CN106745785A - A kind of water plant patch plants Water Ecological Recovery method - Google Patents

A kind of water plant patch plants Water Ecological Recovery method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106745785A
CN106745785A CN201710068168.XA CN201710068168A CN106745785A CN 106745785 A CN106745785 A CN 106745785A CN 201710068168 A CN201710068168 A CN 201710068168A CN 106745785 A CN106745785 A CN 106745785A
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China
Prior art keywords
patch
plant
water
ecological recovery
plants
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Pending
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CN201710068168.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张红星
郑伊汝
吴翼飞
陈昊
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Grand Union (shanghai) Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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Grand Union (shanghai) Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710068168.XA priority Critical patent/CN106745785A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of water plant patch plantation Water Ecological Recovery method, chooses 4~10 kinds of water plants as Water Ecological Recovery plant;The square area that the length of side is 0.8~1.2m is chosen, in 60~120 plants of one kind in the region with the mode of cuttage in Sediments plant Water Ecological Recovery plant, as patch one;Another square area of the same area is chosen at the distance away from the patch side twice length of side, the same or different Water Ecological Recovery plant, as patch two are planted in the region;So circulation, obtains the array being uniformly distributed by some patches, forms a patch group;Continue to plant according to the method described above and finished up to Water Ecological Recovery plant is all planted, form several Water Ecological Recovery Plant patch groups;Close to distribution between all Water Ecological Recovery Plant patch groups.The present invention can improve plant survival rate, lift remediation efficiency, significantly reduce comprehensive repair cost, and operation is simple.

Description

A kind of water plant patch plants Water Ecological Recovery method
Technical field
The invention belongs to Water Ecological Recovery and plant Optimization Planting configuring technical field, and in particular to a kind of water plant spot Block plants Water Ecological Recovery method.
Background technology
Recent years, with the quickening developed rapidly with urbanization process of industrial and agricultural production, the work entered in water body, lake body Industry waste water and sanitary sewage amount are continuously increased, and vegetation large area disappears in lake water, and Water Eutrophication degree is increasingly sharpened, promoted Algae breeds rapidly, and some of which algae can give out fishy smell foreign odor, when algae is dead decomposes rotten, COD, BOD value in water Surge, water quality deterioration, water transparency is greatly reduced.
China's aquatic ecosystem is impaired serious, the 26S Proteasome Structure and Function in river, lake and wetlands ecosystems more than 60% Destroyed by different degrees of.With the theoretical constantly improve of Water Ecological Recovery and deeply, the development of recent years Water Ecological Recovery technology Comparatively fast.Water Ecological Recovery is by a series of measures, the aquatic ecosystem degenerated or damaged is recovered, is repaired, and is reached substantially To previous level or more than previous level, and its permanent stabilization is kept, the original two packing spaces of water body are recovered the purpose is to repair Property, continuity, give full play to the productive potentialities of resource, at the same play protection water environment purpose, its Main Function be by protect Shield, plantation, cultivation, suitable growing plants, animal and the microorganism in water of breeding, improve biology community structure and diversity, Increase the self-purification capacity of water body, eliminate or mitigate water pollution.
Wherein, the technology for carrying out Water Ecological Recovery using water plant is that polluter is entered using aquatic vascular plant Row absorbs, conversion, the synergy of enrichment and microorganism and change the comprehensive function of local water body flow characteristics and make a return journey water removal The technology of pollutant in body, has the advantages that low cost, energy consumption be low, easy care.But because aquatic plants growth easily receives season Influence, its contaminant removal efficiency equally easily receives seasonal effect, further, since the complicated growth suppression of the presence of water plant inter-species Use, physical action, the naturally withered renewal in itself of allelopathy and plant are made, it is not high to often result in plant survival rate, water Matter treatment effect is unstable, repairs speed slowly, the relatively low phenomenon of remediation efficiency.Current existing Water Ecological Recovery generally require by Longer period of time can just tend towards stability and play its best use of, can tentatively play a role within universal 3~5 years, and 10~20 years Optimal effect can be played.
The content of the invention
For the technical bottleneck that existing Water Ecological Recovery technology is present, the invention provides a kind of plantation of water plant patch Water Ecological Recovery method, is widely used in Water Ecological Recovery, can improve plant survival rate, greatly promotes remediation efficiency, Comprehensive repair cost is significantly reduced, operation is simple.
To realize above technical purpose, the technical scheme is that:
A kind of water plant patch plants Water Ecological Recovery method, according to local vegetation concrete condition, water surface area and water Body situation chooses 4~10 kinds of water plants as Water Ecological Recovery plant;The square area that the length of side is 0.8~1.2m is chosen, It is a kind of 60~120 plants in Sediments plant the Water Ecological Recovery plant in the mode in the region with cuttage, as Patch one;Another square area of the same area is chosen at the distance away from the patch side twice length of side, in the area The same or different Water Ecological Recovery plant, as patch two are planted in domain;So circulation, obtains equal by some patches The array of even distribution, forms a Water Ecological Recovery Plant patch group;Continue to plant until described according to the method described above Water Ecological Recovery plant is all planted and finishes, and forms several Water Ecological Recovery Plant patch groups;All Water Ecological Recovery plants Close to distribution between patch group.
Preferably, a Water Ecological Recovery Plant patch group is uniformly distributed by the patch of same water plant Form, can also be uniformly distributed by the patch of water plant not of the same race.
Preferably, the Water Ecological Recovery Plant patch group is square array or rectangular array.
Preferably, the Water Ecological Recovery plant includes Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum, close tooth eel grass, thorn eel grass and hydrilla verticillata four Plant submerged plant.
It is highly preferred that the patch length of side of the Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum is 1m, the plantation number of each patch is 60 Spacing 2m between strain, patch.
It is highly preferred that the patch length of side of the thorn eel grass is 0.8m, the plantation number of each patch is 80 plants, Spacing 1.6m between patch.
It is highly preferred that the patch length of side of the hydrilla verticillata is 1.2m, the plantation number of each patch is 100 Spacing 2.4m between strain, patch.
It is highly preferred that the patch length of side of the close tooth eel grass is 1.2m, the plantation number of each patch is 90 Spacing 2.4m between strain, patch.
Advantage of the invention is that:
1st, the present invention optimizes planting composition using unique " patch plantation " method to selected Water Ecological Recovery plant, ties Special planting conditions and plantation parameter are closed, special Water Ecological Recovery plant " patch group " is formed, for Water Ecological Recovery is provided A kind of implantation methods for improving remediation efficiency, population foundation, stabilization and the dynamic that different plants can be completed in a short time is flat Weighing apparatus, reaches preferable Water Ecological Recovery effect.
2nd, by special " patch plantation " method, vacate in optimal kind and inter-species region, now reached between different water plants To the maximization of Water Ecological Recovery cooperative effect, plant survival rate is significantly improved.
3rd, by special " patch plantation " method, rationally ingenious collocation, is easy to each stage water between water plant kind and kind The advantage exploiting species at the water plant of matter progressively natural deduction restoration of the ecosystem initial stage, makes that water plant is orderly to be replaced.
4th, the inventive method operation rule, simple and easy to apply, can reduce mixed and disorderly plantation and save planting cost, economic worth Height, with good popularizing application prospect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum Patch distribution array schematic diagram (part) in the present embodiment.
Fig. 2 is each Water Ecological Recovery Plant patch community distribution schematic diagram of the present embodiment.
Reference:A、B、C:Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum patch group (400m2);D:Thorn eel grass patch group (800m2);E:Thorn Eel grass patch group (400m2);F:Thorn eel grass patch group (400m2);G:Hydrilla verticillata patch group (400m2);H:Wheel blade is black Algae patch group (300m2);I, close tooth eel grass patch group (3000m2);J:Drainpipe;K:Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum patch.
Specific embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1~Fig. 2, a specific embodiment of the invention is described in detail, but will not to right of the invention Ask and do any restriction.
Embodiment one
The present invention swings man-made lake and is applied in Shanghai Shi Hu.The length of the man-made lake and a width of:100m × 65m, water level 0.8 ~1.2m, gross area 6500m2, lakebed is the soft bottom of nature, and water body is muddy, and transparency is low, and spring and summer water body blue-green alge is often quick-fried Hair, body eutrophication is more serious.
Specific embodiment is as follows:
(1) water body in the man-made lake is drained;
(2) according to local concrete condition, the water surface area and water body situation, choosing four kinds of submerged plants is used for man-made lake Water Ecological Recovery, respectively Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum, close tooth eel grass, thorn eel grass and hydrilla verticillata.With the mode of cuttage respectively by four Plant is planted to be planted in gyttja by the method for " patch plantation ";
(3) each Water Ecological Recovery Plant patch group is specifically distributed and plantation parameter is as follows:
A. the square patch length of side 1m of each Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum, each patch plants spacing 2m between 60 plants of plant, patch, In lake, the Sediments difference cultivated area in wherein three corners of body is 400m2Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum patch group A, B, C, plant Plant covering gross area 1200m2
B. each pierces the square patch length of side 0.8m of eel grass, and each patch plants spacing 1.6m between 80 plants of plant, patch, The remaining corner difference cultivated area 800m of two sides long of body and lake body in lake2、400m2And 400m2Thorn eel grass spot Block group D, E, F, close to Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum patch group A, B, C, plantation covering gross area 1600m2
C. the square patch length of side 1.2m of each hydrilla verticillata, each patch plants spacing between 100 plants of plant, patch 2.4m, in lake, two short sides of body plant 400m respectively2And 300m2Hydrilla verticillata patch group G, H, close to Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum Patch group A, B, C and thorn eel grass patch group F, plantation covering gross area 700m2
D. the square patch length of side 1.2m of each close tooth eel grass, each patch plants spacing between 90 plants of plant, patch 2.4m, the middle section plantation 3000m of body in lake2Close tooth eel grass patch group I, close to Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum patch group A, B, C, thorn eel grass patch group D, E, F, and hydrilla verticillata patch group G, H.
The plantation of above-mentioned four kinds of submerged plants introduces outer river course river, makes waterline extremely in completion in five days, backward lake body 50~60cm.River water body is muddy, and in brown-black, water quality is poor.
After plantation is completed 20 days, Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum is grown fine, and the sampling of close tooth eel grass has been taken root rudiment, pierces eel grass and wheel blade Black algae has grown, and water transparency is 20cm or so.
After plantation is completed 50 days, Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum has grown to the water surface, and close tooth eel grass, thorn eel grass have generated new plant, Preferably, hydrilla verticillata also grows preferably growing way, and water transparency has reached so clear that you can see the bottom.
Plantation complete 75 days after, four kinds of submerged plant populations are basicly stable, Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum and hydrilla verticillata patch group Each patch interval for falling is invisible, and each patch interval of close tooth eel grass and thorn eel grass patch group has been contracted to former distance 1/6, especially, close tooth eel grass can form the landscape effect of " submerged forest ", and the biomass in unit area of every kind of plant is fringe Flower watermifoil 18kg/m2, thorn eel grass 12kg/m2, hydrilla verticillata 10kg/m2, close tooth eel grass 12kg/m2, water transparency is limpid to be seen Bottom.
Put into practice from above-mentioned plantation:Water Ecological Recovery efficiency is remarkably improved using " patch plantation " method of the invention, Population foundation, stabilization and the dynamic equilibrium of different qualities submerged plant can be completed in short term, orderly natural deduction is carried out, and operated It is simple and easy to apply.
It is understood that above with respect to specific descriptions of the invention, being merely to illustrate the present invention and being not limited to this Technical scheme described by inventive embodiments.It will be understood by those within the art that, still the present invention can be carried out Modification or equivalent, to reach identical technique effect;As long as satisfaction use needs, all protection scope of the present invention it It is interior.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of water plant patch plants Water Ecological Recovery method, it is characterised in that:According to local vegetation concrete condition, waters Area and water body situation choose 4~10 kinds of water plants as Water Ecological Recovery plant;Choose the pros that the length of side is 0.8~1.2m Shape region, in the one kind 60~120 in the region with the mode of cuttage in Sediments plant the Water Ecological Recovery plant Strain, as patch one;Another square area of the same area is chosen at the distance away from the patch side twice length of side, The same or different Water Ecological Recovery plant, as patch two are planted in the region;So circulation, obtains by some The array that patch is uniformly distributed, forms a Water Ecological Recovery Plant patch group;Continue to plant straight according to the method described above All planted to the Water Ecological Recovery plant and finished, form several Water Ecological Recovery Plant patch groups;All Ecologies are repaiied Close to distribution between multiple Plant patch group.
2. water plant patch according to claim 1 plants Water Ecological Recovery method, it is characterised in that:One water Restoration of the ecosystem Plant patch group is uniformly distributed by the patch of same water plant.
3. water plant patch according to claim 1 plants Water Ecological Recovery method, it is characterised in that:The Ecology Rehabilitation plant patch group is square array or rectangular array.
4. water plant patch according to claim 1 plants Water Ecological Recovery method, it is characterised in that:The Ecology Rehabilitation plant includes Haloragidaceae Myriophyllum spicatum, close tooth eel grass, thorn eel grass and hydrilla verticillata.
5. water plant patch according to claim 3 plants Water Ecological Recovery method, it is characterised in that:The Honoka fox The patch length of side of tail algae is 1m, and the plantation number of each patch is 60 plants, spacing 2m between patch.
6. water plant patch according to claim 3 plants Water Ecological Recovery method, it is characterised in that:The thorn eel grass The patch length of side be 0.8m, the plantation number of each patch is 80 plants, spacing 1.6m between patch.
7. water plant patch according to claim 3 plants Water Ecological Recovery method, it is characterised in that:The wheel blade is black The patch length of side of algae is 1.2m, and the plantation number of each patch is 100 plants, spacing 2.4m between patch.
8. water plant patch according to claim 3 plants Water Ecological Recovery method, it is characterised in that:The close tooth is bitter The patch length of side of grass is 1.2m, and the plantation number of each patch is 90 plants, spacing 2.4m between patch.
CN201710068168.XA 2017-02-06 2017-02-06 A kind of water plant patch plants Water Ecological Recovery method Pending CN106745785A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108738852A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-11-06 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 A method of maintain lake ecosystem Submerged plant communities to stablize
CN111528081A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-08-14 深圳职业技术学院 Method for constructing quasi-perfect community of large seaweed

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1860854A (en) * 2006-04-06 2006-11-15 南京大学 Method for quickly growing groups of water plants in lake
CN102356722A (en) * 2011-08-10 2012-02-22 中国科学院测量与地球物理研究所 Method for improving diversity of plants in lakeside zone
CN102498910A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-06-20 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Preparation method of submerged vegetation patch
CN105776557A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-07-20 江苏江达生态科技有限公司 Reconstruction method of submerged plant communities in shallow lakes
CN105830711A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-10 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Ecological method for controlling excessive proliferation of periphytic filamentous algae through submerged plant patch mosaic pattern
CN106045053A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-10-26 无锡市太湖湖泊治理有限责任公司 Method for water purification and submerged vegetation restoration of water level controllable eutrophic water

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1860854A (en) * 2006-04-06 2006-11-15 南京大学 Method for quickly growing groups of water plants in lake
CN102356722A (en) * 2011-08-10 2012-02-22 中国科学院测量与地球物理研究所 Method for improving diversity of plants in lakeside zone
CN102498910A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-06-20 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Preparation method of submerged vegetation patch
CN105830711A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-10 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Ecological method for controlling excessive proliferation of periphytic filamentous algae through submerged plant patch mosaic pattern
CN105776557A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-07-20 江苏江达生态科技有限公司 Reconstruction method of submerged plant communities in shallow lakes
CN106045053A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-10-26 无锡市太湖湖泊治理有限责任公司 Method for water purification and submerged vegetation restoration of water level controllable eutrophic water

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108738852A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-11-06 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 A method of maintain lake ecosystem Submerged plant communities to stablize
CN111528081A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-08-14 深圳职业技术学院 Method for constructing quasi-perfect community of large seaweed

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