CN106743023A - A kind of multidirectional pair of drive shuttle - Google Patents

A kind of multidirectional pair of drive shuttle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106743023A
CN106743023A CN201710034936.XA CN201710034936A CN106743023A CN 106743023 A CN106743023 A CN 106743023A CN 201710034936 A CN201710034936 A CN 201710034936A CN 106743023 A CN106743023 A CN 106743023A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
drive
main
plate
car
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710034936.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王磊
韩二占
成燕燕
徐腾飞
姚传彪
徐晓媛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Taiyuan Ottle Logistics Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Taiyuan Ottle Logistics Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Taiyuan Ottle Logistics Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Taiyuan Ottle Logistics Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710034936.XA priority Critical patent/CN106743023A/en
Publication of CN106743023A publication Critical patent/CN106743023A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/0492Storage devices mechanical with cars adapted to travel in storage aisles

Abstract

A kind of multidirectional pair of drive shuttle, it is therefore an objective to which frictional resistance is small, turns to convenient, flexible;The present invention includes main drive system, secondary drive system, driven pulley, car body and buffer;Main drive system includes main motor, support, electromagnetic brake, shaft coupling, preceding driving wheel, installing plate and rolling bearing units;The output shaft of main motor is connected by shaft coupling with the axle of preceding driving wheel;Electromagnetic brake is arranged on the output shaft of main motor;Preceding driving wheel includes wheel and wheel shaft, wheel side plate and top board, guide rail gear wheel and pin;Wheel side plate lower end is horizontally installed with guide rail gear wheel, and guide rail gear wheel is perpendicular with the position of wheel;Secondary driving system structure is identical with main drive system, and the simply reverse clutch of the central coaxial of rear main wheel wheel is equipped with a unilateral bearing;Main drive system, in the rear and front end of car body the same side, two driven pulleys is provided with the position corresponding with wheel in forward and backward driving wheel of the rear and front end of car body other side with secondary drive system distributing installation.

Description

A kind of multidirectional pair of drive shuttle
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of warehouse logisticses shuttle run on track is carried, more particularly to transported in complex environment Capable shuttle.
Background technology
Shuttle used is divided into linear reciprocal vehicle and circulatory motion shuttle in current Storage and circulation equipment, linearly Reciprocal vehicle moves along a straight line, and without possessing turning function, has the disadvantage that working line is relatively simple, and automaticity is not high. Circulatory motion shuttle runs on ellipse two-orbit, and driving wheel is installed on and deflecting is realized on the guide rail of outer ring, but such change To with unicity, it is assumed that once direction changes, driving wheel will be changed into inner ring guide rail from outer ring guide rail, so as to cause power not Foot, it is impossible to drive shuttle normally to run, if single driving is promoted into many drivings, can produce the linear velocity between each roller Difference.So current shuttle cannot adapt to the working environment of complexity.
The content of the invention
The present invention seeks to overcome the shortcomings of above-mentioned prior art, there is provided a kind of power foot, frictional resistance are small, steering is convenient Flexibly, it is suitable for multidirectional pair of drive shuttle of complex work environment.
The present invention includes main drive system, secondary drive system, driven pulley, car body and buffer.Main drive system includes master Motor, support, electromagnetic brake, shaft coupling, preceding driving wheel, installing plate and rolling bearing units;Support is by the weld all around of steel plate four sides Square structure, support one end bolt is fixed with main motor housing, and support other end bolt is fastened on preceding driving wheel.Main electricity Machine is fixed by support, and the output shaft of main motor is connected by shaft coupling with the axle of preceding driving wheel, and such motor directly exports dynamic To preceding driving wheel, when current driving wheel is turned to, main motor is also and then synchronous to be turned to power.Electromagnetic brake is arranged on the defeated of main motor On shaft, preceding driving wheel is constrained by the braking to axle and is rotated, and then control the advance of dolly.Installing plate is one piece of center band The flat board of mounting hole, installing plate is horizontally mounted at the top of preceding driving wheel, and installing plate is used for fixed whole main driving with car body welding System.Preceding driving wheel includes wheel and wheel shaft, wheel side plate and top board, guide rail gear wheel and pin;Wheel is plain cast iron wheel, wheel Side plate is two pieces of flat boards for being located at wheel both sides, and wheel side plate is welded into "Ji" type with top board, and wheel is located at "Ji" type structure Center, wheel shaft two ends by bearing be arranged on wheel side plate on;Wheel side plate lower end is horizontally installed with guide rail gear wheel, guide rail gear Wheel is perpendicular with the position of wheel;Guide rail gear wheel runs on two sides of guide rail, and wheel body runs on the upper surface of guide rail, So operation is more stablized.Lever has a multiple, and lever is welded in parallel on the wheel side plate of wheel both sides with wheel shaft, lever and wheel Certain gap is kept between outer rim, for protecting wheel.Rolling bearing units are bolted the center for being fixed on installing plate, by It is rotatable in rolling bearing units, preceding driving wheel and rolling bearing units is fixed, just can realizes main drive system around band bearing certainly By rotating.Secondary drive system includes auxiliary-motor, support, shaft coupling, rear main wheel, installing plate and rolling bearing units.Secondary drive system Structure is identical with main drive system, and difference is that the center of the wheel of rear main wheel is provided with a circular mounting groove, circular The coaxial reversely clutch of mounting groove is equipped with a unilateral bearing, and the outer ring of unilateral bearing is embedded on wheel in mounting groove, one-way shaft Inner ring is held to be fixed with wheel shaft;During forward travel, wheel shaft is rotated and drives unilateral bearing and wheeling thereof, when reverse, at unilateral bearing In clutch state, wheel body is not rotated.For solving the problems, such as that main drive system pair drive system has linear differential.Main drivetrain System and secondary drive system distributing installation in the rear and front end of car body the same side, the rear and front end of car body other side with it is forward and backward Two driven pulleys are installed in driving wheel on the corresponding position of wheel.Car body is formed by square tubes soldering, two before and after car body End is equipped with buffer, and buffer is arranged on the front or dead astern of driving wheel and driven pulley, it is ensured that the peace of shuttle operation Quan Xing.
General, four guide rail gear wheels are matched somebody with somebody on a driving wheel, the common water at four angles of the side wheel side plate lower end of wheel two Safety is equipped with four guide rail gear wheels;Lever is also four, each two before and after wheel, particular location depending on top board size, lever Distance with wheel surface is 1-2 centimeters, and lever blocks the front and back end of wheel, has both reduced the danger that wheel is skidded off, and is hindered again Infringement of the outside debris to wheel is stopped.Mounted in top board top, thrust bearing is load bearing component to the welding of thrust bearing lower surface, is pushed away The upper surface of power bearing can directly bear load, while external load is born, and can be normal around center axle steer;
When multidirectional pair of drive shuttle of the invention enters curved track by straight rail, it may appear that preceding driving wheel comes into curved rail, leads afterwards The situation that driving wheel runs also in straight rail, at this moment the theoretical linear velocity of two driving wheels is different, and the rotating speed of motor output is Identical, so two driving wheels occur sliding friction caused by linear differential during operation;The list installed in rear main wheel Car is normally provided power in direction of advance to bearing, do not influence shuttle to advance, and be reversely in clutch state;Turning When, the linear velocity of preceding driving wheel is significantly greater than rear main wheel, so relative to preceding driving wheel, rear main wheel is to backward going , so make the latter within a period of time in clutch state, so as to turning that the linear differential between before and after solving brings To problem.Two sets of driven pulleys run on same guide rail, unpowered interference between driven pulley and driving wheel, so driven pulley was both Can be run in inner track, can also be run on outer side track, linear differential is not produced around, it is capable of free rotation.
Shuttle of the present invention can run in complicated storage environment, and increased multi-line and multi-direction conveying track can Row, considerably increases the diversity of layout and the utilization rate of warehouse space, and fork truck is entered tunnel, saves work Time, improve production efficiency;Without transport limitation, you can the different mode of movement of configuration, including chain conveying, tubular type Conveying, belt conveying etc., and with simple structure, the advantages of easy to operate;Overcome common shuttle to be short of power, rub Resistance is larger, it is impossible to a series of technical barriers such as steering, improves utilization rate of warehouse and operating efficiency;Become common shuttle A high efficiency, high flexibility, the intelligent shuttle of height automation, is the once breakthrough of shuttle high performance.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is main driving system structure schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is rear main wheel structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is general structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is bottom surface structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
In figure:1. wheel, 2. wheel shaft, 3. takes turns side plate, 4. central shaft, 5. guide rail gear wheel, 6. unilateral bearing, 7. rolling bearing units, 8. Thrust bearing, 9. pin, 10. buffer, 11. main motors, 12 auxiliary-motors, 13. supports, 14. shaft couplings, 15. car bodies, before 16. Driving wheel, 17. rear main wheels, 18. installing plates, 19. driven pulleys, 20. electromagnetic brakes.
Specific embodiment
Main drive system includes main motor 11, support 13, electromagnetic brake 20, shaft coupling 14, preceding driving wheel 16, installing plate 18 and rolling bearing units 7;Support 13 is that, by the square structure of steel plate four sides weld all around, the one end of support 13 is fixed with the housing of main motor 11, The other end of support 13 is fastened on preceding driving wheel 16;Main motor 11 is fixed by support 13, and the output shaft of main motor 11 is by connection Axle device 14 is connected with the axle of preceding driving wheel 16;Electromagnetic brake 20 is arranged on the output shaft of main motor 11;Installing plate 18 is one The flat board of block center band mounting hole, installing plate 18 is horizontally mounted at the top of preceding driving wheel 16, and installing plate 18 is solid with the welding of car body 15 It is fixed;Preceding driving wheel 16 includes wheel 1 and wheel shaft 2, wheel side plate 3 and top board, guide rail gear wheel 5 and pin 9;Wheel side plate 3 is to be located at car Two pieces of flat boards on 1 both sides are taken turns, wheel side plate 3 is welded into "Ji" type with top board, and wheel 1 is located at the centre bit of "Ji" type structure Put, the two ends of wheel shaft 2 are arranged on wheel side plate 3 by bearing;Wheel side plate 3 lower end is horizontally installed with guide rail gear wheel 5, guide rail gear wheel 5 Position with wheel 1 is perpendicular;Lever 9 is welded in parallel on the wheel side plate 3 of the both sides of wheel 1 with wheel shaft 2, outside lever 9 and wheel 1 Certain gap is kept between edge;Mounted in top board top, central shaft 4 is the center of thrust bearing 8 to the welding of the lower surface of thrust bearing 8 Axle, thrust bearing 8 is load bearing component, and the upper surface of thrust bearing 8 can directly bear load, while external load is born, Again can be normal around center axle steer;Rolling bearing units 7 are mounted in the center of installing plate 18;Secondary drive system includes auxiliary-motor 12nd, support 13, shaft coupling 14, rear main wheel 17, installing plate 18 and rolling bearing units 7;Secondary driving system structure and main drive system Identical, difference is that the center of wheel 1 is provided with a circular mounting groove, and the coaxial reversely clutch of circular mounting groove is equipped with one Unilateral bearing 6, the outer ring of unilateral bearing 6 is embedded on wheel 1 in mounting groove, and the inner ring of unilateral bearing 6 is fixed with wheel shaft 2;Main drive Dynamic system and secondary drive system distributing installation in the rear and front end of the same side of car body 15, the rear and front end of car body other side with Two driven pulleys 19 are installed in forward and backward driving wheel on the corresponding position of wheel;Car body 15 is formed by square tubes soldering, in car body 15 rear and front end is equipped with buffer 10.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of multidirectional pair of drive shuttle, it is characterized in that including main drive system, pair drive system, driven pulley, car body and buffering Device;Main drive system includes main motor, support, electromagnetic brake, shaft coupling, preceding driving wheel, installing plate and rolling bearing units;Support It is that, by the square structure of steel plate four sides weld all around, support one end is fixed with main motor housing, and the support other end is fastened on preceding driving wheel On;Main motor is fixed by support, and the output shaft of main motor is connected by shaft coupling with the axle of preceding driving wheel;Electromagnetic brake is pacified On the output shaft of main motor;Installing plate is one piece of flat board of center band mounting hole, and installing plate is horizontally mounted at preceding driving wheel Top, installing plate is welded and fixed with car body;Preceding driving wheel includes wheel and wheel shaft, wheel side plate and top board, guide rail gear wheel and pin; Wheel side plate is two pieces of flat boards for being located at wheel both sides, and wheel side plate is welded into "Ji" type with top board, and wheel is located at "Ji" type knot The center of structure, wheel shaft two ends are arranged on wheel side plate by bearing;Wheel side plate lower end is horizontally installed with guide rail gear wheel, guide rail Gear wheel is perpendicular with the position of wheel;Lever and wheel shaft are welded in parallel on the wheel side plate of wheel both sides, lever and felly Between keep certain gap;Rolling bearing units are mounted in the center of installing plate;Secondary drive system include auxiliary-motor, support, shaft coupling, Rear main wheel, installing plate and rolling bearing units;Secondary driving system structure is identical with main drive system, and difference is rear main wheel wheel Center be provided with a circular mounting groove, the coaxial reversely clutch of circular mounting groove is equipped with a unilateral bearing, unilateral bearing Outer ring be embedded on wheel in mounting groove, unilateral bearing inner ring is fixed with wheel shaft;Main drive system and secondary drive system distribution It is corresponding with wheel in forward and backward driving wheel in the rear and front end of car body other side installed in the rear and front end of car body the same side Position on two driven pulleys are installed;Car body is formed by square tubes soldering, and buffer is equipped with the rear and front end of car body.
2. multidirectional pair of drive shuttle as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that match somebody with somebody four guide rail gear wheels on a driving wheel, in car Four guide rail gear wheels are horizontally installed with altogether at four angles for taking turns two side wheel side plate lower ends.
3. multidirectional pair of drive shuttle as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that lever is four, each two, shelves before and after wheel Bar is 1-2 centimeters with the distance of wheel surface.
4. multidirectional pair of drive shuttle as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that buffer is arranged on driving wheel and driven pulley Front or dead astern.
5. multidirectional pair of drive shuttle as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that thrust bearing is load bearing component, thrust bearing Lower surface welding is mounted in top board top.
CN201710034936.XA 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 A kind of multidirectional pair of drive shuttle Pending CN106743023A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710034936.XA CN106743023A (en) 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 A kind of multidirectional pair of drive shuttle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710034936.XA CN106743023A (en) 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 A kind of multidirectional pair of drive shuttle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106743023A true CN106743023A (en) 2017-05-31

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ID=58947223

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710034936.XA Pending CN106743023A (en) 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 A kind of multidirectional pair of drive shuttle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106743023A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109835678A (en) * 2017-11-28 2019-06-04 沈阳新松机器人自动化股份有限公司 A kind of annular sorting shuttle

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109835678A (en) * 2017-11-28 2019-06-04 沈阳新松机器人自动化股份有限公司 A kind of annular sorting shuttle

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