CN106912346A - A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective - Google Patents

A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective Download PDF

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CN106912346A
CN106912346A CN201710084740.1A CN201710084740A CN106912346A CN 106912346 A CN106912346 A CN 106912346A CN 201710084740 A CN201710084740 A CN 201710084740A CN 106912346 A CN106912346 A CN 106912346A
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mango
parts
fruit
planting
dry
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薛德宝
薛建林
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薛德宝
薛建林
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • C05D9/02Other inorganic fertilisers containing trace elements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • C05G5/23Solutions

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective, belong to planting technology field.The plantation obtains including preparation, field planting, trimming and finishing and the big step of field management five before the selection of mango planting site, field planting, the implantation methods can dramatically increase mango fruit-setting rate and yield, improve the uniformity of mango, the mango that plantation is obtained has taste fragrant and sweet, sugar content is high, it is disease-resistant strong, storage tolerance, with preferable economic benefit.The present invention can reduce fertilizer application frequency and irrigation frequency by the water-loss reducer for having the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango using suction, and overcome the problem lacked in dry season water resource, simultaneously, solve the problems, such as caused by winter-spring season relative low temperature and the suitable mango bud differentiation of arid, the florescence of mango early blossoming, the phase of bearing fruit is set to be postponed till 2 months to spring in April by winter in November to January, so as to improve yield and uniformity, it is easy to popularization and application.

Description

A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective
Technical field
The invention belongs to planting technology field, and in particular to a kind of late-maturing mango plantation side of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective Method.
Background technology
Mango (Mangifera indica L.), also known as mango, vast and boundless fruit, vexed fruit, honey are hoped, hope fruit, face fruit and Buddhist nunnery POLO really Deng, belonging to Anacardiaceae (Anacardiaceae) Mangifera (Mangifera L.) aiphyllium, leaf keratin, alternate spends small, yellow Or pale red, basidixed panicle.Mango pulp succulence, excellent in color is tasty, has peach, apricot, Lee and apple etc. concurrently Flavour.It is nutritious, rich in various nutrition such as sugar, protein, crude fibre, carrotene, vitamin C, vitamin E, mineral matter into Divide and trace element.Contain 56.4 ~ 137.5 milligrams of vitamin C per hectogram pulp, up to 189 milligrams for having, sugar content 14% ~ 16%, carbohydrate containing 69.3%.Contain protein 5.6%, fat 16.1% in mango seed.Meanwhile, also there is mango beneficial stomach to help Digest, quench one's thirst, the function of diuresis, ripe mango can pharmaceutically make slow dirt agent and diuretics, seed can then make insecticide and Astringent.
Mango is famous tropical fruit (tree), is described as the king of tropical fruit (tree), is number three in tropical fruit (tree).Originate in Asia India, Burma, Thailand, Indonesia, the band of Philippine one in the continent south torrid zone, Indian have found edible mango, go forward side by side earliest Row cultivation, away from the history that the present is existing more than 4000 years, has been distributed widely in tropical and subtropical region, at present in the world at least More than 85 country's production mango.Wherein India's cultivated area is maximum, more than 1,000,000 hectares, accounts for state's fruit tree gross area 70%, its yield occupies first place in the world.Other main production countries be Thailand, China, Mexico, Pakistan, Indonesia, Philippine, Brazil, Bangladesh, Vietnam etc..World's mango harvest area rises to about 3,690,000 hectares in 2004 from 2,920,000 hectares of 1996, Between 9 years of 1996-2004, about 800,000 hectares are increased altogether, annual growth rate is 8%.Wherein the harvest area of India is most Greatly, the state rises to 1,600,000 hectares in 2004 from 1,300,000 hectares of 1996, account for the 42.2% of world's total yield area. What harvest area occupied second place of the world is China, and 2004 is 41.85 ten thousand hectares, accounts for the 11.3% of world's gross area.China from Between 5 years of 1996-2000, cultivated area increases year by year.Global mango juice yield reaches 15.5 ten thousand tons within 2000, increases within 2013 Long to 26.6 ten thousand tons, 2014 annual productions are 27.1 ten thousand tons.
China torrid zone, subtropical zone plantation mango are with a long history, with southwestern Hainan, the Leizhou in Guangdong and Gaozhou county, Guangxi Nanning and Baise, the Anxi in the river mouth in Yunnan and Fujian, the Taibei of TaiWan, China and Kaohsiung etc. are major production areas.Mango is liked High temperature, dry weather, with wide adaptability, fast-growing be easily long, fruiting period long and the characteristics of economic worth high.Weather conditions not only shadow The yield of mango is rung, and influences the quality of mango and the generation intensity and frequency of pest and disease damage.Mango be the big fruit in the world 5 it One, production scale ranking the 3rd in tropical fruit (tree).China is one of world's mango main production country, and mango plantation is with a long history, according to Textual criticism China has quickly grown since just introducing a fine variety plantation mango, particularly nearly half a century from India since the Tang Dynasty, as the torrid zone The valuable feature agricultural industry in area.Cut-off 2012, China's mango cultivated area reaches 14.84 ten thousand hm2, total output 106.33 Ten thousand tons.
At present, a collection of early, middle and late cooked food kind, such as egg are introduced and cultivated in China various regions to meet its market demand Awns, ivory awns, red awns, Luzon Mang Hetai agriculture 1 etc..Vast mango plantation area is all using development mango plantation as development rural area The important industry that economic, realization is shaken off poverty and set out on the road to prosperity.
The most suitable average annual temperature of mango is 21-27 DEG C, monthly average temperature >=18 DEG C(13 DEG C >=-suitable), absolute lowest temperature>0℃ Area, cold-hartliness is slightly inferior.The most of mango main production countries in the world year sammings all at 25 DEG C or so, most cold monthly average temperature >=18 DEG C, Absolute lowest temperature>5℃.The area that frost generally occurs at the florescence can not develop mango production.Within the scope of suitable temperature, temperature Area produces that the Ripening of Mango Fruit During Storage phase is more early to degree higher, and sugar-acid ratio is higher, and quality is preferable.18-35 DEG C of the effective temperature of mango growth, 24-29 DEG C of Shoot growth optimum temperature, is stopped growing less than 10 DEG C, and cold damage is received less than 3 DEG C of seedling.At the beginning of florescence and young fruit development The temperature of phase is advisable with more than 20 DEG C.It is bad less than this temperature Pollination Fertilization, or even inflorescence is withered, young embryonic death causes Really.It such as it is higher than 37 DEG C, and with dry-air blast, little Hua and young fruit are subjected to and burn day.Flower bud differentiation period should have appropriate low temperature or arid.
Mango Shoot growth, yield positive results with fruit development be required for abundance moisture.But florescence and young sprout growth period There is disease, influence pollination in continuous rainfall, dense fog or air humidity great Yi, and cause dead leaf, withered flower, withered fruit.Fruit development period It is rainy it is easy induce dark mildew and anthracnose, influence fruit appearance, reduce quality, delaying ripening, fruit adopt after also not storage tolerance.
Mango is heliophilous species, and illumination abundance then yields positive results many, and fruit appearance is beautiful, and sugar content is high, quality better storage tolerance. Especially red awns class, when illumination is not enough, red is light or does not appear.
Ye great, the kind being thick with leaves, moderate gale can cause shedding and sprain branch, more than 8 grades can cause a large amount of fallen leaves and Folding branch.Therefore planting mango must build guard system.
Mango is not severe but deep with soil layer to soil requirement, and level of ground water is less than less than 3 meters, and draining is good, subacidity Loam or sandy loam are preferably.
Domestic and foreign experience thinks:21-27 DEG C of year-round average temperature, most more than 12 DEG C of cold moon samming, it is frostless;Annual rainfall is not less than Though 1300 millimeters or arid and have irrigation condition, Winter-Spring is without low temperature overcast and rainy day, and weather is sunny;Soil layer is deep, fertile, draining Well, subacidity or neutrality(PH value 55-70 is relatively adapted to, and mango can be influenceed if soil pH value is more than 75 or less than 5 Grow).This is the development optimal soil environment of mango commodity production.
Commercial production below 600 meters of height above sea level being advisable.But consideration should be combined with the relation of temperature(Thailand's highest sea Pull out is 900 meters).Flat land building well can reduce production cost, but require that draining is good, the hilly and mountainous land requirement gradient 20 degree with Under, and perform erosion and torrent control works.In order to be conducive to mango growth result, convenient management and transport, ground, awns are not striven with grain Orchard is preferably selected in hilly ground in easy flights or slope mountain region on the sunny side, the south orientation hillside fields band of mountain region bottom, these area soil Earth is fertile, and level of ground water is higher, pours water conveniently, and draining is good, is the good region for developing mango.
Kate (kiett) is one variety name of mango, and Kate awns originates in the U.S., title with high yield, high-quality, is U.S. master One of cultivar is wanted, is also the Main Cultivars of TaiWan, China.South China College of Tropical Crops is introduced from the U.S. within 1991, its Main feature:
1. high to connect 2 annual bearings of tree, individual plant is up to 10kg or more.Yielding ability is preferable.
2. fruit ellipse or obovate, there is obvious fruit nose.The purple green of green fruit ash, kermesinus after maturation has light The fruit powder of purple.Pulp is thick, and meat is trickle, greasy cunning, and fiber is few, and taste sweets matter is fairly good.Seed spy is small, only accounts for the 7.5- of fruit weight 8%, plant the obvious projection of rib.It is said that rack steel structure is more long.The kind tree vigo(u)r is strong.Fruit is in oval, pericarp light green sunny slope And fruit shoulder is in pale red, 680 grams of single fruit average weight, the small meat of thin skin core is thick, pulp orange matter, and containing sugar 17%, slow ripe kind is ripe Phase August is to mid-September.
3. pulp mouthfeel is sweet, clear and melodious good to eat, pulp is fine and smooth, also with unique fragrance, can stimulate the appetite of people.Awns Fruits are made up of carbohydrate, protein, fat, carbohydrate etc., and more than 65% is accounted for based on carbohydrate.Mango pulp All kinds of nutriments are needed containing human body, it is medicinal with vitamin A content highest also rich in vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C Value is wide, and mango is cool in nature, sweet acid, enters spleen.
4. good in economic efficiency, fast growth, result are late-maturing in itself, yield is very high and yield is steady for Kate's mango fruit tree It is fixed, and fruit firmly gets liking for consumers in general.Fruit juice, jam, fruit powder, preserved fruit etc. can be processed into, all kinds of consumption are met The diversified demand of person, with high economic worth, if it is good seeds that orchard worker builds up the family fortunes that cultivation is proper.
At present, the Dry-hot Valley Area rain dry season of China is clearly demarcated, and the month in rainy season 6-10, May in November to next year is dry season, winter Relative low temperature and the suitable mango bud differentiation of arid, mango have partial results mother's branch just earing the 11-12 months of last year, opening Flower, if give free rein to bloom beared fruit, because its florescence, the phase of bearing fruit are on the occasion of winter, meets with low temperature, causes fruit drop or list Property it is solid, cause to yield poorly or without yield, at the same early blossoming need to be carried out powdery mildew, thrips etc. preventing and treating, increased production cost and The residual pollution of agriculture;And during dry season, water resource lacks, soil water-reataining fertilizer-keeping ability, traditional fertilising and sprinkling method is wasted time and energy, And liquid manure utilization ratio is low, the lifting of serious restriction Mango Output and quality.Therefore how to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art is mesh The problem of preceding planting technology field urgent need to resolve.
The content of the invention
The invention aims to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective is late-maturing Mango implantation methods, the method can dramatically increase mango fruit-setting rate and yield, the uniformity of mango be improved, with preferable economy Benefit.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective, comprise the following steps:
Step(1), the selection of mango planting site:In Dry-hot Valley Area, soil thickness >=1.3m is selected, soil pH is 5.5-7, Height above sea level 900m-1800m, annual rainfall 700-2000mm, 15 DEG C -23 DEG C of average annual temperature, the gradient is the hillside fields of 20-40 degree as awns Fruit planting site;
Step(2), prepare before field planting:Water-loss reducer is placed in 100-200 times of liquid of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango and is dipped to water suction times Rate is 120-150, obtains gel;Dig cave, planting pit 80-100cm wide, deep 85-100cm within 15-20 days before field planting;
Step(3), field planting:It is colonized in month in spring 3-4;First by step(2)The gel for obtaining is according to 0.35-0.4 After liter/strain is mixed thoroughly with cave ins and outs soil, planting pit bottom is placed in, forms water conservation layer, the thickness of water conservation layer is 15-25cm;Afterwards again One layer of covering 2-4cm thick fine earth, is then colonized by spacing in the rows 3-3.5m, line-spacing 4-4.5m, during field planting, uses what is become thoroughly decomposed per cave Farm manure 25-30kg, the potash fertilizer that phosphorates 0.6-0.75kg and topsoil are backfilled to native face higher than original ground 15-20cm after being mixed;
Step(4), trimming and finishing:As height of seedling 60-70cm, pinched, the branch that 3-5 bars stalwartness is retained by pruning is used as One-level limb;After the growth of one-level limb produces branch, made by pruning the healthy and strong branch of reservation 2-3 bars on each one-level limb It is two grades of limbs;Overstocked branch, cloudy weak branch, sick branch, intersection, overlap and the branch of excessive growth are removed in mid or late October;
Step(5), field management:After after second physiological fallen fruit, each inflorescence retains the consistent fruit of 2-4 development degree, Remaining whole is wiped out, and malformed fruit, disease pest fruit and fasciation is not contained in the fruit of reservation really, afterwards bagging;Meanwhile, every plant is applied urea 0.5-1kg and potassium nitrate 0.5-1kg;
Second Year starts after field planting, and annual 2-3 months topdress once, sprays 500-800 times of liquid 0.8- of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango 1.2L/ plants.
It is further preferred that step(2)Described water-loss reducer uses acrylamide and acrylic acid potassium crosslinking copolymerization thing.
It is further preferred that step(5)The fruit bag type that described bagging is used is single-layer bicolor fruit bag.
It is further preferred that step(5)When topdressing, the afternoon 15 of fair weather is selected:Carried out after 00.
It is further preferred that the preparation method of the special Water soluble fertilizer of described mango is as follows:
S1. in parts by weight, the 10-12 parts of extraction of steviosides residual leaf of remaining stevia rebaudianum is placed in 40-50 parts of 60-80 DEG C In water, ultrasonic 1-2h, filtering takes filtrate, obtains the first extract solution;
S2. in parts by weight, haematococcus pluvialis 4-8 parts is carried out below -4 DEG C freezing and ice crystal, it is then that its is broken Into powder, be added to afterwards in 20-30 parts of water carries out moment super-pressure broken wall with high-pressure homogeneous nanometer machine, obtains broken wall feed liquid;
S3. in parts by weight, 1-2 parts of citric acid waste is added in 8-10 parts of water, ultrasonic 0.5-1h, is filtered, take filtrate, Obtain the second extract solution;
S4. by the first extract solution, broken wall feed liquid and the second extract solution according to volume ratio be 1:1:1 is well mixed, and obtains compound Liquid;
S5. in parts by weight, to 0.03-0.05 parts of sodium molybdate of addition, EM bacterium powders 0.5-1 in 100-120 parts of mixed liquor 0.1-0.3 parts of part, 2,1-3 parts of epihydric acid 2 potassium and a- Nafusakus, stand 20-30min after mixing, filter, and take filtrate, i.e., Obtain the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.
It is further preferred that the broken wall pressure described in S2 is 120mpa-130mpa.
It is further preferred that described Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica is Kate's mango.
The present invention inhales the water-loss reducer for having the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango by using, and has one section of distance with plant, so may be used To cause, plant draws required fertilizer when fertilizer is lacked from inhaling and having the water-loss reducer of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango;In rainy season, inhale The water-loss reducer for having the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango can further absorb water, and reach a function for water storage, in dry season, when water resource lacks Reactive volt-ampere hour, plant can have a water-loss reducer of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango and absorb required moisture by inhaling, so as to avoid winter-spring season relative Problem caused by low temperature and the suitable mango bud differentiation of arid.
Compared with prior art, its advantage is the present invention:
Highly effective late-maturing mango implantation methods in Dry-hot Valley Area of the present invention can dramatically increase mango fruit-setting rate and yield, improve The uniformity of mango, with preferable economic benefit.
Compared with existing conventional method, the uniformity in same kind fruit maturation period improves 40% left side in same Mango Fruit Garden It is right;Mango per mu yield improves 200-300kg;
The present invention can reduce fertilizer application frequency and irrigation frequency by the water-loss reducer for having the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango using suction, and overcome In the problem that dry season water resource lacks, meanwhile, solve caused by winter relative low temperature and the suitable mango bud differentiation of arid Problem, the florescence of mango early blossoming, the phase of bearing fruit is postponed till 2 months to spring in April by winter in November to January, so as to improve Yield and uniformity;
The mango of present invention plantation has taste fragrant and sweet, and sugar content is high, disease-resistant strong, storage tolerance;The mango prepared using the present invention is special After Water soluble fertilizer, sugar content increased, and disease resistance is more excellent;
The present invention substantially reduces human cost due to reducing fertilizer application frequency, irrigation frequency and sorting work amount, with preferably warp Ji benefit, it is easy to popularization and application.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
It will be understood to those of skill in the art that the following example is merely to illustrate the present invention, and should not be regarded as limiting this hair Bright scope.In the examples where no specific technique or condition is specified, according to the technology or condition described by document in the art Or carried out according to product description.Material therefor, reagent or the unreceipted production firm person of instrument, being can be obtained by purchase The conventional products for obtaining.
The method not described in the present invention conventionally, such as pest management, water management.When water money When source lacks, provided according to local routine techniques condition.
Signified fine earth is that particle diameter is more than or equal to 0.075mm but the particle less than 60mm in the present invention(Coarse grain group)Content is not Soil more than 25%.
Signified topsoil is the deep soil layer no more than 25 centimetres in the present invention.
Phosphorus potash fertilizer of the invention signified is common commercial products, for product model etc. without particular/special requirement.Phosphorus potash fertilizer is Finger will contain(Phosphorus)Potassium ore is crushed to the mesh of fineness about 100, tails over less than 15%, enriched, high-temperature sterilization treatment;It is equipped with peat, fine jade Fat, glucose, sulfate, ammonium salt, molybdenum salt, bacterium material etc. are auxiliary material, and its ratio is miberal powder: auxiliary material=85~95: 2.2~5;Through matching somebody with somebody Biochemical reaction is carried out after material in the reactor.After the completion of reaction, granulated by proportioning, be can be made into containing P after granulation2O5-K2O is more than 20% biology(Phosphorus)Potash fertilizer.The phosphorus potash fertilizer used in the present embodiment is purchased from Hebei Min get Fu Bioisystech Co., Ltd, trade name It is " people obtain rich " board biology phosphorus potash fertilizer (granule).
The special Water soluble fertilizer of mango is not limited to the commodity obtained by preparation method of the present invention in the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective, comprise the following steps:
Step(1), the selection of mango planting site:In Dry-hot Valley Area, soil thickness >=1.3m is selected, soil pH is 5.5-7, Height above sea level 900m-1800m, annual rainfall 700-2000mm, 15 DEG C -23 DEG C of average annual temperature, the gradient is the hillside fields of 20-40 degree as awns Fruit planting site;
Step(2), prepare before field planting:Water-loss reducer is placed in 100 times of liquid of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango and is dipped to water absorbent rate and is 120, obtain gel;Field planting digs cave, planting pit 80-90cm wide, deep 85-90cm in first 15 days;
Step(3), field planting:It is colonized in March in spring;First by step(2)The gel for obtaining according to 0.35 liter/plant with After cave ins and outs soil is mixed thoroughly, planting pit bottom is placed in, forms water conservation layer, the thickness of water conservation layer is 15-20cm;Cover 2- again afterwards One layer of 3cm thick fine earth, is then colonized by spacing in the rows 3-3.5m, line-spacing 4-4.5m, during field planting, per cave with the farm manure for becoming thoroughly decomposed 25kg, the potash fertilizer that phosphorates 0.75kg and topsoil are backfilled to native face higher than original ground 18-20cm after being mixed;
Step(4), trimming and finishing:As height of seedling 60-70cm, pinched, the branch that 3-5 bars stalwartness is retained by pruning is used as One-level limb;After the growth of one-level limb produces branch, made by pruning the healthy and strong branch of reservation 2-3 bars on each one-level limb It is two grades of limbs;Overstocked branch, cloudy weak branch, sick branch, intersection, overlap and the branch of excessive growth are removed in mid or late October;
Step(5), field management:After after second physiological fallen fruit, each inflorescence retains the consistent fruit of 2-4 development degree, Remaining whole is wiped out, and malformed fruit, disease pest fruit and fasciation is not contained in the fruit of reservation really, afterwards bagging;Meanwhile, every plant is applied urea 0.5kg and potassium nitrate 0.5kg;
Second Year starts after field planting, and annual 2 month topdresses once, sprays 500 times liquid 0.8L/ plants of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.
Wherein, the special Water soluble fertilizer of the mango of use irrigates sharp plump industry Co., Ltd, trade name mango purchased from Shandong Zibo Special water-soluble fertilizer containing amino acid.
Embodiment 2
A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective, comprise the following steps:
Step(1), the selection of mango planting site:In Dry-hot Valley Area, soil thickness >=1.3m is selected, soil pH is 5.5-7, Height above sea level 900m-1800m, annual rainfall 700-2000mm, 15 DEG C -23 DEG C of average annual temperature, the gradient is the hillside fields of 20-40 degree as awns Fruit planting site;
Step(2), prepare before field planting:Water-loss reducer is placed in 200 times of liquid of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango and is dipped to water absorbent rate and is 150, obtain gel;Field planting digs cave, planting pit 90-100cm wide, deep 90-100cm in first 20 days;Described water-loss reducer uses third Acrylamide-potassium acrylate crosslinking copolymerization thing;
Step(3), field planting:It is colonized in April in spring;First by step(2)The gel for obtaining according to 0.4 liter/plant with After cave ins and outs soil is mixed thoroughly, planting pit bottom is placed in, forms water conservation layer, the thickness of water conservation layer is 20-25cm;Cover 3- again afterwards One layer of 4cm thick fine earth, is then colonized by spacing in the rows 3-3.5m, line-spacing 4-4.5m, during field planting, per cave with the farm manure for becoming thoroughly decomposed 30kg, the potash fertilizer that phosphorates 0.6kg and topsoil are backfilled to native face higher than original ground 15-16cm after being mixed;
Step(4), trimming and finishing:As height of seedling 60-70cm, pinched, the branch that 3-5 bars stalwartness is retained by pruning is used as One-level limb;After the growth of one-level limb produces branch, made by pruning the healthy and strong branch of reservation 2-3 bars on each one-level limb It is two grades of limbs;Overstocked branch, cloudy weak branch, sick branch, intersection, overlap and the branch of excessive growth are removed in mid or late October;
Step(5), field management:After after second physiological fallen fruit, each inflorescence retains the consistent fruit of 2-4 development degree, Remaining whole is wiped out, and malformed fruit, disease pest fruit and fasciation is not contained in the fruit of reservation really, afterwards bagging;Meanwhile, every plant is applied urea 1kg and potassium nitrate 1kg;
Second Year starts after field planting, and annual March topdresses once, sprays 800 times liquid 1.2L/ plants of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.Chase after When fertile, the afternoon 15 of fair weather is selected:Carried out after 00.
The preparation method of the special Water soluble fertilizer of described mango is as follows:
S1. in parts by weight, 10 parts of extraction of steviosides residual leaves of remaining stevia rebaudianum are placed in 60 DEG C of 40 parts of water, ultrasound 1h, filtering, takes filtrate, obtains the first extract solution;
S2. in parts by weight, 4 parts of haematococcus pluvialis are carried out into freezing and ice crystal below -4 DEG C, is then broken into Powder, being added to afterwards in 20 parts of water carries out moment super-pressure broken wall with high-pressure homogeneous nanometer machine, and broken wall pressure is 120mpa- 130mpa, obtains broken wall feed liquid;
S3. in parts by weight, 1 part of citric acid waste is added in 8 parts of water, ultrasonic 0.5h, is filtered, take filtrate, obtain the Two extract solutions;
S4. by the first extract solution, broken wall feed liquid and the second extract solution according to volume ratio be 1:1:1 is well mixed, and obtains compound Liquid;
S5. in parts by weight, to 0.03 part of sodium molybdate of addition, 0.5 part of EM bacterium powders, 2,3- epoxies in 100 parts of mixed liquors 0.1 part of 1 part of potassium propionate and a- Nafusakus, stand 20min after mixing, filter, and take filtrate, obtain final product the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.
Embodiment 3
A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective, comprise the following steps:
Step(1), the selection of mango planting site:In Dry-hot Valley Area, soil thickness >=1.3m is selected, soil pH is 5.5-7, Height above sea level 900m-1800m, annual rainfall 700-2000mm, 15 DEG C -23 DEG C of average annual temperature, the gradient is the hillside fields of 20-40 degree as awns Fruit planting site;
Step(2), prepare before field planting:Water-loss reducer is placed in 150 times of liquid of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango and is dipped to water absorbent rate and is 135, obtain gel;Field planting digs cave, planting pit 85-95cm wide, deep 88-98cm in first 18 days;Described water-loss reducer uses propylene Acid amides-potassium acrylate crosslinking copolymerization thing;
Step(3), field planting:It is colonized in month in spring 3-4;First by step(2)The gel for obtaining is according to 0.37 liter/plant After being mixed thoroughly with cave ins and outs soil, planting pit bottom is placed in, forms water conservation layer, the thickness of water conservation layer is 15-25cm;Cover again afterwards One layer of 2.5-3.5cm thick fine earth, is then colonized by spacing in the rows 3-3.5m, line-spacing 4-4.5m, during field planting, uses what is become thoroughly decomposed per cave Farm manure 28kg, the potash fertilizer that phosphorates 0.7kg and topsoil are backfilled to native face higher than original ground 16-18cm after being mixed;
Step(4), trimming and finishing:As height of seedling 60-70cm, pinched, the branch that 3-5 bars stalwartness is retained by pruning is used as One-level limb;After the growth of one-level limb produces branch, made by pruning the healthy and strong branch of reservation 2-3 bars on each one-level limb It is two grades of limbs;Overstocked branch, cloudy weak branch, sick branch, intersection, overlap and the branch of excessive growth are removed in mid or late October;
Step(5), field management:After after second physiological fallen fruit, each inflorescence retains the consistent fruit of 2-4 development degree, Remaining whole is wiped out, and malformed fruit, disease pest fruit and fasciation is not contained in the fruit of reservation really, afterwards bagging, the fruit bag that bagging is used Type is single-layer bicolor fruit bag;Meanwhile, every plant is applied urea 0.8kg and potassium nitrate 0.7kg;
Second Year starts after field planting, and annual 2-3 months topdress once, sprays 700 times liquid 1L/ plants of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.Chase after When fertile, the afternoon 15 of fair weather is selected:Carried out after 00.
The preparation method of the special Water soluble fertilizer of described mango is as follows:
S1. in parts by weight, 12 parts of extraction of steviosides residual leaves of remaining stevia rebaudianum are placed in 80 DEG C of 50 parts of water, ultrasound 2h, filtering, takes filtrate, obtains the first extract solution;
S2. in parts by weight, 8 parts of haematococcus pluvialis are carried out into freezing and ice crystal below -4 DEG C, is then broken into Powder, being added to afterwards in 30 parts of water carries out moment super-pressure broken wall with high-pressure homogeneous nanometer machine, and broken wall pressure is 120mpa- 130mpa, obtains broken wall feed liquid;
S3. in parts by weight, 2 parts of citric acid wastes are added in 10 parts of water, ultrasonic 1h, are filtered, take filtrate, obtain second Extract solution;
S4. by the first extract solution, broken wall feed liquid and the second extract solution according to volume ratio be 1:1:1 is well mixed, and obtains compound Liquid;
S5. in parts by weight, to 0.05 part of sodium molybdate of addition, 1 part of EM bacterium powders, 2,3- epoxies third in 120 parts of mixed liquors 0.3 part of 3 parts of sour potassium and a- Nafusakus, stand 30min after mixing, filter, and take filtrate, obtain final product the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.
Embodiment 4
A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective, comprise the following steps:
Step(1), the selection of mango planting site:In Dry-hot Valley Area, soil thickness >=1.3m is selected, soil pH is 5.5-7, Height above sea level 900m-1800m, annual rainfall 700-2000mm, 15 DEG C -23 DEG C of average annual temperature, the gradient is the hillside fields of 20-40 degree as awns Fruit planting site;
Step(2), prepare before field planting:Water-loss reducer is placed in 160 times of liquid of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango and is dipped to water absorbent rate and is 140, obtain gel;Dig cave, planting pit 80-100cm wide, deep 85-100cm within 15-20 days before field planting;Described water-loss reducer is used Acrylamide and acrylic acid potassium crosslinking copolymerization thing;
Step(3), field planting:It is colonized in month in spring 3-4;First by step(2)The gel for obtaining is according to 0.38 liter/plant After being mixed thoroughly with cave ins and outs soil, planting pit bottom is placed in, forms water conservation layer, the thickness of water conservation layer is 15-25cm;Cover 2- again afterwards One layer of 4cm thick fine earth, is then colonized by spacing in the rows 3-3.5m, line-spacing 4-4.5m, during field planting, per cave with the farm manure for becoming thoroughly decomposed 28kg, the potash fertilizer that phosphorates 0.72kg and topsoil are backfilled to native face higher than original ground 15-20cm after being mixed;
Step(4), trimming and finishing:As height of seedling 60-70cm, pinched, the branch that 3-5 bars stalwartness is retained by pruning is used as One-level limb;After the growth of one-level limb produces branch, made by pruning the healthy and strong branch of reservation 2-3 bars on each one-level limb It is two grades of limbs;Overstocked branch, cloudy weak branch, sick branch, intersection, overlap and the branch of excessive growth are removed in mid or late October;
Step(5), field management:After after second physiological fallen fruit, each inflorescence retains the consistent fruit of 2-4 development degree, Remaining whole is wiped out, and malformed fruit, disease pest fruit and fasciation is not contained in the fruit of reservation really, afterwards bagging;Meanwhile, every plant is applied urea 0.75kg and potassium nitrate 0.89kg;
Second Year starts after field planting, and annual 2-3 months topdress once, sprays 600 times liquid 0.9L/ plants of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango. When topdressing, the afternoon 15 of fair weather is selected:Carried out after 00.
The preparation method of the special Water soluble fertilizer of described mango is as follows:
S1. in parts by weight, 11 parts of extraction of steviosides residual leaves of remaining stevia rebaudianum are placed in 70 DEG C of 75 parts of water, ultrasound 1.5h, filtering, takes filtrate, obtains the first extract solution;
S2. in parts by weight, 6 parts of haematococcus pluvialis are carried out into freezing and ice crystal below -4 DEG C, is then broken into Powder, being added to afterwards in 25 parts of water carries out moment super-pressure broken wall with high-pressure homogeneous nanometer machine, and broken wall pressure is 120mpa- 130mpa, obtains broken wall feed liquid;
S3. in parts by weight, 1.5 parts of citric acid wastes are added in 9 parts of water, ultrasonic 0.8h, are filtered, take filtrate, obtained Second extract solution;
S4. by the first extract solution, broken wall feed liquid and the second extract solution according to volume ratio be 1:1:1 is well mixed, and obtains compound Liquid;
S5. in parts by weight, to 0.045 part of sodium molybdate of addition, 0.7 part of EM bacterium powders, 2,3- epoxies in 110 parts of mixed liquors 0.2 part of 2 parts of potassium propionate and a- Nafusakus, stand 25min after mixing, filter, and take filtrate, obtain final product the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.
Described Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica is Kate's mango.
Embodiment 5
Embodiment 5 is with the difference of embodiment 1:The special Water soluble fertilizer of mango of use is different, and the mango that the present embodiment is used is special Preparation method with Water soluble fertilizer is as follows:
S1. in parts by weight, 11 parts of extraction of steviosides residual leaves of remaining stevia rebaudianum are placed in 70 DEG C of 75 parts of water, ultrasound 1.5h, filtering, takes filtrate, obtains the first extract solution;
S2. in parts by weight, 6 parts of haematococcus pluvialis are carried out into freezing and ice crystal below -4 DEG C, is then broken into Powder, being added to afterwards in 25 parts of water carries out moment super-pressure broken wall with high-pressure homogeneous nanometer machine, and broken wall pressure is 120mpa- 130mpa, obtains broken wall feed liquid;
S3. in parts by weight, 1.5 parts of citric acid wastes are added in 9 parts of water, ultrasonic 0.8h, are filtered, take filtrate, obtained Second extract solution;
S4. by the first extract solution, broken wall feed liquid and the second extract solution according to volume ratio be 1:1:1 is well mixed, and obtains compound Liquid;
S5. in parts by weight, to 0.045 part of sodium molybdate of addition, 0.7 part of EM bacterium powders, 2,3- epoxies in 110 parts of mixed liquors 0.2 part of 2 parts of potassium propionate and a- Nafusakus, stand 25min after mixing, filter, and take filtrate, obtain final product the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.
Comparative example 1
Comparative example 1 is with the difference of embodiment 4:Water-loss reducer is not used, without water conservation layer.It is specific as follows:
A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective, comprise the following steps:
Step(1), the selection of mango planting site:In Dry-hot Valley Area, soil thickness >=1.3m is selected, soil pH is 5.5-7, Height above sea level 900m-1800m, annual rainfall 700-2000mm, 15 DEG C -23 DEG C of average annual temperature, the gradient is the hillside fields of 20-40 degree as awns Fruit planting site;
Step(2), prepare before field planting:Dig cave, planting pit 80-100cm wide, deep 85-100cm within 15-20 days before field planting;Described guarantor Aqua uses acrylamide and acrylic acid potassium crosslinking copolymerization thing;
Step(3), field planting:It is colonized in month in spring 3-4;Cave ins and outs soil is placed in planting pit bottom first, fine earth is formed Layer, thin the thickness of the layer is 15-25cm;One layer of thick fine earth of 2-4cm is covered again afterwards, then by spacing in the rows 3-3.5m, line-spacing 4- 4.5m is colonized, and during field planting, is backfilled to after being mixed with the farm manure 28kg, the potash fertilizer that phosphorates 0.72kg and topsoil that become thoroughly decomposed per cave Native face is higher than original ground 15-20cm;
Step(4), trimming and finishing:As height of seedling 60-70cm, pinched, the branch that 3-5 bars stalwartness is retained by pruning is used as One-level limb;After the growth of one-level limb produces branch, made by pruning the healthy and strong branch of reservation 2-3 bars on each one-level limb It is two grades of limbs;Overstocked branch, cloudy weak branch, sick branch, intersection, overlap and the branch of excessive growth are removed in mid or late October;
Step(5), field management:After after second physiological fallen fruit, each inflorescence retains the consistent fruit of 2-4 development degree, Remaining whole is wiped out, and malformed fruit, disease pest fruit and fasciation is not contained in the fruit of reservation really, afterwards bagging;Meanwhile, every plant is applied urea 0.75kg and potassium nitrate 0.89kg;
Second Year starts after field planting, and annual 2-3 months topdress once, sprays 600 times liquid 0.9L/ plants of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango. When topdressing, the afternoon 15 of fair weather is selected:Carried out after 00.
The preparation method of the special Water soluble fertilizer of described mango is as follows:
S1. in parts by weight, 11 parts of extraction of steviosides residual leaves of remaining stevia rebaudianum are placed in 70 DEG C of 75 parts of water, ultrasound 1.5h, filtering, takes filtrate, obtains the first extract solution;
S2. in parts by weight, 6 parts of haematococcus pluvialis are carried out into freezing and ice crystal below -4 DEG C, is then broken into Powder, being added to afterwards in 25 parts of water carries out moment super-pressure broken wall with high-pressure homogeneous nanometer machine, and broken wall pressure is 120mpa- 130mpa, obtains broken wall feed liquid;
S3. in parts by weight, 1.5 parts of citric acid wastes are added in 9 parts of water, ultrasonic 0.8h, are filtered, take filtrate, obtained Second extract solution;
S4. by the first extract solution, broken wall feed liquid and the second extract solution according to volume ratio be 1:1:1 is well mixed, and obtains compound Liquid;
S5. in parts by weight, to 0.045 part of sodium molybdate of addition, 0.7 part of EM bacterium powders, 2,3- epoxies in 110 parts of mixed liquors 0.2 part of 2 parts of potassium propionate and a- Nafusakus, stand 25min after mixing, filter, and take filtrate, obtain final product the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.
Described Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica is Kate's mango.
Comparative example 2
Comparative example 2 is with the difference of embodiment 4:Topdress using the farm manure for becoming thoroughly decomposed, consumption is every plant of 20kg.It is specific as follows:
A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective, comprise the following steps:
Step(1), the selection of mango planting site:In Dry-hot Valley Area, soil thickness >=1.3m is selected, soil pH is 5.5-7, Height above sea level 900m-1800m, annual rainfall 700-2000mm, 15 DEG C -23 DEG C of average annual temperature, the gradient is the hillside fields of 20-40 degree as awns Fruit planting site;
Step(2), prepare before field planting:Water-loss reducer is placed in 160 times of liquid of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango and is dipped to water absorbent rate and is 140, obtain gel;Dig cave, planting pit 80-100cm wide, deep 85-100cm within 15-20 days before field planting;Described water-loss reducer is used Acrylamide and acrylic acid potassium crosslinking copolymerization thing;
Step(3), field planting:It is colonized in month in spring 3-4;First by step(2)The gel for obtaining is according to 0.38 liter/plant After being mixed thoroughly with cave ins and outs soil, planting pit bottom is placed in, forms water conservation layer, the thickness of water conservation layer is 15-25cm;Cover 2- again afterwards One layer of 4cm thick fine earth, is then colonized by spacing in the rows 3-3.5m, line-spacing 4-4.5m, during field planting, per cave with the farm manure for becoming thoroughly decomposed 28kg, the potash fertilizer that phosphorates 0.72kg and topsoil are backfilled to native face higher than original ground 15-20cm after being mixed;
Step(4), trimming and finishing:As height of seedling 60-70cm, pinched, the branch that 3-5 bars stalwartness is retained by pruning is used as One-level limb;After the growth of one-level limb produces branch, made by pruning the healthy and strong branch of reservation 2-3 bars on each one-level limb It is two grades of limbs;Overstocked branch, cloudy weak branch, sick branch, intersection, overlap and the branch of excessive growth are removed in mid or late October;
Step(5), field management:After after second physiological fallen fruit, each inflorescence retains the consistent fruit of 2-4 development degree, Remaining whole is wiped out, and malformed fruit, disease pest fruit and fasciation is not contained in the fruit of reservation really, afterwards bagging;Meanwhile, every plant is applied urea 0.75kg and potassium nitrate 0.89kg;
Second Year starts after field planting, and annual 2-3 months topdress once, and using the farm manure for becoming thoroughly decomposed, consumption is every plant of 20kg.Topdress When, select the afternoon 15 of fair weather:Carried out after 00.
The preparation method of the special Water soluble fertilizer of described mango is as follows:
S1. in parts by weight, 11 parts of extraction of steviosides residual leaves of remaining stevia rebaudianum are placed in 70 DEG C of 75 parts of water, ultrasound 1.5h, filtering, takes filtrate, obtains the first extract solution;
S2. in parts by weight, 6 parts of haematococcus pluvialis are carried out into freezing and ice crystal below -4 DEG C, is then broken into Powder, being added to afterwards in 25 parts of water carries out moment super-pressure broken wall with high-pressure homogeneous nanometer machine, and broken wall pressure is 120mpa- 130mpa, obtains broken wall feed liquid;
S3. in parts by weight, 1.5 parts of citric acid wastes are added in 9 parts of water, ultrasonic 0.8h, are filtered, take filtrate, obtained Second extract solution;
S4. by the first extract solution, broken wall feed liquid and the second extract solution according to volume ratio be 1:1:1 is well mixed, and obtains compound Liquid;
S5. in parts by weight, to 0.045 part of sodium molybdate of addition, 0.7 part of EM bacterium powders, 2,3- epoxies in 110 parts of mixed liquors 0.2 part of 2 parts of potassium propionate and a- Nafusakus, stand 25min after mixing, filter, and take filtrate, obtain final product the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.
Described Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica is Kate's mango.
Comparative example 3
Comparative example 3 is with the difference of embodiment 5:Do not use extraction of steviosides remaining in the special Water soluble fertilizer preparation process of mango The residual leaf of stevia rebaudianum.The preparation method of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango that this comparative example is used is as follows:
S1. in parts by weight, 6 parts of haematococcus pluvialis are carried out into freezing and ice crystal below -4 DEG C, is then broken into Powder, being added to afterwards in 25 parts of water carries out moment super-pressure broken wall with high-pressure homogeneous nanometer machine, and broken wall pressure is 120mpa- 130mpa, obtains broken wall feed liquid;
S2. in parts by weight, 1.5 parts of citric acid wastes are added in 9 parts of water, ultrasonic 0.8h, are filtered, take filtrate, obtained Second extract solution;
S3. it is 1 according to volume ratio by broken wall feed liquid and the second extract solution:1 is well mixed, and obtains mixed liquor;
S4. in parts by weight, to 0.045 part of sodium molybdate of addition, 0.7 part of EM bacterium powders, 2,3- epoxies in 110 parts of mixed liquors 0.2 part of 2 parts of potassium propionate and a- Nafusakus, stand 25min after mixing, filter, and take filtrate, obtain final product the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.
Comparative example 4
Comparative example 4 is with the difference of embodiment 5:Citric acid waste is not used in the special Water soluble fertilizer preparation process of mango.This contrast The preparation method of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango that example is used is as follows:
S1. in parts by weight, 11 parts of extraction of steviosides residual leaves of remaining stevia rebaudianum are placed in 70 DEG C of 75 parts of water, ultrasound 1.5h, filtering, takes filtrate, obtains the first extract solution;
S2. in parts by weight, 6 parts of haematococcus pluvialis are carried out into freezing and ice crystal below -4 DEG C, is then broken into Powder, being added to afterwards in 25 parts of water carries out moment super-pressure broken wall with high-pressure homogeneous nanometer machine, and broken wall pressure is 120mpa- 130mpa, obtains broken wall feed liquid;
S3. it is 1 according to volume ratio by the first extract solution, broken wall feed liquid:1 is well mixed, and obtains mixed liquor;
S4. in parts by weight, to 0.045 part of sodium molybdate of addition, 0.7 part of EM bacterium powders, 2,3- epoxies in 110 parts of mixed liquors 0.2 part of 2 parts of potassium propionate and a- Nafusakus, stand 25min after mixing, filter, and take filtrate, obtain final product the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.
Comparative example 5
Comparative example 5 is with the difference of embodiment 5:Haematococcus pluvialis are not used in the special Water soluble fertilizer preparation process of mango.This is right The preparation method of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango that ratio is used is as follows:
S1. in parts by weight, 11 parts of extraction of steviosides residual leaves of remaining stevia rebaudianum are placed in 70 DEG C of 75 parts of water, ultrasound 1.5h, filtering, takes filtrate, obtains the first extract solution;
S2. in parts by weight, 1.5 parts of citric acid wastes are added in 9 parts of water, ultrasonic 0.8h, are filtered, take filtrate, obtained Second extract solution;
S3. it is 1 according to volume ratio by the first extract solution, the second extract solution:1 is well mixed, and obtains mixed liquor;
S4. in parts by weight, to 0.045 part of sodium molybdate of addition, 0.7 part of EM bacterium powders, 2,3- epoxies in 110 parts of mixed liquors 0.2 part of 2 parts of potassium propionate and a- Nafusakus, stand 25min after mixing, filter, and take filtrate, obtain final product the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.
Kate's mango is cultivated using embodiment of the present invention 1-5 methods and comparative example 1-5 methods respectively, as a result as shown in table 1.
Table 1
As shown in Table 1, the effect of embodiment of the present invention 1-5 is superior to comparative example 1-5, and from contrast, it can be seen that the present invention Dispensing in each step of preparation method of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango has good compatibility effect.
General principle of the invention, principal character and advantages of the present invention has been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, simply explanation described in above-described embodiment and specification this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appending claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (12)

1. late-maturing mango implantation methods of a kind of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step(1), the selection of mango planting site:In Dry-hot Valley Area, soil thickness >=1.3m is selected, soil pH is 5.5-7, Height above sea level 900m-1800m, annual rainfall 700-2000mm, 15 DEG C -23 DEG C of average annual temperature, the gradient is the hillside fields of 20-40 degree as awns Fruit planting site;
Step(2), prepare before field planting:Water-loss reducer is placed in 100-200 times of liquid of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango and is dipped to water suction times Rate is 120-150, obtains gel;Dig cave, planting pit 80-100cm wide, deep 85-100cm within 15-20 days before field planting;
Step(3), field planting:It is colonized in month in spring 3-4;First by step(2)The gel for obtaining is according to 0.35-0.4 After liter/strain is mixed thoroughly with cave ins and outs soil, planting pit bottom is placed in, forms water conservation layer, the thickness of water conservation layer is 15-25cm;Afterwards again One layer of covering 2-4cm thick fine earth, is then colonized by spacing in the rows 3-3.5m, line-spacing 4-4.5m, during field planting, uses what is become thoroughly decomposed per cave Farm manure 25-30kg, the potash fertilizer that phosphorates 0.6-0.75kg and topsoil are backfilled to native face higher than original ground 15-20cm after being mixed;
Step(4), trimming and finishing:As height of seedling 60-70cm, pinched, the branch that 3-5 bars stalwartness is retained by pruning is used as One-level limb;After the growth of one-level limb produces branch, made by pruning the healthy and strong branch of reservation 2-3 bars on each one-level limb It is two grades of limbs;Overstocked branch, cloudy weak branch, sick branch, intersection, overlap and the branch of excessive growth are removed in mid or late October;
Step(5), field management:After after second physiological fallen fruit, each inflorescence retains the consistent fruit of 2-4 development degree, Remaining whole is wiped out, and malformed fruit, disease pest fruit and fasciation is not contained in the fruit of reservation really, afterwards bagging;Meanwhile, every plant is applied urea 0.5-1kg and potassium nitrate 0.5-1kg;
Second Year starts after field planting, and annual 2-3 months topdress once, sprays 500-800 times of liquid 0.8- of the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango 1.2L/ plants.
2. late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step (2)Described water-loss reducer uses acrylamide and acrylic acid potassium crosslinking copolymerization thing.
3. late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step (5)The fruit bag type that described bagging is used is single-layer bicolor fruit bag.
4. late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step (5)When topdressing, the afternoon 15 of fair weather is selected:Carried out after 00.
5. late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described The special Water soluble fertilizer of mango preparation method it is as follows:
S1. in parts by weight, the 10-12 parts of extraction of steviosides residual leaf of remaining stevia rebaudianum is placed in 40-50 parts of 60-80 DEG C In water, ultrasonic 1-2h, filtering takes filtrate, obtains the first extract solution;
S2. in parts by weight, haematococcus pluvialis 4-8 parts is carried out below -4 DEG C freezing and ice crystal, it is then that its is broken Into powder, be added to afterwards in 20-30 parts of water carries out moment super-pressure broken wall with high-pressure homogeneous nanometer machine, obtains broken wall feed liquid;
S3. in parts by weight, 1-2 parts of citric acid waste is added in 8-10 parts of water, ultrasonic 0.5-1h, is filtered, take filtrate, Obtain the second extract solution;
S4. by the first extract solution, broken wall feed liquid and the second extract solution according to volume ratio be 1:1:1 is well mixed, and obtains compound Liquid;
S5. in parts by weight, to 0.03-0.05 parts of sodium molybdate of addition, EM bacterium powders 0.5-1 in 100-120 parts of mixed liquor 0.1-0.3 parts of part, 2,1-3 parts of epihydric acid 2 potassium and a- Nafusakus, stand 20-30min after mixing, filter, and take filtrate, i.e., Obtain the special Water soluble fertilizer of mango.
6. late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective according to claim 5, it is characterised in that in S2 Described broken wall pressure is 120mpa-130mpa.
7. late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterised in that Described Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica is Kate's mango.
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