CN106906967A - A kind of construction technology of composite mortar - Google Patents

A kind of construction technology of composite mortar Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106906967A
CN106906967A CN201710071002.3A CN201710071002A CN106906967A CN 106906967 A CN106906967 A CN 106906967A CN 201710071002 A CN201710071002 A CN 201710071002A CN 106906967 A CN106906967 A CN 106906967A
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water
composite mortar
mortar
sand
cement
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CN106906967B (en
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李铭
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Guangxi Greenland Coating Engineering Co Ltd
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Guangxi Greenland Coating Engineering Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/02Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings of plastic materials hardening after applying, e.g. plaster
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F21/00Implements for finishing work on buildings
    • E04F21/02Implements for finishing work on buildings for applying plasticised masses to surfaces, e.g. plastering walls
    • E04F21/06Implements for applying plaster, insulating material, or the like
    • E04F21/08Mechanical implements
    • E04F21/12Mechanical implements acting by gas pressure, e.g. steam pressure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00017Aspects relating to the protection of the environment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00034Physico-chemical characteristics of the mixtures
    • C04B2111/00146Sprayable or pumpable mixtures
    • C04B2111/00155Sprayable, i.e. concrete-like, materials able to be shaped by spraying instead of by casting, e.g. gunite
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00241Physical properties of the materials not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00293Materials impermeable to liquids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00482Coating or impregnation materials
    • C04B2111/00577Coating or impregnation materials applied by spraying
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/27Water resistance, e.g. waterproof or water-repellant materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/34Non-shrinking or non-cracking materials
    • C04B2111/343Crack resistant materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/40Porous or lightweight materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/30Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values
    • C04B2201/32Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values for the thermal conductivity, e.g. K-factors
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of construction technology of composite mortar, belongs to technical field of buildings, and the construction technology specifically includes following steps:Polishing metope is cleaned first; spray hair is carried out to metope using wall interfacial agents to process; the wall interfacial agents are formed by cement, sand, additive, water modulation; the additive includes sodium cellulose glycolate, wood fibre, flexible rubber powder, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober; then anchored in surface of wall; layering spraying composite mortar is finally carried out to metope with dedicated mortar spray gun; notice that water drenching is maintained; wherein, composite mortar used includes cement, mineral sand, prefabricated flyash, glass bead and additive.This construction technology can strengthen the cracking resistance and waterproof effect of composite mortar, and composite mortar used possesses the advantage of safety non-toxic, and workability is good, cracking resistance, heat-insulation and heat-preservation, waterproof, there is that intensity is high, corrosion resistant feature, moreover it is possible to reduce building cost.

Description

A kind of construction technology of composite mortar
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to construction material technical field of construction, especially a kind of construction technology of composite mortar.
【Technical background】
Composite mortar is the high strength cement mortar mixed with modified epoxy emulsion or other modified copolymer emulsions, is also referred to as gathered Compound mortar, for example, being adapted to the composite mortar of load-carrying members in addition to it should be able to improve the physical and mechanical property of its own, should also Its anchor bar can be significantly improved and the ability of concrete is bonded.The compound country's building environment-friendly and green construction of the production of composite mortar The need for production, should possess safety non-toxic, reducing energy consumption, reduce airborne dust, construct it is convenient, beneficial to mechanized construction save man-hour drop The features such as low building cost;Nowadays big and medium-sized cities have been prohibited and have manually been stirred mortar at the construction field (site), prefabricated commodity Mixed mud will turn into the inexorable trend of construction industry.
Flyash is the fine ash that catching is got off from the flue gas after coal combustion, and flyash is the main solid of coal-burning power plant's discharge Body waste.The main oxides of power plants flyash are constituted:SiO2、Al2O3、FeO、Fe2O3、CaO、TiO2Deng.With The development of power industry, the flyash discharge capacity of coal-burning power plant increases year by year, is up within 2010 300000000 tons, current as China One of larger industrial residue of discharge capacity.Substantial amounts of flyash is untreated, will produce airborne dust, pollutes air;If entering water system River can be caused to silt up, and toxic chemical substance therein can also cause harm to human body and biology.Flyash can carry out resource Change and utilize, the recycling aspect of current flyash has:Production pulverized fuel ash cement, flyash brick, fly ash silicate building block, fine coal Ash aerated concrete and other construction materials, also act as agricultural fertilizer and soil conditioner, reclaim the raw material of industry and make environment Material.The field of mortar is being produced using flyash, also there are problems, such as early strength is relatively low to cause quality unstable It is fixed.
Modern composite mortar should be reduced and use step, construction fugitive dust on the one hand be reduced, while can also avoid practical application During caused due to the error of operating personnel composite mortar property change and influence using effect, cause occur easily open Split, breakable phenomenon;China building efficient energy-saving work carry out situation preferably, various new architectural energy saving techniques, new material, New technology is also to occur frequently, therefore construction technology operation is also increasingly tended to standardizing, standardizes, so as to wish into One step improves construction quality, energy saving consumption.
【The content of the invention】
In view of posed problems above, the invention provides a kind of construction technology of composite mortar, this construction technology can Strengthen the cracking resistance and waterproof effect of composite mortar, the composite mortar that the present invention is used possesses the advantage of safety non-toxic, reducing energy consumption, High, corrosion-resistant with intensity and workability is good, cracking resistance, heat-insulation and heat-preservation, waterproof, cohesive force is strong with adhesive force, the spy of light weight Point, moreover it is possible to reduce building cost.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of construction technology of composite mortar, construction technique is comprised the following steps:
(1) metope treatment:Metope cleaning is polished flat;
(2) spray hair treatment:Spray hair is carried out to metope using wall interfacial agents to process, and can improve the bonding between mortar and wall Power;Wherein, the wall interfacial agents are to form cement, sand, additive, water modulation;The sand crosses 60-80 mesh sieves, described outer Plus agent is according to 2.8-3.1 by sodium cellulose glycolate, wood fibre, flexible rubber powder, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober: 1.3-1.6:0.5-0.7:0.25-0.31:0.28-0.32:The mass ratio of 0.29-0.32 is mixed;
Wherein, the flexible rubber powder for polyvinyl alcohol, VAE, Lauxite and starch ether it is mixed Conjunction is made;The water-loss reducer is polyacrylamide, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, aluminum sulfate are mixed;The water reducer is sulphur Change melamine resin, aromatic amino sulphonic acid salt polymer, polycarboxylic acids sulfonate polymer to be mixed;The hydrophobic Agent is silica alkyl polymer, calcium chloroaluminate is mixed;
(3) anchor:Anchored in the surface of wall, horizontal vertical control-rod built-in fitting is installed;
(4) spray:Using the thickness before guiding ruler detection wall in advance spray, the method being compacted using layering sprayed surface, with special Layering spraying composite mortar is carried out to metope with mortar gun, after every layer of composite mortar uses husky plate floating, then mortar grinder is used It is ground levelling, finally by its dense extrusion, holding surface is smooth, color and luster is consistent, and water drenching is maintained;Sprayed by dedicated mortar Rifle carries out layering spraying to metope can increase extruding force suffered by mortar, improve mortar air-tightness and intensity, and the maintenance after spraying can Increase the cracking resistance and water-proof function of composite mortar, improve wall quality and service life;
Wherein, the composite mortar includes that cement, mineral sand, prefabricated flyash, glass bead and step (2) are described additional Agent;
Wherein, be put into flyash in high-speed mixer by the prefabricated flyash, adds 0.16-0.18% flyash qualities Modifying agent, control temperature at 100-130 DEG C, stirring mixing, cross 80-100 mesh sieves, that is, obtain prefabricated flyash;Wherein, it is described Modifying agent is according to 2-3 by lignosulfonates, sulfate, quick lime and polypropylene fibre:0.5-0.8:1:The mass ratio of 1-2 It is mixed.
Further, in step (1), the metope treatment cleans metope using the method for high-pressure wash, then uses joint filling Agent carries out encapsulation process to the gap between masonry;The gap filler is organic silica gel.
Further, in step (2), the additive be by sodium cellulose glycolate, wood fibre, flexible rubber powder, Water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober are according to 2.9:1.4:0.6:0.28:0.3:0.31 mass ratio is mixed.
Further, in step (2), the flexible rubber powder be by polyvinyl alcohol, VAE, Lauxite and starch ether are according to 1-1.2:0.7-0.9:1-1.2:1 mass ratio is mixed;
The water-loss reducer is according to 1-2 by polyacrylamide, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, aluminum sulfate:0.6-0.8:1 matter Amount ratio is mixed;
The water reducer is by sulfonated melamine compound resin, aromatic amino sulphonic acid salt polymer, polycarboxylic acids sulfonic acid Salt polymer is according to 1:0.9-1.1:The mass ratio of 1-1.2 is mixed;
The hydrophober is according to 1 by silica alkyl polymer, calcium chloroaluminate:The mass ratio of 1.5-2 is mixed.
Further, in step (3), negative and positive positioning spats lines are pasted after the anchoring at linea angulata, and water drenching is protected Support.
Further, in step (4), the dedicated mortar spray gun is round mouth spray gun, and its bore is 6.0-15.0mm, spray Rifle air pressure is controlled between 0.8-1.20MPa.
Further, in step (4), the cement be Portland cement marked as 32.5R or marked as The Portland cement of 42.5R;The mineral sand is river sand, quartz sand and mechanical sand, and the mineral sand is using the sifting bed that vibrates 20-60 mesh sieves are crossed, its clay content≤0.5% is kept;The mineral sand, glass bead are dried to water content≤0.5%.
Further, in step (4), the modifying agent is by lignosulfonates, sulfate, quick lime and polypropylene Fiber is according to 2.5:0.6:1:1.5 mass ratio is mixed.
Further, in step (4), the preparation method of the composite mortar is:
First by cement and step (2) described additive according to 278-283:The ratio of 5.5-6.2 premixing in a kettle. 5min, obtains mixture a;
Then, 5min is stirred in advance together with mixture a in glass bead being added into reactor, obtains mixture b;Wherein, The glass bead is 8-10 with the amount ratio of the cement:278-283;
Secondly, 5min is stirred in advance with the mixture b in prefabricated flyash being added into reactor, obtains mixture c;Its In, the prefabricated flyash is 44-46 with the amount ratio of the cement:278-283;
Finally, the mixture c is put into mixer, after adding water stirring 3-4min, mineral sand is added, in 34- After stirring 5-8min under conditions of 36r/min, that is, obtain composite mortar;Wherein, the consumption of the water, mineral sand and the cement Than being 150-160:659-662:278-283.
The present invention has the following advantages that compared with prior art:
1. the primary raw material of the composite mortar used by construction technology of the present invention is that cement, mineral sand, flyash and vitreous are micro- Pearl;Wherein, flyash is one of larger industrial residue of the current discharge capacity of China, such as untreated, will produce airborne dust, and pollution is big Gas, causes river to silt up, and toxic chemical substance therein can also cause harm to human body and biology, and the present invention enters flyash Resourcebility utilization is gone, has been processed by the modifying agent being made up of lignosulfonates, sulfate, quick lime and polypropylene fibre Afterwards, it is added in composite mortar with special ratios and is used, reduce the usage amount of cement, improve the workability of mortar, enhancing is anti- Compressive Strength, makes mortar have anticracking, fire-retardant characteristic, and early epistasis is preferable;Can make mortar quality by adding glass bead Lighten, thermal conductivity factor reduction effect, by construction after, wall more heat-insulating property can be made;Mineral sand used also includes machine Tool sand, twice laid, so as to reduce material cost, also makes huge contribution to environmental protection, realizes the purpose of energy-conservation.
2. the prefabricated flyash in the composite mortar used by the present invention is through in high-speed mixer, adding 0.16-0.18% The modifying agent of flyash quality, at 100-130 DEG C, stirring is mixed to get control temperature, wherein, the modifying agent is by lignin Sulfonate, sulfate, quick lime and polypropylene fibre are mixed according to specific mass ratio;Flyash after treatment Particle exterior surface covers hydrophobic grouping, make its with major part acid, alkali not chemically reactive, with stronger resistance to corrosion and Waterproof ability;And the sulfate radical and alkaline matter in modifying agent used make the property of flyash tend towards stability, and can substantially carry The early strength of composite mortar high, making the composite mortar of gained has good wellability, and adsorptivity is preferable, not easy to knot groups.
3. the wall interfacial agents used by the present invention are formed by cement, sand, additive, water modulation, with very strong infiltration Property, substrate surface can be fully infiltrated, the absorption affinity of wall basic unit is improved, strengthen bond performance, it is to avoid composite mortar is sticked with basic unit Hollowing is produced during knot, is come off;And the wall interfacial agents are compositions close with composite mortar used, during can making subsequent construction Composite mortar and wall snugly more persistently and uniformly.
4. present invention additive used includes sodium cellulose glycolate, wood fibre, flexible rubber powder, water-loss reducer, water reducer And hydrophober;The quality of mortar will be significantly improved by adding additive, hydroxymethyl cellulose can lift sand with flexible rubber powder The intensity of slurry, wood fibre can play a part of cracking resistance, and lifting mortar is played by adding hydrophober, water-loss reducer and water reducer The water-proof function of density, lifting mortar.Wherein, flexible rubber powder improved in dry powder and mortar mortar compression strength and anti-folding it is strong Degree, improves the elongation percentage of mortar so as to improve the toughness of mortar, while also giving mortar good stress dispersion Effect, improves the adhesive property of mortar, and bonding mechanism is the absorption and diffusion in maxxaedium by macromolecular;While flexible rubber powder There is certain permeability, and sodium cellulose glycolate fully infiltrates the surface of base material together, makes basic unit with the table newly plastered Face performance is approached, and so as to improve adsorptivity, greatly increases its performance, reduces the elastic modelling quantity of mortar, improves deformability, Reduce cracking phenomena;The web structure that flexible rubber powder is formed can pass through hole, crack in cement mortar, improve base-material with The bonding of hydrolysis product of cement, so as to improve wearability and corrosion resistance;And be by water during composite mortar is made Mud, additive, glass bead, flyash, water, mineral sand sequentially add stirring and are made, it is to avoid while making and causing Conglomeration is lumpd, and improves operating efficiency.
In a word, the invention provides a kind of construction technology of composite mortar, the compound country's building environmental protection of gained composite mortar The need for greenery construction is produced, possess the advantage of safety non-toxic, reducing energy consumption, and its workability is good, cracking resistance, heat-insulation and heat-preservation, anti- Water, intensity is high, corrosion-resistant, and cohesive force is strong with adhesive force, light weight, and easy construction saves man-hour reduction beneficial to mechanized construction The characteristics of building cost;This preparation method make the loss of composite mortar less, reduce airborne dust, it is convenient to construct.
【Specific embodiment】
The following examples can help those skilled in the art that the present invention is more completely understood, but cannot be with any Mode limits the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of construction technology of composite mortar, construction technology is comprised the following steps:
(1) metope treatment:Metope cleaning is polished flat, metope is cleaned using the method for high-pressure wash, then use gap filler Encapsulation process is carried out the gap between masonry;Wherein, the gap filler is organic silica gel;
(2) spray hair treatment:Using wall interfacial agents to metope carry out spray hair process, wherein, the wall interfacial agents be by Cement, sand, additive, water modulation are formed;It is described it is husky cross 60-80 mesh sieves, the additive is by sodium cellulose glycolate, wooden Fiber, flexible rubber powder, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober are according to 2.8:1.3:0.5:0.25:0.28:0.29 mass ratio mixing It is made;
Wherein, the flexible rubber powder is by polyvinyl alcohol, VAE, Lauxite and starch ether According to 1:0.7:1:1 mass ratio is mixed;
The water-loss reducer is according to 1 by polyacrylamide, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, aluminum sulfate:0.6:1 mass ratio is mixed Conjunction is made;
The water reducer is by sulfonated melamine compound resin, aromatic amino sulphonic acid salt polymer, polycarboxylic acids sulfonic acid Salt polymer is according to 1:0.9:1 mass ratio is mixed;
The hydrophober is according to 1 by silica alkyl polymer, calcium chloroaluminate:1.5 mass ratio is mixed;
(3) anchor:Anchored in the surface of wall hanging hang structure net, horizontal vertical control-rod built-in fitting is installed, at angle Negative and positive positioning spats lines, water drenching maintenance are pasted at line;
(4) spray:Using the thickness before guiding ruler detection wall in advance spray, the method being compacted using layering sprayed surface, with special Layering spraying composite mortar is carried out to metope with mortar gun, after every layer of composite mortar uses husky plate floating, then mortar grinder is used It is ground levelling, finally by its dense extrusion, holding surface is smooth, color and luster is consistent, and notices that water drenching is maintained;Wherein, it is described Dedicated mortar spray gun is round mouth spray gun, and its bore is 6.0mm, and spray gun air pressure is 0.8MPa;
Wherein, the preparation method of the composite mortar is according to 278 by cement and step (2) described additive:5.5 ratio Example premixing 5min in a kettle., obtains mixture a;
Then, 5min is stirred in advance together with mixture a in glass bead being added into reactor, obtains mixture b;Wherein, The glass bead is 8 with the amount ratio of the cement:278;
Secondly, 5min is stirred in advance with the mixture b in prefabricated flyash being added into reactor, obtains mixture c;Its In, the prefabricated flyash is 44 with the amount ratio of the cement:278;
Finally, the mixture c is put into mixer, after adding water stirring 3min, mineral sand is added, in 34r/ After stirring 5min under conditions of min, that is, obtain composite mortar;Wherein, the water, mineral sand are with the amount ratio of the cement 150:659:278;
Wherein, the prefabricated flyash is that flyash is put into high-speed mixer, adds changing for 0.16% flyash quality Good dose, at 100-130 DEG C, 80 mesh sieves are crossed in stirring mixing to control temperature, that is, obtain prefabricated flyash;Wherein, the modifying agent is By lignosulfonates, sulfate, quick lime and polypropylene fibre according to 2:0.5:1:1 mass ratio is mixed;The water Mud is the Portland cement marked as 32.5R;The mineral sand is river sand, quartz sand and mechanical sand, and the mineral sand is adopted 20-60 mesh sieves are crossed with the sifting bed that vibrates, its clay content≤0.5% is kept;The mineral sand, glass bead are dried to water content ≤ 0.5%.
Embodiment 2
A kind of construction technology of composite mortar, construction technology is comprised the following steps:
(1) metope treatment:Metope cleaning is polished flat, metope is cleaned using the method for high-pressure wash, then use gap filler Encapsulation process is carried out the gap between masonry;Wherein, the gap filler is organic silica gel;
(2) spray hair treatment:Using wall interfacial agents to metope carry out spray hair process, wherein, the wall interfacial agents be by Cement, sand, additive, water modulation are formed;It is described it is husky cross 60-80 mesh sieves, the additive is by sodium cellulose glycolate, wooden Fiber, flexible rubber powder, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober are according to 3.1:1.6:0.7:0.31:0.32:0.32 mass ratio mixing It is made;
Wherein, the flexible rubber powder is by polyvinyl alcohol, VAE, Lauxite and starch ether According to 1.2:0.9:1.2:1 mass ratio is mixed;
The water-loss reducer is according to 2 by polyacrylamide, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, aluminum sulfate:0.8:1 mass ratio is mixed Conjunction is made;
The water reducer is by sulfonated melamine compound resin, aromatic amino sulphonic acid salt polymer, polycarboxylic acids sulfonic acid Salt polymer is according to 1:1.1:1.2 mass ratio is mixed;
The hydrophober is according to 1 by silica alkyl polymer, calcium chloroaluminate:2 mass ratio is mixed;
(3) anchor:Anchored in the surface of wall hanging hang structure net, horizontal vertical control-rod built-in fitting is installed, at angle Negative and positive positioning spats lines, water drenching maintenance are pasted at line;
(4) spray:Using the thickness before guiding ruler detection wall in advance spray, the method being compacted using layering sprayed surface, with special Layering spraying composite mortar is carried out to metope with mortar gun, after every layer of composite mortar uses husky plate floating, then mortar grinder is used It is ground levelling, finally by its dense extrusion, holding surface is smooth, color and luster is consistent, and notices that water drenching is maintained;Wherein, it is described Dedicated mortar spray gun is round mouth spray gun, and its bore is 15.0mm, and spray gun air pressure is 1.20MPa;
Wherein, the preparation method of the composite mortar is according to 283 by cement and step (2) described additive:6.2 ratio Example premixing 5min in a kettle., obtains mixture a;
Then, 5min is stirred in advance together with mixture a in glass bead being added into reactor, obtains mixture b;Wherein, The glass bead is 10 with the amount ratio of the cement:283;
Secondly, 5min is stirred in advance with the mixture b in prefabricated flyash being added into reactor, obtains mixture c;Its In, the prefabricated flyash is 46 with the amount ratio of the cement:283;
Finally, the mixture c is put into mixer, after adding water stirring 4min, mineral sand is added, in 36r/ After stirring 8min under conditions of min, that is, obtain composite mortar;Wherein, the water, mineral sand are with the amount ratio of the cement 160:662:283;
Wherein, flyash is put into high-speed mixer by the prefabricated flyash, adds the improvement of 0.18% flyash quality Agent, at 100-130 DEG C, 100 mesh sieves are crossed in stirring mixing to control temperature, that is, obtain prefabricated flyash;Wherein, the modifying agent is By lignosulfonates, sulfate, quick lime and polypropylene fibre according to 3:0.8:1:2 mass ratio is mixed;The water Mud is the Portland cement marked as 42.5R;The mineral sand is river sand, quartz sand and mechanical sand, and the mineral sand is adopted 20-60 mesh sieves are crossed with the sifting bed that vibrates, its clay content≤0.5% is kept;The mineral sand, glass bead are dried to water content ≤ 0.5%.
Embodiment 3
A kind of construction technology of composite mortar, construction technology is comprised the following steps:
(1) metope treatment:Metope cleaning is polished flat, metope is cleaned using the method for high-pressure wash, then use gap filler Encapsulation process is carried out the gap between masonry;Wherein, the gap filler is organic silica gel;
(2) spray hair treatment:Using wall interfacial agents to metope carry out spray hair process, wherein, the wall interfacial agents be by Cement, sand, additive, water modulation are formed;It is described it is husky cross 60-80 mesh sieves, the additive is by sodium cellulose glycolate, wooden Fiber, flexible rubber powder, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober are according to 2.9:1.4:0.6:0.28:0.3:0.31 mass ratio mixing It is made;
Wherein, the flexible rubber powder is by polyvinyl alcohol, VAE, Lauxite and starch ether According to 1.1:0.8:1.1:1 mass ratio is mixed;
The water-loss reducer is according to 1.6 by polyacrylamide, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, aluminum sulfate:0.7:1 mass ratio It is mixed;
The water reducer is by sulfonated melamine compound resin, aromatic amino sulphonic acid salt polymer, polycarboxylic acids sulfonic acid Salt polymer is according to 1:1.0:1.1 mass ratio is mixed;
The hydrophober is according to 1 by silica alkyl polymer, calcium chloroaluminate:1.6 mass ratio is mixed;
(3) anchor:Anchored in the surface of wall hanging hang structure net, horizontal vertical control-rod built-in fitting is installed, at angle Negative and positive positioning spats lines, water drenching maintenance are pasted at line;
(4) spray:Using the thickness before guiding ruler detection wall in advance spray, the method being compacted using layering sprayed surface, with special Layering spraying composite mortar is carried out to metope with mortar gun, after every layer of composite mortar uses husky plate floating, then mortar grinder is used It is ground levelling, finally by its dense extrusion, holding surface is smooth, color and luster is consistent, and notices that water drenching is maintained;Wherein, it is described Dedicated mortar spray gun is round mouth spray gun, and its bore is 10.0mm, and spray gun air pressure is 1.0MPa;
Wherein, the preparation method of the composite mortar is according to 281 by cement and step (2) described additive:5.9 ratio Example premixing 5min in a kettle., obtains mixture a;
Then, 5min is stirred in advance together with mixture a in glass bead being added into reactor, obtains mixture b;Wherein, The glass bead is 9 with the amount ratio of the cement:281;
Secondly, 5min is stirred in advance with the mixture b in prefabricated flyash being added into reactor, obtains mixture c;Its In, the prefabricated flyash is 45 with the amount ratio of the cement:281;
Finally, the mixture c is put into mixer, after adding water stirring 3.5min, mineral sand is added, in 35r/ After stirring 6min under conditions of min, that is, obtain composite mortar;Wherein, the water, mineral sand are with the amount ratio of the cement 155:661:281;
Wherein, flyash is put into high-speed mixer by the prefabricated flyash, adds the improvement of 0.17% flyash quality Agent, at 100-130 DEG C, 90 mesh sieves are crossed in stirring mixing to control temperature, that is, obtain prefabricated flyash;Wherein, the modifying agent be by Lignosulfonates, sulfate, quick lime and polypropylene fibre are according to 2.5:0.6:1:1.5 mass ratio is mixed;It is described Cement is the Portland cement marked as 32.5R;The mineral sand is river sand, quartz sand and mechanical sand, the mineral sand 20-60 mesh sieves are crossed using the sifting bed that vibrates, its clay content≤0.5% is kept;The mineral sand, glass bead are dried to aqueous Amount≤0.5%.
Comparative example 1
A kind of construction technology of composite mortar, construction technology is comprised the following steps:
(1) metope treatment:Metope cleaning is polished flat, metope is cleaned using the method for high-pressure wash, then use gap filler Encapsulation process is carried out the gap between masonry;Wherein, the gap filler is organic silica gel;
(2) spray hair treatment:Using wall interfacial agents to metope carry out spray hair process, wherein, the wall interfacial agents be by Cement, sand, additive, water modulation are formed;It is described it is husky cross 60-80 mesh sieves, the additive is by sodium cellulose glycolate, wooden Fiber, flexible rubber powder, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober are according to 2.9:1.4:0.6:0.28:0.3:0.31 mass ratio mixing It is made;
Wherein, the flexible rubber powder is made up of polyvinyl alcohol;The water-loss reducer is made up of polyacrylamide;It is described to subtract Aqua is made up of sulfonated melamine compound resin;The hydrophober is made up of silica alkyl polymer;
(3) anchor:Anchored in the surface of wall hanging hang structure net, horizontal vertical control-rod built-in fitting is installed, at angle Negative and positive positioning spats lines, water drenching maintenance are pasted at line;
(4) spray:Using the thickness before guiding ruler detection wall in advance spray, the method being compacted using layering sprayed surface, with special Layering spraying composite mortar is carried out to metope with mortar gun, after every layer of composite mortar uses husky plate floating, then mortar grinder is used It is ground levelling, finally by its dense extrusion, holding surface is smooth, color and luster is consistent, and notices that water drenching is maintained;Wherein, it is described Dedicated mortar spray gun is round mouth spray gun, and its bore is 10.0mm, and spray gun air pressure is 1.0MPa;
Wherein, the preparation method of the composite mortar is according to 281 by cement and step (2) described additive:5.9 ratio Example premixing 5min in a kettle., obtains mixture a;
Then, 5min is stirred in advance together with mixture a in glass bead being added into reactor, obtains mixture b;Wherein, The glass bead is 9 with the amount ratio of the cement:281;
Secondly, 5min is stirred in advance with the mixture b in prefabricated flyash being added into reactor, obtains mixture c;Its In, the prefabricated flyash is 45 with the amount ratio of the cement:281;
Finally, the mixture c is put into mixer, after adding water stirring 3.5min, mineral sand is added, in 35r/ After stirring 6min under conditions of min, that is, obtain composite mortar;Wherein, the water, mineral sand are with the amount ratio of the cement 155:661:281;
Wherein, flyash is put into high-speed mixer by the prefabricated flyash, adds the improvement of 0.17% flyash quality Agent, at 100-130 DEG C, 90 mesh sieves are crossed in stirring mixing to control temperature, that is, obtain prefabricated flyash;Wherein, the modifying agent be by Lignosulfonates, sulfate, quick lime and polypropylene fibre are according to 2.5:0.6:1:1.5 mass ratio is mixed;It is described Cement is the Portland cement marked as 32.5R;The mineral sand is river sand, quartz sand and mechanical sand, the mineral sand 20-60 mesh sieves are crossed using the sifting bed that vibrates, its clay content≤0.5% is kept;The mineral sand, glass bead are dried to aqueous Amount≤0.5%.
Comparative example 2
A kind of construction technology of composite mortar, construction technology is comprised the following steps:
(1) metope treatment:Metope cleaning is polished flat, metope is cleaned using the method for high-pressure wash, then use gap filler Encapsulation process is carried out the gap between masonry;Wherein, the gap filler is organic silica gel;
(2) spray hair treatment:Using wall interfacial agents to metope carry out spray hair process, wherein, the wall interfacial agents be by Cement, sand, additive, water modulation are formed;It is described it is husky cross 60-80 mesh sieves, the additive is by sodium cellulose glycolate, wooden Fiber, flexible rubber powder, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober are according to 2.9:1.4:0.6:0.28:0.3:0.31 mass ratio mixing It is made;
Wherein, the flexible rubber powder is made up of polyvinyl alcohol;The water-loss reducer is made up of polyacrylamide;It is described to subtract Aqua is made up of sulfonated melamine compound resin;The hydrophober is made up of silica alkyl polymer;
(3) anchor:Anchored in the surface of wall hanging hang structure net, horizontal vertical control-rod built-in fitting is installed, at angle Negative and positive positioning spats lines, water drenching maintenance are pasted at line;
(4) spray:Using the thickness before guiding ruler detection wall in advance spray, the method being compacted using layering sprayed surface, with special Layering spraying composite mortar is carried out to metope with mortar gun, after every layer of composite mortar uses husky plate floating, then mortar grinder is used It is ground levelling, finally by its dense extrusion, holding surface is smooth, color and luster is consistent, and notices that water drenching is maintained;Wherein, it is described Dedicated mortar spray gun is round mouth spray gun, and its bore is 10.0mm, and spray gun air pressure is 1.0MPa;
Wherein, the preparation method of the composite mortar is according to 281 by cement and step (2) described additive:5.9 ratio Example premixing 5min in a kettle., obtains mixture a;
Then, 5min is stirred in advance together with mixture a in glass bead being added into reactor, obtains mixture b;Wherein, The glass bead is 9 with the amount ratio of the cement:281;
Secondly, 5min is stirred in advance with the mixture b in flyash being added into reactor, obtains mixture c;Wherein, institute It is 45 that flyash is stated with the amount ratio of the cement:281;
Finally, the mixture c is put into mixer, after adding water stirring 3.5min, mineral sand is added, in 35r/ After stirring 6min under conditions of min, that is, obtain composite mortar;Wherein, the water, mineral sand are with the amount ratio of the cement 155:661:281;The cement is the Portland cement marked as 32.5R;The mineral sand is river sand, quartz sand and machine Tool sand, the mineral sand crosses 20-60 mesh sieves using the sifting bed that vibrates, and keeps its clay content≤0.5%;By the mineral sand, vitreous Microballon is dried to water content≤0.5%.
Comparative example 3
A kind of construction technology of composite mortar, construction technology is comprised the following steps:
(1) metope treatment:Metope cleaning is polished flat, metope is cleaned using the method for high-pressure wash, then use gap filler Encapsulation process is carried out the gap between masonry;Wherein, the gap filler is organic silica gel;
(2) spray hair treatment:Using wall interfacial agents to metope carry out spray hair process, wherein, the wall interfacial agents be by Cement, sand, additive, water modulation are formed;It is described it is husky cross 60-80 mesh sieves, the additive is by sodium cellulose glycolate, wooden Fiber, flexible rubber powder, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober are according to 2.9:1.4:0.6:0.28:0.3:0.31 mass ratio mixing It is made;
Wherein, the flexible rubber powder is made up of polyvinyl alcohol;The water-loss reducer is made up of polyacrylamide;It is described to subtract Aqua is made up of sulfonated melamine compound resin;The hydrophober is made up of silica alkyl polymer;
(3) anchor:Anchored in the surface of wall hanging hang structure net, horizontal vertical control-rod built-in fitting is installed, at angle Negative and positive positioning spats lines, water drenching maintenance are pasted at line;
(4) spray:Using the thickness before guiding ruler detection wall in advance spray, composite mortar is smeared, then carried out with mortar grinder Grinding is levelling;Wherein, the preparation method of the composite mortar is by cement and step (2) described additive, glass bead, fine coal Ash, water, mineral sand are according to 281:5.9:9:45:155:661 ratio premixing 5min in a kettle., that is, obtain composite mortar; Wherein, the water, mineral sand and the amount ratio of the cement are 281;The cement is the normal silicate water marked as 32.5R Mud;The mineral sand is river sand, quartz sand and mechanical sand, and the mineral sand crosses 20-60 mesh sieves, keeps it to contain using the sifting bed that vibrates Mud amount≤0.5%;The mineral sand, glass bead are dried to water content≤0.5%.
Experiment case study:
The present invention is answered embodiment in the inventive method 2,3 by substantial amounts of experimental implementation and detection with comparative example 1-3 Closing mortar construction technology has carried out a series of experiments, tests parameters, records experimental data, and parameter is shown in Table 1.
The composite mortar parameter of table 1
From above-mentioned table 1 as can be seen that compared with comparative example 1-3, in the construction technology using the embodiment of the present invention 2 and 3 The thermal conductivity factor of obtained composite mortar is low, and tension, compressive property are strong, and composite mortar of the present invention backfin than small.
Wherein, comparative example 1 is compared compared with embodiment 3, and flexible rubber powder used, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober are single Component materials, other production method all sames;The backfin ratio of gained mortar is caused to increase, thermal conductivity and water penetration rise, tension Intensity declines with compression strength, illustrates that the flexible rubber powder using one-component, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober make complex sand The property of slurry is deteriorated, the material combination of flexible rubber powder used, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober in the present invention, can improve final Each side's surface properties of gained composite mortar, strengthen practicality.
Comparative example 2 is compared compared with comparative example 1, and the flyash is simultaneously processed, other modes all same without modifying agent;Cause The presetting period extension of gained mortar, backfin ratio increases, thermal conductivity and water penetration rise, tensile strength and compression strength under Drop, illustrate the present invention used by flyash in the presence of modifying agent strengthen the water resistance of composite mortar, also make composite mortar Compression strength increase, make it have anticracking, fire-retardant characteristic, and the presetting period can be reduced, the characteristic of reinforced mortar.
Comparative example 3 is compared compared with comparative example 2, and (4) are by cement, additive, glass bead, powder the step of the construction technology It is applied on metope after the composite mortar that coal ash, water, mineral sand mixing make, other modes all same;Result causes mortar Presetting period extends, and backfin ratio increases, and thermal conductivity rises, and illustrating the manufacture craft of composite mortar of the present invention can make each raw material group Divide preferably fusion, with reference to specific spray and maintenance technology in construction, metope can be made to reach the effect of insulation, anti-cracking waterproof.
Although above the present invention is described in detail with a general description of the specific embodiments, On the basis of the present invention, it can be made some modifications or improvements, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Cause This, these modifications or improvements, belong to the scope of protection of present invention without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of construction technology of composite mortar, it is characterised in that the construction technology is comprised the following steps:
(1) metope treatment:Metope cleaning is polished flat;
(2) spray hair treatment:Spray hair is carried out to metope using wall interfacial agents to process;Wherein, the wall interfacial agents be by cement, Sand, additive, water modulation are formed;It is described it is husky cross 60-80 mesh sieves, the additive be by sodium cellulose glycolate, wood fibre, Flexible rubber powder, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober are according to 2.8-3.1:1.3-1.6:0.5-0.7:0.25-0.31:0.28- 0.32:The mass ratio of 0.29-0.32 is mixed;
Wherein, the flexible rubber powder is polyvinyl alcohol, VAE, Lauxite and starch ether mixing system Into;The water-loss reducer is polyacrylamide, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, aluminum sulfate are mixed;The water reducer is sulfonation three Melamine-formaldehyde resin, aromatic amino sulphonic acid salt polymer, polycarboxylic acids sulfonate polymer are mixed;The hydrophober is Silica alkyl polymer, calcium chloroaluminate are mixed;
(3) anchor:Anchored in the surface of wall, horizontal vertical control-rod built-in fitting is installed;
(4) spray:Using the thickness before guiding ruler detection wall in advance spray, the method being compacted using layering sprayed surface uses special sand Slurry spray gun carries out layering spraying composite mortar to metope, after every layer of composite mortar uses husky plate floating, then is carried out with mortar grinder Grinding is levelling, and finally by its dense extrusion, holding surface is smooth, color and luster is consistent, and water drenching is maintained;Wherein, the composite mortar Including cement, mineral sand, prefabricated flyash, glass bead and step (2) described additive;
Wherein, be put into flyash in high-speed mixer by the prefabricated flyash, adds changing for 0.16-0.18% flyash qualities Good dose, at 100-130 DEG C, 80-100 mesh sieves are crossed in stirring mixing to control temperature, that is, obtain prefabricated flyash;Wherein, the improvement Agent is according to 2-3 by lignosulfonates, sulfate, quick lime and polypropylene fibre:0.5-0.8:1:The mass ratio mixing of 1-2 It is made.
2. a kind of construction technology of composite mortar according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (1), the metope Treatment cleans metope using the method for high-pressure wash, then carries out encapsulation process with gap filler to the gap between masonry;The joint filling Agent is organic silica gel.
3. a kind of construction technology of composite mortar according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described additional in step (2) Agent is according to 2.9 by sodium cellulose glycolate, wood fibre, flexible rubber powder, water-loss reducer, water reducer and hydrophober:1.4:0.6: 0.28:0.3:0.31 mass ratio is mixed.
4. a kind of construction technology of composite mortar according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (2), the flexibility Rubber powder is according to 1-1.2 by polyvinyl alcohol, VAE, Lauxite and starch ether:0.7-0.9:1- 1.2:1 mass ratio is mixed;
The water-loss reducer is according to 1-2 by polyacrylamide, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, aluminum sulfate:0.6-0.8:1 mass ratio It is mixed;
The water reducer is gathered by sulfonated melamine compound resin, aromatic amino sulphonic acid salt polymer, polycarboxylic acids sulfonate Compound is according to 1:0.9-1.1:The mass ratio of 1-1.2 is mixed;
The hydrophober is according to 1 by silica alkyl polymer, calcium chloroaluminate:The mass ratio of 1.5-2 is mixed.
5. a kind of construction technology of composite mortar according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (3), the anchoring Negative and positive positioning spats lines are pasted at linea angulata afterwards, and water drenching is maintained.
6. a kind of construction technology of composite mortar according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described special in step (4) Mortar gun is round mouth spray gun, and its bore is 6.0-15.0mm, and spray gun air pressure is controlled between 0.8-1.20MPa.
7. a kind of construction technology of composite mortar according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (4), the cement It is the Portland cement marked as 32.5R or the Portland cement marked as 42.5R;The mineral sand be river sand, Quartz sand and mechanical sand, the mineral sand cross 20-60 mesh sieves, keep its clay content≤0.5% using the sifting bed that vibrates;By the ore deposit Thing sand, glass bead are dried to water content≤0.5%.
8. a kind of construction technology of composite mortar according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (4), the improvement Agent is according to 2.5 by lignosulfonates, sulfate, quick lime and polypropylene fibre:0.6:1:1.5 mass ratio mixing system Into.
9. a kind of construction technology of composite mortar according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described compound in step (4) The preparation method of mortar is:
First by cement and step (2) described additive according to 278-283:The ratio of 5.5-6.2 premixing 5min in a kettle., Obtain mixture a;
Then, 5min is stirred in advance together with mixture a in glass bead being added into reactor, obtains mixture b;Wherein, it is described Glass bead is 8-10 with the amount ratio of the cement:278-283;
Secondly, 5min is stirred in advance with the mixture b in prefabricated flyash being added into reactor, obtains mixture c;Wherein, institute It is 44-46 that prefabricated flyash is stated with the amount ratio of the cement:278-283;
Finally, the mixture c is put into mixer, after adding water stirring 3-4min, mineral sand is added, in 34-36r/ After stirring 5-8min under conditions of min, that is, obtain composite mortar;Wherein, the water, mineral sand are with the amount ratio of the cement 150-160:659-662:278-283。
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