CN106878159A - The control method and system of connection are matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways more - Google Patents

The control method and system of connection are matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways more Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106878159A
CN106878159A CN201611252112.1A CN201611252112A CN106878159A CN 106878159 A CN106878159 A CN 106878159A CN 201611252112 A CN201611252112 A CN 201611252112A CN 106878159 A CN106878159 A CN 106878159A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
knx
control
bus
intelligent gateway
protocol
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201611252112.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
石子龙
冯启源
马建伟
鲁鹏
刘俊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhongke Tongde (beijing) Ecological Technology Co Ltd
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Zhongke Tongde (beijing) Ecological Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611252112.1A priority Critical patent/CN106878159A/en
Publication of CN106878159A publication Critical patent/CN106878159A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L12/00Data switching networks
    • H04L12/66Arrangements for connecting between networks having differing types of switching systems, e.g. gateways
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L12/00Data switching networks
    • H04L12/28Data switching networks characterised by path configuration, e.g. LAN [Local Area Networks] or WAN [Wide Area Networks]
    • H04L12/2803Home automation networks
    • H04L12/283Processing of data at an internetworking point of a home automation network
    • H04L12/2836Protocol conversion between an external network and a home network
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L12/00Data switching networks
    • H04L12/28Data switching networks characterised by path configuration, e.g. LAN [Local Area Networks] or WAN [Wide Area Networks]
    • H04L12/2803Home automation networks
    • H04L12/2823Reporting information sensed by appliance or service execution status of appliance services in a home automation network
    • H04L12/2825Reporting to a device located outside the home and the home network
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Application independent communication protocol aspects or techniques in packet data networks
    • H04L69/08Protocols for interworking or protocol conversion
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Application independent communication protocol aspects or techniques in packet data networks
    • H04L69/18Multi-protocol handler, e.g. single device capable of handling multiple protocols

Abstract

The invention discloses the control method that connection is matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways more, KNX intelligent gateways are configured with multiple ports that can carry different agreement, KNX intelligent gateways are built-in with protocol conversion module, various different agreements carry out the conversion of agreement in protocol conversion module, to realize interconnecting between various different agreements.KNX intelligent gateways of the invention can realize the conversion between various different agreements, so that signal transmission can be rapidly performed by between various different agreements, without by means of the 3rd equipment, reducing the acquisition cost and human cost of equipment.

Description

The control method and system of connection are matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways more
Technical field
The invention belongs to communication technical field, specifically, being related to match a kind of KNX intelligent gateways the controlling party of connection more Method and system.
Background technology
As the development of society, the scale in city are also increasing, the population in city is being sharply increased, and how preferably to be managed Reason city becomes the important topic of city management department.With the continuous progress of science and technology, the strength by science and technology is come more The management city of effective more wisdom is into common recognition.With the expansion in city, control system it is integrated increasing, it is also more and more multiple It is miscellaneous.Various communications protocols, multiple interfaces are had in one system.Current control system exists not in protocol conversion and control aspect Foot, most equipment is all the mutual conversion and control between two kinds of agreements, which adds the quantity of protocol conversion device, Conversion between such as three kinds agreements, it is necessary to which three equipment could be completed, causes the response time of data to extend even data Smooth cannot transmit.In addition the debugging stage also become it is very complicated, increased the acquisition cost and human cost of equipment.
In current city management, the fragmentation of system is very serious, such as traffic control and security monitoring, is all different Department be responsible for, system cannot carry out data exchange so as to reach interconnection cross complaint, play overall efficiency, and urban congestion day is increasingly It is acute.It is to suffer from a problem that at present to realize that each system is connected as an entirety, while also each what is linked together Individual system realizes intelligent automaticization, is that city has wisdom.
City management is still in the manpower management stage at present, as the administrative staff for increasing needs of population are also continuous Increase, be all very big cost burden to society and government, human factor is excessive during management, cause the lack of standardization of management Disunity is even clashed.Cannot improve townie convenient and comfortable
In view of this it is special to propose the present invention.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, first purpose of the invention, there is provided The control method of connection being matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways, so that reach need not just can quickly just by means of third party device more Different agreement is carried out conversion purpose by prompt ground.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention is using the basic conception of technical scheme:
The invention discloses the control method that connection is matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways, KNX intelligent gateways are configured with multiple more The port of different agreement can be carried, KNX intelligent gateways are built-in with protocol conversion module, and various different agreements are in protocol conversion module The KNX agreements of standard are converted into, to realize interconnecting between various different agreements.
Further, the control method is comprised the following steps:
S41, control instruction of the reception from the first agreement;
S42, the object-based device controlled according to required for control instruction is obtained;
S43, the control instruction that the control instruction of the first agreement is converted into the second protocol that the object-based device is carried;
Wherein, the first agreement is different agreements from second protocol.
Further, the first described agreement is KNX bus protocols, 485 bus protocols, ICP/IP protocol or dry contact The agreement of security device.
Further, described second protocol is KNX bus protocols, 485 bus protocols, ICP/IP protocol or dry contact The agreement of security device, object-based device is KNX bus apparatus, 485 bus apparatus, TCP/IP equipment or security device.
Further, ICP/IP protocol is converted into 485 bus protocols, matching connection corresponding 485 through protocol conversion module Bus apparatus;
And/or, ICP/IP protocol is converted into KNX bus protocols through protocol conversion module, matches corresponding KNX buses and sets It is standby;
And/or, ICP/IP protocol is converted into dry contact security device agreement through protocol conversion module, matches corresponding security protection Equipment;
And/or, can mutually be changed between 485 bus protocols and KNX bus protocols, corresponding 485 bus is matched respectively to be set Standby and KNX bus apparatus.
It is another object of the invention to provide the control system that connection is matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways more, including:
KNX bus modules, are provided with KNX bus ports, and KNX bus apparatus are connected by KNX bus ports;
485 bus modules, are provided with 485 bus ports, and 485 bus apparatus are connected by 485 bus ports;
Stem grafting point module, is provided with dry contact port, and security device is connected by dry contact port;
Protocol conversion module, for different agreement to be carried out into protocol conversion, to realize the interconnection between various different agreements Intercommunication.
Further, at least KNX bus ports all the way are provided with KNX bus modules, KNX intelligent gateways are by described KNX bus ports are connected with KNX equipment.
Further, at least bus port of three tunnel 485 is provided with 485 bus modules, KNX intelligent gateways are by described 485 EBIs are connected with third party device;
Wherein, the third party device at least includes one below:Video monitoring equipment, gate access inter-speaking equipment or building Warning device.
Further, at least network interface card port all the way is provided with KNX intelligent gateways, KNX intelligent gateways pass through the network interface card Port is connected with server.
Further, at least three road dry contact ports are provided with stem grafting point module, KNX intelligent gateways pass through the stem grafting Point port is connected with security device, and can carry out the extension of security protection agreement.
After adopting the above technical scheme, the present invention has the advantages that compared with prior art.
1st, KNX intelligent gateways of the invention can realize the conversion between various different agreements, so that various differences Signal transmission can be rapidly performed by between agreement, without by means of the 3rd equipment, reduce equipment acquisition cost and Human cost.
2nd, the present invention can realize the communication of any agreement and form, with powerful compatibility, numerous ports and association View can be easily accomplished large-scale mutli-system integration
Specific embodiment of the invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing is of the invention schematic for providing further understanding of the invention as a part of the invention Embodiment and its illustrate for explaining the present invention, but do not constitute inappropriate limitation of the present invention.Obviously, drawings in the following description Only some embodiments, to those skilled in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be with Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of intelligent home control system of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of another intelligent home control system of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of flow chart of intelligent home furnishing control method of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of control method flow chart of record user behavior custom of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the intelligent gateway device of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 be the embodiment of the present invention intelligent gateway more match the control method flow chart of connection;
Fig. 7 be the embodiment of the present invention a kind of intelligent gateway more match connection control system structural representation;
Fig. 8 be the embodiment of the present invention another intelligent gateway more match connection control system structural representation.
It should be noted that these accompanying drawings and word description are not intended as limiting design model of the invention by any way Enclose, but be that those skilled in the art illustrate idea of the invention by reference to specific embodiment.
Specific embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in embodiment is clearly and completely described, following examples be used for illustrate the present invention, but It is not limited to the scope of the present invention.
In the description of the invention, it is necessary to explanation, term " on ", it is D score, "front", "rear", "left", "right", " perpendicular Directly ", the orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as " interior ", " outward " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, merely to just Described in the description present invention and simplifying, rather than indicate imply signified device or element must have specific orientation, with Specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In the description of the invention, it is necessary to illustrate, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Company ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, or being detachably connected, or be integrally connected;Can Being to mechanically connect, or electrically connect;Can be joined directly together, it is also possible to be indirectly connected to by intermediary.For this For the those of ordinary skill in field, above-mentioned term concrete meaning in the present invention can be understood with concrete condition.
Smart home is the embodiment of the Thingsization under the influence of internet, is modernization household developing direction.Smart home The various equipment in man are connected together by technology of Internet of things, each access interface, electrical equipment are realized by intelligent gateway device Equipment, security device, the internal information of the network port are exchanged and processed, then assisted a ruler in governing a country background server intelligent gateway is carried out far Process control, including the operation such as data change and upgrading.It is efficient by the intelligent control of household electric appliances, realize the interconnection of household Network control system so that the control of large hotel, office building, household house etc. turns to macroscopic view.Household electric appliances are by microprocessor, sensing Device technology, the network communications technology introduce home appliance after formed household appliances, its have automatic sensing residence space state and Household electrical appliances oneself state, household electrical appliances service state, can automatically control and receive residential customer in premises or long-range control command. Intelligentized Furniture equipment includes intelligent appliance, for example, intelligent air condition, intelligent television, intelligent water heater, intelligent washing machine, intelligence electricity Lamp etc..
KNX buses in the embodiment of the present invention are based on KNX communications protocol, wherein, KNX communications protocol is with electric installation bus Based on (EIB, Electrical Installation Bus), taken into account BatiBus and European home system agreement (EHS, European Home Systems Protocol) physical layer specification, and absorb configuration mode etc. in BatiBus and EHS Advantage.
Specifically, intelligent home control system of the invention is based on KNX bus designs.KNX buses are independently of manufacturer With the system of application field.It is connected on KNX media that (these media include twisted-pair feeder, radio frequency, electricity by all of bus apparatus The line of force or IP/Ethernet), they can enter row information exchange.Bus apparatus can be that sensor can also be actuator, use In control building management device such as:Illumination, shading/shutter, security system, energy management, heating, ventilation, air-conditioning system, letter Breath and monitoring system, service interface and building control system, remote control, metering, video/audio control, white goods control Deng.All these functions can be carried out controlling, monitor and sending signal by a unified system, it is not necessary to extra control Center processed.Each scattered equipment is connected and is grouped and assigns different functions by KNX by a bus.System is using serial Data communication is controlled, monitors and state report, and KNX is the distributed bus system based on event control, only works as bus Just message is sent in bus when above event occurs and when needing transmission information.
As shown in figure 1, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of intelligent home control system based on KNX agreements, the intelligent family Control system is occupied, including:
Electrical equipment control end, is connected with household electric appliances, household electric appliances is directly controlled and by the electricity from household electric appliances Device feedback signal sends;Electrical equipment control end can be understood as the remote control of household electric appliances, and it can enter with the device such as intelligent gateway Row communication, is on the one hand received from extraneous electrical appliance control signal, and household electric appliances are controlled;On the other hand electrical equipment is fed back Signal is sent to the external world.Electrical equipment feedback signal be the current working condition of electrical equipment, the electrical appliance control signal practice condition of electrical equipment or Person is fault-signal of electrical equipment etc..The bus protocol at electrical equipment control end may be different, when different types of electrical equipment control end connects , it is necessary to be changed to different control protocols when entering KNX bus intelligent home control systems, smart home pipe is facilitated after reunification Reason.Specifically, electrical equipment control end is accessed by KNX media.
Intelligent gateway, is KNX intelligent gateways, with electrical equipment control end communications electrical appliance control signal and electrical equipment feedback letter Number;Intelligent gateway is to realize the device that signal is changed with transfer, is put into by intelligent network more than the electrical appliance control signal of smart home Row transfer transmission.Based on itself internal design, intelligent gateway supports different protocol devices, its combined with hardware circuit and total Line SDK is processed the different agreement device signal type for accessing, with being combined into the controlling network based on KNX buses.
Server, is connected with intelligent gateway, receives the signal from intelligent gateway and processes;Server is dedicated for place A large amount of home control data are managed, and the device being managed to intelligent gateway.It is connected with intelligent gateway, on the one hand lower electric organ Control signal, realizes the indirect control to electrical equipment control end, on the other hand receives the electrical equipment feedback signal from intelligent gateway, enters Row background process.In addition, server can also be upgraded to intelligent gateway, parameter modification and Bug are repaired.
Specifically, a little chips are provided with inside intelligent gateway, the program of its internal write-in is used to support intelligent gateway Signal is changed and data processing function.During use, intelligent gateway along with the change inside intelligent domestic system, Such as:The change and electrical equipment that the conversion of household electric appliances, user require upgrading in itself, the related journey of intelligent gateway inside write-in Sequence and parameter also need to be adjusted correspondingly.Now, it is necessary to which long-range server is communicated with intelligent gateway, by its version Upgraded, lifted its control effect.Carrying out upgrading suddenly in use due to intelligent gateway can holding time, influence use The experience at family, the intelligent gateway of the present embodiment is automatically updated in the time timing not high of household electric appliances utilization rate.
It is similar, remote server it is also possible to use communication mode intelligent gateway is carried out parameter adjustment modification and Bug is repaired.When intelligent domestic system breaks down and mistake during use, be related to program inside intelligent gateway and During parameter, Server remote issues control signal and bug is repaired, or carries out small-sized parameter adjustment, it is ensured that intelligent gateway Effective use.
User terminal, is connected with server and intelligent gateway, and user terminal can be mobile terminal, computer terminal etc., move Dynamic terminal is provided with user terminal APP and/or web management interface.
As shown in Fig. 2 user terminal APP, the control to household electric appliances is realized to intelligent gateway transmission control command;With mutual The propulsion of networking process, mobile terminal popularization more and more many to the control design case of such as vehicle, household using equipment such as mobile terminals Rate is high and easy to control, user terminal APP is set on mobile terminals Intelligent housing is managed, not only rationally but also efficient. User only needs to be clicked on and selected on the menu set by user terminal APP, you can realize the control to household electric appliances.Enter one Step ground, is lifting Consumer's Experience, and household pattern is additionally provided with user terminal APP, need to only be clicked on household by the menu of the pattern Environment is switched over, and meets different household use demands, including:Receive a visitor pattern, general mode, pattern of leaving home, home mode, Leisure patterns and security protection pattern etc., further, can also design, such as according to being customized of user's request:Pet pattern etc..
On the user terminal APP can also real-time monitored understand the working condition of electrical equipment inside current household, inside current household Environmental aspect, environmental aspect includes humidity, temperature and data etc. air quality.While the urban environment situation outside household It has been shown that, user can be based on the control that same day weather judges indoor electric appliance.Such as:If today can be rainy, control window is closed, Or be automatically switched off before raining after control window ventilation a period of time.
Web administration end, is connected with server or intelligent gateway, and the data of intelligent gateway are configured and managed.Due to The use mostly large scene of current smart home, such as large hotel, office building or cell entirety, the smart home of the present embodiment Control system can carry out management simultaneously to many building multi-stories, and user terminal APP only carries out the customization adjustment of itself household, and Need to be adjusted control through web administration end by property or building management person if more macroscopical control such as water power.
Electrical equipment control end is sensor and/or actuator, and electrical equipment control end receives the electrical equipment control letter from intelligent gateway Number the operation of electrical equipment is controlled.As it was previously stated, controller of the electrical equipment control end equivalent to electrical equipment, there is communication function to send out for it Go out or receive signal of communication, household electric appliances are directly controlled with control function also, such as the switch and mode adjustment of air-conditioning, Or curtain is closed.Electrical equipment control end can be integrated design, it is also possible to separated with household electric appliances and set in household electric appliances Meter;Further, user can select to be located at all of electrical equipment control end is integrated at one, be more convenient the control of household electric appliances System.
Electrical equipment control end is connected by KNX buses with intelligent gateway, sends the electrical equipment feedback signal of household electric appliances to intelligence Gateway;Intelligent gateway is provided with KNX EBIs, and KNX EBIs, the KNX media are accessed in electrical equipment control end by KNX media It is twisted-pair feeder and/or power line and/or radio frequency and/or Ethernet.Specifically, electrical equipment control end is connected with electrical equipment, then by KNX Medium accesses KNX buses, the system that KNX buses are independently of manufacturer and application field.Connected by all of bus apparatus On to KNX media (these media include twisted-pair feeder, radio frequency, power line or IP/Ethernet), they can enter row information friendship Change.Bus apparatus can be that sensor can also be actuator, for controlling building management device such as:Illumination, shading/blinds Window, security system, energy management, heating, ventilation, air-conditioning system, information and monitoring system, service interface and building control system System, remote control, metering, video/audio control, white goods control etc..All these functions pass through a unified system Can be carried out controlling, monitor and sending signal, it is not necessary to extra control centre.KNX is disperseed each by a bus Equipment connect and be grouped and assign different functions.System is controlled using serial data communication, monitored and state report, KNX is the distributed bus system based on event control, only when event occurs in bus and when needing transmission information Message is sent in bus.The electrical equipment control end of the present embodiment just may include the control ends such as illumination, shading and air-conditioning, and they are equal Intelligent gateway device is accessed by KNX media, row information exchange is entered inside intelligent gateway device, on the one hand realized to electrical equipment The centralized Control of control end, on the other hand carries out multiple data exchange with background server, realizes data storage, upgrading or long-range Control.
Intelligent gateway is processed the electrical equipment feedback signal from electrical equipment control end for receiving, by shape after treatment conversion Into network signal upload onto the server.Server receives network signal and is processed and be issued to intelligent gateway, intelligent gateway The network signal that issues from server is received, treatment is converted to KNX signals and electrical equipment control end is controlled.Intelligent gateway is filled Put and be connected to electrical equipment control end and server, the KNX signals at electrical equipment control end and the network signal of server are mutually turned Change, specifically, network signal herein is TCP/IP signals.Intelligent gateway device mainly assume responsibility for the effect of signal transfer.
The network signal that server is received is the control from intelligent gateway and/or web administration end and/or user terminal APP Signal, the control signal is electrical appliance control signal.Server communicates phase with intelligent gateway, web-based management end and user terminal APP Even, communicated with intelligent gateway and issue electrical appliance control signal reception electrical equipment feedback signal, the reception pipe that is connected with web-based management end reason personnel Adjustment control signal and correspondence acted, being connected with user terminal APP can receive the displaying custom instruction of user, issue Intelligent gateway is managed control.
485 EBIs are additionally provided with intelligent gateway, and carry out interconnecting mutually by 485 EBIs and third party device It is logical;Intelligent gateway is provided with security protection stem grafting point interface, and smart home security is realized for external security device.These interfaces set Meter has further expanded the function of intelligent gateway device, it is considered to entered the bus apparatus of part 485 such as:Display control screen is touched, and The access of security device (for smart home alarm) so that intelligent gateway device is with better function.
For 485 interfaces and security protection stem grafting point interface, corresponding process circuit is provided with inside intelligent gateway device, coordinated Realize that third party's access device is exchanged and controlled with the information of server and electrical equipment control end.Third party device passes through 485 interfaces Incoming signal is transmitted to server after treatment, and server is analyzed treatment and sends control signal to coherent signal.Enter one Step ground, the security device signal that security protection stem grafting point interface is accessed also has process circuit, is carried out when household electric appliances break down Alarm triggering security device.
Specifically, after server receives electrical equipment feedback signal and is analyzed treatment, judging that event occur in household electric appliances herein Barrier, and cannot be repaired by remotely modifying intelligent gateway parameter, then send instructions to intelligent gateway down, trigger and intelligent network Close the connected security device of device.Further, the alarm signal of security device can be transmitted to web-based management end and remind custodian Member is processed, and is also synchronized to user terminal APP and is reminded user.
Intelligent home control system is managed for configuration by web-based management end to intelligent gateway.Specifically, intelligent gateway is filled Put inside chip program write-in upgraded, and relevant interface and parameter adjustment, or be in intelligent gateway occur Bug repaired.Specifically, the detailed process of intelligent gateway upgrading is:Intelligent gateway timing sends inquiry and believes to server Number, inquire about whether the version of current intelligent gateway needs to update, if desired update, set up channel reception renewal group with server Part etc. is automatically updated.And the adjustment of intelligent gateway inner parameter and the reparation of bug can be carried out immediately, as back-stage management people Member find intelligent gateway inside break down, or because actual cause need to modify parameter and program when, control server Directly remotely carry out the modification of intelligent gateway inner parameter and reparation.
User terminal APP is installed on customer mobile terminal, sends electrical appliance control signal to intelligent gateway or server with right Household electric appliances are controlled.User terminal APP has self-defined pattern, and the self-defined pattern is the group based on fixed control parameter Close.The design of user terminal APP is different from web-based management end, the operation of user terminal APP more simple and convenients.User only needs to carry out letter Single clicking operation.Specifically, each operating function button set on user terminal APP is all based on intelligent gateway device Or the interaction data stored on server, the electrical appliance control signal of a certain family household or a certain class household electric appliances of entire building is carried out Compile, form user behavior custom analysis result.When user is operated by user terminal APP, you can be called, Switch to the home control module of user's custom or current demand.
In some optional embodiments, the intelligent gateway of the intelligent home control system is multiple, correspondence floor or electricity Device type is set.In whole intelligent home control system, the household electric appliances that correspond to a certain class are provided with its corresponding intelligent network Close device.So design is advantageous in that, when the intelligent gateway device breaks down, the administrative staff on backstage are that lockable should The corresponding household electric appliances of intelligent gateway device break down, and can immediately be locked and repaired.
Further, correspond to certain first floor and be provided with its exclusive intelligent gateway device, when the intelligent gateway device goes out During existing failure, the administrative staff on backstage are that corresponding certain floor of the lockable intelligent gateway device breaks down, and can are Shi Suoding is simultaneously repaired.
Certainly generally, when intelligent home control system breaks down, intelligent gateway device is examined first Look into and process, when the treatment based on system is failed, just carry out manual maintenance.
In some optional embodiments, the intelligent gateway device classification of described intelligent home control system is set, such as: One building is provided with one-level intelligent gateway one, and four building units of correspondence are provided with second-level intelligence gateway two, then correspond to each list It is multiple that every layer of resident family of unit is provided with three-level intelligent gateway.Preferably, then corresponding each household user is provided with most final stage intelligent gateway.
So design is advantageous in that:The management of classification causes that the stereovision of intelligent home control system is stronger, controls To be more convenient, it helps back-stage management person or user's investigation failure.
As shown in figure 3, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of intelligent home furnishing control method based on KNX agreements, the intelligent family Control method is occupied, including:
S11, set up intelligent gateway and be connected with the KNX bus protocols of household electric appliances plug and play;
Intelligent gateway can control a house type, it is also possible to control entire building.When intelligent gateway is accessed first, it is not necessary to right Intelligent gateway carries out the coding configuration process of complexity, but only that intelligent gateway is connected by KNX buses with household electric appliances Get up just realize the process of Automated condtrol.
In embodiments of the present invention, intelligent gateway is set up to be specifically included with the communication connection of household electric appliances plug and play:
S111, the KNX control modules of intelligent gateway send query statement to household electric appliances, to obtain the KNX of household electric appliances Address;
When intelligent gateway is linked into household electric appliances first, or household electric appliances when accessing intelligent gateway first, once It is successfully accessed, intelligent gateway can send query statement from all of household electric appliances of trend, and household electric appliances receive the inquiry Respective KNX addresses spontaneously are fed back to intelligent gateway after instruction, the KNX addresses correspond with each household electric appliances, represent Respective unique identity, equivalent to the identification card number of equipment, with uniqueness.
After S112, KNX address are processed through the KNX control modules integration of intelligent gateway, upload onto the server and matched And/or binding.
Intelligent gateway is received after processed through control module integration behind unique KNX addresses of each household electric appliances, is uploaded to Server is simultaneously matched with KNX addresses reserved in the database of server, and successful matching is then bound, so as to complete house Occupy the collection work of electrical equipment KNX addresses.Certainly, optionally, for the KNX addresses of some special household electric appliances, server Described KNX addresses may not be prestored in database, server can directly be bound after KNX addresses are received.
S12, intelligent gateway receive the control command from each user terminal;
In embodiments of the present invention, user terminal is the equipment for controlling intelligent gateway that remote control is carried out to household electric appliances, Can be the equipment such as display touch-screen, mobile phone, IPAD, computer or television.
Control command can be that user passes through phonetic entry by user terminal touch input, or user.User When terminal is mobile phone, user can be input into character property order or voice command to intelligent gateway, for example, user needs to open air-conditioning When, can be input on mobile phone:" please turn on the aircondition " orders, or says " please turn on the aircondition " sentence, so as to complete to the remote of air-conditioning Process control, realizes that the switch of air-conditioning is intelligent.
Specifically illustrated as a example by showing touch-screen below:
When user needs inquiry household electric appliances particular state, query function can be started by the triggering button on screen, Intelligent home control system by after a series of analyzing and processing, by server by all smart homes for having built up connection The status information feedback of electrical equipment so that user checks, and waits the further operation of user to showing on touch-screen.Wherein, take The status information of the household electric appliances that business device is fed back is the information that real-time storage is carried out according to the real use state of household electric appliances, Once user needs to carry out inquiry work etc., server will feed back corresponding information to user, allow user that house is understood quickly The service condition of electrical equipment is occupied, great convenience is provide the user.
S13, control command pass through KNX bus transfers to household electric appliances control end, the household after being processed through intelligent gateway Electrical equipment control end is controlled household electric appliances accordingly.
User user terminal (mobile phone, flat board or computer etc.) be input into control command or with voice by way of be input into control System order, this control command is transferred to intelligent gateway by network system, and intelligent gateway is first by control command from network signal Data signal is converted to, then converts digital signals into KNX signals (analog signal), KNX signals herein are described to be had The control signal of effect.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, effective control signal (KNX signals) is accessed by the KNX ports on intelligent gateway KNX bus transfers are controlled by household electric appliances control end to household electric appliances control end to corresponding household electric appliances.Wherein, family It can be that sensor can also be actuator to occupy electrical equipment control end, for controlling building management device such as:Illuminating lamp, shading window, Shutter, security system, energy management system, heating system, ventilating system, air-conditioning system, information and monitoring system, service circle Face and building control system etc..
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, step S13 comprises the following steps:
S131, intelligent gateway determine the unique identifier ID of household electric appliances according to the control command.
Intelligent gateway receives the control command for carrying out user terminal, and every control command carries corresponding unique identifier, The household electric appliances that unique identifier correspondence is specified, i.e., just can determine that the household electric appliances specified by unique identifier ID.
S132, intelligent gateway determine effective control signal according to the unique identifier ID, and by the effective control Signal processed is sent to household electric appliances control end.
Control signal and its unique identifier ID of carrying are sent to household electric appliances control end, family by S133, intelligent gateway Occupy electrical equipment control end and send the control command to the household electric appliances corresponding with unique identifier.
In some optional embodiments, user terminal can be mobile terminal or computer terminal, be set on user terminal There is smart home APP, or WEB administration interfaces are provided with computer terminal, user can be managed by smart home APP and WEB Reason interface carries out remote control and/or well-managed to household electric appliances.
In some optional embodiments, a kind of intelligent home furnishing control method based on KNX agreements also includes:
S21, user terminal send control command to intelligent terminal, and the control command is sent to clothes after being parsed through intelligent gateway Business device.
S22, server again to intelligence end gateway issue packet, through intelligent gateway integrate after be sent to user terminal and Shown on user terminal.
Above-mentioned steps are specifically illustrated with reference to specific application scenarios:
The household electric appliances of intelligent gateway control include:TV, refrigerator, water heater, air-conditioning, illuminating lamp etc..
Specifically, user sends control command by mobile phone A PP or WEB administration interface to intelligent gateway, for example:" inquiry The working condition of all household electric appliances ", intelligent gateway carries out service logic analysis to the control command, and the data after analysis are led to Cross the network port and be sent to server, server issues packet after receiving the control command to intelligent gateway, after pass through User terminal is sent to after intelligent gateway integration treatment, and corresponding information is included on mobile phone or electricity by way of list On brain.
As shown in figure 4, a kind of KNX bus control methods for recording user behavior custom provided in an embodiment of the present invention, institute Stating KNX bus control methods includes:
The behavioural habits data of S31, collection through the user of KNX bus transfers within a period of time.
User is in daily life, it will usually have fixed habits and customs, for example, opening water heater after getting up;Leave Behind room, all of electric equipment of family is closed;Before going home, air-conditioning etc. is opened in advance.Now, intelligent gateway needs to use These behavioural habits at family are collected and store.
Preferably, the EMMC storage chips of the built-in 4GB capacity of intelligent gateway;The DDR3 of the onboard 512MB capacity of intelligent gateway Memory bar, the integrated MongoDB high-performance data storage storehouse of its systems soft ware is practised for storing user's behavior in daily life Used data.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, can be for a period of time one week or two weeks or other setting times, behavioural habits data Can be the operating parameter of user's operation smart home electrical equipment, the operating parameter includes operating time, operation address, operation family One kind or combination in type, operation equipment name and operating result.
Specifically, user is input into control instruction to control household electricity by user terminal within a period of time to intelligent gateway Device, intelligent gateway will receive all of control instruction be analyzed treatment after, store to EMMC storage chips.Control is referred to Make the operating parameter of corresponding user as element, add behavioural habits data acquisition system.For example, user is 7:The 00am moment, will Water heater is opened, and temperature is transferred into 75 degree, then the operating parameter for associating water heater is stored in behavior by intelligent gateway as element In custom set.Or, user is 9:00am, water heater is closed.Or, user is 18:The time of 00pm passes through mobile phone APP have sent a control command of " turning on the aircondition, 25 degree of temperature " to intelligent gateway, and the acquisition module of intelligent gateway correspondingly will All operating parameters collection corresponding to " turning on the aircondition " signal, and behavioural habits are added as element using each operating parameter In data acquisition system.Again or, user is 10:00pm closes air-conditioning.
Following table is that, according to the corresponding operating parameter of the above-mentioned user's operation enumerated, specifically see the table below:
Operating time Operation equipment name Equipment state Operating result
7:00am Water heater Open 75 degree
9:00am Water heater Close
18:00pm Air-conditioning Open 25 degree
10:00pm Air-conditioning Close
…… …… …… ……
The operating parameter of the intelligent gateway user of bulk registration as described in upper table within the time of one week, is equivalent to record Which type of operation user has carried out within this week to smart home, is also convenient for the user behavior that intelligent gateway judges high frequency Custom.
S32, the high frequency behavioural habits data obtained in user behavior custom data.
Treatment is analyzed to user behavior custom data, the operating parameter for filtering out high frequency appearance is practised as high frequency behavior Used data, in the behavioural habits data acquisition system of the user having built up, will appear from the most operating parameter of number of times and are defined as height Frequency behavioural habits data.For example, within the time of one week, the number of times of user's operation water heater at most, then by water heater adds high In frequency behavioural habits data acquisition system;Meanwhile, if user is not only the number of times of operation water heater at most, and the heat for manipulating every time The temperature value of hydrophone be fixed value or temperature value in fixed interval, then by described temperature value or temperature range also all In addition high frequency behavioural habits data acquisition system.
S33, data are accustomed to according to high frequency carry out data modeling, form optimum data model.
S34, the operation item needed for household electric appliances jump to user is automatically controlled according to optimum data model.
Technical scheme more than, the intelligentized control method that user can fully experience intelligent domestic system is brought Facility.For example, user is within a period of time, water heater is often reached 75 degree at 9 points in the morning, intelligent gateway is operated to user Be accustomed to carry operating parameter be acquired, store, analyzing, modeling treatment after, intelligent gateway automatic control water heater is daily Water heater is opened and reached near 75 degree or at least 75 degree by 9 points in the morning (can also be 9 points of critical point).
In some optional embodiments, behavioural habits data acquisition of the collection user within a period of time is through KNX buses Behavioural habits data of the user of transmission within a period of time are specifically included:
S311, acquisition user are controlled to household electric appliances and carry the control signal of operating parameter;
Control of the user to household electric appliances, can be the long-range control by mobile terminal or computer terminal to household electric appliances System, or user directly control each electric equipment manually.It is simultaneously corresponding that household electric appliances receive the control command from user The operation of user's needs is jumped to, now, the motion analysis that intelligent gateway can be performed according to household electric appliances goes out the control of user Entrained operating parameter in order.For example, if being operated to water heater, operating parameter is specifically included:Open hot water The current temperature of the time of device, water heater, preset temperature of water heater etc.;If being operated to television set, operating parameter Specifically include:Program needed for opening time, the actual program of television set and the user of television set etc..
S312, the behavioural habits data that treatment formation user is analyzed according to the control signal are simultaneously stored in data storage In storehouse.
In some optional embodiments, carry out data modeling according to high frequency custom data and specifically include:
S331, data scrubbing, the data remained with to delete redundant data are carried out to data storage storehouse.
When the operating parameter entrained by the control command by user is stored into data storage storehouse, data scrubbing is carried out, with Some unwanted redundant datas are deleted, so that the interference that redundant data is brought is reduced, also for standard is done in follow-up modeling It is standby.
S332, user's operating parameter is carried out variable design, form variable data.
The operating parameter (operating time, operation address, operation house type, operation equipment name and operating result) of user is carried out Variable design, forms variable data, so that for software programming provides basis.
S333, corresponding analysis are carried out to variable data using DAS.
S334, data modeling is carried out according to corresponding variable data, form optimum data model.
In certain embodiments, can also be according to the operation item needed for optimum data model intelligently pushing user.With with As a example by the operating air conditioner of family, obtained by some algorithms, statistics and analyzing and processing according to the user behavior custom data for collecting Optimal data model, optimal data model shows that user continues 19:00 opens air-conditioning, and the temperature of water heater is transferred to 25 degree, then the operation item needed for system pushes user to user terminal, such as:" whether air-conditioning is opened to 25 degree" user can be with Determine the state of air-conditioning by selecting "Yes" or "No".Certainly, user can also be by selecting other temperature.So, Very big facility is provided the user with, intelligentized effect becomes apparent from.
As shown in figure 5, a kind of KNX bus control systems for recording user behavior custom provided in an embodiment of the present invention, institute Stating KNX bus control systems includes:
User terminal, intelligent gateway and household electric appliances, user terminal and intelligent gateway wireless connection, intelligent gateway and household Electrical equipment is connected by KNX buses.Intelligent gateway includes:Acquisition module, acquisition module, data modeling module and KNX control mould Block, the acquisition module, acquisition module and data modeling module are connected with KNX control modules;Wherein,
Acquisition module, for gathering the behavioural habits data through the user of KNX bus transfers within a period of time;
Acquisition module, for obtaining the high frequency behavioural habits data in user behavior custom data;
Data modeling module, data modeling is carried out for being accustomed to data according to high frequency, forms optimum data model;
KNX control modules, for automatically controlling the operation needed for household electric appliances jump to user according to optimum data model Project.
Described control system also includes data storage storehouse, and the behavioural habits data and high frequency behavior for storing user are practised Used data;The data storage storehouse is connected with KNX control modules.Preferably, the EMMC storage cores of the built-in 4GB capacity of intelligent gateway Piece;The DDR3 memory bars of the onboard 512MB capacity of intelligent gateway, the integrated MongoDB high-performance data storage storehouse of its systems soft ware is used In storage user behavioural habits data and high frequency behavioural habits data in daily life.
As shown in fig. 6, in the embodiment of the present invention, intelligent gateway device one end is connected with the electrical equipment control end of household electric appliances, Specifically, electrical equipment control end is the sensor or actuator for household electric appliances to be carried out with function control, wherein intelligent gateway is filled Put and be connected by KNX media with electrical equipment control end.Intelligent gateway device is the design based on KNX buses, from electrical equipment control end Signal be input into intelligent gateway device by being arranged at the KNX signaling interfaces outside intelligent gateway device.Intelligent gateway Connected KNX control modules and central processing module are provided with inside device, on the one hand KNX control modules are responsible for realizing that intelligent gateway is filled The various KNX media put are accessed, and to support multiple interfaces agreement, on the other hand, KNX control modules coordinate central processing module reality The conversion of existing KNX signals.
Intelligent gateway device is also connected with background server, herein, by KNX signals and TCP/IP inside intelligent gateway device Network signal is changed, and to realize communicating for electrical equipment control end signal and background server signal, further, it is right to realize The remote control and feedback signal at electrical equipment control end are collected.
Specifically, intelligent gateway device includes:
KNX bus ports, on intelligent gateway device, for accessing KNX medium apparatus;Outside intelligent gateway device KNX bus ports are provided with, for accessing various KNX medium apparatus.Specifically, KNX medium apparatus herein refer to access The communication equipment of KNX buses, wherein KNX media are twisted-pair feeder and/or power line and/or radio frequency and/or Ethernet.Outside sets Standby (the electrical equipment control end in smart home) accesses intelligent gateway device by KNX media.Realize the distribution of information and anti- Feedback, specifically realizes the control to electrical equipment action and electrical appliance state feedback capture in Intelligent housing.
KNX control modules, are connected with KNX bus ports, and the KNX medium apparatus signals of access are converted into data signal And/or convert digital signals into KNX medium apparatus signals;The KNX control modules mainly realize that all kinds of protocol signals are believed with KNX Number conversion, be chip coordinate peripheral circuit design structure, it combine bus SDK provide versatile interface, it is ensured that it is many Class protocol devices can be exchanged into KNX signals after accessing intelligent gateway device, carry out signaling protocol unification, facilitate follow-up intelligence The control of household.
Central processing module, is connected with KNX control modules, and the data signal from KNX control modules is converted into network Signal and/or network signal is converted into data signal;Central processing module is mainly responsible for the numeral from KNX control modules Signal is converted to network signal, so as to the communication connection of the devices such as intelligent gateway device and server.Specifically, central processing module Server transport is entered the IP packets in intelligent gateway device to be converted to EIB bus datas and be delivered to KNX control modules, And/or the EIB bus datas from KNX control modules are converted into IP packets transmit to server.
The network port, is connected with central processing module, and network signal is transmitted to server and/or received from server Network signal.Specifically, the network port that intelligent gateway device passes through to be provided thereon is realized communicating with server.
Intelligent gateway device is connected to electrical equipment control end and server, by the KNX signals at electrical equipment control end and server Network signal is mutually changed, specifically, network signal herein is TCP/IP signals.Intelligent gateway device mainly assume responsibility for The effect of signal transfer.
Intelligent gateway device is provided with multiple interfaces, including power interface, for access third party device 485 interfaces and Security protection stem grafting point interface for connecting security device.The design of these interfaces has further expanded the work(of intelligent gateway device Can, it is considered to entered the bus apparatus of part 485 such as:Touch display control screen, and security device (for smart home alarm) connect Enter so that intelligent gateway device is with better function.
For 485 interfaces and security protection stem grafting point interface, corresponding process circuit is provided with inside intelligent gateway device, coordinated Realize that third party's access device is exchanged and controlled with the information of server and electrical equipment control end.Third party device passes through 485 interfaces Incoming signal is transmitted to server after treatment, and server is analyzed treatment and sends control signal to coherent signal.Enter one Step ground, the security device signal that security protection stem grafting point interface is accessed also has process circuit, is carried out when household electric appliances break down Alarm triggering security device.
Memory module is additionally provided with inside intelligent gateway device, memory module is stored to data, facilitates user to certainly The displaying customization that property is occupied, the data for being stored in memory module in addition can be additionally used in packet and directly invoke, take full advantage of The data of magnanimity, lift the experience of user.Preferably, the data of storage can be used for user behavior custom analysis, realize The adjustment of consumer electronics control ends.
Also there is intelligent gateway device displaying to customize function, realize that displaying individual is customized by control end.Coordinate intelligence The server that the memory module or cooperation set in energy gateway apparatus are connected with intelligent gateway device, realizes the field at electrical equipment control end Scape individual is customized.
Specifically, by same household electrical appliance or same group of household electrical appliance, the control parameter within certain time is collected Storage, use habit data or data group are formed after being computed treatment.When the corresponding household electric appliance operation of the custom data group, Intelligent home device or server directly invoke custom data group and are controlled.The function of displaying customization causes intelligent gateway Device is more intelligent and hommization.
Intelligent gateway device is connected with background server, when it's the old times pasts intelligent gateway device version, can be by background service Device carries out HardwareUpgring to intelligent gateway device.Intelligent gateway device carries out remote parameter adjustment by server controls, and parameter is adjusted Whole to be repaired including version updating and bug, due to being provided with multiple various chips inside intelligent gateway device, program in chip can be with Remotely write, to strengthen its function renewal version.Certainly, chip is joined by server controls in intelligent gateway device Number adjustment, to be also based on its internal peripheral circuit can be realized, program is realized or being designed as with internal hardware circuit Basis.
Specifically, multiple ports are provided with the outside of intelligent gateway device, are mainly included:KNX for transmitting KNX signals Bus port, 12V power ports, 485 serial ports:Serial ports L, serial ports M, serial ports R, the general purpose I/O port for accessing security device And the network port.All kinds of indicator lamps are additionally provided with the shell of intelligent gateway device, including power supply indicator, KNX buses are indicated Lamp, network indicator lamp, serial ports L indicator lamps, serial ports M indicator lamps and serial ports R indicator lamps.In addition, be additionally provided with shell for Carry out the reset key of intelligent gateway device reset.
Intelligent gateway device is applied to the large-scale control field of smart home, needs to be installed on distribution box when in use sometimes It is interior, the slide rail for installing other electromechanical assemblies is provided with distribution box, electromechanical assembly is coordinated by the slide rail set by itself body Mechanism or device are installed on slide rail.If being occurred in that during intelligent gateway use, failure need to be repaired, or be safeguarded, Then need to remove intelligent gateway to be repaired.On the one hand intelligent gateway meets dismountable demand with respect to the assembling of slide rail, another Aspect also assembles stabilization.The matching mechanism that intelligent gateway body has mainly on its shell, is specifically located at shell On upper lid.Sliding-rail groove is provided with the back side shell of the intelligent gateway device, intelligent gateway device coordinates through sliding-rail groove and slide rail It is installed in distribution box.In use, intelligent gateway device need to be arranged in distribution box.Intelligent gateway device is on shell Sliding-rail groove is provided with, and coordinates the associated mechanisms of shell to design the cooperation for realizing sliding-rail groove and distribution box slide rail.
Further, on the central plate of the enclosure of intelligent gateway device:It is provided with for realizing at data and signal The KNX control modules and central processing module of reason.It is higher in operating efficiency to ensure the high efficiency of intelligent gateway device work, Can produce to coordinate on the chip of amount of heat and be provided with heat abstractor.Further, it is additionally provided with the shell of intelligent gateway device For the louvre for radiating.
Intelligent gateway is used for Intelligent housing, when intelligent gateway is linked into intelligent domestic system, the intelligent gateway Initial configuration can be carried out, the wherein content of initial configuration includes that the latest firmware version of preceding intelligent gateway is easy to act as in automatic burning This.On the other hand, because intelligent gateway can be connected with the electrical equipment control end of household electric appliances, and each electrical equipment control end is to that should have The address of control is realized, initial configuration now is also including the distribution and initialization to the part electrical equipment control end address.Remove Outside this, because before intelligent gateway comes into operation, its internal each chip parameter and serial ports parameter have set, herein Interface etc. 485 interfaces that serial ports parameter is set on intelligent gateway device and security protection dry contact.
The chip set in intelligent gateway is mainly used in realizing the conversion and treatment of signal, is program or algorithm, when to core When the programmed algorithm of write-in is modified in piece, the signal processing method and function of intelligent gateway are also accordingly realized.And serial ports Parameter can influence whether the third party device being connected with intelligent gateway access succeeds, and such as 485 interfaces are modified and can deleted The third party device type for no longer accessing, or expand accessible third party device type.
As shown in fig. 7, matching the control method of connection, KNX intelligence a kind of KNX intelligent gateways of embodiment of the present invention offer more Gateway is configured with multiple ports that can carry different agreement, and KNX intelligent gateways are built-in with protocol conversion module, various different agreements The KNX agreements of standard are converted into protocol conversion module, to realize interconnecting between various different agreements.It is of the invention KNX intelligent gateways can realize the conversion between various different agreements, so that can be quick between various different agreements Signal transmission is carried out, without by means of the 3rd equipment, reducing the acquisition cost and human cost of equipment.
The control method of connection is matched KNX intelligent gateways more, including:
S41, control instruction of the reception from the first agreement.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the first agreement is KNX bus protocols, 485 bus protocols, ICP/IP protocol or stem grafting The agreement of point security device, every kind of agreement matches corresponding equipment respectively.For example, KNX bus protocols matching connection KNX buses set Standby (intelligent air condition, intelligent refrigerator, intelligent washing machine, intelligent TV set, intelligent microwave oven etc.);The matching connection of 485 bus protocols 485 bus apparatus;ICP/IP protocol matching connection server, router, mobile terminal etc..
S42, the object-based device controlled according to required for control instruction is obtained.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, intelligent gateway receives control instruction, can draw institute according to control instruction analysis Need the object-based device of control.For example, user is input into " turn on television set " by mobile phone A PP, being then judged as object-based device is Television set;If control instruction is " opening water heater ", object-based device is water heater;If control instruction is for " inquiry is all The current state of electric equipment ", then object-based device is server etc..
S43, the control instruction that the control instruction of the first agreement is converted into the second protocol that the object-based device is carried.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, second protocol is KNX bus protocols, 485 bus protocols, ICP/IP protocol or stem grafting The agreement of point security device, object-based device is KNX bus apparatus, 485 bus apparatus, TCP/IP equipment or security device.
In some optional embodiments, the first agreement is different from second protocol, and the first agreement is KNX bus protocols, the Two agreements are the agreement of 485 bus protocols, ICP/IP protocol or dry contact security device, i.e., the control for being carried by the first agreement Signal processed can be converted into the association of 485 bus protocols, ICP/IP protocol or dry contact security device by protocol conversion module The control signal of view.
Reverse conversion can also be carried out between a variety of agreements, for example, the first agreement is 485 bus protocols, TCP/ The agreement of IP agreement or dry contact security device, second protocol is KNX bus protocols.
If second protocol is identical with the first agreement, and second protocol is directly to be communicated with the first agreement, then be not required to The step of performing protocol conversion.
Wherein, object-based device is KNX bus apparatus, 485 bus apparatus, TCP/IP equipment or security device.
ICP/IP protocol is converted into 485 bus protocols, corresponding 485 bus apparatus of matching connection through protocol conversion module. When the network signal that ICP/IP protocol is carried is transmitted to 485 bus apparatus, ICP/IP protocol can be first converted into the KNX of standard Agreement, then transfer is carried out by KNX buses by KNX protocol conversions into 485 bus protocols, ICP/IP protocol and 485 bus protocols Protocol conversion between the two is completed afterwards.
And/or, ICP/IP protocol is converted into KNX bus protocols through protocol conversion module, matches corresponding KNX buses and sets It is standby.When server issues data to intelligent gateway,
And/or, ICP/IP protocol is converted into dry contact security device agreement through protocol conversion module, matches corresponding security protection Equipment;
And/or, can mutually be changed between 485 bus protocols and KNX bus protocols, corresponding 485 bus is matched respectively to be set Standby and KNX bus apparatus.
The control system that connection is matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways provided in an embodiment of the present invention is described more below, Fig. 8 is referred to, the control system of connection is matched more a kind of KNX intelligent gateways described in the embodiment of the present invention, including:
KNX bus modules, are provided with KNX bus ports, and KNX bus apparatus are connected by KNX bus ports;
485 bus modules, are provided with 485 bus ports, and 485 bus apparatus are connected by 485 bus ports;
Stem grafting point module, is provided with dry contact port, and security device is connected by dry contact port;
Protocol conversion module, for different agreement to be carried out into protocol conversion, to realize the interconnection between various different agreements Intercommunication.
KNX bus modules, 485 bus modules, stem grafting point module and protocol conversion module are slipped into intelligent gateway,
As shown in Fig. 2 being provided with least KNX bus ports all the way on KNX bus modules, KNX intelligent gateways are by described KNX bus ports are connected with KNX equipment.
At least bus port of three tunnel 485 is provided with 485 bus modules, KNX intelligent gateways pass through 485 EBI It is connected with third party device;Wherein, the third party device at least includes one below:Video monitoring equipment, gate access inter-speaking set Standby or building warning device.
At least network interface card port all the way is provided with KNX intelligent gateways, KNX intelligent gateways are by the network interface card port and service Device is connected.
Be provided with least three road dry contact ports on stem grafting point module, KNX intelligent gateways by the dry contact port with Security device is connected, and can carry out the extension of security protection agreement.
KNX control modules are provided with intelligent gateway, it carries the part signal translation function of intelligent gateway.The KNX The protocol conversion module is provided with control module, conversion unit of protocol coordinates bus SDK to realize to different KNX medium apparatus Access and protocol conversion, expanded the access device type of intelligent gateway, improve the function of intelligent gateway;By different KNX Medium apparatus protocol conversion is KNX signals, facilitates overall control and follow-up control;On the other hand, the KNX control modules Coordinate the central processing module in intelligent gateway, realize the conversion of KNX signals and network signal, it is ensured that the intelligent gateway and service Signal control and signal feedback between device.
Specifically, intelligent gateway carries the task of signal transfer, need to provide the access permission of various KNX media, and will KNX signals carry out the multiple mutual conversion with other signal types.Specifically, being provided with a control module in intelligent gateway, it is KNX control modules.The versatile interface that the KNX control modules are designed using TP-UART-IC chips, to realize to different type The access of KNX media, namely realize that different control protocol equipment are supported with composition control network.
KNX control modules are arranged in KNX intelligent gateways as embedded control device, are the center of KNX intelligent gateways Component.Used as hardware interface, KNX control modules combination bus SDK (SDK) is provided to following protocol devices Support:FT1.2protocol, supports FT1.2 protocol devices, can be with composition control network;PEI16protocol, supports PEI16 Protocol devices, can be with composition control network;TPUART, supports TPUART twisted-pair feeder equipment, can be with composition control network; EIBnet/IP Routing and Tunneling, support the route or tunnel communication equipment of EIBnet/IP, can constitute Controlling network;KNX on USB devices, support USB device, are communicated by UNIX/dev list of devices.
Further, the KNX control modules of a kind of intelligent gateway, including:
KNX input blocks, are connected with the KNX bus ports on intelligent gateway.Pass through first from outside signal KNX input blocks are connected in KNX control modules, and KNX input blocks are connected with conversion unit of protocol;
Conversion unit of protocol, KNX signals are converted to and/or by KNX signals by the signal of the various KNX medium apparatus for accessing Be converted to the signal of various KNX medium apparatus.Conversion unit of protocol is the core cell of KNX control modules, and it carries will be outer The signal of boundary's equipment is converted to KNX signals to carry out the heavy burden of subsequent treatment.KNX has been widened in the design of conversion unit of protocol herein The equipment access style of intelligent gateway, the signal that some non-KNX protocol devices are transmitted is changed, general to be converted to KNX signals carry out the overall control of smart home.
AD conversion unit, is converted to KNX signals data signal and/or converts digital signals into KNX signals.Due to Intelligent gateway carries the task of connecting circuit control end and server, therefore enters the signal from both in intelligent gateway domestic demand Row mutually conversion, is specially changed KNX signals and network signal.Therefore it is provided with analog-to-digital conversion in KNX control modules Unit, by pre-treatment formed KNX signals be converted to data signal, facilitate subsequent conversion be network signal.
Signal from KNX medium apparatus through KNX through in the KNX bus ports input intelligent gateway of intelligent gateway, being input into Unit is transmitted to conversion unit of protocol, is converted in conversion unit of protocol and transmit again after KNX signals to AD conversion unit, most Eventually data signal is converted to through AD conversion unit.
KNX control modules are embeddedly arranged in intelligent gateway, are a chip structure with peripheral circuit.The intelligence Gateway is used as the control terminal and signal processor of smart home, it is necessary to pass through the KNX bus ports which is provided with to control Electrical equipment is accessed, and specifically, the KNX input blocks of KNX control modules are connected with KNX bus ports herein, work as polytype External equipment (by different communication protocol transmission signal) when accessing intelligent gateway, conversion unit of protocol is to a variety of logical Letter agreement transmission signal is changed, and is converted to the KNX signals for being applicable the intelligent domestic system.Specifically, KNX control modules are also KNX signals are further changed, data signal is generated.Central processing module, KNX controls are additionally provided with the intelligent gateway Module is connected with central processing module, and central processing module receives data signal and further changed, to facilitate intelligent gateway With the communication of background server.
The KNX control modules on concrete structure include chip and peripheral circuit, peripheral circuit have signal isolation circuit and Serial digital amount output circuit.Signal isolation circuit has signal isolation function, and the data signal that treatment is completed is processed, So that signal transacting is better.Further, serial digital amount output circuit is mainly used in output digit signals.
Based on the function of KNX control modules in intelligent gateway, signal processing method is designed with, the signal processing method includes Following steps:
S51, the signal that external equipment is conveyed into intelligent gateway are first converted to KNX signals;
S52, KNX signals are converted into data signal again;
S53, by digital data transmission to central processing module, carry out the conversion of data signal and network signal.
It is the conversion described from KNX bus ports to server to signal, mainly anti-from electrical equipment control end electrical equipment The signal processing method that the household electric appliances initialization of feedback signal transmitting procedure and smart home is related to.
Further, the signal processing method also have reverse process method, server is issued electrical equipment control instruct to The signals transmission that electrical equipment control end receives electrical equipment control instruction is described.Reverse process method and the upper processing method It is all based on the chip inside intelligent gateway to realize, the setting data of the chip is in real time or timing updates.Specifically, intelligent network The chip in portion includes KNX control modules and central processing module inside the Pass.Due to during household electric appliances use, along with equipment Renewal and control method improvement, the program and algorithm that described signal processing method is based on be change, so as to signal Treatment is more perfect and powerful.
Reverse signal processing method specifically includes following steps:
S51 ', data signal will be converted to by central processing module from outside network signal;
S52 ', KNX signals are converted digital signals into again;
S53 ', KNX signals are changed and is set by being transmitted to corresponding outside with intelligent gateway KNX bus ports It is standby.
Further, outside network signal accesses intelligent gateway by way of wiredly and/or wirelessly.Further Ground, KNX bus ports are also wiredly and/or wirelessly with the access of external equipment.
Because external equipment accesses the protocol signal of intelligent gateway for various, it is related to different equipment (namely household electricity Device).Described signal processing method, the external equipment to accessing is classified, or its protocol signal is classified, and foundation Type is converted to KNX signals in batches.Specifically, such as being changed the access signal of lighting apparatus simultaneously, or will support The twisted-pair feeder device signal of TPUART agreements is changed simultaneously.Herein, can also set excellent to various types of equipment or agreement First level, is changed according to priority orders, and priority is forward, and the signal that urgent need is processed preferably carries out conversion process. So design is advantageous in that:Conversion is more efficient, and improves the operating efficiency of intelligent gateway.
Further, the setting of priority is based on the type or attribute of external equipment herein.Such as:Certain protocol signal is changed Processed using low peak period for the time-consuming relatively long then delayed treatment of KNX signals or in electrical equipment.Such as:Some equipment, such as refrigerator and door Prohibit etc., it is necessary to the moment feeds back its working condition, then the kind equipment is preferentially put into pre-treatment.
Further, because intelligent gateway is also communicated with mobile terminal, related communication and the parameter of control section After through remotely modifying, be connected method and the Content of Communication of intelligent gateway and mobile terminal can be also influenceed.
Communication module is additionally provided with intelligent gateway, the tune issued by communication module the reception server joins file, specifically, Communication module is communicated to connect by automatically and/or manually triggering with being set up with server;The intelligent gateway is additionally provided with controller, Controller is connected with communication module, and the tune ginseng file that controller is received to communication module is processed and distributed.Specifically, control Device processed will adjust the modification file distribution in ginseng file to transmit to corresponding module to be modified, and module to be modified receives correspondence itself Modification file, carries out parameter modification.
Specifically, for can long-range adjusting parameter intelligent gateway to that should have control method.The control method is based on long-range Server is modified to the parameter of intelligent gateway, and parameter herein is generalized concept, including the firmware of intelligent gateway update, core Write a program on piece, the parameter of interface and the circuit part that can be modified by software inside other.
Specifically include following steps:
S61, by intelligent gateway access smart home in, carry out initial configuration;Initial configuration includes automatic burning intelligence The address distribution at energy gateway latest edition and smart home electrical equipment control end.The interface parameters that may also include intelligent gateway is set Deng.
S62, intelligent gateway timing send version interrogation signal to server, and server is to intelligent gateway current version and most Redaction is compared;Because intelligent gateway can be related to huge electrical equipment control when in use, if being used electrical equipment in user Active period is upgraded to intelligent gateway and will be had influence on the use of smart home.The method design timing is updated to it, and one As for weekly, the time is user's sluggish moment in morning, and promptings, prompting user can be issued the user with before automatically updating Reduce electrical equipment control as far as possible within the intelligent gateway upgrading period and use.
S63, server judge that current intelligent gateway version needs to update, feedback more new signal to intelligent gateway;
S64, intelligent gateway receive the more new signal of feedback, and set up upgrading of the channel reception from server with server File carries out automatic burning upgrading.
When being updated, intelligent gateway sends version interrogation signal to server first, and inquiry oneself is currently used Version whether be latest edition.Server receives the interrogation signal from intelligent gateway, is judged and is fed back.Through judging Afterwards, if the version of current intelligent gateway needs to be updated, more new signal to intelligent gateway is fed back.Intelligent gateway receives feedback After the more new signal for arriving, setting up upgrade file of the channel reception from server with server carries out automatic burning upgrading.If through After judgement, the version for now being used as latest edition, then server issue feedback comparative result to intelligent gateway, tell intelligence Energy gateway is not required here and is updated.
After the completion of the automatic burning upgrading of step S64, intelligent gateway is performed automatically restarts.Restart rear newest version side Come into operation.
Intelligent gateway is also received has set up the modification file that connection server is issued at any time, with to intelligent gateway inside Bug Repaired or underlying parameter is modified.Due to during the use of intelligent gateway, it may appear that access device is incompatible Or the possibility of control data error, on the one hand can be on the other hand also required to intelligence by being improved solution to electric equipment Parameter in energy gateway is adjusted immediately, to adapt to the actual conditions being continually changing.
After intelligent gateway and server have built up to be connected, server end can immediately under send instructions or file, to intelligence Parameter in energy gateway is adjusted and changes, and long-range bug can be also carried out after the information for occurring bug in intelligent gateway is received Repair.
Specifically, underlying parameter includes 485 protocol parameters and/or security device species parameter and/or intelligent gateway inner core The version updating and/or database expansion of piece.Described control method is repaiied to 485 protocol parameters and security protection dry contact parameter After changing, the third party device species and security device species of access can be expanded.
The signal processing algorithm inside intelligent gateway can be changed after being updated to the version of chip, such as inside KNX believes Conversion number with network signal, or other protocol devices institute's transmission signals and KNX signals conversion.After modifying, can be with So that the information processing capability enhancing of intelligent gateway, greatly promotes its operating efficiency.
In step S64, if this automatic burning upgrading pause and/or interruption, intelligent gateway is recorded to this, and is waited Treat that sending version interrogation signal next time carries out automatic burning upgrading.During the automatic burning of intelligent gateway is upgraded, it may appear that Some fortuitous events, such as unexpected power failure, suspension or user misoperation.If above-mentioned situation occur have impact on this automatic burning Upgrading, then intelligent gateway is recorded to it.When waiting next cycle timing to update, the intelligent gateway just proceeds more Newly.
Preferably, if the overlong time for updating twice, intelligent gateway since last time burning upgrade unsuccessfully timing, exceed The next update time is not reached after certain hour also.Then control intelligent gateway send user prompting, by user manually or intelligent network Pass is updated in morning automatically, updates step constant.
In addition, server can also automatic push version updating message to intelligent gateway or user terminal, user can manually select Or intelligent gateway automatically selects and sets up passage with server and carry out burning upgrading.Preferably, the control method can also be in intelligent network Close in burning escalation process, manually or automatically suspend and start burning escalation process.
It is further preferred that after user receives parameter modification and bug repair signals from server, can be manual This parameter modification is refused in selection pause.Because certain customers may have special circumstances to use some household electric appliances, The parameter modification operation of intelligent gateway should not be carried out during use, now then can independently select the operation to intelligent gateway.
The above is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, and any formal limitation is not made to the present invention, though So the present invention is disclosed above with preferred embodiment, but is not limited to the present invention, any technology people for being familiar with this patent Member without departing from the scope of the present invention, when using the technology contents of above-mentioned prompting make it is a little change or be modified to The Equivalent embodiments of equivalent variations, as long as being the content without departing from technical solution of the present invention, according to technical spirit pair of the invention Any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification that above example is made, still fall within the range of the present invention program.

Claims (10)

1. the control method of connection is matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways, it is characterised in that KNX intelligent gateways are configured with multiple can more The port of different agreement is carried, KNX intelligent gateways are built-in with protocol conversion module, and various different agreements pass through protocol conversion module The KNX agreements of standard are converted into, to realize interconnecting between various different agreements.
2. the control method of connection is matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described more Control method is comprised the following steps:
S41, control instruction of the reception from the first agreement;
S42, the object-based device controlled according to required for control instruction is obtained;
S43, the control instruction that the control instruction of the first agreement is converted into the second protocol that the object-based device is carried;
Wherein, the first agreement is different agreements from second protocol.
3. the control method of connection is matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that institute more The first agreement stated is KNX bus protocols, and second protocol is 485 bus protocols, ICP/IP protocol or dry contact security device Agreement.
4. the control method of connection is matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that institute more The first agreement stated is the agreement of 485 bus protocols, ICP/IP protocol or dry contact security device, and second protocol is that KNX is total Wire protocol.
5., according to the control method that connection is matched a kind of any described KNX intelligent gateways of claim 1-4, its feature exists more In,
ICP/IP protocol is converted into 485 bus protocols, corresponding 485 bus apparatus of matching connection through protocol conversion module;
And/or, ICP/IP protocol is converted into KNX bus protocols through protocol conversion module, matches corresponding KNX bus apparatus;
And/or, ICP/IP protocol is converted into dry contact security device agreement through protocol conversion module, matches corresponding security protection and sets It is standby;
And/or, can mutually be changed between 485 bus protocols and KNX bus protocols, match respectively corresponding 485 bus apparatus and KNX bus apparatus.
6. a kind of with the control method that connection is matched a kind of any described KNX intelligent gateways of the claims 1-5 more Control system, it is characterised in that including:
KNX bus modules, are provided with KNX bus ports, and KNX bus apparatus are connected by KNX bus ports;
485 bus modules, are provided with 485 bus ports, and 485 bus apparatus are connected by 485 bus ports;
Stem grafting point module, is provided with dry contact port, and security device is connected by dry contact port;
Protocol conversion module, for different agreement to be carried out into protocol conversion, to realize interconnecting between various different agreements.
7. control system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that be provided with least that KNX is total all the way on KNX bus modules Line end mouthful, KNX intelligent gateways are connected by the KNX bus ports with KNX equipment.
8. the control system according to claim 6 or 7, it is characterised in that at least three tunnels are provided with 485 bus modules 485 bus ports, KNX intelligent gateways are connected by 485 EBI with third party device;
Wherein, the third party device at least includes one below:The alarm of video monitoring equipment, gate access inter-speaking equipment or building Equipment.
9. according to any described control systems of claim 6-8, it is characterised in that be provided with least one on KNX intelligent gateways Road network card port, KNX intelligent gateways are connected by the network interface card port with server.
10. according to any described control systems of claim 6-9, it is characterised in that be provided with least three on stem grafting point module Road dry contact port, KNX intelligent gateways are connected by the dry contact port with security device, and can carry out the expansion of security protection agreement Exhibition.
CN201611252112.1A 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 The control method and system of connection are matched a kind of KNX intelligent gateways more Pending CN106878159A (en)

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