CN106888681A - Harvester - Google Patents

Harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106888681A
CN106888681A CN201611197525.4A CN201611197525A CN106888681A CN 106888681 A CN106888681 A CN 106888681A CN 201611197525 A CN201611197525 A CN 201611197525A CN 106888681 A CN106888681 A CN 106888681A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
assembly
stalk
fruit ear
branch
suspension
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611197525.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马源
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Xiangtan Zhilian Technology Matastasis Promote Co Ltd
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Xiangtan Zhilian Technology Matastasis Promote Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Xiangtan Zhilian Technology Matastasis Promote Co Ltd filed Critical Xiangtan Zhilian Technology Matastasis Promote Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510953648.5A priority Critical patent/CN106258194A/en
Priority to CN201611197525.4A priority patent/CN106888681A/en
Publication of CN106888681A publication Critical patent/CN106888681A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D45/00Harvesting of standing crops
    • A01D45/02Harvesting of standing crops of maize, i.e. kernel harvesting
    • A01D45/021Cornheaders
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D45/00Harvesting of standing crops
    • A01D45/02Harvesting of standing crops of maize, i.e. kernel harvesting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D45/00Harvesting of standing crops
    • A01D45/02Harvesting of standing crops of maize, i.e. kernel harvesting
    • A01D45/021Cornheaders
    • A01D45/025Snapping rolls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D34/00Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters
    • A01D34/01Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus
    • A01D34/02Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having reciprocating cutters
    • A01D34/03Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having reciprocating cutters mounted on a vehicle, e.g. a tractor, or drawn by an animal or a vehicle
    • A01D34/04Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having reciprocating cutters mounted on a vehicle, e.g. a tractor, or drawn by an animal or a vehicle with cutters at the front
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D34/00Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters
    • A01D34/01Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus
    • A01D34/02Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having reciprocating cutters
    • A01D34/13Cutting apparatus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/06Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/06Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material
    • A01D43/063Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material in or into a container carried by the mower; Containers therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/06Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material
    • A01D43/063Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material in or into a container carried by the mower; Containers therefor
    • A01D43/0638Rigid containers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/06Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material
    • A01D43/077Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material with auxiliary means, e.g. fans, for transporting the mown crop
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/08Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/08Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters
    • A01D43/081Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters specially adapted for ensilage of maize
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/08Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters
    • A01D43/086Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters and means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D45/00Harvesting of standing crops
    • A01D45/02Harvesting of standing crops of maize, i.e. kernel harvesting
    • A01D45/028Harvesting devices mounted to a vehicle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D57/00Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D57/00Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers
    • A01D57/01Devices for leading crops to the mowing apparatus
    • A01D57/02Devices for leading crops to the mowing apparatus using reels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D57/00Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers
    • A01D57/22Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers for standing stalks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D57/00Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers
    • A01D57/26Plates arranged behind the cutter-bar for guiding the cut grass or straw
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D65/00Grain-crop lifters
    • A01D65/02Lifting fingers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D67/00Undercarriages or frames specially adapted for harvesters or mowers; Mechanisms for adjusting the frame; Platforms

Abstract

The harvester that the present invention is provided, including chassis assembly, gather in assembly, transmit assembly, the assembly that gathers materials, drive assembly and drive assembly, wherein, harvesting assembly, drive assembly, the assembly that gathers materials and be successively set in chassis assembly, transmission assembly is located at chassis assembly, drive assembly provides power drive for the mechanical movement of whole machine, harvesting assembly is used for harvesting corn fruit ear and cane, and transmission assembly is for the whole strain corn of transmission independently, harvested corn ear and harvested corn stem to the assembly that gathers materials.Relative to prior art, the harvester that the present invention is provided is specially adapted for Chinese fresh edible maize planting environment, had both possessed stalk-spike-reaping function, moreover it is possible to row is not gathered in, without human assistance, the function that can automatically gather in and gather materials, reduces cost;Additionally, the harvester that the present invention is provided reduces fruit ear damage ratio, the recovery total of stalk is increased, improve income.

Description

Harvester
Technical field
It is to be related to a kind of harvester specifically the present invention relates to automated agricultural machine equipment, especially full-automatic stalk-spike-reaping Type harvester.
Background technology
The harvesting of grain corn is once to complete harvesting, heap, cane to corn with machinery after corn wax ripeness once to go back field Deng multi-mode operation, and the difference that fresh edible maize harvesting is gathered in grain corn is fresh edible maize harvesting is entered in corn milking maturity Row harvesting.
It is reported that China's grain corn harvesting technology has tended to ripe, its technical process is:Gathered in grain corn Machine carries out harvesting (stalk harvesting of referred to as standing) under corn growth state, and in the presence of snapping bar and harvesting plate, fruit ear handle is drawn It is disconnected.From root being shredded into disintegrating mechanism after straw cutting, stalk lands cutter naturally after chopping.Then fruit ear is transported to On field, peeling is carried out with peeling machine, the threshing after drying.At this stage, the research of domestic and international corn picker with production into Ripe, Hesperian corn harvesting (including seed and straw ensiling) such as the U.S., Germany, Ukraine, Russia is realized substantially Do mechanization operation.Various countries take corresponding harvesting mode respectively according to area condition and the difference of tillage method:In U.S. State, Canada and every Western Europe country, the moisture content of corn kernel is relatively low during due to harvesting, is typically changed the outfit on grain combine Corn harvesting bench, large area is directly stored up using grain combine (directly harvesting using the harvesting mode of direct threshing Corn kernel);And in some countries of Russia, Ukraine and Eastern Europe, because corn is high in harvest time grain water content, be not suitable for Direct threshing, therefore special corn combine harvesting corn fruit ear is used, wide variety of is special corn harvester Tool (harvesting corn fruit ear), can carry out harvesting, fruit ear peeling and silage operation, realize stalk-spike-reaping.By current kind Implant model is limited, and mainly based on the harvesting of whole fringe, the type of direct harvesting corn seed is less, and grain is beautiful for the harvesting mode of China The rice main type of harvester is divided into self-propelled single file formula, backpack, towed, multirow, stalk-spike-reaping formula and not parallel type, especially with Based on backpack mode.
It will be further appreciated that, with respect to grain corn harvesting technology for, the fresh edible maize mechanical harvesting of China is only to touch In the rope stage, still there are a large amount of technological gaps, under the background that Re-search on Urbanization degree is deepened, government encourages Farmer Labors in City to work, and stays Keep the size of population reduces year by year, cost of labor more and more higher, is reduces cost, and each fresh edible maize place of production tends to mechanization hair Exhibition.But due to the limitation of prior art, fresh edible maize gathers in technology and encounters following problem in the development of China:
First, the planting environment to the Chinese fresh edible maize place of production is not suitable for
United States Patent (USP) US2014/0059994A1 discloses a kind of fresh edible maize harvester, and the fresh edible maize harvester is special Designed for the concentrating the arable land of large area dry farming in flakes of U.S. locality, be only limitted to gather in row, whole machine is heavier, fuselage is long, this Class fresh edible maize harvester is main to be manufactured by Oxbo companies of the U.S..And the fresh edible maize producing region of China is generally paddy field, mud pin it is deep and Area is little, and the fresh edible maize harvesting that only Chinese certain company for selling on the market at present manufactures to above-mentioned Oxbo companies The fresh edible maize harvester that eedle is improved to Chinese small scale-farm, it is only merely to carry out the machine that Oxbo companies design Diminution in size, does not carry out substantial improvement because China is generally paddy planting fresh edible maize.Because China is fresh Food corn producing region is mainly following several planting environments:The field of moist soft easy depression, the level land or hillside fields of furrow are not played, with And the field with furrow.Requirement of these fields to corn picker device is very high, it usually needs crosses ditch ridge, climb and carry out Row is not gathered in, and the large and small type fresh edible maize harvesting apparatus sold on the market can not only meet demand not to row harvesting, And its harvesting approach has easily sunken car, radius of turn is big, and harvesting efficiency is low, and grounding pressure is big, easy be collapsed soil reclamation dell and Ponding, so as to destroy farmland, causes the defects such as crop failure.
2nd, do not possess stalk-spike-reaping function
Disclosed according to China Statistical Yearbook in 2014, as the Two Mainstays industry that Chinese agriculture is produced, by the end of the year 2013, The total cultivated area of crops of China is up to 164626.9 thousand hectares, and wherein maize sown area is 36318.4 thousand hectares;China Livestock rearing number be up to 11853.2 ten thousand, wherein herding cattle breeding number is 10385.1 ten thousand.Corn is main as one kind The industrial crops wanted, are related to the fields such as new energy, chemical industry, there is indispensable status, and also often with corn as raw material Carry out the raising of herding ox.For example:Iblet can be used as food process raw material, animal feeding-stuff and industrial processes raw material, and beautiful Rice stalk can be used as the high energy feed of fertilizer also field or livestock particularly ox, and more valuable, maize straw can replace Part corn kernel pasture, substantially reduces feeding cost.Although but fresh edible maize harvester on the market can be by corn Stalk cuts off, but it does not possess stalk-spike-reaping function, and machine can only be accomplished to be thrown aside after maize straw is cut off in field, if Grain corn is gathered in, this kind of mode can also be used for also field using stalk as fertilizer, but when fresh edible maize harvesting is carried out, Often due to maize straw water content is too high, fertilizer is not suitable as, it is necessary to be processed again after manual recovery, for it It is extremely inconvenient in terms of him, and high cost.Even if additionally, there is machinery to possess the function of stalk-spike-reaping, it is also desirable to which machine is received The maize straw for cutting off is pulled to special processing place and is cut, and bothers very much.
3rd, fruit ear damage ratio is high
The cardinal principle of grain corn harvesting is to break fruit ear handle, it is necessary to by strong in the presence of snapping bar and harvesting plate Draw and fruit ear and stalk are separated to roller, because fresh edible maize is harvested in milk stage, water content is very high, and it is drop-down that grain corn is gathered in Harvesting mode is haled to roller and easily damages fruit ear bottom seed with the contact of stalk, fruit ear damage ratio is too high, therefore peasant household is to upper The acceptance level for stating corn picker is relatively low, and grain corn picker is completely unsuitable for fresh edible maize harvesting.
4th, mechanization degree is low
Current China has formed the big fresh edible maize production district in north and south two, and one is northern fresh edible maize area, including three provinces in the northeast of China, The areas such as Inner Mongol;Two is southern fresh edible maize area, the area such as including Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi, Yunnan.Due to artificial, logistics cost , in this year, has there is the township of corn in height --- the news that Compounds in Dongfang City of Hainan Province corn be nobody shows any interest in.If mechanization degree is high, Corn harvesting speed is fast, and all parts of the country can be sold to when fresh edible maize is most fresh, so as to break through fresh edible maize local stagnant The restriction of pin.
Summary technical problem understands that the fresh edible maize mechanized harvest technical elements of China are not started to walk also so far, Bottleneck as serious restriction fresh edible maize industry development;Especially in current various cropping patterns and in the case of depositing, eat raw Corn stalk-spike-reaping, the exploitation not to technologies such as row harvesting, fruit ear not damaged results, fruit ear removal of impurities are anticipated with special reality Justice, fresh edible maize harvesting machineryization is broken through for this has turned into the task of top priority.
The content of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems existing in the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a kind of harvester, can highly fit With the Chinese fresh edible maize place of production, so that suitable for the planting environment of Chinese fresh edible maize, the harvester possesses splendid economy Benefit and environmental benefit.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
Harvester, including chassis assembly, gather in assembly, transmit assembly, the assembly that gathers materials, drive assembly and drive assembly, its In, harvesting assembly, driving assembly, the assembly that gathers materials and be successively set in chassis assembly, transmission assembly is located at chassis assembly, drives Assembly provides power drive for the mechanical movement of whole machine, and harvesting assembly is used for harvesting corn fruit ear and cane, and transmission assembly is used for , to the assembly that gathers materials, gather materials assembly for the whole strain corn of transmission independently, harvested corn ear and harvested corn stem For carrying harvested corn ear and cane, driving assembly is used to control whole machine to complete harvesting.
Preferably, chassis assembly includes frame and a pair of creepers undercarriage for being arranged on frame both sides and be flexibly connected, Creeper undercarriage can be will not be described here using structure in the prior art.
Preferably, frame includes frame main body, the first suspension and the second suspension, the first suspension and the second suspension respectively with The homonymy of frame main body is flexibly connected.
It is highly preferred that the first suspension and the second suspension are hingedly connected to the front end of frame main body, and the first suspension is higher than the Two suspensions.
It is highly preferred that for overcome corn picker of the prior art to be easily destroyed with making maize farmland during travelling with And whole machine, in the defect low by performance on field side slope, the creeper undercarriage of the harvester of present invention offer is carried out using rubber Band, crawler width B is not more than the furrow width in southern field, and generally not greater than 0.4m, crawler belt spacing K are fresh more than south plantation The ridging width in food corn field, generally 0.8~1.2mm.
It is noted that be improve creeper undercarriage by performance, chassis assembly bottom is located in two crawler belts Between the lowest part of element contacted to earth higher than crawler belt the 350mm of bottom surface.
Preferably, driving assembly includes driving cabin mechanism, drives seat mechanism and operating mechanism, wherein, driving cabin mechanism peace In chassis assembly, correspondingly, drive seat mechanism and operating mechanism is arranged in driving cabin mechanism.
Preferably, the assembly that gathers materials includes spike collecting storehouse and stalk collecting bin, is respectively arranged on the left and right two ends of support assembly.
It is another object of the present invention in order to provide a kind of harvester for possessing stalk-spike-reaping function, can simultaneously gather in fruit Fringe simultaneously crushes the harvester of stalk, and can automatically gather in, without artificial treatment.
In above-mentioned harvester, harvesting assembly includes being successively set on from front to back along direct of travel in chassis assembly cutting stubble Whole strain crop is first cut off ground by mechanism, fruit ear harvest mechanism and stalk harvest mechanism, stubble cutting machine structure from bottom, then by fruit ear Harvest mechanism and stalk harvest mechanism respectively gather in fruit ear and stalk.
Preferably, the harvesting treatment of whole strain crop, the stubble cutting machine structure, fruit ear harvest mechanism and stalk are completed to cooperate with Harvest mechanism sets gradually, i.e., stubble cutting machine structure and stalk harvest mechanism are arranged on the two ends of fruit ear harvest mechanism, in other words, stalk Harvest mechanism, fruit ear harvest mechanism and stubble cutting machine structure set gradually along the harvesting direct of travel of whole machine.
It is noted that for the ease of stubble cutting machine structure, fruit ear harvest mechanism and stalk harvest mechanism work compound, fruit ear Harvest mechanism, stalk harvest mechanism and stubble cutting machine structure are in successively from top to bottom low setting high, and specifically, stubble cutting machine structure is located at fruit The front lower place of fringe harvest mechanism and stalk harvest mechanism, stalk harvest mechanism is located at the back lower place of fruit ear harvest mechanism.
Preferably, stubble cutting machine structure is flexibly connected with the second suspension.
Preferably, stubble cutting machine structure includes that ring puts case and reciprocating knife, and putting case by ring converts rotational motion into straight line Move back and forth and drive reciprocating knife so as to realize for crop cutting off ground.
Preferably, fruit ear harvest mechanism is flexibly connected with the first suspension.
Preferably, fruit ear harvest mechanism includes an at least fruit ear separation assembly, and the fruit ear separation assembly includes a pair of fruit ears Separate roller and a fruit ear separate roller suspension, fruit ear separate roller are flexibly connected with fruit ear separate roller suspension.
(also referred to as fruit ear separate roller to) be arranged in parallel but does not fit it is highly preferred that each pair fruit ear separate roller.
Preferably, stalk harvest mechanism is flexibly connected with the second suspension.
Preferably, the stalk disintegrating component completes cutting with stationary knife and moving knife, in other words, with spin when stationary knife is fixed The moving knife for turning completes cutting, moving knife and stationary knife being connected with the second suspension independently;Wherein, stationary knife can be by stationary knife fixture It is fixedly connected with the second suspension.
Preferably, stalk harvest mechanism includes an at least stalk disintegrating component, and stalk disintegrating component includes stationary knife and moving knife, Stationary knife is fixed on the second suspension, and moving knife is fixed on the second suspension by the power transmission shaft for driving it to rotate.
It is noted that the crush efficiency in order to improve stalk disintegrating component, the moving knife is arranged to spine by inventor Wheel movable cutter set, i.e., be socketed a ratchet on power transmission shaft in key connecting mode, and multiple moving knife are respectively arranged on the gear teeth of ratchet and are formed Ratchet movable cutter set, now power transmission shaft often rotate once, stalk will repeatedly be cut by multiple moving knife.As a kind of preferably real Mode is applied, multiple ratchets are provided with power transmission shaft while fixing a moving knife.
Additionally, for the ease of the replacing of stationary knife, a stationary knife fixture can be set up to connect stationary knife and the second suspension.In order to just In stationary knife and the fast quick-detach of moving knife, it is connected by screw bolts between stationary knife and stationary knife fixture, between moving knife and ratchet.
Used as a kind of preferably implementation method, moving knife is fixedly connected with power transmission shaft, and the spinning of moving knife is by power transmission shaft It is driven with drive sprocket and is driven, in other words, when carrying out stem cutting crushing, drive sprocket rotates and is driven rotating drive shaft And the spline being fixed on power transmission shaft, then transmission rotates moving knife, so as to complete the cooperation cutting and grinding between moving knife and stationary knife;Its In, moving knife is fixed by socket connection power transmission shaft by moving knife fixture, and consolidating for moving knife fixture and power transmission shaft is realized by being bonded to connect Fixed connection, so as to ensure the kinetic stability of moving knife.
It is highly preferred that the quantity Matching of stalk disintegrating component and fruit ear separation assembly, when stalk disintegrating component is for multiple, In order to simplify device structure and keep the stability of crushing process, multiple stalk disintegrating components can share a stationary knife and coordinate its each From moving knife use;For example, when stalk disintegrating component is two, moving knife is also two, but the stationary knife for using cooperatively only has one It is individual.
Further, since the limitation of prior art, known other crop stubble cutting machine structures are liftoff too high on the market, such as wheat Stubble cutting machine structure, so as to cannot directly use, and can make the stalk that harvester is stayed in milpa after gathering in too high, wasting Phenomenon, therefore in order to reach the economic benefit of maximum, stubble cutting machine structure is set to height adjustable by inventor, specifically can be by setting up one Height adjustment assembly is realized;The height adjustment assembly is also made up of a pair of hydraulic mandrils, and one end of every hydraulic mandril is hinged on In the frame main body of chassis assembly, the other end is hinged on the second suspension, so as to the terrain clearance for realizing stubble cutting machine structure front end can Adjust, the adaptability (note in different corn planting plot is obtained with this:There is furrow to plant plot or level land plantation plot), not only make fresh Food corn gather in when stalk harvesting it is as many as possible, also improve harvester entirely through performance.
It should be noted that because the growth position of each fruit ear on whole strain fresh edible maize is different, in order to reach full-automatic receipts The purpose cut, inventor sets fruit ear separate roller to non-horizontal directions, by the folder between fruit ear separate roller pair and the first suspension The angular dimension at angle carries out separation harvesting to realize the fruit ear for being directed to different height on whole strain fresh edible maize, so that growing height The fruit ear of different fresh edible maize can be gathered in from stalk;I.e. the stem of fruit ear separate roller pair is higher than afterbody;In other words, The stem of fruit ear separate roller pair is hinged on the front end of the first suspension, and afterbody is flexibly connected with fruit ear separate roller suspension, and fruit ear is separated Roller suspension articulation is in the rear end of the first suspension.
It is noted that for above-mentioned harvesting requirement, to ensure the stability of the fruit ear harvesting structure, inventor passes through Research and many experiments find, carry out when fruit ear is gathered in and do not apply to that fruit ear separate roller suspension is set into a linear structure, change Yan Zhi, it is in a firing angle that fruit ear separate roller pair and fruit ear separate roller suspension are set, and will interfere follow-up stalk transmission and harvesting angle The regulation of degree, and occur that fresh edible maize departs from the phenomenon of transmission assembly by cane after fruit ear separation.Therefore, inventor's wound The property made by fruit ear separate roller suspension design into the two-part structure being hinged, in other words, the terrain clearance of fruit ear separate roller suspension Adjustable, now, the first suspension, fruit ear separate roller pair are in a polygon, correspondingly, two sections of the suspension with fruit ear separate roller suspension Fruit ear separate roller pair and the first suspension are connected respectively, and now fruit ear separate roller suspension is in non-rectilinear state, you can by adjusting fruit Fringe separates the angle of suspension and realizes the regulation of angle between fruit ear separate roller pair and the first suspension, so as to realize that harvesting angle can Adjust.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a kind of harvester, full-automatic biography is also realized while full-automatic stalk-spike-reaping Send material.In above-mentioned harvester, corresponding to the stalk harvest mechanism and fruit ear harvest mechanism of harvesting assembly, transmission assembly includes stem Stalk connecting gear and fruit ear connecting gear, transmission assembly also include branch's clamping device, for stubble cutting machine structure to be cut off into ground Whole strain crop carry out branch's combing and be sent to harvesting assembly;Wherein, branch's clamping device, stalk connecting gear and fruit ear are passed Mechanism is sent separately to be connected in chassis assembly.
Preferably, branch's clamping device is on the first suspension.
Preferably, branch's clamping device includes at least branch's component and at least a clamp assemblies, advances along the harvester Direction, branch's component is fixed on the front end of the first suspension, and clamp assemblies are connected to the transmission end of branch's component and are fixed on On one suspension and parallel with two sides of the first suspension, in other words, branch's component is used cooperatively with end to end clamp assemblies.
It is highly preferred that branch's component is used to be separately fed whole strain corn in clamp assemblies successively subsequently to be transmitted, Therefore, branch's component can be a point standing grain part with multiple moving teeth, used as a kind of preferably implementation method of point standing grain part, point standing grain part Star-wheel, ratchet or other forms of the prior art can be used, wherein each moving tooth gap should be not more than the diameter of corn stem.
It is further preferred that point standing grain part is for multiple and uses cooperatively, each two point standing grain part is used with unification clamp assemblies, In other words, two points of standing grain parts respectively positioned at a clamp assemblies head end both sides, corn is pulled in clamp assemblies respectively.This Outward, point standing grain part that can be different by changing clearance between gear teeth, is needed with the harvesting for adapting to stalk cross section fresh edible maize of different sizes Ask.
As further preferred scheme, in order to expand the width of harvesting and realize not gathering in row, point standing grain part and one group Standing grain sprocket chain group is used cooperatively;Used as a kind of preferably implementation method, point standing grain part realizes corn with rice-pulling chain wheel chain group external toothing Collect, the width of point standing grain transmission increases.
Used as a kind of preferred embodiment is entered, rice-pulling chain wheel chain group is by multiple gears and the chain group for being engaged with connection Into chain is provided with multiple rice-pulling tooths, rice-pulling tooth and a point standing grain star-wheel external toothing;Each gear is separately fixed on the first suspension On;Gear drives through drive assembly and rotates, and driving chain, so that rice-pulling tooth is moved with chain movement direction, coordinates external toothing Each point of standing grain star-wheel, during crop can be made to sequentially enter back lash, and transmitted in order with the rotation of point standing grain star-wheel.More preferably, Rice-pulling chain wheel chain group sets three gears, and three gears are engaged with chain respectively, and make chain triangularity, now the transmission of chain group It is most stable;Correspondingly, point standing grain part of at least one external toothing therewith is provided with the rice-pulling tooth side of the rice-pulling chain wheel chain group.This When can be formed crop under the transmission of branch's component first along outside to inside again latter two direction of forward direction transmission, you can before realizing harvester The harvesting of the fresh edible maize strain in square certain area, meanwhile, when gathering in the strain of a large amount of fresh edible maizes it can again be sequentially transmitted so that Avoid congestion.
It is noted that in order that crop more smoothly carries out combing transmission, branch's clamping in branch's component Mechanism sets branch's component that at least one branch's component is equipped with the first suspension on the second suspension and enters row crop comb Reason, a point standing grain component for the first and second suspensions is mirrored into setting;In other words, upper end of the branch's component on the first suspension to crop A point standing grain transmission is carried out, the branch's component on the second suspension carries out a point standing grain transmission to the lower end of crop, and branch's assembly synergistic is made up and down More steady and smooth is carried out with the combing branch of crop can be made.The structure and annexation of the branch's component on the second suspension are equal It is consistent with foregoing branch's component, will not be repeated here.
It is highly preferred that clamp assemblies are the clamping transmission parts that at least one pair of parallel and laminating is set, clamping transmission parts include One drive and a conveyer belt, conveyer belt are socketed on drive and are driven therewith.
Further, the conveyer belt of transmission parts and point standing grain part and/or the rice-pulling chain wheel of connected branch's component are clamped Chain group is socketed, to realize the transfer rate synchronization and matching of clamp assemblies and branch's component.
Further, in order to improve the steadiness of conveyer belt clamping transmission, clamping transmission parts are additionally provided with some fits with two The clamping belt wheel that the axis of conveyer belt is affixed, clamping belt wheel is fixed on the first suspension;When each clamping belt wheel applies to conveyer belt One to binding face pressure, to ensure that two conveyer belts produce radial direction chucking power and can be along preceding to the crop entered between conveyer belt Clamping transmission backward.
Further, come off to ensure that conveyer belt will not relax from clamping transmission parts, also added in clamping transmission parts One clamping tensioning wheel group, clamping tensioning wheel group includes the connector of two clamping tensioning wheels and a connection two-wheeled, two clamping tensioning wheels The conveyer belt from the outside of clamp assemblies two applies a tensile force to it respectively, and clamping tensioning wheel group is fixed on the first suspension, makees It is a kind of preferably implementation method, clamping tensioning wheel group is fixed on the end of transmission belt.
Further, in practical operation, because branch's component transmission speed is faster than clamp assemblies, fresh edible maize strain is dividing Congestion is easily caused outside row clamping device, also or branch's component transmission speed is slower than clamp assemblies to easily cause harvesting efficiency low, therefore In order to avoid above mentioned problem occurs, the drive for clamping transmission parts is driven by a motor, as the driving of branch's clamping device, Drive is driven conveyer belt, then is driven point standing grain part and/or the rice-pulling chain wheel chain group being socketed with conveyer belt, is finally driven other multiple Divide standing grain part.
Preferably, in actually harvesting, because every plant of height of fresh edible maize is different, cannot in order to avoid there is harvester The situation of certain plant shorter of fresh edible maize is clamped, similar to fruit ear harvest mechanism, branch's clamping device also is provided with a height and adjusts Component, similarly, the height adjustment assembly is made up of a pair of hydraulic mandrils, and one end of every hydraulic mandril is articulated with frame master Body, the other end is articulated with the first suspension, and workman can adjust branch's folder by adjusting the length of the hydraulic mandril on the first suspension The terrain clearance of mechanism is held, so as to the height of branch's clamping device can be heightened according to the difference of plant height or turned down.Meanwhile, Because fruit ear harvest mechanism is fixed on the first suspension, therefore the terrain clearance of fruit ear harvest mechanism is similarly adjustable, to meet difference Crop and operating environment to the demand of harvesting height.
Preferably, fruit ear connecting gear and stalk connecting gear are located in the second suspension and frame main body.
Preferably, it is contemplated that fruit ear transmission path needs to avoid driving assembly, and may be used also in view of fruit ear transmit process Removal of impurities of soaring is carried out, therefore fruit ear connecting gear includes an at least transfer assembly, gathers materials total for harvested fruit ear to be sent to Into;Used as a kind of preferred embodiment, fruit ear connecting gear can be set to multistage transfer assembly, specifically, including be sequentially connected with First order transfer assembly, second level transfer assembly, third level transfer assembly and fourth stage transfer assembly, wherein, the first order is passed Sending component, second level transfer assembly, third level transfer assembly are articulated with the second suspension, and fourth stage transfer assembly one end is articulated with Frame main body, the other end connects the assembly that gathers materials.
Further, first order transfer assembly is abreast located at the front end of the first suspension, second level transfer assembly and the first order Transfer assembly be arranged in parallel, and third and fourth grade of transfer assembly is vertically arranged with first and second grade of transfer assembly.
Further, transfer assembly can be any machinery with transmitting function in the prior art, such as conveyer belt, not do herein Repeat.
Preferably, stalk connecting gear pulls over component including stalk and stalk throws component, and wherein stalk component of pulling over sets In on the second suspension and positioned at the transmission end of clamp assemblies, stalk throws component and is located at the second suspension and frame main body, its Middle one end is located at the underface of stalk harvest mechanism, other end connection stalk collecting bin.
It is highly preferred that stalk is pulled over, component includes that being sequentially connected with ground stalk pulls over part and stalk pull-down member, specifically, stalk , located at the underface of clamp assemblies end, stalk pull-down member is located at the surface of stalk disintegrating mechanism for part of pulling over.
It is highly preferred that stalk throws component includes wind box, bellows blade and air duct, surface offers wind box thereon Enter wind-feeding inlet|, bellows blade is located in wind box, one end connection wind box of air duct, other end connection stalk collecting bin;Wind Casing be fixed on the second suspension and its enter wind-feeding inlet| located at stalk disintegrating component underface, air duct be located at the second suspension and Frame main body.
It is noted that the harvester that further advantage of the invention is also embodied in offer can be solved in the prior art not The problem not to row harvesting can be carried out, specially transmitting assembly and being additionally provided with a combing guiding mechanism makes with the cooperation of branch clamping device With the combing guiding mechanism foremost, for corn combing to be embarked on journey, can prevent a large amount of crops simultaneously located at the first suspension Transmission assembly is clamp-oned, so that gathering in assembly congestion and causing the problem of mechanical disorder and Crop damage.
Preferably, combing guiding mechanism is located at the front end of branch's component, and is made up of an at least combing guide.
It is highly preferred that a guide channel successively decreased along crop direct of travel width is formed between adjacent combing guide, The crop quantity that can make into harvester carries out combing and is oriented to and controls in optimum range.
Used as a kind of preferred embodiment, combing guide can be by the one of the wire coiling hollow fan with tapering point Shape combing guide, or a fanning strip form combing guide;And the afterbody of combing guide is located at a point standing grain part top.
Additionally, in order that outermost crop smoothly enter branch's clamping device in, combing guiding mechanism include at least one Linear guide, the linear guide is located at the outermost branch's component of the first suspension, now combing guiding mechanism can realize with The collection of the wide milpa of the first suspension, combing are simultaneously oriented to.
Relative to prior art, advantage of the invention is:
1. a kind of harvester for being specially adapted for Chinese fresh edible maize planting environment is provided, and its contact area is big, than pressure It is small, thus depression is difficult, it is difficult to damage farmland by pressure, whole machine is improve on field side slope by performance, and creeper undercarriage can The characteristic of one side brake can provide less radius of turn, improve the operating efficiency of machine.
2. existing corn picker is more suitable for the harvesting of grain corn, and machine can only be accomplished to be thrown aside after maize straw is cut off In in field, for fresh edible maize, artificial pickup is also needed, the harvester that the present invention is provided possesses stalk-spike-reaping function, The full-automatic function of gathering in and gather materials is also achieved, without human assistance, reduces cost.
3. the harvester that the present invention is provided can gather in the corn of different spacings, strong adaptability.
4. the fruit ear harvesting mode that the present invention is provided avoids the situation of machine clamp fresh edible maize fruit ear, reduces fruit ear Damage ratio, improves corn commercial value.
5. the harvester that the present invention is provided can to greatest extent gather in the stalk of fresh edible maize, and the recovery for increasing stalk is total Amount, improves farmers' income.
Additionally, meet the requirement of energy-saving and emission-reduction, therefore its application prospect is very wide.
Brief description of the drawings
The preferred embodiment right view of the harvester that Fig. 1 is provided for the present invention;
The preferred embodiment left view of the harvester that Fig. 2 is provided for the present invention;
The harvesting assembly stereogram that Fig. 3 is provided for the present invention;
A kind of better embodiment schematic diagram of the fruit ear harvest mechanism that Fig. 4 is provided for the present invention;
A kind of better embodiment schematic diagram of the stalk harvest mechanism that Fig. 5 is provided for the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the corn branch clamping for providing of the invention and the fundamental diagram of the lossless harvesting of fruit ear;
One preferred embodiment fundamental diagram of branch's component that Fig. 7 is provided for the present invention;
Another preferred embodiment fundamental diagram of branch's component that Fig. 8 is provided for the present invention;
The fundamental diagram of the fruit ear connecting gear that Fig. 9 is provided for the present invention;
Figure 10 pulls over and crushes the fundamental diagram for gathering in for the stalk that provides of the present invention;
Figure 11 pulls over a kind of better embodiment schematic diagram of component for the stalk that provides of the present invention;
Figure 12 throws the fundamental diagram of component for the stalk for providing of the invention;
In figure:
1st, chassis assembly, 11, frame, 111, frame main body, the 112, first suspension, the 113, second suspension, 114, height adjusts Section component, 12, creeper undercarriage;
2nd, assembly is gathered in, 21, stubble cutting machine structure, 22, fruit ear harvest mechanism, 221, fruit ear separation assembly, 2211, fruit ear separates Roller, 2212, fruit ear separate roller suspension, 23, stalk harvest mechanism, 231, stalk disintegrating component 2311, stationary knife, 2312, moving knife, 2313rd, power transmission shaft, 2314, ratchet movable cutter set, 2315, stationary knife fixture;
3rd, assembly is transmitted, 31, branch's clamping device, 311, branch's component, 3111, rice-pulling chain wheel chain group, 31111, gear, 31112nd, chain, 31113, rice-pulling tooth, 3112, point standing grain star-wheel, 312, clamp assemblies, 3121, clamping transmission parts, 31211, transmission Wheel, 31212, clamping belt wheel, 3123, clamping tensioning wheel group, 31231, clamping tensioning wheel, 32, fruit ear connecting gear, 321, first Level transfer assembly, 3211, catch, 3212, baffle plate, 322, second level transfer assembly, 323, third level transfer tape assemble, 324, the Level Four transfer tape assemble, 33, stalk connecting gear, 331, stalk pull over component, 3311, stalk pull over part, 33111, stalk leads To part, 33112, chain group of pulling over, 331121, wheel of pulling over, 331122, chain of pulling over, 331123, tooth of pulling over, 3312, stalk it is drop-down Part, 33121, spiral push jack roller, 332, stalk throw component, 3321, wind box, 3322, bellows blade, 3323, air duct, 3324th, wind-feeding inlet| is entered, 34, combing guiding mechanism, 341, combing guide, 342, linear guide;
4th, gather materials assembly, and 41, spike collecting storehouse, 42, stalk collecting bin;
5th, assembly is driven, 51, driving cabin mechanism, 52, drive seat mechanism, 53, operating mechanism.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is made with reference to embodiment and accompanying drawing further illustrate in detail, intactly.
The preferred embodiment schematic diagram of the harvester that Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is provided for the present invention, as shown in figure 1, the harvester bag Chassis assembly is included, assembly is gathered in, is transmitted assembly, the assembly that gathers materials, drives assembly, drive assembly, wherein, chassis assembly is total for other Into carrier, harvesting assembly, drive assembly, the assembly that gathers materials and be successively set in chassis assembly along the X-direction in Fig. 1, that is, gather in Assembly, the assembly that gathers materials are respectively arranged on the two ends for driving assembly, and in other words, the assembly that gathers materials, driving assembly, harvesting assembly are along whole machine Direct of travel is set in turn in chassis assembly, and transmission assembly is located at chassis assembly, and drive assembly is the mechanical movement of whole machine Power drive is provided, harvesting assembly is used for harvesting corn fruit ear and cane, and the whole strain of transmission that transmission assembly is used for independently is beautiful , to the assembly that gathers materials, the assembly that gathers materials is used to carry harvested corn for rice, harvested corn ear and harvested corn stem Fruit ear and cane, driving assembly is used to control whole machine to complete harvesting.Now, the operation process of whole machine is:Workman is driving assembly Inside drive harvester advances in corn field, retreat and turns, and control gather in assembly, transmit assembly carry out crops respectively Crop through gathering in is sent to harvesting and material transmission, final control transmission assembly the receipts that the assembly that gathers materials completes whole strain crop Cut.Correspondingly, the transmit process of material is:Crop is first gathered in by harvesting assembly, then completes to receive with transmission assembly Material transmission during cutting, the crop through gathering in finally is sent to the assembly that gathers materials by transmission assembly.
As shown in figure 1, chassis assembly includes frame and is arranged on frame both sides and a pair of crawler travel machines being flexibly connected Structure.Wherein, creeper undercarriage can be will not be described here using structure in the prior art;Creeper undercarriage is than wheeled row Walking mechanism has contact area big, than pressing small advantage, thus is difficult depression, is difficult to damage farmland by pressure, and creeper undercarriage can The characteristic of one side brake can provide less radius of turn, improve the operating efficiency of machine.It is noted that to improve Creeper undercarriage by performance, the lowest part that chassis assembly bottom is located at the element in the middle of two crawler belts contacts to earth higher than crawler belt The 350mm of bottom surface.In addition, for overcome corn picker of the prior art to be easily destroyed with making maize farmland during travelling with And whole machine, in the defect low by performance on field side slope, inventor is improved creeper undercarriage, specifically, this hair The creeper undercarriage of the harvester of bright offer uses rubber belt track, crawler width B to be not more than the furrow width in southern field, one As be no more than 0.4m, crawler belt spacing K more than south plantation fresh edible maize field ridging width, generally 0.8~1.2mm.
Frame is adjustable, detachable frame, is easy to assemble other assemblies in frame and coordinates other assemblies to carry out Operation;Frame as being used to integrate the carrier of other assemblies in chassis assembly, can specifically be divided into frame main body, the first suspension with And second suspension, wherein the first suspension and the second suspension are tower structure;First suspension and the second suspension respectively with frame The homonymy of main body is flexibly connected, as a kind of preferably implementation method, as shown in Figure 1:By taking X-direction as an example, the first suspension and Two suspensions are hingedly connected to the front end of frame main body, and the first suspension is higher than the second suspension.Now, the dress of frame and other assemblies It is with relation:Harvesting assembly drives assembly and the assembly that gathers materials is all connected with frame main body across the first suspension and the second suspension is set, and transmits Assembly is then located at the first suspension, the second suspension and frame main body.
As shown in figure 3, harvesting assembly includes stubble cutting machine structure, fruit ear harvest mechanism and stalk harvest mechanism, wherein, stubble cutting machine Structure is used to for crop to cut off ground, and fruit ear harvest mechanism is used to gather in fruit ear, and stalk harvest mechanism is used to gather in stalk.In order to assist With the harvesting treatment for completing whole strain crop, by taking X-direction as an example, the stubble cutting machine structure, fruit ear harvest mechanism and stalk harvest mechanism Set gradually, i.e., stubble cutting machine structure and stalk harvest mechanism are arranged on the two ends of fruit ear harvest mechanism, in other words, stalk harvester Structure, fruit ear harvest mechanism and stubble cutting machine structure set gradually along the harvesting direct of travel of whole machine.Additionally, for the ease of stubble cutting machine structure, Fruit ear harvest mechanism and stalk harvest mechanism work compound, by taking Y-direction as an example, fruit ear harvest mechanism, stalk harvest mechanism and cut Stubble mechanism is in successively from top to bottom low setting high, and specifically, stubble cutting machine structure is located at fruit ear harvest mechanism and stalk harvest mechanism Front lower place, stalk harvest mechanism located at fruit ear harvest mechanism the back lower place.Accordingly, place of the fresh edible maize in assembly is gathered in Reason process is:Whole strain fresh edible maize is first cut off into ground by stubble cutting machine structure, fruit ear separation is then carried out by fruit ear harvest mechanism, then By stalk harvest mechanism pulverization process is carried out to separating the stalk after fruit ear.
Wherein, for one by ring pendulum case driving reciprocating knife, the reciprocating knife can be realized to Maize Stem stubble cutting machine structure Stalk is not to the function of row harvesting, and the reciprocating of its cutter is to put case by ring circular motion is converted into linear reciprocation fortune Dynamic to realize, this cuts a batch structure and refers to wheat and cuts a batch structure, and therefore not to repeat here.As shown in Fig. 2 in order to realize the crop bottom of from Portion cuts off ground, extreme lower position of the stubble cutting machine structure located at the second suspension.Further, since the limitation of prior art, on the market Other crop stubble cutting machine structures known are liftoff too high, such as wheat stubble cutting machine structure, so as to cannot directly use, and can gather in harvester The stalk stayed in afterwards in milpa is too high, wasting phenomenon, therefore in order to reach the economic benefit of maximum, inventor will cut Stubble mechanism is set to height adjustable, can specifically be realized by setting up a height adjustment assembly;The height adjustment assembly is by a pair of hydraulic pressure Push rod is constituted, and one end of every hydraulic mandril is hinged in the frame main body of chassis assembly, and the other end is hinged on the second suspension, So as to the terrain clearance for realizing stubble cutting machine structure front end is adjustable, the adaptability (note in different corn planting plot is obtained with this:There is furrow Plantation plot or level land plantation plot), stalk harvesting is as more as possible when not only gathering in fresh edible maize, also improves harvester Entirely through performance.
As shown in figure 3, in the present embodiment, fruit ear harvest mechanism includes two groups of fruit ear separation assemblies, every group of fruit ear separation group The fruit ear separate roller of part is to be arrangeding in parallel but does not fit, and the gap between fruit ear separate roller pair can just accommodate crop stem, tool Body ground, the gap of fruit ear separate roller pair is not more than 4 centimetres.By taking X-direction as an example, the stem of fruit ear separate roller pair is hinged on first and hangs The front end of frame, afterbody is by the fruit ear separate roller suspension articulation of flexible connection in the rear end of the first suspension, now, fruit ear seperator Structure is suspended from the first suspension lower section, and the stem of fruit ear separate roller pair is higher than afterbody, is set in non-horizontal directions, can so meet knot The harvesting of the highly different fresh edible maize of fringe.It is noted that inventor has found by research and many experiments, fruit ear is carried out During harvesting and it is inapplicable fruit ear separate roller suspension is set to a linear structure, in other words, by fruit ear separate roller pair and fruit ear point It is in a firing angle to be set from roller suspension, will interfere follow-up stalk transmission and the regulation of harvesting angle, and fresh edible maize occurs Depart from the phenomenon of transmission assembly by cane after fruit ear separation.Therefore, inventor is creatively by fruit ear separate roller suspension design Into the two-part structure being hinged, as shown in figure 4, now, two sections of the suspension connect fruit ear separate roller pair and the first suspension respectively, Now fruit ear separate roller suspension is in non-rectilinear state, you can the angle β that suspension is separated by adjusting fruit ear is capable of achieving the tune of α Section, so as to realize gathering in adjustable angle.Additionally, in order to realize fruit ear separate roller to the lossless separation to fruit ear, inventor is in fruit The afterbody of fringe separate roller is provided with a two-way hydraulic motor for independently being provided to corresponding fruit ear separate roller from both sides respectively Make fruit ear separate roller to the driving force of counter-rotating is centrifuged each other, now fruit ear separate roller pair can be produced break downwards fruit such as staff The power of fringe, while the power that fruit ear separate roller pair is hit except fruit ear is effectively unloaded along the tangential direction of contact point, so as to avoid The position of fruit ear contact fruit ear separate roller is damaged.Additionally, the harvesting of the fresh edible maize in order to realize adaptation different height, inventor A hydraulic mandril is equally additionally arranged on the first suspension adjustable to realize the terrain clearance of the first suspension, one end hinge of hydraulic mandril Frame main body is connected to, the other end is articulated with the first suspension, the liftoff height of the first suspension is realized by the adjustable length of hydraulic mandril Degree is adjustable, so as to can realize that the terrain clearance of fruit ear harvest mechanism is adjustable high to harvesting to meet different crop and operating environment The demand of degree.
It is noted that almost all of corn picker can not all carry out the full-automatic harvesting of stalk in the prior art Treatment, but enter to be about to whole rhizome stalk is discarded in field after fruit ear is separated, then carry out artificial pickup treatment;And the present invention is carried The corn picker of confession can realize harvesting and the pulverization process of stalk while fruit ear is gathered in.Specifically, inventor's design Stalk harvest mechanism is used to gather in the stalk after being separated through fruit ear harvest mechanism, so as to realizing the stalk-spike-reaping of corn, crushes Stalk afterwards can be used as feed.As shown in figure 3, in the present embodiment, stalk harvest mechanism includes two stalk disintegrating components, stem Stalk shredder assemblies include stationary knife and moving knife, and stationary knife is fixed on the second suspension, and moving knife is fixed on by the power transmission shaft for driving it to rotate Second suspension;Power transmission shaft is by a drive sprocket transmission that spline couples therewith and then drives moving knife to rotate, fixed stationary knife Coordinate with the moving knife of rotation and complete cutting.Further, when stalk disintegrating component is for multiple, in order to simplify device structure and protect The stability of crushing process is held, multiple stalk disintegrating components can share a stationary knife and coordinate its respective moving knife to use, such as Fig. 4 institutes Show, the stalk disintegrating component is two, moving knife is also two, but the stationary knife only one of which for using cooperatively.It is noted that In order to improve the crush efficiency of stalk disintegrating component, the moving knife is arranged to ratchet movable cutter set by inventor, i.e., on power transmission shaft One ratchet is socketed in key connecting mode, multiple moving knife are respectively arranged on formation ratchet movable cutter set on the gear teeth of ratchet, now power transmission shaft Often rotate once, stalk will repeatedly be cut by multiple moving knife.Set many as a kind of preferably implementation method, on power transmission shaft Individual ratchet fixes moving knife simultaneously.Additionally, for the ease of the replacing of stationary knife, a stationary knife fixture can be set up to connect stationary knife and second Suspension.For the ease of stationary knife and the fast quick-detach of moving knife, spiral shell is used between stationary knife and stationary knife fixture, between moving knife and ratchet Tether and connect.
It is noted that the fruit ear separation assembly in fruit ear harvest mechanism should be with the stalk disintegrating in stalk harvest mechanism Component count is consistent, and in other words, fruit ear separation assembly is in correspondingly low setting high simultaneously coordinating operation with stalk disintegrating component, As shown in figure 3, fruit ear separation assembly is two with stalk disintegrating component.Now, stubble cutting machine structure, fruit ear harvest mechanism and stalk Harvest mechanism coordinate operation process be:Whole strain crop is cut off into ground from bottom by stubble cutting machine structure first, is then received by fruit ear Fruit ear separation assembly in cutting mill structure carries out fruit ear separation to crop, then by the foregoing fruit ear point of position correspondence of stalk harvest mechanism Stalk disintegrating component from component carries out pulverization process to separated stalk.
In order that the present invention provide harvester realizes whole-process automatic harvesting and transmits fruit ear and stalk, inventor is preceding State and be additionally arranged a transmission assembly on the basis of the harvesting assembly for realizing stalk-spike-reaping, for realizing the thing during stalk-spike-reaping Material is automatically delivered.As shown in figure 1, transmission assembly includes branch's clamping device, fruit ear connecting gear and stalk connecting gear, branch Clamping device is used for branch's transmission of whole strain crop to smoothly complete follow-up harvesting link through the crop not to row harvesting, Fruit ear transmission mechanism and stalk connecting gear are respectively used to transmit fruit ear and stalk, and wherein branch's clamping device is located at the first suspension On, fruit ear connecting gear and stalk connecting gear are located in the second suspension and frame main body, and correspondingly, material is total in transmission Transmit process in is:The whole strain crop that ground is first cut off to stubble cutting machine structure by branch's clamping device carries out branch and is sent to fruit Fringe harvest mechanism carries out stem fringe separation, and the fruit ear of separation then is sent into spike collecting storehouse, Ran Houyou by fruit ear transmission mechanism The stalk of separation is sent to stalk harvest mechanism and carries out harvesting treatment by stalk connecting gear, will finally be received by stalk connecting gear The stalk cut is sent to stalk collecting bin.
As shown in figure 3, in the present embodiment, branch's clamping device includes two branch's components (being divided to standing grain component) and two clampings Component, two branch's components are arranged side by side, and two clamp assemblies be arranged in parallel, wherein, Fig. 6 is clamped for the corn branch that the present invention is provided And the fundamental diagram of the lossless harvesting of fruit ear, branch's component is used to whole strain corn be separately fed in clamp assemblies successively carry out Follow-up transmission, clamp assemblies are used to be sequentially delivered to the crop of branch to gather in assembly.Branch's component is fixed in X direction The front end of one suspension, clamp assemblies are located at the transmission end of branch's component and are fixed on the first suspension along Y-direction and with first Two sides of suspension are parallel, and in other words, branch's component is used cooperatively with end to end clamp assemblies.Fig. 7 is provided for the present invention Branch's component a preferred embodiment fundamental diagram, as shown in fig. 7, branch's component include a rice-pulling chain wheel chain group and two points Standing grain star-wheel (divides standing grain part).Rice-pulling chain wheel chain group is used to be driven a point standing grain star-wheel, and a point standing grain star-wheel is entered by its clearance between gear teeth to crop Row combing in lines, and is transmitted the good crop of combing by its turning effort in an orderly manner;That is each two point standing grain meshing engagement one is pressed from both sides Component is held to use, in other words, two points of standing grain star-wheels respectively positioned at a clamp assemblies head end both sides, respectively by corn pull over into In clamp assemblies.Rice-pulling chain wheel chain group is separately fixed on the front end of the first suspension with point standing grain star-wheel.Rice-pulling chain wheel chain group It is made up of multiple gears and the chain for being engaged with connection, chain is provided with multiple rice-pulling tooths, outside rice-pulling tooth and point standing grain star-wheel Engagement;Each gear being fixed on the first suspension independently.It is dynamic between rice-pulling chain wheel chain group and point standing grain star-wheel in order to realize Power is transmitted, and rice-pulling chain wheel chain group sets three gears, and by taking X-direction as an example, two of which gear is located at front, after a gear is located at Side, makes chain triangularity, and now the transmission of chain group is most stable;Accordingly, in the front of the rice-pulling chain wheel chain group along Y-direction Above-mentioned two point standing grain star-wheel, each point of standing grain star-wheel and rice-pulling tooth external toothing are set.Further, in order to ensure a point standing grain star-wheel can Single combing and branch are carried out to crop, the clearance between gear teeth of point standing grain star-wheel can only hold a crop, that is, divide standing grain star-wheel each group Backlash is not more than the diameter of corn stem, and specifically, the clearance between gear teeth of point standing grain star-wheel is not more than 4 centimetres.Now, through driving Rice-pulling tooth transmission point standing grain star-wheel on gear drive chain-driving chain, point standing grain star-wheel of rotation drives crop to sequentially enter its wheel Tooth, and further by the single orderly transmission of crop.
In order that crop more smoothly carries out combing transmission in branch's component, as shown in figure 3, branch's clamp assemblies are Branch's component that branch's component is also provided with two suspensions to be equipped with the first suspension enters row crop combing, first and Branch's component of two suspensions is mirrored into setting.Another preferred embodiment operation principle of branch's component that Fig. 8 is provided for the present invention Figure, as shown in figure 8, the structure and annexation of branch's component on the second suspension are consistent with foregoing branch's component, herein Repeat no more.Through the rice-pulling tooth transmission point standing grain star-wheel on the gear drive chain-driving chain that drive assembly drives, rotation point Standing grain star-wheel drives crop to sequentially enter its gear teeth, and further by the single orderly transmission of crop;Now, the branch on the first suspension Component carries out a point standing grain transmission to the upper end of crop, and the branch's component on the second suspension carries out a point standing grain transmission to the lower end of crop, on The effect of lower branch assembly synergistic can make the combing branch of crop carry out more steady and smooth.
As shown in fig. 7, clamp assemblies include the clamping transmission parts that a pair of parallel and laminating is set, clamping transmission parts include one Drive and one is socketed on conveyer belt on drive;The conveyer belt and connected branch's component of wherein one clamping transmission parts A point of standing grain part socket, it is another clamping transmission parts conveyer belt and connected branch's component rice-pulling chain wheel chain group set Connect.Now, the master of branch's clamping device is driven to drive, and branch's component and clamp assemblies are realized under the driving of drive Be synchronized with the movement, therefore when the movement velocity of the branch's component on the first suspension and the second suspension is identical, be capable of achieving clamp assemblies and The transfer rate of branch's component is synchronous and matches, so that corn is smoothly transmitted in branch's component and clamp assemblies.Additionally, being The steadiness of conveyer belt clamping transmission is improved, and ensures that conveyer belt will not relax from clamping transmission parts and come off, clamping transmission Part is additionally provided with the clamping belt wheel that some axis that conveyer belt is fitted with two are affixed, and adds a clamping tensioning wheel group, clamps belt wheel It is fixed on the first suspension, when each clamping belt wheel applies the pressure to binding face to conveyer belt, to ensure two conveyer belts pair Radial direction chucking power is produced into the crop between conveyer belt and can be transmitted to rear clamping along preceding;Clamping tensioning wheel group includes two clampings The connector of tensioning wheel and a connection two-wheeled, conveyer belt of the two clamping tensioning wheels respectively from the outside of clamp assemblies two applies one to it Tensile force, clamping tensioning wheel group is fixed on the end of transmission belt.
It is noted that branch's clamping of the crop in order to adapt to different height, workman can be by adjusting the first suspension On the length of hydraulic mandril adjust the terrain clearance of branch's clamping device so that can be heightened according to the difference of plant height or Person turns down the height of branch's clamping device.
Additionally, in order to prevent a large amount of crops while causing congestion when clamp-oning fruit ear harvest mechanism and causing mechanical disorder and make The problem of thing loss, inventor sets up combing guiding mechanism with branch's clamping device cooperation in the front end of branch's clamping device Use, as shown in fig. 6, by taking Y-direction as an example, the combing guiding mechanism is located at the first suspension foremost, specifically being located at The front end of branch's component, and be made up of three combing guides, for corn combing to be embarked on journey.In the present embodiment, in order that most The crop in outside smoothly enters in branch's clamping device, and with branch's component matching paired in branch clamping device, first The outermost branch's component of suspension is provided with linear guide, and the two combing guidance sets in the middle of branch's component can be by metal The one of filament winding have tapering point hollow fan-shaped combing guide, or a fanning strip form combing guide, this reality Apply in example be a tapering point hollow fan-shaped combing guide, now combing guiding mechanism can realize the jade wide with the first suspension The rice collection of plant, combing are simultaneously oriented to.Wherein, the afterbody of combing guide is located at a point standing grain star-wheel top;A pair of combing guides Between form one and successively decrease guide channel along crop direct of travel width, specifically, the most narrow place's width of the guide channel is not more than 4 lis Rice, by the combing guide, can control in optimum range the crop quantity that the same time enters fruit ear harvest mechanism.Comb Reason guiding mechanism is as shown in Figure 6 with the coordinating operation process of branch's clamping device:Crop enters combing guide along Y-direction, and Orderly combing is carried out by the guide channel of combing guide, and sequentially enters point standing grain star-wheel, the rice-pulling chain wheel of branch's component Chain group, point standing grain star-wheel, until being sent to clamp assemblies carries out clamping transmission.
It is noted that transmitted to coordinate harvesting assembly to carry out the material in harvesting process, as shown in figure 1, with X side As a example by, the stubble cutting machine structure is being restrained to point with ensuring crop located at the posterior end of branch's component before cutting off ground In row component, that is, be not in by stubble cutting machine structure cut off the stalk on ground because cannot in time by branch's gripper mechanism grips and fall Under situation, in other words, crop cuts off ground by stubble cutting machine structure again after being introduced into branch's component;The fruit ear harvest mechanism is located at The lower section of branch's clamping device, specifically, located at the lower section of the front end of clamp assemblies, afterbody leads to the stem of fruit ear separate roller pair Lower section of the fruit ear separate roller suspension located at the rear end of clamp assemblies is crossed, now, as shown in fig. 6, the clamped component in the top of crop When clamping and transmitting from front to back therewith, the fruit ear for contacting is separated with the fruit ear separate roller of rotation, separated Stalk continues clamped component clamping transmission;The stalk harvest mechanism departs from clamping group located at the lower section of clamp assemblies end The stalk of part is crushed by stalk harvest mechanism and gathered in.
Fig. 9 is fruit ear connecting gear fundamental diagram, as shown in Figure 9, it is contemplated that fruit ear transmission path needs to avoid driving Assembly, and in view of using the chance removal of impurities soared in fruit ear step by step transmit process, the fruit ear connecting gear is set to four Level transfer assembly, including first order transfer assembly, second level transfer assembly, third level transfer assembly and the fourth stage being sequentially connected with Transfer assembly, level Four transfer assembly is equipped with the conveyer belt of a rubber system;First order transfer assembly, second level transfer assembly, Three-level transfer assembly is articulated with the second suspension, and fourth stage transfer assembly is articulated with frame main body, wherein, first order transfer assembly position In the underface of fruit ear separation assembly, it is responsible for collecting the fruit ear for being separated from fruit ear separation assembly and being dropped, the 4th transfer assembly connects Spike collecting storehouse is connect, for fruit ear to be delivered into spike collecting storehouse.Specifically, first order transfer assembly is abreast located at the first suspension Front end, second level transfer assembly be arranged in parallel with first order transfer assembly, third and fourth grade of transfer assembly and first and second grade of biography Sending component is vertically arranged.It is noted that in order to ensure fruit ear as conveyer belt direction is transmitted, on a moving belt along biography Direction is sent to be uniformly arranged catch of some vertical with the direction of transfer and height higher than fruit ear diameter.In addition, in order to prevent fruit ear Depart from conveyer belt in transmit process, the both sides on every conveyer belt are provided with baffle plate of the height higher than fruit ear diameter.
Stalk connecting gear pulls over component including stalk and stalk throws component, and stalk pulls over component for stalk to be continued Crushing in underlying stalk disintegrating component is sent into, stalk throws component and collected for the stalk after crushing to be delivered into stalk Storehouse.As shown in Fig. 2 stalk is pulled over, component is on the second suspension and positioned at the underface of the transmission end of clamp assemblies;Stalk Throw component and be located at the second suspension and frame main body, wherein one end is located at the underface of stalk harvest mechanism, other end connection Stalk collecting bin, for the size-reduced stalk dropped from stalk harvest mechanism to be sent into stalk collecting bin.As shown in Figure 10, Stalk component of pulling over includes that the stalk that is sequentially connected of head and the tail is pulled over part and stalk pull-down member, and stalk pulls over part for will be from clamping group The stalk that part comes off is sequentially delivered to stalk pull-down member, and stalk pull-down member is used in one receive stalk to the local stalk that is pulled to downwards Cutting mill structure.Figure 11 is pulled over the structural representation of part for stalk, and as shown in figure 11, stalk is pulled over part including stalk guide and pulled over Chain group, chain group of pulling over includes pull over wheel and chain of pulling over, wherein multiple is evenly arranged with chain of pulling over pulling over tooth, chain of pulling over is with quilt What is driven pulls over wheel transmission so as to drive tooth of pulling over to move, and enters therewith through stalk guide be directed into the pulling over stalk of chain group Pull in the gap between tooth and be sent to the drop-down component of stalk therewith.Further, in order to prevent substantial amounts of stalk same Time pours in stalk and pulls over component, and stalk guide is set to the passage that a width successively decreases, to ensure that the same time only has minority Stalk can pull over component into stalk.Further, in order to allow the stalk single can be sequentially delivered to the drop-down component of stalk, pull over Gap between tooth is only capable of holding a rhizome stalk, and specifically, the gap between tooth of pulling over is not more than 4 centimetres.Additionally, in order that Stalk obtains the power for constantly pulling downwards, and stalk pull-down member is set to spiral push jack roller of a pair of gaps less than stalk diameter Right, spiral push jack roller is centripetal counter-rotation so as to stalk to be down sent to stalk harvest mechanism two-by-two.
It is noted that in order to preferably coordinate harvesting assembly to use, as shown in figure 3, stalk is pulled over, part is two, point Not She Yu two clamp assemblies underface, stalk pull-down member also be two, be respectively arranged on the surface of two stalk disintegrating components.This When, the stalk that clamped component holds top is introduced into stalk and pulls over part, and now stalk not yet departs from clamp assemblies, works as stalk When going successively to stalk pull-down member, stalk departs from clamp assemblies, and stalk is with the rotation of the spiral push jack roller pair of the drop-down component of stalk Then be sent to stalk disintegrating component and crushed.
As indicated at 11, stalk throws component includes wind box, bellows blade and air duct, and surface offers wind box thereon Enter wind-feeding inlet|, bellows blade is located in wind box, air duct includes air inlet and air outlet, wherein air inlet connection wind box, Air outlet connects stalk collecting bin;The wind box is used to temporarily be hinged with size-reduced stalk, and bellows blade is used to suck stalk And stalk is blowed into air duct, stalk is thrown to collecting bin along air duct.In order that stalk is smoothly blown into collecting bin, wind The sectional area of the air outlet of cylinder is less than the sectional area for entering wind-feeding inlet|, so as to be conducive to producing air than pressure.Additionally, for side Just air duct is arranged in frame, and air duct can be arranged to the structure of segmented connection.It should be noted that in order to preferably coordinate Harvesting assembly operation, the wind box is fixed on the second suspension and it enters wind-feeding inlet| located at the underface of stalk disintegrating component, Air duct is located at the second suspension and frame main body.
As shown in figure 1, drive assembly and include driving cabin mechanism, drive seat mechanism and operating mechanism, wherein, driving cabin mechanism In chassis assembly, correspondingly, drive seat mechanism and operating mechanism is arranged in driving cabin mechanism.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the assembly that gathers materials includes spike collecting storehouse and stalk collecting bin, is respectively arranged on the left and right of support assembly Two ends.
Harvester provided by the present invention, as shown in figure 1, chassis assembly is the carrier of other assemblies, harvesting assembly, driving Assembly, the assembly that gathers materials are successively set in chassis assembly in X direction, and transmission assembly is located in chassis assembly, and drive assembly is The mechanical movement of whole machine provides power drive.The chassis assembly includes frame main body and is arranged on the first of frame main body front end Suspension and the second suspension, wherein the first suspension is located at the top of the second suspension, in other words, the first suspension and the second suspension are in height Set;Additionally, the first suspension and the second suspension have respectively added a hydraulic mandril, one end of hydraulic mandril is hinged on frame main body On, the other end is articulated with the first suspension or the second suspension.
Harvesting assembly includes stubble cutting machine structure, fruit ear harvest mechanism and stalk harvest mechanism, as shown in figure 1, wherein stubble cutting machine Structure is articulated with the front end extreme lower position of the second suspension;Fruit ear harvest mechanism includes that a fruit ear separate roller pair and a fruit ear separate roller are outstanding Frame, the stem of wherein fruit ear separate roller pair is hinged on the front end of the first suspension, and afterbody is by fruit ear separate roller suspension articulation the The rear end of one suspension, now fruit ear harvest mechanism is positioned at the lower section of the first suspension.Stalk harvest mechanism includes a stalk disintegrating group Part, the stalk disintegrating component includes stationary knife and ratchet movable cutter set again, and wherein stationary knife is fixed on the second suspension by stationary knife fixture, Ratchet movable cutter set is fixed on the second suspension by being driven its power transmission shaft for rotating, as shown in Fig. 2 by taking X-direction as an example, the stalk is received Cutting mill structure is located at the rear end of the second suspension.
Transmission assembly includes branch's clamping device, fruit ear connecting gear and stalk connecting gear, wherein, branch's clamping device Including at least branch's component and a clamp assemblies, as shown in Fig. 2 branch's clamping device includes two branches located at the first suspension Component and a clamp assemblies, and located at two branch's components of the second suspension, by taking X-direction as an example, wherein on the first suspension two Abreast located at the front end of the first suspension, clamp assemblies are arranged on the transmission end of branch's component to branch's component, and are located at the The rear and front end of one suspension, in other words, the branch's component on the first suspension is vertical setting with clamp assemblies;Second suspension On two branch's components abreast located at the second suspension front end.Additionally, inventor also increased before branch's clamping device One combing guiding mechanism, specifically, before the combing guiding mechanism is located at branch's component, in other words, combing guiding mechanism It is articulated with the first suspension and the second suspension foremost.It is noted that in order to coordinate during harvesting assembly carries out harvesting process Material transmission, as shown in figure 1, by taking X-direction as an example, the stubble cutting machine structure is located at the back lower place of branch's component;The fruit ear is received , located at the lower section of branch's clamping device, specifically, the stem of fruit ear separate roller pair is located at the front end of clamp assemblies for cutting mill structure Lower section, afterbody is located at the lower section of the rear end of clamp assemblies by fruit ear separate roller suspension;The stalk harvest mechanism is located at branch The lower section of the clamp assemblies end of clamping device.
Fruit ear connecting gear, as shown in figure 9, including the first order transfer assembly, second level transfer assembly, that are sequentially connected with Three-level transfer assembly and fourth stage transfer assembly, first order transfer assembly, second level transfer assembly, third level transfer assembly are hinged In the second suspension, specifically, first order transfer assembly is abreast located at the front end of the first suspension, second level transfer assembly and first Level transfer assembly be arranged in parallel, and third and fourth grade of transfer assembly is vertically arranged with first and second grade of transfer assembly.Fourth stage transmission group Part is articulated with frame main body, wherein, first order transfer assembly is located at the underface of fruit ear separation assembly, the connection of the 4th transfer assembly Spike collecting storehouse.
Stalk connecting gear pulls over component including stalk and stalk throws component, as shown in Fig. 2 stalk is pulled over, component includes It is sequentially connected with ground stalk to pull over part and stalk pull-down member, stalk pulls over component on the second suspension and positioned at the biography of clamp assemblies End is sent, specifically, stalk is pulled over underface of the part located at clamp assemblies end, stalk pull-down member is located at stalk disintegrating mechanism Surface;Stalk throws component and is located at the second suspension and frame main body, and wherein one end is located at the underface of stalk harvest mechanism, The other end connects stalk collecting bin.As shown in figure 12, stalk throws component includes wind box, bellows blade and air duct, wind box Surface is offered into wind-feeding inlet| thereon, and bellows blade is located in wind box, and one end connection wind box of air duct, the other end connects Connect stalk collecting bin;Wind box is fixed on the second suspension and it enters wind-feeding inlet| located at the underface of stalk disintegrating component, air duct It is located at the second suspension and frame main body.
When being gathered in using above-mentioned harvester, as shown in Figure 1, 2, during operation, workman starts driving in assembly is driven Assembly simultaneously controls the direction of travel of chassis assembly, and whole strain corn is first through being articulated with the combing Guiding machine of the first suspension and the second suspension Structure carries out orderly combing from the top and bottom of crop to it respectively, then transmits rearward to branch's clamping device and is divided into first Combing and branch are carried out in branch's component of suspension and the second suspension, whole strain corn crop is again through being articulated with the second suspension front end Stubble cutting machine structure cuts off ground, and whole strain corn is sent in fruit ear separation assembly through clamp assemblies carries out fruit ear harvesting again, under separation The first order conveyer belt that the corn ear for coming directly is dropped to immediately below it, then through the multiple conveyer of fruit ear connecting gear Deliver to spike collecting storehouse;Correspondingly, continue transmission in the presence of clamp assemblies by the corn stem after fruit ear separation, work as stem When the bottom of stalk enters stalk pull-down member, stalk departs from clamp assemblies, and stalk is gathered in through stalk disintegrating mechanism crush again, after crushing Stalk fall in the wind box being disposed below, the stalk for throwing component into stalk be finally transferred into stalk collection Storehouse.To sum up, corn picker of the invention gathers in big with the two of stalk-spike-reaping automatic with this lossless fruit ear for completing fresh edible maize Change harvesting.

Claims (10)

1. the transmission assembly of harvester is used for, it is characterised in that:Including stalk connecting gear and fruit ear connecting gear, assembly is transmitted Also include branch's clamping device, the whole strain crop for stubble cutting machine structure to be cut off ground carries out branch's combing and is sent to harvesting Assembly;Wherein, branch's clamping device, stalk connecting gear and fruit ear connecting gear are separately connected in chassis assembly.
2. the transmission assembly described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Branch's clamping device is including at least branch's component and at least One clamp assemblies.
3. the transmission assembly described in claim 2, it is characterised in that:Branch's component is used to successively be separately fed whole strain corn Subsequently transmitted in clamp assemblies.
4. the transmission assembly described in claim 2, it is characterised in that:Clamp assemblies are the folder that at least one pair of parallel and laminating is set Transmission parts are held, clamping transmission parts include a drive and a conveyer belt, and conveyer belt is socketed on drive and is driven therewith.
5. the transmission assembly described in claim 4, it is characterised in that:Clamping transmission parts are additionally provided with some conveyer belts of being fitted with two The clamping belt wheel that axis is affixed.
6. the transmission assembly described in claim 4, it is characterised in that:A clamping tensioning wheel group is also added in clamping transmission parts.
7. the transmission assembly described in claim 4, it is characterised in that:Branch's clamping device also is provided with a height adjustment assembly.
8. the transmission assembly described in claim 4, it is characterised in that:Fruit ear connecting gear includes at least one transfer assembly, uses In harvested fruit ear is sent into the assembly that gathers materials.
9. the transmission assembly described in claim 8, it is characterised in that:Fruit ear connecting gear is multistage transfer assembly.
10. the transmission assembly described in claim 8, it is characterised in that:Fruit ear connecting gear includes that the first order being sequentially connected with is passed Sending component, second level transfer assembly, third level transfer assembly and fourth stage transfer assembly.
CN201611197525.4A 2015-12-17 2015-12-17 Harvester Pending CN106888681A (en)

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Application publication date: 20170627