CN106858189A - A kind of Eriocheir sinensis feed for nursing and its preparation and feeding method - Google Patents

A kind of Eriocheir sinensis feed for nursing and its preparation and feeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106858189A
CN106858189A CN201710250699.0A CN201710250699A CN106858189A CN 106858189 A CN106858189 A CN 106858189A CN 201710250699 A CN201710250699 A CN 201710250699A CN 106858189 A CN106858189 A CN 106858189A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feed
eriocheir sinensis
formula
nursing
feeding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710250699.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜富宽
陈如国
文执信
徐钢春
徐跑
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Jiangsu Red Cream Steamed Crab Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Red Cream Steamed Crab Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Red Cream Steamed Crab Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Red Cream Steamed Crab Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710250699.0A priority Critical patent/CN106858189A/en
Publication of CN106858189A publication Critical patent/CN106858189A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of Eriocheir sinensis feed for nursing and preparation and feeding method, and the feed includes fish meal, shrimp med, dregs of beans, expanded soybean, peanut meal, soyabean lecithin oil, squid liver paste, fish oil, skin chaff, wheat fine powder, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, crab premix, glycine betaine, Choline Chloride, adhesive, mould inhibitor, shelling element, oyster shell whiting, skeletal grain, zeolite powder and chitosan and each component mass percent.Feed the feed more than 4 weeks, Eriocheir sinensis blood plasma immune indexes can be significantly improved, vibrio parahaemolytious resistance is improved more than 20.0%, the speed of growth improves 5.0% 15.0%.The invention is started with from the angle of enhancing Eriocheir sinensis autoimmunity, it is to avoid the use of external source medicine is food-safe and risk of environmental pollution, and recipe ingredient is readily available, and cost is relatively low, meets the requirement of environment protection health new feedstuff.

Description

A kind of Eriocheir sinensis feed for nursing and its preparation and feeding method
Technical field
The invention belongs to Aquatic Feed Processing production technical field, it is related to a kind of enhancing Eriocheir sinensis immunity and raising The feed formulation and feeding method of its growth performance.
Background technology
In occupation of highly important status in culture fishery, and Eriocheir sinensis is important in shell-fish to shell-fish Breed variety.In recent years, with cultivation scale continuous expansion, its disease occur increasingly frequently, especially virus, bacterium, very The communicable disease that the microorganisms such as bacterium cause, causes huge economic loss every year, seriously hampers Eriocheir sinensis industry Development.
In order to prevent and treat the communicable disease of crustacean, although using various antiseptics still by as current main right Plan, but, due to the formation of drug resistance pathogen, the aspect such as public health problem such as environmental pollution and foodsafety is examined Consider, the use of the antimicrobial in culture fishery such as antibiotic oneself receive strict limitation.Therefore, develop in a kind of raising Magnificent Eriocheir autoimmunity and the method for not influenceing its growth, are to solve the particularly important way of Eriocheir sinensis illness outbreak Footpath.
The content of the invention
The present invention takes place frequently for Eriocheir sinensis disease, and the food security that causes of various antibiotic medicines and environmental pollution Problem, from enhancing Eriocheir sinensis autoimmunity and promote its growing nutrient material start with, there is provided a kind of Eriocheir sinensis Feed for nursing and its feeding method.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of Eriocheir sinensis feed for nursing, including fish meal, shrimp med, dregs of beans, expanded soybean, peanut meal, soyabean lecithin oil, Squid liver paste, fish oil, skin chaff, wheat fine powder, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, crab premix, glycine betaine, Choline Chloride, adhesive, mould inhibitor, Shelling element, oyster shell whiting, skeletal grain, zeolite powder and chitosan, each component mass percent is respectively in its formula:Fish meal 15.00- 30.00%th, shrimp med 2.00%-5.00%, dregs of beans 13.00%-22.00%, expanded soybean 2.00%-8.00%, peanut meal 7.00%-15.00%, soyabean lecithin oil 0.20%-1.20%, squid liver paste 0.30%-1.50%, fish oil 0.30%-1.50%, Skin chaff 1.50%-2.50%, wheat fine powder 16.00%-28.00%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.50%-2.50%, crab premix 0.30%-1.50%, glycine betaine 0.50%-1.80%, Choline Chloride 0.05%-0.25%, adhesive 0.20%-0.80%, Mould inhibitor 0.05%-0.15%, shelling element 0.05%-0.15%, oyster shell whiting 0.50%-1.80%, skeletal grain 0.30%- 1.50%th, zeolite powder 0.30%-1.50% and chitosan 0.50%-2.00%.
Its compound method comprises the steps:1. each component in feed formula is prepared by mass percentage, in formula Solid feed is then crushed and crosses 80 mesh sieves in advance;2. using consumption in formula less than 1.00% component raw material be sufficiently mixed it is rear as Small powder additive mixes with remaining component raw material in formula, then is stirred after ultramicro grinding, most afterwards through expanded pellet diet Mechanism is obtained.
Its feeding method to feed 2-3 times daily, time interval 6-8 hours, each feeding volume be crab body weight 6%~ 10%.
The present invention has the advantages that compared with prior art:
The present invention can promote Eriocheir sinensis to grow and strengthen its immunity, improve its resistance against diseases, and environmental and ecological, Meet the requirement of food security.Feed this feed 4 weeks, the immunity of Eriocheir sinensis is significantly increased, and is mainly manifested in blood plasma white Cell content significantly rises, and lactic dehydrogenase and creatine kinase vigor significantly rise, and urea nitrogen metabolic capability is significantly improved;Use Vibrio parahaemolytious attacks poison, and its survival rate relative comparison group improves more than 20.0%.Feed this feed, the growth speed of Eriocheir sinensis Degree is significantly improved, and surrounding growth experiment result shows that its speed of growth improves 5.0%-15.0%.Wrapped in feed formula of the present invention Component containing various enhancing Eriocheir sinensis immunity such as chitosan, fish oil and Choline Chloride and anti-stress ability, while bag Promote the component of growth containing squid liver paste, shelling element etc..Feed the feed more than 4 weeks, Eriocheir sinensis blood plasma can be significantly improved Immune indexes, more than 20.0% is improved by vibrio parahaemolytious resistance, and the speed of growth improves 5.0%-15.0%.The present invention is from enhancing The angle of Eriocheir sinensis autoimmunity is started with, it is to avoid the use of external source medicine is food-safe and risk of environmental pollution, and Recipe ingredient is readily available, and cost is relatively low, meets the requirement of environment protection health new feedstuff.
Brief description of the drawings
Nothing.
Specific embodiment
Technical scheme is described in further detail below by embodiment.
A kind of Eriocheir sinensis feed for nursing, including fish meal, shrimp med, dregs of beans, expanded soybean, peanut meal, soyabean lecithin oil, Squid liver paste, fish oil, skin chaff, wheat fine powder, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, crab premix, glycine betaine, Choline Chloride, adhesive, mould inhibitor, Shelling element, oyster shell whiting, skeletal grain, zeolite powder and chitosan, each component mass percent is respectively in its formula:Fish meal 28.56%th, shrimp med 3.14%, dregs of beans 17.14%, expanded soybean 4.76%, peanut meal 11.43%, soyabean lecithin oil 0.48%, Squid liver paste 0.67%, fish oil 0.67%, skin chaff 2.09%, wheat fine powder 23.80%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.90%, crab premix 0.95%th, glycine betaine 0.11%, Choline Chloride 0.19%, adhesive 0.57%, mould inhibitor 0.10%, shelling element 0.10%, shellfish Shell powder 1.43%, skeletal grain 0.95%, zeolite powder 0.95% and chitosan 1.00%.
Its compound method comprises the steps:1. each component in feed formula is prepared by above-mentioned mass percent, formula In solid feed then crush in advance and cross 80 mesh sieves;2. by soyabean lecithin oil, squid liver paste, fish oil, crab premix, glycine betaine, Choline Chloride, adhesive, mould inhibitor, shelling element, skeletal grain and zeolite powder be sufficiently mixed after as small powder additive with formula in fish Powder, shrimp med, dregs of beans, expanded soybean, peanut meal, skin chaff, wheat fine powder, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, oyster shell whiting and chitosan component are former Material mixing, then stirred after ultramicro grinding, most obtained through expanded pellet diet mechanism afterwards.
Its feeding method to feed 2-3 times daily, time interval 6-8 hours, feeding volume be crab body weight 6%~ 10%.Surrounding is persistently fed, growth data is gathered weekly, secondary haemolysis arc is infected by the way of the 3rd attached foot injection after feeding Bacterium.See using forage feed Eriocheir sinensis experimental group of the present invention and using conventional feed nursing Eriocheir sinensis control group result Table 1, vibrio parahaemolytious is a kind of strong bacterium, and certain drug is such as not used, and the death rate of infection four hours is 100%.Use Survival rate after the infection 4 hours of feed group of the present invention is 25.0%, and it is 0.0% to compare survival rate, statistical analysis display this Invention feed can significantly improve the survival rate of Eriocheir sinensis.
The vibrio parahaemolytious of table 1. attacks malicious survival rate
Eriocheir sinensis control group is fed using forage feed Eriocheir sinensis experimental group of the present invention and using conventional feed Crab body mass change is shown in Table 2, is significantly improved using the Eriocheir sinensis speed of growth of feed of the present invention, relative to control group, 4 weeks Rate of increase is 12.0%.
Table 2. feeds the changes of body mass of 4 weeks
Eriocheir sinensis control group is fed using forage feed Eriocheir sinensis experimental group of the present invention and using conventional feed Feed 4 weeks Immune Indexes situations of change and be shown in Table 3, feed Eriocheir sinensis blood plasma leucocyte content of the invention it is notable on Rise, the vigor of creatine kinase and lactic dehydrogenase significantly rises, and urea nitrogen content is significantly reduced, and illustrates the ability of metabolizing urea nitrogen Increase, on above index illustrates that product of the present invention is notable for the immunity and anti-stress ability of raising Eriocheir sinensis Rise.
Table 3. feeds 4 weeks Immune Indexes situations of change
Each component raw material can be obtained in market purchasing at home in feed formula of the present invention, squid liver paste buying in the present embodiment In Wenzhou District of Zhejiang Province Dongtou County marine resources processing factory, crab premix is purchased in Beijing Sang Pu biochemistry corporation,Ltd.s, glycine betaine Purchase in Beijing sunrise ocean Science and Technology Ltd., adhesive is purchased in Zhejiang rivers and lakes state JingBao feed addictives Co., Ltd, mould proof Agent is purchased in Wuxi Zhengda Livestock Co., Ltd, and shelling element is purchased in the second veterinary drug Co., Ltd., Factory of Nantong City, and oyster shell whiting is used Freshwater mussel shell ultramicro grinding is obtained, and zeolite powder is purchased in the prosperous ptilolite powder factory in Shandong Weifang, and chitosan is purchased in Sichuan Cheng Doute General development in science and technology Co., Ltd.
The invention is not limited in described embodiment, those skilled in the art is not departing from spirit of the invention i.e. public affairs In the range of opening, can still make some amendments or change, thus the scope that is limited with claims of the scope of the present invention as It is accurate.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of Eriocheir sinensis feed for nursing, it is characterised in that:Including fish meal, shrimp med, dregs of beans, expanded soybean, peanut meal, big Fabaceous Lecithin oil, squid liver paste, fish oil, skin chaff, wheat fine powder, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, crab premix, glycine betaine, Choline Chloride, bonding Agent, mould inhibitor, shelling element, oyster shell whiting, skeletal grain, zeolite powder and chitosan, each component mass percent is respectively in its formula: Fish meal 15.00-30.00%, shrimp med 2.00%-5.00%, dregs of beans 13.00%-22.00%, expanded soybean 2.00%- 8.00%th, peanut meal 7.00%-15.00%, soyabean lecithin oil 0.20%-1.20%, squid liver paste 0.30%-1.50%, fish oil 0.30%-1.50%, skin chaff 1.50%-2.50%, wheat fine powder 16.00%-28.00%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.50%- 2.50%th, crab premix 0.30%-1.50%, glycine betaine 0.50%-1.80%, Choline Chloride 0.05%-0.25%, adhesive 0.20%-0.80%, mould inhibitor 0.05%-0.15%, shelling element 0.05%-0.15%, oyster shell whiting 0.50%-1.80%, bone Grain 0.30%-1.50%, zeolite powder 0.30%-1.50% and chitosan 0.50%-2.00%.
2. it is a kind of configure claim 1 described in Eriocheir sinensis feed for nursing method, it is characterised in that the compound method Comprise the steps:
1. each component in feed formula is prepared by mass percentage, the solid feed in formula is then crushed and crosses 80 mesh in advance Sieve;
2. as small powder additive and remaining group in formula after the component raw material using consumption in formula less than 1.00% is sufficiently mixed Divide raw material mixing, then stirred after ultramicro grinding, most obtained through expanded pellet diet mechanism afterwards.
3. a kind of method for feeding Eriocheir sinensis feed for nursing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the side of feeding To feed 2-3 times daily, time interval 6-8 hours, each feeding volume was the 6%~10% of crab body weight to method.
CN201710250699.0A 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 A kind of Eriocheir sinensis feed for nursing and its preparation and feeding method Pending CN106858189A (en)

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CN201710250699.0A CN106858189A (en) 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 A kind of Eriocheir sinensis feed for nursing and its preparation and feeding method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106858189A true CN106858189A (en) 2017-06-20

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1817175A (en) * 2006-03-17 2006-08-16 淮安市康达饲料有限公司 Chinese crab mixed batching feed
CN102987134A (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-03-27 淮安正昌饲料有限公司 Yangtze river system eriocheir sinensis compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN104431636A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-03-25 常州海大生物饲料有限公司 Puffed demersal crucian carp mixed feed and preparation method thereof
CN105533257A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-05-04 全椒县天润生态养殖专业合作社 Feed capable of improving crab quality

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1817175A (en) * 2006-03-17 2006-08-16 淮安市康达饲料有限公司 Chinese crab mixed batching feed
CN102987134A (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-03-27 淮安正昌饲料有限公司 Yangtze river system eriocheir sinensis compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN104431636A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-03-25 常州海大生物饲料有限公司 Puffed demersal crucian carp mixed feed and preparation method thereof
CN105533257A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-05-04 全椒县天润生态养殖专业合作社 Feed capable of improving crab quality

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Application publication date: 20170620