CN106856747A - A kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder - Google Patents

A kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106856747A
CN106856747A CN201710176694.8A CN201710176694A CN106856747A CN 106856747 A CN106856747 A CN 106856747A CN 201710176694 A CN201710176694 A CN 201710176694A CN 106856747 A CN106856747 A CN 106856747A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seeding
motor
divider
accurate quantification
seed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710176694.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡剑
周立昶
姜东�
詹国祥
周帆
周琴
王笑
戴廷波
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhou Lichang
Nanjing Agricultural University
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Nanjing Agricultural University
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Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing Agricultural University filed Critical Nanjing Agricultural University
Priority to CN201710176694.8A priority Critical patent/CN106856747A/en
Publication of CN106856747A publication Critical patent/CN106856747A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/18Machines for depositing quantities of seed at intervals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/062Devices for making drills or furrows
    • A01C5/064Devices for making drills or furrows with rotating tools
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/066Devices for covering drills or furrows
    • A01C5/068Furrow packing devices, e.g. press wheels

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Sowing (AREA)
  • Fertilizing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder, belong to accurate quantification technical field of seeders.Including sowing frame, the sowing frame is provided with mounting bracket, trifilar suspension frame, fifth wheel, plough, gauge wheel;The mounting bracket is provided with kind of a case, seeding outlet base plate, divider, point kind of motor, electric appliance box, seeding motor;The seeding outlet base plate is provided with grating type feed mechanism for seed.The present invention can realize the intellectuality of wheat cultivation, precision, with other planting patterns than saving seed low production cost, improve the growth conditions of seedlings of cereal crops ventilation and penetrating light, significant to obtaining stable high yield.

Description

A kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder
Technical field:
The invention belongs to accurate quantification technical field of seeders, more particularly to a kind of quantitative seeder of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled.
Background technology:
Current China field sowing mode is generally bunch planting, disseminates and drilling, and existing seeding machinery high cost, weight are big, Be not suitable for the operation in small-sized field, quality is loose and wet rotten soil on farming easily sink, and rural area is land contract To family, large-scale sowing machine operation is not suitable at all, but be badly in need of a kind of small-sized agricultural machinery for being adapted to people's operation.Therefore, A kind of middle-size and small-size, inexpensive, agriculture requirement that is meeting scientic planting wheat Precise sowing machine is designed to be very important.
The content of the invention:
The present invention in order to overcome the above-mentioned deficiencies of the prior art, proposes a kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder.
A kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder, including sowing frame, the sowing frame are provided with installation Frame, trifilar suspension frame, fifth wheel, plough, gauge wheel;The mounting bracket, trifilar suspension frame are welded in sowing frame, described Fifth wheel, plough, gauge wheel are respectively with bolted on connection in sowing frame;Kind case that the mounting bracket is provided with, seeding go out Mouth base plate, divider, point kind of a motor, electric cabinet, seeding motor, the seeding outlet base plate are welded on mounting bracket, the kind Case, divider, point kind of motor, electric cabinet, seeding motor is respectively with bolted on connection on mounting bracket;On the seeding outlet base plate Grating type feed mechanism for seed, discharging tube are provided with, the grating type feed mechanism for seed is connected with seeding motor by driving belt, the grating type row Plant device to be made up of discharge plate and shell, the discharge plate has made the impartial grid disk of lattice;The divider is mainly planted by point Impeller, point kind of impeller axle and with shell composition, there is 8 seed exports of equalization on divider shell;Set on the electric cabinet There are PLC control system and touch-screen;The fifth wheel is provided with velometer, and the rate signal of the velometer is through electric cabinet control The rotating speed of seeding motor and divider motor;On the plough by bolted on connection earthing wheel, cleaning shoe, planting mouthful.
Preferably, the mounting bracket is provided with seeding outlet base plate, and the seeding outlet base plate is provided with grating type row Device is planted, the grating type feed mechanism for seed is connected with seeding motor by driving belt, and the grating type feed mechanism for seed is by discharge plate and shell Composition, the discharge plate has made the impartial grid disk of lattice.
Preferably, on the plough by bolted on connection earthing wheel, cleaning shoe.
Preferably, the electric cabinet is provided with PLC control system and touch-screen;The fifth wheel is provided with velometer, The rate signal of the velometer controls the rotating speed of seeding motor and divider motor through electric cabinet.
Preferably, the mounting bracket is provided with divider and divider motor, there is going out for 8 equalizations on divider shell Mouthful.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. other planting patterns compare to dry and wet field strong adaptability, production low intensity, low production cost the present invention with wheat, The market demand of particularly suitable middle smallholder.
2. wheat Precise sowing is realized, the growth conditions of seedlings of cereal crops ventilation and penetrating light is greatly improved, it is steady to obtain high yield to wheat Produce significant.
3. application of the invention is that agricultural machinery is modernized, demonstration progradation is played in intellectuality.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1:Wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder front view;
Fig. 2:Wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder right view;
Fig. 3:Grating type discharge plate front view;
Fig. 4:Grating type discharge plate sectional view;
Fig. 5:Divider intraware figure;
Fig. 6:Divide kind of an impeller top view.
Marked in figure:
1-trifilar suspension frame, 2-kind of case, 3-mounting bracket, 4-grating type feed mechanism for seed, 5-seeding outlet base plate, 6- Discharging tube, 7-divider, 8-point kind motor, 9-planting pipe, 10-fifth wheel, 11-velometer, 12-earthing wheel, 13-planting mouthful, 14-cleaning shoe, 15-plough, 16-gauge wheel, 17-handwheel, 18-electric cabinet, 19-broadcast Plant frame, 20-seeding motor, 21-discharge plate, 22-point kind impeller, 23-point kind impeller axle.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is illustrated with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in accompanying drawing 1, Fig. 2, a kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder, including sowing frame 19, it is described Sowing frame 19 is provided with trifilar suspension frame 1, mounting bracket 3, fifth wheel 10, plough 15, gauge wheel 16;The mounting bracket 3, three Point hanger bracket 1 is welded in sowing frame 19, and the fifth wheel 10, plough 15, gauge wheel 16 is being broadcast with bolted on connection respectively Plant in frame 19;The trifilar suspension frame 1 is mounted with tow tractor;The mounting bracket 3 is provided with seeding outlet base plate 5, plants Case 2, divider 7, point kind of a motor 8, electric cabinet 18, the seeding outlet base plate 5 are welded on mounting bracket 3, described kind of case 2, point Device 7, point kind of a motor 8, electric cabinet 18, seeding motor 20 are planted respectively with bolted on connection on mounting bracket 3;The seeding exports base plate 5 are provided with grating type feed mechanism for seed 4, discharging tube 6, the grating type feed mechanism for seed 4 and seeding motor 20, are connected by driving belt, institute State grating type feed mechanism for seed 4 to be made up of discharge plate 21 and shell, the discharge plate 21 has made the impartial grid disk of 20 lattice, described Discharging tube 6 is connected with the charging aperture of divider 7;On the plough 15 by bolted on connection earthing wheel 12, planting mouthful 13, scrape Mud plate 14, the planting mouthful 13 is connected with the discharging opening of divider 7 by planting pipe 9;The fifth wheel 10 is provided with velometer 11, The rate signal of the velometer 11 is through the control seeding of electric cabinet 18 motor 20 and the rotating speed of divider motor 8.Shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 Discharge plate 21 is the critical piece of the grating type feed mechanism for seed 4, and the wheat seed of the filling per lattice of discharge plate 21 is equal in number, works as kind The seed of case 2 is by after the discharge plate 21 in grating type feed mechanism for seed 4, with the rotation of discharge plate 21, discharging lattice in unit speed The seed amount of grating feed mechanism for seed 4 is impartial, and the discharge plate 21 is driven by seeding motor 20;It is described for divider 7 shown in Fig. 5 Intraware figure, Fig. 6 show a point top view for kind of impeller 22, and described point of kind impeller 22 is with point kind of motor 8 by point kind of an impeller axle 23 connections, the effect of described point of kind impeller 22 is that wheat seed is uniformly distributed to 8 seeds impartial on the shell of divider 7 Outlet;The power supply of the electric cabinet 18 is provided by tow tractor, and the electric cabinet 18 processes the speed letter from velometer 11 Number, and send work order to point kind of a motor 8, seeding motor 20.
Specific work process of the present invention is:
The present invention be a kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder, its course of work be first by trifilar suspension frame 1 with Tow tractor is mounted, and the height of gauge wheel 16 is regulated with handwheel 17, and electric cabinet 18 is connected with the mains, small to the inner addition of kind of case 2 Wheat Seeds, the mu needed for being set on the touch screen computer of electric cabinet 18 broadcasts wheat seeds amount(Jin).After above-mentioned preparation is completed, open Dynamic diesel engine, the present invention is moved with tow tractor, and fifth wheel 10 is also moved therewith, and power-on switch, velometer 11 starts Work, the rate signal of velometer 11 feeds back to electric cabinet 18, through the data processing of electric cabinet 18, to seeding motor 20, divides and plants Motor 8 sends the work order for meeting the wheat mu amount of broadcasting rotating speed, and seeding motor 20, point kind of a motor 8 make grating type feed mechanism for seed respectively 4th, divider 7 makes a certain amount of Wheat Species by kind of case 2, via grating type seeding by each spinning of rotating speed that work order is given Device 4, discharging tube 6, divider 7, planting pipe 9, planting mouthful 13 is equably sown into eight ditches that plough 15 is outputed, due to lattice The seed amount discharged in the unit speed of grating feed mechanism for seed 4 is impartial, and its rotating speed is controlled by fifth wheel 10, fifth wheel 10 again Linear velocity be synchronous with the linear velocity that tractor is walked, so, after the mu needed for setting broadcasts wheat seeds amount, seeds fall Quantity is synchronous with the linear velocity speed that tractor is walked;The soil that earthing wheel 12 discharges plough 15 in covering ditch, rises again To the effect of covering seed, the effect of cleaning shoe 14 is to remove the mamoty that the surface of plough 15 is glued.
Examples detailed above is intended only as illustrating that technology design of the invention is feature, the purpose is to be to allow those skilled in the art Understand present disclosure, it is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention;Done by all essence according to present invention Equivalence changes, such as size, external form size or for other species sowing should all cover in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder, it is characterised in that:Including sowing frame(19), the seeder Frame(19)It is provided with mounting bracket(3), trifilar suspension frame(1), fifth wheel(10), plough(15), gauge wheel(16);The installation Frame(3)It is provided with kind of a case(2), seeding outlet base plate(5), divider(7), point kind of motor(8), electric cabinet(18), seeding motor (20);The seeding exports base plate(5)It is provided with grating type feed mechanism for seed(4), discharging tube(6);The fifth wheel(10)It is provided with Velometer(11);The electric cabinet(18)Treatment comes from velometer(11)Electric signal simultaneously controls seeding motor(20)With divider electricity Machine(8)Rotating speed;The plough(15)It is provided with earthing wheel(12), cleaning shoe(14), planting pipe(9).
2. wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The mounting bracket (3)It is provided with divider(7)With divider motor(8);The divider(7)Mainly by point kind of an impeller(22), point kind of an impeller Axle(23)Constituted with 8 shells of seed export are evenly equipped with.
3. wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The mounting bracket (3)It is provided with seeding outlet base plate(5), seeding motor(20), the seeding outlet base plate(5)It is provided with grating type feed mechanism for seed (4), discharging tube(6);The grating type feed mechanism for seed 4 is by discharge plate(21)With shell composition, the discharge plate(21)Make 20 The impartial grid disk of lattice,.
4. wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The electric cabinet (18)Treatment comes from velometer(11)Electric signal simultaneously controls seeding motor(20)With divider motor(8)Rotating speed.
5. wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The plough (15)It is provided with earthing wheel(12), cleaning shoe(14), planting pipe(9).
CN201710176694.8A 2017-03-23 2017-03-23 A kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder Pending CN106856747A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710176694.8A CN106856747A (en) 2017-03-23 2017-03-23 A kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710176694.8A CN106856747A (en) 2017-03-23 2017-03-23 A kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112075163A (en) * 2020-08-14 2020-12-15 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Dual-drive type on-film hole-opening seeding device and method
CN113545189A (en) * 2021-08-16 2021-10-26 黑龙江北大荒众荣农机有限公司 Electric control double-seedling air-carrying type precision seeding monomer

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2007051402A1 (en) * 2005-11-01 2007-05-10 Chen Dong A sowing machine for soybean
CN101953247A (en) * 2010-08-09 2011-01-26 青岛农业大学 Small field sower
CN201781744U (en) * 2010-08-09 2011-04-06 中机美诺科技股份有限公司 Suspended no-tillage pneumatic precision corn seeder
CN204762071U (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-18 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院 Miniature potato planter's sowing mechanism
CN205093107U (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-03-23 山东农业大学 Minimal till wide seedling area wheat precision planter of executing simultaneously with fertilizer
CN205357064U (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-07-06 周帆 Accurate seed -sowing machine of rice
CN105815006A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-08-03 华中农业大学 Centrifugal small-particle seed precision seeder and seeding rate control method thereof
CN205454512U (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-08-17 周帆 Accurate live and integrated machine of field management of highland crack 4 wheel driven type rice
CN206629426U (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-11-14 南京农业大学 A kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2007051402A1 (en) * 2005-11-01 2007-05-10 Chen Dong A sowing machine for soybean
CN101953247A (en) * 2010-08-09 2011-01-26 青岛农业大学 Small field sower
CN201781744U (en) * 2010-08-09 2011-04-06 中机美诺科技股份有限公司 Suspended no-tillage pneumatic precision corn seeder
CN204762071U (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-18 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院 Miniature potato planter's sowing mechanism
CN205093107U (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-03-23 山东农业大学 Minimal till wide seedling area wheat precision planter of executing simultaneously with fertilizer
CN205357064U (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-07-06 周帆 Accurate seed -sowing machine of rice
CN205454512U (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-08-17 周帆 Accurate live and integrated machine of field management of highland crack 4 wheel driven type rice
CN105815006A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-08-03 华中农业大学 Centrifugal small-particle seed precision seeder and seeding rate control method thereof
CN206629426U (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-11-14 南京农业大学 A kind of wheat Full-automatic electric-controlled accurate quantification seeder

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112075163A (en) * 2020-08-14 2020-12-15 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Dual-drive type on-film hole-opening seeding device and method
CN113545189A (en) * 2021-08-16 2021-10-26 黑龙江北大荒众荣农机有限公司 Electric control double-seedling air-carrying type precision seeding monomer

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Effective date of registration: 20190905

Address after: No. 1 Weigang, Xuanwu District, Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province, 210000

Applicant after: NANJING AGRICULTURAL University

Applicant after: Zhou Lichang

Address before: No. 1 Weigang, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province

Applicant before: Nanjing Agricultural University

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20170620