CN106835979A - A kind of detachable steel bridge deck - Google Patents

A kind of detachable steel bridge deck Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106835979A
CN106835979A CN201710213977.5A CN201710213977A CN106835979A CN 106835979 A CN106835979 A CN 106835979A CN 201710213977 A CN201710213977 A CN 201710213977A CN 106835979 A CN106835979 A CN 106835979A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
longitudinal rib
rib
bridge deck
steel bridge
detachable
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CN201710213977.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106835979B (en
Inventor
张清华
刘益铭
李俊
罗鹏军
崔闯
黄云
程震宇
贾东林
刘欣益
卜之
卜一之
韩少辉
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Southwest Jiaotong University
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Southwest Jiaotong University
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Priority to CN201710213977.5A priority Critical patent/CN106835979B/en
Publication of CN106835979A publication Critical patent/CN106835979A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106835979B publication Critical patent/CN106835979B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D19/00Structural or constructional details of bridges
    • E01D19/12Grating or flooring for bridges; Fastening railway sleepers or tracks to bridges
    • E01D19/125Grating or flooring for bridges

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of detachable steel bridge deck, including steel bridge deck body, the surrounding of the steel bridge deck body is provided with link bolt hole, and the bottom of the steel bridge deck body is additionally provided with fixed bolt hole.The detachable steel bridge deck is not only convenient for realizing that batch production is prefabricated, to obtain high-quality floorings under good manufacturing condition;Meanwhile, this detachable steel bridge deck has preferable convertibility, so, can not only accelerate road resume speed, meanwhile, it is easy to the detachable steel bridge deck to being destroyed under the conditions of preferably maintenance to repair, to improve materials unilization rate.

Description

A kind of detachable steel bridge deck
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of bridge engineering, more particularly to a kind of detachable steel bridge deck.
Background technology
Orthotropic Steel Bridge Deck is usually to be welded to bear extraneous lotus jointly by longitudinal rib, tabula (rib) plate and top board The bridge deck structure of load, has the advantages that lightweight, high capacity, short construction period, in Longspan Bridge, landscape bridge and municipal administration It is widely applied in the structures such as bridge.
But the complex structure of Orthotropic Steel Bridge Deck, weld seam is more, processing and manufacturing technology is limited, traffic loading surpasses Under the composite factors such as load, its fatigue problem is caused to protrude, research shows that tired damageable zone is concentrated mainly on top board-longitudinal rib weldering At the welding details such as seam, longitudinal rib-tabula (rib) plate welding seams, top board-longitudinal rib-tabula (rib) plate welding seams;Orthotropic Steel Bridge Deck After fatigue cracking, for the performance and quantity of operation that ensure structure need to carry out local stiffening, the requirement of field-hardened condition of work It is high, implement more difficult, high cost and be difficult to obtain preferable consolidation effect.Meanwhile, when Orthotropic Steel Bridge Deck is reinforced New fatigue failure can be introduced, there is the risk for continuing fatigue cracking, increase overall life cycle cost.When because of orthotropic plate Panel local damage and, it is necessary to remove reconstruction in the case of leading to not meet the normal use of bridge, not only need to suspend traffic, And the effect of girder steel remaining part is not given full play to, it is serious to hinder science of bridge building high-performance designs and sustainable development.
Following Orthotropic Steel Bridge Deck novel structure form, advanced processing and manufacturing technology and high performance material draw Enter, can effectively improve its fatigue behaviour, but the general of sustainable development cannot not be met to building and built bridge improves Read.At this stage, according to national supply side reform policy, steel bridge will obtain further genralrlization application, conventional orthogonal opposite sex Steel Bridge Deck Plate has been difficult to meet and has required, and thoroughly the new deck structrue of relieving fatigue problem waits research, how big in the stage The use for pushing wide steel bridge has become extremely urgent problem.
The content of the invention
For steel bridge in the prior art set forth above in further genralrlization application process, conventional orthogonal opposite sex Steel Bridge Deck Plate has been difficult to meet and has required, and thoroughly the new deck structrue of relieving fatigue problem waits research, how big in the stage The use for pushing wide steel bridge has become extremely urgent problem, and the invention provides a kind of detachable steel bridge deck, this can Detachable steel bridge deck is not only convenient for realizing that batch production is prefabricated, to obtain high-quality floorings under good manufacturing condition; Meanwhile, this detachable steel bridge deck has preferable convertibility, so, can not only accelerate road resume speed, together When, it is easy to the detachable steel bridge deck to being destroyed under the conditions of preferably maintenance to repair, to improve materials unilization rate.
A kind of detachable steel bridge deck that the present invention is provided is by following technical essential come solve problem:It is a kind of detachable Formula steel bridge deck, including steel bridge deck body, the surrounding of the steel bridge deck body are provided with link bolt hole, the steel bridge The bottom of panel body is additionally provided with fixed bolt hole.
Specifically, upper strata of the detachable steel bridge deck as bridge, the lower floor of bridge can be using traditional girder steel etc. Component, in actual use, the detachable steel bridge deck is consumable accessory.In the top of steel bridge deck body, ring is set Oxygen retinasphal or plain asphalt etc. constitute bridge.In the prior art, when steel bridge deck body is damaged, for the benefit of travel Security and comfortableness, generally require carries out local route repair or integral replacing to steel bridge deck body.In above work progress, deposit Structure problem big in difficulty of construction, construction quality is difficult to ensure that, construction cost is high, blocking traffic events are long, introducing is new etc..
In above structure, steel bridge deck body is set to surrounding link bolt hole, so, in bridge construction process In, being rigidly connected for adjacent detachable steel bridge deck, the i.e. process of construction of bridge can be realized by above link bolt hole In, the upper strata of bridge can be completed by submodule splicing.So, separated with combination beam in the damageable zone for realizing bridge and separated In the case of, it is easy to for bridge frangible portions to be summarized as an independent stress system, so as to the fatigue study to whole girder steel The research to tired rapid wear stress system can be converted into, the research to tired rapid wear stress system can be converted into single detachable The research of formula steel bridge deck submodule, research purpose definitely, more conducively to the optimization design of bridge upper strata steel frame, with Improve or solve the problems, such as Orthotropic Steel Bridge Deck fatigue cracking;It is single due to mutually being constrained between detachable steel bridge deck Individual detachable steel bridge deck has good positional stability on bridge;Meanwhile, the above has constrained bridge each other Beam upper strata, when being connected with bridge lower floor, single detachable steel bridge deck need not be excessive with the bonding strength of lower floor, passes through All connected detachable steel bridge decks and the synthesis of bridge lower floor bonding strength, can also realize between bridge upper strata and lower floor Be reliably connected.
The fixed bolt hole of arrangement above is used for steel frame and bridge lower floor and realizes bolt connection, so, not only steel bridge Panel body on bridge lower floor steel construction positional stability more preferably, while be easy to implement steel bridge deck body and bridge lower floor it Between tear open, unload.
Meanwhile, in above scheme, the detachable steel bridge deck on bridge upper strata is constituted due to individuality can be stood alone as, this Sample, above individuality can be manufactured in the factory, to obtain high-quality detachable Steel Bridge Deck under the good manufacturing condition of factory Plate;Due to being to be detachably connected form between the individual and upper strata of bridge so that this steel frame has preferably can be more It is transsexual, so, in bridge pavement Local Damaged, undamaged portion can be carried out using the detachable steel bridge deck of shaping individuality Replace, so, can not only accelerate road resume speed, meanwhile, the injured individual for changing can by transporting back to factory, The detachable steel bridge deck being destroyed is repaired under the conditions of preferably maintenance, is repaiied with improving materials unilization rate and raising Compound body amount.
Further technical scheme is:
Used as the specific implementation of steel bridge deck body, the steel bridge deck body includes top board, longitudinal rib and cross rib, institute Stating longitudinal rib has a plurality of, is parallel to each other between longitudinal rib, and the top of longitudinal rib is fixedly connected with top board;
The cross rib is mutually perpendicular to longitudinal rib, and cross rib is fixedly connected with each longitudinal rib, and the lower end position of cross rib is less than longitudinal rib Lower end position;
The fixed bolt hole is arranged at the bottom of cross rib;
The surrounding of the top board, the two ends of longitudinal rib, the two ends of cross rib are provided with link bolt hole.
In this programme, the connecting portion that the lower end of cross rib is connected as steel frame with bridge lower floor, the above is by top board Surrounding, the two ends of longitudinal rib, the two ends of cross rib are provided with the scheme of link bolt hole, are capable of achieving adjacent detachable steel bridge deck Connection, the connection between longitudinal rib and longitudinal rib, the company between cross rib and cross rib between the top board and top board of middle steel bridge deck body Connect, so, the reliability connected between adjacent detachable steel bridge deck can be effectively improved.
To realize being reliably connected for steel bridge deck body and bridge lower floor steel construction, as a kind of technical side being easily achieved Case, the both sides of the cross rib bottom are provided with base plate, and fixed bolt hole is provided with the base plate.Not only may be used with upper plate As connector, at the same time as the reinforcing plate of cross rib.
Due to realize that the high intensity between adjacent detachable steel bridge deck is connected, adjacent detachable steel bridge can be used The adjacent part of panel is rigidly connected, and in order to ensure that the horizontal and vertical edge of top board is respectively provided with preferable rigidity, preferably sets Be set to the end edge of longitudinal rib flushed with the edge of top board, ceiling edge reserve link bolt hole when, as far as possible cause be in Outermost longitudinal rib near the edge of top board, while so that with enough operating spaces wearing connection in link bolt hole Bolt.In the case where above-mentioned situation is met, for ease of penetrating connecting bolt in the link bolt hole to ceiling edge, set For:The longitudinal rib includes the first longitudinal rib and the second longitudinal rib, the U-shaped profile of first longitudinal rib, the horizontal stroke of second longitudinal rib Section is in the form of sheets;
Along the length direction of cross rib, first longitudinal rib and last longitudinal rib are the second longitudinal rib, first longitudinal rib Between the second longitudinal rib.First longitudinal rib of above U-shaped profile is U-shaped rib, and the design feature of the longitudinal rib of the above first can So that it is in the case of lighter in weight, with preferable rigidity;Because the longitudinal rib on the downside of top board is arranged in parallel in a row, the above Second longitudinal rib is the longitudinal rib of starting point and destination county in the row of the above one, and the design feature of the longitudinal rib of the above second causes it to top board Projection occupied area it is small, so, the design feature of the longitudinal rib of the above second may be such that it to play reinforcing top board longitudinal direction firm In the case of degree, do not influence the connection in detachable steel bridge deck transverse direction or on worn in transverse direction during connecting bolt influence compared with It is small.
Due to needing to set link bolt hole in the end of the first longitudinal rib, bolt is worn for convenience, first longitudinal rib Two ends are provided with hand hole.So, when above hand hole is located at the bottom surface of the first longitudinal rib, link bolt hole can be arranged on first The side of longitudinal rib, above hand hole be located at the first longitudinal rib any side when, link bolt hole can be arranged on the first longitudinal rib Opposite side and bottom.
The first longitudinal rib groove and the second longitudinal rib groove, profile and first longitudinal rib of the first longitudinal rib groove are provided with the cross rib Shape of cross section match, and the quantity of the first longitudinal rib groove is equal with the quantity of the first longitudinal rib, in each first longitudinal rib groove in First longitudinal rib is embedded with, solder design is passed through between first longitudinal rib and cross rib;
The profile of the second longitudinal rib groove matches with the shape of cross section of the second longitudinal rib, and the quantity of the second longitudinal rib groove with The quantity of the second longitudinal rib is equal, second longitudinal rib is embedded with each second longitudinal rib groove, between second longitudinal rib and cross rib By solder design.
In above scheme, the cross sectional shape matches and may be configured as the consistent, size of the first longitudinal rib groove than the first longitudinal rib Cross sectional dimensions is bigger, the second longitudinal rib groove size is more bigger than the cross-sectional dimension of the second longitudinal rib, so, be easy to will correspondence it is vertical After rib is embedded into correspondence longitudinal rib groove, attachment weld more long is obtained, so, the not only positioning beneficial to longitudinal rib on cross rib, together When the reliability that is welded to connect beneficial to longitudinal rib and cross rib.
Adjacent detachable steel bridge deck can be interlocked by upper and lower, and the left and right plan of establishment staggeredly is adjacent to realize Detachable steel bridge deck between be directly connected to, but above connected mode is not easy to determine that each detachable steel bridge deck exists Position on the steel member of bridge bottom, therefore, also including connecting plate, the connecting plate is used as in two neighboring steel bridge deck body Between connector, realize the bolt connection between two neighboring steel bridge deck body.The connecting plate is used as adjacent detachable Intermediate connector between steel bridge deck, such as using the platy structure for being provided with bolt hole, so, in detachable steel bridge deck After being connected with bridge bottom steel member, by described connecting plate, you can realize two spiral shells of detachable steel bridge deck of correspondence Tether and connect.
Although the detachable steel bridge deck that this case is provided can be as the individuality on composition bridge upper strata, by the connecting plate Can cause that each individuality is linked to be an entirety, to obtain more preferable stress system.But due to can not definitely accomplish detachable steel Floorings are identical with the mechanical property of connecting plate or closely, therefore vehicle is travelled to the beaer of this steel frame composition It is inconsistent with deformation at detachable steel bridge deck at connecting plate when on system, so, easily cause by with upper junction plate with There is connection between pave-load layer on the upside of the steel construction stress system and steel construction stress system of detachable steel bridge deck formation Problem, such as pave-load layer are peeled off, produce Relative sliding, and the appearance of problem above is easily caused road surface and occurs local defect too early. To avoid or alleviating case above, the side of the connecting plate is additionally provided with breach, and the width maximum point of the breach is located at and lacks Between the bottom and openend of mouth.When pave-load layer is laid, the slurry of pave-load layer can be poured into breach above breach, so, be filled The slurry for entering breach can in these cases provide shearing, beneficial to protection pave-load layer and connecting plate between, pave-load layer with it is detachable The reliability connected between formula steel bridge deck.
The invention has the advantages that:
In above structure, steel bridge deck body is set to surrounding link bolt hole, so, in bridge construction process In, being rigidly connected for adjacent detachable steel bridge deck, the i.e. process of construction of bridge can be realized by above link bolt hole In, the upper strata of bridge can be completed by submodule splicing.So, separated with combination beam in the damageable zone for realizing bridge and separated In the case of, it is easy to for bridge frangible portions to be summarized as an independent stress system, so as to the fatigue study to whole girder steel The research to tired rapid wear stress system can be converted into, the research to tired rapid wear stress system can be converted into single detachable The research of formula steel bridge deck submodule, research purpose definitely, more conducively to the optimization design of bridge upper strata steel frame, with Improve or solve the problems, such as Orthotropic Steel Bridge Deck fatigue cracking;It is single due to mutually being constrained between detachable steel bridge deck Individual detachable steel bridge deck has good positional stability on bridge;Meanwhile, the above has constrained bridge each other Beam upper strata, when being connected with bridge lower floor, single detachable steel bridge deck need not be excessive with the bonding strength of lower floor, passes through All connected detachable steel bridge decks and the synthesis of bridge lower floor bonding strength, can also realize between bridge upper strata and lower floor Be reliably connected.
The fixed bolt hole of arrangement above is used for steel frame and bridge lower floor and realizes bolt connection, so, not only steel bridge Panel body on bridge lower floor steel construction positional stability more preferably, while be easy to implement steel bridge deck body and bridge lower floor it Between tear open, unload.
Meanwhile, in above scheme, the detachable steel bridge deck on bridge upper strata is constituted due to individuality can be stood alone as, this Sample, above individuality can be manufactured in the factory, to obtain high-quality detachable Steel Bridge Deck under the good manufacturing condition of factory Plate;Due to being to be detachably connected form between the individual and upper strata of bridge so that this steel frame has preferably can be more It is transsexual, so, in bridge pavement Local Damaged, undamaged portion can be carried out using the detachable steel bridge deck of shaping individuality Replace, so, can not only accelerate road resume speed, meanwhile, the injured individual for changing can by transporting back to factory, The detachable steel bridge deck being destroyed is repaired under the conditions of preferably maintenance, is repaiied with improving materials unilization rate and raising Compound body amount.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is one structural representation of specific embodiment of a kind of detachable steel bridge deck of the present invention;
During Fig. 2 is one specific embodiment of a kind of detachable steel bridge deck of the present invention, the structure of the first longitudinal rib Schematic diagram;
During Fig. 3 is one specific embodiment of a kind of detachable steel bridge deck of the present invention, the structure of the second longitudinal rib Schematic diagram;
During Fig. 4 is one specific embodiment of a kind of detachable steel bridge deck of the present invention, the structural representation of cross rib Figure;
Fig. 5 is that one specific embodiment of a kind of detachable steel bridge deck of the present invention is mutually combined the bridge for obtaining The partial schematic diagram on upper strata.
Numbering in figure is followed successively by:1st, fixed bolt hole, 2, top board, 3, connecting plate, 4, cross rib, the 41, first longitudinal rib groove, 42nd, the second longitudinal rib groove, 5, link bolt hole, the 6, first longitudinal rib, 61, hand hole, the 7, second longitudinal rib, 8, breach.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but structure of the invention be not limited only to it is following Embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, a kind of detachable steel bridge deck, including steel bridge deck body, the steel bridge deck body Surrounding be provided with link bolt hole 5, the bottom of the steel bridge deck body is additionally provided with fixed bolt hole 1.
Specifically, upper strata of the detachable steel bridge deck as bridge, the lower floor of bridge can be using traditional girder steel etc. Component, in actual use, the detachable steel bridge deck is consumable accessory.In the top of steel bridge deck body, ring is set Oxygen retinasphal or plain asphalt etc. constitute bridge.In the prior art, when steel bridge deck body is damaged, for the benefit of travel Security and comfortableness, generally require carries out local route repair or integral replacing to steel bridge deck body.In above work progress, deposit Structure problem big in difficulty of construction, construction quality is difficult to ensure that, construction cost is high, blocking traffic events are long, introducing is new etc..
In above structure, steel bridge deck body is set to surrounding link bolt hole 5, so, in bridge construction process In, being rigidly connected for adjacent detachable steel bridge deck, the i.e. construction of bridge can be realized by above link bolt hole 5 Cheng Zhong, the upper strata of bridge can be completed by submodule splicing.So, the damageable zone for realizing bridge separated with combination beam every In the case of opening, it is easy to for bridge frangible portions to be summarized as an independent stress system, so as to the fatigue to whole girder steel is ground Study carefully the research that can be converted into tired rapid wear stress system, the research to tired rapid wear stress system can be converted into single removable Unload the research of formula steel bridge deck submodule, research purpose definitely, more conducively to the optimization design of bridge upper strata steel frame, To improve or solve the problems, such as Orthotropic Steel Bridge Deck fatigue cracking;Due to mutually being constrained between detachable steel bridge deck, Single detachable steel bridge deck has good positional stability on bridge;Meanwhile, the above has constrained each other Bridge upper strata, when being connected with bridge lower floor, single detachable steel bridge deck need not be excessive with the bonding strength of lower floor, leads to Cross the synthesis of all connected detachable steel bridge decks and bridge lower floor bonding strength, can also realize bridge upper strata and lower floor it Between be reliably connected.
The fixed bolt hole 1 of arrangement above is used for steel frame and bridge lower floor and realizes bolt connection, so, not only steel bridge Panel body on bridge lower floor steel construction positional stability more preferably, while be easy to implement steel bridge deck body and bridge lower floor it Between tear open, unload.
Meanwhile, in above scheme, the detachable steel bridge deck on bridge upper strata is constituted due to individuality can be stood alone as, this Sample, above individuality can be manufactured in the factory, to obtain high-quality detachable Steel Bridge Deck under the good manufacturing condition of factory Plate;Due to being to be detachably connected form between the individual and upper strata of bridge so that this steel frame has preferably can be more It is transsexual, so, in bridge pavement Local Damaged, undamaged portion can be carried out using the detachable steel bridge deck of shaping individuality Replace, so, can not only accelerate road resume speed, meanwhile, the injured individual for changing can by transporting back to factory, The detachable steel bridge deck being destroyed is repaired under the conditions of preferably maintenance, is repaiied with improving materials unilization rate and raising Compound body amount.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, the present embodiment is further qualified on the basis of embodiment 1:As steel bridge deck body Specific implementation, the steel bridge deck body include top board 2, longitudinal rib and cross rib 4, the longitudinal rib has a plurality of, between longitudinal rib It is parallel to each other, the top of longitudinal rib is fixedly connected with top board 2;
The cross rib 4 is mutually perpendicular to longitudinal rib, and cross rib 4 is fixedly connected with each longitudinal rib, and the lower end position of cross rib 4 is less than vertical The lower end position of rib;
The fixed bolt hole 1 is arranged at the bottom of cross rib 4;
The surrounding of the top board 2, the two ends of longitudinal rib, the two ends of cross rib 4 are provided with link bolt hole 5.
In this programme, the connecting portion that the lower end of cross rib 4 is connected as steel frame with bridge lower floor, the above is by top board 2 Surrounding, the two ends of longitudinal rib, the two ends of cross rib 4 be provided with the scheme of link bolt hole 5, be capable of achieving adjacent detachable steel bridge Connection in panel between the top board 2 and top board 2 of steel bridge deck body, the connection between longitudinal rib and longitudinal rib, cross rib 4 and cross rib 4 Between connection, so, the reliability connected between adjacent detachable steel bridge deck can be effectively improved.
To realize being reliably connected for steel bridge deck body and bridge lower floor steel construction, as a kind of technical side being easily achieved Case, the both sides of the bottom of the cross rib 4 are provided with base plate, and fixed bolt hole 1 is provided with the base plate.Above cross rib 4 can Manufactured using T-steel.
Due to realize that the high intensity between adjacent detachable steel bridge deck is connected, adjacent detachable steel bridge can be used The adjacent part of panel is rigidly connected, and in order to ensure that the horizontal and vertical edge of top board 2 is respectively provided with preferable rigidity, preferably sets The end edge for being set to longitudinal rib flushes with the edge of top board 2, when link bolt hole 5 is reserved at the edge of top board 2, place is caused as far as possible In outermost longitudinal rib near the edge of top board 2, while so that being worn with link bolt hole 5 with enough operating spaces Connecting bolt.In the case where above-mentioned situation is met, for ease of to penetrating connecting bolt in the link bolt hole 5 at the edge of top board 2, It is set to:The longitudinal rib include the first longitudinal rib 6 and the second longitudinal rib 7, the U-shaped profile of first longitudinal rib 6, described second indulge The cross section of rib 7 is in the form of sheets;
Along the length direction of cross rib 4, first longitudinal rib and last longitudinal rib are the second longitudinal rib 7, and described first indulges Rib 6 is located between the second longitudinal rib 7.First longitudinal rib 6 of above U-shaped profile is U-shaped rib, the structure of the first longitudinal rib of the above 6 Feature may be such that it in the case of lighter in weight, with preferable rigidity;Because the longitudinal rib of the downside of top board 2 is arranged in parallel into one Row, the second longitudinal rib of the above 7 is the longitudinal rib of starting point and destination county in a row above, and the design feature of the second longitudinal rib of the above 7 makes Obtain it small to the projection occupied area of top board 2, so, the design feature of the second longitudinal rib of the above 7 may be such that it is playing reinforcing top In the case of the longitudinal direction rigidity of plate 2, connection in detachable steel bridge deck transverse direction is not influenceed or to wearing connection in transverse direction Influenceed during bolt smaller.
Due to needing to set link bolt hole 5 in the end of the first longitudinal rib 6, bolt, first longitudinal rib 6 are worn for convenience Two ends be provided with hand hole 61.So, when above hand hole 61 is located at the bottom surface of the first longitudinal rib 6, link bolt hole 5 can be set Put the side of the first longitudinal rib 6, above hand hole 61 be located at the first longitudinal rib 6 any side when, link bolt hole 5 can be set Opposite side and bottom in the first longitudinal rib 6.
Be provided with the first longitudinal rib groove 41 and the second longitudinal rib groove 42 on the cross rib 4, the profile of the first longitudinal rib groove 41 with The shape of cross section of the first longitudinal rib 6 matches, and the quantity of the first longitudinal rib groove 41 is equal with the quantity of the first longitudinal rib 6, and each first First longitudinal rib 6 is embedded with longitudinal rib groove 41, solder design is passed through between first longitudinal rib 6 and cross rib 4;
The profile of the second longitudinal rib groove 42 matches with the shape of cross section of the second longitudinal rib 7, and the second longitudinal rib groove 42 Quantity is equal with the quantity of the second longitudinal rib 7, and second longitudinal rib 7, second longitudinal rib 7 are embedded with each second longitudinal rib groove 42 Pass through solder design between cross rib 4.
In above scheme, the cross sectional shape matches and may be configured as the size of consistent, the first longitudinal rib groove 41 and indulged than first The cross sectional dimensions of rib 6 is bigger, the second longitudinal rib groove 42 size is more bigger than the cross-sectional dimension of the second longitudinal rib 7, so, be easy to by After correspondence longitudinal rib is embedded into correspondence longitudinal rib groove, attachment weld more long is obtained, so, not only beneficial to longitudinal rib on cross rib 4 Positioning, while the reliability being welded to connect beneficial to longitudinal rib and cross rib 4.
Embodiment 3:
The present embodiment this case is made on the basis of any one technical scheme that any of the above one embodiment is provided into One step is limited, and as shown in Figures 1 to 5, adjacent detachable steel bridge deck can be interlocked by upper and lower, left and right setting staggeredly Scheme, to realize being directly connected between adjacent detachable steel bridge deck, but above connected mode is not easy to determine respectively may be used Position of the detachable steel bridge deck on the steel member of bridge bottom, therefore, also including connecting plate 3, the connecting plate 3 is used as adjacent two The intermediate connector of individual steel bridge deck body, realizes the bolt connection between two neighboring steel bridge deck body.The connecting plate 3 As the intermediate connector between adjacent detachable steel bridge deck, such as using the platy structure for being provided with bolt hole, so, After detachable steel bridge deck is connected with bridge bottom steel member, by described connecting plate 3, you can realize that correspondence two can The bolt connection of detachable steel bridge deck.
Although the detachable steel bridge deck that this case is provided can be as the individuality on composition bridge upper strata, by the connecting plate 3 can cause that each individuality is linked to be an entirety, to obtain more preferable stress system.But due to can not definitely accomplish detachable steel Floorings are identical with the mechanical property of connecting plate 3 or closely, therefore vehicle is travelled to the stress of this steel frame composition It is inconsistent with deformation at detachable steel bridge deck at connecting plate 3 when on system, so, easily cause and connected more than Occur between pave-load layer on the upside of plate 3 and the steel construction stress system and steel construction stress system of the formation of detachable steel bridge deck Connectivity problem, such as pave-load layer are peeled off, produce Relative sliding, and the appearance of problem above is easily caused road surface and occurs local lacking too early Fall into.To avoid or alleviating case above, the side of the connecting plate 3 is additionally provided with breach 8, the width maximum point of the breach 8 Between the bottom and openend of breach 8.When pave-load layer is laid, the slurry of pave-load layer can pour into breach 8 to above breach 8 In, so, the slurry for pouring into breach 8 can in these cases provide shearing, beneficial to protection pave-load layer and connecting plate 3 between, paving The reliability connected between dress layer and detachable steel bridge deck.
Above content is to combine the further description that specific preferred embodiment is made to the present invention, it is impossible to assert this The specific embodiment of invention is confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, The other embodiment drawn in the case where technical scheme is not departed from, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of detachable steel bridge deck, including steel bridge deck body, it is characterised in that the surrounding of the steel bridge deck body Link bolt hole (5) is provided with, the bottom of the steel bridge deck body is additionally provided with fixed bolt hole (1).
2. a kind of detachable steel bridge deck according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the steel bridge deck body includes Top board (2), longitudinal rib and cross rib (4), the longitudinal rib have a plurality of, are parallel to each other between longitudinal rib, and the top of longitudinal rib is solid with top board (2) Fixed connection;
The cross rib (4) is mutually perpendicular to longitudinal rib, and cross rib (4) is fixedly connected with each longitudinal rib, and the lower end position of cross rib (4) is less than The lower end position of longitudinal rib;
The fixed bolt hole (1) is arranged at the bottom of cross rib (4);
The surrounding of the top board (2), the two ends of longitudinal rib, the two ends of cross rib (4) are provided with link bolt hole (5).
3. a kind of detachable steel bridge deck according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the two of cross rib (4) bottom Side is provided with base plate, and fixed bolt hole (1) is provided with the base plate.
4. a kind of detachable steel bridge deck according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the longitudinal rib includes the first longitudinal rib (6) and the second longitudinal rib (7), the U-shaped profile of first longitudinal rib (6), the cross section of second longitudinal rib (7) is in the form of sheets;
Along the length direction of cross rib (4), first longitudinal rib and last longitudinal rib are the second longitudinal rib (7), and described first indulges Rib (6) is between the second longitudinal rib (7).
5. a kind of detachable steel bridge deck according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the two of first longitudinal rib (6) End is provided with hand hole (61).
6. a kind of detachable steel bridge deck according to claim 5, it is characterised in that be provided with the cross rib (4) First longitudinal rib groove (41) and the second longitudinal rib groove (42), the profile of the first longitudinal rib groove (41) and the cross section of the first longitudinal rib (6) Shape matches, and the quantity of the first longitudinal rib groove (41) is equal with the quantity of the first longitudinal rib (6), in each first longitudinal rib groove (41) First longitudinal rib (6) is embedded with, solder design is passed through between first longitudinal rib (6) and cross rib (4);
The profile of the second longitudinal rib groove (42) matches with the shape of cross section of the second longitudinal rib (7), and the second longitudinal rib groove (42) Quantity it is equal with the quantity of the second longitudinal rib (7), second longitudinal rib (7) is embedded with each second longitudinal rib groove (42), it is described Pass through solder design between second longitudinal rib (7) and cross rib (4).
7. a kind of detachable steel bridge deck as claimed in any of claims 1 to 6, it is characterised in that also include Connecting plate (3), the connecting plate (3) realizes two neighboring steel bridge as the intermediate connector of two neighboring steel bridge deck body Bolt connection between panel body.
8. a kind of detachable steel bridge deck according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the side of the connecting plate (3) Breach (8) is additionally provided with, the width maximum point of the breach (8) is located between the bottom of breach (8) and openend.
CN201710213977.5A 2017-04-01 2017-04-01 A kind of detachable steel bridge deck Active CN106835979B (en)

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CN107630402A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-26 长沙理工大学 A kind of cross bridge floor board bolt plumb joint and outer width formula splice plate

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JP2000120021A (en) * 1998-10-14 2000-04-25 Nichia Steel Works Ltd Floor-slab installing-section structure of bridge
CN2880899Y (en) * 2006-03-31 2007-03-21 中山市公路钢结构制造有限公司 U-type steel bridge panel of assembling type steel bridge
CN102433837A (en) * 2011-12-26 2012-05-02 中铁大桥勘测设计院集团有限公司 Orthogonal anisotropic plate integrated steel bridge deck of side box girder and longitudinal and transverse beam railway and construction method
CN102877411A (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-01-16 湖南大学 Assembled-type aluminum alloy bridge deck slab-steel girder combined structure
CN103410089A (en) * 2013-08-08 2013-11-27 南京工业大学 Orthotropic steel plate-fiber grating reinforced concrete combined deck structure
CN206768599U (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-12-19 西南交通大学 A kind of detachable steel bridge deck

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JP2000120021A (en) * 1998-10-14 2000-04-25 Nichia Steel Works Ltd Floor-slab installing-section structure of bridge
CN2880899Y (en) * 2006-03-31 2007-03-21 中山市公路钢结构制造有限公司 U-type steel bridge panel of assembling type steel bridge
CN102433837A (en) * 2011-12-26 2012-05-02 中铁大桥勘测设计院集团有限公司 Orthogonal anisotropic plate integrated steel bridge deck of side box girder and longitudinal and transverse beam railway and construction method
CN102877411A (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-01-16 湖南大学 Assembled-type aluminum alloy bridge deck slab-steel girder combined structure
CN103410089A (en) * 2013-08-08 2013-11-27 南京工业大学 Orthotropic steel plate-fiber grating reinforced concrete combined deck structure
CN206768599U (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-12-19 西南交通大学 A kind of detachable steel bridge deck

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107630402A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-26 长沙理工大学 A kind of cross bridge floor board bolt plumb joint and outer width formula splice plate

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