CN106799585B - Wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine - Google Patents

Wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106799585B
CN106799585B CN201710150535.0A CN201710150535A CN106799585B CN 106799585 B CN106799585 B CN 106799585B CN 201710150535 A CN201710150535 A CN 201710150535A CN 106799585 B CN106799585 B CN 106799585B
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China
Prior art keywords
wheel
gear wheel
gear
move
sheet
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CN201710150535.0A
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CN106799585A (en
Inventor
胡启
陈鹏
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Beijing Xinliantie Group Ltd By Share Ltd
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Beijing Xinliantie Group Ltd By Share Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/02Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same
    • B23P19/027Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same using hydraulic or pneumatic means

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of wheels to gear wheel dismounting machine, and wheel includes: rack to gear wheel dismounting machine;Shaft driver is taken turns, wheel shaft driver is two and is separately fixed at the relative position at left and right sides of rack;Move back handler, handler is moved back to be mounted on the rack and be located between two wheel shaft drivers, handler is moved back to include: withdrawal sleeve and move back and unload inserted sheet, the internal diameter of withdrawal sleeve is greater than the bearing outside diameter of wheel pair and outer diameter is less than the diameter of gear wheel, it moves back and unloads inserted sheet and move between the first position and the second position, move back and unload inserted sheet at first position, move back and unload inserted sheet suitable for sleeve on the wheel shaft of wheel pair and for the bearing against gear wheel side, it moves back and unloads inserted sheet at the second position, move back and unload inserted sheet far from wheel shaft.Inserted sheet is unloaded by the way that withdrawal sleeve is arranged and moves back, can complete to unload upper moving back for two side bearing of gear wheel and gear wheel on wheel step by step, efficiency is unloaded to moving back for gear wheel so as to improve wheel.

Description

Wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of wheels to provision for disengagement, in particular to a kind of wheel to gear wheel dismounting machine.
Background technique
Country's motor car wheel unloads moving back for gear wheel at present, is all to install dedicated move back on wheelset fitting disassembler to unload pressure head It realizes, domestic exploitation not yet moves back the special purpose machine tool unloaded for gear wheel.
Moreover, moving back the process flow for unloading gear wheel has many defects, for example, feeding auxiliary time is long, and Multiple operator's cooperations are needed simultaneously, moving back for gear wheel is just able to achieve and unloads;For another example, the axle half weight with gear wheel There is the security risk tumbled, fallen during conveying mobile so partially toward one side in the heart;For another example, work is needed before unloading High-pressure injection system is manually operated in people, and oiling, which is moved back, unloads, and increases cost of labor.And to unload process efficiency low, easy there are also entirely moving back The problems such as pulling axle etc..
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to solve at least some of the technical problems in related technologies.For this purpose, the present invention mentions For a kind of wheel to gear wheel dismounting machine, which, which can move back gear wheel dismounting machine, unloads wheel to upper gear wheel, and moves back and unload efficiency out It is high.
Wheel according to the present invention is to gear wheel dismounting machine, comprising: rack;Shaft driver is taken turns, the wheel shaft driver is two Relative position that is a and being separately fixed at left and right sides of the rack;Handler is moved back, the handler that moves back is mounted on the rack It is upper and be located between two wheel shaft drivers, it is described to move back handler to include: withdrawal sleeve unload inserted sheet with moving back, the withdrawal sleeve Internal diameter is greater than the bearing outside diameter of wheel pair and outer diameter is less than the diameter of the gear wheel, and described move back unloads inserted sheet in first position and second It is moved between position, described move back unloads inserted sheet at the first position, and described move back unloads inserted sheet suitable for sleeve in the wheel pair On wheel shaft and for the bearing against the gear wheel side, described move back unload inserted sheet in the second position, it is described move back unload it is slotting Piece is far from the wheel shaft.
Wheel according to the present invention unloads inserted sheet and the left and right sides to gear wheel dismounting machine, by setting withdrawal sleeve and moving back Left oil cylinder and right oil cylinder can be completed to unload upper moving back for two side bearing of gear wheel and gear wheel on wheel step by step, so as to Efficiency is unloaded to moving back for gear wheel to improve wheel, and can improve and technical process is unloaded to moving back for gear wheel to wheel.
In some examples of the invention, described to move back handler further include: cabinet, the cabinet are fixed on the rack On, the withdrawal sleeve is fixed on the side towards the gear wheel of the cabinet, and described move back unloads inserted sheet setting in the cabinet It is interior.
In some examples of the invention, the cross section of the withdrawal sleeve is C-shaped and/or described move back unloads inserted sheet in U Shape.
In some examples of the invention, the wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine further include: for driving described move back to unload inserted sheet The actuator moved between the first position and the second position.
In some examples of the invention, the wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine further include: block, the actuator are mounted on On the cabinet, the block is mounted on the side close to the wheel shaft on the cabinet and being located at the actuator, described It is provided with the through slot extended radially through along the wheel shaft on block, described move back is unloaded inserted sheet and be adapted to extend into the through slot until being moved to The second position.
In some examples of the invention, the first side plate is provided on the side of the cabinet, the withdrawal sleeve is mounted on On first side plate, setting is opened wide in the other side of the cabinet.
In some examples of the invention, the wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine further include: chassis, the rack are fixed on institute It states on chassis;Feeding device, the feeding device setting can turn on the chassis and between upper discharge position and discharge position It is dynamic;Waggon, the waggon is arranged to be moved on the chassis and between the discharge position and the rack.
In some examples of the invention, the wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine further include: driving motor, the driving motor It is fixed on the chassis;Gear is driven, the driving gear fixing sleeve is located on the driving motor;Pivoting support, it is described Pivoting support is fixed on the feeding device and cooperates with the driving gear.
In some examples of the invention, the angle between the upper discharge position and the discharge position is 180 °.
In some examples of the invention, the feeding device includes: main body, the main body be arranged on the chassis and It can be rotated between the upper discharge position and the discharge position;Wheel is described to take turns the side wall for arm being arranged in the main body to arm On.
In some examples of the invention, the section of the main body is rectangle, and the wheel is multiple to arm and is respectively set In the opposite two side walls of the main body.
In some examples of the invention, be provided in two opposite side walls of the main body at least two be spaced apart and The wheel matched is to arm.
In some examples of the invention, each wheel includes: trailing arm to arm, is provided with bracket on the trailing arm;Folder Pawl is held, the gripper jaw is hinged on the trailing arm and the wheel shaft to clamp the wheel pair opposite with the bracket.
In some examples of the invention, the wheel can transverse direction and/or vertical motion to the relatively described main body of arm.
In some examples of the invention, it is provided with vertical guide on the side wall of the main body, is provided in the main body Movable block, the movable block are arranged in the vertical guide, cross slide way are provided on the movable block, the wheel sets arm It sets on the cross slide way.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is side view of the wheel according to an embodiment of the present invention to the different location of gear wheel dismounting machine respectively;
Fig. 3 is top view of the wheel according to an embodiment of the present invention to gear wheel dismounting machine;
Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of feeding device respectively;
Fig. 6 is to move back the structural schematic diagram for unloading inserted sheet;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of withdrawal sleeve;
Fig. 8 is the cross-sectional view of withdrawal sleeve.
Appended drawing reference:
Wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000;
Rack 100;
Left oil cylinder 200;The piston rod 210 of left oil cylinder;Right oil cylinder 300;The piston rod 310 of right oil cylinder;
Move back handler 400;Withdrawal sleeve 410;It moves back and unloads inserted sheet 420;Cabinet 430;First side plate 431;Actuator 440;Block 450;
Chassis 500;Driving motor 510;Drive gear 520;Pivoting support 530;
Feeding device 600;Main body 610;Wheel is to arm 620;Trailing arm 621;Bracket 622;Gripper jaw 623;Drive cylinder 624; Cushion block 625;Vertical guide 626;Movable block 627;Cross slide way 628;Lifting cylinder 629;
Waggon 700;Supporting element 710;
Upper discharge position a1;Discharge position a2;
Wheel is to 2000;Wheel shaft 2010.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is described below in detail, examples of the embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings.Below with reference to The embodiment of attached drawing description is exemplary, it is intended to is used to explain the present invention, and is not considered as limiting the invention.
Below with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 8 detailed description wheel according to an embodiment of the present invention to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000.
As shown in Figure 1, wheel according to an embodiment of the present invention may include: rack 100, wheel shaft to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000 Actuator and move back handler 400.As shown in figures 1 and 3, wheel shaft driver can be oil cylinder, and oil cylinder is two, two oil cylinders point Not Wei left oil cylinder 200 and right oil cylinder 300, and left oil cylinder 200 and right oil cylinder 300 are separately fixed at the left and right sides of rack 100 Relative position, each oil cylinder have piston rod, and in other words, left oil cylinder 200 has the piston rod 210 for belonging to its own, right oil cylinder 300 have the piston rod 310 for belonging to its own, and under the effect of corresponding oil pressure, piston rod can be axial in corresponding oil cylinder Mobile, the direction of axial movement is left and right directions.Wherein, it can be respectively arranged in rack 100 and support and fix left oil cylinder 200 With the support component of right oil cylinder 300, support component can be collectively formed by support plate and support rod, not limited this.
It should be noted that by the way that left oil cylinder 200 and right oil cylinder 300 or so to be oppositely arranged, it can be in order to left oil cylinder 200 Clamping wheel synchronous with right oil cylinder 300 to 2000 wheel shaft 2010.Specifically, the free end of the piston rod 210 of left oil cylinder 200 and The free end of the piston rod 310 of right oil cylinder 300 is provided with top, the top axle end center hole corresponding to wheel shaft 2010.By This, it is to be understood that in left oil cylinder 200 clamping wheel shaft 2010 synchronous with right oil cylinder 300, the top of two piston rods can be with It extend into the axle end center hole of wheel shaft 2010 to guarantee the fixation reliability of wheel shaft 2010.Wherein, left oil cylinder 200 and right oil cylinder 300 oil pressure is kept and piston rod movement can be by taking turns to the control process control in gear wheel dismounting machine 1000.
Specifically, when wheel shaft 2010 needs to be moved to the left, the piston rod 210 of left oil cylinder 200 is constantly shunk, right oil cylinder 300 piston rod 310 constantly stretches out to the left, moves from right to left so as to drive shaft 2010.When wheel shaft 2010 needs When moving right, the piston rod 310 of right oil cylinder 300 is constantly shunk, and the piston rod 210 of left oil cylinder 200 constantly stretches out to the right, from And it can be moved from left to right with drive shaft 2010.As for 2010 movement speed of wheel shaft, do not limit this, those skilled in the art Member can move back according to practical gear wheel unloads situation sets itself.
It moves back handler 400 to be mounted in rack 100, and moves back handler 400 between two oil cylinders, that is, move back handler 400 between left oil cylinder 200 and right oil cylinder 300, moves back handler 400 and includes: withdrawal sleeve 410 and move back and unload inserted sheet 420, withdrawal sleeve 410 internal diameter is greater than the diameter taken turns and be less than gear wheel to 2000 bearing outside diameter and outer diameter.It is understood that withdrawal sleeve 410 It can be used for moving back and unload gear wheel and the bearing positioned at gear wheel side, as shown in Figure 1, gear wheel is located at the left side for moving back handler 400 Side, that is to say, that gear wheel is located at the left side of withdrawal sleeve 410, and oil cylinder 200 left in this way and right oil cylinder 300 can be with drive shafts 2010 move from left to right, and wherein 410 position of withdrawal sleeve is fixed, since the internal diameter of withdrawal sleeve 410 is greater than the outer diameter of bearing, in this way Bearing on the right side of gear wheel can extend into the inside of withdrawal sleeve 410, and with the movement of wheel shaft 2010, withdrawal sleeve 410 can It is then that gear wheel is synchronous with the bearing on the left of gear wheel from wheel shaft 2010 to be only against in the right lateral surface of gear wheel It moves back and unloads down.Withdrawal sleeve 410 can be used for moving back the bearing for unloading gear wheel and gear wheel side as a result,.
Optionally, as shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, withdrawal sleeve 410 can have edge protuberance, and edge protuberance is located remotely from canine tooth The side of wheel, withdrawal sleeve 410 can be fixed by edge protuberance and other component.In addition, the cross section of withdrawal sleeve 410 can be in C-shaped.The withdrawal sleeve 410 of C-shaped can play the role of some components of evacuation, and can guarantee the structural strength of its own.
It moves back and unloads inserted sheet 420 and move between the first position and the second position, move back and unload inserted sheet 420 at first position, move back Inserted sheet 420 is unloaded suitable for sleeve on taking turns the wheel shaft 2010 to 2000, and moves back and unloads inserted sheet 420 for the axis against gear wheel side It holds, moves back and unload inserted sheet 420 at the second position, move back and unload inserted sheet 420 far from wheel shaft 2010.It is understood that being used in withdrawal sleeve 410 In move back unload gear wheel when, move back and unload inserted sheet 420 and be located at the second position, the bearing being located on the right side of gear wheel can be made to unload from moving back in this way Set 410 in move right always, until in the lateral direction be located at move back the right side for unloading inserted sheet 420, later, move back unload inserted sheet 420 can To be moved to from first position from the second position, moves back unload the whole outside for being inserted into wheel shaft 2010 of inserted sheet 420 in this way, and at this time It moves back and unloads the left side that inserted sheet 420 can be located at the right side bearing, then left oil cylinder 200 and 300 drive shaft 2010 of right oil cylinder are from the right side Be moved to the left, move back unload inserted sheet 420 stop the right side bearing move back unloading to the right side bearing.It takes turns to move back gear wheel as a result, and unload Moving back for two side bearing of gear wheel and gear wheel is unloaded in the completion of machine 1000.
Optionally, it can be in U-shape as shown in fig. 6, moving back and unloading inserted sheet 420.The moving back of U-shaped unloads inserted sheet 420 can be in order to itself and wheel Axis 2010 cooperates, and moves back a part of semicircular in shape for unloading inserted sheet 420, which can integrally be inserted in the outer of wheel shaft 2010 Zhou Shang.
Wheel according to an embodiment of the present invention unloads inserted sheet to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000, by the way that withdrawal sleeve 410 is arranged and moves back 420 and the left oil cylinder 200 in the left and right sides and right oil cylinder 300, it can complete step by step to wheel to gear wheel on 2000 and big Moving back for two side bearing of gear is unloaded, and unloads efficiency to moving back for 2000 gear wheels so as to improve wheel, and can improve to wheel pair Technical process is unloaded in moving back for 2000 gear wheels.
Further, as shown in Figure 1, moving back handler 400 can also include: cabinet 430, cabinet 430 is fixed on rack 100 On, withdrawal sleeve 410 is fixed on the side (left side i.e. shown in FIG. 1) towards gear wheel of cabinet 430, moves back and unloads the setting of inserted sheet 420 In cabinet 430.Cabinet 430 can guarantee the installation reliability of withdrawal sleeve 410, it is ensured that wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000 Functional reliability.And cabinet 430 can unload inserted sheet 420 and move inside it in order to move back, so as to further improve Take turns the functional reliability to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000.
Specifically, wheel to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000 can also include: for drive move back unload inserted sheet 420 in first position and The actuator 440 moved between the second position.Wherein, there are many arrangement forms of actuator 440, for example, actuator 440 can be with For driving motor, for another example, actuator 440 can be drive cylinder.Actuator 440 can be fixed on cabinet 430, such cabinet 430 can also play the role of providing receiving fixed space for actuator.
Optionally, as shown in figure 3, wheel can also include: block 450 to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000, actuator 440 is installed On cabinet 430, block 450 is mounted on cabinet 430, and block 450 is located at the side of the close wheel shaft of actuator 440, It is provided with the through slot extended radially through along wheel shaft on block 450, moves back and unloads inserted sheet and be adapted to extend into through slot until being moved to the second position. It is understood that being moved to first position during first position is moved to the second position, and in the second position In the process, through slot can play the role of guiding to move back at least to some extent unloading inserted sheet 420, thereby may be ensured that move back and unload inserted sheet 420 mobile smoothness, and then wheel can be improved and move back the reliability for unloading gear wheel to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000.
Specifically, as shown in figure 3, being provided with the first side plate 431 on the side of cabinet 430, withdrawal sleeve 410 is mounted on first On side plate 431, setting is opened wide in the other side of cabinet 430.First side plate 431 can be left plate, and the right end of withdrawal sleeve 410 can be with It is provided with annular flange, screw hole is provided on annular flange, it can be by tight between such withdrawal sleeve 410 and the first side plate 431 Firmware is fixedly connected, and thereby may be ensured that installation reliability of the withdrawal sleeve 410 on the first side plate 431, and by by cabinet Setting is opened wide in 430 other side, can be conducive to the structure for simplifying cabinet 430, and avoids hindering wheel shaft 2010 mobile.
Wherein, wheel can also include other component to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000, to realize other corresponding functions.Below again Wheel according to an embodiment of the present invention is described in detail to the other component of gear wheel dismounting machine 1000 in conjunction with attached drawing.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, wheel according to an embodiment of the present invention can also include: chassis to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000 500, feeding device 600 and waggon 700, chassis 500 can fix on the ground, and the upper surface of chassis 500 can be plate Shape, rack 100 can be fixed on the upper surface of chassis 500, and there are many fixed forms, for example, bolt is fixed, for another example, welding It is fixed.
Feeding device 600 be arranged on chassis 500, and feeding device 600 upper discharge position a1 and discharge position a2 it Between can rotate.It is understood that feeding can use manual type, that is to say, that staff can be in upper discharge position Wheel with gear wheel is placed at the feeding device 600 of upper discharge position a1 by a1 to 2000, and then feeding device 600 can be adopted Wheel is transported into discharge position a2 to 2000 with the mode of rotation.
Waggon 700 is arranged on chassis 500, and waggon 700 can move between discharge position a2 and rack 100 It is dynamic.Waggon 700 receive the wheel with gear wheel to 2000, then by the wheel pair in discharge position a2 as a result, 2000 are transported at rack 100, left oil cylinder 200 and right oil cylinder 300 synchronize be clamped wheel shaft 2010, move back handler 400 into Row gear wheel and moving back for two side bearings are unloaded, and moving back the wheel shaft 2010 unloaded after completing can be again placed on waggon 700, are conveyed Wheel shaft 2010 can be transported at discharge position a2 by vehicle 700, fix wheel shaft in discharge position a2 feeding device 600 2010, discharge position a1 is then turned to, staff transports the wheel shaft 2010 for unloading completion is moved back.
Wheel according to an embodiment of the present invention is to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000 as a result, can by the way that feeding device 600 is arranged, Simplify feeding and discharge process, wheel can be improved to the working efficiency of gear wheel dismounting machine 1000, can reduce staff's Labor intensity can save human cost.
Wherein, guide rail can be equipped on chassis 500, guide rail extends between rack 100 and feeding device 600, such as Fig. 2 With shown in Fig. 3, the extending direction of guide rail can be front-rear direction.By the way that guide rail is arranged, waggon 700 can be promoted in chassis Conveying stability on 500, and the transfer efficiency of waggon 700 can be promoted.
Moreover, be provided with lifting supporting element 710 on waggon 700, lifting supporting element 710 be it is multiple, for example, three, In two lifting supporting elements 710 can be respectively supported at two ends of wheel shaft 2010, the last one lifting supporting element 710 can To support the gear-box on wheel shaft 2010.It should be noted that the specific structure and working principle of lifting supporting element 710 are ability The known technology of field technique personnel, this will not be detailed here.Moreover, left oil cylinder 200 and 300 drive shaft 2010 of right oil cylinder to the left Above-mentioned multiple lifting supporting elements 710 synchronize to the left or move right when perhaps moving right, and are provided on waggon 700 The guide rail cooperated with multiple lifting supporting elements 710, the extending direction of guide rail can be left and right directions.
A specific embodiment according to the present invention, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, wheel can be with to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000 Include: that driving motor 510, driving gear 520 and pivoting support 530, driving motor 510 are fixed on chassis 500, drives gear 520 fixations are set on driving motor 510, and pivoting support 530 is fixed on feeding device 600, and pivoting support 530 and drive Moving gear 520 cooperates, and pivoting support 530 may be constructed the rotation section of feeding device 600.What driving motor 510 generated in this way is dynamic Power can be by driving gear 520 to pass to pivoting support 530, and pivoting support 530 can drive feeding device 600 in upper material position It sets and is rotated between a1 and discharge position a2.Feeding device 600 realizes that the mode of rotation is simple and reliable as a result, at low cost.
Optionally, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 5, the angle between upper discharge position a1 and discharge position a2 can be 180 °.Change speech It, feeding device 600, which rotates 180 °, can be completed wheel to 2000 switching between upper discharge position a1 and discharge position a2, in this way 600 rotational angle of feeding device is small, and rotational efficienty is high, and delivery wheel is reliable to 2000.
Further, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, feeding device 600 may include: main body 610 and wheel to arm 620, main body 610 are arranged on chassis 500, and main body 610 can rotate between upper discharge position a1 and discharge position a2.Wherein, wheel pair Arm 620, for example, support fixed form for another example lifts fixed form, for another example, can be pressed from both sides using various ways fast pulley to 2000 Fixed form is held, is illustrated for gripping mode below.Wheel can be used for gripping wheel to 2000 to arm 620, Since wheel is fixed on feeding device 600 arm 620, when main body 610 rotates between upper discharge position a1 and discharge position a2, Wheel rotates 620 synchronous belt driving wheel of arm to 2000 between upper discharge position a1 and discharge position a2, can feeding be filled in this way 600 slow-roll stabilizations are set, and wheel can be made to stablize 2000 clampings.
Optionally, as shown in figure 5, the section of main body 610 can be rectangle, wheel can be multiple and multiple to arm 620 Wheel is separately positioned in the opposite two side walls of main body 610 arm 620.It is understood that two opposite sides of main body 610 Corresponding rotational angle is 180 ° between wall, so as to convenient for wheel to arm 620 upper discharge position a1 and discharge position a2 it Between switch, a wheel with gear wheel can be transported to arm 620 to 2000 from upper discharge position a1 and unloaded by the wheel of such side Discharge position a2, the wheel of the other side can will move back the wheel after unloading gear wheel to arm 620 and be transported to feeding from discharge position a2 to 2000 Position a1, is then transported away, so as to largely improve wheel to the whole work efficiency of gear wheel dismounting machine 1000.
Specifically, as shown in figure 5, be provided in two opposite side walls of main body 610 at least two be spaced apart and it is matched Wheel is to arm 620.For example, wheel can be two to the quantity of arm 620, two wheels can mutually cooperate to arm 620, i.e., two Wheel can synchronize clamping or unlocking wheel to 2000, by two wheels of setting to arm 620, it is ensured that feeding device to arm 620 600 pairs are taken turns the conveying reliability to 2000.
Each wheel is described in detail to the structure of arm 620 in conjunction with Fig. 4 below.
As shown in figure 4, each wheel may include: trailing arm 621 and gripper jaw 623 to arm 620, support is provided on trailing arm 621 Slot 622, gripper jaw 623 are hinged on trailing arm 621, and gripper jaw 623 and bracket 622 it is opposite with clamping wheel to 2000 wheel shaft 2010.Hinged gripper jaw 623 can be rotated relative to trailing arm 621, and bracket 622 can be used for placing wheel to 2000 wheel shaft 2010, in this way after a part of wheel shaft 2010 is placed in bracket 622, gripper jaw 623 can be rotated, then by wheel shaft 2010 It is clamped in bracket 622, wherein being taken turns there are two matched to arm 620, so as to more preferable due to being arranged on the side wall of main body 610 600 pairs of feeding device wheels are improved to 2000 reliability supported and fixed in ground.
Wherein, as shown in figure 4, the drive cylinder 624 of driving gripper jaw 623 can be disposed on trailing arm 621.Drive cylinder 624 can drive 623 clamping wheel of gripper jaw to 2000 or unlocking wheel to 2000, and drive cylinder 624 is it is also possible that folder It holds pawl 623 and is maintained at clip position or releasing position, it is reliable to the clamping in arm 620 in wheel to 2000 so as to improve wheel Property.
Optionally, as shown in figure 4, cushion block 625 can be set on the upper surface of bracket 622.Cushion block 625 can play branch The effect of support and protection wheel shaft 2010, prevents trailing arm 621 from damaging to wheel shaft 2010, and wheel can be improved to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000 properties of product.
A specific embodiment according to the present invention, wheel being capable of transverse direction and/or vertical motions with respect to main body 610 to arm 620. Herein, it should be noted that wheel to arm 620 with respect to main body 610 can independent transverse movement, or wheel to arm 620 with respect to main body 610 can independent vertical motion, or wheel to arm 620 with respect to main body 610 being capable of transverse direction and vertical motion.It can rationally adjust in this way To the position of arm 620 reliable operation of feeding device 600 can be improved in order to take turns to 620 feeding of arm and discharging in section wheel Property.It can be laterally left and right directions, vertically can be up and down direction.
Further, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, it is provided with vertical guide 626 on the side wall of main body 610, is set in main body 610 It is equipped with movable block 627, movable block 627 is arranged in vertical guide 626, and cross slide way 628, wheel pair are provided on movable block 627 Arm 620 is arranged on cross slide way 628.It should be noted that movable block 627 can be positioned with respect to vertical guide 626, take turns to arm 620 relative movement blocks 627 can position.It, can be in order to taking turns to 620 phase of arm by setting vertical guide 626 and cross slide way 628 And transverse shifting vertical to main body 610, so as to preferably delivery wheel to 2000.
Wherein, as shown in figure 4, the inside of main body 610 is hollow structure, and the driving that is internally provided with of main body 610 moves The lifting cylinder 629 of motion block 627.Lifting cylinder 629 can have the effect that driving movable block 627 is gone up and down, and by that will rise Drop oil cylinder 629 is arranged in the inside of main body 610, can rationally utilize 610 inner space of main body, feeding device 600 can be improved Space utilization rate, can reduce wheel to the volume of gear wheel dismounting machine 1000.
Wheel according to an embodiment of the present invention is described in detail so that wheel shown in Fig. 3 is to gear wheel dismounting machine 1000 as an example again below To the course of work of gear wheel dismounting machine 1000.
Two wheels positioned at the side upper discharge position a1 of feeding device 600 are fixed on highest position to arm 620 and (move The extreme higher position that block 627 can reach), the wheel with gear wheel is placed on two above-mentioned wheels to arm to 2000 by staff In 620 bracket 622, drive cylinder 624 drives gripper jaw 623 to clamp wheel shaft 2010, and main body 610 is turned to from upper discharge position a1 Discharge position a2, simultaneously, waggon 700 are moved to the underface of discharge position a2, and lifting cylinder 629 drives movable block 627 drop to setting height, and then gripper jaw 623 discharges wheel shaft 2010, the lifting branch that wheel is placed on waggon 700 to 2000 In support member 710, wherein lifting supporting element 710 and wheel are staggered setting to arm 620.
Then, waggon 700 is moved to from rack 100 from discharge position a2, has gone up and down the bearing height of supporting element 710 Setting, consistent with the center line of left oil cylinder 200 and right oil cylinder 300, the piston rod of left oil cylinder 200 and right oil cylinder 300 stretches out respectively, And the top axle end center hole for heading into wheel shaft 2010 is to support wheel shaft 2010.
Left oil cylinder 200 drive shaft 2010 synchronous with right oil cylinder 300 moves from left to right, the bearing on the right side of gear wheel It can be extend into the inside of withdrawal sleeve 410, with the movement of wheel shaft 2010, withdrawal sleeve 410 can only be against the right side of gear wheel On surface, then from wheel shaft 2010 move back synchronous with the bearing on the left of gear wheel of gear wheel is unloaded down.In the process, It moves back and unloads inserted sheet 420 and be located at the second position.
Later, it moves back and unloads inserted sheet 420 and can be moved to from first position from the second position, move back unload that inserted sheet 420 is whole to be inserted in this way Enter to the outside of wheel shaft 2010, and move back unload the left side that inserted sheet 420 can be located at the right side bearing at this time, then left oil cylinder 200 Moved from right to left with right 300 drive shaft 2010 of oil cylinder, move back unload inserted sheet 420 stop the right side bearing with to the right side bearing into Row is moved back and is unloaded, so as to complete to wheel on 2000 gear wheel and moving back for two side bearings unload.
It moves back after the completion of unloading, waggon 700 is picked out the wheel shaft after unloading 2010 is moved back, and is then moved to discharge position a2, feeding Two wheels positioned at the side discharge position a2 of device 600 can hold up wheel shaft 2010 to arm 620, and then gripper jaw 623 clamps Wheel shaft 2010, then extreme higher position is risen to, main body 610 rotates between upper discharge position a1 and discharge position a2, will move back and unloads completion Wheel be transported to the side upper discharge position a1 to 2000, staff is transported away the wheel shaft 2010 for unloading completion is moved back.At the same time, another A wheel shaft 2010 with gear wheel turns to discharge position a2 from upper discharge position a1, is unloaded with starting to carry out moving back for gear wheel.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " specifically show The description of example " or " some examples " etc. means specific features, structure, material or spy described in conjunction with this embodiment or example Point is included at least one embodiment or example of the invention.In the present specification, schematic expression of the above terms are not It must be directed to identical embodiment or example.Moreover, particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described can be in office It can be combined in any suitable manner in one or more embodiment or examples.In addition, without conflicting with each other, the skill of this field Art personnel can tie the feature of different embodiments or examples described in this specification and different embodiments or examples It closes and combines.
Although the embodiments of the present invention has been shown and described above, it is to be understood that above-described embodiment is example Property, it is not considered as limiting the invention, those skilled in the art within the scope of the invention can be to above-mentioned Embodiment is changed, modifies, replacement and variant.

Claims (15)

1. a kind of wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine characterized by comprising
Rack;
Take turns shaft driver, the relative position for taking turns shaft driver and being two and being separately fixed at left and right sides of the rack;
Handler is moved back, the handler that moves back is mounted on the rack and is located between two wheel shaft drivers, described to move back Handler includes: withdrawal sleeve and moves back and unload inserted sheet, and the withdrawal sleeve is fixedly installed relative to the rack, the internal diameter of the withdrawal sleeve Greater than the diameter that the bearing outside diameter and outer diameter of wheel pair are less than the gear wheel, the withdrawal sleeve unloads the gear wheel and position for moving back Bearing in the gear wheel side, described move back are unloaded inserted sheet and are moved between the first position and the second position, it is described move back unload it is slotting At the first position, described move back unloads inserted sheet suitable for sleeve on the wheel shaft of the wheel pair and for against the gear wheel to piece The bearing of side, described move back unload inserted sheet in the second position, and described move back unloads inserted sheet far from the wheel shaft.
2. wheel according to claim 1 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that described to move back handler further include: cabinet, The cabinet is fixed in the rack, and the withdrawal sleeve is fixed on the side towards the gear wheel of the cabinet, described It moves back and unloads inserted sheet setting in the cabinet.
3. wheel according to claim 1 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that the cross section of the withdrawal sleeve is C-shaped, And/or described move back unloads inserted sheet and is in U-shape.
4. wheel according to claim 2 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that further include: for driving described move back to unload The actuator that inserted sheet moves between the first position and the second position.
5. wheel according to claim 4 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that further include: block, the actuator peace On the cabinet, the block is mounted on the side close to the wheel shaft on the cabinet and being located at the actuator, It is provided with the through slot extended radially through along the wheel shaft on the block, described move back is unloaded inserted sheet and be adapted to extend into the through slot until moving It moves to the second position.
6. wheel according to claim 2 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that be provided with the on the side of the cabinet Side plate, the withdrawal sleeve are mounted on first side plate, and setting is opened wide in the other side of the cabinet.
7. wheel according to claim 1 to 6 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that further include:
Chassis, the rack are fixed on the chassis;
Feeding device, the feeding device is arranged can be rotated on the chassis and between upper discharge position and discharge position;
Waggon, the waggon is arranged to be moved on the chassis and between the discharge position and the rack.
8. wheel according to claim 7 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that further include:
Driving motor, the driving motor are fixed on the chassis;
Gear is driven, the driving gear fixing sleeve is located on the driving motor;
Pivoting support, the pivoting support are fixed on the feeding device and cooperate with the driving gear.
9. wheel according to claim 7 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that the upper discharge position and the discharge level Angle between setting is 180 °.
10. wheel according to claim 7 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that the feeding device includes:
Main body, the main body is arranged can be rotated on the chassis and between the upper discharge position and the discharge position;
To arm, the wheel is arranged in arm on the side wall of the main body wheel.
11. wheel according to claim 10 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that the section of the main body is rectangle, The wheel is multiple to arm and is separately positioned in the opposite two side walls of the main body.
12. wheel according to claim 11 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that two opposite side walls of the main body On be provided at least two be spaced apart and it is matched wheel to arm.
13. it is according to claim 11 wheel to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that it is each it is described wheel include: to arm
Trailing arm is provided with bracket on the trailing arm;
Gripper jaw, the gripper jaw is hinged on the trailing arm and the wheel shaft to clamp the wheel pair opposite with the bracket.
14. wheel according to claim 10 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that the wheel is to the relatively described main body of arm It can transverse direction and/or vertical motion.
15. wheel according to claim 14 is to gear wheel dismounting machine, which is characterized in that be provided on the side wall of the main body Vertical guide, movable block is provided in the main body, and the movable block is arranged in the vertical guide, sets on the movable block It is equipped with cross slide way, arm is arranged on the cross slide way in the wheel.
CN201710150535.0A 2017-03-14 2017-03-14 Wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine Active CN106799585B (en)

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CN201710150535.0A CN106799585B (en) 2017-03-14 2017-03-14 Wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710150535.0A CN106799585B (en) 2017-03-14 2017-03-14 Wheel is to gear wheel dismounting machine

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CN106799585B true CN106799585B (en) 2019-11-19

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CN203636334U (en) * 2014-01-03 2014-06-11 湖北合强机械发展有限公司 Wheel set demounting machine for lorries
CN203887487U (en) * 2014-06-16 2014-10-22 湖北合强机械发展股份有限公司 Wheel set removing machine
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CN104759796B (en) * 2015-04-08 2016-06-29 苏州市吴中区木渎华利模具加工店 Three station mechanical hands of condenser elastic step nut fitting machine
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