CN106907145A - A kind of apparent resistivity measuring system and method with brill advanced prediction - Google Patents

A kind of apparent resistivity measuring system and method with brill advanced prediction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106907145A
CN106907145A CN201710070508.2A CN201710070508A CN106907145A CN 106907145 A CN106907145 A CN 106907145A CN 201710070508 A CN201710070508 A CN 201710070508A CN 106907145 A CN106907145 A CN 106907145A
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China
Prior art keywords
drilling
apparent resistivity
country rock
advanced prediction
different depth
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CN201710070508.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁庆九
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WUHAN DIDA HUARUI EARTH SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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WUHAN DIDA HUARUI EARTH SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710070508.2A priority Critical patent/CN106907145A/en
Publication of CN106907145A publication Critical patent/CN106907145A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B49/00Testing the nature of borehole walls; Formation testing; Methods or apparatus for obtaining samples of soil or well fluids, specially adapted to earth drilling or wells
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N27/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means
    • G01N27/02Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01VGEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS; TAGS
    • G01V3/00Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation
    • G01V3/12Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation operating with electromagnetic waves

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring system and method for boring advanced prediction, its system includes magnetic-dipole antenna and the multiple receiving electrodes being distributed in the country rock of drilling surrounding in drilling rig, and the live main frame being connected with multiple receiving electrodes, state magnetic-dipole antenna, it is used to automatically export pulse electromagnetic wave in real time during the interior driving that drills with drilling rig, and forms induction field in the country rock of different depth around drilling;The receiving electrode, it is used for the electric signal that real-time reception induction field is produced around drilling in the country rock of different depth;The live main frame, it is used to process the electric signal that multiple receiving electrodes are received, and draws the apparent resistivity of the country rock of drilling surrounding different depth.The present invention can both improve the detection accuracy of physical prospecting, and can improve the control range and detection efficient of advanced inspecting hole, reduce drilling arrangement quantity.

Description

A kind of apparent resistivity measuring system and method with brill advanced prediction
Technical field
The present invention relates to the exploration of geophysics electrical method and drilling technique field, and in particular to a kind of regarding with brill advanced prediction Resistivity measurement system and method.
Background technology
Forward probe is mainly to be met head on to enter to tunnel, tunnelling direction using direct or indirect method in digging laneway Row detection, detection front whether there is harmful geological structure or rich water body and conduit pipe, for the safety driving in tunnel tunnel is provided Detailed detection information.Direct method currently used for colliery forward probe is probing method, and indirect method is geophysical prospecting;Wherein bore Although spy method is reliable to the results of drilling of one borehole, probing result it is only effective to one borehole, it is impossible to accomplish with The Effect on Detecting of point zone face, can only be tackled for focus detecting area domain probing means by arranging intensive drilling, be constructed Cycle is more long, costly, and the normal Influence of production to tunnel, tunnel is larger.It is existing at present to can be used for the physical prospecting of forward probe Method mainly has four kinds, is respectively three electrode method forward probe method, Mine Transient Electromagnetic Method, seismic wave method and drilling detecting water by pilot hole Method.Wherein seismic wave method mainly solves the problems, such as geological structure interface, and the watery to constructing cannot be explained.Above except brill Outside the detecting water by pilot hole method of hole, other geophysical methods are all a kind of forward probe methods of tunnel, tunnel or working face, due to lane Road or working face interference are larger, the rail of development machine, base plate in tunnel, tunnel, H-shaped steel supporting, suspension roof support, transport skin The various metallic facilities such as belt supporting frame on observed result influence it is larger, meanwhile, Field design, data observation and Analysis on Results compared with Complexity, and detecting parameter is single, as a result there is multi-solution.And, drilling detecting water by pilot hole rule be drill formed after again Detection probe is detected in being put into drilling, similar to the logging technique on ground, drilling cannot be carried out after drilling collapse hole is run into Detecting water by pilot hole is worked, and construction is basic to be carried out by the way of push rod measurement;And push rod is caused by the friction of own wt and hole wall Push rod depth is limited, and general depth is less than 40 meters, while the method cannot overcome the excessive problem of earth resistance, causes power supply electricity Stream is small and weak or even useful signal is not measured, and Effect on Detecting performs practically no function.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction and side Method, radiation pattern launches electromagnetic wave using magnetic-dipole antenna, receives mode and receives electric signal using the receiving electrode of ground connection, just It is to say that transmitting is launched using actinobolia, it is to receive signal using earth electrode to receive using conduction method, to drilling surrounding and can be bored Bottom hole is more than carries out real-time advanced prediction in the range of 40 meters, realize the comprehensive detecting water by pilot hole function of drilling;Simultaneously should be super with boring The resistivity measurement new equipment of preceding forecast does not influence normal drilling operation progress, and colliery can be accomplished with brill advanced prediction and probing The real-time synchronization of construction.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem is as follows:It is a kind of to measure system with the apparent resistivity for boring advanced prediction System, including magnetic-dipole antenna and the multiple receiving electrodes being distributed in the country rock of drilling surrounding in drilling rig, And the live main frame being connected with multiple receiving electrodes,
The magnetic-dipole antenna, its real-time automatically output arteries and veins during being used to be tunneled in drilling with drilling rig Electromagnetic wave is rushed, and induction field is formed in the country rock of different depth around drilling;
The receiving electrode, it is used for what real-time reception induction field was produced around drilling in the country rock of different depth Electric signal;
The live main frame, it is used to process the electric signal that multiple receiving electrodes are received, draws around drilling not With the apparent resistivity of the country rock of depth.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention is a kind of to pass through magnetic dipole with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction The pulse electromagnetic wave of sub-antenna transmitting stabilization, and electrical signal of reaction is received using the receiving electrode laid around drilling, can be with Increase effective detecting depth, can be more than electric resistance rate of coal petrology in the range of 40 meters and effectively be surveyed to around drilling and drilling bottom Amount;Meanwhile, complete LWD resistivity log in the gap of drilling operation adjunction drilling rod, it is not necessary to individually arrange probing downtime LWD resistivity log is done again, therefore can be completed in normal drilling time with the resistivity measurement process for boring advanced prediction, can Realize that real real-time synchronization is detected with drilling operation;In a word, what the present invention was provided is a kind of with the apparent resistivity for boring advanced prediction Measuring system can both improve the detection accuracy of physical prospecting, and can improve the control range and detection efficient of advanced inspecting hole, reduce and bore Quantity is arranged in hole.
On the basis of above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention can also do following improvement.
Further, the drilling rig includes rig, drilling rod and drill bit, by described in many between the rig and drill bit Drilling rod is connected, and sleeve pipe is provided between a drilling rod and the drill bit of the drill bit, and the magnetic-dipole antenna is built in The front end of described sleeve pipe.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Configure the magnetic-dipole antenna in sleeve pipe front end and launch stabilization Pulse electromagnetic wave, can effectively evade the problem that Receiving resistivity test device earth resistance cannot be controlled effectively.
Further, the live main frame is included on system bus, and the equal access system bus of control signal communication ends Signal receiving module, central processing unit and human-computer interaction device, the signal receiving module is also described with multiple respectively to receive electricity Extremely it is connected;
The signal receiving module, it is used to receive the electric signal that multiple receiving electrodes are received, and electric signal is led to System bus is crossed to transmit to central processing unit;
The central processing unit, it is used to calculate drilling surrounding different depth using apparent resistivity formula by electric signal Country rock apparent resistivity, and the apparent resistivity of the country rock of the surrounding different depth that drills is drawn out into the overall apparent resistivity of drilling Collection of illustrative plates, while the overall apparent resistivity atlas analysis according to drilling go out with brill advanced prediction achievement;
The human-computer interaction device, it is used to show the drilling drawn through central processing unit treatment by system bus The apparent resistivity of the country rock of surrounding different depth, the overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates of drilling and with boring advanced prediction achievement.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Live main frame can in real time analyze drilling surrounding different depth The apparent resistivity of country rock and the overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates of drilling, and show with forecast result is bored, figure is automatically analyzed into, without multiple Miscellaneous artificial data analysis and processing stage, can quickly provide reliable analysis and prediction data for geology detecting personnel.
Further, the live main frame also includes memory and usb communication mouthful, and the memory and usb communication mouthful are divided equally Do not access on the system bus;
The memory, it is used for the apparent resistivity of the country rock for storing drilling surrounding different depth, the entirety of drilling regarding electricity Resistance rate collection of illustrative plates and with bore advanced prediction achievement.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Usb communication mouth facilitates the extension of live main frame.
Further, the live the main frame also wireless Wifi transport modules including access system bus, the wireless Wifi Transport module is used for main frame at the scene and communicates with setting set up between terrestrial contr on the ground.
Further, underground switching station, institute are additionally provided between the wireless Wifi transport modules and the terrestrial contr State and connected by fibre circuit between underground switching station and the terrestrial contr.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Using wireless communication technology, the data that underground can be gathered With with bore forecast achievement be real-time transmitted to terrestrial contr, such as ground maneuvers room monitor supervision platform, it can be ensured that drilling operation and It is significant technology innovation and the breakthrough of colliery flood advanced prediction with the real-time monitoring and early warning that bore advanced prediction, it is anti-to colliery Trouble free service of harnessing the river has very strong realistic meaning, with more wide market prospects and objective technique demand.
Based on it is above-mentioned it is a kind of for colliery with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction, the present invention also provides a kind of using In colliery with the apparent resistivity measuring method for boring advanced prediction.
A kind of apparent resistivity measuring method with brill advanced prediction, it is characterised in that:It is used for using one kind described above Colliery measures with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction, comprises the following steps,
S1, magnetic-dipole antenna real-time automatically output pulse electromagnetic during driving in drilling with drilling rig Ripple, and drilling around country rock in form induction field;
S2, the electric signal that receiving electrode real-time reception induction field is produced around drilling in the country rock of different depth;
S3, live main frame is processed the electric signal that multiple receiving electrodes are received, and show that drilling surrounding different depth encloses The apparent resistivity of rock.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Invention is a kind of to pass through magnetic dipole with the apparent resistivity measuring method for boring advanced prediction The pulse electromagnetic wave of antenna transmitting stabilization, and receive electrical signal of reaction, Ke Yizeng using the receiving electrode laid around drilling Plus effective detecting depth, electric resistance rate of coal petrology in the range of 40 meters can be more than to around drilling and drilling bottom and effectively be measured; Meanwhile, complete LWD resistivity log in the gap of drilling operation adjunction drilling rod, it is not necessary to individually arrange probing downtime again Do LWD resistivity log, therefore can be completed in normal drilling time with the resistivity measurement process for boring advanced prediction, can be with Drilling operation realizes real real-time synchronization detection;In a word, what the present invention was provided is a kind of with the apparent resistivity survey for boring advanced prediction Amount method can both improve the detection accuracy of physical prospecting, and can improve the control range and detection efficient of advanced inspecting hole, reduce drilling Arrangement quantity.
On the basis of above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention can also do following improvement.
Further, the S1 specifically, drilling rig drill during according to drilling different depth install drilling rod additional, Magnetic-dipole antenna exports pulse electromagnetic wave automatically in real time in the gap for installing drilling rod additional by detecting that drilling rod signal is installed in identification additional, and Around drilling induction field is formed in the country rock of different depth.
Further, the S3 using apparent resistivity formula by electric signal specifically, calculate drilling surrounding different depth Country rock apparent resistivity, and the apparent resistivity of the country rock of the surrounding different depth that drills is drawn out into the overall apparent resistivity of drilling Collection of illustrative plates, while the overall apparent resistivity atlas analysis according to drilling go out with brill advanced prediction achievement.
Further, also including step S4,
S4, the apparent resistivity of the country rock of the surrounding different depth that drills, the overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates of drilling and advanced with boring Forecast achievement is transmitted to underground switching station by wireless Wifi transport modules, and received underground switching station using fibre circuit Drill and the apparent resistivity of country rock of surrounding different depth, the overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates of drilling and transmitted with advanced prediction achievement is bored To terrestrial contr.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Using wireless communication technology, the data that underground can be gathered With with bore forecast achievement be real-time transmitted to terrestrial contr, such as ground maneuvers room monitor supervision platform, it can be ensured that drilling operation and It is significant technology innovation and the breakthrough of colliery flood advanced prediction with the real-time monitoring and early warning that bore advanced prediction, it is anti-to colliery Trouble free service of harnessing the river has very strong realistic meaning, with more wide market prospects and objective technique demand.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structured flowchart of live main frame in a kind of apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of flow chart of the apparent resistivity measuring method for boring advanced prediction of the present invention.
In accompanying drawing, the list of parts representated by each label is as follows:
1st, magnetic-dipole antenna, 2, drilling, 3, country rock, 4, receiving electrode, 5, live main frame, 5.1, system bus, 5.2, Signal receiving module, 5.3, central processing unit, 5.4, human-computer interaction device, 5.5, memory, 5.6, usb communication mouthful, 5.7, nothing Line Wifi transport modules, 6, rig, 7, drilling rod, 8, drill bit, 9, sleeve pipe, 10, terrestrial contr, 11, underground switching station, 12, Fibre circuit, 13, tunnel.
Specific embodiment
Principle of the invention and feature are described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, example is served only for explaining the present invention, and It is non-for limiting the scope of the present invention.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction, including the magnetic in drilling rig Multiple receiving electrodes 4 in dipole antenna 1 and the country rock 3 being distributed in around drilling 2, and be connected with multiple receiving electrodes 4 Live main frame 5, the drilling rig drills in tunnel 13 to the drilling 2 in country rock 3, and live main frame 5 is placed in lane In road 13, the magnetic-dipole antenna 1, it is used for the automatically output in real time during driving in drilling 2 with drilling rig Pulse electromagnetic wave, and drilling 2 around different depth country rock 3 in form induction field;The receiving electrode 4, it is used for Real-time reception induction field drilling 2 around different depth country rock 3 in produce electric signal;The live main frame 5, its use Processed in the electric signal received to multiple receiving electrodes 4, draw the apparent resistivity of the country rock 3 of 2 surrounding different depths of drilling.
Specifically:The drilling rig includes rig 6, drilling rod 7 and drill bit 8, by many between the rig 6 and drill bit 8 Drilling rod 7 is connected described in root, and sleeve pipe 9, the magnetic dipole are provided between a drilling rod 7 and the drill bit 8 of the drill bit 8 Antenna 1 is built in the front end of described sleeve pipe 9, and drilling rod 7 is driven by rig 6.
Fig. 2 is the structured flowchart of live main frame in a kind of apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction of the present invention, described Live main frame 5 includes the signal receiving module on system bus 5.1, and the equal access system bus 5.1 of control signal communication ends 5.2nd, central processing unit 5.3 and human-computer interaction device 5.4, the signal receiving module 5.2 is also described with multiple respectively to receive electricity Pole 4 is connected;The signal receiving module 5.2, it is used to receiving the electric signal that multiple receiving electrodes 4 are received, and by telecommunications Number transmitted to central processing unit 5.3 by system bus 5.1;The central processing unit 5.3, it is used for by electric signal using regarding Resistivity formula calculates the apparent resistivity of the country rock 3 of 2 surrounding different depths of drilling, and enclosing the 2 surrounding different depths that drill The apparent resistivity of rock 3 draws out the overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates of drilling 2, while the overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates point according to drilling 2 Separate out with brill advanced prediction achievement;The human-computer interaction device 5.4, it is used to be shown through the center by system bus 5.1 The apparent resistivity of the country rock 3 of the surrounding different depth of drilling 2 that the treatment of processor 5.3 draws, the overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates of drilling 2 With with bore advanced prediction achievement, human-computer interaction device 5.4 include touch display screen and photoelectricity knob, wherein photoelectricity knob equivalent to Computer mouse.The live main frame 5 also includes memory 5.5 and usb communication mouthful 5.6, the memory 5.5 and usb communication mouthful 5.6 respectively access on the system bus 5.1;The memory 5.5, it is used to store 2 surrounding different depths of drilling The apparent resistivity of country rock 3, the overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates of drilling 2 and with boring advanced prediction achievement;Usb communication mouthful 5.6 is facilitated The extension of live main frame 5.The live main frame 5 also wireless Wifi transport modules 5.7 including access system bus 5.1, it is described Wireless Wifi transport modules 5.7 are used to be set up between main frame 5 at the scene and the terrestrial contr 10 for setting on the ground and communicate. Underground switching station 11 is additionally provided between the wireless Wifi transport modules 5.7 and the terrestrial contr 10, the underground is handed over Change and connected by fibre circuit 12 between station 11 and the terrestrial contr 10.
A kind of apparent resistivity measuring system of brill advanced prediction that the present invention is provided, radiation pattern uses magnetic-dipole antenna 1 transmitting electromagnetic wave, receives mode and receives electric signal using the receiving electrode 4 of ground connection;That is transmitting is connect using actinobolia transmitting Receive using Receiving reception is grounded, around drilling 2 and drilling bottom can be more than in the range of 40 meters carries out real-time advanced prediction, realization Drill 2 comprehensive detecting water by pilot hole functions;The apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction simultaneously does not influence normal drilling operation Progress, can accomplish colliery with the real-time synchronization for boring advanced prediction and drilling operation.
A kind of apparent resistivity measuring system of brill advanced prediction that the present invention is provided mainly has following four aspects feature:
(1) magnetic-dipole antenna 1 by configuring in the front end of sleeve pipe 9 launches the pulse electromagnetic wave of stabilization, can effectively advise Keeping away Receiving resistivity test device earth resistance cannot effectively control;Simultaneously using connecing for being laid in the country rock 3 around drilling 2 Receive electrode and connect 4 receipts electrical signal of reaction, effective detecting depth can be increased, 40 meters of models can be more than to around drilling 2 and drilling bottom Enclose interior electric resistance rate of coal petrology effectively to be measured, above-mentioned 2 points is that conventional Receiving and actinobolia measurement apparatus cannot be while do Arrive.
(2) a kind of apparent resistivity measuring system of brill advanced prediction that the present invention is provided can be bored in drilling operation adjunction in addition The gap of bar completes LWD resistivity log, it is not necessary to individually arrange probing downtime to do LWD resistivity log again, therefore can Completed in normal drilling time with the resistivity measurement process for boring advanced prediction, can be realized with drilling operation real same in real time Step detection.
(3) the wireless Wifi communication technologys are used, the data that can be gathered underground are real-time transmitted to with brill forecast achievement Terrestrial contr 10, such as ground maneuvers room monitor supervision platform, it is ensured that drilling operation and with the real-time monitoring for boring advanced prediction and pre- It is alert.
(4) by live main frame, display in real time automatically analyzes into figure with forecast result is bored, without complicated artificial data Analysis and processing stage, can quickly provide reliable analysis and prediction data for geology detecting personnel.
A kind of apparent resistivity measuring system of brill advanced prediction that the present invention is provided measures the country rock 3 around drilling in real time The resistivity of (coal rock layer), and it is existing with advanced prediction technology is bored, can only could be completed after drilling operation forms drilling Drilling advanced prediction function;Therefore system of the invention is compared with existing coal mine drilling advanced prediction device, not only in actinobolia The innovation of thinking has been truly realized in the signal transmitting and receiving mode that signal send-receive method electrode is received, can also be advanced in tunnel Completed while leting speeper drilling construction with forward probe is bored, realize, with the real-time synchronization for boring advanced prediction and drilling operation, applying Standard higher is proposed in work efficiency rate.
The apparent resistivity measuring system of the brill advanced prediction that the present invention is provided can both improve the detection accuracy of physical prospecting, and energy The control range of advanced inspecting hole is improved, drilling 2 is reduced and is arranged quantity, by the data of underground collection and fruit can be forecast into brill When be transferred to terrestrial contr 10, it is ensured that drilling operation and with bore advanced prediction real-time effective supervision and early warning, be colliery The significant technology innovation of flood advanced prediction and breakthrough, have very strong realistic meaning to mine geological hazards trouble free service, have More wide market prospects and objective technique demand.
Based on it is above-mentioned it is a kind of for colliery with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction, the present invention also provides a kind of using In colliery with the apparent resistivity measuring method for boring advanced prediction.
As shown in figure 3, it is a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring method for boring advanced prediction, it is used for coal using one kind described above Ore deposit is measured with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction, is comprised the following steps,
S1, the real-time automatically output pulse electromagnetic during driving in drilling 2 with drilling rig of magnetic-dipole antenna 1 Ripple, and drilling 2 around country rock 3 in form induction field;
S2, the real-time reception induction field of receiving electrode 4 drilling 2 around different depth country rock 3 in produce telecommunications Number;
S3, the electric signal that the multiple receiving electrodes 4 of 5 pairs, live main frame are received is processed, and draws 2 surrounding different depths of drilling The apparent resistivity of country rock 3.
Specifically:
The S1 according to the different depth of drilling 2 during drilling rig is drilled specifically, install drilling rod 7, magnetic couple additional Pole sub-antenna 1 exports pulse electromagnetic wave automatically in real time in the gap for installing drilling rod 7 additional by detecting that the signal of drilling rod 7 is installed in identification additional, and Drilling 2 around different depth country rock 3 in form induction field.
The S3 using apparent resistivity formula specifically, calculate the country rock 3 of 2 surrounding different depths of drilling by electric signal Apparent resistivity, and by drill 2 surrounding different depths country rock 3 apparent resistivity draw out drilling 2 overall apparent resistivity map Spectrum, while the overall apparent resistivity atlas analysis according to drilling 2 go out with brill advanced prediction achievement.
Also include step S4,
S4, the apparent resistivity of the country rock 3 of the 2 surrounding different depths that drill, the overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates of drilling 2 and super with boring Preceding forecast achievement is transmitted to underground switching station 11 by wireless Wifi transport modules 5.7, and is handed over underground using fibre circuit 12 Change station 11 receive the surrounding different depths of drilling 2 country rock 3 apparent resistivity, drilling 2 overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates and with brill Advanced prediction achievement is transmitted to terrestrial contr 10.
A kind of drilling that can be realized with the apparent resistivity measuring method for boring advanced prediction to tunnel, tunnelling of the present invention 2 carry out forward probe forecast.Compared to existing advanced prediction method, the method for the present invention has the following advantages that:
(1) using the method for the present invention by the magnetic-dipole antenna 1 on drilling rig to drilling 2 around enclosing Rock 3 launches pulse electromagnetic wave, and electrical signal of reaction is received using distributed receiving electrode 4;As drilling 2 is constantly crept into, lead to Cross the induced potential response signal of reception to detect the geologic feature of the country rock 3 of 2 surrounding different radii distances of drilling, can determine whether to bore Around hole 2 and drilling bottom is more than in the range of 40 meters whether there is water content anomalous geologic body.
(2) method of the present invention using drilling and physical prospecting combination, realize drill hole of drilling machine with brill advanced prediction it is real-time Detection, can complete LWD resistivity log, it is not necessary to individually arrange probing downtime in the gap of drilling operation adjunction drilling rod LWD resistivity log is done again, the physical prospecting forward probe that drills synchronously is carried out while accomplishing drilling operation, do not stayed to forward probe There is any blind area.
(3) method of the present invention realizes that display, with forecast result is bored, automatically analyzes into figure to live host detection in real time, without Complicated artificial data analysis and processing stage, can quickly provide reliable analysis and prediction result for geology detecting personnel.
(4) by the wireless Wifi communication technologys, the data that can be gathered underground forecast achievement to the method for the present invention with brill Be real-time transmitted to terrestrial contr, it is ensured that drilling operation and with bore advanced prediction obtain in real time effectively supervision and early warning.
(5) method of the present invention can greatly reduce the quantity of detection drilling 2, and time-consuming and cost improves working efficiency, The elimination ability of the latent flood of coal mine down-hole tunnel driving is also improved simultaneously.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all it is of the invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction, it is characterised in that:Including the magnetic in drilling rig Multiple receiving electrodes in dipole antenna and the country rock being distributed in around drilling, and the scene being connected with multiple receiving electrodes Main frame,
The magnetic-dipole antenna, its real-time automatically output pulse electricity during being used to be tunneled in drilling with drilling rig Magnetic wave, and form induction field in the country rock of different depth around drilling;
The receiving electrode, it is used for the telecommunications that real-time reception induction field is produced around drilling in the country rock of different depth Number;
The live main frame, it is used to process the electric signal that multiple receiving electrodes are received, and draws different deep around drilling The apparent resistivity of the country rock of degree.
2. according to claim 1 a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction, it is characterised in that:The brill Visiting device includes rig, drilling rod and drill bit, is connected by many drilling rods between the rig and drill bit, near the drill bit A drilling rod and the drill bit between be provided with sleeve pipe, the magnetic-dipole antenna is built in the front end of described sleeve pipe.
3. according to claim 1 and 2 a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction, it is characterised in that:Institute Stating live main frame includes signal receiving module, the center on system bus, and the equal access system bus of control signal communication ends Processor and human-computer interaction device, the signal receiving module are also connected with multiple receiving electrodes respectively;
The signal receiving module, it is used to receive the electric signal that multiple receiving electrodes are received, and by electric signal by being System bus transfer is to central processing unit;
The central processing unit, it is used to calculate enclosing for drilling surrounding different depth using apparent resistivity formula by electric signal The apparent resistivity of rock, and the apparent resistivity of the country rock of the surrounding different depth that drills is drawn out the overall apparent resistivity map of drilling Spectrum, while the overall apparent resistivity atlas analysis according to drilling go out with brill advanced prediction achievement;
The human-computer interaction device, it is used to be shown around the drilling drawn through central processing unit treatment by system bus The apparent resistivity of the country rock of different depth, the overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates of drilling and with boring advanced prediction achievement.
4. according to claim 3 a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction, it is characterised in that:It is described existing Field main frame also includes memory and usb communication mouthful, and the memory and usb communication mouthful are respectively accessed in the system bus On;
The memory, its apparent resistivity, overall apparent resistivity of drilling for being used for the country rock for storing drilling surrounding different depth Collection of illustrative plates and with bore advanced prediction achievement.
5. according to claim 3 a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction, it is characterised in that:It is described existing The field main frame also wireless Wifi transport modules including access system bus, the wireless Wifi transport modules are used for main frame at the scene Set up between setting terrestrial contr on the ground and communicated.
6. according to claim 5 a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring system for boring advanced prediction, it is characterised in that:The nothing Underground switching station, the underground switching station and the ground are additionally provided between line Wifi transport modules and the terrestrial contr Connected by fibre circuit between control unit.
7. a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring method for boring advanced prediction, it is characterised in that:It is any using the claims 1 to 6 Described in it is a kind of for colliery with bore advanced prediction apparent resistivity measuring system measure, comprise the following steps,
S1, magnetic-dipole antenna real-time automatically output pulse electromagnetic wave during driving in drilling with drilling rig, and Induction field is formed in country rock around drilling;
S2, the electric signal that receiving electrode real-time reception induction field is produced around drilling in the country rock of different depth;
S3, live main frame is processed the electric signal that multiple receiving electrodes are received, and draws drilling surrounding different depth country rock Apparent resistivity.
8. according to claim 7 a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring method for boring advanced prediction, it is characterised in that:The S1 Specifically, installing drilling rod additional according to the different depth of drilling during drilling rig is drilled, magnetic-dipole antenna is installing brill additional The gap of bar exports pulse electromagnetic wave, and the different depth around drilling automatically in real time by detecting that drilling rod signal is installed in identification additional Induction field is formed in country rock.
9. a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring method for boring advanced prediction according to claim 7 or 8, it is characterised in that:Institute S3 is stated specifically, calculating the apparent resistivity of the country rock of drilling surrounding different depth using apparent resistivity formula by electric signal, And the apparent resistivity of the country rock of the surrounding different depth that drills is drawn out into the overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates of drilling, while according to drilling Overall apparent resistivity atlas analysis go out with bore advanced prediction achievement.
10. according to claim 9 a kind of with the apparent resistivity measuring method for boring advanced prediction, it is characterised in that:Also wrap Step S4 is included,
S4, drill surrounding different depth country rock apparent resistivity, drilling overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates and with bore advanced prediction Achievement is transmitted to underground switching station by wireless Wifi transport modules, and the drilling for being received underground switching station using fibre circuit The apparent resistivity of the country rock of surrounding different depth, the overall apparent resistivity collection of illustrative plates of drilling and transmitted to ground with advanced prediction achievement is bored Face control unit.
CN201710070508.2A 2017-02-09 2017-02-09 A kind of apparent resistivity measuring system and method with brill advanced prediction Pending CN106907145A (en)

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CN201710070508.2A CN106907145A (en) 2017-02-09 2017-02-09 A kind of apparent resistivity measuring system and method with brill advanced prediction

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Application publication date: 20170630