CN106738091B - Sharpener - Google Patents

Sharpener Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106738091B
CN106738091B CN201611184372.XA CN201611184372A CN106738091B CN 106738091 B CN106738091 B CN 106738091B CN 201611184372 A CN201611184372 A CN 201611184372A CN 106738091 B CN106738091 B CN 106738091B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rack
rod
fixed
bracket
swivel becket
Prior art date
Application number
CN201611184372.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106738091A (en
Inventor
唐坤忠
Original Assignee
重庆名风家俱有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 重庆名风家俱有限公司 filed Critical 重庆名风家俱有限公司
Priority to CN201611184372.XA priority Critical patent/CN106738091B/en
Publication of CN106738091A publication Critical patent/CN106738091A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106738091B publication Critical patent/CN106738091B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C5/00Machines designed for producing special profiles or shaped work, e.g. by rotary cutters; Equipment therefor

Abstract

This patent is related to wood processing machinery field, discloses a kind of sharpener, including rack and motor, and rack is equipped with concentric fixed ring and swivel becket, radially slides on swivel becket and be connected with several sliding blocks, and a connecting rod is hinged on sliding block, and connecting rod is equipped with planing tool;Connecting rod, which all collects, to be hinged on integrated base, and integrated base connects adjusting rod, and swivel becket, adjusting rod, integrated base three are coaxial;It further include upper bracket and lower bracket, a gas spring is respectively fixed in upper bracket and lower bracket, one piece of guide plate is fixed on the free end of every gas spring, it further include linkage mechanism, flexible strand one end connects one piece of guide plate, and the flexible strand other end is each attached on runner, shaft is rotatablely connected on the rack, pedal is set on the rack, and rack gear is fixed on pedal, rack and pinion engagement.This patent is intended to provide a kind of sharpener, with efficiently that the end processing of rod is conical, and prevents from occurring between conical end and rod eccentric.

Description

Sharpener
Technical field
The present invention relates to wood processing machinery fields.
Background technique
Timber processing, developed the history for having many years in forestry industry, with the continuous development of science and technology constantly into Step, timber processing equipment also emerge one after another, common wood processing machinery type mainly with cutting, crushing, peeling, wood shavings, Milling etc..
Common wood processing machinery is all relatively specific for the processing of plane, and the processing for arc surface is always that timber adds Difficult point in work, the especially processing to the tapered end of cone, existing method is that sloyd knife is slowly cut out in timber end One tip, reuses file and slowly polishes, but disadvantage, first is that processing is than relatively time-consuming, production efficiency is low, is not suitable for modernizing Industrialized production can only be processed by the experience of workers processing second is that the size of tapered end diameter can not be accurately controlled, Usually because size is scrapped there are biggish deviation, cannot also usually be used because tapered end is eccentric relative to rod, this It all be easy to cause the waste of timber a bit.
Summary of the invention
The invention is intended to provide a kind of sharpener, with efficiently that the end processing of rod is conical, and prevent from justifying Occur between tapered end and rod eccentric.
Sharpener in this programme, including rack and motor are fixed with fixed ring in rack, concentrically rotate in fixed ring It is connected with swivel becket, several sliding slots are fixed on swivel becket, track length is less than the internal diameter of swivel becket, and sliding slot is directed to swivel becket The center of circle, slidably connect a sliding block in each sliding slot, the rib that anti-limited slip block slips, each sliding block be additionally provided on sliding slot On be hinged with a connecting rod, be equipped with planing tool towards the side of rotation ring center on connecting rod;Further include adjusting rod and integrated base, connects Bar is hinged on integrated base far from one end of swivel becket, and one end of adjusting rod is connected on integrated base, and the other end of adjusting rod connects Motor is connect, the adjusting rod includes fixed link, mobile bar and bolt, if being evenly equipped in the axial direction in fixed link and mobile bar The dry pin hole matched with bolt, swivel becket, adjusting rod, integrated base three are coaxial;It further include upper bracket and lower bracket, upper bracket It is kept fixed with lower bracket and rack, a gas spring, the free end of every gas spring is respectively fixed in upper bracket and lower bracket On be fixed with one piece of guide plate, two pieces of guide plates are distributed relative to the axisymmetrical of adjusting rod;It further include linkage mechanism, gear Structure includes two flexible strands, runner, shaft, pedal, rack and pinions, and every flexible strand one end connects one piece of guide plate, flexible The rope other end is each attached on runner, and runner and gear are fixed on both ends of the shaft, and shaft is rotatablely connected on the rack, and pedal is located at In rack, rack gear is fixed on pedal, rack and pinion engagement.
It the technical principle of this programme and has the beneficial effect that before processing rod, the mobile bar of mobile adjusting rod can drive Integrated base translation, integrated base drive connecting rod to slide in sliding slot, and a taper is formed between connecting rod, and integrated base is got over from swivel becket Closely, the apex angle for the taper that connecting rod is formed is bigger, and connecting rod rotation can form a cone, and the planing tool on connecting rod is rotated with connecting rod Form a conical planing area, behind the position for adjusting connecting rod, using bolt by pin hole by mobile bar pin joint in fixation On bar, in order to which motor drives connecting rod rotation and planes.
When processing rod, using foot pedals, pedal drives rack movement, the rotation of rack drives gear, and gear driving turns Axis and runner rotation, runner is simultaneously wound on runner by two flexible strands, and flexible strand pulls two pieces of guide plates mutually remote simultaneously From rod being placed between two pieces of guide plates, and be inserted into one end of rod between connecting rod, then unclamps pedal, gas bullet Spring pushes guide plate to move to rod, and rod is clipped between two pieces of guide plates, and guide plate drives flexible strand movement, makes to turn Wheel reversion, gear also invert, and gear driving rack and pedal reset.Axisymmetrical due to two pieces of guide plates relative to adjusting rod Distribution can keep rod coaxial with adjusting rod, and since swivel becket, adjusting rod, integrated base three are coaxial after being oriented to board clamping, Therefore planing area is also coaxial with adjusting rod, and the tapered end and rod after guaranteeing planing are coaxial.Start motor, driving adjusting rod, collection It being rotated at seat, connecting rod and swivel becket, planing tool planes to rod, and operator moves rod to planing area's feed motion with hand push, The end of rod can be planed tapered.After the completion of planing, foot pedals, guide plate unclamps, that is, can be taken off completion of having planed Rod, place into other rods and processed.
This programme is easy to operate, and quickly, high production efficiency is suitble to industrialized production, and guarantees the cone after planing for processing Shape end and rod are coaxial.
Further, the spring of reset is equipped between the pedal and rack.It automatically resets convenient for pedal.
Further, the fixed ring inner wall is equipped with rolling bearing, and swivel becket is arranged in the inner ring of rolling bearing.Using turn Dynamic bearing reduces the frictional force between swivel becket and fixed ring, reduces and wears and keep swivel becket rotation more smooth.
Further, the bearing is cylinder roller bearing.Rod during processing, can apply a level to connecting rod The thrust in direction, the pulling force that connecting rod also can apply a horizontal direction to swivel becket are able to bear axis using cylinder roller bearing Xiang Li guarantees the service life of whole device.
Further, the guide plate is in arc-shaped, and the axis of guide plate is parallel with adjusting rod.Increase guiding board clamping wood Contact area when bar, clamping effect are more preferable.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of sharpener of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is linkage mechanism structural scheme of mechanism.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description include: rack 1, motor 2, fixed ring 3, cylinder roller bearing 4, swivel becket 5, Sliding slot 6, sliding block 7, connecting rod 8, planing tool 9, fixed link 10, mobile bar 11, integrated base 12, upper bracket 13, lower bracket 14, gas spring 15, guide plate 16, shaft 17, runner 18, gear 19, rack gear 20, pedal 21, spring 22, rod 23, flexible strand 24,.
Embodiment sharpener is substantially as shown in Fig. 1: including rack 1 and motor 2, fixed ring 3 is fixed in rack 1, Gu Determine to be equipped with concentric swivel becket 5 in ring 3,3 inner wall of fixed ring is equipped with cylinder roller bearing 4, and swivel becket 5 is arranged in cylindrical roller axis It holds in 4 inner ring, the outer ring of cylinder roller bearing 4 is fixed in fixed ring 3, and fixed on swivel becket 5 there are four sliding slot 6, sliding slots 6 Length is less than the internal diameter of swivel becket 5, and sliding slot 6 is directed to the center of circle of swivel becket 5, a cunning be slidably connected in each sliding slot 6 Block 7 is additionally provided with the rib that anti-limited slip block 7 slips on sliding slot 6, is hinged with a connecting rod 8 on each sliding block 7, towards turning on connecting rod 8 The side in 5 center of circle of rotating ring is equipped with planing tool 9;It further include adjusting rod and integrated base 12, the one end of connecting rod 8 far from swivel becket 5 is hinged On integrated base 12, one end of adjusting rod is connected on integrated base 12, and the other end of adjusting rod connects motor 2, the adjusting rod Including fixed link 10, mobile bar 11 and bolt, it is evenly equipped with several and bolt in the axial direction in fixed link 10 and mobile bar 11 The pin hole matched, swivel becket 5, adjusting rod, 12 three of integrated base are coaxial;It further include upper bracket 13 and lower bracket 14, upper bracket 13 and lower bracket 14 be kept fixed with rack 1, a gas spring 2215, every gas are respectively fixed on upper bracket 13 and lower bracket 14 One piece of guide plate 16 is fixed on the free end of spring 2215, two pieces of guide plates 16 are distributed relative to the axisymmetrical of adjusting rod; It further include linkage mechanism, as shown in Fig. 2, linkage mechanism includes two flexible strands 24, runner 18, shaft 17, pedal 21, slides calmly Wheel, rack gear 20 and gear 19, every 24 one end of flexible strand connect one piece of guide plate 16, and guide plate 16 is in arc-shaped, and guide plate 16 axis is parallel with adjusting rod, and 24 other end of flexible strand bypasses fixed pulley and is fixed on runner 18, runner 18 and gear 19 17 both ends of shaft are fixed on, shaft 17 is rotatably connected in rack 1, and pedal 21 is located in rack 1, and rack gear 20 is fixed on pedal 21 On, rack gear 20 is engaged with gear 19;The spring 22 of reset is equipped between pedal 21 and rack 1.
Before processing rod 23, the mobile bar 11 of mobile adjusting rod can drive integrated base 12 to translate, and integrated base 12 drives Connecting rod 8 slides in sliding slot 6, and a taper is formed between connecting rod 8, and connecting rod 8, which rotates, can form a cone, on connecting rod 8 Planing tool 9 rotated with connecting rod 8 and form a conical planing area, behind the position for adjusting connecting rod 8, pass through pin hole using bolt By 11 pin joint of mobile bar in fixed link 10.
When processing rod 23, using foot pedals 21, flexible strand 24 pulls two pieces of guide plates 16 to be located remotely from each other simultaneously, will be wooden Bar 23 is placed between two pieces of guide plates 16, and is inserted into one end of rod 23 between connecting rod 8, then unclamps pedal 21, gas Spring 2215 pushes guide plate 16 to move to rod 23, rod 23 is clipped between two pieces of guide plates 16, and 16 band of guide plate Dynamic flexible strand 24 moves, and inverts runner 18, and gear 19 also inverts, and 19 drive rack 20 of gear and pedal 21 reset, while bullet Also driving pedal 21 resets spring 22, it is ensured that rod 23 is clamped.After guide plate 16 clamps, rod 23 is coaxial with adjusting rod, and And planing area is also coaxial with adjusting rod.Start motor 2, driving adjusting rod, integrated base 12, connecting rod 8 and swivel becket 5 rotate, planing tool 9 It planes to rod 23, operator moves rod 23 to planing area's feed motion with hand push, and the end of rod 23 can be planed It is tapered.After the completion of planing, foot pedals 21, guide plate 16 unclamps, that is, the rod 23 for the completion that can be taken off having planed places into it He processes rod 23.
What has been described above is only an embodiment of the present invention, and the common sense such as well known specific structure and characteristic are not made herein in scheme Excessive description.It, without departing from the structure of the invention, can be with it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art Several modifications and improvements are made, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence what the present invention was implemented Effect and patent practicability.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, in specification The records such as specific embodiment can be used for explaining the content of claim.

Claims (5)

1. sharpener, including rack and motor, it is characterised in that: be fixed with fixed ring in rack, concentrically rotated in fixed ring It is connected with swivel becket, several sliding slots are fixed on swivel becket, track length is less than the internal diameter of swivel becket, and sliding slot is directed to swivel becket The center of circle, slidably connect a sliding block in each sliding slot, the rib that anti-limited slip block slips, each sliding block be additionally provided on sliding slot On be hinged with a connecting rod, be equipped with planing tool towards the side of rotation ring center on connecting rod;Further include adjusting rod and integrated base, connects Bar is hinged on integrated base far from one end of swivel becket, and one end of adjusting rod is connected on integrated base, and the other end of adjusting rod connects Motor is connect, the adjusting rod includes fixed link, mobile bar and bolt, if being evenly equipped in the axial direction in fixed link and mobile bar The dry pin hole matched with bolt, swivel becket, adjusting rod, integrated base three are coaxial;It further include upper bracket and lower bracket, upper bracket It is kept fixed with lower bracket and rack, a gas spring, the free end of every gas spring is respectively fixed in upper bracket and lower bracket On be fixed with one piece of guide plate, two pieces of guide plates are distributed relative to the axisymmetrical of adjusting rod;It further include linkage mechanism, gear Structure includes two flexible strands, runner, shaft, pedal, rack and pinions, and every flexible strand one end connects one piece of guide plate, flexible The rope other end is each attached on runner, and runner and gear are fixed on both ends of the shaft, and shaft is rotatablely connected on the rack, and pedal is located at In rack, rack gear is fixed on pedal, rack and pinion engagement.
2. sharpener according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be equipped with the bullet of reset between the pedal and rack Spring.
3. sharpener according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the fixed ring inner wall is equipped with rolling bearing, swivel becket It is arranged in the inner ring of rolling bearing.
4. sharpener according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the bearing is cylinder roller bearing.
5. sharpener according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the guide plate is in arc-shaped, and the axis of guide plate It is parallel with adjusting rod.
CN201611184372.XA 2016-12-20 2016-12-20 Sharpener CN106738091B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611184372.XA CN106738091B (en) 2016-12-20 2016-12-20 Sharpener

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611184372.XA CN106738091B (en) 2016-12-20 2016-12-20 Sharpener

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106738091A CN106738091A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106738091B true CN106738091B (en) 2019-01-15

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107803887B (en) * 2017-10-12 2019-09-10 周伟冬 A kind of gardens timber sharpening unit
CN109016021A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-12-18 湖州双宁木业有限公司 A kind of efficient dejacketer of timber
CN111975882A (en) * 2018-07-30 2020-11-24 巴益增 Wood cutting equipment convenient to equipment is changed
CN109397428A (en) * 2018-10-15 2019-03-01 尹晓利 A kind of bamboo umbrella frame sharpening equipment
CN110696110A (en) * 2019-09-30 2020-01-17 萧县威辰机电工程设备有限公司 Gardens are with stake device of sharpening

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2460191B3 (en) * 1979-07-02 1982-06-11 Devaud Ets
CN2159320Y (en) * 1992-09-24 1994-03-23 陈宏荣 Pencil sharpener with automatic turning on and off electric power
DE19756399C1 (en) * 1997-12-18 1999-01-14 Dahle Buero Technik Rod clamping chuck for machine finishing rod tip
CN2413922Y (en) * 2000-01-23 2001-01-10 戈杰 Lead sharpener for propelling pencil
CN102950636B (en) * 2012-10-16 2014-10-08 浙江双枪竹木有限公司 Equipment for carrying out shaping processing on chopsticks
CN103978521B (en) * 2014-05-28 2016-01-06 浙江乐韵钢琴有限公司 Milling machine is used in the processing of stall bars chord code

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