CN106854471A - Continuous biomass temperature control retort - Google Patents

Continuous biomass temperature control retort Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106854471A
CN106854471A CN201510888837.9A CN201510888837A CN106854471A CN 106854471 A CN106854471 A CN 106854471A CN 201510888837 A CN201510888837 A CN 201510888837A CN 106854471 A CN106854471 A CN 106854471A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
gas
radiator
charcoal
charing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510888837.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孟祥宁
孟祥海
李绥祖
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
KAIXIANG CO Ltd LONGKOU CITY SHANDONG
Original Assignee
KAIXIANG CO Ltd LONGKOU CITY SHANDONG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by KAIXIANG CO Ltd LONGKOU CITY SHANDONG filed Critical KAIXIANG CO Ltd LONGKOU CITY SHANDONG
Priority to CN201510888837.9A priority Critical patent/CN106854471A/en
Publication of CN106854471A publication Critical patent/CN106854471A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of continuous biomass temperature control retort, belong to biomass carbonated equipment technical field, the object of the invention solves key issue is:Heated by using charing chamber integral heat emission device, continuous biomass carbonization device is solved using the fuel gas supply charing chamber endogenous substance charing institute calorific requirement for itself producing, carbonization temperature scope is expanded, heat utilization rate is improve, carbonization device carbonizing production yield and yield is increased.By using radiator control charing chamber biomass pyrolytic and reduction reaction temperature just, being capable of achieving the carbonizing production yields such as carbonization device biomass carbon, wood tar and fuel gas can regulate and control.

Description

Continuous biomass temperature control retort
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of biomass carbonizing furnace, more particularly to a kind of continuous biomass temperature control retort.
Background technology
The biomass such as the stalk of agricultural industry, weeds, branch and sawdust are important recycling resources, using biomass carbonated technology to these Resource effectively utilize and has become important channel.Current prior art Intellectual Property Right Bureau of the RPC 2012 year 03 month authorizes on the 07th Bulletin CN101220283 patents, entitled continuous biomass charing device, the device of the invention improves charing mechanization of operation degree, makes Charing production by it is past it is workshop-based be changed into industrialized production, and can save largely manually and expense costs.The invention weak point is required charing The heat that heat discharges by charing raw material burning, therefore, stove internal oxidition strong reaction, the carbon dioxide of generation is more, causes charing to obtain The reduction of the product yields such as charcoal, fuel gas, the wood tar for obtaining;Intellectual Property Right Bureau of the RPC 2012 year 05 month authorizes public on the 02nd CN202208698U patents, entitled stalk coke oven are accused, the utility model derives fuel gas in straw charring is burnt, produced Heat passes to heat to the wall heating of charing flood dragon by flood dragon wall, for charing raw material provides heat energy in flood dragon, improves capacity usage ratio, reduces energy Consumption, but, due to charing flood dragon be located at charing flood dragon heating chamber in, heating chamber to charing flood dragon warm temperature not above 800 DEG C, if heating chamber It is higher than 800 DEG C to charing flood dragon warm temperature, the mechanical performance reduction of charing flood dragon metal parts can be caused to run well, and carbonizes pyrolytic reaction Wood tar is conducive to crack and charcoal, carbon dioxide and aqueous vapour reducing reaction generation hydrogen, unsaturation at 800 DEG C to 1200 DEG C with reduction reaction temperature Hydro carbons, CO gas, increase fuel gas yield and improve fuel gas calorific value, therefore the utility model biomass can only be carried out 700 DEG C with Lower low-temperature carbonization, it is impossible to increase substantially fuel gas yield, the fuel gas calorific value of output is low.
The content of the invention
The object of the invention solves key issue:Heated by using charing chamber integral heat emission device, solve the utilization of continuous biomass carbonization device The fuel gas supply charing chamber endogenous substance charing institute calorific requirement for itself producing, expands carbonization temperature scope, improves heat utilization rate, increases Carbonization device carbonizing production yield and yield.By using radiator control charing chamber biomass pyrolytic and reduction reaction temperature just, it is capable of achieving charcoal The carbonizing production yields such as change equipment biomass carbon, wood tar and fuel gas can regulate and control.
Continuous biomass temperature control retort of the present invention, including:Charing chamber, radiator bearer, radiator, charing chamber temperature indicating device, gas charcoal Separate fire grate, row's charcoal device, sparge pipe, gas liquid chamber, combustion type regenerator, bell, it is characterised in that:Charing chamber top is cube, and bottom is Dog-house and bell are arranged at square cone, cube top, and being provided with gas charcoal in charing chamber bottom side cone separates fire grate;It is provided with scattered in charing chamber cube bottom Hot device support;Radiator is set on radiator bearer, and radiator is confined to hollow cuboid, a side joint gas pipeline, a side joint by carborundum plate Exhaust uptake, exhaust uptake connects body of heater exhaust chimney;The interval setting charing chamber temperature indicating device in radiator side;It is stainless that gas charcoal separates fire grate Steel, 2-20 millimeters of fire grate gap;Row's charcoal device is provided with the middle and lower part of charing chamber bottom side cone, row's charcoal device is flood dragon type, flood dragon in its charing chamber Long Bi is supreme wall type flood dragon, and dragon shaft is hollow water-cooled formula;It is gas liquid chamber that gas charcoal separates fire grate and row's charcoal device bottom, and gas liquid chamber bottom is Gas-liquid arranges mouth;Combustion type regenerator, combustion type regenerator appendix and lumen of radiator UNICOM, lumen of radiator and row are provided with the outside of retort Gas flue and chimney UNICOM;
Continuous biomass temperature control retort charing its arbitrary cross section of chamber is square, circular, polygon or irregular shape;
The radiator that the charing chamber of continuous biomass temperature control retort is built-in is stainless steel or pig iron hollow structure, and wherein radiator hollow shape is Cube, cuboid, circle, irregular body;
The gas charcoal of continuous biomass temperature control retort separates fire grate can be using network interface in 2 to 20mm stainless (steel) wires;
The gas charcoal of continuous biomass temperature control retort separates fire grate and can cast fire grate, stainless steel plate, pig iron plate in 2 to 20mm using comb hole.
Continuous biomass temperature control retort of the present invention compares with existing continuous biomass charing device, and its advantage is as follows:
1st, its charing heat of existing continuous biomass carbonizing furnace relies primarily on the heat of biomass zoneofoxidation burning generation to biomass pyrolytic charing area's expansion Dissipate and obtain.Continuous biomass temperature control retort of the present invention is that the fuel gas produced in stove is transported to the outer combustion type regenerator burning of stove to produce high temperature Gas, is heated by using charing chamber integral heat emission device for biomass, expands the heating surface area of biomass carbonated raw material, increases biomass thermal The volume of conversion zone is solved, the heat energy of biomass generation is efficiently utilized, more existing continuous biomass carbonated equipment reduces that biomass combustion is invalid to disappear Consumption, reduces CO2 emission, increased the yield of charcoal, wood tar, fuel gas, improves charing production efficiency.
2nd, existing continuous biomass carbonizing furnace is to produce heat supply biomass carbonated using biomass combustion merely, can only carry out less than 700 DEG C low temperature Charing.And continuous biomass temperature control retort of the present invention uses charing chamber integral heat emission device for biomass are heated, can carbonize stove endogenous substance Temperature reaches 1200 DEG C, expands the carbonization temperature scope of retort, because carbonization temperature reaches 850 DEG C to 1200 DEG C intervals and is conducive in retort There is secondary response and produce hydrogen and unsaturated hydro carbons fuel gas in wood tar, be also beneficial to charcoal, carbon dioxide and water vapour and produce reduction reaction generation The fuel gas such as carbon monoxide, hydrogen and methane, therefore, continuous biomass temperature control retort of the present invention can be using controlling in stove carbonization temperature just Control carbonizing production yield ratio is reached, carbonization product controllability is improve.For example:Improve the yield of fuel gas and the calorific value drop of fuel gas Low charcoal and wood tar yield can improve carbonization temperature in stove, conversely, the yield that improve the yield reduction fuel gas of charcoal and wood tar can be reduced in stove Carbonization temperature.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structure schematic diagram of the present invention
Fig. 2 is vertical section structure schematic diagram of the present invention
In figure:1. body of heater is carbonized, chamber is 2. carbonized, 3. chamber inner radiator, 4. chamber inner radiator inner chamber, 5. gas charcoal separates fire grate, 6. carbonize chamber temperature Display device, 7. gas liquid chamber, 8. fire resisting inner wall layer, 9. combustion type regenerator, 10. combustion type regenerator inner chamber, 11. burners, 12. air Input channel, 13. gas inlet pipe roads, 14. gas pipelines, 15. row's charcoal devices, 16. row charcoal flood dragons, 17. coolers, 18. carbon outlet ports, 19. is hollow Dragon shaft, 20. flood dragon gears, 21. gas-liquids row's mouth, 22. chamber inner radiator supports, 23. bells, 24. exhaust uptakes, 25. chimneys,
Specific embodiment
Below by embodiment and with reference to accompanying drawing, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment:Continuous biomass temperature control retort, such as Fig. 1, shown in Fig. 2.The present apparatus includes a charing chamber 2, suitable for reading in charing chamber 2 Bell 23 is provided with, chamber inner radiator 3 is provided with the inner chamber inner radiator support 22 of charing chamber 2, combustion type accumulation of heat is provided with charing body of heater 1 side Room 9, combustion type regenerator 9 is provided with burner 11, and burner 11 is provided with air inlet duct road 12 and gas inlet pipe road 13, and combustion type stores The combustion type regenerator inner chamber 10 in hot cell 9 passes through gas pipeline 14 and chamber inner radiator inner chamber 4, exhaust uptake 24, the UNICOM of chimney 25, in charcoal Change chamber 2 and set charing chamber temperature indicating device 6, bottom 3 millimeters of the gap gas charcoal in the body of heater of charing body of heater 1 positioned at the interval of chamber inner radiator 3 Separate fire grate 5 and be separated into charing chamber 2 and gas liquid chamber 7, the bullet cone position that bottom gas charcoal separation fire grate 5 is formed in charing chamber 2 is provided with Row's charcoal flood dragon 16, row's charcoal flood dragon 16 includes hollow screw-conveyer-shaft 19, and flood dragon gear 20 is provided with carbon outlet port 18, in carbon outlet port in row's charcoal device 15 Sparge pipe 17 is provided with above 18 one end, gas-liquid row's mouth 21 is set in the bullet lower end of gas liquid chamber 7, charing body of heater 1 inwall is fire resisting inner wall layer 8.
Open bell 23 and the charing raw material of crushing be first filled into charing chamber, be filled in chamber position in air heating type semiconductor refractory material radiator 3, Lighted a fire with kindling material on filler upper strata, whole aspect is uniformly lighted, start carries out air inducing with the roots blower of the UNICOMs of gas-liquid Pai Kou 21, then in charcoal Change in chamber 2 can continuous filler, after Roots's air-introduced machine draws charring gas reaches fuel gas, the air-supplying valve on unlatching gas inlet pipe road 13 Valve on preceding unlatching air inlet duct road 12, fuel gas in accumulation of heat chamber 10 is emptied with air blower, and it is kept conveying air condition, thereafter The igniter of burner 11 is first opened, then opens valve on gas inlet pipe road 13 and burner 11 supplied from the flammable of gas-liquid row's extraction of mouth 21 Gas, the hot gas that the burning of burner 11 is produced is ejected into combustion type regenerator inner chamber 10, and combustion heat gas enters scattered in chamber through gas pipeline 14 The wall of high temperature transit chamber inner radiator 3 produced in hot device inner chamber 4, chamber inner radiator inner chamber 4 is transmitted to charing chamber 2, and carbonated material pyrolysis zone is carried For controllable required temperature, pyrolysis temperature control shows the charing pyrolysis zone temperature of chamber 2 by carbonizing chamber temperature indicating device 6, heats up or cooling is by combustion Valve is input into the fuel gas quantity of burner 11 to control on gas input channel 13.The power motor of unlatching row's charcoal device 15, row's charcoal flood dragon 16 operates, The water-cooled of hollow screw-conveyer-shaft 19 switch and sparge pipe 17 are opened, the raw material not the carbonized emptying in bottom of chamber portion will be first carbonized, the charing bed of material is with the row of moving down into The position of charcoal flood dragon 16, the cold water of charcoal hollow screw-conveyer-shaft inner cold water and the spray of sparge pipe 17 during the row's of the operating charcoal of row's charcoal flood dragon 16 is in row's charcoal device Charcoal lowered the temperature, make charcoal temperature drop to burning-point below by way of carbon outlet port 18 discharge charcoal.The gas of carbonization process output, liquid and wood tar by Gas-liquid row's mouth 21 is discharged by Roots's air-introduced machine, and carries out being separated into fuel gas, wood tar and pyrolkigneous liquid, the fuel gas isolated Part supply retort heating is needed, and the fuel gas of remainder is used as the energy.The gas valve of adjustment gas inlet pipe road 13 Door, increases displacement and improves the temperature of chamber inner radiator inner chamber 4, and carbonated material pyrolysis temperature is raised between chamber inner radiator 3, can increase combustible gas Body yield, improves aerogenesis calorific value, reduces charcoal and wood tar yield, conversely, reducing the displacement reduction temperature of chamber inner radiator inner chamber 4, is radiated in chamber Carbonated material pyrolysis temperature reduction between device 3, can increase charcoal, wood tar yield, reduce the calorific value of fuel gas yield and fuel gas.Shut down When seal bell 23, power motor stops row's charcoal on the row's of closing charcoal device 15, closes sparge pipe 17 and switchs, and closes sieve with the UNICOMs of gas-liquid Pai Kou 21 Thatch blower fan stops air inducing, valve on valve and air inlet duct road 12 is closed on gas inlet pipe road 13, when kindling material can keep more long in charing chamber Between will not extinguish, again start operating when be not required to light a fire again, you can operating.

Claims (5)

1. continuous biomass temperature control retort, including:Charing chamber, radiator bearer, radiator, charing chamber temperature indicating device, gas charcoal separate fire grate, row's charcoal device, sparge pipe, gas liquid chamber, combustion type regenerator, bell, it is characterised in that:Retort top is cube, and bottom is square cone, and dog-house and bell are arranged at cube top, gas charcoal is provided with retort bottom side cone and separates fire grate;Radiator bearer is provided with charing chamber cube bottom;Radiator is set on radiator bearer, and radiator is confined to hollow cuboid, a side joint gas pipeline by carborundum plate, and side connects exhaust uptake, and exhaust uptake connects body of heater exhaust chimney;The interval setting charing chamber temperature indicating device in radiator side;It is stainless steel, 2-20 millimeters of fire grate gap that gas charcoal separates fire grate;Row's charcoal device is provided with charing chamber bottom, row's charcoal device is flood dragon type, flood dragon wall is supreme wall type flood dragon in its charing chamber, dragon shaft is hollow water-cooled formula;Gas charcoal separates fire grate and row's charcoal device bottom is gas liquid chamber, and gas liquid chamber bottom is that gas-liquid arranges mouth;Combustion type regenerator is provided with the outside of retort, combustion type regenerator is by appendix and lumen of radiator UNICOM, lumen of radiator and exhaust uptake and chimney UNICOM.
2. continuous biomass temperature control retort according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Charing chamber arbitrary cross section is square, circular or polygon.
3. continuous biomass temperature control retort according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The built-in radiator in charing chamber is stainless steel or pig iron hollow structure, and wherein radiator hollow shape is cube, cuboid, circle, irregular body.
4. continuous biomass temperature control retort according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Gas charcoal separates fire grate can be using network interface in 2 to 20mm stainless (steel) wires.
5. continuous biomass temperature control retort according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Gas charcoal separates fire grate and can cast fire grate, stainless steel plate, pig iron plate in 2 to 20mm using comb hole.
CN201510888837.9A 2015-12-08 2015-12-08 Continuous biomass temperature control retort Pending CN106854471A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510888837.9A CN106854471A (en) 2015-12-08 2015-12-08 Continuous biomass temperature control retort

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510888837.9A CN106854471A (en) 2015-12-08 2015-12-08 Continuous biomass temperature control retort

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106854471A true CN106854471A (en) 2017-06-16

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107896925A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-04-13 西南大学 A kind of lightweight cultivation matrix for roof greening and preparation method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107896925A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-04-13 西南大学 A kind of lightweight cultivation matrix for roof greening and preparation method thereof

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