CN106739942A - A kind of power control system, heat exchanger and vehicle - Google Patents

A kind of power control system, heat exchanger and vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106739942A
CN106739942A CN201710003902.4A CN201710003902A CN106739942A CN 106739942 A CN106739942 A CN 106739942A CN 201710003902 A CN201710003902 A CN 201710003902A CN 106739942 A CN106739942 A CN 106739942A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
power control
control module
power supply
control system
photovoltaic cells
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710003902.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卓亚伟
庄凯
Original Assignee
上海爱斯达克汽车空调系统有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 上海爱斯达克汽车空调系统有限公司 filed Critical 上海爱斯达克汽车空调系统有限公司
Priority to CN201710003902.4A priority Critical patent/CN106739942A/en
Publication of CN106739942A publication Critical patent/CN106739942A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60HARRANGEMENTS OR ADAPTATIONS OF HEATING, COOLING, VENTILATING, OR OTHER AIR-TREATING DEVICES SPECIALLY FOR PASSENGER OR GOODS SPACES OF VEHICLES
    • B60H1/00Heating, cooling or ventilating [HVAC] devices
    • B60H1/00478Air-conditioning devices using the Peltier effect
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B21/00Machines, plant, or systems, using electric or magnetic effects
    • F25B21/02Machines, plant, or systems, using electric or magnetic effects using Peltier effect; using Nernst-Ettinghausen effect
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2321/00Details of machines, plants, or systems, using electric or magnetic effects
    • F25B2321/003Details of machines, plants, or systems, using electric or magnetic effects by using thermionic electron cooling effects
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2321/00Details of machines, plants, or systems, using electric or magnetic effects
    • F25B2321/02Details of machines, plants, or systems, using electric or magnetic effects using Peltier effects; using Nernst-Ettinghausen effects
    • F25B2321/021Control thereof
    • F25B2321/0212Control thereof of electric power, current or voltage

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of power control system for vehicle, including power control module and the battery unit that is connected with power control module, power control system also includes:Photovoltaic cells, are connected with power control module, and electric energy is transmitted to power control module;Thermoelectric unit, is connected with power control module, the electric current of receiving power control module input;Wherein power control module includes:Charging circuit, connects photovoltaic cells and battery unit respectively, and the electric energy of photovoltaic cells is transmitted to battery unit;First power supply circuit, connects battery unit and thermoelectric unit respectively, and the electric energy of battery unit is transmitted to thermoelectric unit;Second power supply circuit, connects photovoltaic cells and thermoelectric unit respectively, and the electric energy of photovoltaic cells is transmitted to thermoelectric unit.Present invention also offers a kind of heat exchanger and vehicle.After adopting the above technical scheme, the power of many power supply units can be adjusted intelligently, the use reliability of heat exchanger is improve.

Description

A kind of power control system, heat exchanger and vehicle

Technical field

The present invention relates to field of vehicle control, more particularly to a kind of power control system, heat exchanger and vehicle.

Background technology

Vehicle heat exchanger, as the important component in vehicle, is the main devices for adjusting environment inside car.Generally, located at car Interior heat exchanger is powered by kilometer battery, but current driving force battery finite capacity, be still restriction Development of Electric Vehicles Bottleneck.

In order to extend the use time of air-conditioning, it is desirable to provide a kind of new power supply mode.In this regard, prior art is occurred in that The vehicle of oily electricity mixed type, can be worked by driven by engine vehicle heat exchanger, but the functional method, can influence engine Power performance, easily reduce vehicle service life.

Accordingly, it would be desirable to a kind of vehicle with new function mode and power control system, is capable of achieving power and shares, reduce The electromagnetic noise that power part is produced.

The content of the invention

In order to overcome above-mentioned technological deficiency, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of power control system, heat exchanger and Vehicle, can intelligently adjust the power of many power supply units, improve the use reliability of heat exchanger.

The invention discloses a kind of power control system for vehicle, including power control module and with the power control The battery unit of molding block connection, the power control system also includes:Photovoltaic cells, connect with the power control module Connect, electric energy is transmitted to the power control module;Thermoelectric unit, is connected with the power control module, receives the power The electric current of control module input;Wherein described power control module includes:Charging circuit, connects the photovoltaic cells respectively And battery unit, the electric energy of the photovoltaic cells is transmitted to the battery unit;First power supply circuit, connects institute respectively Battery unit and thermoelectric unit are stated, the electric energy of the battery unit is transmitted to the thermoelectric unit;Second power supply circuit, respectively The photovoltaic cells and thermoelectric unit are connected, the electric energy of the photovoltaic cells is transmitted to the thermoelectric unit.

Preferably, the power control module includes:Converting unit, is connected with the photovoltaic cells, and conversion is described The photovoltaic electric circulation of photovoltaic cells turns to DC current.

Preferably, the power control system also includes:Control chip, is connected with the car body control module of vehicle, receives The control instruction that the car body control module sends, and control first power supply circuit, second to supply according to the control instruction Circuit and charging circuit.

Preferably, the control instruction includes:Power factor regulation, switches first power supply circuit, the second power supply electricity Road and charging circuit, switch one or more in first power supply circuit, the size of current of the second power supply circuit or direction.

Preferably, first power supply circuit can synchronous or distribution connection with charging circuit.

Preferably, the power control system also includes a charhing unit, is connected with the battery unit, to the battery Unit electric energy supplement.

Present invention also offers a kind of heat exchanger, with above-mentioned power control system.

Invention further provides a kind of vehicle, with above-mentioned heat exchanger.

After employing above-mentioned technical proposal, compared with prior art, have the advantages that:

1. multiple-energy-source supply mode improve vehicle heat exchanger can endurance, energy can also be saved to traditional energy Effect;

2. more accurate to the control of vehicle interior temperature after heat exchanger heat-shift.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the system structure diagram for meeting power control system in one embodiment of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

Advantages of the present invention is expanded on further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment.

Refering to Fig. 1, to meet the structural representation of power control system in one embodiment of the present invention.Power Control system System includes power control module and the battery unit being connected with power control module, is supplied from battery unit to power control module Electricity, is operated with driving power control module.In addition to above-mentioned two module, power control system further comprises photovoltaic cells with heat Electric unit.

Photovoltaic cells are the equipment based on solar power generation, the illumination that its reception is shined upon, and luminous energy is changed It is electric energy.Photovoltaic cells are connected with power control module, and converted electric energy will be transmitted to power control module so that The part of the power control module source that powers is provided by photovoltaic cells.Thus, power control module has two electricity Source, respectively battery unit and photovoltaic cells, are used by above-mentioned two power supply according to the switching of the driving states of vehicle, can be extended The service life of battery unit.

Thermoelectric unit is to be connected with power control module, the assembly of elements of the electric current of receiving power control module transmission.Heat The electric energy that photo-voltaic power supply unit and/or battery unit are provided is converted into cold energy/heat energy by electric unit using peltier effect.In tool After having above-mentioned cold energy or heat energy, cold energy by with vehicle in heat exchange, inner space is freezed;Similarly, heat Can will provide to vehicle, inner space is heated.Thermoelectric unit provides the pattern and heat friendship freezed or heat The speed changed determines the sense of current and size that are input into by power control module.

For plan as a whole photovoltaic cells, between battery unit and thermoelectric unit three electric current input and output relation, power control Molding block is included:

1. charging circuit

Charging circuit is preset in power control module, connect photovoltaic cells and battery unit, no matter vehicle whether Travelling or leaving unused, when that need not carry out heat exchange to in-car, the electric energy of photovoltaic cells conversion will be by charging circuit Battery unit is transferred to, the electricity to battery unit is supplemented.

2. the first power supply circuit

First power supply circuit is arranged in power model, connects battery unit and thermoelectric unit, when weather environment is poor, light During according to energy deficiency, or user is selected during using conventional electron pattern, and the energy source of thermoelectric unit will be by the first power supply electricity Road provides, and directly electric current is input into by power control module by battery unit.

3. the second power supply circuit

Second power supply circuit is similarly disposed in power control module, and photovoltaic cells are connected with thermoelectric unit, when Preferably, when illumination is sufficient, the energy source of thermoelectric unit will be provided weather by the second power supply circuit by photovoltaic cells, be subtracted The frequency of use of few battery unit.

It is understood that above-mentioned charging circuit, the first power supply circuit, the use state of the second power supply circuit are by power Control module is controlled.For example, switching between the first power supply circuit and the second power supply circuit, whether opening charging circuit to battery list Unit is charged etc., and manual command is received or based on car body control module to the testing result of each sensor by power control module The instruction obtained after analysis is performed.Specifically, power control module includes control chip, and the car body control module with vehicle connects Connect, receive the control instruction that car body control module sends, such as rain sensor detection is currently rained, it is impossible to is carried out luminous energy and is turned The powered mode of electric energy is turned to, therefore, the first power supply circuit is enabled, disable the second power supply circuit.Again for example, vehicle off-duty, Charging circuit can be started, battery unit is charged using photovoltaic cells etc., or using the characteristic of thermoelectric unit, adjustment the One power supply circuit, the size of current of the second power supply circuit or direction are to change the refrigeration or heating mode of thermoelectric unit or right Environment inside car carries out the regulation that accuracy is 0.1 °;Change power factor of power control module etc..By above-mentioned control, charge Circuit, the first power supply circuit, the second power supply circuit can provide multiple combination mode, in most preferred mode, can enable simultaneously First power supply circuit and charging circuit, are powered by battery unit to thermoelectric unit, and by photovoltaic cells to battery unit Charge, to extend battery unit endurance.

Optionally as well, outside battery unit, a charhing unit can be also connected, and charging quick to battery unit, supplement Electric energy.Or the charhing unit works with photovoltaic cells, accelerates the charging rate to battery unit simultaneously.

In view of the electric energy produced by photovoltaic cells is with intensity of illumination dynamic change, dynamic change electric energy cannot be answered directly With on thermoelectric unit, therefore, power control module also includes converting unit, is connected with photovoltaic cells, by photovoltaic cell The photovoltaic electric circulation of unit turns to direct current or alternating current.

With above-mentioned with postponing, can change in power control system application to heat exchanger in any of the above-described embodiment In the electric energy presentation mode and cooling and warming mode, and final application to vehicle of original heat exchanger, there is provided a kind of no pollution, ring The vehicle of guarantor.

It should be noted that embodiments of the invention have a preferably implementation, and any type of not is made to the present invention Limitation, any one skilled in the art changes or is modified to equivalent effective possibly also with the technology contents of the disclosure above Embodiment, as long as without departing from the content of technical solution of the present invention, being made to above example according to technical spirit of the invention Any modification or equivalent variations and modification, still fall within the range of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of power control system for vehicle, including power control module and the electricity being connected with the power control module Pool unit, it is characterised in that
The power control system also includes:
Photovoltaic cells, are connected with the power control module, and electric energy is transmitted to the power control module;Thermoelectricity list Unit, is connected with the power control module, receives the electric current of the power control module input;Wherein
The power control module includes:
Charging circuit, connects the photovoltaic cells and battery unit respectively, and the electric energy of the photovoltaic cells is transmitted To the battery unit;
First power supply circuit, connects the battery unit and thermoelectric unit respectively, and the electric energy of the battery unit is transmitted to institute State thermoelectric unit;
Second power supply circuit, connects the photovoltaic cells and thermoelectric unit respectively, by the electric energy of the photovoltaic cells Transmit to the thermoelectric unit.
2. power control system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
The power control module includes:
Converting unit, is connected with the photovoltaic cells, and the photovoltaic electric circulation for changing the photovoltaic cells turns to direct current Electric current.
3. power control system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
The power control system also includes:
Control chip, is connected with the car body control module of vehicle, receives the control instruction that the car body control module sends, and root First power supply circuit, the second power supply circuit and charging circuit are controlled according to the control instruction.
4. power control system as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that
The control instruction includes:Power factor regulation, switches first power supply circuit, the second power supply circuit and the electricity that charges Road, switches one or more in first power supply circuit, the size of current of the second power supply circuit or direction.
5. power control system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
First power supply circuit can synchronous or distribution connection with charging circuit.
6. power control system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
The power control system also includes a charhing unit, is connected with the battery unit, and electricity is supplemented to the battery unit Energy.
7. a kind of heat exchanger, it is characterised in that including power control system as claimed in claim 1.
8. a kind of vehicle, it is characterised in that including heat exchanger as claimed in claim 7.
CN201710003902.4A 2017-01-04 2017-01-04 A kind of power control system, heat exchanger and vehicle CN106739942A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710003902.4A CN106739942A (en) 2017-01-04 2017-01-04 A kind of power control system, heat exchanger and vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710003902.4A CN106739942A (en) 2017-01-04 2017-01-04 A kind of power control system, heat exchanger and vehicle
PCT/CN2017/084169 WO2018126580A1 (en) 2017-01-04 2017-05-12 Power control system, heat exchanger and vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106739942A true CN106739942A (en) 2017-05-31

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ID=58949387

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710003902.4A CN106739942A (en) 2017-01-04 2017-01-04 A kind of power control system, heat exchanger and vehicle

Country Status (2)

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CN (1) CN106739942A (en)
WO (1) WO2018126580A1 (en)

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8316650B2 (en) * 2009-05-21 2012-11-27 GM Global Technology Operations LLC System and method for heating and cooling a vehicle
KR20120087436A (en) * 2011-01-28 2012-08-07 전북대학교산학협력단 Cooling system of hybrid vehicle for using solar energe
CN202782846U (en) * 2011-08-11 2013-03-13 河南冰熊专用车辆制造有限公司 Solar energy type cool storage type refrigeration vehicle
CN203103990U (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-07-31 大连职业技术学院 Vehicle power supply system
CN204794313U (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-11-18 新疆交通职业技术学院 Power supply system of cold -stored refrigerator wagon of solar energy

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CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Zhuang Kai

Inventor after: Zhang Jiayu

Inventor after: Chen Haitao

Inventor after: Li Yuqin

Inventor before: Zhuo Yawei

Inventor before: Zhuang Kai

CB03 Change of inventor or designer information