CN106766592B - Automatic door operator and the refrigerator with the device - Google Patents

Automatic door operator and the refrigerator with the device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106766592B
CN106766592B CN201611227290.9A CN201611227290A CN106766592B CN 106766592 B CN106766592 B CN 106766592B CN 201611227290 A CN201611227290 A CN 201611227290A CN 106766592 B CN106766592 B CN 106766592B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
clutch
sub
machinery
electronic
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CN201611227290.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106766592A (en
Inventor
尚亚洲
费斌
程学丽
刘金林
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Qingdao Haier Co Ltd
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Qingdao Haier Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611227290.9A priority Critical patent/CN106766592B/en
Publication of CN106766592A publication Critical patent/CN106766592A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F25D23/00General constructional features
    • F25D23/02Doors; Covers
    • F25D23/028Details

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of automatic door operator and it is provided with the refrigerator of the device;Automatic door operator includes pedestal, driving source component, transmission body and two impellers;Each impeller includes:Catch bar, the first flexible member;Transmission body includes:Two clutch gear groups;Each clutch gear group includes:The two parts mutually selectively connected, are respectively Part I and Part II;When receiving door body open signal, Part I and Part II are connected as drive state, apply one to the first flexible member towards the active force in pedestal;After the completion of door body is opened, Part I and Part II depart from drive state, Part I remains stationary state, and the first flexible member applies a tensile force to catch bar, the catch bar is moved into the pedestal, and drive the Part II of its corresponding clutch gear group to move.The setting of transmission body of the present invention, can avoid impeller in reseting procedure, the noise produced indirectly to driving source component.

Description

Automatic door operator and the refrigerator with the device
Technical field
A kind of refrigerator of the present invention on automatic door operator and the tool device.
Background technology
Medium-to-high grade refrigerator is relatively large currently on the market, door body therein, the weight of its load and door body or drawer type door The door seal suction of body is larger, and more and more user feedback refrigerator doors are not easy to open.For this problem, there is electric opening Device.
Existing electric open device, during door body is opened, motor driving screw rotates forward, screw meshing gear group Part, and then opened with carry-over bar push rod driving door body;After the completion of enabling, motor driving screw reversion, screw meshing gear group Part, and then resetted with carry-over bar push rod;This kind of electric open device, during tooth bar resets, gear assembly needs to nibble again Plying bar, noise are larger.
Therefore, it is necessary to a kind of improved automatic door operator and refrigerator with the device are provided to solve above-mentioned ask Topic.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the refrigerator of a kind of automatic door operator and the tool device.
One of for achieving the above object, an embodiment of the present invention, which provides a kind of automatic door operator, to be included:Base Seat, the driving source component being fixed in the pedestal, to promote two impellers that the door body is opened, and for engaging The transmission body of the driving source component and two impellers;
Each impeller includes:Catch bar and the connection catch bar and set away from the door body first Flexible member;
The transmission body includes:Respectively with the intermeshing two clutch gear groups of two impellers;Each clutch gear Group includes:The two parts mutually selectively connected, respectively Part I and Part II, the Part I and the driving Source device connects, and the Part II connects with the impeller;
When receiving door body open signal, the Part I and Part II of one of at least two groups of clutch gear groups connect Be connected in drive state, the driving source member drives are currently at the clutch gear group movement of drive state, with drive currently from The corresponding impeller of gear set is closed to move to open the door body to outside the pedestal;And applied to first flexible member Add one towards the active force in the pedestal;
After the completion of the door body is opened, the Part I and Part II of the current clutch gear group for driving door body to open Depart from drive state, the Part I remains stationary state of current clutch gear group, first flexible member is to institute State catch bar and apply a tensile force, the catch bar is moved into the pedestal, and drive its corresponding clutch gear The Part II movement of group.
Further as embodiment of the present invention is improved, and in two clutch gear groups, one of which is electric clutch tooth Wheel group;
The electric clutch gear group includes engaging described in one of electronic female gear of the driving source component, engagement The electronic sub- gear that impeller is set, and for the electronic of selectively connection electronic female gear and the electronic sub- gear Clutch part;
The electric clutch part includes:Mutually abut the electric clutch and electric clutch piece set;The electric clutch Device and the electronic sub- gear are detachably connected, and the electric clutch piece and electronic female gear are detachably connected;
When receiving door body open signal, electric clutch and the electric clutch piece mutually adsorbs, so that described electronic Female gear and the electronic sub- gear are removably secured connection;
After the completion of the door body is opened, electric clutch and the electric clutch piece is separated from each other, so that the electronic mother Gear and the electronic sub- gear depart from drive state.
Further as embodiment of the present invention is improved, and the electronic sub- gear includes:Electronic sub- gear meshing portions, with And the electronic sub- gear connection extended from the electronic sub- gear meshing portions;
Several engaging tooths are set on the electronic sub- gear meshing portions outer wall;
The electronic sub- gear connection includes:The first connecting portion extended from the electronic sub- gear meshing portions;From The second connecting portion that the first connecting portion is extended;The one end of the second connecting portion away from the electronic sub- gear meshing portions Offer the first positioning groove;
Electronic sub- gear meshing portions, first connecting portion and the second connecting portion are coaxially disposed;The first connecting portion Radial diameter be more than the second connecting portion radial diameter;The electronic sub- gear meshing portions engage the catch bar and set Put;
Electronic female gear parts agree with and are socketed on the first connecting portion;
The electric clutch piece agrees with and is socketed on end of the first connecting portion away from the electronic sub- gear meshing portions Portion;
The electric clutch agrees with and is socketed on the second connecting portion;
The electric clutch gear group further includes a Sealing shield ring, and the outside diameter of the Sealing shield ring is more than the second connecting portion Outside diameter, the Sealing shield ring, which agrees with, to be arranged in first positioning groove, one of end face and the electricity of the Sealing shield ring One end face of dynamic clutch abuts against.
Further as embodiment of the present invention is improved, and a backstop groove is also opened up in the second connecting portion;
The electric clutch is annular cylinder, on its annular cylinder internal face, into the electric clutch Direction of principal axis extends at least one stop tab;
The backstop groove mutually agrees with the stop tab.
Further as embodiment of the present invention is improved, and electronic female gear includes:With the driving source component tooth The electronic female gear meshing portions closed, and agree with the electronic female gear connection being sheathed in the first connecting portion;
The diameter of section of electronic female gear meshing portions is circular ring shape, several engaging tooths are set on its outer wall;
The diameter of section of electronic female gear connection is circular ring shape, and plugged and fixed is agreed with the electronic mother in its part On gear meshing portions inner wall, it is partially protrude through outside electronic female gear meshing portions;
Electronic female gear connection is plugged on the end face of electronic female gear meshing portions and sets connection card slot, And limit protrusion;
The electric clutch piece is provided with least one connection hook close to the side of electronic female gear, described electronic At least one limiting groove is opened up on the outer wall of clutch-plate;
The connection card slot and the connection hook are mutually connected;
The limit protrusion and the limiting groove mutually agree with.
Further as embodiment of the present invention is improved, and in two clutch gear groups, one of which is mechanical clutch tooth Wheel group;
The mechanical clutch gear set includes the female gear of machinery for engaging the driving source component, engages the impeller and sets The mechanical sub- gear put, and for the selectivity connection female gear of machinery and the mechanical clutch part of the sub- gear of machinery; The mechanical clutch part includes:Mechanical clutch portion and the second flexible member to stretch in mechanical clutch portion axial direction;
One end of second flexible member is removably attachable to the mechanical clutch portion, and the other end is movably connected on institute State mechanical female gear or the pedestal;
Under original state, the female gear of machinery is mutually clamped with the mechanical clutch part part, part is intermeshed, institute Mechanical clutch part is stated to be separated from each other with the sub- gear of machinery;
In door body opening procedure, the female gear of machinery is mutually clamped with the mechanical clutch part part;It is described machinery from Component is intermeshed with the sub- gear of the machinery;Second flexible member applies the mechanical clutch portion one towards the machine The active force in tool mother's gear direction;
After the completion of the door body is opened, second flexible member applies a tensile force to the mechanical clutch portion, with band Move the mechanical clutch portion to move to the female gear direction of the machinery, recover to original state.
Further as embodiment of the present invention is improved, and the mechanical clutch portion includes:The machine of annular cylindrical shape Tool clutch part main body;
Mechanical clutch portion main body is arranged to tiltedly drape over one's shoulders shape rank by several close to the end face of the sub- gear of machinery First annular stepped of ladder composition is tiltedly draped over one's shoulders;
Mechanical clutch portion main body opens up radial section as circular ring shape on the end face of the female gear of the machinery First containing groove;
The bottom wall of first storage tank, which is arranged to tiltedly to drape over one's shoulders the second annular stepped that shape ladder forms by several, tiltedly to be draped over one's shoulders;
Mechanical clutch portion main body and is also evenly arranged close to the end face of the female gear of machinery close to its outer wall side At least two second limit protrusions;
Wherein, each initiating terminal for tiltedly draping over one's shoulders shape ladder in each annular stepped slope and end have in the machinery Difference in height in clutch part axial direction, the initiating terminal for each tiltedly draping over one's shoulders shape ladder is in same plane, at the end of each ladder In in same plane;
It is each tiltedly to drape over one's shoulders shape ladder and connect clockwise or counterclockwise in the first annular stepped slope;
In the second annular stepped slope, each closure for tiltedly draping over one's shoulders shape ladder and the first annular stepped slope Closure it is opposite.
Further as embodiment of the present invention is improved, and the sub- gear of machinery includes:The sub- gear connection of machinery, with And extend the sub- gear meshing portions of machinery from the sub- gear connection of machinery;
Several engaging tooths are set on the sub- gear meshing portions outer wall of machinery;
The sub- gear connection of machinery opens up radial section on the end face away from the sub- gear meshing portions of machinery Circular second storage tank;
The sub- gear connection of machinery further includes:The first support extended perpendicularly outward out from its second accommodating groove center Shaft;And it is formed in described two accommodating groove bottom walls and tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders the 3rd annular stepped that shape ladder forms by several and tiltedly drape over one's shoulders;
Second elastic component is socketed in the support shaft;
In door body opening procedure, first annular stepped is tiltedly draped over one's shoulders tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders intermeshing with the 3rd annular stepped, so that institute State mechanical clutch part and keep relative static conditions with the sub- gear of the machinery.
Further as embodiment of the present invention is improved, and the diameter of section of the female gear of machinery is circular ring shape, described On mechanical mother's gear, the identical arc accommodating hole of several structures is equidistantly opened up through two end face, by the machinery Female gear is radially decomposed into the interior land of interconnection and outer land;
The outer land sets several engaging tooths on the outer wall away from the sub- gear one end of the machinery;
Second limit protrusion is movably set in the arc accommodating hole all the time;
The interior land is arranged to tiltedly drape over one's shoulders what shape ladder formed by several close to the end face of the mechanical clutch part Fourth annular ladder tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders;
Under original state, second annular stepped is tiltedly draped over one's shoulders tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders intermeshing with fourth annular ladder.
In order to realize the foregoing invention first purpose, an embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of refrigerator, and the refrigerator includes:Tool Have the babinet of compartment, the drawer being arranged on babinet and a door body for opening or closing compartment, the refrigerator be additionally provided with to Open the automatic door operator as described above of the drawer OR gate body.
Relative to the prior art, the technical effects of the invention are that:The automatic door operator of the present invention, by impeller The first flexible member of middle setting, can automatically reset to original state after impeller drives door body to open;Further, lead to Setting clutch gear group is crossed, impeller can be avoided in reseting procedure, the noise produced indirectly to driving source component, meanwhile, The automatic door operator of said structure, after door body opening, resets without electric drive impeller, reduces automatic door operator Power consumption and component costs, meanwhile, in door body opening procedure, drive two groups of clutch gear groups to rotate at the same time by a motor, with Two door body are opened at the same time, further reduce the power consumption and component costs of automatic door operator;Good user experience is obtained, side Just user's operation controls.
Brief description of the drawings
Structure diagram when Fig. 1 is the removal lid of the automatic door operator of first embodiment of the invention;
Structure diagram when Fig. 2 is the removal box body of the automatic door operator of first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the configuration schematic diagram of the automatic door operator of first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of electric clutch device in first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the configuration schematic diagram of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the configuration schematic diagram of the other direction of Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the structure diagram of mechanical clutch means in an initial condition in second embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 8 is structure diagram of the mechanical clutch means during door body is opened in second embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 9 is the configuration schematic diagram of mechanical clutch means in second embodiment of the invention;
Figure 10 is the configuration schematic diagram of the other direction of Fig. 9;
Structure diagram when Figure 11 is the removal pedestal of the automatic door operator of third embodiment of the invention;
Structure diagram when Figure 12 is the removal pedestal of the automatic door operator of four embodiment of the invention;
Structure diagram when Figure 13 is the removal pedestal of the automatic door operator of fifth embodiment of the invention;
Figure 14 is that present invention application has first embodiment, the automatic open device of second embodiment at least one of which Refrigerator part-structure schematic diagram;
Figure 15 is that present invention application has the 3rd embodiment, the 4th embodiment, the 5th second embodiment wherein at least One of automatic open device refrigerator part-structure schematic diagram.
Embodiment
Below with reference to each embodiment shown in the drawings, the present invention will be described in detail.But these embodiments are not The limitation present invention, structure that those of ordinary skill in the art are made according to these embodiments, method or change functionally Change and be all contained in protection scope of the present invention.
A preferred embodiment of automatic door operator 100 of the present invention, automatic door opening of the present invention are shown with reference to Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 Device 100 can be applied to any required equipment for using electric opening, on refrigerator, and be installed on the door body or drawer of equipment Door body rear, opens the door body of drawer in the door body or equipment of equipment in a manner of by pushing tow.
The automatic door operator 100 includes pedestal 1, the driving source component 2 being fixed in pedestal 1, piecemeal activity and sets In in the pedestal, to promote the impeller 4 that the door body is opened, and the driving source component 2 and impeller 4 are arranged at Between transmission body 3;It should be noted that in the embodiment of the present invention, the automatic door operator 100 further includes Control panel 5, for receiving door body open signal, and then controls automatic door operator operating, will be discussed in greater detail below.
The transmission body 3 includes:The two parts mutually selectively connected, respectively Part I and Part II, it is described Part I connects with the driving source device 2, and the Part II connects with the impeller 4;Receive door body and open letter Number when, the Part I and Part II of the transmission body 3 are connected as drive state, and the driving source component 2 drives the biography Kinetoplast 3 moves, to drive the impeller 4 to be moved to the door body direction to open the door body;
After the completion of the door body is opened, the Part I and Part II of the transmission body 3 depart from drive state, described Part I remains stationary state, the impeller 4 is moved to away from door body direction, and drives second of the transmission body 3 Componental movement.
The pedestal 1 is a rectangular box shape structure, it includes the box body 11 mutually fastened and lid 12 and is formed in Accommodating cavity between box body 11 and lid 12(It is not shown).The box body 11 has the bottom wall towards lid 12(It is not shown)And The perisporium extended to form respectively towards 12 direction of lid from bottom wall surrounding.The perisporium includes the antetheca being oppositely arranged(It is not shown)With Rear wall, and the two side walls being oppositely arranged(It is not shown).The antetheca is formed with the opening 111 stretched out for the impeller 4.
In the preferred embodiment for the present invention, the opening 111 is set close to any of which side wall of box body 11, with rationally profit With the inner space of the pedestal 1.Two side wall one end adjacent with rear wall of box body 11 are also outward extended with spiral shell respectively Follow closely mounting hole(It is not shown), the lid 12 is equipped with the perforation being correspondingly arranged with the screw fixed hole, for screw(Do not scheme Show)Pass through and box body 11 and lid 12 are fixed together, while automatic open device 100 of the present invention is fixed on relevant device On.
The bottom wall of box body 11 is being equipped with leading for the long strip type of a front and rear extension at one of two side walls position To groove 112,112 one end corresponding opening 111 of guide groove is set;An electricity is being provided with the position of the rear wall of box body 11 Machine fixing groove 113, first rotating shaft 114, the second shaft 115 and the 3rd shaft 116 are provided with 112 homonymy of guide groove.Institute State first rotating shaft 114, second shaft 115 and 116 axle center of the 3rd shaft and be connected as triangle, wherein the first rotating shaft 114 close to motor fixing groove 113;3rd shaft 116 is close to long strip type guide groove 112.Also set up on the bottom wall of box body 11 One motor fixed block 117, the motor fixed block 117 coordinate with motor fixing groove 113, to limit the position of driving source component 2;Box The stent 118 also set up on the bottom wall of body and close to the position of rear wall, the stent 118 coordinate with guide groove 112, limit impeller 4 position.
In the present embodiment, the driving source component 2 includes being fixed in the motor fixing groove 113 of pedestal 1 Motor 21, the worm screw 22 for being erected on motor fixed block 117 and being arranged on 21 output terminal of motor;When motor 21 works, worm screw 22 It is meshed with transmission body 3, to drive transmission body 3 by worm screw 22 when motor 21 works, and then it is described to drive impeller 4 to open Door body.
In present embodiment, the impeller 4 includes:It is movably set in the strip guide groove 112, and close to institute The catch bar 41 that opening 111 is set is stated, and one end is connected to the catch bar 41, the other end is close to the strip guide groove 112 the first flexible members 42 set away from 111 one end of opening;The catch bar 41 is provided with close to the side of the transmission body Linear gear rack, to be meshed with the transmission body 4;One end of first flexible member 42 is fixed on the stent 118, when So, in the other embodiment of the present invention, the other end of first flexible member 42 can also be fixedly connected on the length In bar shaped guide groove 112, it is not described in detail herein.
When receiving door body open signal, the catch bar 41 drives first elastic component 42 to be moved to outside the pedestal To open the door body, first flexible member 42 applies the catch bar 41 one towards the active force in the pedestal; After the completion of the door body is opened, first flexible member 42 applies a tensile force to the catch bar 41, to be pushed away described in drive Lever is moved into the pedestal.
With reference to shown in Fig. 3 to Fig. 6, in first embodiment of the invention, the transmission body 3 includes:It is movably set in described Electric clutch gear group 31 in first rotating shaft 114;The electric clutch gear group 31 includes engaging the driving source component 2 Electronic mother's gear 311, engages the electronic sub- gear 312 that the impeller 4 is set, and connects the electronic mother for selectivity The electric clutch part 313 of gear 311 and the electronic sub- gear 312.
Wherein, when receiving door body open signal, the driving source component 2 and the electric clutch part 313 connect at the same time Energization source, electronic female gear 311 and the electronic sub- gear 312 are removably secured by the electric clutch part 313 Connection, the driving source component 2 drive electronic female gear 311 to drive the electronic sub- gear 312 to be in drive state, with The catch bar 41 is driven to be moved to outside the pedestal to open the door body, and apply a court to first flexible member 42 Active force into the pedestal;
After the completion of door body unlatching, the driving source component 2 and the electric clutch part 313 while interruption of power supply, Electronic female gear 311 and the electronic sub- gear 312 depart from drive state, at this time, institute by the electric clutch part 313 State electronic female gear 311 to remain static, first flexible member 42 applies a tensile force to the catch bar 41, makes institute State catch bar 41 to move into the pedestal, and drive the electronic sub- gear 312 to reversely rotate.
In this way, during due to being reversely rotated in the electronic sub- gear 312,311 remains stationary of electronic female gear State, avoids gearing noise occur between electronic female gear 311 and worm screw 22.
In the embodiment of the invention, the electric clutch part 313 includes:Mutually abut the electric clutch set 3131 and electric clutch piece 3132;The electric clutch 3131 and the electronic sub- gear 312 are detachably connected, the electricity Dynamic clutch-plate 3132 and electronic female gear 311 are detachably connected;When receiving door body open signal, the electric clutch Part 313 powers on, and the electric clutch 3131 and electric clutch piece 3132 mutually adsorb, so that electronic female gear 311 and the electronic sub- gear 312 be removably secured connection;After the completion of the door body is opened, in the electric clutch part 313 Cut-off electricity, the electric clutch 3131 and electric clutch piece 3132 be separated from each other, so that electronic female gear 311 and described Electronic sub- gear 312 departs from drive state.And then ensure to drive catch bar 41 under the restoring force effect of the first flexible member 42 During being retracted into pedestal 1, electronic sub- gear 312 rotates, and electronic mother's gear 311 is static, in this way, avoiding the electronic mother There is gearing noise between gear 311 and worm screw 22.
Preferably, the electric clutch 3131 is annular cylinder, on its annular cylinder internal face, to described electronic The central axis direction of clutch 3131 extends at least one stop tab 31311.Preferably, the electric clutch piece 3132 is close to institute The side for stating electronic female gear 311 is provided with least one connection hook 31321;Opened on the outer wall of the electric clutch piece 3132 If at least one limiting groove 31322.In the embodiment of the invention, the quantity of the positioning protrusion 31321 is 3, Its midpoint line forms equilateral triangle;The quantity of the limiting groove 31322 is arranged to even number, is equally distributed on the electricity On the outer wall of dynamic clutch-plate 3132.
In the preferred embodiment for the present invention, the electronic sub- gear 312, electronic female gear 311 and described electronic Clutch part 313 is coaxially disposed.The engagement radius of electronic female gear 311 is more than the engagement radius of the electronic sub- gear 312; The quantity of the engaging tooth of electronic female gear 311 is more than the quantity of the engaging tooth of the electronic sub- gear 312;In this way, with drop The input power of low driving source component 2, reduces the power consumption and component costs of automatic door operator.
The electronic sub- gear 312 includes:Electronic sub- gear meshing portions 3121, and from the electronic sub- gear meshing portions The 3121 electronic sub- gear connections extended;Several engaging tooths are set on electronic sub- 3121 outer wall of gear meshing portions; The electronic sub- gear connection includes:The first connecting portion 3122 extended from the electronic sub- gear meshing portions;From described The second connecting portion 3123 that first connecting portion 3122 is extended;The electronic sub- gear meshing portions 3121, first connecting portion 3122, Second connecting portion 3123 is coaxially disposed;The radial diameter of the first connecting portion 3122 is more than the footpath of the second connecting portion 3123 To diameter;In this way, the position beneficial to fixation electronic female gear 311, electric clutch part 313.
The electronic sub- gear meshing portions 3121 engage the catch bar 41 and set;311 part contract of electronic female gear Merging is socketed on the first connecting portion 3122;The electric clutch piece 3132 agrees with and is socketed on the first connecting portion 3122 End away from the electronic sub- gear meshing portions 3121;The electric clutch 3131 agrees with and is socketed on second connection Portion 3123.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the second connecting portion 3123 is away from the electronic sub- gear meshing portions 3121 One end offer the first positioning groove 31231, electric clutch gear group 31 further includes a Sealing shield ring 314, the Sealing shield ring 314 It is arranged in first positioning groove 31231;One of end face of the Sealing shield ring 314 and the electric clutch 3131 An end face abut against, the outside diameter of the Sealing shield ring 314 is more than the outside diameter of the second connecting portion 3122, in this way, fixed institute State electronic female gear 311, the axial location of the relatively described electronic sub- gear 312 of the electric clutch part 313.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, a backstop groove 31232 is also opened up in the second connecting portion 3123, it is described Backstop groove 31232 mutually agrees with the stop tab 31311, with the relatively described electronic son of the fixation electric clutch part 313 The radial position of gear 312.
In an embodiment of the present invention, electronic female gear 311 includes:Engaged with the driving source component 2 electronic Female gear meshing portions 3111, a diameter of circle of inner wall section of electronic female gear meshing portions 3111;Agree with grafting and consolidate in part It is scheduled on 3111 inner wall of electronic female gear meshing portions, is partially protrude through electronic outside electronic female gear meshing portions 3111 Female gear connection 3112;Several engaging tooths are set on 3111 outer wall of electronic female gear meshing portions;Electronic female tooth Wheel connecting portion 3112 is annular cylinder, it, which agrees with, is sheathed in the first connecting portion 3122.
Electronic mother's gear connection 3112 be plugged on the end face of electronic female gear meshing portions 3111 set it is some A connection card slot 31121, the connection card slot 31121 are set close to the interior side wall of electronic female gear connection 3112;Institute It is identical with the quantity of the connection hook 31321 to state the quantity of connection card slot 31121, and connects card slot 31121 and connection hook 31321 are mutually connected, and the electric clutch piece 3132 is removably attached on electronic female gear 311.
If electronic mother's gear connection 3112 is plugged on the end face of electronic female gear meshing portions 3111 and also sets up Dry limit protrusion 31122, the limit protrusion 31122 are set close to the outer side wall of electronic female gear connection 3112; The quantity of the limit protrusion 31122 is identical with the quantity of the limiting groove 31322, and limit protrusion 31122 and spacing recessed Groove 31322 mutually agrees with, with the radial position of the relatively described electronic female gear 311 of the fixation electric clutch piece 3132.
In other preferred embodiments of the invention, the transmission body 3 further includes:At least one set of drive;The drive It is meshed at the same time with the impeller 4 and the clutch gear group 3;And/or the drive at the same time with the clutch gear group 3 It is meshed with the driving source component 2.
The structure of the drive has a variety of, and every group of drive can include more sub- drives, specific example of the present invention In, every group of drive includes two sub- drives, and one of two sub- drives are meshed with the impeller 4, wherein separately One is meshed with the clutch gear group 3;And/or one of two sub- drives are meshed with the driving source component 2, its In another be meshed with the clutch gear group 3.Two sub- gear sets coaxial can be set, can also eccentric setting, two sons The quantity of the engaging tooth of gear can be the same or different, and the size of two sub- gears can be the same or different, in addition, The outside diameter of two sub- gears can be that circle can also be abnormity, not be described in detail herein.
In specific example of the present invention, the quantity of the drive is two groups, is respectively first group of drive 33 and second group Drive 34;First group of drive 33 and second group of drive 34 are sheathed on 115 and the 3rd shaft 116 of the second shaft respectively On, first group of drive 33 includes the first sub- 331 and second sub- drive 332 of drive being coaxially disposed;Second group of drive 34 the 3rd sub- 341 and the 4th sub- drives 342 of drive including being coaxially disposed;Wherein, electronic of sub- gear 312 and first passes Driving wheel 331 is meshed, and the second sub- drive 332 is meshed with the 3rd sub- drive 341, the 4th sub- drive 342 and catch bar 41 are meshed;The quantity of the engaging tooth of first sub- drive 331 is more than the quantity of the engaging tooth of the second sub- drive 332;3rd The quantity of the engaging tooth of sub- drive 341 is more than the quantity of the engaging tooth of the 4th sub- drive 342;In this way, reduce driving source structure The input power of part 2, reduces the power consumption and component costs of automatic door operator.
The automatic door operator of first embodiment of the invention, can be with by setting the first flexible member in impeller After impeller driving door body is opened, original state is automatically reset to;Further, by setting electric clutch gear group, energy Impeller is enough avoided in reseting procedure, the noise produced indirectly to driving source component, meanwhile, the automatic door opening dress of said structure Put, after door body opening, resetted without electric drive impeller, reduce the power consumption and component costs of automatic door operator.
With reference to shown in Fig. 7 to Figure 10, the automatic door operator of second embodiment of the invention, the second embodiment from Dynamic door opener and the automatic door operator of above-mentioned first embodiment are similar, and difference lies in the electricity in above-mentioned transmission body 3 for it Dynamic clutch gear group 31 is arranged to mechanical clutch gear set 32, and the mechanical clutch gear set 32 is movably set in described first In shaft 114.
The mechanical clutch gear set 32 includes:The female gear 321 of machinery of the driving source component 2 is engaged, described in engagement The mechanical sub- gear 322 that impeller 4 is set, and connect the female gear 321 of machinery and the sub- tooth of machinery for selectivity The mechanical clutch part 323 of wheel 322.
Wherein, when receiving door body open signal, the driving source component 2 powers on, the female gear 321 of machinery Connection is removably secured by the mechanical clutch part 323 with the machinery gear 322, the driving source component 2 drives The female gear 321 of machinery drives the sub- gear 322 of the machinery to be in drive state, to drive the catch bar 41 to the door The movement of body direction applies an effect towards the door body distal end to open the door body to first flexible member 42 Power;
After the completion of door body unlatching, 2 interruption of power supply of driving source component, the female gear 321 of the machinery and described The sub- gear 322 of machinery departs from drive state by the mechanical clutch part 323, and at this time, the female gear 321 of machinery is in static State, first flexible member 42 apply a tensile force to the catch bar 41, make the catch bar 41 remote to the door body Extreme direction moves, and drives the sub- gear 322 of the machinery to reversely rotate.In this way, due to reversely being revolved in the sub- gear 322 of the machinery During turning, 321 remains stationary state of the female gear of machinery, avoids occurring between the female gear 321 of the machinery and worm screw 22 Gearing noise.
In the embodiment of the invention, machinery female gear 321, the sub- gear 322 of machinery and the mechanical clutch part 323 are coaxially disposed.
The mechanical clutch part 323 includes:Mechanical clutch portion 3231 and stretched in 3231 axial direction of mechanical clutch portion Second 3232, elasticity member of contracting;One end of second flexible member 3232 is removably attachable to the mechanical clutch portion 3231, the other end is movably connected on the female gear 321 of the machinery or the pedestal 1;
Under original state, the female gear 321 of machinery is mutually clamped with 323 part of mechanical clutch part, part is mutual Engagement, the mechanical clutch part 323 are separated from each other with the sub- gear 322 of the machinery;In door body opening procedure, the female tooth of machinery Wheel 321 is mutually clamped with 323 part of mechanical clutch part;The mechanical clutch part 323 and the sub- gear 322 of the machinery are mutual Engagement;Second flexible member 3232 applies the mechanical clutch portion 3,231 one towards female 321 direction of gear of the machinery Active force;After the completion of the door body is opened, second flexible member 3232 applies one to the mechanical clutch portion 3231 Clamp force, to drive the mechanical clutch portion 3231 to be moved to female 321 direction of gear of the machinery, recovers to original state.
Preferably, the mechanical clutch portion 3231 includes:The mechanical clutch portion main body of annular cylindrical shape;The machinery Clutch part main body close to the end face of the sub- gear 322 of the machinery be arranged to by several structures it is identical tiltedly drape over one's shoulders shape ladder group Into the first annular stepped tiltedly drape over one's shoulders 32311;Mechanical clutch portion main body is opened on the end face of the female gear 321 of the machinery If radial section is the first containing groove of circular ring shape(It is not shown);The bottom wall of first storage tank is arranged to by several The second annular stepped for tiltedly draping over one's shoulders shape ladder composition tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32312;Wherein, each in each annular stepped slope tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders shape ladder Initiating terminal and end there is difference in height in 3231 axial direction of mechanical clutch portion, each tiltedly drape over one's shoulders the initiating terminal of shape ladder In same plane, the end of each ladder is in same plane;In the embodiment of the present invention, described first It is each tiltedly to drape over one's shoulders shape ladder and connect clockwise or counterclockwise in annular stepped slope 32311;The second annular stepped slope In 32312, it is each tiltedly drape over one's shoulders shape ladder closure it is opposite with the closure on the first annular stepped slope 32311.
Mechanical clutch portion main body close to the female gear 321 of machinery end face, it is and also uniform close to its outer wall side Arrange at least two second limit protrusions 32313;Preferably, consistent reach through hole is opened up in 3231 axial direction of mechanical clutch portion 32314, one end of second flexible member 3232 is connected to described run through in through hole 32314.
In the specific embodiment of the invention, first annular stepped is tiltedly draped over one's shoulders 32311, second annular stepped and is tiltedly draped over one's shoulders 32312 quantity can be the same or different;First annular stepped tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders the 32311, second annular stepped and tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32312 In tiltedly to drape over one's shoulders the quantity of shape ladder be at least two, in the example, the first annular stepped tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32311, second annular step It is terraced tiltedly drape over one's shoulders tiltedly draped over one's shoulders in 32312 shape ladder quantity it is identical, and be 4, each tiltedly draping over one's shoulders the centering angle shared by shape ladder is 90 degree.
Preferably, the centering angle of the segmental arc between two neighboring second limit protrusion 32313 is less than or equal to second ring Shape ladder tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders each centering angle tiltedly draped over one's shoulders shared by shape ladder in 32312;In the specific embodiment of the invention, second limit The quantity of position protrusion 32313 is arranged to 3, and the centering angle of the segmental arc between two neighboring second limit protrusion 32313 is equal to institute State the second annular stepped and tiltedly drape over one's shoulders each centering angle tiltedly draped over one's shoulders shared by shape ladder in 32312, be 90 degree.
The sub- gear 322 of machinery includes:The sub- gear connection 3222 of machinery, and from the sub- gear connection 3222 of machinery Extend the sub- gear meshing portions 3221 of machinery;Several engaging tooths are set on sub- 3221 outer wall of gear meshing portions of machinery;
The quantity of the engaging tooth of the female gear 321 of machinery is more than the quantity of the engaging tooth of the sub- gear 322 of the machinery;Such as This, to reduce the input power of driving source component 2, reduces the power consumption and component costs of automatic door operator.
Footpath is opened up on the end face of the sub- gear connection 3222 of machinery away from the sub- gear meshing portions 3221 of the machinery It is circular second storage tank to section(It is not shown);The sub- gear connection 3222 of machinery includes:It is accommodating from described second The first support shaft 32221 that groove center extends perpendicularly outward out;And if be formed in the described first accommodating groove bottom wall and by Dry the 3rd annular stepped for tiltedly draping over one's shoulders shape ladder composition tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32222;The second elastic component set 3232 is connected on described first Support in shaft 32211;Wherein, in door body opening procedure, first annular stepped is tiltedly draped over one's shoulders 32311 and is tiltedly draped over one's shoulders with the 3rd annular stepped 32222 intermeshings, so that the mechanical clutch part 323 keeps relative static conditions with the sub- gear 322 of the machinery.
The sub- gear connection 3222 of machinery further includes:From the first support shaft 32221 to mechanical female 321 direction of gear The the second support shaft 32223 extended, the second support shaft 32223 cooperates with first rotating shaft 114, with to be described Mechanical clutch gear set 32 provides rotation axis;In present embodiment, the second support shaft 32223 is plugged in first rotating shaft 114, It is not described in detail herein.
The diameter of section of the female gear 321 of machinery is circular ring shape, on the female gear 321 of machinery, through two end Face equidistantly opens up the identical arc accommodating hole 3213 of several structures, and the female gear 321 of the machinery is radially decomposed For the interior land 3212 and outer land 3211 of interconnection;
The outer land 3211 sets several engaging tooths on the outer wall away from sub- 322 one end of gear of the machinery;It is described Second limit protrusion 32313 is movably set in the arc accommodating hole 3213 all the time;And in 321 initial rotation of mechanical female gear During, relatively described arc accommodating hole 3213 does circumferential movement, meanwhile, along the axial movement of the arc accommodating hole 3213, Its course of work will will be described in detail below.
The interior land 3212 is arranged to tiltedly drape over one's shoulders shape ladder by several close to the end face of the mechanical clutch part 323 The fourth annular ladder of composition tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32121;Under original state, second annular stepped tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32312 and fourth annular rank Ladder tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32121 intermeshings.
End face of the interior land 3212 away from the mechanical clutch part 323, and extend along close to inner wall surface thereof side Annular land portion 3214;The junction surface 3214 equally cooperates with first rotating shaft 114, with for the mechanical clutch gear set 32 provide rotation axis;In present embodiment, first rotating shaft 114 is plugged in annular land portion 3214, is not described in detail herein.
In the specific embodiment of the invention, the fourth annular ladder tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32121 and is tiltedly draped over one's shoulders with second annular stepped 32312 quantity is identical, and closure is on the contrary, in this way, in an initial condition, to keep the fourth annular ladder tiltedly to drape over one's shoulders 32121 tiltedly drape over one's shoulders 32312 with second annular stepped is meshed;In the specific example, fourth annular ladder tiltedly drape over one's shoulders 32121 it is every A centering angle tiltedly draped over one's shoulders shared by shape ladder is similarly 90 degree.
Preferably, the quantity of arc accommodating hole 3213 is equal to the quantity of the second limit protrusion 32313, present invention specific implementation In mode, the quantity of arc accommodating hole 3213 is 3, the centering angle shared by each arc accommodating hole 3213 be equal to any one the Centering angle shared by two limit protrusions 32313 tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders any of 32312 with second annular stepped and tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders shape ladder institute The sum of centering angle of occupancy.
In the specific embodiment of the invention, under original state, machinery mother's gear 321 and mechanical clutch part 323 are mutual Engagement, wherein, the second annular stepped slope 32312 and four annular stepped tiltedly drape over one's shoulders 32121 intermeshings, and described second Limit protrusion 32313 is resisted against in one of side wall of corresponding arc accommodating hole 3213;The mechanical clutch part 323 It is separated from each other with the sub- gear 322 of the machinery.
When receiving door body open signal, the driving source component 2 powers on, and the driving source component 2 is with motivation Tool mother gear 321 rotates, before female gear 321 is rotated to 90 degree for the first time, due to the second annular stepped slope 32312 tiltedly drape over one's shoulders 32121 respectively by tiltedly draping over one's shoulders shape ladder and form with axial difference in height with the fourth annular ladder, and second Annular stepped slope 32312 and four annular stepped tiltedly drape over one's shoulders 32121 setting direction on the contrary, in this way, electronic female gear 311 rotations are to the mechanical clutch portion 3231 that during 90 degree, can at the uniform velocity promote in the mechanical clutch part 323 along its axial direction to institute Sub- 322 direction of the gear translation of machinery is stated, so that the first annular stepped of the mechanical clutch part 323 tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32311 and the machine It is progressively engaged that 3rd annular stepped of tool gear 322 tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32222;Meanwhile second flexible member 3232 is to the machine Tool clutch part 3231 applies an active force towards female 321 direction of gear of the machinery;
When female gear 321 is rotated to 90 degree for the first time, second limit protrusion 32313 is resisted against corresponding In another side wall of arc accommodating hole 3213;First annular stepped of the mechanical clutch part 323 tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32311 and the machinery It is at a fully engaged that 3rd annular stepped of sub- gear 322 tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32222;And after female gear 321 is rotated to 90 degree for the first time, make The sub- gear 322 of machinery is in drive state by the mechanical clutch portion 323 and the female gear 321 of the machinery;With driving The catch bar 41 moves to open the door body to the door body direction, and applies a direction to first flexible member 42 The active force of the door body distal end.
After the completion of door body unlatching, 2 interruption of power supply of driving source component, first flexible member 42 is to described Catch bar 41 applies a tensile force, the catch bar 41 is moved into the pedestal 1, and drive the sub- gear 322 of the machinery Reversely rotate;When the sub- gear 322 of machinery reversely rotates, the mechanical clutch part 323 is at the uniform velocity driven to rotate backward, described Under the tensile force effect of second flexible member 3232, the second annular stepped slope 32312 tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders 32121 to four annular stepped It is progressively engaged, and when the sub- gear 322 of the machinery is rotated to 90 degree for the first time, the mechanical clutch gear set 32 is recovered to initial Connection status.
The automatic door operator of second embodiment of the invention, can be with by setting the first flexible member in impeller After impeller driving door body is opened, original state is automatically reset to;Further, by setting mechanical clutch gear set, energy Impeller is enough avoided in reseting procedure, the noise produced indirectly to driving source component, meanwhile, the automatic door opening dress of said structure Put, after door body opening, resetted without electric drive impeller, reduce the power consumption and component costs of automatic door operator.
With reference to shown in Figure 11, the automatic door operator of third embodiment of the invention, for opening two door body at the same time, from And relative to the automatic door operator of first embodiment or second embodiment, it is correspondingly arranged two impellers 4.
With reference to first embodiment or second embodiment, the base front wall is stretched out formed with two impellers 4 of confession Two openings(It is not shown), two openings are respectively close to two side walls setting.The bottom wall is close to two side walls position The guide groove of the long strip type of a front and rear extension is equipped with respectively, and one end of two guide grooves corresponds to two openings and sets respectively Put;The motor fixing groove is arranged on the axis of symmetry between two guide grooves, the first rotating shaft, the second shaft and 3rd shaft is respectively two, and the axis of symmetry between the guide groove is symmetrical.
In the embodiment, the driving source component and the driving source component of first embodiment or second embodiment Structure is identical, it differs only in it and sets position different, by the description of said base 1, can clearly know the reality The setting position of driving source component in mode is applied, therefore does not continue to repeat.
In the embodiment, the impeller and first embodiment or the structure of the impeller 4 of second embodiment Identical, it differs only in it and sets position, and sets the difference of quantity, passes through the description of said base 1, Ke Yiming Really know that two impellers 4 are symmetrical arranged respectively close to the two side walls corresponded of the pedestal 1 in the embodiment;Two Group electric clutch gear group be symmetrically disposed between two impellers 4, the driving source component 2 be arranged at two groups it is electronic from Between closing gear set, do not continue to repeat herein.
In the embodiment, the transmission body 3 includes:Respectively with intermeshing two clutch gears of two impellers Group;Each clutch gear group includes:Mutually two parts for selectively connecting, are respectively Part I and Part II, and described the A part of to connect with the driving source device, the Part II connects with the impeller;
When receiving door body open signal, the Part I and Part II of one of at least two groups of clutch gear groups connect Be connected in drive state, the driving source member drives are currently at the clutch gear group movement of drive state, with drive currently from The corresponding impeller of gear set is closed to move to open the door body to outside the pedestal;And applied to first flexible member Add an active force towards the door body distal end;
After the completion of the door body is opened, the Part I and Part II of the current clutch gear group for driving door body to open Depart from drive state, the Part I remains stationary state of current clutch gear group, first flexible member is to institute State catch bar and apply a tensile force, the catch bar is moved into the pedestal, and drive its corresponding clutch gear The Part II movement of group.
In a specific example of the invention, in the automatic door operator of the 3rd embodiment, in two clutch gear groups, One of which is the electric clutch gear group 31 described in first embodiment;Wherein another group is the machine described in second embodiment Tool clutch gear group 32.
In practical applications, the direction of the engaging tooth of two clutch gear groups is arranged on the contrary, to be connect in driving source component 2 Behind energization source, two clutch gear groups can be driven at the same time, and then synchronous two impellers 4 of promotion open two door body at the same time, It is not described in detail herein.
Certainly, in the other embodiment of the present invention, if the engaging tooth of two clutch gear groups is arranged to identical, Two door body can successively be opened by rotating forward, the reversion control of a driving source component;Can also be by setting electronic female tooth The engaging tooth arrangement of wheel, opens two door body by a driving source component successively any control, is not described in detail herein.
With reference to shown in Figure 12, the automatic door operator of four embodiment of the invention, the automatic of the 4th embodiment opens Door gear is similar with the automatic door operator structure of the 3rd embodiment, it is used to open two door body at the same time, and the 4th is real Applying the automatic door operator of mode and the automatic door operator of the 3rd embodiment, difference lies in two clutch gear group Structure is identical, it is the electric clutch gear group in first embodiment of the invention;
In practical application, the direction of the engaging tooth of two electric clutch gear groups is arranged on the contrary, with driving source component 2 After powering on, two electric clutch gear groups can be driven at the same time, and then synchronous two impellers 4 of promotion open two at the same time Door body, is not described in detail herein.
Certainly, in the other embodiment of the present invention, if the engaging tooth of two electric clutch gear groups is arranged to phase Together, then two door body can successively be opened by rotating forward, the reversion control of a driving source component;Can also be electronic by setting The engaging tooth arrangement of female gear, opens two door body by a driving source component successively any control, does not do herein superfluous in detail State.
With reference to shown in Figure 13, the automatic door operator of fifth embodiment of the invention, the automatic of the 5th embodiment opens Door gear is similar with the automatic door operator structure of the 3rd embodiment, it is used to open two door body at the same time, and the 5th is real Applying the automatic door operator of mode and the automatic door operator of the 3rd embodiment, difference lies in two clutch gear group Structure is identical, it is the mechanical clutch gear set in second embodiment of the invention;
Likewise, in practical applications, the direction of the engaging tooth of two mechanical clutch gear sets is arranged on the contrary, to drive After dynamic source component 2 powers on, two electric clutch gear groups can be driven at the same time, and then two impellers 4 of synchronous promotion are same When open two door body, be not described in detail herein.
Certainly, in the other embodiment of the present invention, if the engaging tooth of two electric clutch gear groups is arranged to phase Together, then two door body can successively be opened by rotating forward, the reversion control of a driving source component;Can also be electronic by setting The engaging tooth arrangement of female gear, opens two door body by a driving source component successively any control, does not do herein superfluous in detail State.
The automatic door operator of third embodiment of the present invention, the 4th embodiment and the 5th embodiment can also A corresponding door body is set, and is not described in detail herein.
The automatic door operator of third embodiment of the invention, the 4th embodiment and the 5th embodiment, by First flexible member is set in impeller, original state can be automatically reset to after impeller drives door body to open;Further , by setting clutch gear group, impeller can be avoided in reseting procedure, the noise produced indirectly to driving source component, The automatic door operator of said structure, after door body opening, resets without electric drive impeller, reduces automatic door operator Power consumption and component costs;
Meanwhile the automatic door operator of third embodiment of the invention, the 4th embodiment and the 5th embodiment, lead to The change of the setting direction, position, quantity of engaging tooth in each clutch gear group is crossed, can also be needed to specify door body according to user Opening sequence;And in the embodiment of the present invention, in door body opening procedure, two groups of clutches are driven by a motor Gear set rotates at the same time, to open two door body at the same time, further reduces the power consumption and component costs of automatic door operator.
In addition, with reference to shown in Figure 14,15, the present invention can also design a kind of refrigerator 500, which includes having compartment Babinet 51, be arranged on babinet 51 drawer, open or close the door body of compartment and any of the above-described kind of embodiment is retouched The automatic door operator 100 stated.The top of babinet 51 or middle interval are arranged on for opening the automatic open device 100 of door body The front side of plate;The indoor of drawer door body rear is may be provided at for opening the automatic open device 100 of drawer, can also be set Put at drawer rearward position etc., it may achieve the purpose of the present invention.
It should be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each embodiment only includes one A independent technical solution, this narrating mode of specification is only that those skilled in the art will should say for clarity For bright book as an entirety, the technical solution in each embodiment may also be suitably combined to form those skilled in the art can With the other embodiment of understanding.
Those listed above is a series of to be described in detail only for feasibility embodiment of the invention specifically Bright, they simultaneously are not used to limit the scope of the invention, all equivalent implementations made without departing from skill spirit of the present invention Or change should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. automatic door operator, for automatically turning on the door body of refrigerator;Including:Pedestal, the drive being fixed in the pedestal Dynamic source component, to promote two impellers that the door body is opened, and pushes away for engaging the driving source component with two The transmission body of moving part;
    It is characterized in that:
    Each impeller includes:Catch bar and the connection catch bar and the first elasticity set away from the door body Element;
    The transmission body includes:Respectively with the intermeshing two groups of clutch gear groups of two impellers;
    First group of clutch gear group includes:The two parts mutually selectively connected, respectively Part I and Part II, it is described Part I connects with the driving source device, and the Part II connects with the impeller;
    When receiving door body open signal, the Part I and Part II of clutch gear group are connected as drive state, the drive Dynamic source member drives are currently at the clutch gear group movement of drive state, to drive current clutch gear group is corresponding described to push away Moving part is moved to open the door body to outside the pedestal;And apply one towards in the pedestal to first flexible member Active force;
    After the completion of the door body is opened, the Part I and Part II of the current clutch gear group for driving door body to open are de- From drive state, the Part I remains stationary state of current clutch gear group, first flexible member is pushed away to described Lever applies a tensile force, the catch bar is moved into the pedestal, and drive its corresponding clutch gear group Part II moves;Second group of clutch gear group is electric clutch gear group;
    The electric clutch gear group includes engaging electronic female gear of the driving source component, one of them described promotion of engagement The electronic sub- gear that part is set, and for selectivity connection electronic female gear and the electric clutch of the electronic sub- gear Part;
    The electric clutch part includes:Mutually abut the electric clutch and electric clutch piece set;The electric clutch with The electronic sub- gear is detachably connected, and the electric clutch piece and electronic female gear are detachably connected;
    When receiving door body open signal, electric clutch and the electric clutch piece mutually adsorbs, so that electronic female tooth Wheel and the electronic sub- gear are removably secured connection;
    After the completion of the door body is opened, electric clutch and the electric clutch piece is separated from each other, so that electronic female gear Depart from drive state with the electronic sub- gear.
  2. 2. automatic door operator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
    The electronic sub- gear includes:Electronic sub- gear meshing portions, and the electricity extended from the electronic sub- gear meshing portions Mover gear connection;
    Several engaging tooths are set on the electronic sub- gear meshing portions outer wall;
    The electronic sub- gear connection includes:The first connecting portion extended from the electronic sub- gear meshing portions;From described The second connecting portion that first connecting portion is extended;The one end of the second connecting portion away from the electronic sub- gear meshing portions opens up There is the first positioning groove;
    Electronic sub- gear meshing portions, first connecting portion and the second connecting portion are coaxially disposed;The footpath of the first connecting portion It is more than the radial diameter of the second connecting portion to diameter;The electronic sub- gear meshing portions engage the catch bar and set;
    Electronic female gear parts agree with and are socketed on the first connecting portion;
    The electric clutch piece agrees with and is socketed on end of the first connecting portion away from the electronic sub- gear meshing portions;
    The electric clutch agrees with and is socketed on the second connecting portion;
    The electric clutch gear group further includes a Sealing shield ring, and the outside diameter of the Sealing shield ring is more than the outer of the second connecting portion Footpath, the Sealing shield ring, which agrees with, to be arranged in first positioning groove, one of end face of the Sealing shield ring with it is described electronic One end face of clutch abuts against.
  3. 3. automatic door operator according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:A backstop is also opened up in the second connecting portion Groove;
    The electric clutch is annular cylinder, on its annular cylinder internal face, to the axis side of the electric clutch To extending at least one stop tab;
    The backstop groove mutually agrees with the stop tab.
  4. 4. automatic door operator according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Electronic female gear includes:With the drive The ratcheting electronic female gear meshing portions of dynamic source component, and agree with the electronic female gear connection being sheathed in the first connecting portion Portion;
    The diameter of section of electronic female gear meshing portions is circular ring shape, several engaging tooths are set on its outer wall;
    The diameter of section of electronic female gear connection is circular ring shape, and plugged and fixed is agreed with electronic female gear in its part On engaging piece inner wall, it is partially protrude through outside electronic female gear meshing portions;
    Electronic female gear connection is plugged on the end face of electronic female gear meshing portions and sets connection card slot, and Limit protrusion;
    The electric clutch piece is provided with least one connection hook, the electric clutch close to the side of electronic female gear At least one limiting groove is opened up on the outer wall of piece;
    The connection card slot and the connection hook are mutually connected;
    The limit protrusion and the limiting groove mutually agree with.
  5. 5. automatic door operator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
    First group is mechanical clutch gear set;
    The mechanical clutch gear set includes the female gear of machinery for engaging the driving source component, engages what the impeller was set The sub- gear of machinery, and for the selectivity connection female gear of machinery and the mechanical clutch part of the sub- gear of machinery;It is described Mechanical clutch part includes:Mechanical clutch portion and the second flexible member to stretch in mechanical clutch portion axial direction;
    One end of second flexible member is removably attachable to the mechanical clutch portion, and the other end is movably connected on the machine Tool mother gear or the pedestal;
    Under original state, the female gear of machinery is mutually clamped with the mechanical clutch part part, part is intermeshed, the machine Tool clutch part is separated from each other with the sub- gear of machinery;
    In door body opening procedure, the female gear of machinery is mutually clamped with the mechanical clutch part part;The mechanical clutch part Gear intermeshing sub- with the machinery;It is female towards the machinery that second flexible member applies the mechanical clutch portion one The active force in gear direction;
    After the completion of the door body is opened, second flexible member applies a tensile force to the mechanical clutch portion, to drive State mechanical clutch portion to move to the female gear direction of the machinery, recover to original state.
  6. 6. automatic door operator according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:
    The mechanical clutch portion includes:The mechanical clutch portion main body of annular cylindrical shape;
    Mechanical clutch portion main body is arranged to tiltedly drape over one's shoulders shape ladder group by several close to the end face of the sub- gear of machinery Into the first annular stepped tiltedly drape over one's shoulders;
    Mechanical clutch portion main body opens up first that radial section is circular ring shape on the end face of the female gear of the machinery Containing groove;
    The bottom wall of first storage tank, which is arranged to tiltedly to drape over one's shoulders the second annular stepped that shape ladder forms by several, tiltedly to be draped over one's shoulders;
    Mechanical clutch portion main body and is also evenly arranged at least close to the end face of the female gear of machinery close to its outer wall side Two the second limit protrusions;
    Wherein, each initiating terminal for tiltedly draping over one's shoulders shape ladder in each annular stepped slope and end have in the mechanical clutch Difference in height in portion's axial direction, the initiating terminal for each tiltedly draping over one's shoulders shape ladder are in same plane, and the end of each ladder is in same In one plane;
    It is each tiltedly to drape over one's shoulders shape ladder and connect clockwise or counterclockwise in the first annular stepped slope;
    In the second annular stepped slope, the company of each closure and the first annular stepped slope for tiltedly draping over one's shoulders shape ladder It is opposite to connect direction.
  7. 7. automatic door operator according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:
    The sub- gear of machinery includes:The sub- gear connection of machinery, and extend the sub- tooth of machinery from the sub- gear connection of machinery Take turns engaging piece;
    Several engaging tooths are set on the sub- gear meshing portions outer wall of machinery;
    The sub- gear connection of machinery opens up radial section as circle on the end face away from the sub- gear meshing portions of machinery The second storage tank;
    The sub- gear connection of machinery further includes:The first support extended perpendicularly outward out from its second accommodating groove center turns Axis;And it is formed in described two accommodating groove bottom walls and tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders the 3rd annular stepped that shape ladder forms by several and tiltedly drape over one's shoulders;
    Second elastic component is socketed in the support shaft;
    In door body opening procedure, first annular stepped is tiltedly draped over one's shoulders tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders intermeshing with the 3rd annular stepped, so that the machine Tool clutch part keeps relative static conditions with the sub- gear of the machinery.
  8. 8. automatic door operator according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:
    The diameter of section of the female gear of machinery is circular ring shape, on the female gear of machinery, is equidistantly opened through two end face If the identical arc accommodating hole of several structures, the female gear of the machinery is radially decomposed into the interior land of interconnection With outer land;
    The outer land sets several engaging tooths on the outer wall away from the sub- gear one end of the machinery;
    Second limit protrusion is movably set in the arc accommodating hole all the time;
    The interior land is arranged to tiltedly to be draped over one's shoulders that shape ladder forms the 4th by several close to the end face of the mechanical clutch part Annular stepped is tiltedly draped over one's shoulders;
    Under original state, second annular stepped is tiltedly draped over one's shoulders tiltedly drapes over one's shoulders intermeshing with fourth annular ladder.
  9. 9. a kind of refrigerator, including the babinet with compartment, the drawer that is arranged on babinet and the door body for opening or closing compartment, It is characterized in that:The refrigerator be provided with to open the drawer OR gate body as described in any one in claim 1 to 8 Automatic door operator.
CN201611227290.9A 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Automatic door operator and the refrigerator with the device Active CN106766592B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN201611227290.9A CN106766592B (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 Automatic door operator and the refrigerator with the device
PCT/CN2017/118876 WO2018121571A1 (en) 2016-12-27 2017-12-27 Automatic door opening device and refrigerator with automatic door opening device

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CN106766592A CN106766592A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106766592B true CN106766592B (en) 2018-05-15

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CN106766592B (en) * 2016-12-27 2018-05-15 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Automatic door operator and the refrigerator with the device
CN108257424A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-07-06 广州华夏职业学院 A kind of human resources teaching information accessory exhibition device
CN108662839A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-10-16 合肥华凌股份有限公司 Refrigeration equipment, door body assembly and its control method
CN109826926B (en) * 2018-12-11 2020-11-24 海尔智家股份有限公司 Automatic door opening device and refrigerator with same

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CN201876047U (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-06-22 广州设计谷设计有限公司 Refrigerator assistance door opening device and refrigerator
CN203964526U (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-11-26 合肥美的电冰箱有限公司 For the automatic door operator of refrigerator and there is its refrigerator
CN105627661B (en) * 2016-03-01 2018-04-03 仝达机电工业(惠州)有限公司 A kind of automatic door opening for refrigerator, open drawer
CN106766592B (en) * 2016-12-27 2018-05-15 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Automatic door operator and the refrigerator with the device

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