CN106765125B - A kind of garbage disposal furnace - Google Patents

A kind of garbage disposal furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106765125B
CN106765125B CN201710023024.2A CN201710023024A CN106765125B CN 106765125 B CN106765125 B CN 106765125B CN 201710023024 A CN201710023024 A CN 201710023024A CN 106765125 B CN106765125 B CN 106765125B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace
chamber
main
tail gas
pipe
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710023024.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106765125A (en
Inventor
曹文波
张文锐
魏凌敏
舒志强
唐武才
李启仁
李文龙
郎志中
Original Assignee
安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司
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Priority to CN201710023024.2A priority Critical patent/CN106765125B/en
Publication of CN106765125A publication Critical patent/CN106765125A/en
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Publication of CN106765125B publication Critical patent/CN106765125B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/442Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G5/444Waste feed arrangements for solid waste
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2205/00Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G2205/12Waste feed arrangements using conveyors
    • F23G2205/121Screw conveyor

Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of garbage disposal furnace, including main furnace body, secondary furnace body and auxiliary body;It is equipped with main furnace chamber, gas buffer chamber, the first tail gas storage chamber and exhaust emissions chamber in main furnace body, cycle gas-guide tube, heat supply auxiliary tube, the first tail gas discharging pipe, the first oxygen supplying tube and main stove feeding gate in first are installed on main furnace body;Secondary furnace body is equipped with secondary furnace chamber, compensated cavity and the second tail gas storage chamber being sequentially communicated, and cycle gas-guide tube, the second oxygen supplying tube, third oxygen supplying tube and feeding gate in second are equipped on secondary furnace body;Auxiliary body includes dehumidification device, the first slag-draining device, the first communicating pipe, the second communicating pipe, heat-preservation cylinder, third connecting pipe, material pusher and the second slag-draining device;Dehumidification device includes except wet tank, air inlet pipe and an air outlet pipe.The present invention is easy to use, effectively raises the effect of garbage disposal, and the effective energy being utilized in garbage processing procedure.

Description

A kind of garbage disposal furnace

Technical field

The present invention relates to field of environment protection, and in particular to a kind of garbage disposal furnace.

Background technology

The method of the rubbish of China's processing at present mostly uses landfill, due to China's house refuse with calorific value it is low, aqueous mostly etc. Feature handles rubbish by the way of landfill, and other than generating niff during landfill, the percolate of generation is The problem of garbage loading embeading technology, the serious polluted underground water of generation of percolate, endangers human survival.

The product of heat treatment mode is easily processed, and does not easily cause environmental pollution, but since rubbish type is various, a large amount of rubbish Rubbish can not reach ideal effect when handling simultaneously, and there are the wastes of mass energy in garbage processing procedure, how to improve The effect of garbage disposal is current urgent problem.

Invention content

Technical problems based on background technology, the present invention propose a kind of garbage disposal furnace.

A kind of garbage disposal furnace proposed by the present invention, including main furnace body, secondary furnace body and auxiliary body;

It is equipped with main furnace chamber, gas buffer chamber, the first tail gas storage chamber and exhaust emissions chamber in main furnace body, is installed on main furnace body Have in the main furnace chamber top of connection and the first of gas buffer chamber and recycle gas-guide tube, multiple heat supply auxiliary tubes are installed on main furnace body, Heat supply auxiliary tube is located in main furnace chamber, and the both ends of heat supply auxiliary tube are respectively communicated with the first tail gas storage chamber and exhaust emissions Chamber is equipped with the first tail gas discharging pipe of connection exhaust emissions chamber on main furnace body, and the main furnace chamber lower part of connection is equipped on main furnace body First oxygen supplying tube, main furnace body, which is located at main furnace chamber top, is equipped with main stove feeding gate;

Secondary furnace body is equipped with secondary furnace chamber, compensated cavity and the second tail gas storage chamber being sequentially communicated, secondary furnace chamber lower part and auxiliary Chamber top is connected to, and the second interior cycle gas-guide tube of the secondary furnace chamber top of connection and lower part is equipped in secondary furnace body, and secondary furnace body is equipped with Second oxygen supplying tube and third oxygen supplying tube, the second oxygen supplying tube and third oxygen supplying tube are respectively communicated with secondary furnace chamber lower part and compensated cavity lower part, Secondary furnace body, which is located at secondary furnace chamber top, is equipped with secondary stove feeding gate;

Auxiliary body includes dehumidification device, the first slag-draining device, the first communicating pipe, the second communicating pipe, heat-preservation cylinder, third company Siphunculus, material pusher and the second slag-draining device;Dehumidification device includes except wet tank, air inlet pipe and an air outlet pipe, air inlet pipe connection Except wet tank and gas buffer chamber, escape pipe communicating pipe is mounted on main furnace chamber bottom except wet tank and main furnace chamber lower part, the first slag-draining device At portion, it is connected to the space of gas buffer chamber and secondary furnace chamber lower part the first communicating pipe, the second communicating pipe was connected to the second tail gas storage chamber With the first tail gas storage chamber, heat-preservation cylinder is mounted on secondary furnace body periphery, the second tail gas discharging pipe, third connecting is equipped on heat-preservation cylinder Pipe is connected to the space between the second tail gas storage chamber and heat-preservation cylinder and secondary furnace body, and material pusher is mounted on secondary furnace cavity bottom Place, the second slag-draining device are mounted at compensated cavity bottom.

Preferably, auxiliary body further includes the first helical blade, and the first helical blade, which is located at, is mounted on heat-preservation cylinder and secondary stove Between body.

Preferably, it is mounted on air bleeding valve on the first tail gas discharging pipe and the second tail gas discharging pipe.

Preferably, heat supply auxiliary tube is from top to bottom set gradually, and regulating valve is equipped on heat supply auxiliary tube.

Preferably, material pusher includes auxiliary frame and the second helical blade, and auxiliary frame is located at secondary furnace chamber with compensated cavity Opposite both sides, the second helical blade first end are rotatably connected auxiliary frame, and the second helical blade second end is by secondary furnace cavity bottom It passes through, and extends in compensated cavity.

Preferably, auxiliary frame is equipped with guide chamber, and the second helical blade first end is located in guide chamber, and auxiliary frame, which is located at, leads Feeding rack is installed, feeding rack is equipped with the feed inlet being connected to guide chamber at material chamber.

Preferably, the first tail gas storage chamber and exhaust emissions chamber are located at the opposite both sides of main furnace chamber.

The present invention makes secondary furnace chamber volume be less than main furnace chamber volume, passes through secondary stove feeding gate and main stove feeding gate difference when use Material is added, the material in main furnace chamber enters gas buffer chamber, the part gas of gas buffer chamber by the first interior cycle gas-guide tube Body is completed to dehumidify by dehumidification device, and another part enters secondary furnace chamber by the first communicating pipe, since secondary furnace body can be to master The gas that furnace chamber generates is further processed, thus control the reaction in secondary furnace body can effectively control it is of the invention whole The tail gas of the effect of garbage disposal, secondary furnace body is discharged by two approach, and first approach passes through the first tail gas storage chamber, tail gas Discharge chamber and heat supply auxiliary tube improve main furnace body garbage pre-heating effect, and second approach is matched by third connecting pipe and heat-preservation cylinder It is combined into secondary furnace insulation.The present invention is easy to use, effectively raises the effect of garbage disposal, and be effectively utilized at rubbish Energy during reason.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is a kind of garbage disposal furnace main view direction proposed by the present invention main furnace body perspective view;

Fig. 2 is a kind of garbage disposal furnace side-looking direction sectional view proposed by the present invention.

Specific implementation mode

Shown in referring to Figures 1 and 2, a kind of garbage disposal furnace proposed by the present invention, including main furnace body 1, secondary furnace body 2 and auxiliary Mechanism;

Main furnace chamber 11, gas buffer chamber 12, the first tail gas storage chamber 13 and exhaust emissions chamber 14 are equipped in main furnace body 1, it is main It is equipped on furnace body 1 in main 11 top of furnace chamber of connection and the first of gas buffer chamber 12 and recycles gas-guide tube 15, installed on main furnace body 1 There are multiple heat supply auxiliary tubes 16,16 part of heat supply auxiliary tube to be located in main furnace chamber 11, the both ends of heat supply auxiliary tube 16 are respectively communicated with First tail gas storage chamber 13 and exhaust emissions chamber 14 are equipped with the first exhaust emissions of connection exhaust emissions chamber 14 on main furnace body 1 Pipe 17, main 11 the first oxygen supplying tube of lower part 18 of furnace chamber of connection is equipped on main furnace body 1, and main furnace body 1 is located at peace at 11 top of main furnace chamber Equipped with main stove feeding gate 19;

Secondary furnace body 2 is equipped with the secondary furnace chamber 21, compensated cavity 22 and the second tail gas storage chamber 23 that are sequentially communicated, under secondary furnace chamber 21 Portion is connected to 22 top of compensated cavity, and the second interior cycle gas-guide tube of secondary 21 top of furnace chamber of connection and lower part is equipped in secondary furnace body 2 24, secondary furnace body 2 is equipped with the second oxygen supplying tube 25 and third oxygen supplying tube 26, and the second oxygen supplying tube 25 and third oxygen supplying tube 26 are respectively communicated with 22 lower part of 21 lower part of secondary furnace chamber and compensated cavity, secondary furnace body 2, which is located at 21 top of secondary furnace chamber, is equipped with secondary stove feeding gate 27;

Auxiliary body includes dehumidification device, the first slag-draining device 32, the first communicating pipe 33, the second communicating pipe 34, heat-preservation cylinder 35, third connecting pipe 36, material pusher and the second slag-draining device 38;Dehumidification device includes except wet tank 311, air inlet pipe 312 With escape pipe 313, air inlet pipe 312 is connected to except wet tank 311 and gas buffer chamber 12, and 313 communicating pipe of escape pipe is except wet tank 311 and master 11 lower part of furnace chamber, the first slag-draining device 32 are mounted at 11 bottom of main furnace chamber, be connected to the first communicating pipe 33 gas buffer chamber 12 with The space of 21 lower part of secondary furnace chamber, the second communicating pipe 34 are connected to the second tail gas storage chamber 23 and the first tail gas storage chamber 13, heat-preservation cylinder 35 are mounted on 2 periphery of secondary furnace body, are equipped with the second tail gas discharging pipe 351 on heat-preservation cylinder 35, third connecting pipe 36 is connected to the second tail Space between gas storage chamber 23 and heat-preservation cylinder 35 and secondary furnace body 2, material pusher are mounted at 21 bottom of secondary furnace chamber, and second Slag-draining device 38 is mounted at 22 bottom of compensated cavity.

The present invention makes 21 volume of secondary furnace chamber be less than 11 volume of main furnace chamber, passes through secondary stove feeding gate 27 and the charging of main stove when use Door 19 is separately added into material, and the material in main furnace chamber 11 enters gas buffer chamber 12, gas by the first interior cycle gas-guide tube 15 The portion gas of cushion chamber 12 is completed to dehumidify by dehumidification device, and another part is by entering secondary furnace chamber the first communicating pipe 33 21, since the gas that secondary furnace body 2 can generate main furnace chamber 11 is further processed, control reaction in secondary furnace body 2 just The effect of whole garbage disposal of the invention can be effectively controlled, the tail gas of secondary furnace body 2 is discharged by two approach, first Approach improves 1 garbage pre-heating effect of main furnace body by the first tail gas storage chamber 13, exhaust emissions chamber 14 and heat supply auxiliary tube 16, the Two approach are to be kept the temperature by third connecting pipe 36 and heat-preservation cylinder 35 with secondary furnace body 2 is combined into.

In present embodiment, auxiliary body further includes the first helical blade 39, and the first helical blade 39, which is located to be mounted on, to be protected Between warm cylinder 35 and secondary furnace body 2, it is effectively increased traveling time of the tail gas between heat-preservation cylinder 35 and secondary furnace body 2.

In present embodiment, it is mounted on air bleeding valve on the first tail gas discharging pipe 17 and the second tail gas discharging pipe 351, is convenient for Control the exhaust efficiency of the first tail gas discharging pipe 17 and the second tail gas discharging pipe 351.

In present embodiment, heat supply auxiliary tube 16 is from top to bottom set gradually, and regulating valve is equipped on heat supply auxiliary tube 16, Convenient for adjusting the temperature in main furnace chamber 11 at different height, and heat supply auxiliary tube 16 is not easy to influence rubbish whereabouts.

In present embodiment, material pusher includes auxiliary frame 371 and the second helical blade 372, auxiliary frame 371 with it is auxiliary Chamber 22 is helped to be located at the opposite both sides of secondary furnace chamber 21,372 first end of the second helical blade is rotatably connected auxiliary frame 371, the second spiral shell 372 second end of vane piece is passed through by 21 bottom of secondary furnace chamber, and is extended in compensated cavity 22, and the feeding convenient for stablizing material assists Chamber 22, helical blade do not easily cause material differentially-wound relative to screw rod, and auxiliary frame 371 is equipped with guide chamber, the second helical blade 372 first ends are located in guide chamber, and auxiliary frame 371, which is located at guide chamber, is equipped with feeding rack, and feeding rack is equipped with and guide chamber The feed inlet of connection completes rubbish heat treatment convenient for more dry material is added, or auxiliary material is added.

In present embodiment, the first tail gas storage chamber 13 and exhaust emissions chamber 14 are located at the opposite both sides of main furnace chamber 11, profit It is kept the temperature for main furnace chamber 11 with the first tail gas storage chamber 13 and exhaust emissions chamber 14.

The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, according to the technique and scheme of the present invention and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of garbage disposal furnace, it is characterised in that:Including main furnace body (1), secondary furnace body (2) and auxiliary body;
Main furnace chamber (11), gas buffer chamber (12), the first tail gas storage chamber (13) and exhaust emissions chamber are equipped in main furnace body (1) (14), it is equipped on main furnace body (1) in main furnace chamber (11) top of connection and the first of gas buffer chamber (12) and recycles gas-guide tube (15), multiple heat supply auxiliary tubes (16) are installed on main furnace body (1), heat supply auxiliary tube (16) is partly located in main furnace chamber (11), The both ends of heat supply auxiliary tube (16) are respectively communicated with the first tail gas storage chamber (13) and exhaust emissions chamber (14), and main furnace body is pacified on (1) Equipped with the first tail gas discharging pipe (17) for being connected to exhaust emissions chamber (14), it is equipped on main furnace body (1) under the main furnace chamber (11) of connection The first oxygen supplying tube of portion (18), main furnace body (1), which is located at main furnace chamber (11) top, is equipped with main stove feeding gate (19);
Secondary furnace body (2) is equipped with secondary furnace chamber (21), compensated cavity (22) and the second tail gas storage chamber (23) being sequentially communicated, secondary furnace chamber (21) lower part is connected to compensated cavity (22) top, and the second of secondary furnace chamber (21) top of connection and lower part is equipped in secondary furnace body (2) Interior cycle gas-guide tube (24), secondary furnace body (2) are equipped with the second oxygen supplying tube (25) and third oxygen supplying tube (26), the second oxygen supplying tube (25) It is respectively communicated with secondary furnace chamber (21) lower part and compensated cavity (22) lower part with third oxygen supplying tube (26), secondary furnace body (2) is located at secondary furnace chamber (21) secondary stove feeding gate (27) is installed at top;
Auxiliary body includes dehumidification device, the first slag-draining device (32), the first communicating pipe (33), the second communicating pipe (34), heat preservation Cylinder (35), third connecting pipe (36), material pusher and the second slag-draining device (38);Dehumidification device include except wet tank (311), Air inlet pipe (312) and escape pipe (313), air inlet pipe (312) connection is except wet tank (311) and gas buffer chamber (12), escape pipe (313) communicating pipe, the first slag-draining device (32) was mounted on main furnace chamber (11) bottom except wet tank (311) and main furnace chamber (11) lower part Place is connected to the space of gas buffer chamber (12) and secondary furnace chamber (21) lower part, the second communicating pipe (34) connection the first communicating pipe (33) Second tail gas storage chamber (23) and the first tail gas storage chamber (13), heat-preservation cylinder (35) are mounted on secondary furnace body (2) periphery, heat-preservation cylinder (35) the second tail gas discharging pipe (351) is installed, third connecting pipe (36) is connected to the second tail gas storage chamber (23) and heat-preservation cylinder on (35) space between secondary furnace body (2), material pusher are mounted at secondary furnace chamber (21) bottom, the second slag-draining device (38) At compensated cavity (22) bottom.
2. garbage disposal furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Auxiliary body further includes the first helical blade (39), the first helical blade (39) is located between heat-preservation cylinder (35) and secondary furnace body (2).
3. garbage disposal furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First tail gas discharging pipe (17) and the second tail gas row It puts and is mounted on air bleeding valve on pipe (351).
4. garbage disposal furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The multiple heat supply auxiliary tube (16) is from top to bottom It sets gradually, heat supply auxiliary tube is equipped with regulating valve on (16).
5. garbage disposal furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Material pusher include auxiliary frame (371) and Second helical blade (372), auxiliary frame (371) are located at the opposite both sides of secondary furnace chamber (21), the second spiral shell with compensated cavity (22) Vane piece (372) first end is rotatably coupled auxiliary frame (371), and the second helical blade (372) second end is by secondary furnace chamber (21) Bottom passes through, and extends in compensated cavity (22).
6. garbage disposal furnace according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Auxiliary frame (371) is equipped with guide chamber, the second spiral shell Vane piece (372) first end is located in guide chamber, and auxiliary frame (371), which is located at guide chamber, is equipped with feeding rack, is set on feeding rack There is the feed inlet being connected to guide chamber.
7. garbage disposal furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First tail gas storage chamber (13) and exhaust emissions chamber (14) the opposite both sides of main furnace chamber (11) are located at.
CN201710023024.2A 2017-01-13 2017-01-13 A kind of garbage disposal furnace CN106765125B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710023024.2A CN106765125B (en) 2017-01-13 2017-01-13 A kind of garbage disposal furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710023024.2A CN106765125B (en) 2017-01-13 2017-01-13 A kind of garbage disposal furnace

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CN106765125A CN106765125A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106765125B true CN106765125B (en) 2018-11-13

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5523060A (en) * 1995-03-21 1996-06-04 Hogan; Jim S. Apparatus for retorting material
KR20010083018A (en) * 2000-02-23 2001-08-31 김고정 Purification device for waste incineration
US6653517B2 (en) * 2001-04-03 2003-11-25 Billy P Bullock Hydrocarbon conversion apparatus and method
CN104165365A (en) * 2014-02-17 2014-11-26 歙县绿源环保设备有限公司 Garbage incineration disposal device
CN106196088A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-07 李世平 A kind of incinerator of energy-saving and emission-reduction
CN106224974A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-14 湖南瑞新机械制造有限公司 Waste incineration processing system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5523060A (en) * 1995-03-21 1996-06-04 Hogan; Jim S. Apparatus for retorting material
KR20010083018A (en) * 2000-02-23 2001-08-31 김고정 Purification device for waste incineration
US6653517B2 (en) * 2001-04-03 2003-11-25 Billy P Bullock Hydrocarbon conversion apparatus and method
CN104165365A (en) * 2014-02-17 2014-11-26 歙县绿源环保设备有限公司 Garbage incineration disposal device
CN106196088A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-07 李世平 A kind of incinerator of energy-saving and emission-reduction
CN106224974A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-14 湖南瑞新机械制造有限公司 Waste incineration processing system

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