plug 36 is equipped in opening;Wash bowl 1 moves When to extreme lower position, opening is still located at the inside of wash bowl 1.The lower part of shaft 3 is set as transparent viewing section.
Clean peanut before, according to the amount of peanut to be cleaned and peanut contain silt number, estimate and clean up rear mud The height of husky sedimentary calculates the maximum relative displacement of shaft 3 and wash bowl 1, some moves to extreme lower position in opening shaft 3 When the opening that be able to be contacted with sedimentation layer, remaining opening still blocked with sealing-plug 36.By feed inlet 13 toward wash bowl 1 Interior loading peanut, starts motor 2, and motor 2 drives output shaft rotation, during shaft 3 rotates, the motion bar 32 in shaft 3 It is moved along groove 14, wash bowl 1 moves up and down under the action of motion bar 32, and the peanut and water flow in wash bowl 1 are on Lower shake, peanut obtain abundant exercise, each peanut, peanut each surface have an opportunity to be cleaned, peanut can be had Effect cleaning.Peanut is placed on filter, and silt is deposited in the bottom of wash bowl 1 by filter.When needing to judge whether peanut is clear When wash clean, reducing the revolving speed of motor 2 or close motor 2, silt gradually deposits, if peanut cleans up, sedimentation Layer reaches corresponding height, and the silt of sedimentation layer upper surface can be led at this time by being open in the viewing section for entering shaft 3 The amount for crossing sedimentation in observation viewing section can determine whether peanut cleans up.After the completion of cleaning, a period of time is stood, is beaten The mouth of a river 12 is outputed, more clear water flows out from water outlet 12;After water no longer flows out, sand outlet 11 is opened, by wash bowl 1 Interior remaining silt and water discharge.
What has been described above is only an embodiment of the present invention, and the common sense such as well known specific structure and characteristic are not made herein in scheme Excessive description.It, without departing from the structure of the invention, can be with it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art Several modifications and improvements are made, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence what the present invention was implemented Effect and patent practicability.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, in specification The records such as specific embodiment can be used for explaining the content of claim.

Claims (4)

1. peanut cleaning machine, including motor and in the wash bowl of vertical, motor is located at the top of wash bowl;The wash bowl Inside be equipped with the shaft through wash bowl upper and lower end parts, shaft is equipped with hairbrush, and the output shaft of motor connect with shaft;Cleaning The top of cylinder is equipped with feed inlet, and lower part is equipped with water outlet;It is characterized in that, the inner wall of the wash bowl is equipped with the recessed of screw thread shape Slot;It is fixed with motion bar in the shaft, the end of motion bar is connected with spin, spin and matching grooves and can be along recessed Trough roller is dynamic;Lower part in the wash bowl is equipped with the filter for completely cutting off peanut and impurity;The inside of the shaft is provided with cavity, It is provided with the opening that multiple permission silts enter in shaft, is equipped with sealing-plug in opening;The lower part of the shaft is set as transparent Viewing section.
2. peanut cleaning machine as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the shaft is equipped with the stirring being located in wash bowl Paddle.
3. peanut cleaning machine as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the water outlet is located above filter;The cleaning Sand outlet is also provided on cylinder, sand outlet is located at wash bowl bottom.
4. peanut cleaning machine as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the shaft is equipped with gasket.
CN201710220123.XA 2017-04-06 2017-04-06 Peanut cleaning machine Active CN106954868B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710220123.XA CN106954868B (en) 2017-04-06 2017-04-06 Peanut cleaning machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710220123.XA CN106954868B (en) 2017-04-06 2017-04-06 Peanut cleaning machine

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CN106954868A CN106954868A (en) 2017-07-18
CN106954868B true CN106954868B (en) 2019-07-05

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107812602B (en) * 2017-09-26 2021-01-12 湖南磊鑫新材料科技有限公司 Ore washer
CN107597637B (en) * 2017-09-26 2020-10-20 湖南磊鑫新材料科技有限公司 Ore washing system
CN107981377B (en) * 2017-12-05 2020-05-29 罗成喜 Mushroom belt cleaning device
CN108741107B (en) * 2018-04-28 2020-11-24 五河县纬立农业科技有限公司 Morchella cleaning device
CN109156844A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-01-08 塔里木大学 A kind of full-automatic walnut process equipment

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6062428A (en) * 1998-07-29 2000-05-16 Callahan; Sean P. Viscid product dispenser
CN103300459A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-18 雍自威 Drum-type peanut cleaning machine
CN203262241U (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-11-06 泗水县锦川花生食品有限公司 Fresh peanut washing machine
CN104016126A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-09-03 新昌县同德精密机械有限公司 Manipulator for feeding cylindrical or disk-type workpieces
CN105011338A (en) * 2015-07-22 2015-11-04 重庆市双恩农机制造有限公司 Peanut cleaning machine
CN204763310U (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-11-18 江苏楷益智能科技有限公司 Peanut cleaning machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6062428A (en) * 1998-07-29 2000-05-16 Callahan; Sean P. Viscid product dispenser
CN203262241U (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-11-06 泗水县锦川花生食品有限公司 Fresh peanut washing machine
CN103300459A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-18 雍自威 Drum-type peanut cleaning machine
CN104016126A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-09-03 新昌县同德精密机械有限公司 Manipulator for feeding cylindrical or disk-type workpieces
CN204763310U (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-11-18 江苏楷益智能科技有限公司 Peanut cleaning machine
CN105011338A (en) * 2015-07-22 2015-11-04 重庆市双恩农机制造有限公司 Peanut cleaning machine

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