CN106904744A - A kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility - Google Patents

A kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106904744A
CN106904744A CN201710155777.9A CN201710155777A CN106904744A CN 106904744 A CN106904744 A CN 106904744A CN 201710155777 A CN201710155777 A CN 201710155777A CN 106904744 A CN106904744 A CN 106904744A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wetland
sewage treatment
treatment facility
rural area
gravel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710155777.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
尤鑫
吴瑜红
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Central and Southern China Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Central and Southern China Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Central and Southern China Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute Co Ltd filed Critical Central and Southern China Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710155777.9A priority Critical patent/CN106904744A/en
Publication of CN106904744A publication Critical patent/CN106904744A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • C02F3/322Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae use of algae
    • C02F3/325Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae use of algae as symbiotic combination of algae and bacteria
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • C02F2101/105Phosphorus compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • C02F2101/16Nitrogen compounds, e.g. ammonia
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/30Organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention provides rural area joint household sewage treatment facility,Including the water inlet pipe (1) being sequentially connected,Grille well (2),Pond (3),Outlet pipe (4),Grid (6) is provided with the grille well (2),Water hole (7) is offered on pond (3) side wall being connected with the grille well (2),Artificial swamp (5) is provided with the pond (3),The artificial swamp (5) includes the first wetland (501) for being sequentially connected from left to right,Second wetland (502),3rd wetland (503),4th wetland (504),Gravel is equipped with wetland,First wetland (501),Planted on 4th wetland (504) interior gravel and be implanted with big poly- algae (10),Second wetland (502),Planted on 3rd wetland (503) interior gravel and be implanted with aquatic wetland plant (11).The facility water outlet can reach one-level B standard, realize the recycling of sewage, beautify rural environment, realize environmental benefit and economic benefit bumper harvests.

Description

A kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of sewage, and in particular to a kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility, water is processed No more than 1.50m3/d。
Background technology
In the courtyard of villager's inhabitation Relatively centralized, each family shares gutter in rural area, and sewage concentrates discharge, have impact on rural area Environmental sanitation and vast farmerses it is healthy, constrain the further development of rural economy.To efficiently control pollution as early as possible, The coordinated development of rural economy and ecological environment is realized, the environmental quality in rural area, construction of rural casual household's sewage treatment facility is improved It is very necessary.
The content of the invention
In view of this, the invention provides a kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility, rural area joint household sewage collecting is solved And the problem of sewage disposal.
A kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility, including water inlet pipe, grille well, pond, the outlet pipe being sequentially connected, it is described Grid is provided with grille well, water hole is offered on the basin side wall being connected with the grille well, be provided with the pond Artificial swamp is the first wetland that the artificial swamp includes being sequentially connected from left to right, the second wetland, the 3rd wetland, the 4th wet Ground, is equipped with gravel in first wetland, the second wetland, the 3rd wetland, the 4th wetland, first wetland, the 4th wet Planted on gravel in ground and be implanted with big poly- algae, planted on gravel in second wetland, the 3rd wetland and be implanted with aquatic wetland plant.
Preferably, between first wetland and the second wetland, between the second wetland and the 3rd wetland, the 3rd wetland and Partition wall is provided between four wetlands, water pipe was provided with the partition wall.
It is further preferred that being provided with 7 water pipes excessively on each column partition wall, spacing is between the water pipe excessively on each column partition wall 0.2m。
Preferably, the thickness of laying gravel is followed successively by first wetland, the second wetland, the 3rd wetland, the 4th wetland 200-300mm、550-650mm、550-650mm、200-300mm。
It is further preferred that the thickness of laying gravel is equal in first wetland and the 4th wetland, second wetland It is equal with the thickness that gravel is laid in the 3rd wetland.
It is further preferred that laying the particle diameter of gravel in first wetland, the second wetland, the 3rd wetland, the 4th wetland It is followed successively by 80-100mm, 30-50mm, 20-30mm, 80-100mm.
More preferred, first wetland, the second wetland, the 3rd wetland, the headroom size of the 4th wetland are respectively 200 × 1500mm~600 × 1500mm, 800 × 1500mm~1200 × 1500mm, 800 × 1500mm~1200 × 1500mm, 200 × 1500mm~600 × 1500mm.
Preferably, the grille well headroom size is 0.6 × 0.6 × 1.0m.
Preferably, the aquatic wetland plant includes water hyacinth, cattail, Leersia Sw, duckweed, canna.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention has beautification rural environment, simple and practical, is not easily blocked, stable performance, Effluent quality is good, invest it is low, convenient management, operating cost is low, floor space is small, clean unit connection and reasonable arrangement the features such as, from root Solve the problems, such as that existing rural sewage treatment facility clean-up effect is poor in sheet, by this facility, water outlet can reach one-level B marks Standard, realizes the recycling of sewage, with certain economic benefit, has most importantly beautified rural environment, realizes ring Border benefit and economic benefit get bumper harvests.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is floor map of the invention;
Fig. 2 is generalized section of the invention;
Wherein, 1 be water inlet pipe, 2 be grille well, 3 be pond, 4 be outlet pipe, 5 be artificial swamp, 501 be the first wetland, 502 is the second wetland, 503 is the 3rd wetland, 504 is the 4th wetland, 6 is grid, 7 is water hole, 8 is partition wall, 9 was water Pipe, 10 are that poly- algae, 11 are aquatic wetland plant greatly.
Specific embodiment
The rural area joint household sewage treatment facility that the present invention is provided is further described below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
A kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility, as shown in accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 2, it can be seen that at this sewage Reason facility includes the water inlet pipe 1, grille well 2, pond 3, the outlet pipe 4 that are sequentially connected, takes up an area 8.1m2.The water inlet pipe 1, water outlet The size of pipe 4 is φ 110.The pond 3 is a pond body for cuboid, specifically, the cuboid overall length is 3640mm, always A width of 1980mm, the wall thickness of rectangular pond pond body 3 is 240mm.Bottom of pond uses 200mm thickness C20 concrete, spreads 8mm bar-mat reinforcements After one layer, primary concreting.Rammed earth is first carried out under bottom of pond.Pond inwall uses 1:2:0.11 waterproof mortar finish, pond brick Wall uses Mu10, M7.5 masonry of cement mortar, pond outer wall patch milky ceramic tile.Artificial swamp 5 is provided with the pond 3, The surrounding of artificial swamp 5 uses white fence enclosing.
The headroom size of the grille well 2 is 0.6 × 0.6 × 1.0m.Grid 6 is provided with grille well 2, grid uses spacing It is the circle bar welding of φ 8 of 10mm, circle bar needs to carry out antirust treatment.
The water hole 7 of 200 × 200mm is offered on the side wall of pond 3 being connected with the grille well 2.The headroom size of pond 3 It is 3160 × 1500mm, the ground of Manual moist 5 in the pond 3 includes that the first wetland 501, second being sequentially connected from left to right is wet The 502, the 3rd wetland 503 of ground, the 4th wetland 504, specifically, wide using 3 road 120mm in the length direction of the artificial swamp 5 5 points of miniature artificial swamp is above-mentioned four part by partition wall 8, four part headroom sizes be respectively 400 × 1500mm, 1000 × 1500mm、1000×1500mm、400×1500mm.Spacing is set in partition wall 8 for the DN50 of 0.2m crosses water pipe 9, each column partition wall 8 Setting 7 DN50, L=120's crosses water short tube 9, and 21 are set altogether.
In the part of miniature artificial swamp 5 four, a height of 250mm particle diameters are laid in the first wetland 501 successively by water (flow) direction For 80~100mm gravel, the second wetland 502 lay the gravel that a height of 600mm particle diameters are 30~50mm, the 3rd wetland paving 503 set a height of 600mm particle diameters lays a height of 250mm particle diameters for 80~100mm as the gravel of 20~30mm, in the 4th wetland 504 Gravel.Planted on gravel in first wetland 501, the 4th wetland 504 and be implanted with a small amount of big poly- algae 10, in second wetland 502nd, planted on gravel in the 3rd wetland 503 and be implanted with the aquatic wetland plant 11 such as water hyacinth, cattail, Leersia Sw, duckweed, canna.
What the present invention was realized in:Rural area joint household sewage flows into grille well 2 by the water inlet pipe 1 of φ 110, passes sequentially through Grid 6, water hole 7, the part of miniature artificial swamp 5 four, flow out eventually through the outlet pipes 4 of φ 110, water outlet can store nearby or In draining into farmland.This facility removes sewage by wet land system again afterwards using the bulky grain suspension in the removal sewage of grid 6 In pollutant after discharge or reuse agriculture fill.Gravel in miniature artificial swamp 5 can gradually form one layer of biomembrane, in sewage Organic matter is mainly by the microbial degradation on biomembrane.The root of water plant through in soil layer, gravel and water body, aquatic plant Thing root is enriched a large amount of microorganisms, further reduces pollutant, while root absorption nitrogen, phosphorus etc. are as nutriment, improves Effluent quality.This facility treatment water is no more than 1.50m3/ d, the overall hydraulic load 0.5m of miniature artificial swamp 53/m2.d.Periodically Unnecessary plant, grid 6 in cleaning Aquatic-plant Pond;Periodically harvesting and cleaning plant, and periodically wetland surface is loosened the soil, Water outlet can reach one-level B standard, be capable of achieving the recycling of sewage, most importantly beautiful with certain economic benefit Change rural environment, realize environmental benefit and economic benefit bumper harvests.
It is understood that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, can be done with technology according to the present invention design Go out other various corresponding changes and deformation, and all these changes and deformation should all belong to the protection model of the claims in the present invention Enclose.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility, it is characterised in that:Including be sequentially connected water inlet pipe (1), grille well (2), Pond (3), outlet pipe (4), grid (6) is provided with the grille well (2), pond (3) side being connected with the grille well (2) Offer water hole (7) on wall, be provided with artificial swamp (5) in the pond (3), the artificial swamp (5) including by it is left extremely The first wetland (501), the second wetland (502), the 3rd wetland (503), the 4th wetland (504), described first that the right side is sequentially connected Gravel is equipped with wetland (501), the second wetland (502), the 3rd wetland (503), the 4th wetland (504), described first is wet Planted on ground (501), the 4th wetland (504) interior gravel and be implanted with big poly- algae (10), second wetland (502), the 3rd wetland (503) Planted on interior gravel and be implanted with aquatic wetland plant (11).
2. joint household sewage treatment facility in rural area according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First wetland (501) and Between second wetland (502), between the second wetland (502) and the 3rd wetland (503), the 3rd wetland (503) and the 4th wetland (504) partition wall (8) is provided between, water pipe (9) was provided with the partition wall (8).
3. joint household sewage treatment facility in rural area according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Each column partition wall is provided with 7 on (8) Root crosses water pipe (9), and spacing is 0.2m between the water pipe (9) excessively on each column partition wall (8).
4. joint household sewage treatment facility in rural area according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First wetland (501), The thickness of laying gravel is followed successively by 200-300mm, 550- in two wetlands (502), the 3rd wetland (503), the 4th wetland (504) 650mm、550-650mm、200-300mm。
5. joint household sewage treatment facility in rural area according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:First wetland (501) and The thickness of laying gravel is equal in 4th wetland (504), laying gravel in second wetland (502) and the 3rd wetland (503) Thickness it is equal.
6. joint household sewage treatment facility in rural area according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:First wetland (501), The particle diameter of laying gravel is followed successively by 80-100mm, 30- in two wetlands (502), the 3rd wetland (503), the 4th wetland (504) 50mm、20-30mm、80-100mm。
7. joint household sewage treatment facility in rural area according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:First wetland (501), Two wetlands (502), the 3rd wetland (503), the headroom size of the 4th wetland (504) be respectively 200 × 1500mm~600 × 1500mm, 800 × 1500mm~1200 × 1500mm, 800 × 1500mm~1200 × 1500mm, 200 × 1500mm~600 × 1500mm。
8. joint household sewage treatment facility in rural area according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The headroom of the grille well (2) Size is 0.6 × 0.6 × 1.0m.
9. joint household sewage treatment facility in rural area according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The aquatic wetland plant (11) Including water hyacinth, cattail, Leersia Sw, duckweed, canna.
CN201710155777.9A 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility Pending CN106904744A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710155777.9A CN106904744A (en) 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710155777.9A CN106904744A (en) 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106904744A true CN106904744A (en) 2017-06-30

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710155777.9A Pending CN106904744A (en) 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1333190A (en) * 2000-07-11 2002-01-30 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Sewage treatment method and equipment thereof
CN102351378A (en) * 2011-07-12 2012-02-15 江西致远环保技术有限公司 Method and system for processing rural sewage in artificial wetlands
CN105293841A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-02-03 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 Constructed wetland and infiltration system-combined rural sewage deep processing method and apparatus
CN206635116U (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-11-14 中国市政工程中南设计研究总院有限公司 A kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1333190A (en) * 2000-07-11 2002-01-30 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Sewage treatment method and equipment thereof
CN102351378A (en) * 2011-07-12 2012-02-15 江西致远环保技术有限公司 Method and system for processing rural sewage in artificial wetlands
CN105293841A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-02-03 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 Constructed wetland and infiltration system-combined rural sewage deep processing method and apparatus
CN206635116U (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-11-14 中国市政工程中南设计研究总院有限公司 A kind of rural area joint household sewage treatment facility

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