CN106879506A - A kind of cultural method of rice vanilla fish - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of rice vanilla fish Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106879506A
CN106879506A CN201710044791.1A CN201710044791A CN106879506A CN 106879506 A CN106879506 A CN 106879506A CN 201710044791 A CN201710044791 A CN 201710044791A CN 106879506 A CN106879506 A CN 106879506A
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parts
feed
rice
fish
chinese
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廖玉荣
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Lu Chuan County Quanyong Farms
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Lu Chuan County Quanyong Farms
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, specifically related to a kind of cultural method of rice vanilla fish, the step such as including rice field addressing and treatment, fry seed selection and dispensing, feedstuff feeding, daily management, it is mixed into 3 5% feed addictive in the feed, the feed is main, and raw material is fermented is made by 15 17 parts of white poplar leaf, 15 17 parts of Chinese tallowtree leaf, 13 15 parts of water peanut, 13 15 parts of green vegetables, 10 15 parts of day lily, 12 14 parts of Monochoria vaginalis etc.;The feed addictive is mainly mixed with 23 parts of 23 parts of 3 quinoline carboxylic acid and Florfenicol after crushed by herbal medicine such as 13 16 parts of Chinese lantern, 15 17 parts of Ramulus Taxilli, 11 12 parts of polygonum flaccidum, 11 12 parts of wartwort.The present invention scientifically organically combines Rice Cropping with fish culture, reduces feed of grass carp and feeds, and the solid deliciousness of meat, fat is low, is of high nutritive value, and fish body growth is fast, and yield is high, quality better.

Description

A kind of cultural method of rice vanilla fish
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, and in particular to a kind of cultural method of rice vanilla fish.
Background technology
Fish are to live in water throughout the year, with gill respiration, the alternating temperature vertebrate of balance and motion are aided in fin.Fish Meat is rich in animal protein and phosphorus matter etc., nutritious, and flavour is delicious, easily digested, to mankind's muscle power and intelligence Development play an important roll.Grass carp have strong adaptability, growth it is fast, it is individual it is big, that feeding habits are wide, disease is few, meat flavour is delicious etc. is excellent Point, is all preferable breed variety of a kind of economic benefit and social benefit, is one of four large Chinese carps of CHINESE FRESHWATER cultivation, is turned into One food materials on dining table.Rice field fish culture is that Rice Cropping and fish culture are organically combined into the one kind in same ecological environment to stand , there is, agriculture chemical unreasonable with fish stocking density of blindly breeding fish and apply improper in body plant breeding model, but traditional rice field fish culture The problems such as, result in material and mortality and the low problem of quality of fish in fish starvation or food rice field.
The content of the invention
Goal of the invention of the invention is:For above-mentioned problem, there is provided a kind of cultural method of rice vanilla fish, will Rice Cropping is scientifically organically combined in same ecological environment with fish culture, effectively reduces feeding for feed of grass carp, meat Solid, tasty, unique flavor is of high nutritive value, and can effectively solve the problem that the fish body speed of growth during rice field fish culture is slow, Yield and the low problem of quality.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of cultural method of rice vanilla fish, comprises the following steps:
(1) rice field is selected:Selection field base firmly, is had abundant water resources, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and the rice field of retain water and nutrients is as crawl;
(2) clear field sterilization:10-15 days before fingerling stocking, rice water in field is drained, 60-100kg/ mus of quick lime is added water Uniformly splashed in rice field immediately after stirring and carried out disinfection, then poured water to rice field;
(3) apply fertilizer to the subsoil:Base fertilizer is applied with water quality of fostering and apply fertilizer according to soil fertility;
(4) choose seeds:Selection neat specification, physique healthy and strong, the disease-free Grass carps' fries without wound, fry use quality percentage before being put into Concentration is the saline solution immersion 5-10min of 2-4%;
(5) fry is delivered:Fry, every mu of dispensing 300-500 tail are delivered after rice shoot is full of fringe;
(6) raise:Daily respectively to feed 2-3 feed sooner or later, the feed injected volume is the 5-7% of grass carp body weight, to institute The feed addictive that 3-5% is mixed into feed is stated, the feed is mainly made up of following raw material:White poplar leaf 15-17 Part, Chinese tallowtree leaf 15-17 parts, water peanut 13-15 parts, green vegetables 13-15 parts, day lily 10-15 parts, Monochoria vaginalis 12-14 parts, tumble-weed 15-17 parts, rescue 15-17 parts of heart dish, grey 17-20 parts of dish, sudangrass 15-17 parts, lemon-grass 17-20 parts, beet 10-12 parts, silkworm Pupa 8-10 parts, corn flour 8-10 parts, earthworm powder 10-12 parts, microorganism 1-2 parts;The feed addictive is main by following weight Part raw material is made:Chinese lantern 13-16 parts, acalypha copperleaf 15-17 parts, Ramulus Taxilli 15-17 parts, Verbena officinalis 13-15 parts, rhizoma calami 13- 15 parts, polygonum flaccidum 11-12 parts, wartwort 11-12 parts, Japanese Cayratia Herb 10-12 parts, Chinese violet 9-11 parts, wolf's milk 10-12 parts, vertical basin Careless 7-8 parts, kalimeris 6-7 parts, Mazus japonicus 6-7 parts, fruit of negundo 4-5 parts, 2-3 parts, Florfenicol 2-3 parts of 3- quinoline carboxylic acids;
(7) daily management:Periodically filling clear water, every month every mu of rice field splash by etc. quality DCCNa, The hybrid medicine that bleaching powder, copper sulphate, ferrous sulfate and BCDMH are mixed carries out disinfection.
Preferably, base fertilizer described in step (2) is through the Animal manure after fully fermentation.
Preferably, microorganism described in step (6) weight such as be than photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus, saccharomycete and lactic acid Bacterium mixes.
Preferably, feed described in step (6) is mainly made up of following raw material:16 parts of white poplar leaf, Chinese tallowtree leaf 16 parts, 14 parts of water peanut, 14 parts of green vegetables, 13 parts of day lily, 13 parts of Monochoria vaginalis, 16 parts of tumble-weed, rescue 16 parts of heart dish, grey dish 18 Part, 16 parts of sudangrass, 18 parts of lemon-grass, 11 parts of beet, 9 parts of silkworm chrysalis, 9 parts of corn flour, 11 parts of earthworm powder, 1.5 parts of microorganism;Institute Feed addictive is stated mainly to be made up of following raw material:15 parts of Chinese lantern, 16 parts of acalypha copperleaf, 16 parts of Ramulus Taxilli, Verbena officinalis 14 parts, 14 parts of rhizoma calami, 11.5 parts of polygonum flaccidum, 11.5 parts of wartwort, 11 parts of Japanese Cayratia Herb, 10 parts of Chinese violet, 11 parts of wolf's milk, hang down basin 7.5 parts of grass, 6.5 parts of kalimeris, 6.5 parts of Mazus japonicus, 4.5 parts of fruit of negundo, 2.5 parts of 3- quinoline carboxylic acids, 2.5 parts of Florfenicol.
Feed as described above is prepared by following steps:
(1) by fresh white poplar leaf, Chinese tallowtree leaf, water peanut, green vegetables, day lily, Monochoria vaginalis, tumble-weed, rescue heart dish, ash Dish, sudangrass, lemon-grass, beet impurity-removing are cleaned, and are shredded, and are mixed into compound, stand-by;
(2) compound, silkworm chrysalis, corn flour, earthworm powder and microorganism are well mixed, load in container or pile cone bonnet Upper film, spontaneous fermentation 3-4 month, is obtained the fermentation material;
(3) low temperature drying:Fermentation material is carried out into low temperature drying at 60-70 DEG C;
(4) crush, it is expanded:Dried fermentation material is crushed to 50-70 mesh, post curing treatment is carried out by expanded, then Crushing forms homogeneous powder product, and the feed is obtained.
Feed addictive as described above is prepared by following steps:
(1) by fresh polygonum flaccidum, wartwort, stringy stonecrop, Chinese lantern, kalimeris, Mazus japonicus, Ramulus Taxilli, Verbena officinalis, wolf's milk, Acalypha copperleaf, Japanese Cayratia Herb, rhizoma calami, Chinese violet and fruit of negundo removal of impurities are cleaned, stand-by;
(2) the above-mentioned raw material handled well is put into baking oven and bakes moisture less than 5%, and shredded, it is stand-by;
(3) raw material that step (2) is shredded is well mixed with 3- quinoline carboxylic acids, Florfenicol, the feed addition is obtained Agent.
The pharmacological properties of the part material for below being used for the present invention:
White poplar leaf:Classification system:Populus bonatii Levl, bitter is cool in nature, enters the spleen channel, with it is clearing heat and detoxicating, The effects such as anti-inflammatory, Li Shui, desinsection.
Water peanut:Classification system:Alternanthera Philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb, sweet, hardship, property It is cold, enter lung channel, it is clear and melodious good to eat, with the effect such as clearing away heat and promoting diuresis, removing pattogenic heat from the blood and toxic material from the body, antibacterial
Green vegetables:Classification system:Brassica chinensis var chinensis, quality is soft, feels satiny afterwards, bubble Pine, it is slightly sweet, containing various nutrients, rich in substantial amounts of plant cellulose is contained in vitamin C, green vegetables, intestines peristalsis, property can be promoted It is cool, sweet, enter liver, spleen, lung channel.
Day lily:Classification system:Hemerocallis citrina Baroni, delicious matter is tender, nutritious, rich in egg The nutritional ingredients such as white matter vitamin, fat, amino acid, sweet, cool in nature, Return liver, spleen, kidney channel, with have stomach invigorating, tonify the blood and arrest bleeding, Anti-inflammatory, clearing heat and promoting diuresis, the effects such as help digestion.
Monochoria vaginalis:Classification system:Monochoriapauciflora (Bl.) Kunth, containing protein, fat, cellulose, The nutritional ingredients such as calcium, phosphorus and multivitamin, sweet, cool in nature, the thoughts of returning home, lung, stomach, with it is clearing heat and detoxicating the effects such as.
Rescue heart dish:Classification system:Coral dealbatus, clean taste, medicine tableware is good, containing protein, fat, thick The nutritional ingredients such as fiber, vitamin and several mineral materials, it is mild-natured, it is sweet, enter the heart, liver, the warp of spleen three, with clearing heat and detoxicating, promoting blood circulation Stagnation resolvation, inducing diuresis and reducing edema, nourishing heart soothing the liver, the effects such as enriching blood of calming the nerves.
Grey dish:Classification system:Chenopodium album, alias powder son dish, lath dish, ash ash dish etc., sweet, hardship, property It is flat, return large intestine channel, delicious flavour, mouthfeel is tender, containing protein, fat, crude fibre, carbohydrate, various vitamins and The materials such as mineral matter element, volatile oil, alkaloid, it is nutritious, with heat-clearing, dampness removing, desinsection, antidiarrheal, removing toxic substances the effects such as, energy Enteron parasite is prevented, halitosis, strengthen immunity is eliminated.
Lemon-grass:Classification system:Moslachinensis Maxim, have another name called elscholtiza, and taste is pungent, slightly warm in nature is nontoxic, enter lung, Stomach two is passed through, and contained volatile oil has broad-spectrum antiseptic and bactericidal action, and plays the role of directly to suppress influenza virus, to large intestine bar Bacterium, staphylococcus aureus have bacteriostasis, are acted on digestive function, deodorant, expelling parasite, antibiotic and sterilizing, antiviral etc. is improved.
Polygonum flaccidum:Classification system:Polygonum hydropiper L, taste is pungent is warm in nature, returns stomach, large intestine channel, stops with desinsection Itch, removing toxicity for detumescence, expelling wind and removing dampness, blood stasis removing analgesic the effects such as.
Wartwort:Classification system:EuphorbiahelioscopiaL, taste is pungent, hardship, cold nature returns large intestine channel, small intestinl channel, lung Through the effects such as with removing toxic substances, desinsection, inducing diuresis for removing edema, preventing phlegm from forming and stopping coughing.
Stringy stonecrop:Classification system:Sedum sarmentosum Bunge, sweet, light, micro- acid, cold nature, the thoughts of returning home, liver, Courage, warp, with clearing heat and promoting diuresis, removing toxicity for detumescence, hemostasis blood-nourishing the effects such as.
Chinese lantern:Classification system:Physalis alkekengi L, bitter, sweet, cold in nature, return lung, liver and kidney channel, with clear The functions such as thermal detoxification, antibacterial desinsection, diuresis.
Kalimeris:Classification system:Kalimeris indica (Linn.) Sch, taste is pungent, cold nature, Return liver, kidney, stomach, large intestine Through with clearing heat and detoxicating, digestion gathered food, diuresis, the effects such as dissipate stasis of blood hemostasis.
Mazus japonicus:Classification system:Mazus japonicus (Thunb.) O.Kuntze, bitter is mild-natured, enters lung, liver, courage Three warp, with removing toxic substances, stomach invigorating, relieve pain the effects such as.
Japanese Cayratia Herb:Classification system:Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep, sour, hardship is cold in nature, the thoughts of returning home, liver, Stomach three is passed through, nontoxic, has functions that clearing heat and detoxicating, promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis, diuresis, there is antibacterial, removing toxic substances, detumescence, promoting blood circulation and anastalsis.
Rhizoma calami:Classification system:Acorus calamus L, taste is pungent, hardship are warm in nature, the thoughts of returning home, liver, stomach, containing noncrystalline Property bitter taste, containing fragrant volatile oil, such as oily octanol, asarylic acid, again methyl eugenol, rich terpenes have antibacterial, antibacterial, anti- The effect of parasite.
Verbena officinalis:Classification system:Verbena officinalis L, bitter is cold in nature, Return liver, the spleen channel, have it is clearing heat and detoxicating, Desinsection, antibacterial, biocidal efficacies.
Chinese violet:Classification system:Viola yedoensisMakino, bitter, pungent, cold in nature, the thoughts of returning home, lung channel, with clear Thermal detoxification, cool blood detumescence and antimycotic effect.
Acalypha copperleaf:Classification system:Acalypha australis L, it is bitter, puckery, it is mild-natured, enter the heart, lung, large intestine, small intestine Through having functions that clearing heat and detoxicating, dampness removing disperse accumulations, astringing to arrest bleeding, antibacterial and desinsection.
Wolf's milk:Classification system:Euphorbia prostrata Ait, taste is pungent is mild-natured, Return liver, large intestine channel, containing flavones Class compound and gallic acid, with clearing heat and detoxicating, cooling blood and hemostasis, neutralize a toxin and bacteriostasis antibiosis function.
Chinese tallow tree:Classification system:Sapium sebiferum (L.) Roxb, bitter, slightly warm in nature enters lung, kidney, stomach, large intestine channel, Containing Multiple components such as alkaloid, flavonoids, tannic acid, organic acid, phenols, with inducing diuresis for removing edema, removing toxic substances, desinsection, sterilized work With.
Fruit of negundo:Classification system:Vitex negundo L, taste is pungent, hardship are warm in nature, return lung, stomach, Liver Channel, and gas perfume row dissipates, tool Expel pathogenic wind from the body surface, preventing phlegm from forming and stopping coughing, regulating qi-flowing for relieving pain, rich in fat, there is significant weight-improving effect.
Ramulus Taxilli:Classification system:Taxillus sutchuenensis (Lecomte) Danser), another name peach parasitism, Chinese scurrula branchlet and leaf etc., bitter is mild-natured, returns liver and kidney channel, with wind-damp dispelling, filling liver kidney, strengthening the bones and muscles, calmness, diuresis, antibacterial and disease-resistant Malicious the effects such as.
In sum, by adopting the above-described technical solution, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. feed conversion raw material white poplar leaf of the invention, Chinese tallowtree leaf, water peanut, green vegetables, day lily, Monochoria vaginalis, mountain horse Dish, rescue heart dish, grey dish, sudangrass, lemon-grass, beet, silkworm chrysalis, corn flour, earthworm powder, lactic acid bacteria, saccharomycete, photosynthetic bacteria, Bacillus is fermented to be prepared from, the addition of plant, the palatability and nutritive value of feed is increased, also with certain guarantor Health-care function, is good plant protein fodder, while silkworm chrysalis, earthworm powder are respectively provided with abundant crude protein, fiber, vitamin, ammonia The nutriments such as base acid, the excellent animal protein sources of thing by these material mixings together, considerably increase the nutrition of feed Composition, is balanced feed nutrition, dramatically increases grass carp weight, and yield is high, and survival rate is high.But due to crude protein, thick fat The nutriments such as fat, crude fibre are difficult to be digested absorption, by after the fermentation process of microorganism so that starch contained therein in feed, The organic matter degradation such as protein and cellulose is monosaccharide and disaccharide, amino acid and trace element etc., promote feed soften, become perfumed and More agreeable to the taste, finally changing into those crude protein, crude fat, crude fibres for being difficult to be absorbed and used etc. can absorbed nutrition Material, improves the digestion of nutriment in feed, absorbs and utilization rate, and the various metabolites that microorganism produces are (such as Various acids, enzyme, antibiotic, bacteriocidin, somatomedin etc.) also it is mixed in feed, harmful bacteria growing can be suppressed, maintain grass The stabilization of fish intestinal microflora, promotes to digest and assimilate, so that the immunity and resistance against diseases of grass carp are improved, photosynthetic bacteria, Bacillus also has nutritive value very high, with stronger decomposition and inversion ability, nitrite, sulphur in the water body that can degrade The noxious materials such as compound, can also be purified water while as grass carp bait, and the water source of clean safety is provided to grass carp.
2. feed addictive of the invention be by Chinese lantern, acalypha copperleaf, Ramulus Taxilli, Verbena officinalis, rhizoma calami, polygonum flaccidum, wartwort, Japanese Cayratia Herb, Chinese violet, wolf's milk, stringy stonecrop, kalimeris, Mazus japonicus and fruit of negundo after crushed with 3- quinoline carboxylic acids, fluorobenzene Buddhist nun Examine and mix, wherein, Chinese lantern, acalypha copperleaf, Ramulus Taxilli, Verbena officinalis and rhizoma calami composition monarch drug in a prescription, with clearing heat and detoxicating, antibacterial The effect of desinsection, and the increase of antibacterial insecticidal range, effect is significant, enhance grass carp constitution from many aspects, improve grass carp immunity; Polygonum flaccidum, wartwort, Japanese Cayratia Herb, Chinese violet and wolf's milk these herbal combinations turn into ministerial drug, with clearing heat and detoxicating, antibacterial work With;These herbal combinations of stringy stonecrop, kalimeris and Mazus japonicus are adjutant, the effect with clearing heat and detoxicating stomach invigorating disperse accumulations;Fruit of negundo is Make medicine, there is significant weight-improving effect.Each performs its own functions for monarch, and mutually coordinated synergy, is mixed into feed, makes the health care of feed Effect is more protruded, nutritious, functional diversities, promotes grass carp to grow up healthy and sound from many aspects, significantly increases the constitution of grass carp, Enhance immunity, effectively facilitates growing for grass carp, improves the average weight gain amount of grass carp, reduces grass carp illness rate, 3- quinoline Carboxylic acid colibacillosis, enteritis, diarrhea and is had to various enteric infections by viral, bacterial mixed infection and complication Remarkable effect, Florfenicol has significant curative effect to bacteriosises such as infection in respiratory system and enteric infections, both increases, Disease resisting effect is more prominent, significantly reduces the illness rate of grass carp, and then effectively improves the culture benefit of grass carp, reduces cost, It is healthy and safe.
3. the present invention scientifically organically combines in same ecological environment Rice Cropping and fish culture, and grass carp is by rice Tanaka's migration is ingested weeds in paddy field, the insect that eats, dragonfly etc., is not only taken exercise, and also effectively reduces feeding for feed of grass carp, Meat is solid tasty, fatty low, unique flavor, and being of high nutritive value, then feed feed can effectively solve with feed addictive The fish body speed of growth certainly during rice field fish culture is slow, yield and the low problem of quality.
Specific embodiment
The invention discloses a kind of cultural method of rice vanilla fish, Rice Cropping and fish culture are scientifically organically combined In same ecological environment, feeding for feed of grass carp is effectively reduced, meat is solid, tasty, unique flavor, nutritive value Height, can effectively solve the problem that the fish body speed of growth during rice field fish culture is slow, yield and the low problem of quality.
Technical scheme is clearly and completely described below by specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
First, the preparation of feed and feed addictive
1. the preparation of feed:
Feed is mainly made up of following raw material:15 parts of white poplar leaf, 15 parts of Chinese tallowtree leaf, 13 parts of water peanut, green vegetables 13 parts, 10 parts of day lily, 12 parts of Monochoria vaginalis, 15 parts of tumble-weed, rescue 15 parts of heart dish, grey 17 parts of dish, 15 parts of sudangrass, lemon-grass 17 Part, 10 parts of beet, 8 parts of silkworm chrysalis, 8 parts of corn flour, 10 parts of earthworm powder and by etc. weight than lactic acid bacteria, saccharomycete, photosynthetic bacteria, 1 part of the microorganism that bacillus mixes.
The expectation of said ratio is prepared into feed using following methods, following steps are specifically included:
(1) by fresh white poplar leaf, Chinese tallowtree leaf, water peanut, green vegetables, day lily, Monochoria vaginalis, tumble-weed, rescue heart dish, ash Dish, sudangrass, lemon-grass, beet impurity-removing are cleaned, and are shredded, and are mixed into compound, stand-by;
(2) compound, silkworm chrysalis, corn flour, earthworm powder and microorganism are well mixed, load in container or pile cone bonnet Upper film, spontaneous fermentation 3 months is obtained the fermentation material;
(3) low temperature drying:Fermentation material is carried out into low temperature drying at 60 DEG C;
(4) crush, it is expanded:Dried fermentation material is crushed to 50 mesh, post curing treatment is carried out by expanded, then crush Homogeneous powder product is formed, the feed is obtained.
2. the preparation of feed addictive:
Feed addictive is mainly made up of following raw material:13 parts of Chinese lantern, 15 parts of acalypha copperleaf, 15 parts of Ramulus Taxilli, 13 parts of Verbena officinalis, 13 parts of rhizoma calami, 11 parts of polygonum flaccidum, 11 parts of wartwort, 10 parts of Japanese Cayratia Herb, 9 parts of Chinese violet, 10 parts of wolf's milk, hang down 7 parts of basin grass, 6 parts of kalimeris, 6 parts of Mazus japonicus, 4 parts of fruit of negundo, 2 parts of 3- quinoline carboxylic acids, 2 parts of Florfenicol.
The expectation of said ratio is prepared into feed addictive using following methods, following steps are specifically included:
(1) by fresh polygonum flaccidum, wartwort, stringy stonecrop, Chinese lantern, kalimeris, Mazus japonicus, Ramulus Taxilli, Verbena officinalis, wolf's milk, Acalypha copperleaf, Japanese Cayratia Herb, rhizoma calami, Chinese violet and fruit of negundo removal of impurities are cleaned, stand-by;
(2) the above-mentioned raw material handled well is put into baking oven and bakes moisture less than 5%, and shredded, it is stand-by;
(3) raw material that step (2) is shredded is well mixed with 3- quinoline carboxylic acids, Florfenicol, the feed addition is obtained Agent.2nd, feed addictive, the feed that will be prepared in one are comprised the following steps with the method for rice vanilla fish culture:
(1) rice field is selected:Selection field base firmly, is had abundant water resources, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and the rice field of retain water and nutrients is as crawl;
(2) clear field sterilization:10 days before fingerling stocking, rice water in field is drained, 60kg/ mus of quick lime is added water and is stood after stirring Uniformly splash in rice field and carry out disinfection, then poured water to rice field;
(3) apply fertilizer to the subsoil:Applied to make base fertilizer with water quality of fostering and apply fertilizer through the Animal manure after fully fermentation according to soil fertility;
(4) choose seeds:Selection neat specification, physique healthy and strong, the disease-free Grass carps' fries without wound, fry use quality percentage before being put into Concentration is 2% saline solution immersion 10min;
(5) fry is delivered:Fry, every mu of 300 tails of dispensing are delivered after rice shoot is full of fringe;
(6) raise:Daily respectively to feed 2 feeds sooner or later, the feed injected volume is the 5% of grass carp body weight, to the feeding 3% feed addictive is mixed into material;
(7) daily management:Periodically filling clear water, every month every mu of rice field splash by etc. quality DCCNa, The hybrid medicine that bleaching powder, copper sulphate, ferrous sulfate and BCDMH are mixed carries out disinfection.
Embodiment 2
First, the preparation of feed and feed addictive
1. the preparation of feed:
Feed is mainly made up of following raw material:16 parts of white poplar leaf, 16 parts of Chinese tallowtree leaf, 14 parts of water peanut, green vegetables 14 parts, 13 parts of day lily, 13 parts of Monochoria vaginalis, 16 parts of tumble-weed, rescue 16 parts of heart dish, grey 18 parts of dish, 16 parts of sudangrass, lemon-grass 18 Part, 11 parts of beet, 9 parts of silkworm chrysalis, 9 parts of corn flour, 11 parts of earthworm powder and by etc. weight than lactic acid bacteria, saccharomycete, photosynthetic bacteria, 1.5 parts of the microorganism that bacillus mixes.
The expectation of said ratio is prepared into feed using following methods, following steps are specifically included:
(1) by fresh white poplar leaf, Chinese tallowtree leaf, water peanut, green vegetables, day lily, Monochoria vaginalis, tumble-weed, rescue heart dish, ash Dish, sudangrass, lemon-grass, beet impurity-removing are cleaned, and are shredded, and are mixed into compound, stand-by;
(2) compound, silkworm chrysalis, corn flour, earthworm powder and microorganism are well mixed, load in container or pile cone bonnet Upper film, spontaneous fermentation 3.5 months is obtained the fermentation material;
(3) low temperature drying:Fermentation material is carried out into low temperature drying at 65 DEG C;
(4) crush, it is expanded:Dried fermentation material is crushed to 60 mesh, post curing treatment is carried out by expanded, then crush Homogeneous powder product is formed, the feed is obtained.
2. the preparation of feed addictive:
Feed addictive is mainly made up of following raw material:15 parts of Chinese lantern, 16 parts of acalypha copperleaf, 16 parts of Ramulus Taxilli, 14 parts of Verbena officinalis, 14 parts of rhizoma calami, 11.5 parts of polygonum flaccidum, 11.5 parts of wartwort, 11 parts of Japanese Cayratia Herb, 10 parts of Chinese violet, wolf's milk 11 Part, 7.5 parts of stringy stonecrop, 6.5 parts of kalimeris, 6.5 parts of Mazus japonicus, 4.5 parts of fruit of negundo, 2.5 parts of 3- quinoline carboxylic acids, Florfenicol 2.5 Part.
The expectation of said ratio is prepared into feed addictive using following methods, following steps are specifically included:
(1) by fresh polygonum flaccidum, wartwort, stringy stonecrop, Chinese lantern, kalimeris, Mazus japonicus, Ramulus Taxilli, Verbena officinalis, wolf's milk, Acalypha copperleaf, Japanese Cayratia Herb, rhizoma calami, Chinese violet and fruit of negundo removal of impurities are cleaned, stand-by;
(2) the above-mentioned raw material handled well is put into baking oven and bakes moisture less than 5%, and shredded, it is stand-by;
(3) raw material that step (2) is shredded is well mixed with 3- quinoline carboxylic acids, Florfenicol, the feed addition is obtained Agent.
2nd, the feed addictive that will be prepared in one, feed are with the method for rice vanilla fish culture, including following step Suddenly:
(1) rice field is selected:Selection field base firmly, is had abundant water resources, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and the rice field of retain water and nutrients is as crawl;
(2) clear field sterilization:13 days before fingerling stocking, rice water in field is drained, 80kg/ mus of quick lime is added water and is stood after stirring Uniformly splash in rice field and carry out disinfection, then poured water to rice field;
(3) apply fertilizer to the subsoil:Applied to make base fertilizer with water quality of fostering and apply fertilizer through the Animal manure after fully fermentation according to soil fertility;
(4) choose seeds:Selection neat specification, physique healthy and strong, the disease-free Grass carps' fries without wound, fry use quality percentage before being put into Concentration is 3% saline solution immersion 7min;
(5) fry is delivered:Fry, every mu of 400 tails of dispensing are delivered after rice shoot is full of fringe;
(6) raise:Daily respectively to feed 3 feeds sooner or later, the feed injected volume is the 6% of grass carp body weight, to the feeding 4% feed addictive is mixed into material;
(7) daily management:Periodically filling clear water, every month every mu of rice field splash by etc. quality DCCNa, The hybrid medicine that bleaching powder, copper sulphate, ferrous sulfate and BCDMH are mixed carries out disinfection.
Embodiment 3
First, the preparation of feed and feed addictive
1. the preparation of feed:
Feed is mainly made up of following raw material:17 parts of white poplar leaf, 17 parts of Chinese tallowtree leaf, 15 parts of water peanut, green vegetables 15 parts, 15 parts of day lily, 14 parts of Monochoria vaginalis, 17 parts of tumble-weed, rescue 17 parts of heart dish, grey 20 parts of dish, 17 parts of sudangrass, lemon-grass 20 Part, 12 parts of beet, 8 parts of soybean, 10 parts of silkworm chrysalis, 10 parts of corn flour, 12 parts of earthworm powder and by etc. weight than lactic acid bacteria, yeast 2 parts of the microorganism that bacterium, photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus mix.
The expectation of said ratio is prepared into feed addictive using following methods, following steps are specifically included:
(1) by fresh white poplar leaf, Chinese tallowtree leaf, water peanut, green vegetables, day lily, Monochoria vaginalis, tumble-weed, rescue heart dish, ash Dish, sudangrass, lemon-grass, beet impurity-removing are cleaned, and are shredded, and are mixed into compound, stand-by;
(2) compound, silkworm chrysalis, corn flour, earthworm powder and microorganism are well mixed, load in container or pile cone bonnet Upper film, spontaneous fermentation 4 months is obtained the fermentation material;
(3) low temperature drying:Fermentation material is carried out into low temperature drying at 70 DEG C;
(4) crush, it is expanded:Dried fermentation material is crushed to 70 mesh, post curing treatment is carried out by expanded, then crush Homogeneous powder product is formed, the feed is obtained.
2. the preparation of feed addictive:
Feed addictive is mainly made up of following raw material:16 parts of Chinese lantern, 17 parts of acalypha copperleaf, 17 parts of Ramulus Taxilli, 15 parts of Verbena officinalis, 15 parts of rhizoma calami, 12 parts of polygonum flaccidum, 12 parts of wartwort, 12 parts of Japanese Cayratia Herb, 11 parts of Chinese violet, 12 parts of wolf's milk, hang down 8 parts of basin grass, 7 parts of kalimeris, 7 parts of Mazus japonicus, 5 parts of fruit of negundo, 3 parts of 3- quinoline carboxylic acids, 3 parts of Florfenicol.
The expectation of said ratio is prepared into feed addictive using following methods, following steps are specifically included:
(1) by fresh polygonum flaccidum, wartwort, stringy stonecrop, Chinese lantern, kalimeris, Mazus japonicus, Ramulus Taxilli, Verbena officinalis, wolf's milk, Acalypha copperleaf, Japanese Cayratia Herb, rhizoma calami, Chinese violet and fruit of negundo removal of impurities are cleaned, stand-by;
(2) the above-mentioned raw material handled well is put into baking oven and bakes moisture less than 5%, and shredded, it is stand-by;
(3) raw material that step (2) is shredded is well mixed with 3- quinoline carboxylic acids, Florfenicol, the feed addition is obtained Agent.
2nd, the feed addictive that will be prepared in one, feed are with the method for rice vanilla fish culture, including following step Suddenly:
(1) rice field is selected:Selection field base firmly, is had abundant water resources, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and the rice field of retain water and nutrients is as crawl;
(2) clear field sterilization:15 days before fingerling stocking, rice water in field is drained, 100kg/ mus of quick lime is added water after stirring Uniformly splash in rice field immediately and carry out disinfection, then poured water to rice field;
(3) apply fertilizer to the subsoil:Applied to make base fertilizer with water quality of fostering and apply fertilizer through the Animal manure after fully fermentation according to soil fertility;
(4) choose seeds:Selection neat specification, physique healthy and strong, the disease-free Grass carps' fries without wound, fry use quality percentage before being put into Concentration is 4% saline solution immersion 5min;
(5) fry is delivered:Fry, every mu of 500 tails of dispensing are delivered after rice shoot is full of fringe;
(6) raise:Daily respectively to feed 3 feeds sooner or later, the feed injected volume is the 7% of grass carp body weight, to the feeding 5% feed addictive is mixed into material;
(7) daily management:Periodically filling clear water, every month every mu of rice field splash by etc. quality DCCNa, The hybrid medicine that bleaching powder, copper sulphate, ferrous sulfate and BCDMH are mixed carries out disinfection.
Experiment is described below:
Experimental Base:The rich cultivation Co., Ltd's fish culture base of Liuzhou City's news.
Experimental subjects:Selection scale identical fishpond, main foster grass carp, on March 1st, 2016 starts to deliver fry, each fish 30 grass carps (size is essentially identical) of Chi Jun marks, and weighed, during experiment, grass carp drinking-water is unrestricted, to amount of drinking water Also do not count.
Experimental period:Tested in November, 2016-December, by a definite date one month.
Experiment packet
Experiment 1
Blank group:Common grass carp feed is only fed, other cultural methods are identical with embodiments of the invention 1.
1st group:Feed addictive is obtained by raw material 3- quinoline carboxylic acids and Florfenicol according to the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1, And mix with the common grass carp feed of blank group according to the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1 and feed, it is other with the side of the embodiment of the present application 1 Formula is identical.
2nd group:Feed addictive is by raw material stringy stonecrop, kalimeris, Mazus japonicus and fruit of negundo according to the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1 It is obtained, and mix with the common grass carp feed of blank group according to the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1 and feed, other and the application implementation The mode of example 1 is identical.
3rd group:Feed addictive is implemented by raw material polygonum flaccidum, wartwort, Japanese Cayratia Herb, Chinese violet and wolf's milk according to the application The mode of example 1 is obtained, and mix with the common grass carp feed of blank group according to the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1 and feed, it is other and The application mode of embodiment 1 is identical.
4th group:Feed addictive is by raw material Chinese lantern, acalypha copperleaf, Ramulus Taxilli, Verbena officinalis and rhizoma calami according to the application reality Apply the mode of example 1 to be obtained, and mix with the common grass carp feed of blank group according to the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1 and feed, others and The mode of the embodiment of the present application 1 is identical.
5th group:Feed addictive is by raw material stringy stonecrop, kalimeris, Mazus japonicus, fruit of negundo, 3- quinoline carboxylic acids and Florfenicol It is obtained according to the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1, and mixes throwing with the common grass carp feed of blank group according to the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1 Hello, it is other identical with the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1.
6th group:Feed addictive is by raw material polygonum flaccidum, wartwort, Japanese Cayratia Herb, Chinese violet, wolf's milk, stringy stonecrop, kalimeris, logical Spring grass and fruit of negundo are obtained according to the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1, and according to the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1 and the common grass of blank group Fish meal mixing feeds, other identical with the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1.
7th group:Feed addictive is by raw material Chinese lantern, acalypha copperleaf, Ramulus Taxilli, Verbena officinalis, rhizoma calami, polygonum flaccidum, wartwort, crow The liana certain kind of berries, Chinese violet and wolf's milk are obtained according to the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1, and according to the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1 and blank The common grass carp feed mixing of group feeds, other identical with the mode of the embodiment of the present application 1.
8th group:The embodiment of the present application 1.
9th group:The embodiment of the present application 2.
10th group:The embodiment of the present application 3.
Testing index:Observed daily, and counted, the average weight gain amount and illness rate of grass carp, examination are calculated after one month Test the results detailed in table 1 below.
Table 1 is mixed into the average weight gain amount and illness rate of each group grass carp after feed addictive
Experiment 2
Blank group:Common feed of grass carp is only fed, other cultural methods are identical with embodiments of the invention 1.
White poplar leaf, Chinese tallowtree leaf, water peanut, green vegetables, day lily, Monochoria vaginalis, tumble-weed, rescue heart dish, grey dish, sudangrass, Lemon-grass, beet, silkworm chrysalis, corn flour, earthworm powder and microorganism
Comparative example 1:Feed is only fed, feed is according to of the invention by raw material silkworm chrysalis, corn flour, earthworm powder and microorganism The mode of embodiment 1 is prepared from, and other cultural methods are identical with embodiments of the invention 1.
Comparative example 2:Feed is only fed, feed is by raw material tumble-weed, rescues heart dish, grey dish, sudangrass, lemon-grass, beet And microorganism is prepared from according to the mode of embodiments of the invention 1, other cultural methods are identical with embodiments of the invention 1.
Comparative example 3:Feed is only fed, feed is by raw material white poplar leaf, Chinese tallowtree leaf, water peanut, green vegetables, day lily, duck Tongue grass and microorganism are prepared from according to the mode of embodiments of the invention 1, other cultural methods and the phase of embodiments of the invention 1 Together.
Comparative example 4:Feed is only fed, feed is by raw material white poplar leaf, Chinese tallowtree leaf, water peanut, green vegetables, day lily, duck Tongue grass, tumble-weed, rescue heart dish, grey dish, sudangrass, lemon-grass, beet and microorganism and prepared according to the mode of embodiments of the invention 1 Form, other cultural methods are identical with embodiments of the invention 1.
Comparative example 5:Feed is by raw material tumble-weed, rescues heart dish, grey dish, sudangrass, lemon-grass, beet, silkworm chrysalis, corn Powder, earthworm powder and microorganism are prepared from according to the mode of embodiments of the invention 1, other cultural methods and embodiments of the invention 1 is identical.
Comparative example 6:Feed is by raw material white poplar leaf, Chinese tallowtree leaf, water peanut, green vegetables, day lily, Monochoria vaginalis, silkworm chrysalis, jade Ground rice, earthworm powder and microorganism are prepared from according to the mode of embodiments of the invention 1, other cultural methods and implementation of the invention Example 1 is identical.
Count the grass carp The dead quantity in each fishpond daily, draw the general mortality rate of grass carp, on June 1st, 2016 with Machine extracts 10 labeled grass carps and weighs, and statistics is as shown in table 1:
The average weight gain and general mortality rate of the grass carp of table 1
As known from Table 1, knowable to from the 1st group to the 7th group, the addition of every kind of Chinese herbal medicine, the average weight gain amount of grass carp and illness Rate is different, and with the increase of the Chinese herbal medicine species being mutually combined, and the average weight gain amount and illness rate of grass carp are also therewith Improved, and effect is better than blank group, but effect is than the 8th group of difference, and knowable to the 8th, 9,10 groups, grass carp it is average Gain in weight and illness rate increase with the increase of the amount of raw material, but differ little.In sum, feed of the invention adds Plus agent prescription is the most scientific and reasonable, it is mixed into feed, can significantly increases the constitution of grass carp, enhance immunity, from many aspects effectively Promote growing for grass carp, improve the average weight gain amount of grass carp, reduce grass carp illness rate, and then effectively improve the cultivation of grass carp Benefit.
As known from Table 2, comparative example 1-6 compares, and it is high to feed the feed grass carp survival rate that plant is made, and plant and other The average weight gain and survival rate of the grass carp of the forage feed that combinations of substances is made are higher than what only plant was made, compare blank Group effect is significant, but it is poorer than embodiment 1, and embodiment 1,2,3 compares, the forage volume thrown is more, the Chinese herbal medicine for being added Additive capacity is more, and the average weight gain of grass carp is bigger, and general mortality rate is lower, but is more or less the same.In sum, grass of the invention Fish culture method is the most scientific and reasonable, and survival rate is high, premunition is strong, fish fast growth, delicious meat and yield are high, and then Improve the culture benefit of grass carp.
Described above is directed to the detailed description of preferably possible embodiments of the invention, but embodiment is not limited to this hair Bright patent claim, the equal change completed under the technical spirit suggested by all present invention or modification change, all should belong to Cover the scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of cultural method of rice vanilla fish, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) rice field is selected:Selection field base firmly, is had abundant water resources, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and the rice field of retain water and nutrients is as crawl;
(2) clear field sterilization:10-15 days before fingerling stocking, rice water in field is drained, 60-100kg/ mus of quick lime is added water stirring Uniformly splash in rice field immediately afterwards and carry out disinfection, then poured water to rice field;
(3) apply fertilizer to the subsoil:Base fertilizer is applied with water quality of fostering and apply fertilizer according to soil fertility;
(4) choose seeds:Selection neat specification, physique healthy and strong, the disease-free Grass carps' fries without wound, fry use mass percentage concentration before being put into For the saline solution of 2-4% soaks 5-10min;
(5) fry is delivered:Fry, every mu of dispensing 300-500 tail are delivered after rice shoot is full of fringe;
(6) raise:Daily respectively to feed 2-3 feed sooner or later, the feed injected volume is the 5-7% of grass carp body weight, to the feeding The feed addictive of 3-5% is mixed into material, the feed is mainly made up of following raw material:15-17 parts of white poplar leaf, crow 15-17 parts of Chinese tallow tree leaf, water peanut 13-15 parts, green vegetables 13-15 parts, day lily 10-15 parts, Monochoria vaginalis 12-14 parts, tumble-weed 15-17 Part, rescue 15-17 part of heart dish, ash 17-20 parts of dish, sudangrass 15-17 parts, lemon-grass 17-20 parts, beet 10-12 parts, silkworm chrysalis 8-10 Part, corn flour 8-10 parts, earthworm powder 10-12 parts, microorganism 1-2 parts;The feed addictive is main by following raw material It is made:Chinese lantern 13-16 parts, acalypha copperleaf 15-17 parts, Ramulus Taxilli 15-17 parts, Verbena officinalis 13-15 parts, rhizoma calami 13-15 parts, it is peppery Knotweed 11-12 parts, wartwort 11-12 parts, Japanese Cayratia Herb 10-12 parts, Chinese violet 9-11 parts, wolf's milk 10-12 parts, stringy stonecrop 7-8 parts, Kalimeris 6-7 parts, Mazus japonicus 6-7 parts, fruit of negundo 4-5 parts, 2-3 parts, Florfenicol 2-3 parts of 3- quinoline carboxylic acids;
(7) daily management:Periodically filling clear water, every month every mu of rice field splash by etc. quality DCCNa, bleaching The hybrid medicine that powder, copper sulphate, ferrous sulfate and BCDMH are mixed carries out disinfection.
2. the cultural method of rice vanilla fish according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Base fertilizer described in step (2) be through Animal manure fully after fermentation.
3. the cultural method of rice vanilla fish according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Microorganism is described in step (6) Etc. weight than photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus, saccharomycete and lactic acid bacteria mix.
4. the cultural method of rice vanilla fish according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Feed is main described in step (6) It is made up of following raw material:16 parts of white poplar leaf, 16 parts of Chinese tallowtree leaf, 14 parts of water peanut, 14 parts of green vegetables, 13 parts of day lily, 13 parts of Monochoria vaginalis, 16 parts of tumble-weed, rescue 16 parts of heart dish, grey 18 parts of dish, 16 parts of sudangrass, 18 parts of lemon-grass, 11 parts of beet, silkworm chrysalis 9 parts, 9 parts of corn flour, 11 parts of earthworm powder, 1.5 parts of microorganism;The feed addictive is mainly made up of following raw material: 15 parts of Chinese lantern, 16 parts of acalypha copperleaf, 16 parts of Ramulus Taxilli, 14 parts of Verbena officinalis, 14 parts of rhizoma calami, 11.5 parts of polygonum flaccidum, 11.5 parts of wartwort, 11 parts of Japanese Cayratia Herb, 10 parts of Chinese violet, 11 parts of wolf's milk, 7.5 parts of stringy stonecrop, 6.5 parts of kalimeris, 6.5 parts of Mazus japonicus, fruit of negundo 4.5 parts, 2.5 parts of 3- quinoline carboxylic acids, 2.5 parts of Florfenicol.
5. the cultural method of the rice vanilla fish according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the feed passes through Following steps are prepared:
(1) by fresh white poplar leaf, Chinese tallowtree leaf, water peanut, green vegetables, day lily, Monochoria vaginalis, tumble-weed, rescue heart dish, grey dish, Sudangrass, lemon-grass, beet impurity-removing are cleaned, and are shredded, and are mixed into compound, stand-by;
(2) compound, silkworm chrysalis, corn flour, earthworm powder and microorganism are well mixed, after loading in container or piling cone, compacting And film is covered, spontaneous fermentation 3-4 month, fermentation material is obtained;
(3) low temperature drying:Fermentation material is carried out into low temperature drying at 60-70 DEG C;
(4) crush, it is expanded:Dried fermentation material is crushed to 50-70 mesh, post curing treatment is carried out by expanded, then crush Homogeneous powder product is formed, the feed is obtained.
6. the cultural method of the rice vanilla fish according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the feed addition Agent is prepared by following steps:
(1) by fresh polygonum flaccidum, wartwort, stringy stonecrop, Chinese lantern, kalimeris, Mazus japonicus, Ramulus Taxilli, Verbena officinalis, wolf's milk, iron amaranth Dish, Japanese Cayratia Herb, rhizoma calami, Chinese violet and fruit of negundo removal of impurities are cleaned, stand-by;
(2) the above-mentioned raw material handled well is put into baking oven and bakes moisture less than 5%, and crushed, it is stand-by;
(3) raw material that step (2) is crushed is well mixed with 3- quinoline carboxylic acids, Florfenicol, the feed addictive is obtained.
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Application publication date: 20170623