CN106799859A - A kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device - Google Patents

A kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106799859A
CN106799859A CN201710065157.6A CN201710065157A CN106799859A CN 106799859 A CN106799859 A CN 106799859A CN 201710065157 A CN201710065157 A CN 201710065157A CN 106799859 A CN106799859 A CN 106799859A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
type compound
band
press roll
hobboing cutter
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710065157.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈树人
汤明明
肖君
Original Assignee
江苏大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江苏大学 filed Critical 江苏大学
Priority to CN201710065157.6A priority Critical patent/CN106799859A/en
Publication of CN106799859A publication Critical patent/CN106799859A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/145Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with knives spaced axially and circumferentially on the periphery of a cylindrical rotor unit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/18Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using profiled rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/08Accessory tools, e.g. knives; Mountings therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/30Feeding material to presses

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device, including frame, two intermeshing press roll gears are installed in the frame, spout is located at two middle tops of intermeshing press roll gear, the press roll gear includes the gear teeth and wheel rim, baffle ring is provided with the both sides end face of the wheel rim, some circular nibs are provided with the wheel rim on the press roll gear between every two neighboring gear teeth.The compression chamber that press roll gear of the invention is formed when engaging is semi-open type, carries out extrusion forming to material stalk by gear type pressure roller and is difficult putty.The present invention proposes a kind of biomass solid shaping machine of novelty, and the type not only integrates straw chopping and briquetting, and process is simply continuous, uses manpower and material resources sparingly;And using gear type pressure roller engagement principle of extrusion moulding, method is unique, it is not easy to which putty, forming efficiency is high;Meanwhile, simple structure of the present invention, energy consumption is low, is advantageously implemented large-scale production.

Description

A kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device

Technical field

The present invention is a kind of equipment shredded for agricultural crop straw with compression forming or feed manufacturing, is related to stalk to cut Broken, compression forming and field of feed processing.

Background technology

Stalk briquette shaped device is that the biomass materials such as stalk are crushed compression to be made efficient, environment-friendly fuel or feed Equipment.The equipment not only can fully utilize agriculture waste biomass resource, preserve the ecological environment, and reduce environmental pollution, and And the fuel being made can replace the use of coal, increase farmers' income.Current compressed biomass shaped device mainly has spiral to squeeze Molded, piston punch forming, the peaceful mold compression shaping of ring mold compression shaping etc., these model structures are relative complex, high energy consumption, And easy putty, part is easy to wear, and maintenance cost is high, and production capacity suffers restraints, it is difficult to improve a lot.On using two teeth The technology of wheeled pressure roller engagement extrusion forming does not have also, compared with the compound stalk forming device of other types, gear type double roller briquetting Shaped device has sturdy and durable, simple structure, is difficult putty, extrusion forming efficiency high, low cost of manufacture and is easy to batch raw The features such as product.It is multiple functional and the present invention integrates straw chopping and briquetting, it is easy to use.

The content of the invention

The present invention for current stalk briquette shaped device exist complex structure, yield poorly, high energy consumption the shortcomings of, it is proposed that A kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device, the compound stalk forming device extruding form and conventional difference, using between two stitchers Engagement extrusion principle, material enters gear and engages constricted zone, extruded from the circular nib of between cog, and the principle improves life The efficiency and reliability of material curing molding.

For achieving the above object, the technical scheme taken of the present invention is:A kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device, including Frame, is provided with two intermeshing press roll gears in the frame, spout is located at two intermeshing press roll gears Middle top, the press roll gear include the gear teeth and wheel rim, baffle ring, the pressure roller tooth are provided with the both sides end face of the wheel rim Some circular nibs are provided with wheel rim on wheel between every two neighboring gear teeth.

In such scheme, straw chopping apparatus are additionally provided with the spout.

In such scheme, the straw chopping apparatus include incoming band, spread out of band, hobboing cutter base plate and hobboing cutter, the hobboing cutter Base plate be located at the feed belt and it is described spread out of band between, the hobboing cutter be located at the hobboing cutter base plate top, the feeding Mouth is located at the lower section for spreading out of band.

In such scheme, the output end for spreading out of band is also equipped with pony press.

In such scheme, the incoming band, the power for spreading out of band, the hobboing cutter and the pony press are by motor B There is provided.

In such scheme, intaglio plate is installed with below the press roll gear.

In such scheme, main shaft is installed on the press roll gear, the power of the main shaft is provided by motor A.

In such scheme, power transmission is carried out by V belt translation or gear drive between the main shaft and the motor A.

The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:(1)It is real by the mating reaction of the parts such as feed belt, hobboing cutter base plate and hobboing cutter Show the chopping of material stalk, and precompressed treatment has been carried out to the stalk after chopping by pony press, be conducive to follow-up compression Shaping;(2)The compression chamber that gear type twin pressure roller of the invention is formed when engaging belongs to semi-open type, and material is not easily blocked, and utilizes Gear engages extrusion principle, and method is unique, and simple structure is low in energy consumption, and yield is high, it is easy to mass produce.(3)The present invention and tool There are straw chopping and briquetting in the function of one, process is simply continuous, be not used in first crushing stalk on pulverizer, then answered Used in compound stalk forming device upper holder block, manpower and materials are saved.

Brief description of the drawings

The present invention is elaborated by accompanying drawing below, in accompanying drawing:

Fig. 1 is the stereogram of the one of angle of pair roller type compound stalk forming device of the invention.

Fig. 2 is the stereogram of another angle of pair roller type compound stalk forming device of the invention.

Fig. 3 show stalk transmission, chopping and precompressed partial perspective view.

Fig. 4 show two press roll gear engagement stereograms.

Fig. 5 show hobboing cutter axonometric drawing.

Fig. 6 show pitman shaft mapping.

In figure:1st, the 3rd belt;2nd, spout;3rd, press roll gear;3-1, the gear teeth;3-2, wheel rim;3-3, baffle ring;3-4, circle Shape nib;4th, motor A;5th, small belt pulley A;6th, the first belt;7th, frame;8th, spur gear;9th, main shaft;10th, big belt pulley A;11、 Intaglio plate;12nd, lid pressing plate;13rd, motor B;14th, shaft coupling;15th, incoming band;16th, hobboing cutter base plate;17th, hobboing cutter;18th, small belt pulley C; 19th, pony press;20th, connecting rod;21st, disk roller is transmitted;22nd, the second belt;23rd, small belt pulley B;24th, big belt pulley B;25th, axle Hold;26th, band is spread out of.

Specific embodiment:

As shown in Figures 1 to 6, the invention provides a kind of double-roll type compound stalk forming device for integrating straw chopping and briquetting, Including gear type pressure roller 3, main shaft 9, spur gear 8, intaglio plate 11, connecting rod 20, big belt pulley A10, big belt pulley B24, belt lace Wheel A5, small belt pulley B23, small belt pulley C18, the first belt 6, the second belt 22, the 3rd belt 1, incoming band 15, transmission disk roller 21st, hobboing cutter 17, hobboing cutter base plate 16, pony press 19, spout 2, motor A4, motor B13 and spread out of band 26.

The gear type pressure roller 3 is arranged on main shaft 9, and press roll gear 3 includes gear teeth 3-1 and wheel rim 3-2, wheel rim 3-2's Baffle ring 3-3 is provided with the end face of both sides, some circular nibs are provided with the wheel rim on press roll gear 3 between every two neighboring gear teeth 3-4.Main shaft 9 is fixed in frame 7 by bearing 25, and two main shafts 9 are driven by two spur gears 8, by motor A4 by the One group of belt drive unit drives and rotates, and makes two engagement rotations of gear type pressure roller 3.Hobboing cutter 17, transmission disk roller 21 and pony press 19 are all arranged in frame 7, and hobboing cutter 17 connects driving by motor B13 by shaft coupling 14;Transmission disk roller 21 passes through second group of skin Belt driver is driven by hobboing cutter 17;Pony press 19 is driven by the 3rd group of belt drive unit by transmission disk roller 21.Material by Incoming band 15 is sent to hobboing cutter base plate 16, and pony press 19 is delivered to by spreading out of band 26 after being shredded by hobboing cutter 17, and material is by precompressed Fed by spout 2 after treatment, into the compressional zone formed by the press roll gear 3 and baffle ring 3-3 of two engagements, by the circle of between cog Shape nib 3-4 is extruded and gone out, and intaglio plate 11 is provided with two lower half of press roll gear 3, prevent in compression process material by from Mental and physical efforts throw away.

First group of belt drive unit is made up of big belt pulley A10, small belt pulley A5 and the first belt 6, big belt Wheel A10 by flat key be arranged on main shaft 9 on, small belt pulley A5 by flat key be arranged on motor A4 on, wherein big belt pulley A10 with The proportional relation of small belt pulley A5 diameters, is determined by press roll gear 3 with motor A4 rotating speeds.

Second group of belt drive unit is made up of big belt pulley B24, small belt pulley B23 and the second belt 22, cuticle Belt wheel B23 is arranged on hobboing cutter 17, and big belt pulley B24 is arranged on transmission disk roller 21, wherein big belt pulley B24 and small belt pulley The proportional relation of B23 diameters, is determined by hobboing cutter 17 and the transmission rotating speed of disk roller 21.

The 3rd group of belt drive unit is made up of two small belt pulley C18 and the 3rd belt 1, two belt pulley C18 points An Zhuan not transmit on disk roller 21 and pony press 19.

The conveyer is by transmission disk roller 21, incoming band 15 and spreads out of band and 26 constitutes, and transmission disk roller 21 is arranged on frame 7 On, incoming band 15 be arranged on transmission disk roller 21 on, hobboing cutter base plate 16 be located at feed belt 15 and spread out of band 26 between, 17, hobboing cutter In the top of the hobboing cutter base plate 16, wherein oriented recessed trapezoidal groove in the middle of the face of cylinder of transmission disk roller 21, in incoming band 1 Made between 5 toward evagination, just coincide with the trapezoidal groove on transmission disk roller 21, make its tight transmission.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device, including frame (7), it is characterised in that be provided with two phases on the frame (7) The press roll gear (3) for mutually engaging, spout (2) is positioned at two middle tops of intermeshing press roll gear (3), the pressure roller tooth Wheel (3) includes the gear teeth (3-1) and wheel rim (3-2), and baffle ring (3-3), the pressure are provided with the both sides end face of the wheel rim (3-2) Some circular nibs (3-4) are provided with wheel rim on roller gear (3) between every two neighboring gear teeth.
2. a kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that on the spout (2) also It is provided with straw chopping apparatus.
3. a kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the straw chopping apparatus bag Include incoming band (15), spread out of band (26), hobboing cutter base plate (16) and hobboing cutter (17), the hobboing cutter base plate (16) is positioned at the transmission skin Band (15) and it is described spread out of between (26), the hobboing cutter (17) is positioned at the top of the hobboing cutter base plate (16), the spout (2) positioned at the lower section for spreading out of band (26).
4. a kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that described to spread out of the defeated of band (26) Go out end and be also equipped with pony press (19).
5. a kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the incoming band (15), institute The power for spreading out of band (26), the hobboing cutter (17) and the pony press (19) is stated by motor B(13)There is provided.
6. a kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5, it is characterised in that the pressure Intaglio plate (11) is installed with below roller gear (3).
7. a kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5, it is characterised in that the pressure Main shaft (9) is installed, the power of the main shaft (9) passes through motor A on roller gear (3)(4)There is provided.
8. a kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the main shaft (9) and described Motor A(4)Between power transmission is carried out by V belt translation or gear drive.
CN201710065157.6A 2017-02-06 2017-02-06 A kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device CN106799859A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710065157.6A CN106799859A (en) 2017-02-06 2017-02-06 A kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710065157.6A CN106799859A (en) 2017-02-06 2017-02-06 A kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106799859A true CN106799859A (en) 2017-06-06

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710065157.6A CN106799859A (en) 2017-02-06 2017-02-06 A kind of pair roller type compound stalk forming device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19851054C2 (en) * 1997-11-07 2003-07-10 Eurohansa Inc Crushing device for shredding and shredding waste material and method therefor
CN102119610A (en) * 2010-11-24 2011-07-13 西南石油大学 Automatic feeding green feed chopper
CN102205217A (en) * 2011-01-07 2011-10-05 谭定忠 Gear type biomass fuel particle molding machine
CN202151060U (en) * 2011-06-27 2012-02-29 中节能(宿迁)生物质能发电有限公司 Straw chopper
CN202762399U (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-03-06 广州金安源节能科技股份有限公司 Accurate pair-roller synchronous powerful extrusion forming biomass granulating machine
CN103350007A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-10-16 江苏普阳环保能源科技有限公司 Straw crushing and briquetting device
CN203919795U (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-11-05 四川绿牧农业有限公司 A kind of stalk block making machine
CN204602282U (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-09-02 南昌工程学院 A kind of three grades of roll-in branch breakers
CN105344449A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-02-24 长江大学 Pulverizer with multi-stage pulverizing function
CN106182879A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-12-07 江苏大学 A kind of to roller cuber

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19851054C2 (en) * 1997-11-07 2003-07-10 Eurohansa Inc Crushing device for shredding and shredding waste material and method therefor
CN102119610A (en) * 2010-11-24 2011-07-13 西南石油大学 Automatic feeding green feed chopper
CN102205217A (en) * 2011-01-07 2011-10-05 谭定忠 Gear type biomass fuel particle molding machine
CN202151060U (en) * 2011-06-27 2012-02-29 中节能(宿迁)生物质能发电有限公司 Straw chopper
CN202762399U (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-03-06 广州金安源节能科技股份有限公司 Accurate pair-roller synchronous powerful extrusion forming biomass granulating machine
CN103350007A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-10-16 江苏普阳环保能源科技有限公司 Straw crushing and briquetting device
CN203919795U (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-11-05 四川绿牧农业有限公司 A kind of stalk block making machine
CN204602282U (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-09-02 南昌工程学院 A kind of three grades of roll-in branch breakers
CN105344449A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-02-24 长江大学 Pulverizer with multi-stage pulverizing function
CN106182879A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-12-07 江苏大学 A kind of to roller cuber

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Application publication date: 20170606

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication