CN106869931A - A kind of barren rock and cementing layering wedging mining with stowing technique and its structure - Google Patents

A kind of barren rock and cementing layering wedging mining with stowing technique and its structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106869931A
CN106869931A CN201710077514.0A CN201710077514A CN106869931A CN 106869931 A CN106869931 A CN 106869931A CN 201710077514 A CN201710077514 A CN 201710077514A CN 106869931 A CN106869931 A CN 106869931A
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filling
layering
ore
mining
barren rock
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CN106869931B (en
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罗先伟
赵元元
韦军
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GUANGXI GAOFENG MINING Co Ltd
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GUANGXI GAOFENG MINING Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C41/00Methods of underground or surface mining; Layouts therefor
    • E21C41/16Methods of underground mining; Layouts therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F15/00Methods or devices for placing filling-up materials in underground workings
    • E21F15/005Methods or devices for placing filling-up materials in underground workings characterised by the kind or composition of the backfilling material

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of barren rock and cementing layering wedging mining with stowing technique and its structure, during using upward horizontal slice cut and fill, using 3 ~ 4m mono- layering raise mining and filling, three layerings are used as a segmentation, first layer and the 3rd is respectively adopted tailing cemented filling, the second middle layering is using refuse compartment every mixed filling, lay scope and set according to Stope dimension and keep certain spacing with surrounding in bottom surface, tailing cemented filling is still used in hillock surrounding, and is contacted and is connected with upper and lower, layering cemented fill.It is complicated that the present invention solves prior art processes, high cost, labor productivity and nugget production capacity are relatively low, barren rock can not carry out the problem of rational application, using layering wedging mixed filling method, it is ensured that strength of filling mass, deads are largely consumed, cemented filling material is saved, the characteristics of with job safety, pack effectiveness high, low cost.

Description

A kind of barren rock and cementing layering wedging mining with stowing technique and its structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sub-terrain mines upward horizontal slice mining with stowing structure and its technique, and in particular to a kind of barren rock With cementing layering wedging mining with stowing technique and its structure.
Background technology
When earth's surface does not allow that avalanche, the grade of ore be higher, Value of Ore Deposits is larger or ore body upper lower burrs country rock moderately stable Or during steadiness difference, it is general to be exploited using the method for mining by the way of filling.The method controls country rock avalanche and earth's surface to move using obturation Move to carry out underground pressure management, and back production is carried out in the obturation for being formed or under its protection.With strong adaptability, ore back production Rate is high, and the rate of dilution is low, and operation is safer, can utilize industrial waste, protection earth's surface etc.;Have the disadvantage complex process, high cost, work Productivity ratio and nugget production capacity are relatively low.
Current China chats volume of cargo in storage is up to 44,000,000,000 tons, and 15,000,000,000 tons of tailings impoundment, wherein nonferrous metal mine give up Stone utilization rate is averagely less than 10%, and comprehensive utilization of tailing rate is 19% or so, causes very big environment and potential safety hazard.With peace Entirely, the continuous improvement of environment and the rate of extraction requirement to resource, cut and fill obtains popularization and application energetically, or even in iron Also begin to use in the orebody mining of ore deposit and grade.In terms of Mine Solid Wastes recycling, using tailings, give up The Mine Solid Wastes such as stone are used as the optimal selection that underground filling material is filling mining.Not only solve Mine Solid Wastes Recycling problem, and be reduce mining cost and improve the performance of enterprises effective way.
Substantial amounts of research and commercial Application, part mill tailings utilization rate are carried out currently with tailing filling aspect Level higher is reached.Low concentration classified tailingses consolidated fill of the filling technique also from early stage is cementing to crude tailings high concentration Filling, lotion, Paste-like body, and barren rock-defeated filling technique of crude tailings high concentration pipe etc..Make a general survey of current mine down-hole filling skill Art, tailings is still the main source of filling in mine aggregate with barren rock.For the mine that stratified filling method is exploited, entered using tailings The technique and technology of row consolidated fill comparative maturity, but currently for chats and crude tailings filling process technology still It is point and uses it, thus most mines fail effectively to be filled with crude tailings using barren rock.
Domestic patent database disclosed the technology report of some similar filling mining methods in recent years:
【Application number】ZL201610264170X,【Title】Bottom-column-free sectional cemented filling mining method,【Publication number】 CN105909247A, discloses a kind of bottom-column-free sectional cemented filling mining method, it by use be segmented into back production unit, Between upper and lower subsection interleaving arrangement extracting drift, substoping rhombus point, step pitch be basic back production unit, on fall to fan shaped medium length hole Ore removal under the conditions of ore deposit, many round short-delay blastings, barnyard, adopt after consolidated fill and using the rhombus air cushion that can be recycled in time Filling partition wall reserves compensating space in blasting and the explosion scope of freedom etc., but its filling method fails effectively to enter with crude tailings using barren rock Row filling.
The content of the invention
The present invention is provided one kind and largely can be backfilled using deads, and combines the cementing layering wedging mixing of crude tailings The barren rock of filling and cementing layering wedging mining with stowing technique and structure, solve prior art processes complexity, high cost, work life Yield and nugget production capacity are relatively low, and barren rock can not be applied reasonably, storing surface trouble, and cost of transportation is high to ask Topic.
Barren rock of the present invention and cementing layering wedging mining with stowing technique, step are as follows:
Step 1:Determine structural parameters, by nugget capwise arrangement, nugget height is consistent with miding level height, along orebody trend The mode that direction carries out one stop panel is advanced, the not shrink stone studding in exploitation process, when the less stable of ore body, is used Concrete casting partition wall, to isolate ore body and casting resin.
Step 2:Mining preparation work is carried out, mining preparation work mainly includes that stage haulage way, slice drift and segmentation ore removal are put down Lane, segmentation and layered-liaison tunnel, return air filling well, tailgate, drop shaft, filling gully, cutting crosscut and cutting gallery etc..
Step 3:Cut and adopt work, predominantly undercut work, post of not keeping on file, with the gallery that undercuts as the scope of freedom is expanded to ore deposit Room bottom gross area, forms pulling end space, and pouring forms reinforced concrete artificial bottom, to reduce ore losses.
Step 4:Actual mining, carries out back production and filling by 3 ~ 4m, mono- layering from bottom to top, and 3 are layered as one point Section, horizontal shallow hole ore caving is used when ore steadiness is good to shallow bore hole ore caving on during stability difference, can also be dug using short formula Rock bench car adopts a stoping operation for filling to improve production rock penetration performance using one, and excavation is filled when highly reaching 7-8m Operation is filled out, using scraper ore removal, the orebody mining poor for ore steadiness, when exposed area is big, it should be noted that use anchor The controlling measurement such as bar or long cable supporting ground pressure.
Step 5:Stope filling, the first layer of each segmentation and the 3rd is respectively adopted tailing cemented filling, middle The second layering using refuse compartment every mixed filling, casting resin fills underground and expects to stope by return air, the second barren rock being layered Barren rock is transported to stope by filling using scraper.
The ore body of the upward horizontal slice cut and fill of the technique should be thick big inclination and inclined orebody, using nugget Capwise arranges that back production width takes 8-10m.
The waste fill of the technique forms four water chestnut platform shapes, bottom ore body, country rock guarantor respectively with both sides when stacking Hold the distance of 0.5m.The hillock body for being formed is stacked with the natural repose angle of 40-45, stacks height 4m, upper surface paving Flat, the surrounding of hillock body uses tailing cemented filling, and upper surface to reserve 0.4m or so top dressing to ensure higher slice operation.
Barren rock of the invention works with cementing layering wedging mining with stowing structure, including return air filling well location in stope mining Face top, casting resin can fill well and be transported to stope by return air, and reinforced concrete artificial bottom is located at mineral building bottom, each Section orebody mining, should have cutting gallery and layered-liaison tunnel layered-liaison tunnel to be connected with each layer of stope, two sections stope Layered-liaison tunnel connected by filling draining The Small Well, cutting gallery and layered-liaison tunnel converge to slice drift, segmentation contact Road connection segment gallery, drop shaft is adopted quasi- ramp and is ganged up with segmentation connecting taxiway tail end from top to bottom through segmentation connecting taxiway, stope Most beneath layering use tailing cemented filling, intermediate hierarchical starts interval to carry out barren rock and stacks mixed filling, i.e. consolidated fill Body and barren rock are stacked mixed filling and are spaced apart in intermediate hierarchical, and stope is topmost layered as tailing cemented filling.
Tailing cemented filling layer and barren rock stack mixed filling layer has same thickness.
The present invention is applied to the grade of ore higher, larger Value of Ore Deposits or ore body upper lower burrs country rock moderately stable or firm Property difference orebody mining, be especially suitable for being applied during upward horizontal slice cut and fill.
The present invention uses layering wedging mixed filling method when up horizontal cut and fill stoping is exploited, by using segmentation Intermediate hierarchical carry out that barren rock is stored up and the all-tailing cemented filling in Upward slicing carries out wedging, still used in hillock surrounding Tailing cemented filling, and contact and be connected with upper and lower, layering Cemented Filling, it is ensured that mixed filling body intensity, prevent ore deposit The dilution for causing is caving when body or unstable rock, deads is reached and is maximally utilized, and ensure that layering cemented fill is strong The purpose of degree, realizes safety and high efficiency, and filling cost is greatly lowered and discharge of the mine waste to earth's surface is reduced, can be effective Storing up for stope is carried out using mine down-hole ore, greatly reduces the storing surface and cost of transportation of barren rock, improve waste stone utilization Rate, and supporting role of the all-tailing cemented filling realization to country rock and adjacent stope ore body is combined, with job safety, filling effect Rate is high, low cost the characteristics of.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of sub-terrain mines upward horizontal slice mining with stowing structure of the present invention, i.e., along I-I section of Fig. 2.
Fig. 2 is II-II line profile along Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is III-III line profile along Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the schematic perspective view that waste fill is stacked.
In figure:1- return air fills well;2- stopes;3- barren rocks;4- cemented fills;5- reinforced concrete artificial bottoms; 6- tailgates;7- stage haulage ways;8- slice drifts;9- layered-liaison tunnels;10- drop shafts;11- is segmented connecting taxiway;12- is adopted Quasi- ramp;13- fills draining The Small Well;14- fills gully;15- ore bodies;16- cuts gallery.
Specific embodiment
The concrete use case of mining concept proposed by the present invention is:For the exploitation of above-mentioned classification ore body, level interval takes 40 ~ 60m, nugget length typically takes 50 ~ 60m, can be reduced to 30 ~ 40m when ore body is broken and ground pressure is larger.First pass through ore body base plate Level haulage gallery and incline boring exploiting field connecting taxiway, slice drift, segmentation ore removal gallery, drop shaft, then near ore body Base plate driving return air filling well is communicated with upper stage casing prospect tunnel.Before back production, in nugget bottom driving cutting crosscut, along ore body Driving cutting gallery is moved towards, is undercuted along cutting gallery as the scope of freedom with cutting crosscut, with the propulsion of layering, set up drainage Well and it is embedded with the plastic film capicitor in hole and is connected with filling draining The Small Well, and caunched to being segmented ore removal gallery chute, is allowed to Gradually gone up a slope from loaded vehicle and be changed into loaded vehicle descending.
After completing to adopt quasi- cutting work, by slicing from bottom to top, a stoping operation mode filled is adopted using one, Using shallow bore hole or short formula drill jumbo rock drilling, scraper ore removal.The first layer of each segmentation and the 3rd is respectively adopted Tailing cemented filling, the second middle layering uses refuse compartment every mixed filling.Barren rock is stacked during waste fill upwards and forms four Water chestnut platform shape.Bottom surface barren rock laying scope sets according to Stope dimension and keeps certain spacing with surrounding, in hillock surrounding Tailing cemented filling is still used, and is contacted and is connected with upper and lower, layering Cemented Filling, it is ensured that mixed filling body intensity, Prevent to be caving the dilution for causing when ore body or unstable rock.
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 2 is a kind of layering wedging mixed filling mining concept figure of the invention.Actual (real) thickness first according to ore body and The mining ore deposit section of inclination angle arrangement ore body and the physical dimension of nugget, nugget highly take 60m, mineral building 10m wide, and mineral building is long to be ore body Thickness, this accompanying drawing takes 12m;First pass through ore body base plate level haulage gallery 7 and adopt quasi- ramp 12 driving segmentation connecting taxiway 11, Slice drift 8, layered-liaison tunnel 9, filling gully 14 and drop shaft 10.Then near ore body base plate driving return air filling well 1 with Upper stage casing gallery is communicated.Before back production, in the vertical orebody trend driving cutting gallery 16 in nugget bottom, to cut crosscut as freely Face is undercuted along cutting gallery.After pulling end space is formed, pouring forms reinforced concrete artificial bottom 5, height 6m.Press from bottom to top Mono- layering of 4m carries out back production and filling, and 3 are layered as a segmentation.Two back production units, one stop panel, one are set in nugget When back production unit is filled or conserved, another back production unit can carry out normal back production, be tunneled at ore body lower wall in each segmentation Filling draining The Small Well, section 1m × 1m is easy to stope filling to be dehydrated.
The ore of the avalanche of stope 2 utilizes scraper, and being transported to drop shaft 10 by layered-liaison tunnel 9, slice drift 9 enters Row ore drawing.It is fresh it is distinguished and admirable by level haulage gallery 7, filling gully 14, ramp 12 and segmentation connecting taxiway 11 enter, it is segmented Gallery 8, layered-liaison tunnel 9 enter stope, and after washing away stope, dirty wind enters upper stage casing return air filling gallery from return air filling well 1 Road 6.In order to improve Stope face ventilation condition, strengthen divulging information using portable blower.
Work cycle is adopted one and is filled for one, i.e., filled immediately after one layering of back production.First layer 4 fills using crude tailings are cementing Fill out, cement mortar ratio uses 1:8.Casting resin fills well 1 and transfers to stope by return air, often uses 1 at the top of layering:4 cement bonded sand Slurry carries out top dressing 0.4m, is easy to make scraper function normal work in every layering.Second layering is filled using barren rock and tailings mixing Fill out, wherein waste stone utilization scraper is stacked to stope, barren rock 3 is stacked upwards and forms four water chestnut platform shapes.Bottom surface barren rock laying and four Week keeps the spacing of 0.5m, still uses tailing cemented filling in hillock surrounding, and connect with upper and lower, layering Cemented Filling Touch and be connected.Ensure that three intermediate layers of layering of each segmentation are the cementing mixed filling layer of barren rock and tailings, stope top point Layer is tailing cemented filling layer to realize connecing top.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of barren rock and it is cementing layering wedging mining with stowing technique, including use upward horizontal slice cut and fill method, It is characterized in that:
Step 1:Determine structural parameters, by nugget capwise arrangement, nugget height is consistent with miding level height, along ore body(15) Move towards direction and carry out the mode of one stop panel to advance, the not shrink stone studding in exploitation process works as ore body(15)Stability compared with During difference, using concrete casting partition wall, to isolate ore body(15)And casting resin;
Step 2:Mining preparation work is carried out, mining preparation work mainly includes stage haulage way(7), slice drift(8)And segmentation ore removal Gallery, segmentation and layered-liaison tunnel(9), return air filling well, tailgate, drop shaft(10), filling gully(14), cut crosscut With cutting gallery(16)Deng;
Step 3:Cut and adopt work, predominantly undercut work, post of not keeping on file, with the gallery that undercuts as the scope of freedom is expanded to mineral building bottom Portion's gross area, forms pulling end space, and pouring forms reinforced concrete artificial bottom(5), to reduce ore losses;
Step 4:Actual mining, carries out back production and filling by 3 ~ 4m, mono- layering from bottom to top, and 3 are layered as a segmentation, ore deposit Horizontal shallow hole ore caving is used during stability difference to shallow bore hole ore caving on when stone steadiness is good, short formula drilling staging can be also used Car adopts a stoping operation for filling to improve production rock penetration performance using one, and excavation carries out filling work when highly reaching 7-8m Industry, using scraper ore removal, the orebody mining poor for ore steadiness, when exposed area is big, it should be noted that using anchor pole or The controlling measurements such as long cable supporting ground pressure;
Step 5:Stope filling, the first layer of each segmentation and the 3rd is respectively adopted tailing cemented filling, and middle the Two layerings use barren rock(3)Interval mixed filling, casting resin fills well by return air(1)Blanking to stope, the second layering it is useless Stone(3)Filling uses scraper by barren rock(3)It is transported to stope.
2. the barren rock according to right 1 and it is cementing layering wedging mining with stowing technique, it is characterised in that:Described upward horizon The ore body of stratified filling method exploitation should be thick big inclination and inclined orebody, be arranged using nugget capwise, and back production width takes 8- 10m。
3. the barren rock according to right 1 and it is cementing layering wedging mining with stowing technique, it is characterised in that:Described barren rock(3) Four water chestnut platform shapes, bottom ore body, the distance of country rock holding 0.5m respectively with both sides are formed when being filled in stacking.
4. the barren rock according to right 1 and it is cementing layering wedging mining with stowing technique, it is characterised in that:The hillock for being formed Body is stacked with 40 ~ 45 natural repose angle, stacks height 4m, and upper surface is paved, barren rock(3)The surrounding of heap body uses tail Sand consolidated fill, and the reserved 0.4m in upper surface or so top dressing is ensureing higher slice operation.
5. a kind of barren rock and it is cementing layering wedging mining with stowing structure, including return air filling well(1)Positioned at stope mining working face (2)Top, casting resin can fill well by return air(1)It is transported to stope(2), reinforced concrete artificial bottom(5)Positioned at ore deposit Room bottom, each section of ore body(15)Exploitation, should have cutting gallery(16)And layered-liaison tunnel(9)Layered-liaison tunnel and each layer Stope is connected, the layered-liaison tunnel of two sections stope(9)By filling draining The Small Well(13)Connection, cuts gallery(16)With point Layer connecting taxiway(9)Converge to slice drift(8), it is segmented connecting taxiway(11)Connection segment gallery(8), drop shaft(10)Pass through from top to bottom Wear segmentation connecting taxiway(11), adopt quasi- ramp(12)With segmentation connecting taxiway(11)Tail end is ganged up, it is characterised in that:The most bottom of stope Lower leaf uses tailing cemented filling, and intermediate hierarchical starts interval carries out barren rock(3)Stack mixed filling, i.e. cemented fill (4)And barren rock(3)Stack mixed filling to be spaced apart in intermediate hierarchical, stope is topmost layered as tailing cemented filling.
6. the barren rock according to right 5 and it is cementing layering wedging mining with stowing structure, it is characterised in that:Tailing cemented filling layer Stacking mixed filling layer with barren rock has same thickness.
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CN110005465A (en) * 2019-03-25 2019-07-12 安徽开发矿业有限公司 A kind of deads tailings collaboration consolidated fill method
CN110359912A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-10-22 长沙矿山研究院有限责任公司 A kind of slicing and filling mining methods of the unsteady peak abutment of exploitated ore country rock
CN110388210A (en) * 2019-08-19 2019-10-29 中钢集团马鞍山矿山研究院有限公司 Stope structure arrangement suitable for the exploitation of gently inclined medium thick orebody combined section
CN110500132A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-11-26 中南大学 A kind of upstriker barnyard afterwards barren rock consolidated fill method
CN110905579A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-03-24 江西理工大学 Ventilation structure and ventilation method for downward layered cemented filling stope
CN111042817A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-21 长沙矿山研究院有限责任公司 Partition cemented prop wall-cutting filling mining method
CN111322109A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-06-23 锡林郭勒盟山金阿尔哈达矿业有限公司 Waste stone and tailing synergistic cemented filling method
CN111894592A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-11-06 长沙矿山研究院有限责任公司 Wall column type upward horizontal layered filling mining method

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CN108756885A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-11-06 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of high-dipping ore block that ore-rock is smashed to pieces it is lower to or on to consolidated fill mechanized mining method
CN110005465A (en) * 2019-03-25 2019-07-12 安徽开发矿业有限公司 A kind of deads tailings collaboration consolidated fill method
CN110359912A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-10-22 长沙矿山研究院有限责任公司 A kind of slicing and filling mining methods of the unsteady peak abutment of exploitated ore country rock
CN110500132A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-11-26 中南大学 A kind of upstriker barnyard afterwards barren rock consolidated fill method
CN110359912B (en) * 2019-07-23 2021-10-15 长沙矿山研究院有限责任公司 Layered filling mining method for mining triangular ore with unstable ore surrounding rocks
CN110500132B (en) * 2019-07-23 2020-05-22 中南大学 Upward-moving type empty-field subsequent waste rock cementing filling method
CN110388210A (en) * 2019-08-19 2019-10-29 中钢集团马鞍山矿山研究院有限公司 Stope structure arrangement suitable for the exploitation of gently inclined medium thick orebody combined section
CN110388210B (en) * 2019-08-19 2021-03-09 中钢集团马鞍山矿山研究总院股份有限公司 Stope structure arrangement mode suitable for combined sectional mining of slowly-inclined medium-thickness ore body
CN110905579A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-03-24 江西理工大学 Ventilation structure and ventilation method for downward layered cemented filling stope
CN111042817A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-21 长沙矿山研究院有限责任公司 Partition cemented prop wall-cutting filling mining method
CN111322109A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-06-23 锡林郭勒盟山金阿尔哈达矿业有限公司 Waste stone and tailing synergistic cemented filling method
CN111894592A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-11-06 长沙矿山研究院有限责任公司 Wall column type upward horizontal layered filling mining method

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