CN106768042A - Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system and monitoring method based on photovoltaic technology - Google Patents

Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system and monitoring method based on photovoltaic technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106768042A
CN106768042A CN201611175496.1A CN201611175496A CN106768042A CN 106768042 A CN106768042 A CN 106768042A CN 201611175496 A CN201611175496 A CN 201611175496A CN 106768042 A CN106768042 A CN 106768042A
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China
Prior art keywords
information
module
real
agricultural
time
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CN201611175496.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈大彤
李佳丹
徐志豪
倪建刚
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Ningbo Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Ningbo Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201611175496.1A priority Critical patent/CN106768042A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system and monitoring method based on photovoltaic technology.The monitoring system includes power supply, first order information Store processes module, multiple information monitoring modules, information transfer module, second-level message storage treatment module and display control terminal, the power supply provides electric energy and by the working condition of first order information Store treatment module control described information monitoring module using based on photovoltaic technology distributed power supply management mode, described information monitors module Real-time Collection site environment Agricultural Information, and after being processed by first order information Store treatment module, transmitted to second-level message storage treatment module through described information transmission module, after the second-level message storage treatment module is processed to the real-time live Agricultural Information for receiving, the Agricultural Information through processing is fed back to the display control terminal.Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system of the invention improves operation possibility, realizes the transparence of crop growth environment parameter, contributes to operating personnel to improve crop growth environment in real time, optimizes growth environment.

Description

Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system and monitoring method based on photovoltaic technology
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to Agricultural Information, especially, it is related to a kind of agriculture site environment parameter information based on photovoltaic technology Remote intelligent monitoring system and intelligent control method.
【Background technology】
In the prior art, there are following three kinds of methods, a kind of method for monitoring in the agriculture production environments such as proportion of crop planting Be ambient parameter monitoring almost all using manual measurement and monitoring, once discovery has any problem, all using manually adjusting The method of humiture, it is impossible to realize remote job;
Another method is that ambient conditions by virtue of experience judges, ambient parameter is adjusted by conventional experience, and by mistake Difference is larger;
The third method is to install existing cable environment monitoring system, installs, connects up inconvenience, and power pack is dangerous Or it is inadequate;
Above-mentioned three kinds of methods all can not well ensure that agricultural product are grown in an environment for the humiture of stabilization, and mesh The preceding fine means not being monitored to the soil environment of crops.
In view of this, it is necessary to which the remote intelligent monitoring system and intelligence for providing a kind of agriculture site environment parameter information are adjusted Prosecutor method, to solve the above mentioned problem of prior art presence.
【The content of the invention】
In view of prior art is to crop environment parameter information detection difficult and inaccurate technical problem, the present invention is provided A kind of monitoring system of the real-time remote monitoring agricultural environment parameter information based on photovoltaic technology.
The present invention also provides a kind of using the above-mentioned real-time remote monitoring agricultural environment parameter letter based on photovoltaic technology simultaneously The monitoring method of the monitoring system of breath.
A kind of Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology, it includes power supply, first order information Store Treatment module, multiple information monitoring modules, information transfer module, second-level message storage treatment module and display control terminal, The power supply provides electric energy using the distributed power supply management mode based on photovoltaic technology, and is processed by first order information Store Module control described information monitors the working condition of module, and described information monitors module Real-time Collection site environment Agricultural Information, And judge whether to need temporary transient data storage and when by information transfer through the treatment module treatment of corresponding first order information Store Module is transmitted to second-level message storage treatment module, and second-level message storage treatment module is to the multiple that receives After real-time Agricultural Information is processed, live Agricultural Information of the feedback through processing to the display control terminal is described aobvious Show that control instruction is transmitted module and feeds back to the second-level message storage treatment module successively by control terminal by described information And the first order information Store treatment module.
A kind of as the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology provided in the present invention improves, institute Stating power supply includes any one in solar battery group, batteries or energy capacitance set and corresponding charge and discharge control Protection circuit, the solar battery group produces electric energy using solar energy, by charge and discharge control protection circuit correspondence electricity Connect the batteries or energy capacitance set and electric energy is provided, the batteries or energy capacitance set are by the discharge and recharge Control protection electric circuit provides electric energy to multiple described informations monitoring module respectively.
A kind of as the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology provided in the present invention improves, institute Stating information monitoring module includes aerial temperature and humidity sensor, ambient light illumination sensor, soil temperature-moisture sensor, air pressure sensing In device, rainfall detection equipment, dew point transducer, wind sensor, soil nutrient sensor and gas concentration lwevel sensor Any one or it is various.
A kind of as the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology provided in the present invention improves, institute It is wireless information transfer module to state information transfer module, its pass through WIFI communication networks, GSM communication network, cdma communication network, Any one in infrared communication, Bluetooth communication, LORA communications, GPRS communication networks, ZigBee transceivers realizes confidence in the future The real-time Agricultural Information of breath monitoring module is transmitted to described information storage treatment module.
A kind of as the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology provided in the present invention improves, institute Stating first order information Store treatment module includes memory and processor, and the memory presets the standard agricultural information that is stored with, The Agricultural Information includes aerial temperature and humidity parameter area, standard environment illuminance parameter area, standard soil humiture parameter Scope, standard pressure parameter area, standard rainfall parameter area, standard dew point parameter area, standard air parameter area, mark Quasi- soil nutrient parameter area and standard carbon dioxide parameter area, described information storage treatment module are received and come from described information The real-time Agricultural Information value of module is monitored, and is compared with default Agricultural Information standard value in the memory, the processor When comparative result according to preset standard value and the Agricultural Information value of real-time monitoring presses set in advance by information transfer module Between space requirement, immediately or periodically transmit to the second-level message storage treatment module, by the second level believe After breath storage treatment module treatment, display control terminal is finally reached.
A kind of as the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology provided in the present invention improves, institute Stating system also includes warning device, and the warning device is according to the processor according to preset standard value and the agricultural of real-time monitoring The comparative result of the value of information selectively produces alarm signal, feeds back to display control terminal, when described information monitoring module monitoring To real-time Agricultural Information value beyond memory it is default be stored with standard agricultural information parameter scope when, then the warning device is produced Raw alarm signal is transmitted to the display control terminal;When the real-time Agricultural Information value that described information monitoring module is monitored falls into Memory is preset when being stored with standard agricultural information parameter scope, then the warning device does not produce alarm signal.
A kind of as the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology provided in the present invention improves, institute Stating information transfer module also includes encryption device, and the encryption device is deposited to being transmitted to described information from described information monitoring module The real-time Agricultural Information of storage treatment module is encrypted transmission.
A kind of as the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology provided in the present invention improves, institute State second-level message storage treatment module and module is transmitted by described information with multiple first order information Store treatment modules Exchange data is simultaneously recorded in database;The display control terminal keeps two-way number with second-level message storage treatment module According to link, the display control terminal selectively assigns modification instruction, passes sequentially through the second-level message storage treatment module And leave record, information transfer module, be finally reached the first order information Store treatment module, change first order information Store Process the internal standard value and work behavior of module.
A kind of monitoring method of the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology, comprises the following steps:Carry For the distributed power supply management system based on photovoltaic technology;Information monitoring module is provided, the distributed power supply management system is carried The working condition of module, described information monitoring module real-time monitoring agricultural scene are monitored for controlling electric energy described information, and is gathered Agriculture real time information;First information storage treatment module, the first order information Store treatment module control described information are provided The working condition of module is monitored, described information monitors module Real-time Collection site environment Agricultural Information, and through the corresponding first order Information Store treatment module treatment judges whether to need temporary transient data storage and when is transmitted to described the by information transfer module Second-level message storage treatment module;Information transfer module is provided, the real-time Agricultural Information of module is monitored in transmission from described information; Second information Store treatment module is provided, the real-time Agricultural Information from information transfer module is received, and believe with default agricultural Breath reference value compares, and according to comparative result feedback control signal;Display control terminal is provided, is received from information Store treatment The real-time Agricultural Information and control signal of module.
One kind as the monitoring method in Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system of the present invention based on photovoltaic technology changes Enter, described information storage treatment module includes memory and processor, the memory presets the Agricultural Information ginseng of storage standard Number scope, when real-time Agricultural Information to described information of the described information transmission module transmission from described information monitoring module is stored During treatment module, the real-time Agricultural Information that the memory is relatively received and the standard agricultural information for prestoring, if received Real-time Agricultural Information and the standard agricultural information match for prestoring, then feed back real-time Agricultural Information to display control terminal;Such as The real-time Agricultural Information that receives of fruit and the standard agricultural information for prestoring are mismatched, then feedback alarm information is to display control end End.
In the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system and monitoring method that the present invention is provided, using independent based on photovoltaic The distributed power supply management mode of technology provides the working condition that controlling electric energy described information monitors module, ensures the real-time of monitoring Carry out, it is to avoid the interference due to factors such as line fault, power cut constructions to monitoring.Meanwhile, in information monitoring of the invention Using being wirelessly transferred, its influence for breaking away from available data line realizes long-range, having in the working environment of harsh environmental conditions to module The possibility of monitoring is imitated, reduction human factor causes the limitation to crop growth environment.On the other hand, in whole monitoring process In, also provide appropriate signal prompting function so that operating personnel effectively judges the quality of current growing environment, and correspondence is adopted Taking measure improves environment, to ensure that crops grow in excellent growing environment.
【Brief description of the drawings】
Technical scheme in order to illustrate more clearly the embodiments of the present invention, embodiment will be described below used in Accompanying drawing is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, for ability For the those of ordinary skill of domain, on the premise of not paying creative work, can also obtain other attached according to these accompanying drawings Figure, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a kind of Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system circuit theory schematic diagram based on photovoltaic technology;
Fig. 2 is power supply architecture schematic diagram shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of information monitoring module shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is that the monitoring method flow of the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology shown in Fig. 1 is illustrated Figure.
【Specific embodiment】
The technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below, it is clear that described implementation Example is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, this area is common All other embodiment that technical staff is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the model of present invention protection Enclose.
Fig. 1 is referred to, is the framework of the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology that the present invention is provided Structural representation.The Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system 2 include power supply 21, the first order information Store treatment module 22, Multiple information monitoring modules 23, information transfer module 25, second-level message storage treatment module 27, warning device 28 and display control Terminal processed 29.The power supply 21 provides electric energy to described information and monitors module 23.It is existing that described information monitoring module 23 monitors agricultural The on-site parameters information of field environment.The first order information Store treatment module 22 control described information monitors the work of module 23 State.Real-time parameter information to second information Store that the described information transmission transmission of monitoring of module 25 is arrived processes module 27. After the real-time agriculture parameter information that the second information Store treatment module 27 pairs is received is analyzed, feedback comparison result is extremely The display control terminal 29.The selective feedback control signal of the warning device 28 is to display control terminal 29.
Fig. 2 is referred to, is the structural representation of power supply shown in Fig. 1.The power supply 21 is using the distribution based on photovoltaic technology Formula power management provides the working condition that controlling electric energy described information monitors module 23.The power supply 21 includes solar-electricity Pond group 211 and batteries or energy capacitance set 212, charge and discharge control protection circuit 213.The solar battery group 211 with The batteries or energy capacitance set 212, the correspondence of charge and discharge control protection circuit 213 are electrically connected.The batteries or storage Energy capacitance group 212 is powered by the charge and discharge control protection circuit 213 to the multiple information monitoring module 23 correspondence, is ensured The normal work of the multiple information monitoring module 23.The solar battery group 211 is located in remote scene agricultural environment, its Receive solar energy, and correspondence is converted into electric energy and is transmitted to the batteries or energy storage by charge and discharge control protection circuit 213 Capacitance group 212 is stored.In remote scene agricultural environment, the work of the solar energy 211 need not be limited to conventional electric power and set Standby construction infection, is receiving light irradiation area, corresponds to and produces electric energy.The generating efficiency of the solar battery group 211 Depending on the light conditions at scene.The batteries or energy capacitance set 212 are by the electricity from the solar battery group 211 Can storage, the supply first order information Store treatment module 22, the need of work of multiple information monitoring modules 23.The electric power storage Pond group or energy capacitance set 212 and charge and discharge control protection circuit 213 are correspondingly arranged with the multiple information monitoring module 23, institute State first order information Store treatment module 22 to be correspondingly arranged respectively with described information monitoring module 23, specifically, it can be Each electric capacity correspondence matching of one information monitoring module 23 is set, or the batteries or energy capacitance set and discharge and recharge The electrical connection corresponding with described information monitoring module 23 respectively of control protection electric circuit 212.Described information monitors the Real-time Collection of module 23 Site environment Agricultural Information, and judge whether to need temporarily to store number through the treatment treatment of module 22 of corresponding first order information Store According to and when by information transfer module 25 transmit to the second-level message storage treatment module 27.
When solar battery group 211 described in sunlight, the work of the solar battery group 211 generates electricity, its generation Electric energy stored to the batteries or energy capacitance set 212 by charge and discharge control protection circuit 213.The batteries Or energy capacitance set 212 is not limited by illumination condition, it provides long-term electric energy to maintain described information to monitor module 23 all the time In setting working condition normal work.First order information Store treatment module 22 while agricultural data is transmitted, Transmit the working status parameter of power supply 21, including the production capacity of solar battery group 211, information monitoring module 23 and first order information The operating power consumption of storage treatment module 22 and the energy storage state of batteries or energy capacitance set 212 etc..When long-term illumination is not enough Cause the storage energy of batteries or energy capacitance set 212 relatively low, or long-term illumination is not enough in the future to receive instruction forecast When, first order information Store processes module 22 by the gap periods of the correspondingly frequency of adjustment data acquisition and/or data transfer, The DATA REASONING and transmission for ensuring limit priority can be protected.
Fig. 3 is referred to, is the structural representation of information monitoring module shown in Fig. 1.Described information monitoring module 23 includes sky Temperature and moisture sensor 231, ambient light illumination sensor 232, soil temperature-moisture sensor 233, baroceptor 234, rainfall Amount detection equipment 235, dew point transducer 236, wind sensor 237, soil nutrient sensor 238, gas concentration lwevel sensing Various parameters harvester in the grade plant growing process of device 239.It is well known that crops are in whole growth cycle, Different growth phases, its requirement to ambient parameter is also different, likewise, in different growing environments, the agriculture Ambient parameter required for crop also tends to change, another aspect, different crop species, its different phase and varying environment In Growing Demand is also varied from.So, for the crops growth needs of varying environment, to ensure the excellent life of crops Environment long, it is necessary to operating personnel's active accommodation improve crops real-time growing environment, such as:Temperature parameter, humidity parameter, soil Earth composition parameter, gas concentration lwevel, wind-force parameter, ambient light illumination, dew point parameter, pneumatic parameter, rainfall parameter etc., close Growth of the suitable parameter to crops is favourable, and the parameter can be what is manually adjusted.
In the present invention, described information monitoring module 23 is not limited to the sensor terminal, and it can also be air Temperature Humidity Sensor 231, ambient light illumination sensor 232, soil temperature-moisture sensor 233, baroceptor 234, rainfall Detection equipment 235, dew point transducer 236, wind sensor 237, soil nutrient sensor 238, gas concentration lwevel sensor Any one in 239 or multiple combination, parameter needed for specifically chosen which kind of sensor is grown up to different crops are related.When When described information monitoring module 23 works, parameter in its Real-time Collection current environment as Agricultural Information, including but not limited to The parameters such as humiture, illuminance, pneumatic parameter, rainfall, dew point parameter, wind-force, soil constituent and gas concentration lwevel.It is described The collection period of information monitoring module 23 can freely set as needed.
Described information transmission module 25 is wireless signal transmission, and described information is wirelessly monitored module by it After the 23 real-time live Agricultural Information for monitoring judge through the first order information Store treatment treatment of module 22, transmit to described Second-level message storage treatment module 27.Specifically, described information transmission module 25 can be ZigBee transceivers, infrared receipts Hair device, bluetooth transceiver, LORA communications, gsm communication module, cdma communication module and GPRS communication modules etc. can be realized certain The wireless signal transmission of distance, its pass through ZigBee signals, infrared signal, Bluetooth signal, GSM, LORA signal, CDMA, GPRS signal transmission Agricultural Information.The first order information Store treatment module 22 and second-level message storage treatment module Between 27 by described information transmit module 25 realize closely, intermediate range distance or at a distance data exchange.Certainly, as The further improvement of above-mentioned implementation method, every use Radio Transmission Technology realizes signal transmission, comes under creation of the invention Objective, it omits the cost that the construction of entity line architecture is reduced using the entity line transmission signal of redundancy, convenient working and maintenance.
The first order information Store treatment module 22 is similar with second information Store treatment module 27.Described first Level information Store treatment module 22 includes memory 221 and processor 223.The second-level message storage treatment module 27 includes Memory 271 and processor 273.The first order information Store treatment module 22 is received from multiple information monitoring modules 23 Real-time Agricultural Information.The first order information Store treatment module 22 control described information monitors the working condition of module 23, institute The Real-time Collection site environment Agricultural Information of information monitoring module 23 is stated, and through the corresponding first order information Store treatment module 22 treatment judge whether to need temporary transient data storage and when are stored by information transfer module transmission 25 to the second-level message Treatment module 27, Agricultural Information is processed the multiple that the second-level message storage treatment module 27 pairs is received in real time Afterwards, live Agricultural Information of the feedback through processing is to the display control terminal 29.
The first order information Store treatment module 22 includes memory 221 and processor 223, and the memory 221 is pre- If being stored with standard agricultural information, the Agricultural Information includes aerial temperature and humidity parameter area, standard environment illuminance parameter model Enclose, standard soil humiture parameter area, standard pressure parameter area, standard rainfall parameter area, standard dew point parameter model Enclose, standard air parameter area, standard soil nutrient parameter area and standard carbon dioxide parameter area, the first information deposits Storage treatment module 22 receives the real-time Agricultural Information value that module 23 is monitored from described information, and pre- with the memory 221 If Agricultural Information standard value compare, ratio of the processor 221 according to preset standard value and the Agricultural Information value of real-time monitoring Relatively result, by time interval requirement set in advance, is transmitted to described second immediately or periodically by information transfer module Level information Store treatment module 27, after second-level message storage treatment module 27 is processed, is finally reached display control Terminal 19.
The various canonical parameters of the crop growth different phase of the standard that is stored with are preset in the memory 221, it is described Parameter includes being suitable to the parameter upper limit and lower limit of crops growth.That is, when ambient parameter is fallen into the interval range, Then crop can be with normal growth, conversely, can then influence the growth of crops.The canonical parameter is continuous by agricultural research institute Experimental study determines.The parameter value in different regions, such as indoor and outdoor, all have any different by different dimensions.When the described first letter After breath storage treatment module 22 receives the real-time Agricultural Information from information monitoring module 23, and the memory is stored in 221 canonical parameter information compares, when the real-time Agricultural Information falls into the canonical parameter letter for being stored in the memory 221 When in the range of breath, then the correspondence of the processor 223 feeds back real-time Agricultural Information to long-range display control according to the comparative result Terminal 29 is with display.When the real-time Agricultural Information exceeds the canonical parameter range of information for being stored in the memory 221, then Processor 223 produces control signal to the warning device 28.
The warning device 28 produces alarm signal to the display control terminal according to the control signal for receiving, correspondence 29.The warning device 28 can be the light-emitting device of setpoint color, or the sound-producing device of setting, not limit specifically, all It is that the device for realizing watchful difference function comes under creation objective of the invention.Such as, when the real-time Agricultural Information is beyond storage When being stored in the canonical parameter range of information of the memory 221, then processor 223 produces control signal to the warning device 28, the correspondence of the warning device 28 sends short message prompt signal to display control terminal 29.The short message prompt signal, color letter Number grade is all considered as warning message.
The display control terminal 29 is mobile phone, or remote computer, and it can be freely received from multiple information prisons The real-time parameter information of module 23 is surveyed, tells that parameter information transparence shows the real-time growing environment of target crops, with watchful Operating personnel in real time according to monitoring result adjust crops growing environment, with ensure crops in excellent growing environment into It is long.
Fig. 4 is referred to again, is the monitoring method schematic diagram of Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system shown in Fig. 1.Work as use When the long-range crop growth environment of Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system 2 pairs based on photovoltaic technology is monitored, it includes Following steps:
Step S1, there is provided distributed power supply management system;
Step S2, there is provided information monitoring module 23, the distributed power supply management system provides controlling electric energy described information The working condition of module 23, described information monitoring module 23 real-time monitoring agricultural scene are monitored, and gathers agriculture real time information;
Step S3, there is provided first information storage treatment module 22, the first order information Store treatment control of module 22 institute The working condition of information monitoring module 23 is stated, described information monitors the Real-time Collection site environment Agricultural Information of module 23, and through right The first order information Store treatment treatment of module 22 answered judges whether to need temporary transient data storage and when by information transfer module Transmission 25 to second-level message storage processes module 27;
The real-time Agricultural Information of module 23 is monitored in step S4, there is provided information transfer module 25, transmission from described information;
Step S5, there is provided the second information Store processes module 27, receives the real-time agricultural letter from information transfer module 25 Breath, and compare with default Agricultural Information reference value, and according to comparative result feedback control signal;
Step S6, there is provided warning device 28, it is according to the comparative result of step S4, selective output alarm signal;
Step S7, there is provided display control terminal, 29, receive the real-time agricultural letter from the second information Store treatment module 27 Breath and control signal.
Wherein in step s 6, when the real-time Agricultural Information falls into the canonical parameter letter for being stored in the memory 221 When in the range of breath, then the correspondence of the processor 223 feeds back real-time Agricultural Information to display control terminal 29 according to the comparative result To show.When the real-time Agricultural Information exceeds the canonical parameter range of information for being stored in the memory 221, then processor 223 produce control signal to the warning device 28, and the warning device 28 exports alarm signal according to the control signal for receiving Number to display control terminal 29.
Certainly, as the further improvement of above-mentioned Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system 2, in above-mentioned signals transmission In, the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system 2 can also increase encryption device, and the encryption device from described information to supervising Survey module 23 and transmit to the real-time Agricultural Information of described information storage treatment module 27 and be encrypted transmission, and from described information Storage treatment module 27 to the real-time Agricultural Information of the display control terminal 29 is encrypted transmission, ensures data safety.
The second-level message storage treatment module 27 passes through institute with multiple first order information Store treatment modules 22 State the exchange data of information transfer module 25 and record in database;The display control terminal 29 is stored with the second-level message Treatment module 27 keeps bi-directional data link, and the selectivity of the display control terminal 29 assigns modification instruction, passes sequentially through described Second-level message storage treatment module 27 simultaneously leaves record, information transfer module, is finally reached at the first order information Store Reason module 22, changes the internal standard value and work behavior of first order information Store treatment module 22.
In Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system 2 of the invention and monitoring method, using independent distributed power source Way to manage provides the working condition that controlling electric energy described information monitors module 23, ensures carrying out in real time for monitoring, it is to avoid due to Interference of the factors such as line fault, power cut construction to monitoring.Meanwhile, in information monitoring module 23 of the invention using wireless Transmission, its influence for breaking away from available data line realized long-range, in the working environment of harsh environmental conditions effectively monitoring can Can, reduction human factor causes the limitation to crop growth environment.On the other hand, in whole monitoring process, also provide Appropriate signal prompting function so that operating personnel effectively judges the quality of current growing environment, and correspondence takes measures to change Kind environment, to ensure that crops grow in excellent growing environment.
Above-described is only embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted here that for one of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the concept of the premise of the invention, improvement can also be made, but these belong to protection model of the invention Enclose.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology, it is characterised in that believe including power supply, the first order Breath storage treatment module, multiple information monitoring modules, information transfer module, second-level message storage treatment module and display control Terminal, the power supply provides electric energy using the distributed power supply management mode based on photovoltaic technology, and is deposited by first order information Storage treatment module control described information monitors the working condition of module, described information monitoring module Real-time Collection site environment agricultural Information, and judge whether to need temporary transient data storage and when by information through the treatment module treatment of corresponding first order information Store Transmission module transmitted to second-level message storage treatment module, and second-level message storage treatment module is to receiving After multiple is in real time or time delay Agricultural Information is processed, live Agricultural Information of the feedback through processing to the display control end Control instruction is transmitted module and feeds back to the second-level message storage successively by end, the display control terminal by described information Treatment module and first order information Store treatment module.
2. the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute Stating power supply includes any one in solar battery group, batteries or energy capacitance set and corresponding charge and discharge control Protection circuit, the solar battery group produces electric energy using solar energy, by charge and discharge control protection circuit correspondence electricity Connect the batteries or energy capacitance set and electric energy is provided, the batteries or energy capacitance set are by the discharge and recharge Control protection electric circuit provides electric energy to multiple described informations monitoring module respectively.
3. the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute Stating information monitoring module includes aerial temperature and humidity sensor, ambient light illumination sensor, soil temperature-moisture sensor, air pressure sensing In device, rainfall detection equipment, dew point transducer, wind sensor, soil nutrient sensor and gas concentration lwevel sensor Any one or it is various.
4. the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology according to claim 3, it is characterised in that institute It is wireless information transfer module to state information transfer module, its pass through WIFI communication networks, GSM communication network, cdma communication network, Any one in infrared communication, Bluetooth communication, LORA communications, GPRS communication networks, ZigBee transceivers realizes confidence in the future The real-time Agricultural Information of breath monitoring module is transmitted to described information storage treatment module.
5. the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology according to claim 3, it is characterised in that institute Stating first order information Store treatment module includes memory and processor, and the memory presets the standard agricultural information that is stored with, The Agricultural Information includes aerial temperature and humidity parameter area, standard environment illuminance parameter area, standard soil humiture parameter Scope, standard pressure parameter area, standard rainfall parameter area, standard dew point parameter area, standard air parameter area, mark Quasi- soil nutrient parameter area and standard carbon dioxide parameter area, described information storage treatment module are received and come from described information The real-time Agricultural Information value of module is monitored, and is compared with default Agricultural Information standard value in the memory, the processor When comparative result according to preset standard value and the Agricultural Information value of real-time monitoring presses set in advance by information transfer module Between space requirement, immediately or periodically transmit to the second-level message storage treatment module, by the second level believe After breath storage treatment module treatment, display control terminal is finally reached.
6. the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology according to claim 5, it is characterised in that institute Stating system also includes warning device, and the warning device is according to the processor according to preset standard value and the agricultural of real-time monitoring The comparative result of the value of information selectively produces alarm signal, feeds back to display control terminal, when described information monitoring module monitoring To real-time Agricultural Information value beyond memory it is default be stored with standard agricultural information parameter scope when, then the warning device is produced Raw alarm signal is transmitted to the display control terminal;When the real-time Agricultural Information value that described information monitoring module is monitored falls into Memory is preset when being stored with standard agricultural information parameter scope, then the warning device does not produce alarm signal.
7. the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology according to claim 5, it is characterised in that institute Stating information transfer module also includes encryption device, and the encryption device is deposited to being transmitted to described information from described information monitoring module The real-time Agricultural Information of storage treatment module is encrypted transmission.
8. the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology according to claim 6, it is characterised in that institute State second-level message storage treatment module and module is transmitted by described information with multiple first order information Store treatment modules Exchange data is simultaneously recorded in database;The display control terminal keeps two-way number with second-level message storage treatment module According to link, the display control terminal selectively assigns modification instruction, passes sequentially through the second-level message storage treatment module And leave record, information transfer module, be finally reached the first order information Store treatment module, change first order information Store Process the internal standard value and work behavior of module.
9. the Agricultural Information real-time remote monitoring system based on photovoltaic technology according to any one in claim 1-8 Monitoring method, it comprises the following steps:
Distributed power supply management system based on photovoltaic technology is provided;
Information monitoring module is provided, the distributed power supply management system provides the work that controlling electric energy described information monitors module State, described information monitoring module real-time monitoring agricultural scene, and gather agriculture real time information;
First information storage treatment module is provided, the first order information Store treatment module control described information monitoring module Working condition, described information monitoring module Real-time Collection site environment Agricultural Information, and through corresponding first order information Store at Reason module treatment judges whether to need temporary transient data storage and when transmitted to the second-level message by information transfer module to deposit Storage treatment module;
Information transfer module is provided, the real-time Agricultural Information of module is monitored in transmission from described information;
There is provided the second information Store treatment module, receive the real-time Agricultural Information from information transfer module, and with default agriculture Industry information reference value compares, and according to comparative result feedback control signal;
Display control terminal is provided, the real-time Agricultural Information and control signal that module is processed from information Store is received.
10. monitoring method according to claim 9, it is characterised in that described information storage treatment module include memory and Processor, the memory presets the Agricultural Information parameter area of storage standard, when described information transmission module transmission comes from institute When stating real-time Agricultural Information to the described information storage treatment module of information monitoring module, the reality that the memory is relatively received When the Agricultural Information and standard agricultural information for prestoring, if the real-time Agricultural Information for receiving and the standard agricultural information phase for prestoring Matching, then feed back real-time Agricultural Information to display control terminal;If the real-time Agricultural Information for receiving and the standard agriculture for prestoring Industry information is mismatched, then feedback alarm information is to display control terminal.
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