CN106904560A - A kind of well cover opening device - Google Patents

A kind of well cover opening device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106904560A
CN106904560A CN201710258214.2A CN201710258214A CN106904560A CN 106904560 A CN106904560 A CN 106904560A CN 201710258214 A CN201710258214 A CN 201710258214A CN 106904560 A CN106904560 A CN 106904560A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sleeve
support bar
bar
cover opening
well cover
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710258214.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106904560B (en
Inventor
张发军
杨晶晶
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China Three Gorges University CTGU
Original Assignee
China Three Gorges University CTGU
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Priority to CN201710258214.2A priority Critical patent/CN106904560B/en
Publication of CN106904560A publication Critical patent/CN106904560A/en
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Publication of CN106904560B publication Critical patent/CN106904560B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F11/00Lifting devices specially adapted for particular uses not otherwise provided for
    • B66F11/04Lifting devices specially adapted for particular uses not otherwise provided for for movable platforms or cabins, e.g. on vehicles, permitting workmen to place themselves in any desired position for carrying out required operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F7/00Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts
    • B66F7/10Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms supported directly by jacks
    • B66F7/12Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms supported directly by jacks by mechanical jacks
    • B66F7/14Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms supported directly by jacks by mechanical jacks screw operated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F7/00Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts
    • B66F7/28Constructional details, e.g. end stops, pivoting supporting members, sliding runners adjustable to load dimensions

Abstract

A kind of well cover opening device, including the support bar that two middle parts are hinged, an elevating mechanism is connected at support bar two ends, and universal wheel is mounted in each elevating mechanism lower end, and two groups of well lid Gou Qu mechanisms are provided with a support bar wherein;The Gou Qu mechanisms include the pipe sleeve being enclosed within support bar and the hook being connected on pipe sleeve, and the pipe sleeve can horizontally slip on support bar;The present invention easily can lift well lid, and move to specified location.

Description

A kind of well cover opening device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of well cover opening device.
Background technology
It is, it is necessary to move out well head to well lid, well lid moves out well head and needs desilting and optical cable maintenance is carried out to sewer Want workman to take just can move to other places very much well lid energetically, and also be not easy very much when well lid is restored to the original state.Thus take When it is laborious, reduce efficiency.
The content of the invention
Present invention solves the technical problem that being to provide a kind of well cover opening device, in that context it may be convenient to lift well lid, and move Move specified location.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme is that:A kind of well cover opening device, including two middle parts The support bar being hinged, an elevating mechanism is connected at support bar two ends, and ten thousand are mounted in each elevating mechanism lower end To wheel, two groups of well lid Gou Qu mechanisms are installed on a support bar wherein;
The Gou Qu mechanisms include the pipe sleeve being enclosed within support bar and the hook being connected on pipe sleeve, and the pipe sleeve can be in support bar On horizontally slip.
The elevating mechanism includes sleeve, handle, leading screw, plane bearing, back-up ring, positioning sleeve, sliding block and nut:Under sleeve End is fixed on universal wheel, and sleeve outer wall offers a breach, and positioning sleeve is inserted in sleeve, and positioning set upper side has a circle Flange, flange is pressed on sleeve nozzle, and plane bearing and back-up ring are successively set on flange from down to up, and leading screw is located at sleeve Interior, leading screw upper end is fixedly connected with optical axis, and the optical axis sequentially passes through positioning sleeve, plane bearing and back-up ring and handle from down to up It is fixedly connected, a ring flat-plate is fixed with optical axis, a counterbore is offered on back-up ring, the ring flat-plate is located in the counterbore, spiral shell Mother is arranged on leading screw, and sliding block is located at outside sleeve, and the sliding block is connected by many screws with the nut, the equal position of each screw In in sleeve breach.
The support bar is square hollow pipeline, and each elevating mechanism is connected to support bar one end by a flexible square bar, Square bar one end is connected with sliding block, and square bar other end is inserted in support bar.
It is provided with a plurality of guide rail parallel on support bar, multiple pulleys is connected with pipe sleeve interior axle, is enclosed within support in pipe sleeve Afterwards, each pulley is pressed on each bar guide rail.
The hook is connected by a rotation-preventing mechanism with pipe sleeve, and the rotation-preventing mechanism includes being fixed on connecing in pipe sleeve Bar, is fixed with locating piece on extension bar, the first face gear, first face gear and a second face tooth are installed with locating piece Wheel is meshed, and through hole is offered in the middle part of the first face gear, and hook one end is fixed through through hole with the second face gear from the bottom to top Connection.
The hook includes that upper end is fixedly connected on montant with the second face gear, and cross bar middle part is fixedly connected under montant End, is fixedly connected with driving lever in the middle part of montant.
Screwed hole is offered on pipe sleeve, jackscrew is installed in the screwed hole, jackscrew is resisted against on shown support bar.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:Hook can be moved in well lid dog hole using elevating mechanism, reuse liter Well lid is pulled out well head by descending mechanism, and well lid finally is moved into appointed place using universal wheel, realizes unlatching and shifting to well lid It is dynamic, it is simple to operate, time saving and energy saving;Still further aspect, two support bars of this patent can draw in, each elevating mechanism can be with support bar Separate, this structure can be received and transported with convenient construction personnel to device;On the other hand, rotation-preventing mechanism can prevent from hanging Hook rotation, it is to avoid hook departs from well lid during mobile well lid, security when raising is used.
Brief description of the drawings
The present invention is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is dimensional structure diagram of the invention,
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view on elevating mechanism of the invention,
Fig. 3 is the partial enlargement structural representation on elevating mechanism of the invention,
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view on Gou Qu mechanisms of the invention,
Fig. 5 is present invention structural representation when in use,
Fig. 6 is the overlooking the structure diagram of well lid.
In figure:Support bar 1, pipe sleeve 2, elevating mechanism 3, hook 4, universal wheel 5, square bar 6, hinge 7, rotation-preventing mechanism 8, guide rail 11st, pulley 21, jackscrew 22, sleeve 31, leading screw 32, optical axis 33, nut 34, positioning sleeve 35, plane bearing 36, back-up ring 37, handle 38th, sliding block 39, montant 41, cross bar 42, driving lever 43, extension bar 81, locating piece 82, the first face gear 83, the second face gear 84, well lid 91st, foundation ring 92, breach 311, grooving 912, opening 913, protrusion 921, dog hole 911, flange 351.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1 to 3, a kind of well cover opening device, including the support bar 1 that two middle parts are hinged, in support bar 1 Two ends are connected to an elevating mechanism 3, and universal wheel 5 is mounted in the lower end of each elevating mechanism 3, a support bar wherein Two groups of Gou Qu mechanisms of well lid 91 are installed on 1;
The Gou Qu mechanisms include the pipe sleeve 2 that is enclosed within support bar 1 and the hook 4 being connected on pipe sleeve 2, and the pipe sleeve 2 can be Horizontally slipped on support bar 1.
Municipal manhole cover structure is as it can be seen in figures 5 and 6, it is by a foundation ring 92 for fixing on the ground and is fastened on foundation ring 92 Well lid 91 constitute, a circle grooving 912 is offered on the periphery of well lid 91, offer multiple openings on the bottom surface of grooving 912 913, a counterbore is provided with foundation ring 92, it is provided with a plurality of with 913 corresponding protrusions 921 of the opening of well lid 91 on counterbore internal face, It is that the 913 alignment foundation rings 92 that are open of well lid 91 are first protruded 921 when needing to put into well lid 91 in the counterbore of foundation ring 92, is putting Lower well lid 91, allows protrusion 921 to be entered into grooving 912 through opening 913, and well lid 91 then is rotated into an angle, allows protrusion 921 stagger with opening 913, can be thus fixed with well lid 91, it is to avoid well lid 91 is arbitrarily opened;When needing well lid 91 During unlatching, then first rotating well cover 91 is needed, after opening 913 is turned into the top of protrusion 921, then well lid 91 is lifted, by well head Open.
The present invention when in use, as shown in figure 4, move left and right pipe sleeve 2 by above device to well lid 91 first, allows two Hook 4 is directed at two dog holes 911 on well lid 91(The dog hole 911 of well lid 91 generally keyhole shape), the driving support bar of elevating mechanism 3 1 declines, and allows two hooks 4 to be inserted into dog hole 911, pipe sleeve 2 is moved again, it is ensured that hook 4 can catch on well lid 91, in both hands Two hooks 4 are held, well lid 91 is rotated into an angle, the breach 311 of well lid 91 is turned into the top of 92 flange of foundation ring 351;With Four synchronous risings of elevating mechanism 3, foundation ring 92 is pulled out by well lid 91 afterwards, can be moved well lid 91 finally by universal wheel 5 To appointed place.
Because two support bars 1 are that middle part is hinged, therefore two support bars 1 can be drawn in, reduce its volume, Operating personnel are facilitated to receive.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the elevating mechanism 3 include sleeve 31, handle 38, leading screw 32, plane bearing 36, back-up ring 37, Positioning sleeve 35, sliding block 39 and nut 34:The lower end of sleeve 31 is fixed on universal wheel 5, and the outer wall of sleeve 31 offers a breach 311, positioning sleeve 35 is inserted in sleeve 31, and the upper end of positioning sleeve 35 has a circle flange 351, and flange 351 is pressed in the nozzle of sleeve 31 On, plane bearing 36 and back-up ring 37 are successively set on flange 351 from down to up, and leading screw 32 is located in sleeve 31, on leading screw 32 End is fixedly connected with optical axis 33, and the optical axis 33 sequentially passes through positioning sleeve 35, plane bearing 36 and back-up ring 37 and hand from down to up Handle 38 is fixedly connected, and a ring flat-plate 331 is fixed with optical axis 33, and a counterbore is offered on back-up ring 37, and the ring flat-plate 331 is located at In the counterbore, nut 34 is arranged on leading screw 32, and sliding block 39 is located at outside sleeve 31, and the sliding block 39 passes through many screws 341 It is connected with the nut 34, each screw 341 is respectively positioned in the breach 311 of sleeve 31.
When using elevating mechanism 3, handle 38 can be rotated, drive leading screw 32 to rotate by handle 38, leading screw 32 drives spiral shell Female 34 move up and down, and realize the lifting to support bar 1, and this elevating mechanism 3 compares for jack, and its structure is simpler Single, weight and volume is smaller, is easy to workmen to operate and transport;Still further aspect, positioning sleeve 35 can be played to leading screw 32 The effect of positioning, it is to avoid during rotational lead screw 32, leading screw 32 is rocked;Still further aspect, plane bearing 36 can reduce friction, make silk Thick stick 32 rotates lighter.
The support bar 1 is square hollow pipeline, and each elevating mechanism 3 is connected to support bar 1 one by a flexible square bar 6 End, one end of square bar 6 is connected with sliding block 39, and the other end of square bar 6 is inserted in support bar 1.Square bar 6 enables elevating mechanism 3 Individually storage is disassembled from support bar 1, is easy to carry it and received;On the other hand, support bar 1 and the structure of square bar 6 Into an expansion link, and then the present apparatus can be allowed to be adapted to different size of well lid 91.
It is provided with a plurality of guide rail 11 parallel on support bar 1, multiple pulleys 21 is connected with the interior axle of pipe sleeve 2, is enclosed within pipe sleeve 2 After in support, each pulley 21 is pressed on each bar guide rail 11.This structure can conveniently move left and right pipe sleeve 2.
As shown in figure 4, the hook 4 is connected by a rotation-preventing mechanism 8 with pipe sleeve 2, the rotation-preventing mechanism 8 includes fixing Extension bar 81 in pipe sleeve 2, is fixed with locating piece 82 on extension bar 81, the first face gear 83 is installed with locating piece 82, described First face gear 83 is meshed with a second face gear 84, and through hole is offered at the middle part of the first face gear 83,4 one end of hook by Under supreme be fixedly connected with the second face gear 84 through through hole.When hook 4 catches on well lid 91 to be moved, hook 4 may rotation And deviate from from dog hole 911, rotation-preventing mechanism 8 can avoid linking up with 4 rotations during moving well lid 91.Its operating process is: Elevating mechanism 3 will link up with 4 be inserted into the dog hole 911 of well lid 91 after, can hook 4 lift slightly upward, allow the first face to take turns Separated with the second face wheel, in rotational hook 4, allow hook 4 to hook well lid 91;After elevating mechanism 3 lifts well lid 91, by In the gravity of itself of well lid 91, therefore can ensure that the second face wheel is pressed on the wheel of the first face all the time, and then avoid linking up with 4 rotations.
As shown in figure 5, the hook 4 includes that upper end is fixedly connected on montant 41, the middle part of cross bar 42 with the second face gear 84 The lower end of montant 41 is fixedly connected on, driving lever 43 is fixedly connected with the middle part of montant 41.Driving lever 43 can facilitate will hook 4 lift and Rotate.
Screwed hole is offered on pipe sleeve 2, jackscrew 22 is installed in the screwed hole, jackscrew 22 is resisted against shown support bar On 1.Jackscrew 22 is used to fix pipe sleeve 2, prevents the process pipe sleeve for moving well lid from sliding.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of well cover opening device, it is characterised in that:Including the support bar that two middle parts are hinged(1), in support bar(1) Two ends are connected to an elevating mechanism(3), in each elevating mechanism(3)Lower end is mounted on universal wheel(5), wherein one Support bar(1)On two groups of well lid Gou Qu mechanisms are installed;
The Gou Qu mechanisms include being enclosed within support bar(1)On pipe sleeve(2)Be connected to pipe sleeve(2)On hook(4), the pipe Set(2)Can be in support bar(1)On horizontally slip.
2. a kind of well cover opening device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The elevating mechanism(3)Including sleeve (31), handle(38), leading screw(32), plane bearing(36), back-up ring(37), positioning sleeve(35), sliding block(39)And nut(34):Set Cylinder(31)Lower end is fixed on universal wheel(5)On, sleeve(31)Outer wall offers a breach(311), positioning sleeve(35)It is inserted in Sleeve(31)It is interior, positioning sleeve(35)Upper end has a circle flange(351), flange(351)It is pressed in sleeve(31)On nozzle, plane axis Hold(36)And back-up ring(37)Flange is successively set on from down to up(351)On, leading screw(32)Located at sleeve(31)It is interior, leading screw(32) Upper end is fixedly connected with optical axis(33), the optical axis(33)Positioning sleeve is sequentially passed through from down to up(35), plane bearing(36)With Back-up ring(37)With handle(38)It is fixedly connected, in optical axis(33)On be fixed with a ring flat-plate(331), in back-up ring(37)On offer one Counterbore, the ring flat-plate(331)In the counterbore, nut(34)Installed in leading screw(32)On, sliding block(39)Positioned at sleeve (31)Outward, the sliding block(39)By many screws(341)With the nut(34)Connection, each screw(341)It is respectively positioned on set Cylinder(31)Breach(311)It is interior.
3. a kind of well cover opening device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The support bar(1)It is square hollow Pipeline, each elevating mechanism(3)By a flexible square bar(6)It is connected to support bar(1)One end, square bar(6)One end and sliding block (39)Connection, square bar(6)Other end is inserted in support bar(1)It is interior.
4. a kind of well cover opening device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:In support bar(1)On be provided with many parallel Bar guide rail(11), in pipe sleeve(2)Interior axle is connected with multiple pulleys(21), in pipe sleeve(2)After being enclosed within support above, each pulley(21)Pressure In each bar guide rail(11)On.
5. a kind of well cover opening device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The hook(4)By an anti-rotation Mechanism(8)With pipe sleeve(2)Connection, the rotation-preventing mechanism(8)Including being fixed on pipe sleeve(2)Interior extension bar(81), extension bar(81)On It is fixed with locating piece(82), in locating piece(82)On be installed with the first face gear(83), first face gear(83)With one Second face gear(84)It is meshed, in the first face gear(83)Middle part offers through hole, hook(4)One end passes through logical from the bottom to top Hole and the second face gear(84)It is fixedly connected.
6. a kind of well cover opening device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The hook(4)Including upper end and the Two face gears(84)It is fixedly connected on montant(41), cross bar(42)Middle part is fixedly connected on montant(41)Lower end, in montant(41) Middle part is fixedly connected with driving lever(43).
7. a kind of well cover opening device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In pipe sleeve(2)On offer screwed hole, Jackscrew is installed in the screwed hole(22), jackscrew(22)It is resisted against shown support bar(1)On.
CN201710258214.2A 2017-04-19 2017-04-19 A kind of well cover opening device Active CN106904560B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710258214.2A CN106904560B (en) 2017-04-19 2017-04-19 A kind of well cover opening device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710258214.2A CN106904560B (en) 2017-04-19 2017-04-19 A kind of well cover opening device

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CN106904560A true CN106904560A (en) 2017-06-30
CN106904560B CN106904560B (en) 2019-01-22

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2219569A (en) * 1988-06-10 1989-12-13 George Anthony Manser The portable engine lifting tripod as engineers tent
DE3802034C2 (en) * 1988-01-25 1990-02-08 Cielker, Werner, 5000 Koeln, De
EP0991822A1 (en) * 1997-06-27 2000-04-12 Jakob Munch-Fals A well cover lifting tool
CN104444940A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-03-25 北京天润建设有限公司 Well lid lifting and mounting device
CN204549919U (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-08-12 江苏师范大学 Spiral manhole cover lifting machine
CN204981046U (en) * 2015-07-30 2016-01-20 济南汇通联合市政工程有限责任公司 Well lid hoist and mount landing gear
CN105668468A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-06-15 国网山东省电力公司郓城县供电公司 Hydraulic type cable well lid opening device
CN106395695A (en) * 2015-07-30 2017-02-15 济南汇通联合市政工程有限责任公司 Well lid up-down lifting device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3802034C2 (en) * 1988-01-25 1990-02-08 Cielker, Werner, 5000 Koeln, De
GB2219569A (en) * 1988-06-10 1989-12-13 George Anthony Manser The portable engine lifting tripod as engineers tent
EP0991822A1 (en) * 1997-06-27 2000-04-12 Jakob Munch-Fals A well cover lifting tool
CN104444940A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-03-25 北京天润建设有限公司 Well lid lifting and mounting device
CN204549919U (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-08-12 江苏师范大学 Spiral manhole cover lifting machine
CN204981046U (en) * 2015-07-30 2016-01-20 济南汇通联合市政工程有限责任公司 Well lid hoist and mount landing gear
CN106395695A (en) * 2015-07-30 2017-02-15 济南汇通联合市政工程有限责任公司 Well lid up-down lifting device
CN105668468A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-06-15 国网山东省电力公司郓城县供电公司 Hydraulic type cable well lid opening device

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