CN106754236A - A kind of shaping of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw, irradiation and enzymolysis processing system - Google Patents

A kind of shaping of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw, irradiation and enzymolysis processing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106754236A
CN106754236A CN201611012422.6A CN201611012422A CN106754236A CN 106754236 A CN106754236 A CN 106754236A CN 201611012422 A CN201611012422 A CN 201611012422A CN 106754236 A CN106754236 A CN 106754236A
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irradiation
straw
stalk
shaping
conveying
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CN106754236B (en
Inventor
陈亮
王克勤
郭栋豪
武小芬
齐慧
陈静萍
邓明
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Hunan academy of agricultural sciences
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Hunan academy of agricultural sciences
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/12Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses for producing fuels or solvents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/18Apparatus specially designed for the use of free, immobilized or carrier-bound enzymes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M33/00Means for introduction, transport, positioning, extraction, harvesting, peeling or sampling of biological material in or from the apparatus
    • C12M33/20Ribbons
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M45/00Means for pre-treatment of biological substances
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M45/00Means for pre-treatment of biological substances
    • C12M45/02Means for pre-treatment of biological substances by mechanical forces; Stirring; Trituration; Comminuting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of formation system of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw, the formation system includes conveying device, shear, shaped device and charging box;Conveying device includes first-level transport mechanism, roller mechanism, secondary conveyor and three-level conveying mechanism, the output end of first-level transport mechanism is connected with the input of roller mechanism, the output end of roller mechanism is connected with the input of secondary conveyor, the output end of secondary conveyor is connected with the charging aperture of shaped device, shear is located at the top of secondary conveyor, the discharging opening of shaped device is located at the top of three-level conveying mechanism, charging box is located on three-level transmission mechanism and can be conveyed with it and the lower section of discharging opening by shaped device, the present invention can be realized the full-automatic cut-out of stalk, shaping and packing, greatly improve the efficiency of stalk automatic moulding.

Description

A kind of shaping of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw, irradiation and enzymolysis processing system
Technical field
The present invention relates to straw utilization field, more particularly to a kind of shaping of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw, irradiation and enzymolysis Processing system.
Background technology
China is an energy famine but the huge country of its demand, the energy substance for using at present mainly stone Oil, coal, natural gas etc..Not only reserves are limited for these fossil energies, and its a large amount of use also brings serious environment Problem.Development clean reproducible energy is very urgent.Biomass energy is a kind of abundant regenerative resource, if can be closed Reason is utilized, and will can greatly reduce the undue dependence to fossil energy, is had in China's safe new system of future source of energy is built Very important status.
Agricultural crop straw is the important component of biomass energy, and it contains huge energy.The crops of China Stalk resource very abundant, stalk total output is up to more than 700,000,000 tons.But because its distributional region is wide, there is the seasonality and difference of results Property, and lack and collect technology of storage and transport and the equipment that matches, therefore a large amount of stalks cannot rationally be collected and utilized and a large amount of Burn, the pollution problem for producing therewith has turned into a social big public hazards.Native cellulose and hemicellulose in stalk is equal It is polysaccharide, the compound of ethanol, organic acid and other alternative fossil energy products can be converted into through hydrolysed ferment, therefore to it Carrying out rational Collection utilization has turned into one of focus of current research.
In order that stalk is applied to the production of alcohol fuel, traditional processing mode be by stalk through mechanical crushing or Grind to form short grained powder of straw, its advantage is that operation is simple, easily implement, but mechanical crushing energy consumption it is big, to material Fragility and moisture have requirement higher, and grinding particle size is also restrained, so as to cause production cost to be difficult to control to, therefore need Pretreatment to be first modified to change its physicochemical character.Researcher is in collection, treatment, cost, energy consumption and to environment shadow Loud technical bottleneck aspect is conducted in-depth research to agricultural crop straw, and discovery can be very after being pre-processed to stalk Cost and energy consumption are solved the problems, such as well, so as to realize reaching the efficient utilization of stalk.As can be seen here, the preprocess method of stalk It is to break through one of key that current High-efficiency straw is utilized.
The content of the invention
To solve the above problems, present invention aim at a kind of shaping of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw of offer, irradiation and enzyme Solution processing system.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides a kind of formation system of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw, the shaping system System includes conveying device, shear, shaped device and charging box;The conveying device includes first-level transport mechanism, disk roller machine Structure, secondary conveyor and three-level conveying mechanism, the output end of the first-level transport mechanism and the input of the roller mechanism End connection, the output end of the roller mechanism is connected with the input of the secondary conveyor, the secondary conveyor Output end is connected with the charging aperture of the shaped device, and the shear is located at the top of the secondary conveyor, described The discharging opening of shaped device is located at the top of the three-level conveying mechanism, and the charging box is located on the three-level transmission mechanism simultaneously Simply can be compressed into stalk surely by the lower section of discharging opening that can be with its conveying by the shaped device, the system Fixed indeformable stalk block.
Further, the first-level transport mechanism, secondary conveyor, three-level conveying mechanism are conveyer belt conveyer Structure, the conveying device also includes a flat material subband, and the flat material subband is arranged at two-stage conveying band top, positioned at described Between roller mechanism and the shear and near the roller mechanism, whole conveyer belt coordinates to put down expects that subband can be played Prevent stalk end from tilting, adjusting and improve flatness and the effect of guiding stalk, be conducive to the shearing of follow-up shear to make Industry.
Further, the shear includes cutting mechanism, and the cutting mechanism includes cutting knife, linkage, motor And guide rail, the motor realizes that power is transmitted by the linkage and the cutting knife, is cutting knife by its convert rotational motion Reciprocating motion, the guide rail limits the movement locus of the cutting knife, gathering sill is provided with the cutting knife, set on the guide rail The guiding mechanism matched with the gathering sill is equipped with, the guiding mechanism is moved along the gathering sill, using this kind of mechanism not only Larger shearing force is can guarantee that in shearing, while can quickly be returned in backhaul.
Further, the shear also includes shearing auxiliary body, and the shearing auxiliary body is located at the shearing Mechanism both sides, the shearing auxiliary body include a cam mechanism, the cam mechanism include cam, roller tappet, back-moving spring, Spring retaining sleeve plate, spring fixed disc and binder part, the spring fixed disc are fixedly sleeved in the roller tappet Upper end, the roller tappet is actively socketed on spring retaining sleeve plate, and the back-moving spring is socketed on the roller tappet simultaneously Spacing by the spring retaining sleeve plate and spring fixed disc, the spring retaining sleeve plate is connected with frame, the cam with The roller tappet contact, and with reference to the back-moving spring by the reciprocating motion that its convert rotational motion is the roller tappet, The lower end of the roller tappet is connected with the binder part, and the binder part is half moon, using the shearing auxiliary machine Structure can prevent cutting mechanism when shearing stalk is moved downward, and stalk two ends upwarp, and other on destruction conveyer belt are smooth good Stalk, meanwhile, it is capable to prevent cutting knife from taking up the straw cutting end of bonding during motion upwards.
Further, the shaped device includes extrusion piston and shaping cylinder body, and the extrusion piston is along shaping cylinder body Lower motion, the shaping side of cylinder block is provided with a charging aperture, and bottom is provided with gathering sill, and its interior activity is plugged with a blanking Plate, the opening and closing that the feeding plate completes shaping cylinder body bottom surface discharging opening by moving back and forth are acted, the charging Bottom portion is provided with buffer spring, and the device completes the full-automatic process of the pan feeding, shaping and discharging of stalk.
Further, also include60Co- γ irradiation systems, its input is connected with the output end of the three-level conveying mechanism; It is described60Co- γ irradiation systems include radiation chamber, polylith irradiation source plate are provided with the radiation chamber, equipped with described in stalk block Charging box is full of twists and turns by irradiating source plate described in polylith successively.
Further, the irradiation source plate is 4 pieces, and the radiation chamber is arranged in mode parallel, coplanar two-by-two two-by-two It is interior, the first irradiated site, the second irradiated site, the 3rd irradiated site are sequentially formed, the second irradiated site is located at two groups of coplanar irradiation source plates Centre, first irradiated site and the second irradiated site are located at the both sides of second irradiated site, and the charging box is roundabout in serpentine Complications pass sequentially through the first irradiated site, the second irradiated site, the 3rd irradiated site, by the irradiation pattern of " weak-strong-weak ", significantly carry Degree of stability after the destructiveness of the cellulosic structure of stalk high and destruction.
Further, also including the crushed stalk system and electron beam irradiation system that are sequentially connected, the crushed stalk system System input with it is described60The output end connection of Co- γ irradiation systems, the electron beam irradiation system and the crushed stalk system Output end connection;The electron beam irradiation system includes " returning " shape labyrinth channel, and the labyrinth channel includes multiple turnings, right Stalk particle is irradiated, and further improves the destructiveness of the cellulosic structure of stalk, be increased in stalk particle Reduced sugar.
Further, also including enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system, it is connected with the output end of the electron beam irradiation system;Including enzyme Solution device and installation for fermenting, are provided with the first nucleopore film device, the fermentation between the enzymolysis device and the installation for fermenting Device includes fermenting cellar and ethanol collecting chamber, and the second nucleopore membranes dress is provided between the fermenting cellar and the ethanol collecting chamber Put, the enzymolysis device includes the thick brewing room, thin brewing room and the enzyme recovery room that are from up to down sequentially connected, the thick brewing room Screen cloth is provided with and the thin brewing room between, the 3rd nucleopore membranes dress is provided between the enzyme recovery room and the thin brewing room Put, its interior enzyme liquid can be delivered to the thick brewing room by the enzyme recovery room, using this kind of system can be in hgher efficiency obtain Purity ethanol head product higher.
The invention has the advantages that:
1. the present invention will60Co- γ irradiation is combined with electron beam irradiation, can not only improve the treating capacity of raw material, may be used also To shorten process time, treatment effeciency is improved;
2. a stalk for radiation treatment is carried out using gamma-rays in the present invention, its institutional framework can be made quickly to be broken Fragility that is bad and improving stalk makes it easy to crush, and reduces the energy consumption of mechanical crushing;
3.60Co- γ radiation chambers source plates and the roundabout number of times of material irradiation process path are increased, correspondingly, spoke Raising is also obtained for according to intensity and efficiency;
4. electron beam irradiation system is more due to being confused road turning number of times, and exit close rate is relatively low, and radiation shield was both economical Again effectively;
5. enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system prepares dispersion, coupling, the parallel system of ethanol using bioconversion, relieves enzymolysis, hair The feedback inhibition of ferment process product, meanwhile, enzymolysis and fermentation are carried out under optimum condition, improve the sugared yield of enzymolysis, fermentation Alcohol getting rate;
6. the present invention takes full advantage of existing discarded stalk resource, for stalk resource increment recycle provide it is new Approach, while alleviating widespread pollution from the overuse of fertilizers and pesticides in rural area and the environmental pollution caused by burning;
7. stalk bundling is molded using formation system in the present invention, realizes quick, the regular packing of stalk;And will packing Good stalk block is fitted into charging box, and upper and lower two pieces of stalk blocks are loaded per case, layer is changed up and down after the circle of irradiation one, to subtract Few irradiation nonuniformity.
Below with reference to accompanying drawings, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
Brief description of the drawings
The accompanying drawing for constituting the part of the application is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, schematic reality of the invention Apply example and its illustrate, for explaining the present invention, not constitute inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is alcohol production integrated system schematic diagram disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is formation system schematic diagram disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the disclosed shearing auxiliary body schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is cutting mechanism schematic diagram disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is shaped device schematic diagram disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention60Co- γ irradiation system schematic diagrames;
Fig. 7 is crushed stalk system schematic disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is electron beam irradiation system schematic disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is stalk enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system schematic disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 10 is ethanol distillation system disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention, molecular screener adsorbing system schematic diagram.
Marginal data:
1st, formation system;11st, shear;111st, auxiliary body is sheared;1111st, binder part;1112nd, spring retaining sleeve Plate;1113rd, back-moving spring;1114th, spring fixed disc;1115th, roller tappet;1116th, cam;112nd, cutting mechanism;1121、 Motor;1122nd, cutting knife;1123rd, guide rail;1124th, linkage;12nd, shaped device;121st, extrusion piston;122nd, it is molded cylinder body; 1221st, feeding plate;1222nd, charging aperture;1223rd, gathering sill;13rd, charging box;14th, conveying device;140th, first-level transport mechanism; 141st, material subband is put down;142nd, three-level conveying mechanism;143rd, secondary conveyor;144th, roller mechanism;
2、60Co- γ irradiation systems;21st, radiation chamber;22nd, source plate is irradiated;231st, the first irradiated site;232nd, the second irradiated site; 233rd, the 3rd irradiated site;
3rd, crushed stalk system;31st, pulverizer;32nd, suction blower fan;33rd, cyclone separator;
4th, electron beam irradiation system;41st, electron beam irradiation room;42nd, electron beam generator;43rd, irradiation channel;
5th, enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system;51st, enzymolysis device;511st, thick brewing room;512nd, thin brewing room;513rd, enzyme recovery room; 514th, screen cloth;515th, the 3rd nucleopore film device;52nd, installation for fermenting;521st, fermenting cellar;522nd, ethanol collecting chamber;523rd, the second core Pore membrane device;53rd, the first nucleopore film device;
6th, ethanol distillation system;61st, alembic;611st, rectifying section;612nd, stripping section;62nd, steam raising plant;
7th, molecular screener adsorbing system;71st, superheater;72nd, molecular sieve;73rd, condenser;74th, finished product alcohol container.
Specific embodiment
Embodiments of the invention are described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, but the present invention can be defined by the claims Multitude of different ways with covering is implemented.
The embodiment of the invention discloses a kind of alcohol production integrated system, as shown in Figures 1 to 10.The integrated system includes Formation system 1,60Co- γ irradiation systems 2, crushed stalk system 3, electron beam irradiation system 4, enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system 5, ethanol essence Evaporate system 6 and molecular screener adsorbing system 7, the output end connection of formation system 160The input of Co- γ irradiation systems 2,60Co-γ The input of the output end connection crushed stalk system 3 of irradiation system 2, the output end connection electron beam spoke of crushed stalk system 3 The input of lighting system 4, the input of the output end connection enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system 5 of electron beam irradiation system 4, enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system The input of 5 output end connection ethanol distillation system 6, the output end connection molecule sieve adsorption system 7 of ethanol distillation system 6 Input.And automatically controlled with realizing that the system is overall preferably using automation conveyer belt connection between each system, reduce people Work is operated, and its connection precedence relationship is as shown in Figure 1.Wherein:
Formation system 1 in the present embodiment includes conveying device 14, shear 11, shaped device 12 and charging box 13; The major function of formation system 1 is automatically by stalk after shear 11 cuts into segment using conveying device 14 Shaped device 12 is conveyed into, extrusion forming is that stalk block is automatically loaded into charging box 13 after stalk block to work as in the shaped device 12 In.Conveying device 14 includes first-level transport mechanism 140, roller mechanism 144, secondary conveyor 143 and three-level conveying mechanism 142, above-mentioned conveying mechanism can use various automatic transport modes, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that first-level transport mechanism 140th, secondary conveyor 143, three-level conveying mechanism 142 are conveyer belt conveying mechanism.
Wherein, the output end of first-level transport mechanism 140 is connected with the input of roller mechanism 144, roller mechanism 144 it is defeated Go out end to be connected with the input of secondary conveyor 143, the output end of secondary conveyor 143 and the charging aperture of shaped device 12 1222 connections, shear 11 is located at the top of secondary conveyor 143, and the discharging opening of shaped device 12 is located at three-level conveyer The top of structure 142, charging box 13 is located on three-level conveying mechanism 142 and can be with its conveying by the discharging opening of shaped device 12 Lower section.Additionally, in the port of export of roller mechanism 144, being additionally provided with a flat material subband 141, flat material subband is arranged at two The top of level conveying mechanism 143, and between roller mechanism 144 and shear 11, tentatively pressed when by roller mechanism 144 When real stalk is from its output end into secondary conveyor 143, flat material subband 141 can be played and prevent stalk end Tilt, adjust and improve flatness and the effect of guiding stalk, be conducive to the shearing work of follow-up shear 11.And shear dress Putting 11 includes shearing auxiliary body 111 and cutting mechanism 112, and wherein cutting mechanism 112 is based on slider-crank mechanism motion Principle, the cutting actuating station of the mechanism can reach the maximum of cutting force in end of travel, while speed is minimum, be conducive to cutting straw Preventing cutting knife from crossing large impact during stalk causes raw material chip to splash.As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, cutting mechanism 112 include cutting knife 1122, Linkage 1124, motor 1121 and guide rail 1123, motor 1121 are connected by linkage 1124 with cutting knife 1122, are revolved Transhipment is dynamic to be converted into the pumping to complete the cut-out to stalk of cutting knife 1122, and guide rail 1123 limits the fortune of cutting knife 1122 Dynamic rail mark, is provided with gathering sill on cutting knife 1122, the guiding mechanism matched with gathering sill, guiding mechanism are provided with guide rail 1123 Moved along gathering sill.In order to prevent cutting mechanism 112 when shearing stalk is moved downward, stalk two ends upwarp, and destroy conveyer belt On other smooth good stalks, meanwhile, in order to prevent cutting knife 1122 from taking up the straw cutting of bonding during motion upwards End, the shear 11 is additionally provided with a shearing auxiliary body 111, as shown in figure 3, shearing auxiliary body 111 is arranged at and cuts Cut the both sides of mechanism 112, shearing auxiliary body 111 is mainly made up of a cam mechanism, including cam 1116, roller tappet 1115, Back-moving spring 1113, spring retaining sleeve plate 1112, spring fixed disc 1114 and binder part 1111, spring fixed disc 1114 The fixedly sleeved upper end in roller tappet 1115, roller tappet 1115 is actively socketed on spring retaining sleeve plate 1112, reset bullet Spring 1113 is socketed on roller tappet 1115 and spacing by spring retaining sleeve plate 1112 and spring fixed disc 1114, and spring is solid Determine cage plate 1112 to be connected with frame, the lower end of roller tappet 1115 is connected with binder part 1111, cam 1116 and roller tappet 1115 remain contact, and it is the reciprocating motion of roller tappet 1115 to combine back-moving spring 1113 by its convert rotational motion, In the present embodiment, binder part 1111 is half moon shape of the opening towards conveyer belt, and the shape and structure is more beneficial for compressing Stalk.Further, the shaped device 12 of the present embodiment includes extrusion piston 121 and shaping cylinder body 122, and its Main Function is by quilt The straw extrusion of cut-out moves up and down into predetermined shape, extrusion piston 121 along shaping cylinder body 122, wherein, in the present embodiment, The up and down motion of extrusion piston 121 is driven using hydraulic means, and it can produce larger extruding force, be more beneficial for and stalk Deformation is blocking.Shaping cylinder body 122 side is provided with a charging aperture 1222, the straw that the conveyer belt of secondary conveyor 143 will cut off Stalk is sent into from the charging aperture 1222, and shaping cylinder body 122 top and bottom opening, bottom is provided with gathering sill 1223, its interior activity grafting There is a feeding plate 1221, feeding plate 1221 realizes that it moves back and forth completion shaping cylinder body 122 by connecting a pinion and rack The opening and closing action of bottom surface, the stalk of shaping can fall into charging box 13, when falling into charging box 13 to buffer stalk block Impulsive force, the bottom of charging box 13 is provided with buffer spring.
The course of work of formation system 1 is:Stalk is positioned in first-level transport mechanism 140 first, through its transmission To roller mechanism 144, by after the compacting of roller mechanism 144, into secondary conveyor 143, and by flat material subband By the lower section of shear 11 after 141 adjustment, now, the shearing auxiliary body 111 at the two ends of cutting mechanism 112 first transports downwards Dynamic, after its binder part 1111 presses fixed stalk, cutting knife 1122 moves downward cut-out stalk, will straw cutting be default Length, then cutting knife 1122 retract and travel upward and out stalk, shearing auxiliary body 111 moves then up.Two-stage conveying From the charging aperture 1222 of shaped device 12 be input into stalk after cut-out by mechanism 143, treats that it detects preset weight or volume Extrusion piston 121 moves downward straw extrusion is blocking afterwards, and the static several seconds fastens stalk forming, prevents or reduces elasticity and return Become.Now, charging box 13 according to predetermined program just past and rest on shaping the bottom opening of cylinder body 122 lower end, now, Pinion and rack pulls out feeding plate 1221, opens the shaping bottom opening of cylinder body 122, and the stalk block after shaping is to fall into charging box In 13, and conveyer belt with three-level conveying mechanism 142 is delivered to60The porch of Co- γ irradiation systems.
In the present embodiment60Co- γ irradiation systems 2 include radiation chamber 21, irradiation source plate 22, the generally cement of radiation chamber 21 Pour, prevent emittance from leaking, wherein radiation chamber is the full of twists and turns design of labyrinth type, prevents into and out in charging box 13 When, leak emittance from inside radiation chamber 21, and polylith irradiation source plate 22 is arranged on the inside of radiation chamber 21, in order to fully irradiate The stalk of charging box 13, in the present embodiment, the quantity for irradiating source plate 22 is 4 pieces, is set in mode parallel, coplanar two-by-two two-by-two In radiation chamber 21, so as to form the first irradiated site 231, the second irradiated site 232, the 3rd irradiated site 233, the second irradiated site 232 In the middle of two groups of irradiation source plates 22, charging box 13 is full of twists and turns by the first irradiated site 231, the second irradiated site in serpentine 232nd, the 3rd irradiated site 233, during by the first irradiated site 231, due to positioned at irradiation source plate 22 edge part, irradiation intensity compared with Small, stalk internal structure starts preliminary destruction, and then enters the second irradiated site 232, due to irradiating the center of source plate 22 positioned at two rows, Irradiation intensity is big, and stalk internal structure starts acutely destruction, and when by three irradiated sites 233, the structure of destruction is maintained, Bounce-back is inhibited, by the irradiation pattern of " weak-strong-weak ", the destructiveness and degree of stability of stalk is significantly improved, and adopted Use serpentine route, each charging box 13 can reciprocal more than 10 times by irradiation source plate 22 so that pretreatment more fill Point.
The crushed stalk system 3 of the present embodiment includes the pulverizer 31, suction blower fan 32 and the cyclone separator that are sequentially connected 33, stalk block after irradiated treatment carries out crushing through delivering into pulverizer 31 and forms stalk powder, by the straw after crushing Stalk powder include dust and stalk particle, wherein stalk particle be only next step operation required for raw material, be this stalk powder Needs are separated, and in the present embodiment, a suction blower fan 32 are accessed in the discharging opening of pulverizer 31, are aspirated by it and produced Negative pressure, cyclone separator 33 is delivered to by stalk powder, and the isolated stalk particle of cyclone separator 33 is simultaneously delivered to electron beam Irradiation system 4.
The electron beam irradiation system 4 of the present embodiment includes electron beam irradiation room 41 and electron beam generator 42, electron beam spoke Poured by cement according to room 41 is overall, labyrinth type irradiation channel 43 is provided with it, be automatically fed into stalk particle simultaneously by automatic conveying belt Send out, the scan box that stalk particle passes sequentially through electron beam generator 42 receives further radiation treatment.Wherein, in test It was found that, in the irradiation channel 43 of stalk particle, often increase a turning, that is, increase primary scattering, the dose of radiation in exit Rate will decline more than a magnitude.Therefore, irradiation channel 43 is designed as the labyrinth channel at many turnings, such radiation chamber cloth Office does not increase extra cost substantially, while staff and public's personal safety are ensure that, in the present embodiment, irradiation Passage 43 is designed as " returning " shape labyrinth channel, and the labyrinth channel includes 6 turnings, by behind 6 turnings, the radiation in exit Close rate can reach safety standard.
Enter in the enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system 5 of next process by the stalk particle for irradiating.Current nucleopore membrane technology due to The filter opening aperture of nucleopore membranes is homogeneous, and filter membrane is in itself thin dielectric film, is essence in the absence of filter membrane in itself to the pollution of filtrate Close filtering and the ideal tools of sieve particle, especially have excellent in removing SS, fat, macro-molecular protein Effect.Therefore, in the present embodiment, enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system 5 includes the enzymolysis device 51 and installation for fermenting 52 of connection, enzymolysis device The first nucleopore film device 53 is provided between 51 and installation for fermenting 52, its pore size only allows solvable by what is produced after enzymolysis Property sugar passes through, while entering one weakens increase of the soluble sugar due to concentration to the inhibitory action of enzyme.Installation for fermenting 52 includes Fermenting cellar 521 and ethanol collecting chamber 522, ethanol collecting chamber 522 are connected with ethanol distillation system 6, and fermenting cellar 521 and ethanol are collected The second nucleopore film device 523 is provided between room 522, its pore size only allows the ethanol point produced after yeast cells and fermentation Son can pass through, while also weakening in fermenting cellar 521 because concentration of alcohol increases to the inhibitory action of yeast cells.Enzymolysis dress Putting 51 includes the thick brewing room 511, thin brewing room 512 and the enzyme recovery room 513 that are from up to down sequentially connected, the He of thick brewing room 511 Screen cloth 514 is provided between thin brewing room 512, the screen cloth 514 will need the stalk particle and undissolvable impurity of dissolving The thin brewing room 512 in main generation place with enzymolysis is isolated, and the first nucleopore membranes dress is blocked in order to further digesting and preventing 53 are put, the 3rd nucleopore film device 515 is provided between enzyme recovery room 513 and thin brewing room 512, the 3rd nucleopore film device 515 Nucleopore membranes pore size only allows the enzyme in thin brewing room 512 to pass through, further by the enzyme solutions blowback in enzyme recovery room 513 extremely Thick brewing room 511, realizes recycling for enzyme.
Because the ethanol solution concentration of alcohol in the ethanol collecting chamber 522 of enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system 5 is relatively low, while also containing it Its composition, it is necessary to further purification, the ethanol distillation system 6 in the present embodiment is pumped into for this, it includes the He of alembic 61 The rectifying section 611 on steam raising plant 62, the ethanol head product of the conveying of the reception ethanol of alembic 61 collecting chamber 522, including top With the stripping section 612 of bottom, ethanol head product between rectifying section 611 and stripping section 612 enter alembic 61 inside, steam hair The delivery end of generating apparatus 62 is connected with the side wall of alembic, and its recovery end is connected with the bottom of alembic 61, steam raising plant The 62 ethanol head product ebuillition of heated that will be flowed back to from the bottom of alembic 61 produce high temperature alcohol vapour to be re-fed into alembic and realize steaming Evaporate.The top of alembic 61 is connected with molecular screener adsorbing system 7.
Absolute ethyl alcohol is obtained for the hydrone further removed in ethanol, in the output of above-mentioned ethanol distillation system 6 Molecular screener adsorbing system 7 in one the present embodiment of end connection, it is included the superheater 71 being sequentially connected by pipeline and valve, divided Son sieve 72, condenser 73 and finished product alcohol container 74, molecular sieve 72 include molecular sieve-4 A tower and molecular sieve B towers, the using and the reserved.Overheat Device 71 connects alembic 61, and high temperature alcohol vapour is heated into by molecule in superheater 71 from the alcohol vapour out of alembic 61 Sieve, during the hydrone in alcohol vapour is by molecular sieve filling layer, because the micropore of molecular sieve has very strong parent to hydrone And power, just by Water Molecular Adsorption in micropore, the later alcohol vapour of absorption obtains concentration and is after condensation, cooling The absolute ethyl alcohol of more than 99.5%Vol.In adsorption process, molecular sieve-4 A tower is adsorbed during close to saturation, automatically switches to molecular sieve The charging absorption of B towers, now molecular sieve-4 A tower is transferred to desorption process, so that whole integrated system can be with continual work.
The course of work of whole alcohol production integrated system is as follows:First, formation system 1 is by material extruding into predetermined shape Stalk block, the stalk block of output exists60Irradiation pretreatment, warp are completed in Co- γ irradiation systems 260Co- γ irradiation systems 2 are irradiated And the stalk block for exporting is ground into stalk particle in crushed stalk system 3, the stalk particle of the output of crushed stalk system 3 is in electricity Second radiation treatment is completed in beamlet irradiation system 4, by the stalk particle of the radiation treatment of electron beam irradiation system 4 in enzymolysis Enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation generation ethanol head product in fermentation system 5, the ethanol head product of the output of enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system 5 is in ethanol distillation system Ethanol-water vapour is generated in 6, finally by the second that molecular screener adsorbing system 7, the ethanol distillation system 6 that it will pass through are exported Moisture absorption in alcohol-steam, exports final product absolute ethyl alcohol.
Radiation chamber of the present invention60Co- γ source plates number, the more existing platform of the roundabout number of times of material irradiation process path have increased Plus, improve the intensity and efficiency of radiation treatment;Electron beam irradiation Shi Mi roads turning of the present invention is more, and often increases and once turn Angle, is increased by once electron beam backscattering, and close rate level is significantly reduced at final outlet, and the design is substantially without extra increase Cost, therefore be a kind of model of economical and effective radiation shield;Enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system of the present invention uses bioconversion system Dispersion, coupling, the parallel system of standby ethanol, relieve enzymolysis, the feedback inhibition of fermentation process product, meanwhile, digest and ferment Carried out under optimum condition, improve the sugared yield of enzymolysis, fermenting alcohol yield.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are these are only, is not intended to limit the invention, for those skilled in the art For member, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.All any modifications within the spirit and principles in the present invention, made, Equivalent, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of formation system of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw, it is characterised in that the formation system includes conveying device, shearing Device, shaped device and charging box;The conveying device include first-level transport mechanism, roller mechanism, secondary conveyor and Three-level conveying mechanism, the output end of the first-level transport mechanism is connected with the input of the roller mechanism, the roller mechanism Output end be connected with the input of the secondary conveyor, the output end of the secondary conveyor and the shaped device Charging aperture connection, the shear is located at the top of the secondary conveyor, and the discharging opening of the shaped device is located at The top of the three-level conveying mechanism, the charging box is located on the three-level transmission mechanism and can pass through described with its conveying The lower section of the discharging opening of shaped device.
2. the formation system of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the primary conveyor Structure, secondary conveyor, three-level conveying mechanism are conveyer belt conveying mechanism, and the conveying device also includes a flat material auxiliary Band, the flat material subband is arranged at two-stage conveying band top, between the roller mechanism and the shear and leans on The nearly roller mechanism.
3. the formation system of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the shear bag Cutting mechanism is included, the cutting mechanism includes cutting knife, linkage, motor and guide rail, and the motor passes through the linkage Realize that power is transmitted with the cutting knife, be the reciprocating motion of cutting knife by its convert rotational motion, the guide rail limits the cutting knife Movement locus, gathering sill is provided with the cutting knife, the guiding mechanism matched with the gathering sill is provided with the guide rail, The guiding mechanism is moved along the gathering sill.
4. the formation system of the utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw stated according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the shear is also wrapped Shearing auxiliary body is included, the shearing auxiliary body is located at the cutting mechanism both sides, and the shearing auxiliary body includes that one is convex Wheel mechanism, the cam mechanism includes cam, roller tappet, back-moving spring, spring retaining sleeve plate, spring fixed disc and binder portion Part, the fixedly sleeved upper end in the roller tappet of spring fixed disc, the roller tappet is actively socketed on spring and consolidates Determine on cage plate, the back-moving spring is socketed on the roller tappet and by the spring retaining sleeve plate and spring fixed disc Spacing, the spring retaining sleeve plate is connected with frame, and the cam is contacted with the roller tappet, and combines the back-moving spring The reciprocating motion that its convert rotational motion is the roller tappet, the lower end of the roller tappet are connected with the binder portion Part, the binder part is half moon.
5. according to the formation system of any described utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the shaping Device includes extrusion piston and shaping cylinder body, and the extrusion piston moves up and down along shaping cylinder body, and the shaping side of cylinder block sets A charging aperture is equipped with, bottom is provided with gathering sill, its interior activity is plugged with a feeding plate, and the feeding plate is by having moved back and forth Into the opening and closing action of shaping cylinder body bottom surface discharging opening, the charging box bottom is provided with buffer spring.
6. a kind of shaping, the irradiation system of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw, including any described utilization straw of the claims 1-5 Stalk produces the formation system of ethanol, it is characterised in that also include60Co- γ irradiation systems, its input and the three-level conveyer The output end connection of structure;It is described60Co- γ irradiation systems include radiation chamber, and polylith irradiation source plate, dress are provided with the radiation chamber There is the charging box of stalk block full of twists and turns by irradiating source plate described in polylith successively.
7. shaping, the irradiation system of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the irradiation Source plate is 4 pieces, is arranged in the radiation chamber in mode parallel, coplanar two-by-two two-by-two, sequentially forms the first irradiated site, second Irradiated site, the 3rd irradiated site, the second irradiated site are located in the middle of two groups of coplanar irradiation source plates, first irradiated site and the second spoke The both sides of second irradiated site are located at according to area, the charging box passes sequentially through the first irradiated site, second in serpentine is full of twists and turns Irradiated site, the 3rd irradiated site.
8. shaping, the irradiation system of the utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw according to claim 6 or 7, it is characterised in that also include The crushed stalk system and electron beam irradiation system being sequentially connected, the crushed stalk system input with it is described60Co- γ are irradiated The output end connection of system, the electron beam irradiation system is connected with the output end of the crushed stalk system;The electron beam Irradiation system includes " returning " shape labyrinth channel, and the labyrinth channel includes multiple turnings.
9. a kind of shaping of utilization Ethanol Production Process with Straw, irradiation and enzymolysis processing system, including the profit described in the claims 8 With the shaping of Ethanol Production Process with Straw, irradiation system, it is characterised in that also including enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation system, itself and the electron beam spoke The output end connection of lighting system;Including enzymolysis device and installation for fermenting, set between the enzymolysis device and the installation for fermenting There is the first nucleopore film device, the installation for fermenting includes fermenting cellar and ethanol collecting chamber, and the fermenting cellar and the ethanol are collected The second nucleopore film device is provided between room, the enzymolysis device includes the thick brewing room, the thin saccharification that are from up to down sequentially connected Room and enzyme recovery room, are provided with screen cloth, the enzyme recovery room and the thin sugar between the thick brewing room and the thin brewing room Change is provided with the 3rd nucleopore film device between room, and its interior enzyme liquid can be delivered to the thick brewing room by the enzyme recovery room.
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