CN106879293B - A kind of long-rhizome class crop harvester - Google Patents

A kind of long-rhizome class crop harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106879293B
CN106879293B CN201710248339.7A CN201710248339A CN106879293B CN 106879293 B CN106879293 B CN 106879293B CN 201710248339 A CN201710248339 A CN 201710248339A CN 106879293 B CN106879293 B CN 106879293B
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China
Prior art keywords
spades
rack
crane
sliding slot
commutator
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CN201710248339.7A
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CN106879293A (en
Inventor
彭三河
卢碧林
管志雄
杨友平
张运波
王小燕
程建平
邹娟
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Yangtze University
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Yangtze University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D13/00Diggers, e.g. potato ploughs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D33/00Accessories for digging harvesters
    • A01D33/08Special sorting and cleaning mechanisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D33/00Accessories for digging harvesters
    • A01D33/14Lifting or lowering mechanisms for the tools

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of long-rhizome class crop harvesters;Belong to technical field of agricultural mechanical equipment.The cropper includes rack, air compressor, commutator and harvesting apparatus, rack two sides are symmetrically arranged with traveling wheel, side is fixed with commutator in rack, the other side is equipped with harvesting apparatus in rack, air compressor is housed, air compressor is connect by transmission belt with commutator in the rack between harvesting apparatus and commutator.When the cropper works, the long-rhizome class crop in agricultural land soil can easily be harvested by symmetrically arranged spades, and will not cause to damage to long-rhizome class crop, the crop condition of harvest is good, efficiency of crop is effectively increased, labor intensity is reduced, harvests and uses especially suitable for long-rhizome class crop.

Description

A kind of long-rhizome class crop harvester
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of long-rhizome class crop harvesters;Belong to technical field of agricultural mechanical equipment.
Background technique
Root crop is divided into long-rhizome class, root tuber and palpus tubers again.Long-rhizome class crop such as Chinese yam, fructus arctii Deng;The isometric root crop of Chinese yam, fructus arctii is rich in protein, amino acid, vitamins and other nutritious components, has very high nutrition and medicine With value.But due to the rhizome of this kind of crop be long column shape, quality is more fragile, and vertical growth when depth of soils, harvest slightly Have and will lead to fracture accidentally, is damaged;Influence its quality.Crop is damaged in the process to avoid harvesting as a result, at present Chinese yam, ox The root crops such as burdock mostly use greatly manual work, i.e., the soil on the crop tubers such as Chinese yam, fructus arctii periphery are first dug pine, then by its It is carefully extracted out from soil, although the condition of this harvesting approach crop is good, its efficiency of crop is low, and large labor intensity is time-consuming Arduously, cause to harvest at high cost, directly affect planting benefit.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to: it provides that a kind of structure is simple, and practicability is good, efficiency of crop can be effectively improved, reduce labor Fatigue resistance, and the good long-rhizome class crop harvester of crop condition harvested.
The technical scheme is that
A kind of long-rhizome class crop harvester;Including rack, air compressor, commutator and harvesting apparatus, feature exists In: rack two sides are symmetrically arranged with traveling wheel, and side is fixed with commutator in rack, and the other side is equipped with harvesting apparatus in rack, Air compressor is housed, air compressor is connect by transmission belt with commutator in the rack between harvesting apparatus and commutator.
Air jet pipe is symmetrically arranged on the air compressor.
The harvesting apparatus is made of lifting cylinder, fixed frame, crane, installation inclined plate, harvest cylinder and spades, Gu Determine to be fixed with lifting cylinder on frame, crane, lifting cylinder are movably installed with by sliding slot on the fixed frame below lifting cylinder It is connect by piston rod with crane;Multiple harvest cylinders are fixed with by symmetrically arranged installation inclined plate on crane, are harvested The piston rod end of cylinder is equipped with spades.
Spades sliding slot is provided on installation inclined plate below the harvest cylinder, spades is oblique by spades sliding slot and installation Plate is slidably connected.
The lower port of the spades sliding slot is provided with scraper plate, and nozzle is arranged in the upper port of spades sliding slot, and nozzle passes through company Logical hose is connected to air jet pipe.
The crane is the frame body that bottom is provided with opening.
The front end of rack is provided with hanger bracket.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
When the long-rhizome class crop harvester works, the length in agricultural land soil can be easily harvested by symmetrically arranged spades Root crop, and long-rhizome class crop will not be caused to damage, the crop condition of harvest is good, efficiency of crop is effectively increased, Labor intensity is reduced, harvests and uses especially suitable for long-rhizome class crop.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of harvesting apparatus of the invention.
In figure: 1, rack, 2, air compressor, 3, commutator, 4, harvesting apparatus, 5, traveling wheel, 6, hanger bracket, 7, promotion Cylinder, 8, fixed frame, 9, crane, 10, installation inclined plate, 11, harvest cylinder, 12, spades, 13, air jet pipe, 14, spades sliding slot, 15, scraper plate;16, sliding slot, 17, shaft coupling.
Specific embodiment
The long-rhizome class crop harvester includes rack 1, air compressor 2, commutator 3 and harvesting apparatus 4.1 liang of rack Side is symmetrically arranged with traveling wheel 5, and 1 front end of rack is provided with hanger bracket 6.
Side is fixed with commutator 3 in rack 1, and an another side is equipped with harvesting apparatus 4 in rack 1.Harvesting apparatus 4 is by promotion gas Cylinder 7, fixed frame 8, crane 9, installation inclined plate 10, harvest cylinder 11 and spades 12 are constituted, and are fixed with lifting cylinder on fixed frame 8 7, crane 9 is movably installed with by sliding slot 16 on the fixed frame 8 of the lower section of lifting cylinder 7, lifting cylinder 7 is by piston rod and rises Frame 9 is dropped to connect;Crane 9 is the frame body that bottom is provided with opening.
Harvest cylinder 11 is fixed with by symmetrically arranged installation inclined plate 10 on crane 9, harvests the piston rod of cylinder 11 9 lower section of crane is extended to by the opening of 9 bottom of crane, the piston rod end of harvest cylinder 11 is equipped with spades 12;It receives It obtains and is provided with spades sliding slot 14 on the installation inclined plate 10 of 11 lower section of cylinder, spades 12 is sliding by spades sliding slot 14 and installation inclined plate 10 Dynamic connection.
Air compressor 2 is housed, air compressor 2 passes through transmission belt in the rack 1 between harvesting apparatus 4 and commutator 3 It is connect with commutator 3;Air jet pipe 13 is symmetrically arranged on air compressor 2, the lower port of spades sliding slot 14 is provided with scraper plate 15, Nozzle is arranged in the upper port of spades sliding slot 14, and nozzle is connected to by being connected to hose with air jet pipe 13.At work by spades 12 Soil in surface and spades sliding slot 14 blows quiet.Air compressor 2 respectively with lifting cylinder 7, harvest cylinder 11 be connected to, with for Lifting cylinder 7, harvest cylinder 11 provide operation power.
In 4 course of work of air compressor 2 and harvesting apparatus of the long-rhizome class crop harvester (in figure not by controller Show) control, when work, which is connect by hanger bracket 6 with traction device, while passing through shaft coupling 17 Commutator 3 is connect with the power device of traction device, to work with engine-driven air compressor 2.
The working method of the long-rhizome class crop harvester is intermittent fragmentary works, during harvest, in lifting cylinder 7 Under the action of 9 downlink of crane, when crane 9 and soil contact, 9 downlink of crane stops, and harvests cylinder 11 one by one at this time Movement, so that spades 12 to be inserted into the bottom of stem class crop by the two sides of root crop, makes spades 12 to stem class crop shape At obvolvent state, after the completion of above-mentioned movement, lifting cylinder 7 acts again drives 9 uplink of crane, so that spades 12 is promoted to Farmland surface.
After spades 12 is promoted to farmland surface, harvest cylinder 11 is acted, and drives spades 12 to bounce back by piston rod, this During one, the scraper plate 15 of 14 lower port of spades sliding slot setting plays a barrier effect to the soil on spades 12, thus by iron Soil on shovel 12 is scraped together with the stem class crop of its package, and the stem class crop scraped by manually picking up one by one.
After spades 12 bounces back in place, air compressor 2 starts, and the high pressure draught of generation is sprayed by each nozzle, blows down iron Remaining soil in 12 surfaces and spades sliding slot 14 is shoveled, to prevent spades sliding slot 14 to be blocked and the remaining soil shadow of spades 12 The insertion next time of spades 12 is rung, subsequent work can be entered and recycled.
The long-rhizome class crop harvester structure is simple, and practicability is good, can effectively improve efficiency of crop, and it is strong to reduce labour Degree, and the stem class crop condition harvested is good, percentage of damaged goods is low, solves that existing artificial efficiency of crop is low, and large labor intensity is time-consuming to take Power leads to harvest at high cost, the problem of directly affecting planting benefit;It harvests and uses especially suitable for long-rhizome class crop.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of long-rhizome class crop harvester, including rack (1), air compressor (2), commutator (3) and harvesting apparatus (4), rack (1) front end is provided with hanger bracket (6);Rack (1) two sides are symmetrically arranged with traveling wheel (5), and side is solid in rack (1) Equipped with commutator (3), the other side is equipped with harvesting apparatus (4) in rack (1), the rack between harvesting apparatus (4) and commutator (3) (1) air compressor (2) are housed on, are symmetrically arranged with air jet pipe (13) on air compressor (2);Air compressor (2) passes through Transmission belt is connect with commutator (3);It is characterized by: the harvesting apparatus (4) is by lifting cylinder (7), fixed frame (8), liter It drops frame (9), installation inclined plate (10), harvest cylinder (11) and spades (12) to constitute, is fixed with lifting cylinder (7) on fixed frame (8), It is movably installed with crane (9) on fixed frame (8) below lifting cylinder (7) by sliding slot (16), crane (9) sets for bottom It is equipped with the frame body of opening;Lifting cylinder (7) is connect by piston rod with crane (9);By being symmetrical arranged on crane (9) Installation inclined plate (10) be fixed with multiple harvest cylinders (11), be provided with iron on the installation inclined plate (10) below harvest cylinder (11) It shovels sliding slot (14), spades (12) is slidably connected by spades sliding slot (14) and installation inclined plate (10);Harvest the piston of cylinder (11) Rod end head is equipped with spades (12);The lower port of spades sliding slot (14) is provided with scraper plate (15), the upper port of spades sliding slot (14) Nozzle is set, and nozzle is connected to by being connected to hose with air jet pipe (13);
The work step of the long-rhizome class crop harvester are as follows:
1), crane (9) downlink under the action of lifting cylinder (7), when crane (9) are contacted with soil, under crane (9) Row stops,
2), harvest cylinder (11) acts one by one, so that spades (12) is inserted into stem class crop by the two sides of root crop Bottom makes spades (12) form obvolvent state to stem class crop,
3), lifting cylinder (7) acts again drives crane (9) uplink, so that spades (12) is promoted to farmland surface;
4), after spades (12) is promoted to farmland surface, harvest cylinder (11) movement drives spades (12) to return by piston rod Contracting, during this, the scraper plate (15) of spades sliding slot (14) lower port setting plays a blockings work to the soil on spades (12) With so that the stem class crop by the soil on spades (12) together with its package scrapes, the stem class crop scraped by manually picking up one by one It picks up;
5) after, spades (12) bounces back in place, air compressor (2) starting, the high pressure draught of generation is sprayed by each nozzle, is blown down Remaining soil in spades (12) surface and spades sliding slot (14), it is residual with spades (12) to prevent spades sliding slot (14) to be blocked The insertion next time of the Influence To Soil spades (12) stayed can enter subsequent work and recycle.
CN201710248339.7A 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 A kind of long-rhizome class crop harvester Active CN106879293B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106879293A CN106879293A (en) 2017-06-23
CN106879293B true CN106879293B (en) 2019-03-08

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0823742A (en) * 1994-07-13 1996-01-30 Seirei Ind Co Ltd Mobile type root vegetable harvester
CN2838238Y (en) * 2005-07-11 2006-11-22 毕泗同 Novel rhizome fruit harvest machine
CN201328250Y (en) * 2008-11-11 2009-10-21 廉世平 Yam harvester
CN201509426U (en) * 2009-09-04 2010-06-23 欧洪斌 Multifunctional rhizome harvester
CN102057786A (en) * 2010-10-15 2011-05-18 李垒 Yam harvesting and planting dual-purpose machine
CN202799645U (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-03-20 崔彦奎 Plant rootstalk excavator
CN204131969U (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-02-04 山东省农作物种质资源中心 Chinese yam harvester

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0823742A (en) * 1994-07-13 1996-01-30 Seirei Ind Co Ltd Mobile type root vegetable harvester
CN2838238Y (en) * 2005-07-11 2006-11-22 毕泗同 Novel rhizome fruit harvest machine
CN201328250Y (en) * 2008-11-11 2009-10-21 廉世平 Yam harvester
CN201509426U (en) * 2009-09-04 2010-06-23 欧洪斌 Multifunctional rhizome harvester
CN102057786A (en) * 2010-10-15 2011-05-18 李垒 Yam harvesting and planting dual-purpose machine
CN202799645U (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-03-20 崔彦奎 Plant rootstalk excavator
CN204131969U (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-02-04 山东省农作物种质资源中心 Chinese yam harvester

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