CN106880061A - Multifunctional nut rejuvenator - Google Patents

Multifunctional nut rejuvenator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106880061A
CN106880061A CN201710249797.2A CN201710249797A CN106880061A CN 106880061 A CN106880061 A CN 106880061A CN 201710249797 A CN201710249797 A CN 201710249797A CN 106880061 A CN106880061 A CN 106880061A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
rotary screen
roller
broken shell
sets
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710249797.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吐鲁洪·吐尔迪
王学农
阿依木妮莎·拜克热
张丽
杨会民
刘旋峰
牛长河
焦瑞斌
克里木·依明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201710249797.2A priority Critical patent/CN106880061A/en
Publication of CN106880061A publication Critical patent/CN106880061A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts
    • A23N5/008Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts for almonds

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Multifunctional nut rejuvenator, the front and rear part of frame is respectively provided with drag-flight conveyer and lifting spiral, the front portion of frame sets oscillating feeder, frame inclined upward sets circulation material conveying groove, the entrance point of circulation material conveying groove is mutually connected with described lifting screw top, the port of export of circulation material conveying groove is located at oscillating feeder top, is mutually linked successively from front to back in three groups of shell-breaking mechanisms before, during and after uneven setting in frame;The roll shaft height adjusting mechanism and rotary screen that each group of shell-breaking mechanism is set by a horizontal conveying belt, a horizontal broken shell roller, broken shell roller two ends are constituted, rotary screen drives by motor and rotates, the front and rear part of each rotary screen respectively sets charging aperture and discharging opening, square sieve aperture is set before rotary screen on half barrel, diamond mesh is set on half barrel after rotary screen, the discharging end carrying roller top horizontal cross of each horizontal conveying belt sets described broken shell roller.

Description

Multifunctional nut rejuvenator
Technical field
The invention belongs to mechanical field, more particularly to a kind of Multifunctional nut rejuvenator.
Background technology
With the adjustment of the Agriculture in Xinjiang industrial structure, Ba Danmu and apricot have become the characteristic warp of Rural Area of Xinjiang Autonomous Region economic development Ji crop, current bar denier wood broken shell and almond broken shell are completely dependent on easy nut cracking machine operation, and operating efficiency is low, work Intensity is big, fatiguability, time-consuming, unitary function, and Ba Danmu and the poorly efficient broken shell operation of almond have annoying bar denier wood industry Development, therefore it is badly in need of a kind of efficient mechanical process unit in bar denier wood and apricot industry operation.
The present invention is in utility model patent(ZL200720183102.7, ZL201020218891.5 and ZL201620720926.2)On the basis of, being improved, patent ZL200720183102.7 and ZL201020218891.5 are deposited The continuous broken shell of problem, the easy secondary damage of benevolence after broken shell causes benevolence kernel breaking rate higher, patent ZL200720183102.7, The problem broken shell roller of presence is smooth roll, breaks almond effect preferably, because almond is more crisp, easy broken shell, and bar denier wood core is flexibility, Not ideal with the shell-breaking mechanism broken shell effect, shell-breaking rate is low, and vibratory sieve noise is big, easily bad, and the bar denier wood benevolence after broken shell is not Energy be fallen into lower screen from sieve aperture completely.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of Multifunctional nut rejuvenator, not only broken shell effect is good, and operating efficiency It is high.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:A kind of Multifunctional nut rejuvenator, including frame, the front and rear part of frame Drag-flight conveyer and lifting spiral are not set, and the front portion of frame sets oscillating feeder, and frame inclined upward is set Circulation material conveying groove, the entrance point of circulation material conveying groove is mutually connected with described lifting screw top, the port of export of circulation material conveying groove Positioned at oscillating feeder top, it is mutually linked successively from front to back in three groups of broken shells before, during and after uneven setting in frame Mechanism;The roll shaft low-key high that each group of shell-breaking mechanism is set by a horizontal conveying belt, a horizontal broken shell roller, broken shell roller two ends Section mechanism and rotary screen are constituted, and rotary screen drives by motor and rotates, and the front and rear part of each rotary screen respectively sets Material mouth and discharging opening, gather on half barrel before the rotary screen of charging aperture and set square sieve aperture, near discharging opening Gathered on half barrel after rotary screen and diamond mesh is set, square sieve aperture and diamond mesh are respectively arranged below accordingly Blow tank, sets scraper plate on the spindle central axle of each rotary screen, scraper plate is arranged along the axis direction of rotary screen, each Discharging end carrying roller top all horizontal cross of horizontal conveying belt set described broken shell roller.
Described roll shaft height adjusting mechanism is included in roll shaft two ends and is respectively provided with bearing block, and frame both sides are vertical respectively Affixed the slideway built with leading screw, wherein side leading screw top set handwheel, bearing block top respectively with leading screw lower end phase Even, bearing block is slided up and down along slideway, and the top of two side slideway internal thread thick sticks is horizontally disposed with sprocket wheel respectively, passes through between sprocket wheel Chain drive, rotates handwheel, and the sprocket wheel synchronous axial system of both sides synchronously carries out height so as to order about leading screw drive bearing block and roll shaft High adjustment.
During present invention work, Ba Danmu or almond are transported in oscillating feeder by drag-flight conveyer, vibration feeder During Ba Danmu or almond are uniformly fed spout by device by vibration, Ba Danmu or almond uniformly fall into water by spout On flat conveyer belt, when Ba Danmu or almond on conveyer belt pass through shell-breaking mechanism, broken shell roller, carrying roller and conveyer belt by Ba Danmu or Almond is extruded and rubbed(Synchronous regulation mechanism presses nut thickness even regulation gap)First break compared with bus denier wood or almond, break Ba Danmu or almond after shell enter roller by roller charging aperture, and the broken miscellaneous sieve aperture by roller of core is discharged from discharging opening, Bar denier wood Renhe almond is discharged by by diamond mesh, not(Intermediate bar denier wood or almond)The Ba Danmu or almond of broken shell pass through Roller discharging opening is transported on conveyer belt, is entered in two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms by conveyer belt, and the Ba Danmu or almond after broken shell lead to Series cylinder sieve during roller charging aperture enters is crossed, the broken miscellaneous sieve aperture by roller of core is discharged from discharging opening, the Ba Danmu of small one-level Or almond is entered on third level conveyer belt by discharging opening again, is transported in third level shell-breaking mechanism, Ba Danmu after broken shell or Almond is entered in rotary screen by roller charging aperture, and the broken miscellaneous sieve aperture by roller of core is discharged from discharging opening, bar denier wood Renhe Almond is discharged by by diamond mesh, and the Ba Danmu or almond of non-broken shell are fallen into vertical-lift machine inlet, vertical-lift Be transported in discharging opening for the Ba Danmu or almond of non-broken shell by spiral conveying blade by machine, and being transported to vibration by discharging opening feeds Broken shell is further continued in glassware, is moved in circles and is reached complete broken shell purpose.
Technical solution of the present invention:1st, can once complete to carry out broken shell to the bar denier wood core of cause not of uniform size, shell-breaking rate is high; Material is conveyed by foodweb in the middle of shell-breaking mechanism and serves profiling effect, reduce the percentage of damage of benevolence.2nd, the first order is broken In housing apparatus, second level hulling machine and third level hulling machine increase rotary screen, it is to avoid the wood benevolence second-time breakage of bar denier, improve The percentage of head rice of benevolence;3rd, the rejuvenator increased vertical elevator, and the Ba Danmu of non-broken shell is again fed into oscillating feeder In, continuous broken shell improves shell-breaking rate, reduces hand labor intensity.4th, rotary drum grader is solved by combination of screens mode Conventional roller grid type is classified nut, and nut classification is paid no attention to and thought over a problem, simple structure;It is easily fabricated;Noise is small;Work can Lean on.5th, not only shell-breaking speed is fast, and high working efficiency, also solves nut cracker broken shell gap adjustment inconvenience, broken shell The uneven problem in roller gap.6. synchronous regulation mechanism is devised on the rejuvenator, by nut thickness regulation broken shell gap.Solve Simple rejuvenator broken shell gap adjustment is inconvenient and uneven problem, have also been devised the tensioning wheel governor motion of simple structure, Regulation is more convenient.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is main structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is overlooking the structure diagram of the invention.
Specific embodiment
A kind of Multifunctional nut rejuvenator, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, including frame 2, the front and rear part of frame is respectively provided with scrapes Board-like conveyer 1 and lifting spiral 30, the front portion of frame set oscillating feeder 3, and frame inclined upward sets and circulates Chute feeder 29, the entrance point of circulation material conveying groove 29 is mutually connected with the described top of lifting spiral 30, the port of export of circulation material conveying groove Positioned at the top of oscillating feeder 3.It is mutually linked successively from front to back in frame 2 broken in three groups before, during and after uneven setting Shell mechanism;The roll shaft that each group of shell-breaking mechanism is set by the horizontal broken shell roller 7 of a horizontal conveying belt 5, the two ends of broken shell roller 7 Height adjusting mechanism and rotary screen 10 are constituted, and rotary screen drives by motor 12 and rotates, and the front and rear part of each rotary screen is divided equally Charging aperture 9 and discharging opening 13 are not set, and being gathered on half barrel before the rotary screen of charging aperture sets square sieve aperture 33, gathered on half barrel after the rotary screen of discharging opening and diamond mesh 34 is set, under square sieve aperture and diamond mesh Side is respectively provided with corresponding blow tank 35,36, and scraper plate is set in the rotating shaft 11 of each rotary screen, and scraper plate is along rotary screen Axis direction arrangement, the top of discharging end carrying roller 8 horizontal cross of each horizontal conveying belt set described in broken shell roller 7。
Described roll shaft height adjusting mechanism is included in roll shaft two ends and is respectively provided with bearing block, and frame both sides are vertical respectively Affixed the slideway 6 built with leading screw 41, the wherein top of side leading screw 41 set handwheel 42, bearing block top respectively with leading screw 41 lower ends are connected, and bearing block is slided up and down along slideway, and the top of two side slideway internal thread thick sticks is horizontally disposed with sprocket wheel, sprocket wheel respectively Between be driven by chain 45, rotate handwheel, the sprocket wheel synchronous axial system of both sides, so as to order about leading screw drive bearing block and roll shaft Synchronously carry out high adjustment high.Each horizontal conveying belt drives rotation by belt pulley 37 and motor 32.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of Multifunctional nut rejuvenator, including frame, the front and rear part of frame is respectively provided with drag-flight conveyer and carries Spiral is risen, it is characterized in that:The front portion of frame sets oscillating feeder, and frame inclined upward sets circulation material conveying groove, circulation The entrance point of chute feeder is mutually connected with described lifting screw top, and the port of export of circulation material conveying groove is located on oscillating feeder Side, is mutually linked in three groups of shell-breaking mechanisms before, during and after uneven setting successively from front to back in frame;Each group of broken shell Roll shaft height adjusting mechanism and roller that mechanism is set by a horizontal conveying belt, a horizontal broken shell roller, broken shell roller two ends Sieve is constituted, and rotary screen drives by motor and rotates, and the front and rear part of each rotary screen respectively sets charging aperture and discharging opening, Gathered on half barrel before the rotary screen of charging aperture and square sieve aperture is set, the half barrel after the rotary screen of discharging opening Upper gathering sets diamond mesh, and square sieve aperture and diamond mesh are respectively arranged below corresponding blow tank, each roller Scraper plate is all set, scraper plate is arranged along the axis direction of rotary screen, each horizontal conveying belt goes out on the spindle central axle of sieve Material end carrying roller top all horizontal cross set described broken shell roller.
2. rejuvenator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Described roll shaft height adjusting mechanism is included in roll shaft two ends It is respectively provided with bearing block, frame both sides vertical affixed the slideway built with leading screw respectively, wherein side leading screw top is set Handwheel, bearing block top is connected with leading screw lower end respectively, and bearing block is slided up and down along slideway, two side slideway internal thread thick sticks it is upper Portion is horizontally disposed with sprocket wheel respectively, by chain drive between sprocket wheel, rotates handwheel, the sprocket wheel synchronous axial system of both sides, so as to drive Leading screw drive bearing block and roll shaft is set synchronously to carry out high adjustment high.
CN201710249797.2A 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 Multifunctional nut rejuvenator Pending CN106880061A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710249797.2A CN106880061A (en) 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 Multifunctional nut rejuvenator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710249797.2A CN106880061A (en) 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 Multifunctional nut rejuvenator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106880061A true CN106880061A (en) 2017-06-23

Family

ID=59182841

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710249797.2A Pending CN106880061A (en) 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 Multifunctional nut rejuvenator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106880061A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
IT201900006414A1 (en) * 2019-04-29 2020-10-29 Cala S R L DRIED FRUIT SHELLING MACHINE WITH OVERLAPPING SHELLING GROUPS.

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
IT201900006414A1 (en) * 2019-04-29 2020-10-29 Cala S R L DRIED FRUIT SHELLING MACHINE WITH OVERLAPPING SHELLING GROUPS.

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