CN106740393A - A kind of small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device - Google Patents

A kind of small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106740393A
CN106740393A CN201611149573.6A CN201611149573A CN106740393A CN 106740393 A CN106740393 A CN 106740393A CN 201611149573 A CN201611149573 A CN 201611149573A CN 106740393 A CN106740393 A CN 106740393A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bar
hinged
contamination
ship
seat
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Granted
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CN201611149573.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106740393B (en
Inventor
赖宗元
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Priority to CN201611149573.6A priority Critical patent/CN106740393B/en
Publication of CN106740393A publication Critical patent/CN106740393A/en
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Publication of CN106740393B publication Critical patent/CN106740393B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P3/00Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects
    • B60P3/06Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects for carrying vehicles
    • B60P3/10Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects for carrying vehicles for carrying boats
    • B60P3/1033Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects for carrying vehicles for carrying boats on a loading frame, e.g. the vehicle being a trailer
    • B60P3/1066Arrangement of supports, rollers or winches on the vehicle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D63/00Motor vehicles or trailers not otherwise provided for
    • B62D63/06Trailers

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, belong to ship equipment technical field.It solves the problems, such as that existing contamination removing ship is difficult in land transport.This small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, including underframe, underframe includes two vertical poles and two cross bars, the two ends of cross bar are hinged with vertical supporting bar, transverse support bar is hinged with vertical supporting bar two ends, the two ends of transverse support bar are hinged with support wheel, the front end of underframe is fixed with montant, adjusting rod is slidably connected on montant, position-limited wheel is hinged with adjusting rod, connecting seat is also fixed with adjusting rod, retracting wheel is rotatably connected on connecting seat, fixing band is wound with retracting wheel, the sidepiece for furling wheel is fixed with travelling gear, drive gear is also hinged with connecting seat, the drive gear is meshed with travelling gear, connecting seat is provided with keeper.This small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device can be applied to the transfer of different structure contamination removing ship, strong applicability.

Description

A kind of small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device
Technical field
The invention belongs to ship equipment technical field, it is related to a kind of small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device.
Background technology
As countries in the world are to the growing of oil demand so that petroleum-type Products Trade rises successively, causes oil The amount of the rapid growth of transport service, particularly Shipping oil is maximum, accounts for more than the 60% of petroleum transportation amount.And offshore oil The development of transport, also makes the oil pollution of ocean cause the attention of the public, oil as global pollutant, just with significantly Amount more than other pollutants enters ocean.On the one hand the development of oil transportation at sea promotes economic development, on the other hand The risk of ship spill pollution hidden trouble is increased, the disposal of water craft oil spilling is a global problem, ship spill opposite State environment and socio-economic development are produced and had a strong impact on, and cause the concern of people, are occurred from early stage offshore oil pollution, many states Family has begun to the design research and development of contamination removing ship, and emergency center is set in coastal main port, is difficult in land yet with contamination removing ship The quick nimble transport in ground, causes to control and remove the emergency capability reduction of oil spilling.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is directed to existing technology and there is above mentioned problem, it is proposed that a kind of small-sized contamination removing ship transfer dress Put, this small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device can be applied to the transfer of different structure contamination removing ship, strong applicability.
The purpose of the present invention can be realized by following technical proposal:A kind of small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, including underframe, Characterized in that, the underframe includes two vertical poles and two cross bars, the parallel setting of two vertical poles is hinged with rolling on two vertical poles Wheel, two cross bars are located between two vertical poles, and the two ends of two cross bars are fixedly connected with two vertical poles respectively, and the two ends of the cross bar are hinged There is vertical supporting bar, the vertical supporting bar is perpendicular with cross bar, and transverse support bar is hinged with the two ends of vertical supporting bar, Two transverse support bars are perpendicular with vertical supporting bar, and two transverse support bars are respectively positioned at the both sides of cross bar, the cross-brace The support wheel that the two ends of bar are hinged with for supporting and are resisted against on contamination removing ship bottom surface, and two support wheels are located at longitudinal direction respectively The both sides of support bar, being additionally provided with the transverse support bar can adjust in same transverse support bar distance between two support wheels Regulating part, the front end of the underframe is fixed with montant, slidably connects adjusting rod along its length on the montant, the adjusting rod Free end towards the rear of underframe, position-limited wheel is hinged with the adjusting rod, the montant is provided with can adjust position-limited wheel The adjusting screw rod of height, is also fixed with connecting seat on the adjusting rod, retracting wheel, the retracting are rotatably connected on the connecting seat Being wound with wheel can be connected to the fixing band of contamination removing ship front end, and the sidepiece of the retracting wheel is fixed with travelling gear, the company Drive gear is also hinged with joint chair, the drive gear is meshed with travelling gear, rocking handle, institute are fixed with the drive gear Connecting seat is stated to be provided with drive gear when fixing band is tensioned and the front end of contamination removing ship bottom surface is resisted against on position-limited wheel Securing keeper.
The front end of underframe is hooked in the rear end of vehicle, by vehicle tethered sliding, load it is small-sized remove contamination ship time by contamination removing ship by The rear end forward end of underframe is promoted, and support wheel can be resisted against on the bottom surface of contamination removing ship, wherein according to contamination removing ship bottom surface longitudinal direction Bending shape is inclined, the swing that vertical supporting bar can be adapted is inclined, according to the horizontal inclination bending shape in contamination removing ship bottom surface, The swing that transverse support bar can be adapted is inclined, and then according to the local shape of contamination removing ship bottom surface, two is adjusted by regulating part The distance between support wheel so that support wheel can be contacted against effectively with contamination removing ship bottom surface, so as to contamination removing ship stabilization Support, and pass through the regulation of the distance between vertical supporting bar, transverse support bar and support wheel so that transfer device can be applicable In the contamination removing ship of different bottom shapes, strong applicability, further, when contamination removing ship is pushed to the correct position of underframe, according to The height of contamination removing ship, by adjusting screw rod adjust adjusting rod height, that is, adjust position-limited wheel height so that position-limited wheel with remove contamination The front end correct position in hull bottom face is relative, then the free end of fixing band is connected to the front end of contamination removing ship bottom surface, by rocking handle Drive gear is rotated, drive gear band nutating gear rotates, and then cause retracting wheel retracting fixing band, until fixing band It is tight and pull contamination removing ship so that the front end bottom surface of contamination removing ship is resisted against on position-limited wheel, is then consolidated drive gear by keeper Fixed firmly to furl wheel and be fixed, now contamination removing ship is fixed on underframe, simple to operate so as to realize the fixation of contamination removing ship, And can be suitable for the contamination removing ship of different height, strong applicability.
In above-mentioned small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, the two ends of cross bar described in two are inclined upwardly, at the two ends of cross bar It is additionally provided with longitudinally-hinged seat and two longitudinally fixed bars, the longitudinally-hinged seat takes the shape of the letter U tabular, the vertical supporting bar downside Middle part has longitudinally connected portion, and the longitudinally connected portion is hinged between the biside plate of longitudinally-hinged seat, longitudinally fixed described in two Bar is taken the shape of the letter U, and the two longitudinally fixed rod set is located on cross bar, and the two ends of longitudinally fixed bar are upward through the base plate of longitudinally-hinged seat, And it is bolted with fixing nut one in the end stretched out.Because contamination removing ship bottom surface both sides are inclined plane, therefore the two ends of cross bar are upward Incline so that what support wheel can be symmetrical is supported on contamination removing ship bottom surface both sides, wherein longitudinally-hinged seat is embraced by longitudinally fixed bar Fastening, therefore unclamp fixing nut can adjust the position of longitudinally-hinged seat for the moment, i.e., can be adjusted according to beam of removing contamination The position of support wheel is saved, so that contamination removing ship is stable being supported on support wheel.
In above-mentioned small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, the two ends of the vertical supporting bar are additionally provided with and are laterally hinged with seat and two Horizontal fix bar, the seat that is laterally hinged with takes the shape of the letter U tabular, and the middle part of the transverse support bar downside has lateral connection portion, The lateral connection portion is hinged between the biside plate for being laterally hinged with seat, and horizontal fix bar takes the shape of the letter U described in two, and two transverse direction is fixed Rod set is located on vertical supporting bar, and the two ends of horizontal fix bar are upward through the base plate for being laterally hinged with seat, and in the end stretched out It is bolted with fixing nut two.Similarly, it is laterally hinged with seat and passes through horizontal fix bar holding fixation, therefore energy when unclamping fixing nut two Enough regulations are laterally hinged with the position of seat, i.e., the position of support wheel can be adjusted according to the length of contamination removing ship and bottom shape, from And cause that contamination removing ship is stable and be supported on support wheel.
In above-mentioned small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, the regulating part includes being screwed onto two tune at transverse support bar two ends Section nut, two stop nuts are bolted with the middle part of the transverse support bar, be also arranged with transverse support bar tensioning spring and Axle sleeve, the tensioning spring and axle sleeve are located between stop nut and adjusting nut, and the adjusting nut is pressed on the one of axle sleeve End, one end of tensioning spring is pressed on the other end of axle sleeve in the presence of adjusting nut, and the other end of tensioning spring is pressed on On stop nut, bearing is arranged with the axle sleeve, above-mentioned support wheel is set on bearing.Tensioning spring compresses support wheel, and Rotating adjusting nut when needing to adjust support wheel position so that support wheel moves to compress or discharge tensioning spring, and adjusts Rear support wheel is in tensioning state all the time in place.
In above-mentioned small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, the middle part of the cross bar is also fixed with two fairleads vertically, described Sliding plug has vertical support bar in fairlead, and the lower end of fairlead is stretched out in the lower end of vertical support bar described in two, and stretch out End is fixedly connected with, and the upper end of fairlead is stretched out in the upper end of vertical support bar described in two, and the end stretched out is hinged with U-shaped connection Bar, is hinged with roller bearing between the two ends of the connecting rod, be also arranged with support spring on the vertical support bar, the support spring Lower end compress on fairlead, upper end is pressed on vertical support bar.Roller bearing is pressed on clearly all the time in the presence of support spring On the bottom surface of dirty ship, support force is provided to contamination removing ship, so as to share the load power that support wheel is subject to so that the stand under load on underframe is more Uniformly, balance, contamination removing ship is also more stablized.
In above-mentioned small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, in a tubular form, above-mentioned adjusting screw rod is located in montant the montant, And adjusting screw rod is rotated with montant and is connected, montant is stretched out in the upper end of the adjusting screw rod, and the end stretched out is fixed with handle, institute State and offer bar-shaped trough on montant side along its length, the end of the adjusting rod is fixed with two sliding sleeves, sliding sleeve described in two is slided Dynamic to be set on montant, the end of the adjusting rod has connecting portion between two sliding sleeves, and the connecting portion passes through bar-shaped trough, and Swivel nut is fixed with connecting portion, the swivel nut is screwed onto on adjusting screw rod.Rotated by stick control adjusting screw rod, adjust spiral shell Bar drives adjusting rod to move by swivel nut, also has auto-lock function after moving into place, and two sliding sleeves cause that adjusting rod keeps steady It is fixed.
In above-mentioned small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, the rear end of the adjusting rod is fixed with two parallel gag lever posts, Two gag lever post tilts backwards setting, and the upper end of the gag lever post is fixed with link, and above-mentioned position-limited wheel is hinged on link, Cross section stopper slot triangular in shape is circumferentially offered on the position-limited wheel wheel face.Gag lever post causes that position-limited wheel stretches out backward, clearly The corner angle in dirty hull bottom face are resisted against in the stopper slot of position-limited wheel so that spacing fixation of the position-limited wheel to contamination removing ship is more stablized.
In above-mentioned small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, the rear end of the adjusting rod is also hinged with directive wheel, the directive wheel Positioned at the lower section of position-limited wheel, the free end of the fixing band through position-limited wheel and directive wheel, and in the free end of fixing band It is fixed with coupler body.Due to adjusting rod height according to position-limited wheel need against position determine, and in the front end of contamination removing ship bottom surface With clasp, the clasp position of different contamination removing ships difference, therefore by the coupler body of fixing band after adjusting rod position adjustments are good Be hooked on the clasp of contamination removing ship, if fixing band can be resisted against on directive wheel when now clasp position is relatively low, it is to avoid fixing band with Adjusting rod produces hard friction.
In above-mentioned small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, the keeper includes fixed plate, and the connecting seat takes the shape of the letter U, Rotating shaft is rotatably connected between the opposite sides plate of connecting seat, above-mentioned retracting wheel and travelling gear are connected in rotating shaft, described Drive gear and fixed plate are hinged on the medial surface of connecting seat, and fixed plate and travelling gear are respectively positioned at drive gear Both sides, the edge of the fixed plate has the Access Division of protrusion, and the connecting seat is provided with can be pressed in fixed plate and make Access Division is pressed on the pressure strip in the teeth gap on drive gear top.Access Division is stuck in sliding tooth in the presence of pressure strip In the teeth gap of wheel, drive gear reverse rotation is prevented from, and then cause retracting wheel fixation, certain Access Division and sliding tooth The similar click principle of the structural principle for being formed is taken turns, is made it possible between Access Division ejection teeth when drive gear is rotated forward Gap.
In above-mentioned small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, chute, the compression are offered on the medial surface of the connecting seat Plate is slidably connected in chute in strip, and pressure strip, and the upper end of the pressure strip is bent to form in hook portion, the chute also Holddown spring is fixed with, the upper end of the holddown spring is connected in the lower end of pressure strip, the pressure strip in the presence of holddown spring Hook portion is hooked in the upper edge of fixed plate.Holddown spring can be such that pressure strip is pressed in fixed plate, so that drive gear is determined Position is lived and cannot be reversely rotated, but drive gear being capable of pushing tow Access Division when rotating forward so that fixed plate overcomes compression bullet The effect of spring and swing.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has advantages below:
1st, because the swing that vertical supporting bar and transverse support bar can be adapted is inclined, two are adjusted by regulating part and is supported The distance between wheel so that support wheel can be contacted against effectively with contamination removing ship bottom surface, so as to the support to contamination removing ship stabilization, Therefore transfer device can be applied to the contamination removing ship of different bottom shapes, strong applicability.
2nd, due to the height according to contamination removing ship, the height of adjusting rod is adjusted by adjusting screw rod, that is, adjusts the height of position-limited wheel Degree so that position-limited wheel is relative with the front end correct position of contamination removing ship bottom surface, and contamination removing ship then is fixed on into underframe by fixing band On, therefore, it is possible to be applied to the contamination removing ship of different height, strong applicability.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of this small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device.
Fig. 2 is the structure rearview of this small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device.
Fig. 3 is the structure sectional view of this small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device.
Fig. 4 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at B in Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at C in Fig. 2.
Fig. 7 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at D in Fig. 1.
Fig. 8 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at E in Fig. 1.
Fig. 9 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at F in Fig. 3.
Figure 10 is the schematic enlarged-scale view at G in Fig. 3.
In figure, 1, underframe;11st, vertical pole;12nd, cross bar;121st, fairlead;13rd, roller;2nd, vertical supporting bar;21st, longitudinal direction hinge Joint chair;22nd, longitudinally fixed bar;23rd, longitudinally connected portion;24th, fixing nut one;3rd, transverse support bar;31st, it is laterally hinged with seat;32、 Horizontal fix bar;33rd, lateral connection portion;34th, fixing nut two;35th, axle sleeve;36th, bearing;37th, support wheel;4th, support vertically Bar;41st, connecting rod;42nd, roller bearing;43rd, support spring;5th, regulating part;51st, adjusting nut;52nd, stop nut;53rd, it is tensioned bullet Spring;6th, montant;61st, bar-shaped trough;62nd, adjusting screw rod;63rd, handle;7th, adjusting rod;71st, sliding sleeve;72nd, connecting portion;73rd, swivel nut; 74th, gag lever post;75th, link;76th, position-limited wheel;77th, stopper slot;78th, directive wheel;8th, connecting seat;81st, retracting wheel;811st, turn Axle;82nd, fixing band;821st, coupler body;83rd, travelling gear;84th, drive gear;85th, rocking handle;86th, chute;9th, keeper;91st, it is solid Fixed board;911st, Access Division;92nd, pressure strip;921st, hook portion;93rd, holddown spring.
Specific embodiment
The following is specific embodiment of the invention and with reference to accompanying drawing, technical scheme is further described, But the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, a kind of small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, including underframe 1, underframe 1 includes two vertical poles 11 With two cross bars 12, the parallel setting of two vertical pole 11 is hinged with roller 13 on two vertical poles 11, and two cross bars 12 are located at two vertical poles 11 Between, and the two ends of two cross bars 12 are fixedly connected with two vertical poles 11 respectively, the two ends of cross bar 12 are hinged with vertical supporting bar 2, indulge It is perpendicular with cross bar 12 to support bar 2, it is hinged with transverse support bar 3, two transverse support bars 3 at the two ends of vertical supporting bar 2 It is perpendicular with vertical supporting bar 2, and two transverse support bars 3, respectively positioned at the both sides of cross bar 12, the two ends of transverse support bar 3 are cut with scissors The support wheel 37 on contamination removing ship bottom surface is connected to for supporting and is resisted against, and two support wheels 37 are located at vertical supporting bar 2 respectively Both sides, being additionally provided with transverse support bar 3 can adjust the regulating part of distance between two support wheels 37 in same transverse support bar 3 5, the front end of underframe 1 is fixed with montant 6, slidably connects adjusting rod 7 on montant 6 along its length, the free end of the adjusting rod 7 Towards the rear of underframe 1, position-limited wheel 76 is hinged with adjusting rod 7, montant 6 is provided with the regulation that can adjust the height of position-limited wheel 76 Screw rod 62, is also fixed with connecting seat 8 on adjusting rod 7, retracting wheel 81 is rotatably connected on connecting seat 8, is wound on the retracting wheel 81 The sidepiece for having the fixing band 82 that can be connected to contamination removing ship front end, retracting wheel 81 is fixed with travelling gear 83, is also cut with scissors on connecting seat 8 Drive gear 84 is connected to, the drive gear 84 is meshed with travelling gear 83, and rocking handle 85, connecting seat are fixed with drive gear 84 8 are provided with and consolidate drive gear 84 when fixing band 82 is tensioned and the front end of contamination removing ship bottom surface is resisted against on position-limited wheel 76 Fixed keeper 9 firmly.
Specifically, the front end of underframe 1 is hooked in the rear end of vehicle, by vehicle tethered sliding, loads small-sized ship time of removing contamination Contamination removing ship is promoted by the rear end forward end of underframe 1, support wheel 37 can be resisted against on the bottom surface of contamination removing ship, wherein basis is removed contamination The inclination bending shape of hull bottom face longitudinal direction, the swing that vertical supporting bar 2 can be adapted is inclined, horizontal according to contamination removing ship bottom surface Bending shape is inclined, the swing that transverse support bar 3 can be adapted is inclined, then according to the local shape of contamination removing ship bottom surface, led to Overregulate part 5 and adjust the distance between two support wheels 37 so that support wheel 37 can be contacted against effectively with contamination removing ship bottom surface, So as to the support to contamination removing ship stabilization, and pass through the distance between vertical supporting bar 2, transverse support bar 3 and support wheel 37 tune Section so that transfer device can be applied to the contamination removing ship of different bottom shapes, strong applicability further, is promoted in contamination removing ship To underframe 1 correct position when, according to the height of contamination removing ship, the height of adjusting rod 7 is adjusted by adjusting screw rod 62, i.e. regulation limit The height of position wheel 76 so that position-limited wheel 76 is relative with the front end correct position of contamination removing ship bottom surface, then by the freedom of fixing band 82 End is connected to the front end of contamination removing ship bottom surface, and drive gear 84 is rotated by rocking handle 85, and drive gear 84 is with nutating gear 83 Rotation, and then cause that retracting wheel 81 furls fixing band 82, until fixing band 82 is tensioned and pulls contamination removing ship so that before contamination removing ship End bottom surface is resisted against on position-limited wheel 76, is then fixed drive gear 84 by keeper 9, i.e., retracting wheel 81 is fixed, Now contamination removing ship is fixed on underframe 1, simple to operate so as to realize the fixation of contamination removing ship, and can be applied to different height Contamination removing ship, strong applicability.
With reference to shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, the two ends of two cross bars 12 are inclined upwardly, and are additionally provided with the two ends of cross bar 12 The longitudinally fixed bar 22 of longitudinally-hinged seat 21 and two, longitudinally-hinged seat 21 takes the shape of the letter U tabular, the middle part tool of the downside of vertical supporting bar 2 There is longitudinally connected portion 23, longitudinally connected portion 23 is hinged between the biside plate of longitudinally-hinged seat 21, two longitudinally fixed bars 22 are in U Shape, the two longitudinally fixed bar 22 is set on cross bar 12, and the two ends of longitudinally fixed bar 22 are upward through the bottom of longitudinally-hinged seat 21 Plate, and fixing nut 1 is bolted with the end stretched out, because contamination removing ship bottom surface both sides are inclined plane, therefore cross bar 12 two End is inclined upwardly so that what support wheel 37 can be symmetrical is supported on contamination removing ship bottom surface both sides, wherein longitudinally-hinged seat 21 is by vertical The position of longitudinally-hinged seat 21 can be adjusted when being held tightly to fix bar 22 and fixed, therefore unclamping fixing nut 1, i.e., being capable of root According to the position of the width adjusting support wheel 37 of contamination removing ship, so that contamination removing ship is stable being supported on support wheel 37.
Specifically, the two ends of vertical supporting bar 2 are additionally provided with and are laterally hinged with the horizontal fix bar 32 of seat 31 and two, are laterally hinged with Seat 31 takes the shape of the letter U tabular, and the middle part of the downside of transverse support bar 3 has lateral connection portion 33, and lateral connection portion 33 is hinged on transverse direction Between the biside plate of hinged seat 31, two horizontal fix bars 32 are taken the shape of the letter U, and the two horizontal fix bar 32 is set on vertical supporting bar 2, The two ends of horizontal fix bar 32 are upward through the base plate for being laterally hinged with seat 31, and are bolted with fixing nut two in the end stretched out 34, similarly, it is laterally hinged with seat 31 and passes through the horizontal holding of fix bar 32 fixation, therefore horizontal stroke can be adjusted when unclamping fixing nut 2 34 To the position of hinged seat 31, i.e., the position of support wheel 37 can be adjusted according to the length of contamination removing ship and bottom shape, so that Obtain being supported on support wheel 37 for contamination removing ship stabilization.
Specifically, regulating part 5 includes being screwed onto two adjusting nuts 51 at the two ends of transverse support bar 3, transverse support bar 3 Middle part is bolted with two stop nuts 52, and tensioning spring 53 and axle sleeve 35, the He of tensioning spring 53 are also arranged with transverse support bar 3 Axle sleeve 35 is located between stop nut 52 and adjusting nut 51, and adjusting nut 51 is pressed on one end of axle sleeve 35, in adjusting nut One end of tensioning spring 53 is pressed on the other end of axle sleeve 35 in the presence of 51, and the other end of tensioning spring 53 is pressed on spacing spiral shell On female 52, bearing 36 is arranged with axle sleeve 35, support wheel 37 is set on bearing 36, tensioning spring 53 compresses support wheel 37, and Rotating adjusting nut 51 when needing to adjust 37 position of support wheel so that support wheel 37 moves to compress or discharge tensioning spring 53, and adjust rear support wheel 37 in place and be in tensioning state all the time.
Specifically, the middle part of cross bar 12 is also fixed with two fairleads 121 vertically, and sliding plug has perpendicular in fairlead 121 The lower end of fairlead 121 is stretched out in support bars 4, the lower end of two vertical support bars 4, and the end stretched out is fixedly connected with, and two prop up vertically The upper end of fairlead 121 is stretched out in the upper end of strut 4, and the end stretched out is hinged with U-shaped connecting rod 41, the two ends of connecting rod 41 it Between be hinged with roller bearing 42, support spring 43 is also arranged with vertical support bar 4, the lower end of the support spring 43 compresses fairlead On 121, upper end is pressed on vertical support bar 4, and roller bearing 42 is pressed on the bottom of contamination removing ship all the time in the presence of support spring 43 On face, support force is provided to contamination removing ship, so as to share the load power that support wheel 37 is subject to so that stand under load on underframe 1 is more uniform, Balance, contamination removing ship is also more stablized.
With reference to shown in Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10, in a tubular form, adjusting screw rod 62 is located in montant 6 montant 6, and adjusting screw rod 62 Rotated with montant 6 and be connected, montant 6 is stretched out in the upper end of adjusting screw rod 62, and the end stretched out is fixed with handle 63, the side of montant 6 On offer bar-shaped trough 61 along its length, the end of adjusting rod 7 is fixed with two sliding sleeves 71, and two sliding sleeves 71 are slidably located in montant On 6, the end of adjusting rod 7 has connecting portion 72 between two sliding sleeves 71, and connecting portion 72 passes through bar-shaped trough 61, and in connecting portion 72 On be fixed with swivel nut 73, swivel nut 73 is screwed onto on adjusting screw rod 62, by handle 63 manipulate adjusting screw rod 62 rotate, adjusting screw rod 62 drive adjusting rod 7 to move by swivel nut 73, also have auto-lock function after moving into place, and two sliding sleeves 71 cause adjusting rod 7 Keep stabilization.
Specifically, the rear end of adjusting rod 7 is fixed with two parallel gag lever posts 74, and two gag lever post 74 is tilted backwards and set Put, the upper end of gag lever post 74 is fixed with link 75, and position-limited wheel 76 is hinged on link 75, is circumferentially opened on the wheel face of position-limited wheel 76 Cross section stopper slot 77 triangular in shape is provided with, gag lever post 74 causes that position-limited wheel 76 stretches out backward, and the corner angle of contamination removing ship bottom surface are supported Lean against in the stopper slot 77 of position-limited wheel 76 so that spacing fixation of the position-limited wheel 76 to contamination removing ship is more stablized.
Specifically, the rear end of adjusting rod 7 is also hinged with directive wheel 78, and the directive wheel 78 is located at the lower section of position-limited wheel 76, The free end of fixing band 82 is fixed with coupler body 821 through position-limited wheel 76 and directive wheel 78 in the free end of fixing band 82, Due to adjusting rod 7 height according to position-limited wheel 76 need against position determine and there is clasp in the front end of contamination removing ship bottom surface, The clasp position of different contamination removing ships difference, therefore be hooked in the coupler body 821 of fixing band 82 after the position adjustments of adjusting rod 7 are good On the clasp of contamination removing ship, if fixing band 82 can be resisted against on directive wheel 78 when now clasp position is relatively low, it is to avoid fixing band 82 Hard friction is produced with adjusting rod 7.
Specifically, keeper 9 includes fixed plate 91, and connecting seat 8 takes the shape of the letter U, and turns between the opposite sides plate of connecting seat 8 Dynamic to be connected with rotating shaft 811, retracting wheel 81 and travelling gear 83 are connected in rotating shaft 811, and drive gear 84 and fixed plate 91 are equal It is hinged on the medial surface of connecting seat 8 and fixed plate 91 and travelling gear 83 is respectively positioned at the both sides of drive gear 84, fixed plate 91 edge has the Access Division 911 of protrusion, and connecting seat 8 is provided with can be pressed in fixed plate 91, and press Access Division 911 The tight pressure strip 92 in the teeth gap on the top of drive gear 84, Access Division 911 is stuck in driving in the presence of pressure strip 92 In the teeth gap of gear 84, it is prevented from drive gear 84 and reversely rotates, and then causes that retracting wheel 81 is fixed, certain Access Division The 911 similar click principles of structural principle formed with drive gear 84, when drive gear 84 rotate forward make it possible to by The ejection teeth gap of Access Division 911.
Specifically, chute 86 is offered on the medial surface of connecting seat 8, the pressure strip 92 is in strip, and pressure strip 92 are slidably connected in chute 86, and the upper end of pressure strip 92 is bent to form in hook portion 921, chute 86 and is also fixed with holddown spring 93, the upper end of the holddown spring 93 is connected in the lower end of pressure strip 92, the hook portion of pressure strip 92 in the presence of holddown spring 93 921 upper edges for being hooked in fixed plate 91, holddown spring 93 can be such that pressure strip 92 is pressed in fixed plate 91, so that sliding tooth Wheel 84 is positioned and cannot reversely rotate, but drive gear 84 being capable of pushing tow Access Division 911 when rotating forward so that fixed Plate 91 overcomes the effect of holddown spring 93 and swings.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the spiritual explanation for example of the present invention.Technology neck belonging to of the invention The technical staff in domain can be made various modifications or supplement to described specific embodiment or be replaced using similar mode Generation, but without departing from spirit of the invention or surmount scope defined in appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device, including underframe (1), it is characterised in that the underframe (1) includes two vertical poles (11) With two cross bars (12), two vertical poles (11) parallel setting is hinged with roller (13), two cross bars (12) position on two vertical poles (11) Between two vertical poles (11), and the two ends of two cross bars (12) are fixedly connected with two vertical poles (11) respectively, the two ends of the cross bar (12) Vertical supporting bar (2) is hinged with, the vertical supporting bar (2) is perpendicular with cross bar (12), at the two ends of vertical supporting bar (2) Transverse support bar (3) is hinged with, two transverse support bars (3) are perpendicular with vertical supporting bar (2), and two transverse support bars (3) Respectively positioned at the both sides of cross bar (12), the two ends of the transverse support bar (3) are hinged with for being supported on contamination removing ship bottom surface Support wheel (37), and two support wheels (37) respectively positioned at vertical supporting bar (2) both sides, on the transverse support bar (3) also The regulating part (5) that can adjust distance between two support wheels (37) in same transverse support bar (3) is provided with, the underframe (1) Front end is fixed with montant (6), and adjusting rod (7) is slidably connected along its length on the montant (6), the adjusting rod (7) from By holding the rear towards underframe (1), position-limited wheel (76) is hinged with the adjusting rod (7), the montant (6) is provided with and can adjust The adjusting screw rod (62) of position-limited wheel (76) height is saved, connecting seat (8), the connecting seat (8) are also fixed with the adjusting rod (7) On be rotatably connected to retracting wheel (81), being wound with the retracting wheel (81) can be connected to the fixing band (82) of contamination removing ship front end, The sidepiece of retracting wheel (81) is fixed with travelling gear (83), and drive gear (84) is also hinged with the connecting seat (8), should Drive gear (84) is meshed with travelling gear (83), and rocking handle (85), the connecting seat are fixed with the drive gear (84) (8) it is provided with sliding tooth when fixing band (82) is tensioned and the front end of contamination removing ship bottom surface is resisted against on position-limited wheel (76) Wheel (84) securing keeper (9).
2. small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the two ends of cross bar described in two (12) are equal It is inclined upwardly, longitudinally-hinged seat (21) and two longitudinally fixed bars (22) is additionally provided with the two ends of cross bar (12), it is described longitudinally-hinged Seat (21) takes the shape of the letter U tabular, and the middle part of vertical supporting bar (2) downside has longitudinally connected portion (23), described longitudinally connected Portion (23) is hinged between the biside plate of longitudinally-hinged seat (21), and longitudinally fixed bar (22) takes the shape of the letter U described in two, and this is two longitudinally fixed Bar (22) is set on cross bar (12), and the two ends of longitudinally fixed bar (22) are upward through the base plate of longitudinally-hinged seat (21), and The end stretched out is bolted with fixing nut one (24).
3. small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the two of the vertical supporting bar (2) End is additionally provided with and is laterally hinged with seat (31) and two transverse directions fix bars (32), and the seat (31) that is laterally hinged with takes the shape of the letter U tabular, the transverse direction The middle part of support bar (3) downside has lateral connection portion (33), and the lateral connection portion (33) is hinged on and is laterally hinged with seat (31) between biside plate, horizontal fix bar (32) takes the shape of the letter U described in two, and two horizontal fix bars (32) are set in vertical supporting bar (2) on, the two ends of horizontal fix bar (32) are upward through the base plate for being laterally hinged with seat (31), and are bolted with the end stretched out solid Determine nut two (34).
4. small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the regulating part (5) is including being spirally connected Two stop nuts are bolted with the middle part of two adjusting nuts (51) at transverse support bar (3) two ends, the transverse support bar (3) (52) tensioning spring (53) and axle sleeve (35), the tensioning spring (53) and axle sleeve, are also arranged with transverse support bar (3) (35) between stop nut (52) and adjusting nut (51), the adjusting nut (51) is pressed on one end of axle sleeve (35), One end of tensioning spring (53) is pressed on the other end of axle sleeve (35) in the presence of adjusting nut (51), tensioning spring (53) The other end is pressed on stop nut (52), and bearing (36) is arranged with the axle sleeve (35), and above-mentioned support wheel (37) is set in On bearing (36).
5. small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that also erect at the middle part of the cross bar (12) Two fairleads (121) directly are fixed with, the interior sliding plug of the fairlead (121) has vertical support bar (4), supported vertically described in two The lower end of fairlead (121) is stretched out in the lower end of bar (4), and the end stretched out is fixedly connected with, the upper end of vertical support bar (4) described in two Stretch out the upper end of fairlead (121), and the end stretched out is hinged with U-shaped connecting rod (41), the two ends of the connecting rod (41) it Between be hinged with roller bearing (42), be also arranged with support spring (43) on the vertical support bar (4), the lower end of the support spring (43) Compress on fairlead (121), upper end is pressed on vertical support bar (4).
6. the small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device according to claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that the montant (6) in a tubular form, Above-mentioned adjusting screw rod (62) is located in montant (6), and adjusting screw rod (62) is rotated with montant (6) and is connected, the adjusting screw rod (62) montant (6) is stretched out in upper end, and the end stretched out is fixed with handle (63), on montant (6) side along its length Bar-shaped trough (61) is offered, the end of the adjusting rod (7) is fixed with two sliding sleeves (71), and sliding sleeve described in two (71) is slidably located in On montant (6), the end of the adjusting rod (7) has connecting portion (72) between two sliding sleeves (71), and the connecting portion (72) is worn Bar-shaped trough (61) is crossed, and swivel nut (73) is fixed with connecting portion (72), the swivel nut (73) is screwed onto on adjusting screw rod (62).
7. small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the rear end of the adjusting rod (7) is consolidated Two parallel gag lever posts (74) are connected with, two gag lever post (74) tilts backwards setting, and the upper end of the gag lever post (74) is connected There is link (75), above-mentioned position-limited wheel (76) is hinged on link (75), circumferentially offered on position-limited wheel (76) wheel face Cross section stopper slot triangular in shape (77).
8. small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the rear end of the adjusting rod (7) is also Directive wheel (78) is hinged with, the directive wheel (78) is passed through positioned at the lower section of position-limited wheel (76), the free end of the fixing band (82) Between position-limited wheel (76) and directive wheel (78), and coupler body (821) is fixed with the free end of fixing band (82).
9. small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the keeper (9) is including fixation Plate (91), the connecting seat (8) is taken the shape of the letter U, and rotating shaft (811) is rotatably connected between the opposite sides plate of connecting seat (8), above-mentioned Retracting wheel (81) and travelling gear (83) are connected in rotating shaft (811), and the drive gear (84) and fixed plate (91) are cut with scissors It is connected on the medial surface of connecting seat (8), and fixed plate (91) and travelling gear (83) are respectively positioned at the both sides of drive gear (84), The edge of the fixed plate (91) has the Access Division (911) of protrusion, and the connecting seat (8) is provided with and can be pressed on fixed plate (91) on and the pressure strip (92) that Access Division (911) is pressed in the teeth gap on drive gear (84) top is made.
10. small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the medial surface of the connecting seat (8) On offer chute (86), the pressure strip (92) is slidably connected in chute (86) in strip, and pressure strip (92), described The upper end of pressure strip (92) is bent to form in hook portion (921), the chute (86) and is also fixed with holddown spring (93), the compression bullet The upper end of spring (93) is connected in the lower end of pressure strip (92), the hook portion of pressure strip (92) in the presence of holddown spring (93) (921) it is hooked in the upper edge of fixed plate (91).
CN201611149573.6A 2016-12-14 2016-12-14 A kind of small-sized contamination removing ship transfer device Active CN106740393B (en)

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5255933A (en) * 1992-02-03 1993-10-26 Calkins Manufacturing Company Weight distributing hull and keel support for boat trailer frames
US5417447A (en) * 1994-06-28 1995-05-23 Godbersen; Byron L. Single place personal watercraft trailer
US5727920A (en) * 1996-07-19 1998-03-17 Hull, Deceased; Harold Lawrence Vertical lift towing dolly including variable, attachable platforms
US20010024026A1 (en) * 1999-01-26 2001-09-27 George Knutsson Adjustable boat trailer
US20030209877A1 (en) * 2002-02-28 2003-11-13 Beyer Frank Kurt Article transport apparatus
CN202107034U (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-01-11 广州运驰泊车装备有限公司 Pulling type assault boat transportation vehicle
AU2013100979A4 (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-08-15 John Robert Pomper Trailer boat launch and retrieval system
CN203305880U (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-11-27 哈尔滨群冠科技有限公司 Trailer for transporting steam boats
CN203511822U (en) * 2013-09-13 2014-04-02 大连一拓挂车制造有限公司 Trailer for yacht
CN205440614U (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-08-10 奉化顺美金属制品有限公司 Yacht trailer

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5255933A (en) * 1992-02-03 1993-10-26 Calkins Manufacturing Company Weight distributing hull and keel support for boat trailer frames
US5417447A (en) * 1994-06-28 1995-05-23 Godbersen; Byron L. Single place personal watercraft trailer
US5727920A (en) * 1996-07-19 1998-03-17 Hull, Deceased; Harold Lawrence Vertical lift towing dolly including variable, attachable platforms
US20010024026A1 (en) * 1999-01-26 2001-09-27 George Knutsson Adjustable boat trailer
US20030209877A1 (en) * 2002-02-28 2003-11-13 Beyer Frank Kurt Article transport apparatus
CN202107034U (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-01-11 广州运驰泊车装备有限公司 Pulling type assault boat transportation vehicle
CN203305880U (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-11-27 哈尔滨群冠科技有限公司 Trailer for transporting steam boats
AU2013100979A4 (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-08-15 John Robert Pomper Trailer boat launch and retrieval system
CN203511822U (en) * 2013-09-13 2014-04-02 大连一拓挂车制造有限公司 Trailer for yacht
CN205440614U (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-08-10 奉化顺美金属制品有限公司 Yacht trailer

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