CN106857220A - A kind of tidal type Soilless culture trough - Google Patents

A kind of tidal type Soilless culture trough Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106857220A
CN106857220A CN201710236554.5A CN201710236554A CN106857220A CN 106857220 A CN106857220 A CN 106857220A CN 201710236554 A CN201710236554 A CN 201710236554A CN 106857220 A CN106857220 A CN 106857220A
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liquid
trough
cultivation
cultivation bed
hole
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CN201710236554.5A
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卜立君
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卜立君
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Priority to CN201710236554.5A priority Critical patent/CN106857220A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of tidal type Soilless culture trough, comprising cultivation bed and cultivation groove lid, and the first trough and the second trough.Isolation mesh sheet is provided with cultivation bed, isolation mesh sheet upper berth sets non-woven fabrics, and cultivation bed is divided into top filling cultivation matrix, isolation mesh sheet cultivation matrix and cavity two parts up and down;First trough is provided with spillway hole, fluid level controller and hole for back flow, and fluid level controller is connected with spillway hole and overflow pipe, and liquid back pipe is connected on hole for back flow;Second trough is liquid feeding end, is cultivation bed feed flow by liquid-supplying system;Every the overflow pipe of cultivation bed is connected with spilling water house steward, and liquid back pipe is connected with liquid house steward is returned;Spilling water house steward and time liquid house steward connect liquid return tank;Liquid return tank is sequentially connected sterilizing and bacterial system and treatment liquid pool again;Cultivation bed connects liquid-supplying system, and liquid-supplying system is connected with nutrition liquid pool and treatment liquid pool.The tidal type Soilless culture trough that the present invention is provided, simple structure can be used for the extensive soilless culture production of solanaceous vegetables etc..

Description

A kind of tidal type Soilless culture trough
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of culture apparatus in cultivation technique without soil field, in particular it relates to a kind of tidal type is planted without soil Training groove.
Background technology
Soilless culture is a kind of new cultivation technique, mainly based on substrate culture.In existing substrate culture, due to The reason for aspects such as working condition, cultivation management technology, such as flatness in production scene place, the quality problems of irrigation equipment or The factors such as blockage problem, the managerial skills of cultivation technique personnel of drip irrigation equipment, it is inconsistent to often result in soilless culture irrigation volume, Each culture apparatus mesostroma dry and wet is uneven, and the bad management of rich water, the influence to plant growth is very big.Even if some devices are provided with excessive Water hole, but overflow liquid manure position can raw green paint, and cause the serious waste of liquid manure.Asked to solve soilless culture water and fertilizer management Topic, the present invention uses tidal type way of supplying water, is all of well-off liquid manure of cultivation apparatus without soil in cultivation system, irrigates After finishing, unnecessary liquid manure is recycled to return liquid system by Action of Gravity Field, and whole system uses closed system, saves liquid manure.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of cultivation bed for soilless culture, water and fertilizer irrigation during soilless culture is solved The limited problem of uneven, plant growth.
In order to achieve the above object, the invention provides a kind of tidal type Soilless culture trough, comprising cultivation bed and cultivation bed Lid, and first trough and the second trough at cultivation bed two ends are arranged on, wherein, the cultivation bed is also comprising overflow pipe, time liquid Pipe, spilling water house steward, time liquid house steward, liquid return tank, sterilizing and bacterial system, treatment liquid pool, nutrition liquid pool and liquid-supplying system;The cultivation Isolation mesh sheet is provided with training groove, isolation mesh sheet upper berth sets non-woven fabrics, and cultivation matrix is filled above isolation mesh sheet, isolates mesh sheet Cultivation bed is divided into cultivation matrix and cavity two parts up and down;First trough is provided with spillway hole, fluid level controller and returns Fluid apertures, fluid level controller is connected with spillway hole, and overflow pipe is also connected with fluid level controller, and liquid back pipe is connected on hole for back flow;Every The overflow pipe of cultivation bed is connected with spilling water house steward, and liquid back pipe is connected with liquid house steward is returned, and returns the electricity that liquid house steward is provided with independent control Magnet valve;Spilling water house steward and time liquid house steward connect liquid return tank;Liquid return tank is sequentially connected sterilizing and bacterial system and treatment liquid pool again;Institute Cultivation bed connection liquid-supplying system is stated, liquid-supplying system is connected respectively with nutrition liquid pool and treatment liquid pool.That is, liquid house steward is returned by recovered liquid Liquid return tank is directed at, to treatment liquid pool, cultivation bed connects liquid-supplying system, liquid-supplying system for storage after the sterilized disinfection system treatment of recovered liquid It is cultivation bed feed flow by nutrition liquid pool or treatment liquid pool.
Above-mentioned tidal type Soilless culture trough, wherein, the cultivation matrix is horticulture ground substance or coconut palm chaff etc..
Above-mentioned tidal type Soilless culture trough, wherein, the cultivation bed and cultivation groove lid, the first trough, the second trough are equal It is made of insulation material, such as insulating plastic pipe or high-density foam, keeps root system of plant temperature relative constancy.
Above-mentioned tidal type Soilless culture trough, wherein, the cultivation bed is covered and is provided with field planting hole, fixed in the field planting hole Plant plant.
Above-mentioned tidal type Soilless culture trough, wherein, groove is provided with downwards along upper table in the cultivation bed, set in groove There is isolation mesh sheet, the section of groove is divided into cultivation matrix and the upper and lower two parts of cavity;The section of the first trough and the second trough Shape size is identical with cultivation bed, but is not provided with isolating mesh sheet, and the first trough and the second trough are connected with cultivation bed inside;First Trough side wall is provided with spillway hole and hole for back flow, and spillway hole connection fluid level controller and overflow pipe reconnect spilling water house steward, and lead to To liquid return tank;Hole for back flow is connected with liquid back pipe, reconnects back liquid house steward, and leads to liquid return tank, returns liquid house steward and is provided with individually control The magnetic valve of system.
Above-mentioned tidal type Soilless culture trough, wherein, the fluid level controller, comprising plastic tube, plastic bushing and overflow Water is stitched;Plastic bushing is nested with outside plastic tube and can be moved along plastic tube, and the length of plastic bushing is the 1/2 of plastic tube;Overflow Water seam is arranged on the top of plastic tube, 1/2 of length less than or equal to plastic tube.Adjusted by the height of mobile plastic bushing The length that spilling water seam exposes, so as to adjust the height of liquid level.
Above-mentioned tidal type Soilless culture trough, wherein, the fluid level controller, its spilling water seam bottom height be higher than every Off-network piece, less than isolation mesh sheet, after liquid-supplying system feed flow terminates, unnecessary nutrient solution is back to liquid return tank to the height of hole for back flow, There can be certain nutrient solution to accumulate with the cavity of cultivation trench bottom below hole for back flow height, beneficial to cultivation matrix moisturizing, every To having air layer between the position of hole for back flow height, the root system of plant for being penetrated into cultivation bed bottom can absorb water to off-network piece Point, nutrient and oxygen.
Above-mentioned tidal type Soilless culture trough, wherein, the liquid-supplying system connects nutrition liquid pool and treatment liquid pool, feed flow system System is also connected with the second trough, is cultivation bed feed flow, i.e. the second trough is liquid feeding end, is cultivation bed feed flow by liquid-supplying system;For Feed pipe is included in liquid system, by it persistently in nutrient solution to cultivation bed, during feed flow, unnecessary nutrient solution is from spilling water Overflowed in hole and fluid level controller, be back to liquid return tank;After cultivation matrix is filled nutrient solution, the magnetic valve returned on liquid house steward is opened, Unnecessary nutrient solution flows out from hole for back flow and liquid back pipe, is back to liquid return tank.
Above-mentioned tidal type Soilless culture trough, wherein, the hole for back flow connects liquid back pipe, reconnects back liquid house steward;Need When excluding the nutrient solution in cultivation bed, the magnetic valve returned on liquid house steward is opened, and nutrient solution is back to liquid return tank in cultivation bed, realizes battalion Nutrient solution is recycled.
Above-mentioned tidal type Soilless culture trough, wherein, it is provided with disinfection system between the liquid return tank and treatment liquid pool System, recycling after the sterilization that carried out disinfection to the recovered liquid in liquid return tank, it is to avoid germ is propagated by nutrient solution.
The tidal type Soilless culture trough that the present invention is provided has advantages below:
The apparatus structure is simple, and cultivation bed and cultivation groove lid, the first trough, the second trough are from insulation material, it is ensured that The temperature stabilization of cultivation matrix;The cultivation bed is additionally provided with isolation mesh sheet, fluid level controller, hole for back flow, it is ensured that the sufficient confession of liquid manure And bulk water can should be flowed back so that root system of plant is in the control environment of solid, liquid, gas three-phase equilibrium, plant grew well;It is whole Individual cultivation system is utilized by carried out disinfection to the recovered liquid in recovery pond sterilized Posterior circle of sterilizing and bacterial system, it is to avoid germ is led to Overnutrition liquid is propagated;Cultivation bed can be used for the extensive soilless culture production of melon-fruit-like vegetable etc..
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic cross-section of tidal type Soilless culture trough of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the outer shape schematic diagram of tidal type Soilless culture trough of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the fluid level controller schematic diagram of tidal type Soilless culture trough of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the system schematic of tidal type Soilless culture trough of the invention.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiment of the invention is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in figure 1, the tidal type Soilless culture trough that the present invention is provided, comprising cultivation bed 1 and cultivation groove lid 2, Yi Jishe The first trough 3 and the second trough 4 at the two ends of cultivation bed 1 are put, the device also includes overflow pipe 16, liquid back pipe 10, spilling water house steward 41st, liquid house steward 42, liquid return tank 11, sterilizing and bacterial system 12, treatment liquid pool 13, nutrition liquid pool 14 and liquid-supplying system 51 are returned.
Cultivation bed 1 and cultivation groove lid 2, the first trough 3, the second trough 4 are made of insulation material, such as insulating plastic pipe or High-density foam etc., keeps root system of plant temperature relative constancy.Field planting hole 15 is provided with cultivation groove lid 2, it is fixed in field planting hole 15 Plant plant 9.
The outer shape of cultivation bed 1 is preferably cuboid, and groove is provided with downwards from upper table, thereon culture underglass groove lid 2.Groove Isolation mesh sheet 7 is provided with ditch, non-woven fabrics is laid in isolation mesh sheet 7, in the top filling cultivation matrix 8 of isolation mesh sheet 7.Isolation mesh sheet Cultivation bed is divided into cultivation matrix 8 and the two parts of cavity 17 by 7 about 1, cultivation matrix 8 is preferably horticulture ground substance or coconut palm chaff etc..
As shown in Fig. 2 the first trough 3 and the second trough 4 are arranged on the both sides of cultivation bed 1 and are connected with the inside of cultivation bed 1, the The cross sectional shape size of one trough 3 and the second trough 4 is identical with cultivation bed 1, but is not provided with isolating mesh sheet 7.
The side wall of first trough 3 is provided with spillway hole 5 and hole for back flow 6, spillway hole 5 connection fluid level controller 19 and overflow pipe 16, liquid back pipe 10 is connected on hole for back flow 6;Every the overflow pipe of cultivation bed 1 16 is connected with spilling water house steward 41, liquid back pipe 10 and return liquid House steward 42 is connected, and returns the magnetic valve 20 that liquid house steward 42 is provided with independent control;Spilling water house steward 41 and time liquid house steward 42 connect back to Liquid pool 11;Liquid return tank 11 is sequentially connected sterilizing and bacterial system 12 and treatment liquid pool 13 again.It is shown in Figure 4.
As shown in figure 3, fluid level controller 19 includes plastic tube 71, plastic bushing 72 and spilling water seam 73;Plastic bushing 72 It is nested with outer in plastic tube 71 and can be moved along plastic tube 71, the length of plastic bushing 72 is the 1/2 of plastic tube 71;Spilling water seam 73 It is arranged on the top of plastic tube 71,1/2 of length less than or equal to plastic tube 71.Plastic tube 71 and spillway hole 5 and overflow pipe 16 Connection, spilling water is adjusted by the height of mobile plastic bushing 72 and stitches 73 length exposed, so as to adjust the height of liquid level.
The spilling water of fluid level controller 19 stitches the height of 73 bottoms higher than isolation mesh sheet 7, and the height of hole for back flow 6 is less than isolation Mesh sheet 7, after the feed flow of liquid-supplying system 51 terminates, unnecessary nutrient solution is back to liquid return tank 11, with cultivation bed below the height of hole for back flow 6 There can be certain nutrient solution to accumulate in the cavity 17 of 1 bottom, beneficial to the moisturizing of cultivation matrix 8, isolation mesh sheet 7 is high to hole for back flow 6 There is air layer, the root system of plant for being penetrated into the bottom of cultivation bed 1 can absorb moisture, nutrient and oxygen between the position of degree.
Cultivation bed 1 connects liquid-supplying system 51, the connection nutrition of liquid-supplying system 51 liquid pool 14 and treatment liquid pool 13, by nutrition liquid pool 14 process liquid pool 13 for the feed flow of cultivation bed 1.Liquid-supplying system 51 connects the second trough 4, is the feed flow of cultivation bed 1, i.e. the second trough 4 It is liquid feeding end, is the feed flow of cultivation bed 1 by liquid-supplying system 51;Feed pipe 18 is included in liquid-supplying system 51, it is lasting for battalion by it In nutrient solution to cultivation bed 1, during feed flow, unnecessary nutrient solution overflows from spillway hole 5 and fluid level controller 19, is back to back liquid Pond 11;After cultivation matrix 8 is filled nutrient solution, the magnetic valve 20 returned on liquid house steward 42 is opened, and unnecessary nutrient solution is from the He of hole for back flow 6 Liquid back pipe 10 flows out, and is back to liquid return tank 11.
Hole for back flow 6 connects liquid back pipe 10, reconnects back liquid house steward 42;When needing to exclude the nutrient solution in cultivation bed 1, liquid is returned Magnetic valve 20 on house steward 42 is opened, and nutrient solution is back to liquid return tank 11 in cultivation bed 1, realizes recycling for nutrient solution.
Sterilizing and bacterial system 12 is provided between liquid return tank 11 and treatment liquid pool 13, the recovered liquid in liquid return tank 11 is carried out Recycling after disinfection, it is to avoid germ is propagated by nutrient solution.
The tidal type Soilless culture trough that the present invention is provided is further described with reference to embodiment.
Embodiment 1
A kind of tidal type Soilless culture trough, comprising cultivation bed 1, the first trough 3, the second trough 4 and cultivation groove lid 2, cultivation Groove 1 and cultivation groove lid 2 use high-density foam material, with insulation effect, keep root system of plant temperature to stablize relatively.
The outer shape of cultivation bed 1 is preferably cuboid, is provided with " V " shape groove downwards from upper table, thereon culture underglass groove Lid 2.Isolation mesh sheet 7 is provided with groove, non-woven fabrics is laid in isolation mesh sheet 7, in isolation mesh sheet 7 top filling horticulture ground substance or coconut palm Cultivation bed is divided into 17 two parts of cultivation matrix 8 and cavity by the cultivation matrixes such as chaff 8, isolation mesh sheet 7 about 1;In cultivation groove lid 2 Field planting hole 15 is provided with, plant 9 is colonized in field planting hole 15.First trough 3 and the second trough 4 be arranged on the both sides of cultivation bed 1 and with The cross sectional shape size of the connection of the inside of cultivation bed 1, the first trough 3 and the second trough 4 is identical with cultivation bed 1, but is not provided with isolation Mesh sheet 7.The side wall of the first trough 3 is provided with spillway hole 5 and hole for back flow 6, and spillway hole 5 connects fluid level controller 19 and overflow pipe 16, And be connected on spilling water house steward 41, the nutrient solution of spilling is directed back in liquid return tank 11;Hole for back flow 6 is connected on liquid back pipe 10, Liquid back pipe 10 is connected to back on liquid house steward 42, and is controlled by single magnetic valve 20.Return liquid house steward 42 and recovered liquid is directed at back liquid Pond 11, storage connects liquid-supplying system 51, feed flow system to liquid pool 13, cultivation bed 1 is processed after the sterilized disinfection system 12 of recovered liquid is processed System 51 is the feed flow of cultivation bed 1 by nutrition liquid pool 14 or treatment liquid pool 13, and liquid-supplying system 51 connects the second trough 4, is that cultivation bed 1 is supplied Liquid, i.e., the second trough 4 is liquid feeding end, is the feed flow of cultivation bed 1 by liquid-supplying system 51.Fluid level controller 19 comprising plastic tube 71, Plastic bushing 72 and spilling water seam 73;Plastic bushing 72 is nested with outer in plastic tube 71 and can be moved along plastic tube 71, plastic sheath The length of pipe 72 is the 1/2 of plastic tube 71;Spilling water seam 73 is arranged on the top of plastic tube 71, and length is less than or equal to plastic tube 71 1/2.Plastic tube 71 is connected with spillway hole 5 and overflow pipe 16, adjusts spilling water by the height of mobile plastic bushing 72 and stitches 73 The length exposed, so as to adjust the height of liquid level.
Further, in soilless culture production process, constitute a closing by some groups of tidal type Soilless culture troughs 1 and follow The cultivation system of ring, each tidal type Soilless culture trough 1 is provided with feed pipe 18, and feed pipe 18 can connect drop arrow, labyrinth type drop Head, or tap;Feed pipe 18 is connected with liquid-supplying system 51.Liquid-supplying system 51 is by connecting nutrition liquid pool 14 and treatment liquid pool 13, persistently for nutrient solution to cultivation bed 1 in, water level is gradually increasing in cultivation bed 1.First trough 3 of each cultivation bed 1 is provided with Spillway hole 5 and hole for back flow 6, are connected respectively on overflow pipe 16 and liquid back pipe 10, overflow pipe 16 and liquid back pipe 10 company of concentration respectively It is connected to spilling water house steward 41 and returns liquid house steward 42, is easy to be uniformly controlled.Return liquid house steward 42 to be controlled by magnetic valve 20, pressed in practical operation Demand controls the switch of magnetic valve 20.During feed flow, the tap of the connection of feed pipe 18, or drop arrow or labyrinth emitter By in nutrition liquid irrigation to matrix, unnecessary nutrient solution overflows from the spilling water seam 73 of fluid level controller 19, by overflow pipe 16 Liquid return tank 11 is back to spilling water house steward 41;After cultivation matrix 8 is saturated with nutrient solution, the magnetic valve 20 returned on liquid house steward 42 is opened, Unnecessary nutrient solution overflows from hole for back flow 6, is back to liquid return tank 11.Spillway hole 5 on the trough 3 of cultivation bed 1 first is less than separation net Piece 7, hole for back flow 6 is less than spillway hole 5, and the spilling water of fluid level controller 19 stitches the height of 73 bottoms higher than isolation mesh sheet 7, hole for back flow 6 height is less than isolation mesh sheet 7.After the feed flow of feed pipe 18 terminates, unnecessary nutrient solution is all back to liquid return tank 11, in backwater hole Can accumulate certain nutrient solution in the cavity 17 of 6 height and the bottom of cultivation bed 1, beneficial to the moisturizing of cultivation matrix 8, isolation mesh sheet 7 with There is air layer, the root system of plant for being penetrated into the bottom of cultivation bed 1 can absorb moisture, nutrient and oxygen between the height of backwater hole 6.Return Fluid apertures 6 connect liquid back pipe 10, and then be connected to back liquid house steward 42, it is necessary to drain in cultivation bed 1 nutrient solution when can open back liquid Magnetic valve 20 on house steward 42, nutrient solution is back to liquid return tank 11 in cultivation bed 1, realizes recycling for nutrient solution.Tidal type without Sterilizing and bacterial system 12 is provided with the nutrition fluid circulation of native cultivation bed 1, by sterilizing and bacterial system 12 to recovery pond 11 In recovered liquid carry out disinfection and recycled in storage to treatment liquid pool 13 after sterilization, it is to avoid germ is propagated by nutrient solution.
Specifically, the nutrient solution system of whole cultivation system can be nutrition liquid pool 14, or intelligent liquid manure integrally Change Irrigation Machine system.
The tidal type Soilless culture trough that the present invention is provided, simple structure, cultivation bed and cultivation groove lid, the first trough, second Trough is from insulation material, it is ensured that the temperature stabilization of cultivation matrix;The device is additionally provided with isolation mesh sheet, fluid level controller, returns Fluid apertures, it is ensured that the sufficient of liquid manure is supplied and bulk water can flow back so that root system of plant is in the suitable of solid, liquid, gas three-phase equilibrium Suitable environment, plant grew well;Whole cultivation system is carried out disinfection to the recovered liquid in recovery pond by sterilizing and bacterial system and killed Bacterium Posterior circle is utilized, it is to avoid germ is propagated by nutrient solution;Cultivation bed can be used for the extensive soilless culture of melon-fruit-like vegetable etc. Production.
Although present disclosure is discussed in detail by above preferred embodiment, but it should be appreciated that above-mentioned Description is not considered as limitation of the present invention.After those skilled in the art have read the above, for of the invention Various modifications and substitutions all will be apparent.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be limited to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of tidal type Soilless culture trough, comprising cultivation bed (1) and cultivation groove lid (2), and is arranged on cultivation bed (1) two ends The first trough (3) and the second trough (4), it is characterised in that described device also comprising overflow pipe (16), liquid back pipe (10), overflow Supply mains (41), time liquid house steward (42), liquid return tank (11), sterilizing and bacterial system (12), treatment liquid pool (13), nutrition liquid pool (14) And liquid-supplying system (51);
Isolation mesh sheet (7) is provided with the cultivation bed (1), non-woven fabrics is laid in isolation mesh sheet (7), in isolation mesh sheet (7) Cultivation bed (1) is divided into cultivation matrix (8) and cavity (17) two parts by side's filling cultivation matrix (8), isolation mesh sheet (7) up and down;
First trough (3) is provided with spillway hole (5), fluid level controller (19) and hole for back flow (6), fluid level controller (19) with Spillway hole (5) is connected, and overflow pipe (16) is also connected with fluid level controller (19), and liquid back pipe (10) is connected on hole for back flow (6);Every The overflow pipe (16) of cultivation bed (1) is connected with spilling water house steward (41), and liquid back pipe (10) is connected with liquid house steward (42) is returned, and returns liquid house steward (42) it is provided with the magnetic valve (20) of independent control;Spilling water house steward (41) and time liquid house steward (42) connect liquid return tank (11);Return Liquid pool (11) is sequentially connected sterilizing and bacterial system (12) and treatment liquid pool (13) again;
The cultivation bed (1) connects liquid-supplying system (51), liquid-supplying system (51) and nutrition liquid pool (14) and treatment liquid pool (13) point Do not connect.
2. tidal type Soilless culture trough according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cultivation matrix (8) is gardening base Matter or coconut palm chaff.
3. tidal type Soilless culture trough according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cultivation bed (1) and cultivation groove lid (2), the first trough (3), the second trough (4) are made of insulation material.
4. tidal type Soilless culture trough according to claim 3, it is characterised in that be provided with the cultivation groove lid (2) Field planting plant (9) in field planting hole (15), the field planting hole (15).
5. tidal type Soilless culture trough according to claim 3, it is characterised in that along upper surface in the cultivation bed (1) To groove is had, isolation mesh sheet (7) is provided with groove, the section of groove is divided into cultivation matrix (8) and cavity (17) up and down Two parts;The cross sectional shape of the first trough (3) and the second trough (4) is identical with cultivation bed (1), but is not provided with isolation mesh sheet (7); First trough (3) side wall is provided with spillway hole (5) and hole for back flow (6), and spillway hole (5) connects fluid level controller (19) and overflow pipe (16) spilling water house steward (41), is reconnected, and leads to liquid return tank (11);Hole for back flow (6) is connected with liquid back pipe (10), reconnects back liquid House steward (42), and lead to liquid return tank (11), return the magnetic valve (20) that liquid house steward (42) is provided with independent control.
6. tidal type Soilless culture trough according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the fluid level controller (19), comprising Plastic tube (71), plastic bushing (72) and spilling water seam (73);Plastic bushing (72) is nested with plastic tube (71) outward and being capable of edge Plastic tube (71) is mobile, and the length of plastic bushing (72) is the 1/2 of plastic tube (71);Spilling water seam (73) is arranged on plastic tube (71) Top, length less than or equal to plastic tube (71) 1/2.
7. tidal type Soilless culture trough according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the fluid level controller (19), it overflows , higher than isolation mesh sheet (7), the height of hole for back flow (6) is less than isolation mesh sheet (7), liquid-supplying system for the height of water seam (73) bottom (51) after feed flow terminates, unnecessary nutrient solution is back to liquid return tank (11), with cultivation bed (1) bottom below hole for back flow (6) height Cavity (17) in nutritious liquid accumulate, isolation mesh sheet (7) is to having air layer between the position of hole for back flow (6) height.
8. tidal type Soilless culture trough according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the liquid-supplying system (51) connects nutrition Liquid pool (14) and treatment liquid pool (13), it is cultivation bed (1) feed flow, liquid-supplying system that liquid-supplying system (51) is also connected with the second trough (4) (51) feed pipe (18) is included in, is persistently supplied in nutrient solution to cultivation bed (1) by it, during feed flow, unnecessary nutrient solution Overflowed from spillway hole (5) and fluid level controller (19), be back to liquid return tank (11);After cultivation matrix (8) is filled nutrient solution, liquid is returned Magnetic valve (20) on house steward (42) is opened, and unnecessary nutrient solution flows out from hole for back flow (6) and liquid back pipe (10), is back to liquid return tank (11)。
9. tidal type Soilless culture trough according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the hole for back flow (6) connects liquid back pipe (10) liquid house steward (42), is reconnected back;When excluding the nutrient solution in cultivation bed (1), the magnetic valve (20) returned on liquid house steward (42) Open, cultivation bed (1) interior nutrient solution is back to liquid return tank (11).
10. tidal type Soilless culture trough according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the liquid return tank (11) and treatment fluid Sterilizing and bacterial system (12) is provided between pond (13), profit is recycled after the sterilization that carried out disinfection to the recovered liquid in liquid return tank (11) With.
CN201710236554.5A 2017-04-12 2017-04-12 A kind of tidal type Soilless culture trough Pending CN106857220A (en)

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CN108029545A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-05-15 深圳春沐源控股有限公司 A kind of soilless culture implant system
CN108271677A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-07-13 深圳春沐源控股有限公司 A kind of soilless culture implant system
CN113575192A (en) * 2021-08-17 2021-11-02 全州县忠健蔬菜种植专业合作社 Automatic irrigation type cultivation device for high yield of tea trees and cultivation method thereof

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GB201002150D0 (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-03-31 Stillman Jason Vegetation station
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CN108271677A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-07-13 深圳春沐源控股有限公司 A kind of soilless culture implant system
CN113575192A (en) * 2021-08-17 2021-11-02 全州县忠健蔬菜种植专业合作社 Automatic irrigation type cultivation device for high yield of tea trees and cultivation method thereof

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