CN106830862A - A kind of lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106830862A
CN106830862A CN201710032012.6A CN201710032012A CN106830862A CN 106830862 A CN106830862 A CN 106830862A CN 201710032012 A CN201710032012 A CN 201710032012A CN 106830862 A CN106830862 A CN 106830862A
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China
Prior art keywords
raw
soil
ornament materials
lime
parts
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CN201710032012.6A
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CN106830862B (en
Inventor
朱绘美
李辉
刘文欢
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Xian University of Architecture and Technology
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Xian University of Architecture and Technology
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Priority to CN201710032012.6A priority Critical patent/CN106830862B/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/10Lime cements or magnesium oxide cements
    • C04B28/12Hydraulic lime
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials and preparation method thereof.The weight fraction of each component is as follows:White lime is 25~40 parts, Desulphurization is 10~20 parts, vinyl redispersable latex powder is 0.4~1.2 part, HEMC is 0.03~0.15 part, organosilicon moisture repellent is 0.1~0.3 part, raw-soil binding agent is 0.5~1.0 part, and fiber is 0.05~0.2 part, and gross weight number is 100 parts.The construction wall compatibility of lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials of the present invention and various base materials, matching are good, and there is good workability, adhesive property, gas permeability and water proofing property, construction wall can be made to possess the decoration texture similar with traditional earth building wall, can apply to the wall facing decoration engineering of various base materials, and largely utilize industrial solid castoff, financial cost is relatively low, with good environmental protection and energy-conserving profit waste effect.

Description

A kind of lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to building material technical field, and in particular to a kind of lime base raw-soil sense ornament materials and preparation side Method.
Background technology
China has substantial amounts of historical building to be built using the raw-soil, and its outward appearance has unique, natural, the simple and unsophisticated spy of raw-soil wall Color, but find exist in historical building region and largely use other during the reparation and protection of these historical buildings The building of the construction material such as construction such as brick, stone, concrete, using Modern Decorative materials such as coating, ceramic tiles more than its decorating inner and external walls Material, outward appearance and traditional history building is extremely uncoordinated, the heavy damage overall style and features of historical building block.To make historical building week The modern architecture enclosed has inside and outside the serve as a lookout looks consistent with traditional earth building, maintains the style and features harmony of historical building block, A kind of, caking property good with the construction wall compatibility of various base materials need to be designed excellent and with the decoration material of raw-soil wall outward appearance Material, to meet the requirement that the different inside and outside layers of wall base material are decorated.
The content of the invention
The present invention passes through the activity of scientific research and practice test, integrated reuse-recycle fluidized-bed combustion boiler Desulphurization and lime Excitation, the exterior decorative effect of the raw-soil, the adhesion strength of polymeric additive and the reinforcement effect of raw-soil binding agent, and By Study on Preparation, successfully prepare it is a kind of meet different substrate materials construction wall decorative engineering needs, possess traditional life Native architectural appearance, one-component lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials, but also industrial solid castoff is largely comprehensively utilized, With significant economic benefit, social benefit and environmental benefit.
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to pass through mixtures optimal design and preparation method is ground Study carefully, prepare physical and mechanical property good stable, the lime base raw-soil matter with good wall body decoration effect and adhesive property Sense ornament materials and preparation method, and industrial solid castoff is largely comprehensively utilized, economize on resources and the energy, environmental protection.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the application is adopted the following technical scheme that and is achieved:
A kind of lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials, is made up of following raw material:The raw-soil, white lime, Desulphurization, vinyl can Redisperse latex powder, HEMC, organosilicon moisture repellent, raw-soil binding agent and fiber.
With weight basis, constituted by following raw material:The raw-soil is 45~65 parts, and white lime is 25~40 parts, and Desulphurization is 10~20 parts, vinyl redispersable latex powder is 0.4~1.2 part, and HEMC is 0.03~0.15 part, organic Silicon hydrophober is 0.1~0.3 part, and raw-soil binding agent is 0.5~1.0 part, and fiber is 0.05~0.2 part, and gross weight number is 100 Part.
Specifically, the raw-soil was raw-soil powder of the grit number below 100 mesh.
Preferably, the Desulphurization is circulating fluid bed boiler desulfurization ash.
Specifically, the HEMC viscosity is 10000~45000mPas.
Specifically, the fiber is the wood fibre of a diameter of 0.5~3mm.
Specifically, sodium silicate of the raw-soil binding agent for modulus 3.3, molecular formula is Na2O·nSiO2
Preferably, with weight basis, constituted by following raw material:White lime is 38 parts, and Desulphurization is 12 parts, and vinyl can Redisperse latex powder is 1.0 parts, and HEMC is 0.08 part, and organosilicon moisture repellent is 0.3 part, and raw-soil binding agent is 0.8 part, fiber is 0.1 part, and the raw-soil is 47.72 parts, and its gross weight number is 100 parts.
The preparation method of described lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials:
On the basis of the composition of raw materials of the lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials,
The method includes procedure below:First, to addition vinyl redispersable latex powder, ethoxy in high-speed mixer Methylcellulose, organosilicon moisture repellent, raw-soil binding agent and fiber, mix equal under the mixing rate of 500~1000r/min Even, then, the mixing rate for adjusting the mixing of high-speed mixer is 80~250r/min, adds white lime, Desulphurization and the raw-soil, It is well mixed, that is, lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials is obtained.
Lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials finished product of the present invention is the powder body material of one pack system, only need to be during construction Job site it is stirred into 3~4min at a given proportion with water, you can use.
Lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials testing result proposed by the present invention is as shown in table 1.
The lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials key property of table 1
As can be seen from Table 1, lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials proposed by the present invention, its physical and mechanical property is good, Can meet or more than relevant criterion requirement, with good water resistance and adhesion strength, and excellent outer wall decorative effect.
Compared with prior art, beneficial has the technical effect that the present invention:
Lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials proposed by the present invention, using the raw-soil as filler and pigment, is made with white lime It is major gelled material, while add circulating fluid bed boiler desulfurization ash improves the strong of white lime material as hydraulicity additive Degree and water resistance etc., on the one hand can be reduced using the high energy consumption produced by cement, on the other hand can also promote solid waste Recycling.
Lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials proposed by the present invention, has a wide range of application, it is adaptable to which various building inside and outside walls are smeared Face engineering, especially needs various the wipe one's face engineerings consistent with raw-soil wall body decoration effect.The present invention has excellent application property Can, operable time is long, water absorption rate is low, compression strength is high, performance is good for knot, good decorating effect, also have it is particularly pertinent weather-proof Property and long-term behaviour.
The lime base raw-soil each performance indications of texture ornament materials proposed by the present invention are excellent, and preparation method is simple is easy, produce Product quality is easily controllable, and workability is excellent, and decorative effect is protruded, and long-term behaviour is superior, good endurance, it is adaptable to various buildings Exterior wall is wiped one's face engineering, is easy to large-scale promotion application.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below by embodiment.
Embodiment 1:A kind of lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials, its component and proportioning (mass percent) are:White lime It it is 38 parts, Desulphurization is 12 parts, vinyl redispersable latex powder is 1.0 parts, HEMC is 0.08 part, organic Silicon hydrophober is 0.3 part, and raw-soil binding agent is 0.8 part, and fiber is 0.1 part, and the raw-soil is 47.72 parts, and its gross weight number is 100 Part.
The results of property that detection test is obtained is as shown in table 2.
The lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials the performance test results of the embodiment 1 of table 2
Project Measured performance
Operable time 180min
Initial dry cracking resistance Flawless
30min water absorptions/g 0.8
240min water absorptions/g 1.5
Rupture strength/MPa 5.6
Compression strength/MPa 8.5
Tensile bond strength/MPa 1.5
Alkali burnout resistance Without the visible accumulation of salt in the surface soil, not dry linting
Stain resistance 1
Weatherability Outward appearance is unchanged after 28 times rainwater drenches erosion
Embodiment 2:A kind of lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials, its component and proportioning (mass percent) are:White lime It it is 25 parts, Desulphurization is 18 parts, vinyl redispersable latex powder is 0.8 part, HEMC is 0.06 part, hydrophobic Agent is 0.25 part, and raw-soil binding agent is 0.6 part, and fiber is 0.15 part, and the raw-soil is 55.14 parts, and its gross weight number is 100 parts.
The results of property that detection test is obtained is as shown in table 3.
The lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials the performance test results of the embodiment 2 of table 3
Embodiment 3:A kind of lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials, its component and proportioning (mass percent) are:White lime It it is 35 parts, Desulphurization is 20 parts, vinyl redispersable latex powder is 1.0 parts, HEMC is 0.12 part, hydrophobic Agent is 0.3 part, and raw-soil binding agent is 1.0 parts, and fiber is 0.15 part, and the raw-soil is 42.43 parts, and its gross weight number is 100 parts.
The results of property that detection test is obtained is as shown in table 4.
The lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials the performance test results of the embodiment 3 of table 4
Project Measured performance
Operable time 130min
Initial dry cracking resistance Flawless
30min water absorptions/g 0.8
240min water absorptions/g 1.3
Rupture strength/MPa 5.0
Compression strength/MPa 9.5
Tensile bond strength/MPa 1.8
Alkali burnout resistance Without the visible accumulation of salt in the surface soil, not dry linting
Stain resistance 1
Weatherability Outward appearance is unchanged after 28 times rainwater drenches erosion
From above example, lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials proposed by the present invention can be according to architectural engineering It is required that, make corresponding product.Property indices are satisfied by or more than relevant criterion and engine request, can be outer as building Wall decorative engineering material, plays good decorative effect, can be wiped one's face engineering in various external walls with wide popularization and application.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials, it is characterised in that:It is made up of following raw material:The raw-soil, white lime, desulfurization Ash, vinyl redispersable latex powder, HEMC, organosilicon moisture repellent, raw-soil binding agent and fiber.
2. lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:With weight basis, by following Raw material is constituted:The raw-soil is 45~65 parts, and white lime is 25~40 parts, and Desulphurization is 10~20 parts, vinyl Redispersable latex Powder is 0.4~1.2 part, and HEMC is 0.03~0.15 part, and organosilicon moisture repellent is 0.1~0.3 part, and the raw-soil glues Knot agent is 0.5~1.0 part, and fiber is 0.05~0.2 part, and the parts by weight sum of raw material is 100 parts.
3. lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The raw-soil was that grit number exists Raw-soil powder below 100 mesh.
4. lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The Desulphurization is ciculation fluidized Bed boiler desulfurization ash.
5. lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The HEMC Viscosity is 10000~45000mPas.
6. lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fibre diameter be 0.5~ The wood fibre of 3mm.
7. lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The raw-soil binding agent is modulus 3.3 sodium silicate, molecular formula is Na2O·nSiO2
8. a kind of preparation method of lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials, it is characterised in that:The method using as claim 1 to The formula of the lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials described in 7 any claims;
The method includes procedure below:First, to addition vinyl redispersable latex powder, hydroxyethyl methyl in high-speed mixer Cellulose, organosilicon moisture repellent, raw-soil binding agent and fiber, are well mixed, so under the mixing rate of 500~1000r/min Afterwards, the mixing rate of the mixing of regulation high-speed mixer is 80~250r/min, adds white lime, Desulphurization and the raw-soil, mixing Uniformly, that is, lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials is obtained.
CN201710032012.6A 2017-01-17 2017-01-17 A kind of lime base raw-soil texture ornament materials and preparation method thereof Active CN106830862B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110194638A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-09-03 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of earth building reinforcement and repair slag reconciliation water lime mortar and preparation method thereof
CN110317029A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-10-11 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of masonry ancient building reinforcement and repair silicon ash reconciliation water lime mortar and preparation method
CN112940545A (en) * 2021-02-08 2021-06-11 天津城建大学 Decorative waterproof coating for protecting raw soil surface and construction method

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110240459A (en) * 2019-06-29 2019-09-17 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of masonry ancient building reinforcement and repair fluidized bed combustion coal ash/slag reconciliation water lime mortar and preparation method

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102010173A (en) * 2010-11-15 2011-04-13 重庆大学 Method for preparing heat insulation anti-cracking raw soil bricks
CN104844090A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-08-19 中国建筑材料科学研究总院 Raw soil plastering binding material suitable for raw soil building blocks and preparation method of binding material

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102010173A (en) * 2010-11-15 2011-04-13 重庆大学 Method for preparing heat insulation anti-cracking raw soil bricks
CN104844090A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-08-19 中国建筑材料科学研究总院 Raw soil plastering binding material suitable for raw soil building blocks and preparation method of binding material

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110194638A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-09-03 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of earth building reinforcement and repair slag reconciliation water lime mortar and preparation method thereof
CN110317029A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-10-11 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of masonry ancient building reinforcement and repair silicon ash reconciliation water lime mortar and preparation method
CN112940545A (en) * 2021-02-08 2021-06-11 天津城建大学 Decorative waterproof coating for protecting raw soil surface and construction method

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