CN106757681B - A kind of design method of the full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric - Google Patents

A kind of design method of the full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric Download PDF

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CN106757681B
CN106757681B CN201611126237.XA CN201611126237A CN106757681B CN 106757681 B CN106757681 B CN 106757681B CN 201611126237 A CN201611126237 A CN 201611126237A CN 106757681 B CN106757681 B CN 106757681B
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color
fabric
colour
needle
kinds
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CN106757681A (en
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李启正
祝成炎
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D21/00Lappet- or swivel-woven fabrics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D13/00Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D13/00Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft
    • D03D13/004Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft with weave pattern being non-standard or providing special effects
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D13/00Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft
    • D03D13/008Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft characterised by weave density or surface weight
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/50Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the properties of the yarns or threads
    • D03D15/54Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the properties of the yarns or threads coloured
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/02Cotton
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]

Abstract

The present invention relates to jacquard fabric design fields, and in particular to a kind of design method of the full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric.The only black and white weft different with 6 kinds of colored warps and 4 kinds of thicknesses, it omits artistic conception design and repairs figure process, directly in the corresponding colour table tissue in color separated image upper berth, by interweaving so that fabric color level is abundant, pattern effect is true to nature, realizes the innovative development design of multicolored warp jacquard fabric product.

Description

A kind of design method of the full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric
Technical field
The present invention relates to jacquard fabric design fields, and in particular to a kind of design of the full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric Method.
Background technique
Colored jacquard weave woven includes developed the color (multicolored warp) jacquard fabric and latitude colour-rendering jacquard fabric two major classes, latitude colour developing Jacquard fabric can regard pictures such as landscape, portrait etc. as grain pattern, using highly dense mulberry silk of low denier as raw material, by warp of the same colour and Polychrome weft is woven into a kind of color hierarchy silk weaving articles abundant, but most of latitude colour-rendering jacquard fabric thread counts compared with Height, breed structure is relatively easy, will seem rough insufficient when showing the rough picture of some styles and exquisiteness is had a surplus.Polychrome It is interwoven through jacquard fabric by polychrome warp and thicker polychrome weft, rough, wear-resisting washable, the decoration practicability with style The advantages that strong, but its color expressive ability is limited.In recent years, with the development of jacquard weave and weaving technology, multicolored warp jacquard product Design efficiency greatly improve.But for constructive variation multiplicity, color change it is single multicolored warp jacquard fabric design and Speech, people generally require by increasing dyed yarn quantity, and complex organization's structure produces to be designed, so that design difficulty increases, Technique more complicates, and the color innovative space of the kind fabric is limited.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to solve the above problems, provide a kind of design side of the full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric Method.
In order to achieve the above object of the invention, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of design method of the full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric, specifically includes the following steps:
(1) longitude and latitude color determines: determining the color through 6 groups of warps of colour-rendering jacquard fabric are as follows: it is red, yellow, green, blue, black, white, With 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1 arrangement on loom, chooses 1 group therein or 2 be fitted in the surface layer of fabric for determining fabric color Form and aspect, the different floating length of colored warp arrangement are used to show the purity of fabric color, and weft is respectively placed in the table of fabric with black and white Inner layer adjusts the lightness of fabric color, selects 4 groups of 1: 1: 1: 1 pickings of weft, color is respectively thick black, thin black, thick white, thin It is white, wherein it is thick black, thick white for determining the lightness of fabric color, and it is thin black, thin white then for the fine tuning of lightness and fabric tissue Consolidation;
(2) table organization designs: using circulation for 4 basic organization, minimum Weaving Cycle of 6 colors through 4 barry dyeing fabrics is 24 ×16;By the longitude and latitude combination of standardization and organizational structure design, 8 form and aspect, 5 lightness, 6 chromas totally 240 kinds of face can be clearly expressed Color change:
Table organization embodies 8 kinds of form and aspect of fabric using the combination collocation of warp color, and 4 kinds of red, yellow, green, blue of expression is pure When colour system, the warp configuration of corresponding color is chosen from 4 kinds of colored warps in textile surface, other color warps are configured in fabric Inner layer does not develop the color;When expressing orange, yellowish green, green, purple 4 kinds of mixing colour system, red+yellow, yellow+green, green+blue, blue+red 4 kinds of combinations are selected The configuration of warp 1: 1 in textile surface, the configuration of other color warps does not develop the color in fabric inner layer;
Table organization expresses 5 kinds of lightness variation of fabric, the outer weft of fabric using the combination collocation of 4 kinds of black and white wefts are as follows: It is thick black+thin black, thick black+thin white, thick black+thick white, thick white+thin black, thick white+thin white;
Black and white warp is for the fine tuning of lightness and the stabilization of guarantee institutional framework;
Table organization is changed using the floating long variation of colored warp to control 6 kinds of chromas of fabric, and respectively 4 × 4 bases are followed In ring, colored warp zero floats that length, total pressure on fine filling, 1/4 pressure on heavy filling/pick, total pressure on heavy filling/pick upper half pressure, heavy filling/pick, total pressure adds on heavy filling/pick Fine filling upper half pressure;
Black and white warp will not change the colour system of fabric, can be used to ensure that the stabilization of institutional framework;
(3) backing organization design: according to fabric softness needs, select 1/3 brokentwlllweave, 2/2 twill, 3/1 brokentwlllweave or Backing tissue of the plain weave as 6 colors through 4 barry dyeings;Wherein 1/3 brokentwlllweave backing is due to floating long longest in the back side, and intertexture is minimum, fabric Most soft, plain weave backing is due to interweaving at most, and floating length is most short, and fabric is most stiffening.
(4) stitch weave designs: using the stitch weave for connecing back weft under outer weft, connecing using under the black or white warp on surface layer The fine filling of inner layer is tied, and uses 3/1 brokentwlllweave for stitch weave;
(5) drafting of organization chart: according to the design of table organization, backing tissue and stitch weave draw the colour developing of 30 kinds of single group latitudes and 30 kinds of double group latitudes colour developing schematic illustration of tissue, then colour developing warp is exchanged by computer program, be finally converted to the tissue being unfolded entirely Figure is stored in tissue bank after standardization name;
(6) color separation of grain pattern: according to fabric variety specification requirement, 240 kinds of groups are woven on loom in the form of small color lump It is weaved, the true color value of 240 fabric color lumps is obtained using color measurement instrument, and 240 kinds of colors are stored as color separation color Plate.Any grain pattern carries out selected color color separation using 240 color colour tables.It, can be by selecting different algorithm of color separation and expansion in color separation Scattered degree is as consistent as possible to make color separation original text and original copy holding.The color separation original text obtained using true colors colour table color separation with finally knit There is great similarity between the fabric made, achieve the effect that What You See Is What You Get;
(7) production of line version: only have 240 colors using the grain pattern that fixed colour table color separation obtains, 240 colors are one by one 240 tissues in corresponding tissue bank are knitted by chain library in software in line or pass through the modes such as filling in PHOTOSHOP software Corresponding line version file can be obtained after the auxiliary needles tissue such as obtaining identity line version, then adding side texture, select latitude tissue.
Preferably, the method for drafting for the organization chart that this method step (5) uses are as follows: it is organized based on four pieces of tissues, Whole drafting is not unfolded for warp weft, then tissue is unfolded by computer program, the organization chart being unfolded.
Preferably, specifically includes the following steps:
(1) determine warp: terylene net-thread, warp put in order from left to right successively are as follows: red, yellow, green, blue, it is black, It is white, and according to 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1 arrangement;
Determine weft: cotton yarn and terylene net-thread, weft put in order successively are as follows: black cotton yarn, white cotton yarn, black Terylene net-thread, white polyester network yarn, by 1: 1: 1: 1 arrangement;
Total line needle: 6144 needles
Latitude needle: the 1st needle to the 8th needle is selected, totally 8 needle;
Left side needle: the 11st needle to the 25th needle, totally 16 needle;
Main line needle: the 26th needle to the 5065th needle, totally 5040 needle;
The right needle: the 5066th to the 5080th needle, totally 16 needle;
(2) grain pattern layout: the color of grain pattern original copy is unrestricted, according to thread number and fabric variety requirement, grain pattern Minimum to have 5040/6=840 pixel wide, to guarantee that dermatoglyphic pattern of the fabric has preferable clarity, artistic conception original text needs to carry out 6 needles 4 The processing of shuttle crisperding;
(3) technological design: knitting in system or PHOTOSHOP in line, and colored grain pattern is carried out rope using 240 true color colour tables Draw color separation, system corresponds to 240 kinds of tissues in tissue bank automatically.After completing tissue laying, it is reconfigured corresponding auxiliary needle tissue And side texture, the lines version file such as EP or JC5 that electronic jacquard can be read can be obtained;
(4) it weaves: under the longitude and latitude process conditions of setting, EP or JC5 line version file being input to the enterprising weaving of jacquard.
Preferably, warp density on machine is 71/cm, weft density on machine is 30/cm.
It is shown preferably, the Color Scheme of dermatoglyphic pattern of the fabric is developed the color 3 kinds using Dan Jingse colour developing, the colour developing of double ends color, three through color Color method.
Preferably, selecting 1/3 brokentwlllweave, the backing tissue using 1/3 brokentwlllweave as 6 colors through 4 barry dyeings in step (3).
Compared with prior art, the present invention beneficial effect is: method of the invention reduces the selection of dyed yarn, only selects Red, yellow, blue, green, black, white 6 kinds of warp thread colors, then cooperate and represent these types of color respective organization, it is mixed according to spatial color former Reason realizes the innovative design exploitation of multicolored warp jacquard fabric by longitude and latitude intertexture colour mixture, it can with seldom yarn color It realizes colourful fabric color effect, while greatly improving the production efficiency of product.
This programme proposes that 6 colors through 4 barry dyeings, greatly improve the uniformity of color hierarchy transition.
This method can be interweaved colourful fabric color effect out with seldom yarn color, be reduced due to selected Yarn primary colors and corresponding tissue excessively cause for example color-match mistake in process of producing product, color separation design, artistic conception design The problem of trouble etc. opens up the new idea and method of one kind to design multicolored warp jacquard fabric, only with 6 kinds of colored warps and 4 kinds The different black and white weft of thickness omits artistic conception design and repairs figure process, directly in the corresponding colour table tissue in color separated image upper berth, leads to Intertexture is crossed so that fabric color level is abundant, pattern effect is true to nature, and the innovative development for realizing multicolored warp jacquard fabric product is set Meter.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the 5040 scale figures of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is 1 group of the embodiment of the present invention 1 and the colour atla that 2 groups of warps develop the color;
Fig. 3 is the colour atla of the group warp colour developing of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 4 is the colour atla of the group warp colour developing of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 5 is that the tissue of the embodiment of the present invention 1 indicates to be intended to;
Fig. 6 is that the embodiment of the present invention 1 selects latitude organization chart;
Fig. 7 is the side texture figure of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 8-10 is the grain pattern that the weaving of the embodiment of the present invention 1 finishes;
Figure 11 is the grain pattern original image of the embodiment of the present invention 2;
Figure 12 is the grain pattern figure adjusted of the embodiment of the present invention 2
Figure 13 is the grain pattern figure after the color separation of the embodiment of the present invention 2;
Figure 14 is the electronics line domain of the embodiment of the present invention 2;
Figure 15 is the pictorial diagram after the weaving of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment the technical scheme of the present invention will be further described explanation.
If raw material employed in the embodiment of the present invention is raw material commonly used in the art without specified otherwise, implement Method employed in example, is the conventional method of this field.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of design method of the full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric, specifically includes the following steps:
(1) longitude and latitude color determines: determining the color through 6 groups of warps of colour-rendering jacquard fabric are as follows: it is red, yellow, green, blue, black, white, With 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1 arrangement on loom, chooses 1 group therein or 2 be fitted in the surface layer of fabric for determining fabric color Form and aspect, the different floating length of colored warp arrangement are used to show the purity of fabric color, and weft is respectively placed in the table of fabric with black and white Inner layer adjusts the lightness of fabric color, selects 4 groups of 1: 1: 1: 1 pickings of weft, color is respectively thick black, thin black, thick white, thin It is white, wherein it is thick black, thick white for determining the lightness of fabric color, and it is thin black, thin white then for the fine tuning of lightness and fabric tissue Consolidation,
(2) table organization designs: using circulation for 4 basic organization, minimum Weaving Cycle of 6 colors through 4 barry dyeing fabrics is 24 ×16;By the longitude and latitude combination of standardization and organizational structure design, 8 form and aspect, 5 lightness, 6 chromas totally 240 kinds of face can be clearly expressed Color change:
Table organization embodies 8 kinds of form and aspect of fabric using the combination collocation of warp color, and 4 kinds of red, yellow, green, blue of expression is pure When colour system, the warp configuration of corresponding color is chosen from 4 kinds of colored warps in textile surface, other color warps are configured in fabric Inner layer does not develop the color;When expressing orange, yellowish green, green, purple 4 kinds of mixing colour system, red+yellow, yellow+green, green+blue, blue+red 4 kinds of combinations are selected The configuration of warp 1: 1 in textile surface, the configuration of other color warps does not develop the color in fabric inner layer;
Table organization expresses 5 kinds of lightness variation of fabric, the outer weft of fabric using the combination collocation of 4 kinds of black and white wefts are as follows: It is thick black+thin black, thick black+thin white, thick black+thick white, thick white+thin black, thick white+thin white;Fine tuning and guarantor of the black and white warp for lightness Demonstrate,prove the stabilization of institutional framework;
Table organization is changed using the floating long variation of colored warp to control 6 kinds of chromas of fabric, and respectively 4 × 4 bases are followed In ring, colored warp zero floats that length, total pressure on fine filling, 1/4 pressure on heavy filling/pick, total pressure on heavy filling/pick upper half pressure, heavy filling/pick, total pressure adds on heavy filling/pick Fine filling upper half pressure;Black and white warp will not change the colour system of fabric, can be used to ensure that the stabilization of institutional framework;
(3) it backing organization design: according to fabric softness needs, selects 1/3 brokentwlllweave, 2/2 twill, 3/1 brokentwlllweave, put down Line, the backing tissue as 6 colors through 4 barry dyeings, wherein 1/3 brokentwlllweave backing since long longest is floated at the back side, interweaves minimum, fabric is most Softness, plain weave backing is due to interweaving at most, and floating length is most short, and fabric is most stiffening.Therefore select 1/3 brokentwlllweave, using 1/3 brokentwlllweave as Backing tissue of 6 colors through 4 barry dyeings;
(4) stitch weave designs: using the stitch weave for connecing back weft under outer weft, connecing using under the black or white warp on surface layer The fine filling of inner layer is tied, and uses 3/1 brokentwlllweave for stitch weave;
(5) drafting of organization chart: according to the design of table organization, backing tissue and stitch weave draw the colour developing of 30 kinds of single group latitudes and 30 kinds of double group latitudes colour developing schematic illustration of tissue, then colour developing warp is exchanged by computer program, be finally converted to the tissue being unfolded entirely Figure is stored in tissue bank after standardization name;
(6) color separation of grain pattern: according to fabric variety specification requirement, 240 kinds of groups are woven on loom in the form of small color lump It is weaved, the true color value of 240 fabric color lumps is obtained using color measurement instrument, and 240 kinds of colors are stored as color separation color Plate.Any grain pattern carries out selected color color separation using 240 color colour tables.It, can be by selecting different algorithm of color separation and expansion in color separation Scattered degree is as consistent as possible to make color separation original text and original copy holding.The color separation original text obtained using true colors colour table color separation with finally knit There is great similarity between the fabric made, achieve the effect that What You See Is What You Get;
(7) production of line version: only have 240 colors using the grain pattern that fixed colour table color separation obtains, 240 colors are one by one 240 tissues in corresponding tissue bank are knitted by chain library in software in line or pass through the modes such as filling in PHOTOSHOP software Identity line version is obtained, corresponding line version file can be obtained after addition side texture, the auxiliary needles tissue such as select latitude tissue.
About this method, the method for drafting of used organization chart are as follows: organized based on four pieces of tissues, warp weft is not Expansion is whole to draw, and then tissue is unfolded by computer program, the organization chart being unfolded.
As follows by taking actual production as an example, specific steps are as follows:
(1) determine warp: 16.7tex terylene net-thread, warp put in order from left to right successively are as follows: red, yellow, and green, It is blue, black, white, and according to 1 to 1 arrangement;
Determine weft: 60tex cotton yarn and 16.7tex terylene net-thread, cotton yarn and terylene net-thread, weft put in order Successively are as follows: black cotton yarn, white cotton yarn, black terylene network yarn, white polyester network yarn;
Total line needle: 6144 needles
Latitude needle: the 1st needle to the 8th needle is selected, totally 8 needle;
Left side needle: the 11st needle to the 25th needle, totally 16 needle;
Main line needle: the 26th needle to the 5065th needle, totally 5040 needle;
The right needle: the 5066th to the 5080th needle, totally 16 needle;
Fabric manufacture equipment: surprise 5040 needle electronic jacquards of remittance, Domestic Rapier Loom,
Specifically as shown in Figure 1,5040 scales.
(2) grain pattern layout: the color of grain pattern original copy is unrestricted, according to thread number and fabric variety requirement, grain pattern Minimum to have 5040/6=840 pixel wide, to guarantee that dermatoglyphic pattern of the fabric has preferable clarity, artistic conception original text needs to carry out 6 needles 4 The processing of shuttle crisperding;
The above tissue shares 12+360+720+720=1812 tissue by way of permutation and combination.By all tissues It makes, and tissue is unfolded by CASE(Computer Aided Software Engineering).All tissue layouts are generated into electronics line version format, institute together The thread number of electronic faucet is 5040, and according to the naming order of tissue, every row arranges 35 tissues, the size of each tissue For 144 × 144 pixels, the small cube of about 2cm × 5cm weaves tissue colour atla, and all tissue lines are conducive to together Later colour examining.Its electronics line domain such as Fig. 2,3,4: above 3 figure is that the image file of BMP format must to looming weaving BMP file must be converted into the formats such as EP or the JC5 that jacquard can be read.
(3) technological design: knitting in system or PHOTOSHOP in line, and colored grain pattern is carried out rope using 240 true color colour tables Draw color separation, system corresponds to 240 kinds of tissues in tissue bank automatically.After completing tissue laying, it is reconfigured corresponding auxiliary needle tissue And side texture, the lines version file such as EP or JC5 that electronic jacquard can be read can be obtained;
First the image file of BMP is imported into jacquard weaving CAD system, by its color separation, is divided into 2 colors, wherein white represents Latitude interlacing point, red are represented through interlacing point.Then technological operation is carried out, is first throwed a spear, preservation is throwed a spear, then fills out tissue table, tissue Table such as Fig. 5;Wherein No. 12 are to select latitude needle, and xw1234 is to select latitude tissue, such as Fig. 6, and No. 10 needles are side needles, and b8-8 is side texture, such as Fig. 7.After completion, clicks line version and handle the EP or JC5 that BMP converting of image file can be read at electronic jacquard Equal formats.By EP or JC5 file storage into floppy disk, then it is input to the enterprising weaving of jacquard.
(4) it weaves: under the longitude and latitude process conditions of setting, EP or JC5 line version file being input to the enterprising weaving of jacquard, Warp density on machine is 71/cm, and weft density on machine is 30/cm.
Totally 3 pieces of grain pattern finished are weaved, such as Fig. 8,9,10;
Embodiment 2:
Ridge tracing
Six colors are made to obtain best sharpness through the figure of three barry dyeing fabrics, each color pixel point on digital grain pattern needs The tissue of corresponding 6 needle, 3 shuttle.[31] similarly, six colors need to correspond to through each color pixel point on the digital grain pattern of four barry dyeings The tissue of one 6 needle, 4 shuttle.Therefore the pixel value of grain pattern width is generally set to 1/6th of the total thread number of a Hua, grain pattern height Pixel value is then calculated according to beating density and finished size, and is the multiple of tissue broadwise recurring number.
In order to embody the color in all 256 color colour atlas as far as possible, select one piece containing it is red, orange, yellow, yellowish green, green, green, blue, The digital image of purple 8 tones is as grain pattern, such as Figure 11;
The specification of original image be 1024 × 768, the specification of grain pattern is adjusted, finished product through it is close be 71/cm, latitude Close is 35/cm, and due to corresponding 6 needle, 4 shuttle of each pixel, therefore grain pattern width is 5040/6=840, in order to keep finished product image constant Shape, grain pattern height are adjusted to 5040 × 768 × 35/71/1024/4=464, take 460.Such as Figure 12 after adjustment:
Technological design
Grain pattern specification can carry out color separation to grain pattern after adjusting, and 256 color colour atlas are used when color separation, grain pattern is divided into 256 Color.The specific steps are grain pattern is opened with Photoshop, grain pattern is divided into appreciable 256 color with " indexed color ", then will Colour atla imports, i.e., the color on available colour atla carries out color separation to grain pattern, image as shown in fig. 13 that is obtained after color separation, after color separation Grain pattern is lower than the lightness before color separation, but generally level, than more visible, color is also relatively abundanter, can give expression to original image Information.After color separation, each color has a corresponding tissue, as corresponding to the color that Hsb value is 5,35,41 on image Institutional framework is W-D4-S5, each color, which spreads corresponding tissue and carries out process again, can be obtained by electronics line version.
After electronics text version is input to electronic jacquard machine, first to fourth weft yarn is respectively set to thick black, thick white, thin It is black, thin white, test weaving experiment can be started.Electronics text version such as Figure 14;
By upper machine test weaving, following products in kind, such as Figure 15 are obtained.
By comparing the product of digital image and test weaving, test weaving product style is rough, and color is relatively abundant, clear layer, energy The content that enough preferable expression digital images are shown.But the overall brightness of test weaving product is slightly dark compared with original copy, Individual colours with Original copy also has a little discrepancy, has much room for improvement in the future.But for general effect, the line that this opinion corresponds to tissue with color automatically is knitted Design method achieves initial success.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of design method of full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric, which is characterized in that specifically includes the following steps:
(1) longitude and latitude color determines: determining the color through 6 groups of warps of colour-rendering jacquard fabric are as follows: it is red, yellow, green, blue, black, white, it is knitting With 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1 arrangement on machine, choose 1 group therein or 2 be fitted in fabric surface layer be used to determine the form and aspect of fabric color, The different floating length of colored warp arrangement is used to show the purity of fabric color, and weft is come with the table inner layer that black and white is respectively placed in fabric The lightness of fabric color is adjusted, 4 groups of 1: 1: 1: 1 pickings of weft are selected, color is respectively thick black, thin black, thick white, thin white, wherein Thick black, the thick white lightness for being used to determine fabric color, and thin black, the thin white then consolidation for the fine tuning of lightness and fabric tissue;
(2) table organization designs: using circulation for 4 basic organization, minimum Weaving Cycle of 6 colors through 4 barry dyeing fabrics is 24 × 16; By the longitude and latitude combination of standardization and organizational structure design, 8 form and aspect, 5 lightness, 6 chromas totally 240 kinds of color changes are clearly expressed:
Table organization embodies 8 kinds of form and aspect of fabric using the combination collocation of warp color, expresses 4 kinds of pure color systems of red, yellow, green, blue When, the warp configuration of corresponding color is chosen from 4 kinds of colored warps in textile surface, other color warps are configured in fabric inner layer It does not develop the color;When expressing orange, yellowish green, green, purple 4 kinds of mixing colour system, the warp of red+yellow, yellow+green, green+blue, blue+red 4 kinds of combinations is selected The configuration of line 1: 1 does not develop the color in textile surface, the configuration of other color warps in fabric inner layer;
Table organization expresses 5 kinds of lightness variation of fabric, the outer weft of fabric using the combination collocation of 4 kinds of black and white wefts are as follows: slightly black+ It is thin black, thick black+thin white, thick black+thick white, thick white+thin black, thick white+thin white;
Table organization is changed using the floating long variation of colored warp to control 6 kinds of chromas of fabric, in respectively 4 × 4 basis circulations, Colored warp zero floats length, total pressure on fine filling, 1/4 pressure on heavy filling/pick, total pressure on heavy filling/pick upper half pressure, heavy filling/pick, total pressure refinement latitude on heavy filling/pick Upper half pressure;
(3) according to fabric softness needs, 1/3 brokentwlllweave, 2/2 twill, 3/1 brokentwlllweave or plain weave backing organization design: are selected Backing tissue as 6 colors through 4 barry dyeings;
(4) stitch weave designs: using the stitch weave for connecing back weft under outer weft, using in the binding under the black or white warp on surface layer The fine filling of layer, and use 3/1 brokentwlllweave for stitch weave;
(5) 30 kinds of single group latitude colour developings and 30 kinds the drafting of organization chart: are drawn according to the design of table organization, backing tissue and stitch weave Double groups of latitudes colour developing schematic illustration of tissue, then colour developing warp is exchanged by computer program, the organization chart being unfolded entirely is finally converted to, is advised Tissue bank is stored in after generalized name;
(6) color separation of grain pattern: according to fabric variety specification requirement, 240 kinds of groups is woven on loom and are carried out in the form of small color lump Weaving, the true color value of 240 fabric color lumps is obtained using color measurement instrument, and 240 kinds of colors are stored as color separation colour table;Appoint Meaning grain pattern carries out selected color color separation using 240 color colour tables;In color separation, by select different algorithm of color separation and diffusion come It is consistent color separation original text with original copy;The color separation original text that is obtained using true colors colour table color separation with finally weave obtained fabric it Between have great similarity, achieve the effect that What You See Is What You Get;
(7) production of line version: only have 240 colors using the grain pattern that fixed colour table color separation obtains, 240 colors correspond 240 tissues in tissue bank, knit by chain library in software in line or are obtained just in Photoshop software by filling mode Body line version, then add side texture, select latitude tissue auxiliary needle tissue after obtain corresponding line version file.
2. design method of a kind of full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric according to claim 1, which is characterized in that this method The method for drafting for the organization chart that step (5) uses are as follows: it is organized based on four pieces of tissues, whole drafting is not unfolded for warp weft, Then tissue is unfolded by computer program, the organization chart being unfolded.
3. design method of a kind of full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include Following steps:
(1) determine warp: terylene net-thread, warp put in order from left to right successively are as follows: and it is red, yellow, green, blue, black, white, and And according to 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1 arrangement;
Determine weft: cotton yarn and terylene net-thread, weft put in order successively are as follows: black cotton yarn, white cotton yarn, black terylene Network yarn, white polyester network yarn;
Total line needle: 6144 needles
Latitude needle: the 1st needle to the 8th needle is selected, totally 8 needle;
Left side needle: the 11st needle to the 25th needle, totally 16 needle;
Main line needle: the 26th needle to the 5065th needle, totally 5040 needle;
The right needle: the 5066th to the 5080th needle, totally 16 needle;
(2) grain pattern layout: the color of grain pattern original copy is unrestricted, and according to thread number and fabric variety requirement, grain pattern is minimum There should be 5040/6=840 pixel wide, to guarantee that dermatoglyphic pattern of the fabric has preferable clarity, artistic conception original text needs to carry out 6 needle, 4 shuttle hook Side processing;
(3) technological design: knitting in system or PHOTOSHOP in line, is indexed colored grain pattern point using 240 true color colour tables Color, system correspond to 240 kinds of tissues in tissue bank automatically;After completing tissue laying, it is reconfigured corresponding auxiliary needle tissue and side Tissue is to get EP the or JC5 line version file that can be read to electronic jacquard;
(4) it weaves: under the longitude and latitude process conditions of setting, EP or JC5 line version file being input on jacquard and is weaved.
4. design method of a kind of full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric according to claim 1, which is characterized in that upper machine warp Close is 71/cm, and weft density on machine is 30/cm.
5. design method of a kind of full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric according to claim 1, which is characterized in that fabric line The Color Scheme of sample is using Dan Jingse colour developing, the colour developing of double ends color and three through color 3 kinds of coloration methods of colour developing.
6. design method of a kind of full color through colour-rendering jacquard fabric according to claim 1, which is characterized in that step (3) 1/3 brokentwlllweave, the backing tissue using 1/3 brokentwlllweave as 6 colors through 4 barry dyeings are selected in.
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