CN106844834A - A kind of corrugated sheet steel concrete combined structure and its computer controls forming method - Google Patents

A kind of corrugated sheet steel concrete combined structure and its computer controls forming method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106844834A
CN106844834A CN201611142294.7A CN201611142294A CN106844834A CN 106844834 A CN106844834 A CN 106844834A CN 201611142294 A CN201611142294 A CN 201611142294A CN 106844834 A CN106844834 A CN 106844834A
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China
Prior art keywords
corrugated sheet
sheet steel
bolt
pattern
type
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CN201611142294.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王宇伟
李志安
郭惠
郭一惠
王海山
费建伟
王再胜
张可
王俊杰
刘继虎
沈海英
李啸天
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Beijing Wisdom Construction Technology Co Ltd
Zhejiang Zhongnan Construction Group Steel Structure Co Ltd
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Beijing Wisdom Construction Technology Co Ltd
Zhejiang Zhongnan Construction Group Steel Structure Co Ltd
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Application filed by Beijing Wisdom Construction Technology Co Ltd, Zhejiang Zhongnan Construction Group Steel Structure Co Ltd filed Critical Beijing Wisdom Construction Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611142294.7A priority Critical patent/CN106844834A/en
Publication of CN106844834A publication Critical patent/CN106844834A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F30/00Computer-aided design [CAD]
    • G06F30/20Design optimisation, verification or simulation
    • G06F30/23Design optimisation, verification or simulation using finite element methods [FEM] or finite difference methods [FDM]
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/30Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts being composed of two or more materials; Composite steel and concrete constructions
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F30/00Computer-aided design [CAD]
    • G06F30/10Geometric CAD
    • G06F30/13Architectural design, e.g. computer-aided architectural design [CAAD] related to design of buildings, bridges, landscapes, production plants or roads

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of corrugated sheet steel concrete combined structure and its computer controls forming method, the structural system can be used in the wall limb structure of Multistory-tall building, belong to building structure technology field.The corrugated sheet steel concrete combined structure is made up of the high-strength bolt of two pieces of symmetrically placed corrugated sheet steels, concrete filled, two pieces of corrugated sheet steels of concrete filled steel tube side column and connection, its structure layout pattern includes yi word pattern, L-type, T-shaped, Z-type or cross, and the corrugated sheet steel includes ladder twists and turns pattern, square wave fold-type formula, triangular wave fold-type formula and wave pattern;Computer controls impact forming method of the present invention, including blanking system, Molding systems, stamping system, assembling system and welding system.The present invention is a class economy, efficient wall limb structure, has the advantages that high capacity, saves material, and computer controls impact forming method can realize the batch standardized production of corrugated sheet steel, has facilitation to development assembled architecture.

Description

A kind of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure and its computer controls forming method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure and its computer controls forming method, the structure System is applied in the middle of the wall limb structure in Multistory-tall building, belongs to building structure technology field.
Background technology
(1), the application of wall limb structure
Wall limb structure is a kind of shear wall structure system, is widely used in Multistory-tall building, especially in residential structure body In system, the flexibility of the house type arrangement that it brings is favored by architect deeply, can avoid going out using frame structure in residential housing The head beam dew post phenomenon that existing beam column is inconsistent with width of wall body and brings, it is also possible to overcome bean column node to be exposed to the interior space And influence to use the problem with perception.Especially, it is to avoid support is set in steel-frame structure to opening up door and window hole and filling wall The difficulty that construction brings.Therefore, the innovation and development to wall limb structure is filled to promoting housing industrialization, building industrialization and building It is significant with changing.
(2), the development of wall limb structure
Concrete wall limb structure is applied to multilayer and high building structure earliest, and current this structural shape also extensively should With, but because concrete in tension intensity is relatively low, easily ftractureed under outer load action, cause concrete wall limb structure ductility compared with Difference.Meanwhile, there is situ wet operation and pour, it is necessary to template support in concrete, working measure is costly, does not also meet industrialization Production and the developing direction of assembling building.Therefore, people are sought for new high-performance wall limb structural shape.
Steel plate and concrete composite wall limb structure grows up after concrete wall limb structure, more using plain plate Parcel concrete or concrete parcel two kinds of situations of steel plate.For the combining structure that plain plate wraps up concrete, be in steel plate Inner side sets peg to ensure concrete and the co-ordination of both steel plates.But, the effect of contraction of the two is less desirable, coagulation The effect of contraction to steel plate can be lost after soil cracking or destruction, plain plate also can lose bearing capacity quickly because constraint is lost, Therefore overall wall limb also can lose bearing capacity and ductility.Construction aspect, in concreting process, outside plate is in itself The pouring thrust of concrete generation can not possibly be resisted, thus must be provided with additional supporting structure to ensure steel plate in casting process Stability.The wall limb structure of concrete parcel steel plate has in Tall Building Hybrid Structure as the built-in steel plate of Core Walls Structure extensively should With the bearing capacity and ductility of Core Walls Structure can be effectively improved.But the interaction of the two is performed poor, such as when outside concrete exists After the lower cracking of external force effect is broken, abandoned steel plate also can quickly lose stability.Mould is set in concreting Plate, working measure is complicated and time-consuming, therefore, at present using few in wall limb structure.
In recent years, another type steel-concrete wall limb structure has obtained significant progress, using a series of hot-rolling H-shaped The interior mode for filling concrete is constituted after steel or U-steel or L-shaped steel Combination Welding.Although the wall limb structure of this type is conducive to Industrialized production, but welding capacity is larger, not only increases construction cost and construction period, and structure remnants after welding Stress and residual deformation outstanding problem.Importantly, the material of the weld seam of welding formation and heat affected area becomes fragile so that tying Structure is easy to produce brittle fracture under reciprocating load, and especially in cold district, this problem is protruded very much.
(3), corrugated sheet steel briquetting process and computer-aided control technology
The corrugated sheet steel applied in architectural engineering has various patterns, and the roofing and metope for being mainly used in industrial premises are gone along with sb. to guard him Structure, the cold-rolled steel sheet for being not more than 1.5mm using thickness makes.Roller being used the current briquetting process to this kind of sheet metal more Mode is rolled, multigroup roller progressively profile and size of the roll forming to design requirement is set.For applying the ripple in wall limb structure Shape steel plate, its thickness is general, and now steel plate will undertake larger load between 4mm-30mm, such as still use above-mentioned multigroup roller Progressively briquetting process then needs special large-tonnage and powerful roller to prick equipment, while will also substantially reduce compressing effect Rate, so that seeking new briquetting process and control technology.
For the corrugated sheet steel used for wall limb structure, its compacting includes compacting, the ripple of corrugated sheet steel with assembling process The assembling positioning of shape steel plate, bolt penetration hole, bolt are tightened, side column is welded and the operation such as end seal plate welding, there is presently no seeing Realized on full-automatic production line by using computer-aided control forming technique to this process.
The content of the invention
To solve the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure And computer controls forming method.
1st, a kind of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure, it is characterised in that the corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure It is made up of the high-strength bolt of two pieces of symmetrically placed corrugated sheet steels, concrete filled, two pieces of corrugated sheet steels of side column and connection, its Structure layout pattern includes yi word pattern, L-type, T-shaped, Z-type or cross;The side column include square steel tube pattern, H profile steel pattern or U-steel pattern;The corrugated sheet steel includes ladder twists and turns pattern, square wave fold-type formula, triangular wave fold-type formula or undaform Formula;Two pieces of corrugated sheet steels are passed through to realize that it is connected by setting mounting hole in its wave trough position for screw rod, the installation Hole is evenly arranged along short transverse;The linked vector graph of the corrugated sheet steel includes that cucurbit type hole type of attachment, key type hole are connected Form, expansion self-locking type of attachment or high-strength bolt type of attachment.
2nd, the cucurbit type hole type of attachment is, set calabash shape mounting hole on corrugated sheet steel, wherein cucurbit type hole Macropore is in upper, aperture under, and installation process is as follows:
Step 2.1, calabash shape mounting hole is inserted by cylindrical screw rod and circular limit casing by macropore;
Step 2.2, will drop down onto the small bore end of calabash shape hole under cylindrical screw rod, be realized to ripple by circular limit casing Shape steel plate it is spacing;
Step 2.3, in cylindrical screw rod two ends cushioning circle and nut, tightens nut to apply pretightning force.
3rd, the key type hole type of attachment is that key-type mounting hole, the wherein macropore of type hole are set on corrugated sheet steel Under, aperture upper, installation process is as follows:
Step 3.1, key-type mounting hole is inserted by the screw rod with limiting card, and now screw rod upper limit is positioned in upper end;
Step 3.2,180 ° are rotated about the axis thereof by the screw rod with limiting card, and now screw rod upper limit is positioned in lower end, are led to Crossing limiting card can realize to the spacing of corrugated sheet steel;
Step 3.3, in screw rod two ends cushioning circle and nut with limiting card, tightens nut to apply pretightning force.
4th, the expansion self-locking type of attachment is that circular mounting hole is set on corrugated sheet steel, threaded using middle part Expansion of metal sleeve pipe realizes connection with the variable cross-section screw rod for being connected in its two ends, and the expansion of metal sleeve pipe two ends are provided with seam vertically Gap, installation process is as follows:
Step 4.1, circular mounting hole is inserted by expansion of metal sleeve pipe and the variable cross-section screw rod for being connected in its two ends;
Step 4.2, at two ends, variable cross-section screw rod cushioning circle and nut, tighten nut to apply pretightning force, with screw rod It is screwed into, screw rod expands right so as to realize from the side wall of Inner extrusion expansion of metal sleeve pipe, two end cross-sectionals of expansion of metal sleeve pipe Corrugated sheet steel it is spacing.
5th, the high-strength bolt type of attachment is that circular mounting hole is set on corrugated sheet steel, using internally threaded sleeve and The high-strength bolt at its two ends is connected in, installation process is as follows:
Step 5.1, is close to the corrugated sheet steel of side, and be screwed into the high-strength bolt of wherein side by internally threaded sleeve;
Step 5.2, another corrugated sheet steel is covered, and is screwed into the high-strength bolt of opposite side.
6th, a kind of computer controls forming method of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure, it is characterised in that the calculating Machine control forming method includes blanking system, Molding systems, stamping system, assembling system and welding system, and its forming process is such as Under:
6.1st, blanking system
Blanking system includes Cutting calculation module and blanking machine;The forming process related to blanking system is as follows:
Step 6.1.1, is input into plate geometric parameter, including:Plate height h, two plate spacing b, vertical bolt is apart from d, trough Number n, trough width l0, wave amplitude a;
Step 6.1.2, selectes template, is input into corresponding template parameter;
Step 6.1.3, is calculated by Cutting calculation module, obtains blanking board dimensions:Width h, length s;
Step 6.1.4, the flat board blanking of corrugated sheet steel 1 and corrugated sheet steel 2 is completed by blanking machine.
6.2nd, Molding systems
Molding systems include mould computing module and die molding machine;The forming process related to Molding systems is as follows:
Step 6.2.1, by mould computing module, mould shape function m (x) is calculated according to plate geometric parameter;
Step 6.2.2, by die molding machine, according to mould shape function m (x) mould.
6.3rd, stamping system
Stamping system includes screw locating module, punching press lathe and pulley conveyance;The shaping related to stamping system Journey is as follows:
Step 6.3.1, by screw locating module, mounting hole number and mounting hole is calculated according to plate geometric parameter Position coordinates;
Step 6.3.2, by punching press lathe, according to position of mounting hole coordinate, using mould by corrugated sheet steel 1 and waveform steel The punch forming of plate 2;
Step 6.3.3, assembling system is transported to by pulley conveyance by the corrugated sheet steel 1 and corrugated sheet steel 2 of shaping.
6.4th, assembling system
Assembling system includes magnetic machinery hand, laser alignment system and bolt mount system;It is related to assembling system into Type process is as follows:
Step 6.4.1, by magnetic machinery hand, adsorbs corrugated sheet steel 2 and is overturn;
Step 6.4.2, by laser alignment system, corrugated sheet steel 1 is alignd with corrugated sheet steel 2 and ensured parallel spacing It is b;
Step 6.4.3, by bolt mount system, realizes the transhipment of bolt, installs according to bolt quantity and bolt coordinate Apply with pretightning force;
Step 6.4.4, transports concrete filled steel tube side column and aligns assembly with corrugated sheet steel system.
6.5th, welding system
Welding system includes scanning manipulator and automatic welding gun;The forming process related to welding system is as follows:
Step 6.5.1, by scanning the path of welding between manipulator sweep waveform steel plate and side column;
Step 6.5.2, realizes welding by automatic welding gun;
Step 6.5.3, is adsorbed and is overturn by magnetic machinery hand to steel plate and side column system;
Step 6.5.4, again by scanning manipulator scanning path of welding, and realizes the weldering of another side by automatic welding gun Connect, be finally completed the corrugated sheet steel system shaping with side column.
7th, the computer controls forming method carries out the calculating of blank size using the Cutting calculation module, its calculating Process is as follows:
Step 7.1, is input into plate geometric parameter, including:Plate height h, trough number n, trough width l0, wave amplitude a;
Step 7.2, selects plate pattern, i.e.,:1.-ladder twists and turns;2.-rectangle setback;3.-triangle setback;4.-wave Shape;
Step 7.3, its template parameter is input into according to different templates:
Step 7.3.1, for ladder twists and turns pattern, input wave peak width l1With single hypotenuse horizontal width l2
Step 7.3.2, for square wave fold-type formula, input wave peak width l1
Step 7.3.3, for triangular wave fold-type formula, is input into single hypotenuse horizontal width l2
Step 7.3.4, for wave pattern, is input into single wave horizontal width l2
Step 7.4, obtains considering the plate length correction coefficient under the influence of its plasticity, the meter of the coefficient according to different templates Calculate using the output result of mould computing module;
Step 7.5, cutting length is calculated according to different templates:
Step 7.5.1, for ladder twists and turns pattern, cutting length is calculated as follows:
Step 7.5.2, for square wave fold-type formula, cutting length is calculated as follows:
S=α2·n(l0+l1+a)
Step 7.5.3, for triangular wave fold-type formula, cutting length is calculated as follows:
Step 7.5.4, for wave pattern, cutting length is calculated as follows:
Step 7.6, exports blank size:Blanking width h, cutting length s.
8th, the computer controls forming method carries out mould shape function and plate length using the mould computing module The calculating of correction factor, its calculating process is as follows:
Step 8.1, |input paramete, including:Plate height h, wave amplitude a, trough number n, trough width l0
Step 8.2, selectes plate pattern, and be input into its template parameter according to different templates;Setting shape function error model Number limit value tol;
Step 8.3, according to target form factor size, generation target shape function f (x);
Step 8.4, if iteration variable i=0;Initialization mould shape function:
m0(x)=f (x)
Step 8.5, by the FEM calculation module of ABAQUS secondary development, obtains steel plate in mould miUnder (x) effect Elastic recoil shape function Δ fi(x);
Step 8.6, obtains plate length correction factor alphai
Step 8.7, according to following formula calculation error shape function:
ei(x)=mi(x)-Δfi(x)-f(x)
Step 8.8, shape function error norm is calculated according to following formula:
Whether step 8.9, judge shape function error norm less than error limit according to following formula:
||ei(x)||<tol
Step 8.10, if the formula in step 8.9 is invalid, shows that error exceedes limit value, after calculating according to the following formula, returns to Step 8.5 is iterated;
I=i+1
mi+1(x)=mi(x)+Δfi(x)
Step 8.11:If the formula in step 8.9 is set up, show that error meets limit value requirement, according to the following formula output mask Shape function and plate length correction coefficient:
M (x)=mi(x)
α=αi
9th, the computer controls forming method carries out bolt sum and bolt coordinate using the screw locating module Calculate, its calculating process is as follows:
Step 9.1, is input into plate geometric parameter, including:Plate height h, vertical bolt is apart from d, and trough number n, trough is wide Degree l0
Step 9.2, selects plate pattern, i.e.,:1.-ladder twists and turns;2.-rectangle setback;3.-triangle setback;4.-wave Shape;
Step 9.3, its template parameter is input into according to different templates:
Step 9.3.1, for ladder twists and turns pattern, input wave peak width l1With single hypotenuse horizontal width l2
Step 9.3.2, for square wave fold-type formula, input wave peak width l1
Step 9.3.3, for triangular wave fold-type formula, is input into single hypotenuse horizontal width l2
Step 9.3.4, for wave pattern, is input into single wave horizontal width l2
Step 9.4, bolt coordinate is calculated according to different templates:
Step 9.4.1, for ladder twists and turns pattern, bolt coordinate is:
Step 9.4.2, for square wave fold-type formula, bolt coordinate is:
Step 9.4.3, for triangular wave fold-type formula, bolt coordinate is:
Step 9.4.4, for wave pattern, bolt coordinate is:
Step 9.5, bolt sum is calculated according to following formula:
Step 9.6, output parameter:Bolt coordinate (xi,j,yi,j), bolt sum nb
A kind of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure proposed by the present invention and its computer controls forming method, the structure System can be applied in the middle of the wall limb structure in Multistory-tall building, possess significant advantage:
(1) corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure and advantage
Wall limb structure is often made up of multiple wall limbs, and each wall limb wraps up coagulation local soil type into outside plate by corrugated sheet steel By to elongated bar bolt connection, internal locking device being set on the inside of screw rod outer to be precisely controlled and adjust between built-in concrete Between the steel plate of side it is interior away from.Completed after concreting and after solidification, pretightning force is applied to split bolt, formed to concrete Sidewise restraint effect, and then improve the design strength of concrete.Due to the wave character that corrugated sheet steel has in itself so that wavestrip Vertically arranged corrugated sheet steel can effectively improve its vertical compression bearing.It is beneficial to improve under vertical pressure and shearing action Buckling Loads, its be pressurized and by cut Buckling Loads compare with the plain plate of same size can be higher by several times even tens times.Waveform Steel plate is constrained by concrete again, make its be pressurized, by it is curved, cut flexing when inside bending deformation completely be subject to concrete about Beam, laterally deformation is subject to the operative constraint of split bolt again, and this two-way effect of contraction drastically increases bending for corrugated sheet Bent load and the corresponding coefficient of stability.
Compare with plain plate, be pressurized and shear-carrying capacity because corrugated sheet steel wave character in itself improves it, and Corrugated sheet steel is also improved its stability bearing capacity by the double constraints effect of concrete and split bolt, adds concrete by steel plate The pretension effect of sidewise restraint and split bolt also drastically increases the compression strength design load of concrete, these three effect shapes Combined effect into 1+1+1 more than 3.Accordingly, it can be said that corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure is an economy, efficient wall Limb structure, has the advantages that high capacity, saves material, meets the development characteristic of industrialized production and assembling building.
Additionally, when connecting two corrugated sheet steels using the mode of split bolt, bolt can be used as curtain wall panel, inner trim panels etc. The part of taking root of material, further improves the integration degree of structural system.
(2) computer controls forming method and advantage
In order to meet industrialized production and improve that corrugated sheet steel is compressing and packaging efficiency, it is proposed that full-automation production Line and corresponding computer controls forming method, by blanking system, Molding systems, stamping system, assembling system and welding system Unite five parts composition.It is the automaticity of the lifting accuracy of manufacture and production process, built-in Cutting calculation module, mould are calculated Three computing modules of module and screw locating module.
Blanking system, the blank size of component is accurately calculated according to different templates, it is considered to because plastic deformation influence is produced Raw length correction coefficient, further improves computational accuracy;Blanking system can complete the blanking and transhipment of plain plate part simultaneously.
Molding systems, using built-in mould computing module, FEM calculation module are obtained by ABAQUS secondary development The elasticity and plastic deformation distribution situation of punching course light plate are calculated, the manufacture that elastic deformation is caused is realized using iterative algorithm The feedback of error and amendment, the mould shape function of elastic deformation resilience amendment is considered so as to be calculated, and is ensured to the full extent The efficiency and precision of Making mold.
Stamping system, accurately screw number and coordinate are calculated to obtain by built-in screw locating module, efficiently complete corrugated sheet Punch forming and transhipment.
Assembling system, is integrated with magnetic machinery hand and laser alignment system, be capable of achieving plate upset, alignment and control away from; Bolt mount system is integrated with, the related data exported using screw alignment system, it is ensured that the precision and efficiency of installation bolt.
Welding system is integrated with scanning manipulator and automatic welding gun, coordinates magnetic machinery hand to efficiently accomplish the upset of plate And two-sided welding, and then realize the automated production of overall process.
This computer controls forming method, is suitable for the change of many waveform patterns of corrugated sheet steel and many sizes, is capable of achieving Accurate compressing, the automatic assembling shaping of steel plate and lateral column weld job etc., whole operation process is completely by computer controls And completed on automatic production line.This makes standardization and batch production, cost-effective and raising life to realizing corrugated sheet steel Efficiency is produced, to promoting industrialized production and development assembled architecture significant.
Brief description of the drawings
Of the invention above-mentioned and/or additional aspect and advantage will become from description of the accompanying drawings below to embodiment is combined Substantially and be readily appreciated that, wherein:
Fig. 1-1 is the structure layout pattern schematic diagram of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure:Arranged using yi word pattern.
Fig. 1-2 is the structure layout pattern schematic diagram of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure:Arranged using L-type.
Fig. 1-3 is the structure layout pattern schematic diagram of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure:Using T-shaped arrangement.
Fig. 1-4 is the structure layout pattern schematic diagram of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure:Arranged using Z-shaped.
Fig. 1-5 is the structure layout pattern schematic diagram of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure:Using cross arrangement.
Fig. 2-1 is the plate pattern schematic diagram of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure:Using ladder twists and turns pattern.
Fig. 2-2 is the plate pattern schematic diagram of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure:Using square wave fold-type formula.
Fig. 2-3 is the plate pattern schematic diagram of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure:Using triangular wave fold-type formula.
Fig. 2-4 is the plate pattern schematic diagram of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure:Using wave pattern.
Fig. 3-1 is the side column pattern schematic diagram of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure:Using square steel tube pattern.
Fig. 3-2 is the side column pattern schematic diagram of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure:Using H profile steel pattern.
Fig. 3-3 is the side column pattern schematic diagram of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure:Using U-steel pattern.
Fig. 4 is setback steel plate elevation in corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure.
Fig. 5-1 is corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure bolt connection form schematic diagram:Shape is connected using cucurbit type hole Formula.
Fig. 5-2 is corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure bolt connection form schematic diagram:Shape is connected using key type hole Formula.
Fig. 5-3 is corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure bolt connection form schematic diagram:Shape is connected using expansion self-locking Formula.
Fig. 5-4 is corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure bolt connection form schematic diagram:Shape is connected using high-strength bolt Formula.
The step of Fig. 6 is computer controls forming method block diagram.
The step of Fig. 7-1 is computing module block diagram:Module one:Cutting calculation module.
The step of Fig. 7-2 is computing module block diagram:Module two:Mould computing module.
The step of Fig. 7-3 is computing module block diagram:Module three:Screw locating module.
Fig. 8-1 compares figure for corrugated sheet steel with the stress performance of plain plate:By the comparing of flechette buckling stress.
Fig. 8-2 compares figure for corrugated sheet steel with the stress performance of plain plate:The comparing of compression elastic buckling stress.
Fig. 8-3 compares figure for corrugated sheet steel with the stress performance of plain plate:The comparing of out-of plane bending cylinder rigidity.
Fig. 9-1 is the elastoplasticity stress performance of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure and plain plate-concrete combined structure Compare:The comparing of elastoplasticity whole process analysis load-displacement curve.
Fig. 9-2 is the elastoplasticity stress performance of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure and plain plate-concrete combined structure Compare:Elastoplasticity whole process analysis von Mises stress distributions and the comparing of out-of-plane deformation distribution.
In figure:
1 --- corrugated sheet steel, wherein:1-1 --- trapezoidal pattern;1-2 --- rectangular fashion;1-3 --- triangle pattern; 1-4 --- wave pattern;
2 --- concrete;
3 --- side column, wherein:3-1 --- square steel tube pattern;3-2 --- H profile steel pattern;3-3 --- U-steel pattern;
4 --- mounting hole, wherein:4-1 --- cucurbit type hole;4-2 --- key type hole;4-3 --- circular port;
5 --- screw rod, wherein:5-1 --- cylindrical screw rod;5-2 --- the screw rod with limiting card;5-3 --- variable cross-section Screw rod;5-4 --- high-strength bolt;
6 --- limit casing, wherein:6-1 --- circular limit casing;6-2 --- expansion of metal sleeve pipe;6-3 --- it is interior Threaded sleeve;
7 --- nut;
8 --- packing ring.
Specific embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1-1~Fig. 9-2 explanation specific implementation of the patent modes.
As shown in Fig. 1-1~1-4, a kind of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure is by two pieces of symmetrically placed corrugated sheet steels 1st, concrete filled 2, two pieces of high-strength bolts of corrugated sheet steel 5 of concrete filled steel tube side column 3 and connection are constituted;
As shown in Fig. 1-1~1-4, the structure layout pattern of the corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure includes yi word pattern (Fig. 1-1), L-type (Fig. 1-2), T-shaped (Fig. 1-3), Z-type (Fig. 1-4) or cross (Fig. 1-5);
As shown in Fig. 2-1~2-4, the corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure, it is characterised in that the corrugated sheet steel 1 Including ladder twists and turns pattern 1-1, square wave fold-type formula 1-2, triangular wave fold-type 1-3 formulas or wave pattern 1-4;
As shown in Fig. 3-1~3-3, the corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure, it is characterised in that the side column 3 includes Square steel tube pattern 3-1, H profile steel pattern 3-2 or U-steel pattern 3-3;
As shown in figure 4, corrugated sheet steel-the concrete combined structure, it is characterised in that two pieces of corrugated sheet steels 1 lead to Cross and mounting hole 4 is set for screw rod 5 through to realize that its is connected in its wave trough position, the mounting hole 4 is along the uniform cloth of short transverse Put;The linked vector graph of the corrugated sheet steel 1 includes cucurbit type hole type of attachment, key type hole type of attachment, expansion self-locking connection Form or high-strength bolt type of attachment, its respective installation process are as follows:
(1) cucurbit type hole type of attachment (Fig. 5-1)
Calabash shape mounting hole 4-1 is set on corrugated sheet steel 1, and the wherein macropore of cucurbit type hole 4-1 is pacified in upper, aperture under Dress process is as follows:
Step 1-1:Cylindrical screw rod 5-1 and circle PVC limit casings 6-1 is inserted into calabash shape mounting hole 4- by macropore 1;
Step 1-2:The small bore end of calabash shape mounting hole 4-1 will be dropped down onto under cylindrical screw rod 5-1, it is spacing by circular PVC Sleeve pipe 6-1 is realized to the spacing of corrugated sheet steel 1;
Step 1-3:In cylindrical screw rod 5-1 two ends cushioning circle 8 and nut 7, tighten nut 7 to apply pretightning force.
(2) key type hole type of attachment (Fig. 5-2)
Key-type mounting hole 4-2 is set on corrugated sheet steel 1, if wherein the macropore of type hole under, aperture upper, installed Journey is as follows:
Step 2-1:Screw rod 5-2 with limiting card is inserted into key-type mounting hole 4-2, now screw rod 5-2 upper limits screens In upper end;
Step 2-2:Screw rod 5-2 with limiting card is rotated about the axis thereof 180 °, now screw rod 5-2 upper limits are positioned in down End, can be realized to the spacing of corrugated sheet steel 1 by limiting card;
Step 2-3:In screw rod 5-2 two ends cushionings circle 8 and nut 7 with limiting card, tighten nut 7 to apply pretightning force.
(3) expansion self-locking type of attachment (Fig. 5-3)
Circular mounting hole 4-3 is set on corrugated sheet steel 1, using the threaded expansion of metal sleeve pipe 6-2 in middle part and being connected in it The variable cross-section screw rod 5-3 at two ends realizes connection, and the expansion of metal sleeve pipe 6-2 two ends are provided with gap vertically, and installation process is such as Under:
Step 3-1:Expansion of metal sleeve pipe 6-2 and the variable cross-section screw rod 5-3 for being connected in its two ends are inserted into circular mounting hole 4- 3;
Step 3-2:In two ends variable cross-section screw rod 5-3 cushionings circle 8 and nut 7, nut 7 is tightened to apply pretightning force, with Screw rod 5-3's is screwed into, and screw rod 5-3 is from the side wall of Inner extrusion expansion of metal sleeve pipe 6-2, two ends of expansion of metal sleeve pipe 6-2 Section expands so as to realize to the spacing of corrugated sheet steel 1.
(4) high-strength bolt type of attachment (Fig. 5-4)
Circular mounting hole 4-3 is set on corrugated sheet steel 1, using internally threaded sleeve 6-3 and the high-strength bolt for being connected in its two ends 5-4 realizes connection, and installation process is as follows:
Step 4-1, is close to the corrugated sheet steel 1 of side, and be screwed into the high-strength bolt 5- of wherein side by internally threaded sleeve 6-3 4;
Step 4-2, another corrugated sheet steel 1 is covered, and is screwed into the high-strength bolt 5-4 of opposite side.
As shown in fig. 6, the computer controls forming method of the corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure, it is characterised in that The computer controls forming method includes blanking system, Molding systems, stamping system, assembling system and welding system, described Forming process is as follows:
(1) blanking system
Blanking system includes Cutting calculation module and blanking machine;The forming process related to blanking system is as follows:
Step 1-1:Input plate geometric parameter, including:Plate height h, two plate spacing b, vertical bolt is apart from d, trough Number n, trough width l0, wave amplitude a;
Step 1-2:Selected template, is input into corresponding template parameter;
Step 1-3:Calculated by Cutting calculation module, obtain blanking board dimensions:Width h, length s;
Step 1-4:The flat board blanking of corrugated sheet steel 1 and corrugated sheet steel 2 is completed by blanking machine.
(2) Molding systems
Molding systems include mould computing module and die molding machine;The forming process related to Molding systems is as follows:
Step 2-1:By mould computing module, mould shape function m (x) is calculated according to plate geometric parameter;
Step 2-2:By die molding machine, according to mould shape function m (x) mould.
(3) stamping system
Stamping system includes screw locating module, punching press lathe and pulley conveyance;The shaping related to stamping system Journey is as follows:
Step 3-1:By screw locating module, mounting hole number and mounting hole site are calculated according to plate geometric parameter Put coordinate;
Step 3-2:By punching press lathe, according to position of mounting hole coordinate, using mould by corrugated sheet steel 1 and corrugated sheet steel 2 punch formings;
Step 3-3:The corrugated sheet steel 1 and corrugated sheet steel 2 of shaping are transported to by assembling system by pulley conveyance.
(4) assembling system
Assembling system includes magnetic machinery hand, laser alignment system and bolt mount system;It is related to assembling system into Type process is as follows:
Step 4-1:By magnetic machinery hand, adsorb corrugated sheet steel 2 and overturn;
Step 4-2:By laser alignment system, corrugated sheet steel 1 is alignd with corrugated sheet steel 2 and ensures that parallel spacing is b;
Step 4-3:By bolt mount system, the transhipment of bolt is realized according to bolt quantity and bolt coordinate, install and Pretightning force applies;
Step 4-4:Transhipment concrete filled steel tube side column simultaneously aligns assembly with corrugated sheet steel system.
(5) welding system
Welding system includes scanning manipulator and automatic welding gun;The forming process related to welding system is as follows:
Step 5-1:By scanning the path of welding between manipulator sweep waveform steel plate and side column;
Step 5-2:Realize welding by automatic welding gun;
Step 5-3:Steel plate and side column system are adsorbed and overturn by magnetic machinery hand;
Step 5-4:Again by scanning manipulator scanning path of welding, and the weldering of another side is realized by automatic welding gun Connect, be finally completed the corrugated sheet steel system shaping with side column.
As shown in Fig. 7-1, the computer controls forming method, it is characterised in that the module one:Cutting calculation module The calculating of blank size is capable of achieving, its calculating process is as follows:
Step 1:Input plate geometric parameter, including:Plate height h, trough number n, trough width l0, wave amplitude a;
Step 2:Selection plate pattern, i.e.,:1.-ladder twists and turns;2.-rectangle setback;3.-triangle setback;4.-wave Shape;
Step 3:Its template parameter is input into according to different templates:
Step 3- is 1.:For ladder twists and turns pattern, input wave peak width l1With single hypotenuse horizontal width l2
Step 3- is 2.:For square wave fold-type formula, input wave peak width l1
Step 3- is 3.:For triangular wave fold-type formula, single hypotenuse horizontal width l is input into2
Step 3- is 4.:For wave pattern, single wave horizontal width l is input into2
Step 4:Obtained considering the plate length correction coefficient under the influence of its plasticity, the calculating of the coefficient according to different templates Using module two:The output result of mould computing module;
Step 5:Cutting length is calculated according to different templates:
Step 5- is 1.:For ladder twists and turns pattern, cutting length is calculated as follows:
Step 5- is 2.:For square wave fold-type formula, cutting length is calculated as follows:
S=α2·n(l0+l1+a)
Step 5- is 3.:For triangular wave fold-type formula, cutting length is calculated as follows:
Step 5- is 4.:For wave pattern, cutting length is calculated as follows:
Step 6:Output blank size:Blanking width h, cutting length s.
As shown in Fig. 7-2, the computer controls forming method, it is characterised in that the module two:Mould computing module The calculating of mould shape function and plate length correction coefficient is capable of achieving, its calculating process is as follows:
Step 1:|input paramete, including:Plate height h, wave amplitude a, trough number n, trough width l0
Step 2:Selected plate pattern, and its template parameter is input into according to different templates;Setting shape function error norm Limit value tol;
Step 3:According to target form factor size, generation target shape function f (x);
Step 4:If iteration variable i=0;Initialization mould shape function:
m0(x)=f (x)
Step 5:By the FEM calculation module of ABAQUS secondary development, steel plate is obtained in mould miUnder (x) effect Elastic recoil shape function Δ fi(x);
Step 6:Obtain plate length correction factor alphai
Step 7:According to following formula calculation error shape function:
ei(x)=mi(x)-Δfi(x)-f(x)
Step 8:Shape function error norm is calculated according to following formula:
Step 9:Judge shape function error norm whether less than error limit according to following formula:
||ei(x)||<tol
Step 10:If the formula in step 9 is invalid, show that error exceedes limit value, after calculating according to the following formula, return to step 5 are iterated;
I=i+1
mi+1(x)=mi(x)+Δfi(x)
Step 11:If the formula in step 9 is set up, show that error meets limit value requirement, according to the following formula output mask shape letter Number and plate length correction coefficient:
M (x)=mi(x)
α=αi
As shown in Fig. 7-3, the computer controls forming method, it is characterised in that the module three:Screw locating module The calculating of bolt sum and bolt coordinate is capable of achieving, its calculating process is as follows:
Step 1:Input plate geometric parameter, including:Plate height h, vertical bolt is apart from d, trough number n, trough width l0
Step 2:Selection plate pattern, i.e.,:1.-ladder twists and turns;2.-rectangle setback;3.-triangle setback;4.-wave Shape;
Step 3:Its template parameter is input into according to different templates:
Step 3- is 1.:For ladder twists and turns pattern, input wave peak width l1With single hypotenuse horizontal width l2
Step 3- is 2.:For square wave fold-type formula, input wave peak width l1
Step 3- is 3.:For triangular wave fold-type formula, single hypotenuse horizontal width l is input into2
Step 3- is 4.:For wave pattern, single wave horizontal width l is input into2
Step 4:Bolt coordinate is calculated according to different templates:
Step 4- is 1.:For ladder twists and turns pattern, bolt coordinate is:
Step 4- is 2.:For square wave fold-type formula, bolt coordinate is:
Step 4- is 3.:For triangular wave fold-type formula, bolt coordinate is:
Step 4- is 4.:For wave pattern, bolt coordinate is:
Step 5:Bolt sum is calculated according to following formula:
Step 6:Output parameter:Bolt coordinate (xi,j,yi,j), bolt sum nb
As shown in Fig. 8-1~8-3, the stress performance of corrugated sheet steel is significantly better than plain plate.
As shown in Fig. 8-1, by comparing the Buckling Behavior of corrugated sheet steel and plain plate under by pure shear load action, It can be found that the former is far above the latter by flechette buckling stress, especially when panel thickness is smaller;For example for a certain Typical waveform size, when panel thickness is 2mm, the former is about 75 times of the latter by flechette buckling stress.
As shown in Fig. 8-2, by comparing the elastic buckling of corrugated sheet steel and plain plate in by face under pure press loading effect Performance, it is found that the former compression elastic buckling stress is far above the latter, especially when panel thickness is smaller;For example it is right In a certain typical waveform size, when panel thickness is 2mm, the former is pressurized 110 times of elastic buckling stress about the latter.
As shown in Fig. 8-3, by comparing the stress of corrugated sheet steel and plain plate outside by face under transverse pressure load action Performance, it is found that the former out-of-plane bending cylinder rigidity is far above the latter, especially when panel thickness is smaller;This embodies The former possesses bigger Out-of Plane Stiffness when the transverse pressure load such as concreting power is born, and is obtained in that more superior Stress performance;For example for a certain typical waveform size, when panel thickness is 2mm, the former out-of-plane bending cylinder rigidity is about It is 360 times of the latter.
As shown in Fig. 9-1~9-2, the elastoplasticity stress performance of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure is better than plain plate-mixed Solidifying soil combining structure.
As shown in fig. 9-1, existed with plain plate-concrete combined structure by comparing corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure Elastoplasticity overall process load-displacement curve in concreting pressure and face under vertical pressure collective effect it can be found that the former Bearing capacity efficiency far be higher than the latter;In the case of identical panel thickness and bolt density, corrugated sheet steel-coagulation local soil type Close the structural bearing coefficient of stability and reach 0.7 or so, and it is only 0.05 that plain plate-concrete combined structure carries the coefficient of stability, two More than ten times of person's difference.
As shown in Fig. 9-2, mixed by corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure and plain plate-concrete combined structure Solidifying soil is poured outside elastoplasticity whole process analysis von Mises stress distributions and face in pressure and face under vertical pressure collective effect Deform the comparing of distribution, it is found that the former load-carrying properties are significantly better than the latter:On the one hand, the former is on whole plate VonMises stress distributions are more uniform, embodied making full use of for material, and the latter occurs stress in structural base position Concentrate and cause structure premature loss bearing capacity;On the other hand, the former out-of-plane deformation is far smaller than the latter, show the former Bear to possess bigger Out-of Plane Stiffness during the transverse pressure load such as concreting power, be obtained in that more superior stress Energy.
Other of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure according to embodiments of the present invention are constituted and operated for this area All it is known for those of ordinary skill, is not detailed herein.
In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that term " " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", " on ", D score, "front", "rear", "left", "right", " vertical ", " level ", " top ", " bottom " " interior ", " outward ", " up time The orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as pin ", " counterclockwise " are, based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, to be for only for ease of The description present invention is described with simplified, must have specific orientation, Yi Te rather than the device or element for indicating or imply meaning Fixed azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
Additionally, term " first ", " second " are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating or implying relative importance Or the implicit quantity for indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, define " first ", the feature of " second " can express or Implicitly include one or more this feature.In the description of the invention, " multiple " is meant that two or more, Unless otherwise expressly limited specifically.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " fixation " etc. Term should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, or being detachably connected, or be integrally connected;It can be machine Tool is connected, or electrically connected;Can be joined directly together, it is also possible to be indirectly connected to by intermediary, can be two units Connection inside part.For the ordinary skill in the art, can as the case may be understand above-mentioned term in this hair Concrete meaning in bright.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, fisrt feature second feature it " on " or D score The first and second feature directly contacts can be included, it is also possible to including the first and second features be not directly contact but by it Between other characterisation contact.And, fisrt feature second feature " on ", " top " and " above " include that first is special Levy directly over second feature and oblique upper, or be merely representative of fisrt feature level height higher than second feature.Fisrt feature exists Second feature " under ", " lower section " and " below " include fisrt feature directly over second feature and oblique upper, or be merely representative of Fisrt feature level height is less than second feature.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " specifically show The description of example " or " some examples " etc. means to combine specific features, structure, material or spy that the embodiment or example are described Point is contained at least one embodiment of the invention or example.In this manual, to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term not Necessarily refer to identical embodiment or example.And, the specific features of description, structure, material or feature can be any One or more embodiments or example in combine in an appropriate manner.
Although embodiments of the invention have been shown and described above, it is to be understood that above-described embodiment is example Property, it is impossible to limitation of the present invention is interpreted as, one of ordinary skill in the art is not departing from principle of the invention and objective In the case of above-described embodiment can be changed within the scope of the invention, change, replace and modification.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure, it is characterised in that the corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure is by two The symmetrically placed corrugated sheet steel of block, concrete filled, the high-strength bolt composition of two pieces of corrugated sheet steels of side column and connection, its structure Layout pattern includes yi word pattern, L-type, T-shaped, Z-type or cross;The side column includes square steel tube pattern, H profile steel pattern or groove profile Die formula;The corrugated sheet steel includes ladder twists and turns pattern, square wave fold-type formula, triangular wave fold-type formula or wave pattern;Institute State two pieces of corrugated sheet steels to be passed through for screw rod to realize that it is connected by setting mounting hole in its wave trough position, the mounting hole is along high Degree direction is evenly arranged;The linked vector graph of the corrugated sheet steel includes cucurbit type hole type of attachment, key type hole type of attachment, swollen Swollen self-locking type of attachment or high-strength bolt type of attachment.
2. according to the corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the cucurbit type hole connection Form is, sets calabash shape mounting hole on corrugated sheet steel, wherein the macropore of cucurbit type hole in upper, aperture under, installation process It is as follows:
Step 2.1, calabash shape mounting hole is inserted by cylindrical screw rod and circular limit casing by macropore;
Step 2.2, will drop down onto the small bore end of calabash shape hole under cylindrical screw rod, be realized to waveform steel by circular limit casing Plate it is spacing;
Step 2.3, in cylindrical screw rod two ends cushioning circle and nut, tightens nut to apply pretightning force.
3. according to the corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the key type hole connection Form is, sets key-type mounting hole on corrugated sheet steel, wherein the macropore of type hole under, aperture upper, installation process is as follows:
Step 3.1, key-type mounting hole is inserted by the screw rod with limiting card, and now screw rod upper limit is positioned in upper end;
Step 3.2,180 ° are rotated about the axis thereof by the screw rod with limiting card, and now screw rod upper limit is positioned in lower end, by limit Position card is capable of achieving to the spacing of corrugated sheet steel;
Step 3.3, in screw rod two ends cushioning circle and nut with limiting card, tightens nut to apply pretightning force.
4. according to the corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the expansion self-locking connection Form is that circular mounting hole is set on corrugated sheet steel, using the threaded expansion of metal sleeve pipe in middle part and being connected in its two ends Variable cross-section screw rod realizes connection, and the expansion of metal sleeve pipe two ends are provided with gap vertically, and installation process is as follows:
Step 4.1, circular mounting hole is inserted by expansion of metal sleeve pipe and the variable cross-section screw rod for being connected in its two ends;
Step 4.2, at two ends, variable cross-section screw rod cushioning circle and nut, tighten nut to apply pretightning force, with being screwed into for screw rod, , from the side wall of Inner extrusion expansion of metal sleeve pipe, the two end cross-sectionals expansions of expansion of metal sleeve pipe are so as to realize to waveform steel for screw rod Plate it is spacing.
5. according to the corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the high-strength bolt connection Form is that circular mounting hole is set on corrugated sheet steel, using internally threaded sleeve and the high-strength bolt for being connected in its two ends, is installed Journey is as follows:
Step 5.1, is close to the corrugated sheet steel of side, and be screwed into the high-strength bolt of wherein side by internally threaded sleeve;
Step 5.2, another corrugated sheet steel is covered, and is screwed into the high-strength bolt of opposite side.
6. a kind of computer controls forming method of corrugated sheet steel-concrete combined structure, it is characterised in that the computer control Forming method processed includes blanking system, Molding systems, stamping system, assembling system and welding system, and its forming process is as follows:
The blanking system of structure 6.1
Blanking system includes Cutting calculation module and blanking machine;The forming process related to blanking system is as follows:
Step 6.1.1, is input into plate geometric parameter, including:Plate height h, two plate spacing b, vertical bolt is apart from d, trough number N, trough width l0, wave amplitude a;
Step 6.1.2, selectes template, is input into corresponding template parameter;
Step 6.1.3, is calculated by Cutting calculation module, obtains blanking board dimensions:Width h, length s;
Step 6.1.4, the flat board blanking of corrugated sheet steel 1 and corrugated sheet steel 2 is completed by blanking machine.
The Molding systems of structure 6.2
Molding systems include mould computing module and die molding machine;The forming process related to Molding systems is as follows:
Step 6.2.1, by mould computing module, mould shape function m (x) is calculated according to plate geometric parameter;
Step 6.2.2, by die molding machine, according to mould shape function m (x) mould.
The stamping system of structure 6.3
Stamping system includes screw locating module, punching press lathe and pulley conveyance;The forming process related to stamping system is such as Under:
Step 6.3.1, by screw locating module, mounting hole number and position of mounting hole is calculated according to plate geometric parameter Coordinate;
Step 6.3.2, by punching press lathe, according to position of mounting hole coordinate, using mould by corrugated sheet steel 1 and corrugated sheet steel 2 Punch forming;
Step 6.3.3, assembling system is transported to by pulley conveyance by the corrugated sheet steel 1 and corrugated sheet steel 2 of shaping.
The assembling system of structure 6.4
Assembling system includes magnetic machinery hand, laser alignment system and bolt mount system;The shaping related to assembling system Journey is as follows:
Step 6.4.1, by magnetic machinery hand, adsorbs corrugated sheet steel 2 and is overturn;
Step 6.4.2, by laser alignment system, corrugated sheet steel 1 being alignd with corrugated sheet steel 2 and ensured, parallel spacing is b;
Step 6.4.3, by bolt mount system, realizes the transhipment of bolt, installs and pre- according to bolt quantity and bolt coordinate Clamp force applies;
Step 6.4.4, transports concrete filled steel tube side column and aligns assembly with corrugated sheet steel system.
The welding system of structure 6.5
Welding system includes scanning manipulator and automatic welding gun;The forming process related to welding system is as follows:
Step 6.5.1, by scanning the path of welding between manipulator sweep waveform steel plate and side column;
Step 6.5.2, realizes welding by automatic welding gun;
Step 6.5.3, is adsorbed and is overturn by magnetic machinery hand to steel plate and side column system;
Step 6.5.4, again by scanning manipulator scanning path of welding, and realizes the welding of another side by automatic welding gun, It is finally completed the corrugated sheet steel system shaping with side column.
7. according to the computer controls forming method described in claim 6, it is characterised in that entered using the Cutting calculation module The calculating of row blank size, its calculating process is as follows:
Step 7.1, is input into plate geometric parameter, including:Plate height h, trough number n, trough width l0, wave amplitude a;
Step 7.2, selects plate pattern, i.e.,:1.-ladder twists and turns;2.-rectangle setback;3.-triangle setback;4.-waveform;
Step 7.3, its template parameter is input into according to different templates:
Step 7.3.1, for ladder twists and turns pattern, input wave peak width l1With single hypotenuse horizontal width l2
Step 7.3.2, for square wave fold-type formula, input wave peak width l1
Step 7.3.3, for triangular wave fold-type formula, is input into single hypotenuse horizontal width l2
Step 7.3.4, for wave pattern, is input into single wave horizontal width l2
Step 7.4, obtains considering the plate length correction coefficient under the influence of its plasticity, the calculating of the coefficient is adopted according to different templates With the output result of mould computing module;
Step 7.5, cutting length is calculated according to different templates:
Step 7.5.1, for ladder twists and turns pattern, cutting length is calculated as follows:
s = &alpha; 1 &CenterDot; n ( l 0 + l 1 + a 2 + l 2 2 )
Step 7.5.2, for square wave fold-type formula, cutting length is calculated as follows:
S=α2·n(l0+l1+a)
Step 7.5.3, for triangular wave fold-type formula, cutting length is calculated as follows:
s = &alpha; 3 &CenterDot; n ( l 0 + a 2 + l 2 2 )
Step 7.5.4, for wave pattern, cutting length is calculated as follows:
s = &alpha; 4 &CenterDot; n ( l 0 + 2 &Integral; 0 l 2 1 + y &prime; 2 &CenterDot; d x )
y = a s i n &pi; x 2 l 2
Step 7.6, exports blank size:Blanking width h, cutting length s.
8. according to the computer controls forming method described in claim 6, it is characterised in that entered using the mould computing module The calculating of row mould shape function and plate length correction coefficient, its calculating process is as follows:
Step 8.1, |input paramete, including:Plate height h, wave amplitude a, trough number n, trough width l0
Step 8.2, selectes plate pattern, and be input into its template parameter according to different templates;Setting shape function error norm limit Value tol;
Step 8.3, according to target form factor size, generation target shape function f (x);
Step 8.4, if iteration variable i=0;Initialization mould shape function:
m0(x)=f (x)
Step 8.5, by the FEM calculation module of ABAQUS secondary development, obtains steel plate in mould miElasticity under (x) effect Resilience shape function Δ fi(x);
Step 8.6, obtains plate length correction factor alphai
Step 8.7, according to following formula calculation error shape function:
ei(x)=mi(x)-Δfi(x)-f(x)
Step 8.8, shape function error norm is calculated according to following formula:
| | e i ( x ) | | = &Integral; L e i 2 ( x ) &CenterDot; d x
Whether step 8.9, judge shape function error norm less than error limit according to following formula:
||ei(x)||<tol
Step 8.10, if the formula in step 8.9 is invalid, shows that error exceedes limit value, after calculating according to the following formula, returns to step 8.5 are iterated;
I=i+1
mi+1(x)=mi(x)+Δfi(x)
Step 8.11:If the formula in step 8.9 is set up, show that error meets limit value requirement, according to the following formula output mask shape letter Number and plate length correction coefficient:
M (x)=mi(x)
α=αi
9. according to the computer controls forming method described in claim 6, it is characterised in that entered using the screw locating module The calculating of row bolt sum and bolt coordinate, its calculating process is as follows:
Step 9.1, is input into plate geometric parameter, including:Plate height h, vertical bolt is apart from d, trough number n, trough width l0
Step 9.2, selects plate pattern, i.e.,:1.-ladder twists and turns;2.-rectangle setback;3.-triangle setback;4.-waveform;
Step 9.3, its template parameter is input into according to different templates:
Step 9.3.1, for ladder twists and turns pattern, input wave peak width l1With single hypotenuse horizontal width l2
Step 9.3.2, for square wave fold-type formula, input wave peak width l1
Step 9.3.3, for triangular wave fold-type formula, is input into single hypotenuse horizontal width l2
Step 9.3.4, for wave pattern, is input into single wave horizontal width l2
Step 9.4, bolt coordinate is calculated according to different templates:
Step 9.4.1, for ladder twists and turns pattern, bolt coordinate is:
( x i , j , y i , j ) = ( l 0 2 + l 1 + l 2 + i &CenterDot; ( l 0 + l 1 + 2 l 2 ) , j &CenterDot; d ) ; i = 0 , 1 , ... , n - 1 ; j = 1 , 2 , ... , h d - 1
Step 9.4.2, for square wave fold-type formula, bolt coordinate is:
( x i , j , y i , j ) = ( l 0 2 + l 1 + i &CenterDot; ( l 0 + l 1 ) , j &CenterDot; d ) ; i = 0 , 1 , ... , n - 1 ; j = 1 , 2 , ... , h d - 1
Step 9.4.3, for triangular wave fold-type formula, bolt coordinate is:
( x i , j , y i , j ) = ( l 0 2 + l 2 + i &CenterDot; ( l 0 + 2 l 2 ) , j &CenterDot; d ) ; i = 0 , 1 , ... , n - 1 ; j = 1 , 2 , ... , h d - 1
Step 9.4.4, for wave pattern, bolt coordinate is:
( x i , j , y i , j ) = ( l 0 2 + l 2 + i &CenterDot; ( l 0 + 2 l 2 ) , j &CenterDot; d ) ; i = 0 , 1 , ... , n - 1 ; j = 1 , 2 , ... , h d - 1
Step 9.5, bolt sum is calculated according to following formula:
n b = ( h d - 1 ) &CenterDot; n
Step 9.6, output parameter:Bolt coordinate (xI, j,yi,j), bolt sum nb
CN201611142294.7A 2016-12-12 2016-12-12 A kind of corrugated sheet steel concrete combined structure and its computer controls forming method Pending CN106844834A (en)

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CN109403541A (en) * 2017-08-16 2019-03-01 宁波金凤焊割机械制造有限公司 A kind of assemble method of corrugated plating building element
CN112726879A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-04-30 同济大学 Corrugated steel plate composite wall structure system and design method thereof
CN113360969A (en) * 2021-05-10 2021-09-07 中国铁路设计集团有限公司 High-strength bolt rapid design method for steel truss girder rod piece

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