CN106866055A - A kind of composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material - Google Patents

A kind of composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106866055A
CN106866055A CN201710181274.9A CN201710181274A CN106866055A CN 106866055 A CN106866055 A CN 106866055A CN 201710181274 A CN201710181274 A CN 201710181274A CN 106866055 A CN106866055 A CN 106866055A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
insulation material
thermal insulation
composite heat
insulatant thermal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710181274.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张枫
曹宝华
司洪庆
冯志学
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hebei Shengda Energy-Saving Building Materials Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hebei Shengda Energy-Saving Building Materials Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hebei Shengda Energy-Saving Building Materials Co Ltd filed Critical Hebei Shengda Energy-Saving Building Materials Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710181274.9A priority Critical patent/CN106866055A/en
Publication of CN106866055A publication Critical patent/CN106866055A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B40/00Processes, in general, for influencing or modifying the properties of mortars, concrete or artificial stone compositions, e.g. their setting or hardening ability
    • C04B40/0028Aspects relating to the mixing step of the mortar preparation
    • C04B40/0039Premixtures of ingredients
    • C04B40/0046Premixtures of ingredients characterised by their processing, e.g. sequence of mixing the ingredients when preparing the premixtures
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2103/00Function or property of ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B2103/44Thickening, gelling or viscosity increasing agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2103/00Function or property of ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B2103/46Water-loss or fluid-loss reducers, hygroscopic or hydrophilic agents, water retention agents
    • C04B2103/465Water-sorbing agents, hygroscopic or hydrophilic agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00482Coating or impregnation materials

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material, the insulation material is made up of solid material and thickening water-loss reducer, wherein, the ratio of weight and number composition of solid material is:28 parts of the short silk of lead silicate fiber, 12 parts of the short silk of basalt fibre, 4 parts of basalt fibre powder, 6 parts of floating bead, 13 parts of crushed crude pearlite, 9 parts, No. 425 20 parts of cement of sodium oxide molybdena.Not only heat preservation and insulation is excellent for composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material disclosed by the invention, nonpoisonous and tasteless, pollution-free, non-stimulated, and can be added water with A grades of non-ignitable fire protecting performance, during construction and be tuned into paste and be applied directly to building surface, simple and easy to do.

Description

A kind of composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of heat-insulating heat-preserving material, relate in particular to one kind and can be used for building inner-outer wall, roof, guarantor The heat-insulating heat-preserving material of warm pipeline, insulation heat power equipment.
Background technology
With the fast development of domestic economy, compatriots' living standard is also to climb up and up, and a very prominent performance is just It is flourishing for domestic construction industry, increasing people is moved into high buildings and large mansions from ranch house.For relaxing for living Suitable, and also to energy saving, the exterior wall of skyscraper is generally all with insulation material.Although the insulation material commonly used at present It is varied, but generally existing fire-protection rating is poor, difficulty of construction is big, cementitiousness is poor, is easily separated from, and Wind-Pressure Resistance, shock resistance The defects such as ability.Therefore, developing a kind of insulation material of excellent performance has particularly important meaning.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material, the material excellent combination property overcomes existing The deficiency of heat-insulating heat-preserving material.
To achieve these goals, following technical scheme is inventor provided.
A kind of composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material, is made up of solid material and thickening water-loss reducer, wherein, the weight portion of solid material Number is than composition:28 parts of the short silk of lead silicate fiber, 12 parts of the short silk of basalt fibre, 4 parts of basalt fibre powder, 6 parts of floating bead, pearl 13 parts of rock dust, 9 parts, No. 425 20 parts of cement of sodium oxide molybdena;Thickening water-loss reducer therein is prepared from by inventor oneself, preparation side The operating procedure of method includes:
A. in terms of parts by weight, weigh respectively 30 parts acrylic acid, 4.5 parts of sodium hydrogensulfite, 4.5 parts of NaOH, 0.06 part of ammonium persulfate, 10 parts of starch, 50.94 parts of deionized water, it is standby;
B. appropriate amount of deionized water is added to be configured to the sodium hydroxide solution that concentration is 15% in NaOH, it is standby;
C. to deionized water is added in reactor, sodium hydrogensulfite is added, is stirred, propylene is added after being heated to 65 DEG C Acid, ammonium persulfate, are subsequently adding starch, and 65 DEG C of stirring 3h of temperature control add sodium hydroxide solution, obtain colorless viscous paste Thing;
D. paste is placed in and is dried under the conditions of 60 DEG C 15-20 minutes, gained solids is crushed, cross 80 mesh sieves.
Above-mentioned composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material, the amount of the thickening water-loss reducer is the 0.05% of solid material gross weight.
Above-mentioned composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material, the length of the short silk of lead silicate fiber is 9-12mm.
Above-mentioned composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material, the length of the short silk of basalt fibre is 9-12mm.
Above-mentioned composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material, the particle diameter of the basalt fibre powder is 60-100 mesh, preferably 80 mesh.
Above-mentioned composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material, the particle diameter of the crushed crude pearlite is 2.8-3.2mm, preferably 3mm.
When the floating bead used in composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material provided by the present invention refers to coal dust firing in thermal power plant boiler, Clayey material melts spin at a high speed in the stove into microlayer model under the hot air acting of turbulent flow, the perfectly round sial spheroid of formation.
Composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material of the invention adds suitable quantity of water to be directly applied to external and internal wall surface by stirring into paste Or on cool-bag wall, according to the demand of heat-insulation and heat-preservation, multilayer can smear several times, the thickness of every layer of smearing is desirably no more than 30mm, can smear next layer after every layer of solidification.
For example the building of Beijing areas to the south uses composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material provided by the present invention, smears 3-5cm Heat-insulation and heat-preservation requirement is can reach, is smeared at twice during construction, smeared next layer is smeared by after surface solidification every time.
Composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material provided by the present invention has advantages below:
1. heat preservation and insulation is good, can fully meet the insulation requirement of building.
2. reasonable raw material proportioning, has given full play to the heat-insulating property of various raw materials, and finished product thermal conductivity factor is low, dry density Small, cohesive force reaches by force 3-5KN, non-aging.
3. have good workability, can site operation, seamless do not ftracture, do not fall off, and plasticity is strong, can be made into paste, smear in Surface of wall, it is also pourable or be made insulation wrapper sheet etc..
4. it is nonpoisonous and tasteless, it is pollution-free, it is non-stimulated, do not corrode, anti-folding waterproof.
5. there is A grades of non-ignitable fire protecting performance, Product Safety and fire-fighting demand has been fully ensured that.
6. can be with the building same life-span.
Specific embodiment
Content of the present invention is further described in detail with reference to specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1 thickens the preparation of water-loss reducer
30g acrylic acid, 4.5g sodium hydrogensulfites, 4.5g NaOH, 0.06g ammonium persulfates, 10g starch, 50.94g is weighed to go Ionized water.
NaOH plus appropriate amount of deionized water are configured to the sodium hydroxide solution that concentration is 15%.
To deionized water is added in reactor, sodium hydrogensulfite is added, stirred, propylene is added after being heated to 65 DEG C Acid, ammonium persulfate, are subsequently adding starch, and 65 DEG C of stirring 3h of temperature control add sodium hydroxide solution, obtain colorless viscous paste Thing;
Dried 15 minutes under the conditions of paste is placed in into 60 DEG C, obtain anhydrous solid thing, crushed, crossed 80 mesh sieves and obtain final product thickening water conservation Agent.
The preparation of the composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material of embodiment 2
Weigh the short silk 12kg of short silk 28kg, 9mm basalt fibre of 9mm lead silicate fiber, 60 mesh basalt fibre powder 4kg, floating bead 6kg, 2.8mm crushed crude pearlite 13kg, sodium oxide molybdena 9kg, No. 425 cement 20kg.
Weigh 0.046kg thickening water-loss reducers.
It is well mixed during all materials are put into mixer, uniform metering is packed.
The preparation of the composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material of embodiment 3
Weigh the short silk 12kg of short silk 28kg, 12mm basalt fibre of 12mm lead silicate fiber, 100 mesh basalt fibre powder 4kg, drift Pearl 6kg, 3.2mm crushed crude pearlite 13kg, sodium oxide molybdena 9kg, No. 425 cement 20kg.
Weigh 0.046kg thickening water-loss reducers.
It is well mixed during all materials are put into mixer, uniform metering is packed.
The preparation of the composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material of embodiment 4
Weigh the short silk 12kg of short silk 28kg, 9mm basalt fibre of 9mm lead silicate fiber, 80 mesh basalt fibre powder 4kg, floating bead 6kg, 3mm crushed crude pearlite 13kg, sodium oxide molybdena 9kg, No. 425 cement 20kg.
Weigh 0.046kg thickening water-loss reducers.
It is well mixed during all materials are put into mixer, uniform metering is packed.
Embodiment 5
The composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material that embodiment 2, embodiment 3, embodiment 4 are prepared is added water respectively and is tuned into paste, respectively Insulation tank wall is applied to, heat insulation effect is tested after solidification, disclosure satisfy that thermal requirements.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material, it is characterised in that be made up of solid material and thickening water-loss reducer, the solid material Ratio of weight and number composition be:28 parts of the short silk of lead silicate fiber, 12 parts of the short silk of basalt fibre, 4 parts of basalt fibre powder, floating bead 6 parts, 13 parts of crushed crude pearlite, 9 parts, No. 425 20 parts of cement of sodium oxide molybdena;
The preparation method of the thickening water-loss reducer includes step:
A. in terms of parts by weight, weigh respectively 30 parts acrylic acid, 4.5 parts of sodium hydrogensulfite, 4.5 parts of NaOH, 0.06 part of ammonium persulfate, 10 parts of starch, 50.94 parts of deionized water, it is standby;
B. appropriate amount of deionized water is added to be configured to the sodium hydroxide solution that concentration is 15% in NaOH, it is standby;
C. to deionized water is added in reactor, sodium hydrogensulfite is added, is stirred, propylene is added after being heated to 65 DEG C Acid, ammonium persulfate, are subsequently adding starch, and 65 DEG C of stirring 3h of temperature control add sodium hydroxide solution, obtain colorless viscous paste Thing;
D. paste is placed in and is dried under the conditions of 60 DEG C 15-20 minutes, gained solids is crushed, cross 80 mesh sieves.
2. composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the amount of the thickening water-loss reducer is solid The 0.05% of raw material gross weight.
3. composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the length of the short silk of lead silicate fiber It is 9-12mm.
4. composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the length of the short silk of basalt fibre It is 9-12mm.
5. composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the particle diameter of the basalt fibre powder is 60-100 mesh.
6. composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the particle diameter of the crushed crude pearlite is 2.8- 3.2mm。
7. composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the particle diameter of the basalt fibre powder is 80 mesh.
8. composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the particle diameter of the crushed crude pearlite is 3mm.
CN201710181274.9A 2017-03-24 2017-03-24 A kind of composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material Pending CN106866055A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710181274.9A CN106866055A (en) 2017-03-24 2017-03-24 A kind of composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710181274.9A CN106866055A (en) 2017-03-24 2017-03-24 A kind of composite heat insulatant thermal insulation material

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106866055A true CN106866055A (en) 2017-06-20

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108358665A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-08-03 合肥天沃能源科技有限公司 A kind of light wall thermal insulating material and preparation method thereof
CN113045264A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-06-29 浙江汇安工程质量检测有限公司 Multifunctional environment-friendly mortar for optimizing modification of basalt admixture system and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1219519A (en) * 1998-10-29 1999-06-16 陈占魁 Composite thermal insulating material
CN1528701A (en) * 2003-10-16 2004-09-15 尉卫祖 Composite theremal-preserving heat-insulating material
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CN1528701A (en) * 2003-10-16 2004-09-15 尉卫祖 Composite theremal-preserving heat-insulating material
CN102060959A (en) * 2010-12-03 2011-05-18 中国科学院长春应用化学研究所 Method for preparing polyacrylic acid water-retaining agent
CN102363641A (en) * 2011-10-09 2012-02-29 常熟市威腾进出口有限公司 Preparation method of starch maize modified sodium polyacrylate composite material
CN105621973A (en) * 2014-11-05 2016-06-01 王刚 High-performance wall insulation material
CN104402511A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-03-11 太仓顺如成建筑材料有限公司 Composite wall of fiber cement board
CN105948570A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-09-21 苏州能华节能环保科技有限公司 Energy-saving and environmentally friendly insulation material and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108358665A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-08-03 合肥天沃能源科技有限公司 A kind of light wall thermal insulating material and preparation method thereof
CN113045264A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-06-29 浙江汇安工程质量检测有限公司 Multifunctional environment-friendly mortar for optimizing modification of basalt admixture system and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20170620