CN106883898A - Automation coal slime forming machine - Google Patents

Automation coal slime forming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106883898A
CN106883898A CN201710105712.3A CN201710105712A CN106883898A CN 106883898 A CN106883898 A CN 106883898A CN 201710105712 A CN201710105712 A CN 201710105712A CN 106883898 A CN106883898 A CN 106883898A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shaping
pressure
elevating lever
vertical
mould
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201710105712.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wenzhou Beitengte Electrical Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Wenzhou Beitengte Electrical Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wenzhou Beitengte Electrical Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Wenzhou Beitengte Electrical Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710105712.3A priority Critical patent/CN106883898A/en
Priority to CN201510365846.XA priority patent/CN104927956B/en
Publication of CN106883898A publication Critical patent/CN106883898A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/02Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space
    • B30B11/08Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space co-operating with moulds carried by a turntable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/02Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space
    • B30B11/14Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space co-operating with moulds on a movable carrier other than a turntable or a rotating drum
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/02Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space
    • B30B11/04Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space co-operating with a fixed mould
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10FDRYING OR WORKING-UP OF PEAT
    • C10F7/00Working-up peat
    • C10F7/04Working-up peat by moulding
    • C10F7/06Briquetting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L5/00Solid fuels
    • C10L5/02Solid fuels such as briquettes consisting mainly of carbonaceous materials of mineral or non-mineral origin
    • C10L5/06Methods of shaping, e.g. pelletizing or briquetting
    • C10L5/08Methods of shaping, e.g. pelletizing or briquetting without the aid of extraneous binders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26FPERFORATING; PUNCHING; CUTTING-OUT; STAMPING-OUT; SEVERING BY MEANS OTHER THAN CUTTING
    • B26F1/00Perforating; Punching; Cutting-out; Stamping-out; Apparatus therefor
    • B26F1/02Perforating by punching, e.g. with relatively-reciprocating punch and bed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B1/00Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen
    • B30B1/24Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen by rack-and-pinion means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B1/00Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen
    • B30B1/32Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen by plungers under fluid pressure
    • B30B1/38Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen by plungers under fluid pressure wherein the plungers are operated by pressure of a gas, e.g. steam, air
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/02Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space
    • B30B11/027Particular press methods or systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/02Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space
    • B30B11/04Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space co-operating with a fixed mould
    • B30B11/06Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space co-operating with a fixed mould each charge of the material being compressed against the previously formed body
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/0005Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing for briquetting presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/02Dies; Inserts therefor; Mounting thereof; Moulds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/08Accessory tools, e.g. knives; Mountings therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/30Feeding material to presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/30Feeding material to presses
    • B30B15/302Feeding material in particulate or plastic state to moulding presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/30Feeding material to presses
    • B30B15/302Feeding material in particulate or plastic state to moulding presses
    • B30B15/304Feeding material in particulate or plastic state to moulding presses by using feed frames or shoes with relative movement with regard to the mould or moulds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/32Discharging presses
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L5/00Solid fuels
    • C10L5/02Solid fuels such as briquettes consisting mainly of carbonaceous materials of mineral or non-mineral origin
    • C10L5/34Other details of the shaped fuels, e.g. briquettes
    • C10L5/36Shape
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L5/00Solid fuels
    • C10L5/02Solid fuels such as briquettes consisting mainly of carbonaceous materials of mineral or non-mineral origin
    • C10L5/34Other details of the shaped fuels, e.g. briquettes
    • C10L5/36Shape
    • C10L5/361Briquettes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B17/00Machines or apparatus for drying materials in loose, plastic, or fluidised form, e.g. granules, staple fibres, with progressive movement
    • F26B17/02Machines or apparatus for drying materials in loose, plastic, or fluidised form, e.g. granules, staple fibres, with progressive movement with movement performed by belts carrying the materials; with movement performed by belts or elements attached to endless belts or chains propelling the materials over stationary surfaces
    • F26B17/04Machines or apparatus for drying materials in loose, plastic, or fluidised form, e.g. granules, staple fibres, with progressive movement with movement performed by belts carrying the materials; with movement performed by belts or elements attached to endless belts or chains propelling the materials over stationary surfaces the belts being all horizontal or slightly inclined
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/004Nozzle assemblies; Air knives; Air distributors; Blow boxes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/26Programme control arrangements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L2290/00Fuel preparation or upgrading, processes or apparatus therefore, comprising specific process steps or apparatus units
    • C10L2290/08Drying or removing water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L2290/00Fuel preparation or upgrading, processes or apparatus therefore, comprising specific process steps or apparatus units
    • C10L2290/32Molding or moulds

Abstract

The invention discloses one kind automation coal slime forming machine, it is related to Coal dressing equipment technical field, the forming machine includes actuating unit, feeding shaping mechanism, transmission drying mechanism, the actuating unit is with can the elevating lever that moves up and down of in the vertical direction, the feeding shaping mechanism includes feed pipe and the shaping pressure mould and shaping pressure-bearing mould that cooperate up and down, the shaping pressure mould is connected with the bottom of elevating lever, the transmission drying mechanism is located in the transmission direction of the bottom of shaping pressure-bearing mould and the conveyer belt in transmission drying mechanism and is sequentially provided with piercer and drying unit, it is material-gathering device in the end of transmission drying mechanism.The shaping machine structure is rationally, high in machining efficiency, and automaticity is higher.

Description

Automation coal slime forming machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to Coal dressing equipment technical field.
Background technology
Coal for modernization industry, either heavy industry, or light industry;Either energy industry, metallurgical work Industry, chemical industry, mechanical industry, or light and textile industries, food industry, transportation, all play an important role, various Industrial department will all consume a certain amount of coal to a certain extent, therefore someone claims coal to be industrial " real grain ", One of main energy sources that human world uses since being 18th century, it is necessary to by Coal dressing into certain in coal production process Shape, in order to processing and transporting, existing coal is many without processing, and directly transport, easily causes waste after producing, Rare preliminary working shaped device, because structure design is unreasonable, processing efficiency is low, and operation is wasted time and energy, and production cost is higher, Automaticity is low, and the briquetting that processing is prepared is poor.Therefore, it is necessary to be designed and developed in prior art basis A kind of structure is more reasonable, the coal slime shaped device of high degree of automation.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of automation coal slime forming machine, and the shaping machine structure is reasonable, plus Work efficiency high, and automaticity is higher.
To solve the above problems, the present invention is adopted the technical scheme that:The forming machine includes actuating unit, charging forming machine Structure, transmission drying mechanism, the actuating unit is with can the elevating lever that moves up and down of in the vertical direction, the charging shaping Mechanism includes feed pipe and the shaping pressure mould and shaping pressure-bearing mould that cooperate up and down, shaping pressure mould with The bottom connection of elevating lever, the transmission drying mechanism is located at the bottom of shaping pressure-bearing mould and in the transmission of transmission drying mechanism Piercer and drying unit are sequentially provided with the transmission direction of band, are material-gathering device in the end of transmission drying mechanism.
Preferably, the actuating unit includes rotary cylinder, sector rack and elevating lever, and the rotary cylinder includes hinge End and ejection end are connect, the hinged end rotates with the top in the vertical direction of the first tripod being vertically arranged and is connected, described Ejection end is the piston rod that stretching motion can be done along the cylinder body length direction of rotary cylinder, and the section of the sector rack is in fan Shape and its arcuate flanks is provided with the first latch, the center of circle of the sector rack exists with the top of the second tripod being vertically arranged Connection is rotated on vertical direction, the end of the piston rod rotates with one end of the arcuate flanks of the sector rack and is connected, The second latch is provided with along vertical direction on elevating lever, first latch and the second latch are mutually twisted, the elevating lever position In rail groove in vertical stand, is provided with vertical stand, the elevating lever is located in rail groove and sliding and the cell wall of rail groove between Dynamic connection, is additionally provided with vertical stand for fettering the sheath that elevating lever is moved horizontally.
Preferably, the shaping pressure mould is in strip structure, and the shaping pressure mould includes upper trapezoid portion, centre Connecting portion and lower trapezoid portion, the upper trapezoid portion, middle interconnecting piece and lower trapezoid portion both ends of the surface in the longitudinal direction are mutually neat Flat, the section of the middle interconnecting piece is rectangle, and the section in the upper trapezoid portion and lower trapezoid portion is inverted trapezoidal structure, institute The upper top surface for stating upper trapezoid portion is connected with the lower end of elevating lever.
Preferably, the shaping pressure-bearing mould is a Pressure Block with pressure tank, and the pressure tank connects Pressure Block Upper surface, the pressure tank is in list structure, and the cross sectional shape of the pressure tank and shaping press the cross sectional shape phase of mould Together, the pressure tank with can in the vertical direction lifting trough floor.
Preferably, on the middle interconnecting piece of shaping pressure mould along the length direction of middle interconnecting piece be provided with it is multiple to The breach of lower connection lower trapezoid portion bottom surface, the both sides in the breach insertion middle interconnecting piece and lower trapezoid portion in the horizontal direction Face, dividing plate is provided between two adjacent breach.
Preferably, the feed pipe is two, and two described feed pipes are respectively positioned at the both sides of Pressure Block, the charging The discharging opening of pipe is located at the upside of pressure tank, and two described feed pipes are arranged symmetrically, be provided with the tube wall of feed pipe for The work shape block board for preventing feed pipe from shaking, the work shape block board is two, and the feed pipe is located at two work shape block boards Between.
Preferably, the transmission drying mechanism includes the conveyer belt for setting in the horizontal direction, in the upper surface of conveyer belt Uniform being placed with multiple can on a moving belt correspond to each trough floor and be equipped with one and lead to the trough floor of conveyer belt Hole, the through hole is located at the underface of trough floor, and the transmission drying mechanism also includes the upward ejection cylinder in ejection direction, institute The piston rod for stating ejection cylinder is located at the underface of pressure tank, is provided with and ejection in the lower surface centre of each trough floor The circular trough that the piston rod end face of cylinder is adapted, the piston rod of the ejection cylinder is connect by the bottom land after through hole with circular trough Touch.
Preferably, piercer and drying unit are provided with the transmission direction of conveyer belt, the piercer is carried for bottom surface The disk of some inserted links, the inserted link is vertically arranged, and the upper top surface of the disk is connected with the piston rod of punching cylinder, the baking Equipment for drying is dryer, and the bottom of the dryer is with multiple air ports for blowing hot air.
Preferably, the material-gathering device includes being located at the aggregate bin and splicing dsah-pot of transmission end of tape, the aggregate bin Positioned at the underface of splicing dsah-pot, the splicing dsah-pot is a tubular article that can be rotated in vertical direction, slow in splicing Rush on the outer wall of cylinder and be circumferentially provided with the splicing hook of four L-shaped, the splicing is hooked in the drive subinverse of splicing dsah-pot Hour hands rotate and sequentially pass through the end of conveyer belt.
Preferably, the conveyer belt is controlled by the first motor, and the splicing dsah-pot is controlled by the second motor, described first Motor, the second motor, rotary cylinder, ejection cylinder, punching cylinder are controlled by PLC.
It is using the beneficial effect produced by above-mentioned technical proposal:The reasonable in design of the forming machine, operation is automatic Change degree is high, is conducive to the automatic moulding of coal slime, substantially increases the shaping efficiency of coal slime, saves human resources, saves Cost.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 the structural representation of present invention;
Fig. 2 is the side view of shaping pressure mould in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the top view of trough floor;
Fig. 4 is the top view of conveyer belt;
Fig. 5 is the upward view of disk.
Wherein, 1, elevating lever, 2, feed pipe, 3, conveyer belt, 4, rotary cylinder, 5, sector rack, the 6, first tripod, 7, Second tripod, 8, vertical stand, 9, sheath, 10, upper trapezoid portion, 11, middle interconnecting piece, 12, lower trapezoid portion, 13, pressure tank, 14th, Pressure Block, 15, trough floor, 16, breach, 18, work shape block board, 19, ejection cylinder, 20, inserted link, 21, disk, 22, punching Cylinder, 23, dryer, 24, air port, 25, aggregate bin, 26, splicing dsah-pot, 27, splicing hook.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further detailed explanation with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description:As shown in figure 1, the shaping Machine include actuating unit, feeding shaping mechanism, transmission drying mechanism, the actuating unit with can in the vertical direction do up and down The elevating lever 1 of motion, the feeding shaping mechanism includes feed pipe 2 and the shaping pressure mould and the shaping that cooperate up and down Pressure-bearing mould, the shaping pressure mould is connected with the bottom of elevating lever 1, and the transmission drying mechanism is located at shaping pressure-bearing mould Bottom and transmission drying mechanism conveyer belt 3 transmission direction on be sequentially provided with piercer and drying unit, transmission dry The end of dry mechanism is material-gathering device, and it is that coal slime enters into shaping pressure-bearing mould by feeding shaping mechanism that it uses process Inside, and shaping pressure mould is interacted with shaping pressure-bearing mould under the drive of actuating unit, then by shaping Coal slime is dried by transmission drying mechanism, and is driven to material-gathering device, completes the shaping and collection of coal slime.
As shown in figure 1, actuating unit includes rotary cylinder 4, sector rack 5 and elevating lever 1, the rotary cylinder 4 is wrapped Hinged end and ejection end are included, the hinged end rotates with the top in the vertical direction of the first tripod 6 being vertically arranged and is connected, The ejection end is the piston rod that stretching motion can be done along the cylinder body length direction of rotary cylinder 4, and the sector rack 5 cuts Face is in sector and its arcuate flanks is provided with the first latch, the center of circle of the sector rack 5 and the second tripod 7 being vertically arranged Top in the vertical direction rotate connection, the end of the piston rod turns with one end of the arcuate flanks of the sector rack 5 Dynamic connection, the second latch is provided with elevating lever 1 along vertical direction, and first latch and the second latch are mutually twisted, institute Elevating lever 1 is stated in vertical stand 8, rail groove is provided with vertical stand 8, the elevating lever 1 is located in rail groove and and track It is slidably connected between the cell wall of groove, is additionally provided with vertical stand 8 for fettering the sheath 9 that elevating lever 1 is moved horizontally, engine The piston rod of the rotary cylinder 4 of structure constantly carries out ejection, so that pull sector rack 5 to be moved reciprocatingly on perpendicular, And the first latch of sector rack 5 is mutually engaged with the second latch on elevating lever 1, such elevating lever 1 will be constantly vertical Moved reciprocatingly on direction, vertical stand 8 is that elevating lever 1 provides support and the effect for carrying, rail of the elevating lever 1 in vertical stand 8 Moved up and down in road groove, and with sheath 9, the mobile dislocation in the horizontal direction of elevating lever 1 can be prevented.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, shaping pressure mould is in strip structure, and shaping pressure mould includes upper trapezoid portion 10th, middle interconnecting piece 11 and lower trapezoid portion 12, the upper trapezoid portion 10, middle interconnecting piece 11 and lower trapezoid portion 12 are in length direction On both ends of the surface be mutually flush, the section of the middle interconnecting piece 11 is rectangle, the upper trapezoid portion 10 and lower trapezoid portion 12 Section be inverted trapezoidal structure, the upper top surface in the upper trapezoid portion 10 is connected with the lower end of elevating lever 1.The shaping pressure-bearing mould Has the Pressure Block 14 with pressure tank 13 for, the pressure tank 13 connects the upper surface of Pressure Block 14, the pressure tank 13 In list structure, the cross sectional shape of the pressure tank 13 is identical with the cross sectional shape of shaping pressure mould, the band of the pressure tank 13 Have can in the vertical direction lifting trough floor 15.Along middle interconnecting piece 11 on the middle interconnecting piece 11 of shaping pressure mould Length direction be provided with the breach 16 of multiple bottom surfaces of the portion of connection lower trapezoid downwards 12, in the insertion in the horizontal direction of the breach 16 Between connecting portion 11 and lower trapezoid portion 12 two sides, be provided with dividing plate between two adjacent breach 16, the bottom connection of elevating lever 1 On the shaping pressure mould be made up of upper trapezoid portion 10, middle interconnecting piece 11 and lower trapezoid portion 12, in the drive of elevating lever 1 Lower shaping pressure mould constantly moves up and down, and is cooperated with the pressure tank 13 on shaping pressure-bearing mould, i.e., lead to first Feed pipe 2 toward the inside of pressure tank 13 injection coal slime is crossed, then shaping pressure mould declines, bottom and pressure-bearing when lower trapezoid portion 12 When the bottom of groove 13 contacts, internal coal slime just forms multiple coal slime blocks for mutually separating, and is now first one-step forming.
As shown in figure 1, feed pipe 2 is two, two described feed pipes 2 are described respectively positioned at the both sides of Pressure Block 14 The discharging opening of feed pipe 2 is located at the upside of pressure tank 13, and two described feed pipes 2 are arranged symmetrically, on the tube wall of feed pipe 2 The work shape block board 18 for preventing feed pipe 2 from shaking is provided with, the work shape block board 18 is two, and the feed pipe 2 is located at Between two work shape block boards 18, feed pipe 2 respectively positioned at Pressure Block 14 both sides, can from both direction to pressure tank 13 in note Enter coal slime, increased efficiency, it is exactly coal pipe that feed pipe 2 is actual, by air pump coal slime can be promoted to be moved in feed pipe 2, institute With in order to increase the resistance to overturning of feed pipe 2, and it is provided with the two work shape block boards 18 that can clamp feed pipe 2.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 4 and Figure 5, transmission drying mechanism includes the conveyer belt 3 for setting in the horizontal direction, in conveyer belt 3 upper surface is uniformly placed with multiple trough floors 15 that can be moved with conveyer belt 3, each trough floor of correspondence on conveyer belt 3 15 are equipped with a through hole, and the through hole is located at the underface of trough floor 15, and the transmission drying mechanism also includes ejection direction Upward ejection cylinder 19, the piston rod of the ejection cylinder 19 is located at the underface of pressure tank 13, in each trough floor 15 Lower surface centre be provided with the circular trough being adapted with the piston rod end face of ejection cylinder 19, the work of the ejection cylinder 19 Stopper rod is contacted by the bottom land after through hole with circular trough.Piercer and drying unit, institute are provided with the transmission direction of conveyer belt 3 It is disk 21 of the bottom surface with some inserted links 20 to state piercer, and the inserted link 20 is vertically arranged, the upper top surface of the disk 21 with The piston rod connection of punching cylinder 22, the drying unit is dryer 23, and the bottom of the dryer 23 is used for multiple The air port 24 of blowing hot air, because the bottom of pressure tank 13 carries the trough floor 15 that can move up and down, trough floor 15 be by Ejection cylinder 19 in bottom completes to move up and down, and trough floor 15 quantity not only one of which, but multiple, its is uniform The upper surface of conveyer belt 3 is distributed in, when feed pipe 2 in pressure tank 13 to before feeding, the piston rod of ejection cylinder 19 is made first Rise, make to be withstood through after through hole a circular trough for the bottom of trough floor 15 above transmission belt 3, and rise to pressure tank 13 bottoms, now conveyer belt 3 be off what is rotated, then by charging and just after one-step forming, ejection cylinder 19 again under Drop, makes trough floor 15 fall above conveyer belt 3, and now conveyer belt 3 is continued to move to, when next trough floor 15 is located at ejection cylinder When 19 surface, aforesaid operations are repeated, so multiple trough floors 15 just all carry the coal slime of just one-step forming successively, and When the lower section that it moves to piercer, piercer is punched out under the drive of punching cylinder 22 to coal slime, forms honeybee Nest shape, the quantity of piercer is realized corresponding punching, with transmission belt 3 as the quantity of coal slime in each trough floor 15 Motion, when by dryer 23, dryer 23 just rapidly dries coal slime, reaches certain intensity, final fortune To material-gathering device.
Material-gathering device includes the aggregate bin 25 and splicing dsah-pot 26 positioned at the end of conveyer belt 3, and the aggregate bin 25 is located at The underface of splicing dsah-pot 26, the splicing dsah-pot 26 is a tubular article that can be rotated in vertical direction, slow in splicing Rush on the outer wall of cylinder 26 and be circumferentially provided with the splicing hook 27 of four L-shaped, the splicing hook 27 is in splicing dsah-pot 26 Drive lower rotate counterclockwise and sequentially pass through the end of conveyer belt 3, quilt when multiple coal slimes move to the end of conveyer belt 3 The splicing hook 27 for rotating counterclockwise is held, and plays a part of buffering, and coal slime is placed on into the inside of aggregate bin 25.
Operation needs to be cooperated between each mechanism due to more than, so conveyer belt 3 is controlled by the first motor, it is described to connect Material dsah-pot 26 is controlled by the second motor, first motor, the second motor, rotary cylinder 4, ejection cylinder 19, punching cylinder 22 are controlled by PLC, and these mechanisms can accomplish to cooperate in the case where PLC unification sends instruction, Specific action is completed in the specific time.
It is using the beneficial effect produced by above-mentioned technical proposal:The reasonable in design of the forming machine, operation is automatic Change degree is high, is conducive to the automatic moulding of coal slime, substantially increases the shaping efficiency of coal slime, saves human resources, saves Cost.

Claims (1)

1. it is a kind of to automate coal slime forming machine, it is characterized in that:The forming machine includes that actuating unit, feeding shaping mechanism, transmission are dried Dry mechanism, the actuating unit with can the elevating lever that moves up and down of in the vertical direction, the feeding shaping mechanism includes Feed pipe and the shaping pressure mould and shaping pressure-bearing mould that cooperate up and down, the shaping pressure mould and elevating lever Bottom connects, and the transmission drying mechanism is located at the transmission of the bottom and the conveyer belt in transmission drying mechanism of shaping pressure-bearing mould Piercer and drying unit are sequentially provided with direction, are material-gathering device in the end of transmission drying mechanism;The actuating unit bag Include rotary cylinder, sector rack and elevating lever, the rotary cylinder includes hinged end and ejection end, the hinged end with it is vertical The top in the vertical direction of the first tripod for setting rotates connection, and the ejection end is can be along the cylinder height of rotary cylinder The piston rod of stretching motion is done in degree direction, and the section of the sector rack is in fan-shaped and its arcuate flanks is provided with the first latch, The center of circle of the sector rack rotates with the top in the vertical direction of the second tripod being vertically arranged and is connected, the piston rod One end of end and the arcuate flanks of the sector rack rotate and be connected, be provided with the second card along vertical direction on elevating lever Tooth, first latch and the second latch are mutually twisted, and the elevating lever is located in vertical stand, and track is provided with vertical stand Groove, the elevating lever is located in rail groove and is slidably connected and the cell wall of rail groove between, is additionally provided with for beam in vertical stand Tie up the sheath that elevating lever is moved horizontally;The shaping pressure-bearing mould is a Pressure Block with pressure tank, the pressure tank The upper surface of Pressure Block is connected, the pressure tank is in list structure, cross sectional shape and the shaping pressure mould of the pressure tank Cross sectional shape is identical, the pressure tank with can in the vertical direction lifting trough floor;The transmission drying mechanism is included in The conveyer belt set in horizontal direction, the upper surface of conveyer belt be uniformly placed with it is multiple can with the trough floor of conveyer belt, Each trough floor being corresponded on a moving belt and being equipped with a through hole, the through hole is located at the underface of trough floor, the transmission Drying mechanism also includes the upward ejection cylinder in ejection direction, and the piston rod of the ejection cylinder is located at the underface of pressure tank, The circular trough being adapted with the piston rod end face of ejection cylinder is provided with the lower surface centre of each trough floor, it is described to push away The piston rod of top gas cylinder is contacted by the bottom land after through hole with circular trough.
CN201710105712.3A 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 Automation coal slime forming machine Withdrawn CN106883898A (en)

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CN201710105708.7A Withdrawn CN106965479A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime forming machine for Coal dressing
CN201611177307.4A Active CN106520242B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime molding machine with feeding shaping mechanism
CN201611179221.5A Active CN106584909B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime molding machine with material-gathering device
CN201611178315.0A Active CN106584910B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime molding machine driving force mechanisms
CN201710105710.4A Withdrawn CN107097451A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 Coal slime forming machine
CN201710105713.8A Withdrawn CN106947508A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 One kind automation coal slime forming machine
CN201710105709.1A Withdrawn CN106945335A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 Coal slime forming machine for Coal dressing
CN201710105721.2A Withdrawn CN106985446A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime forming machine for Coal dressing
CN201710105712.3A Withdrawn CN106883898A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 Automation coal slime forming machine
CN201710105719.5A Withdrawn CN106978204A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 Coal slime forming machine
CN201510365846.XA Active CN104927956B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime forming machine
CN201710105722.7A Withdrawn CN106978205A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime forming machine
CN201710105714.2A Withdrawn CN106827632A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime forming machine
CN201611179222.XA Active CN106584908B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime molding machine of band transmission drying mechanism

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CN201710105708.7A Withdrawn CN106965479A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime forming machine for Coal dressing
CN201611177307.4A Active CN106520242B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime molding machine with feeding shaping mechanism
CN201611179221.5A Active CN106584909B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime molding machine with material-gathering device
CN201611178315.0A Active CN106584910B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime molding machine driving force mechanisms
CN201710105710.4A Withdrawn CN107097451A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 Coal slime forming machine
CN201710105713.8A Withdrawn CN106947508A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 One kind automation coal slime forming machine
CN201710105709.1A Withdrawn CN106945335A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 Coal slime forming machine for Coal dressing
CN201710105721.2A Withdrawn CN106985446A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime forming machine for Coal dressing

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CN201710105722.7A Withdrawn CN106978205A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime forming machine
CN201710105714.2A Withdrawn CN106827632A (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime forming machine
CN201611179222.XA Active CN106584908B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 A kind of coal slime molding machine of band transmission drying mechanism

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CN106584910B (en) 2018-10-19
CN106985446A (en) 2017-07-28
CN106584908B (en) 2018-07-31
CN106978204A (en) 2017-07-25
CN106945335A (en) 2017-07-14
CN106584910A (en) 2017-04-26
CN106978205A (en) 2017-07-25
CN106520242B (en) 2019-05-21
CN104927956A (en) 2015-09-23
CN106584909B (en) 2018-10-12
CN106584908A (en) 2017-04-26
CN104927956B (en) 2017-03-15
CN106520242A (en) 2017-03-22
CN106965479A (en) 2017-07-21
CN106947508A (en) 2017-07-14
CN106827632A (en) 2017-06-13
CN106584909A (en) 2017-04-26

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